Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 16, 1954, Abilene, Texas
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 57
ÀMBOciated Press (AP)
‘ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 16, 1954—TEN PAGES
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Ike’s Farm Bill Hopes Improve
WASHI.NGTON, Aug, 15 President Eisenhower’s chances ot getting the kind of farm bill he wants appeared somewhat improved today.
After breaking up in an angry dispute over daii*y price supports Saturday night, congressional conferees trying to compromise Senate-House differences agreed on another conference early tomorrow after a cooling-off period.
May Concede Sen. Aiken (R-Vf, chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee and head of the Senate conferees, said in an interview his group was “ready to make some concessions.”
“But we will not agree to an increase in dairy supports to 80 per cent,” he added.
The dairy support level appeared to be the big remaining obstacle to final agreement on a term bill.
When compromise efforts ended Saturday in a walkout after three days of sessions, Aiken told reporters it had “lessened chances for any farm bill this session.”
Rep. Hope (R-Kan), chairman of the House confereces, threatened to carry the deadlock back to the House Monday and “ask for instructions.” But after talking with Aiken and Sen. Schoeppel (R-Kan), Hope said his group would be back for another compromise attempt tomorrow morning.
Aiken said Senate conferees probably would go along with House provisions for disposal of surplus butter, cheese and other dairy products to the Army, Navy, Air Force and V'eterans Administration.
But he said he would insist on retention of the lower dairy supports at 75 p.?r cent of parity ordered April 1 by Secretary of Agriculture Benson after millions of pounds of surplus butter, cheese and dried milk piled up in government hands.
The Senate voted to continue this level, but the House increased it to 80 per cent until next April and then added a set of directives for dairy support levels after that period.
Two other points of dispute when the conference broke up were:
1. A Senate provision y»at would deny soil conservation payments to a farmer who “knowingly overplanted” ar>y crop under controls.
2. A Senate provision that would nullify an order of Secretary Benson aimed at rotating membership on the farmer-elected committees that help administer federal farm programs at local, county and stale levels.
President Eisenhower asked elimination of the latter provision, and Senate conferees said both points could be adjusted.
IF ACTION PLANNED
Reds Must Make Formosa Decision
TAIPEH, Formo.sa, Monday. Aug. 16 (ifL—The Chinese Communists. bristling lately with threats to “liberate” the island of Formosa. face two alternatives if they really contemplate action against Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists^ major amphibious operation which would run head-on into the U.S. 7th Fleet, or an initially limited action aimed at Nationalist air force, navy and outlying islands.
The first could precipitate war between Red China and the United States.
Air Attack Possible Limited operations, on the other hand, would preclude attacks at this time by the Reds inside the U S. • defined protection zone around F'ormosa. Such a war could take the form of a drive against the island slrongpoints the Nationalists hold off the Red China coast, air and naval attacks on Nationalist warships outside the Formosa defense zone, and aerial attacks on Nationalist planes that venture over the mainland or patrol the coast.
Formosa lies some 100 miles off the China coast, about midway between Shanghai and Hong Kong.
While not ignoring any of the dangers inherent in the situation, most informed sources here are confident that if the Reds do decide to act, it is likely to be limited action, at least in the first stages.
Threats Dismissed Other observers here dismiss the Red threats against Formosa as idle boasts intended to secure specific cold war objectives.
Two such objectives, it Is believed here, are (1) to cause a split among tlie Western Powers over the Formosa question, and <2) to impose sterner controls in Red China, using the need to “liberate” Formosa as a pretext.
The Chinese Communists, it is thought, are determined—in one
way or another—to represent the United States as the one obstacle to peace in Asia, and also as the cause of difficulties at home.
Supporting this view is a report received by the Interior Ministry stating that the Reds in south China are compelling people to read a book entitled “A Hundred-Year Hi.story of American Imperialistic Aggression Against China.”
Clear Skies Bring Heat
By THE A.SSOCTATED PRESS
Most of Texas was clear and hot again Sunday, with only smatterings of rain in West Texas and on the Gulf Coast.
Temperatures ranged from Presidio’s 105 to a low maximum of 90 in Corpus Christi, Marla and Galveston. Marfa had the low Minimum of 63 early Sunday.
El Paso and Victoria were the only points reporting rain for the 24 hours ending at 6:30 p.m. Sunday. El Paso had .13 inches of rain and Victoria had .01 inches.
Top temperatures were mostly in the 90’s around the state Sunday. Amarillo had 95, Austin 99, Midland 95, Dallas 100, El Paso 96, Houston 96, San Antonio 99, Waco 100, Beaumont 95 and Del Rio 98.
Fort Worth had a maximum of 102, Laredo 99, Victoria 98, Wichita Falls 102, Texarkana 103, Lubbock 9**, San Angelo 97, Mineral Wells 102 and Tyler 101,
Widely scattered showers are forecast for east Texas, South Central and West Texas. Most of the rest of the state was expected to be clear and hot. Little change in the weather was forecast.
DETECTIVE OBJECT OF SLEUTHING
City Police Det. Capt. W\ B. (Red) McDonald was him.self the object of some sleuthing Sunday.
McDonald was driving a car that collided with an auto driven by W'illiam Alvis Shepherd. 2702 South Third St. at South Third and Sewell Sts.
Both drivers escaped injury. Damage was minor to the cars.
Sheplierd received two tickets as a result of the collision. McDonald got none.
Parley May Help Morale In SE Asia
WASHINGTON. Aug. 15 (i!>)-The Pentagon hopes the Southeast Asia conference next month will produce maximum morale benefits for the region with minimum demands on American armed forces, already heavily committed in other parts of the world.
This is understood to be the view of Defense Department planners who w'ill be called upon to put military flesh and muscle on the political skeleton to be contrived by the foreign ministers of eight nations at their meeting in the Philippines starting Sept. 6.
American officials, it was reported. see an urgent need to bolster anti-Communist spirits in Southeast Asia, where Western prestige was 'baitered badly by what military men here openly refer to as the “debacle” in Indochina.
But the Pentagon neither desires nor expects that the “fabric of peace” woven at Baguio, the Philippines summer capital, next month will provide Southeast Asia with a hard and fast polKical and military alliance patterned after the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
There is even less inclination among U. S. defense chiefs to get
450 Riot, Set Fires
At Canadian Prison
StENE OF ROBBERY — The FBI Sunday charged two New York men, still at large, with robbing this Andrews AFB bank last Friday of $124,638.
Guards, Soldiers Quell Outbreak
KINGSTON, Ont., Aug. 15 fAP)—Torch-bearing prisoners rioted for two hours in the big Kingston Penitentiary today and set a dozen fires within the high gray walls before armed soldiers, police and guards brought the situation under control.
The riot, led by some 50 prisoners and joined by about 400 others, broke out in the prison exercise yard. Before it was over, sporadic fires had been set in various parts of the cellblocks, guards had fired over the heads of rioters and a call was sent for military and police reinforcements.
One Guard Injured ‘ Only one person, a guard, was injured, but the prison, one of the largest federal penitentiaries in Canada, was a wreck. Extra guards were put I -
on duty tonight to prevent; treat. Donning a pair of prison-further outbreaks by any ofjer’s overalls, he broke for the the 1.000 convicts, many of guard posts.
Andrews AFB Bank Robbery (barges Filed
I BALTIMORE, Aug. 15 l^Two involved in a Korea-style collective. york men, still at large, were
effort, it was learned. In Korea the United States provided the en^ tire starting initiative and the con-
charged in a complaint filed by the FBI today with taking part in the $124.638 robbery last Friday
tinuing military leadership while ^ ^ Andrews Air
contributing most of the men and bearing the heavy brunt of losses.
Nevertheless, it had little more
than a single voice in the councils that determined policies and objectives of the war.
Modest Aims The United States, informants said, sees both political and military reasons for setting modest aims for the Southeast Asia con-
D.K. Brown, agent in charge of the Baltimore FBI office, identified the men as Earl (Kill) Smith, 25, and Henry John (Tiny) Foster, 23.
The complaint was filed with U.S. Commissioner Samuel W.H. Meloy at Upper Marlboro. Md., about seven miles from the south-
SHIVERS PLANE LANDS HERE FOR 2-DAY CAMPAIGN TOUR
(Candidates’ Speeches, Page 3-A)
Gov. Allan Shivers will land at Abilene Municipal Airport Tuesday morning to begin a campaign through Jones and Fisher county towns.
The governor will be met at Hawley by a car caravan of supporters from Anson.
He has speeches scheduled at the courthouse m Anson at 9:30 a.m.; at Stamford at 10:30 a.m.; in Rotan at 1:30 p.m.; and later at Roby.
Wednesday the governor will return from El Paso to campaign in Haskell, Knox and Baylor counties.
Shivers will meet Austin attorney Ralph Yarborough in the Aug. 28 primary election.
There wa.s no immediate official estimate of damage. Some reports, however, went as high as one million dollans.
The prison was the scene of another major fire last Friday night when sections of the roof were burned out. That blaze was ascribed to faulty wiring.
Outbreaks Foiled A 23-year-o!d guard, Leslie Mc-Callum of M0.SC0W, Ont., was credited with foiling a mass outbreak from the old limestone prison when he locked himself in the lookout dome a few feet from the howling, screaming convicts.
McCallum was the only guard in the fire area with a full set of keys to the main gates. He barricaded himself in the dome over the blazing workshops. One of the armed convicts yelled at him: “Give us the keys or we’ll burn you alive.”
McCallum said a “howling, solid mob of them tried to break through the barrier.”
Stayed In Dome He stayed in the dome until the dense smoke forced rioters to re-
He ran unnoticed until he neared the main gates. Convicts, some with knives, baseball bats, bottles and sticks, chased him but McCallum made it past the gates. He was badly shaken up but the keys were in his pocket.
One convict said Friday’s fire was the premature prelude to what
See RIOT, Page 3-A, Col. S
ference and for the loose alliance ern Maryland air base.
that the diplomats are aiming at.
Pentagon planners have only to glance at their maps to see the obstacles in the way of a firm 1 military alliance in Southeast Asia,
with forces in being, under a single gaid.
Smith and Foster, both Negroes, were aides in the bank robbery in which Clarence (Duke) McGann, 24-year-old New Yorker is being held at Upper Marlboro, Brown
high command, and ready to act toward predetermined objectives.
The prospective allies of the region, for instance, share only one land border, the narrow peninsular strip connecting Thailand and British Malaya.
Pakistan, with the largest military force of any of the prospective allies, is itself split in two geographical parts which are separated by 1.000 miles of neutralist India.
Neutral Burma is wedged between East Pakistan and Thailand. The latter'country, which has a big stake in the success or failure. of any collective effort against, Communist aggression, already faces the Reds across the north-eastern border in what used to be French Indochina.
McGann was picked up on a speeding charge by a Prince Georges County policeman shortly after the robbery. Two companions fled in his car while McGann was being booked.
Brown said McGann would tell investigators only that he was ‘a gambler” from New York.
The officer who arrested McGann didn’t know about the bunk holdup until he reached the police station.
Son-In-Law Jailed In Shooting Spree
BIG SPRING, Aug 15 (RNS)— A 31-year-old Mason man, Ray Avers Horlen. was captured by four Big Spring policemen early Sunday morning minutes alter nis father - in - law was critically wounded by three pistol bullrts.
Big Spring police said Horlen was being held in jail Sunday night but that no formal diarges had been filed.
CondUlon Crilieal Horlen’s father-in-law, Jerry Cot-tongame. 56. was reported in critical condition Sunday night at a Big Spring hospital. His home is at 2002 North Main St In the house at the time of the shixking were Cottongame. his wife, Horlen’s wife. Verna Sue. 21, and two other Cottongame children. Jack. 18. and Ray, 10.
Horlan was. reported to have pounded on the door of the Cottongame home about 5:30 but was told by Cottongame to go away.
Went For Pistol Horlen .then went to an automo-bik lor a revolvai» Mia. (ktton-
game tried to call police but Horlen was said to have fired two shots to discourage the call.
He then went to a window, pulled down the screen and
climbed into a room where the two Cottongame boys had been sleeping.
The older boy. Jack, grawled with Horlen but Horlen broke away and went to the living room where police said Cottongame was shot in the left hip, left shoulder
U J. Ships Head Fot Rehigee Work
MANILA. Aug. 16 i^U.S. Navy ship« are en route to Indochina to transport untold thousands of refugees in their flight from Commii-mst-rukd NoNhtrn Visi Nam.
and through the side.
A neighbor heard the pist(H shots and called police. Horlen surrendered to four police without a fight. Police took a ,38 caliber revolver from Horlen.
Horlen and his young wife have four children and are expecting a fifth. Horlen said he has lived in Mason, for the past five years. He gave his occupation as truck farmer
Polic*e speculated that Horlen became angry when Cottongame wouldn’t let him into the house and told him.to go away. No other reason for the outburst was given Sunday night.
Tell Same Story
Horle and his wife had been separated for several weeks.
District Attorney Elton Gilliland said Horlen’s wife, Cottonganie's wife and the two bo>« all tell about the same story of the early morning spree.
Formal charges wmm to be filed Mondeyk
Snyder Man Dies In Sunday School
SNYDER. Aug. 15 (RNS)-Charles Russell Robinson. 71, died Sunday morning while attending Sunday School at the First Presbyterian Church here.
Funeral will be held at 5 p.m. Monday from the First Presbyterian Church, with Rev. Ronald E. Hubbard officiating, assisted by his father. Rev. Edgar Hubbard. Burial will be in Snyder cemetery under direction of Bell Funeral Home,
Mr. Robinson is survived by three daughters. Mrs. 0. E. Patti-son, Clovis. N M.. Mrs. R. C. May, Snyder, and Dr. L. Rose Robinson, Kermit; one sister. Mrs. Sally Groves, Snyder; three grandsons. Lame Pattison, Clovis, Max-ey May, Snyder and A1 Robinson, Kermit.
Mr. Robinson had been a member of the Presbyterian Church for 30 years and was an elder of the church at the time of his death.
Mr. Robinson was born July 5, 1883, in PikViviUe. Tenn.
Churchmen of 48 Nations Open World Council in Evanston, III.
EVANSTON, 111., Aug. 15 (^ Christian churchmen from around the globe mingled today in a stirring service of worship to open the Second Assembly of the World Council of Churches.
It was a colorful, dramatic Inauguration as ranking prelates and dignitaries of 161 denomations !n 48 nations strode up the aisle of Evanston’s First Methodist Church to the strains of “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.”
Bishop Speaks “We have learned how to study, to speak, to stand and to serve together,” declared Methodist Bishop G. BrMTiley Oxnam. of Washington. D.C., in the sermon. “In humility, but with firm resolve, we intend to stay together.” Delegates and officials, with special passes, filled the 1,500-seat church. Other hundreds sat in an outdoor chapel or stood outside to hear the service from loud-speakers that boomed over a city block.
An immense throng tonight took part in a breathtaking spectacle of worship in Chicago’s Soldier Field.
A crowd estimated by police at more than 125.000 jammed the vast lakefront field and other thousands filled the park walks outside.
With a flourish of trumpets, the of justice” in a world racked with
Cave4n Yields Three More Bodies
HONOLULU, Aug, 15 (fw-Rescue workers tooay recovered the bodies of three more men killed in a mountain tunnel cave-in Saturday.
Six men were trapped by the cave-ini only one was rescued aliva.
u s. DEPABTMENT OE COMMEBCE WEATHEB Bl'BEAU ABILENE AND ViClMTV - /air .ad «»ntlnued hot Monday and "‘fi*
both day. near 100 Low Monday jjldhl north CENTRAL TEXAS: Clear W
partly cloudy Monday and Tuenday; not much change In temperature WEST TEXAS: Clear to partly Monday and Tue^lay cd afternoon thunlershouera J**® handU and weat of the PecM River, not
much change in -v,udv
F\ST TEXAS: Clear to partly cloudy
Monday wul Tut*d.y with thunderahowera near the coaat. not much
‘iEiTilAr TMAS, P.«ly
cloudy with ahowera in (^.®*‘';®"'®.““‘ii and acatfered ahowera ^ elacwhere Monday and Tunadayj not much change in temperature^
1:20 2:30 3:10 4 30 S:30 6:30 7:30
SUN. P M. 97
High and low temperaturaa for M hours •ndcd at 6.30 p.m.: 99 and 79. High ai^ low temperature, aame date laat year : 93 ABd 76. Sunaet laat night 7^:36 p m. Sun-rian today 6:03 a.m. Sunaet tonight 7:21 rmdm 9:30 p.m. Mil. • homidRy *t l;3l p m. 92 per
mighty pageant opened as a lone speaker stood on a tall, gold-sheathed pylon under a white spotlight, and said:
“Oh. ye children of men.”
A singing reply, “Bless ye, the Lord.” came from a 250-voiced chorus, part of a cast of 4.000 which participated in the drama-packed “Festival of Faith.”
It was one of the most impressive displays of public worship in modern history. |
It featured soloists, dancers and i marched the crescendo of thousands of j voices rising into the clear sky.
Lights—red. blue, gold and green —speared onto a central platform as actors depicted the Creation,
Life, Evil, Redemption, Death and Resurrection.
Christians from across the country poured into Chicago for the service, climaxing the opening i day of the Council’s Assembly. i The morning procession in Evanston was a panorama of striking contrasts.
There were bishops and priests, in black cassocks and varicolored stoles and hoods, leaders of ancient Eastern churches in staid black robes with gold-filigreed crowns, sandal-clad black men draped in bright blankets, Orientals in brilliant silk kimonos, men in ruffed collars and tall miters and flowing veils.
Lights Glare In the balconies cameras buzzed and television lights glared on the woodcarvmg - walled chancel as some of the world’s foremost church leaders led the service marking the start of the historic,
The worship itself was an intermingling of contrasts.
As Norway’s Lutheran leader.
Bishop Eivied Berggrav, recited the Apostles’ Creed in German, the congregation joined in English.
There were Old Testament reading in French, from Isaiah 53, by lean, mustzK-hed Dr. Marc Boeg-ner. head of the Federated Churcl^# of France.
And the New Testament theme of the Assembly, sounding the Christian hope in Christ as given in PhiUppians 2. was rendered In Greek by Archbishop .Athenagorus, metropolitan of the Greek Orthodox Church.
In the English-language sermon.
Bishop Oxnam. one of the Council’« five prwiidents, called for the churehei to “face u|> to the lasue
hate and moral wrongs.
"It must be made clear that we dare not identify the gospel of Jesus with any historically conditioned political, social or economic system,” he .said. “The gospel stands in judgment up<m all of them.”
With representatives of nearly all the non - Roman Catholic churches assembled in worship, and to seek to join their strength in mutual endeavor, a lone picket outside carrying this
McCarthy Move May Slow Hearing
WASHINGTON, Aug. W (M-Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis), in a move which could delay the start of Senate hearings scheduled for Aug. 30, demanded today that Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) return from Europe to repeat under oath his censure chargek against McCarthy.
Flanders, who recited to the Senate 33 counts OTi which he said McCarthy’s conduct tended to bring the Senate into disrepute, flew to the British Isles last week for a three-week vacation. An aide said he would return “anytime hq’s needed.”
McCarthy called this trip an evidence of “complete lack of courage” on Flanders* part, adding:
“I am going to request—although I knOw he won’t do it—that Flanders return from his 30-day Junket and be available when the committee starts its hearings. He is a complaining witness. He shouldn’t run out of the country after knowing the date of the hearings ”
Members of the six-man committee assigned to inquire into McCarthy’s conduct said that while
See MCCARTHY, Page 3-A, Col. I
Trouble Seen For Tax-Cut Bill
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15 (JV-Sen. Bridges (R-NH) today called tax cuts (me (rf the major accomplishments of the Republican ■ controlled Congress, but Sen. George (D-Ga) said there is trouble ahead for the revenue bill President Eisenhower signs Umiorrow.
Bridges, the president pro tempore of the Senate, said in an interview that when Congress adjourns, probably late this week, he thinks it will be clear that “the mandate of the American people for a change in the direction we have been heading will have been canned out.”
Relief Obtained “Tax relief for both individuals and businesses has been obtained, a practical solutiim to the prob lem of ever - mounting farm surpluses hai been started and millions of Americans have been blanketed under social secuiity,” he said.
Tremendous savings have been
accomplished, efficiency and coin mon sense hava been restored to government, an effecUve program for curing the economic Ills of our (KHintry has been established and we cap face the future with confidence.”
Bridges said he thiidis this record justifies the voters in returning the Republicans to control of Congress in the November elections.
George, a leading Democrat, said (m the other hand that while he regards tht record ot the wia-measure«
‘fairly good, n<Rh-outstanding was
ing Congress as ing particularly accomplished.”
“Congress has covered a lot of ground but it hasn’t produced anything extraordinary in legislation,” he observed.
While Bridges claimed tax reductions will give wide benefits, Ge(M*ge said he thinks the tax bill now on the President’s desk was “not a good job."
“We’ll be amending it for the next four or five years,” th^ Georgia senator predicted.
George said he expects a “tremendous demand” to arise early next year for a further cut in excise taxes. He said he doubts that Congress will agree to let corporation taxes decline from 52 per cent to 47 per cent, as now scheduled next AprU 1. “because we’U have to have the revenue and we can’t get it anywhere else."
Congress goes into what may bs ite final legislaUve week tomorrow with Sen. Knowland of Cali-fornia. the Senate GOP leader, prs-dieting early compromises on measures on which tte two houses havs disagreed.
Knowland said he thinks a, compromise version of the farm bill may be ready for action Tuesday. He said he also hopes the atomic energy measure can be taken up then.
After a call of its calendar of minor bills, the Senate will debats tomorrow three contempt citations and a ssnsa oi matMtbmnim