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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 16, 1944, Abilene, Texas gfetlem Reporter VOL. LXIV, NO. 60 A TEXAS NSWSPAPIB WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 16, 1944-TWELVE PAGES Associated Prat (AP) Vnttut PTCU (Vf.i PRICE FIVE CENTS Allies Drive Through Southern France; Opposition Very Light PART OF FLEET IN NEW is part of the fleet that took part in the new invasion of southern France Aug. 15, shown off an undisclosed coast during practice Derations just prior tin- current thrust. This picture was received by radio from Italy alid is the first on the new invasion. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps Germans Caught in Normandy SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Wednesday, Aug. The Germans caught in the Normandy death trap were being hammered mer- cilessly today in the climactic battle for northwestern France and an American officer declared the ennmy forces "have ceased to exist as an army." Rain, which fell in sheets across the battlefield and sent the swarms of warplanes back to bases, was the only hope of Field Marshal Gon. Guenlher Von Kluge, trying to intricate his forces through a shell-fraught gap below Falaise now narrowed to nine JJiles. As Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's troops in Normandy lightened their grip on the en- trapped Nazis a new Allied invasion on the southern coast of France tore another breach in the crumbling walls of Hitler's European fortress. British and Canadians on the north and Americans on the west and south closed in on coast. Ttirs. Men. A.M. 70 73 17 TEMPERATURES HOUR filch and (no and 7.1. last ymr: Si.rmt la I Iffmift to In alii High and low 101 and -X. I nlchi: Jti'JU. mornlnr: I WEST IEXAS FAIR GIVEN USE OF PARK, RENI-FREE It's full speed ahead for the re- vived West Texas fair, which Is to be held here Sept. 1-9. At a meeting last night of the city parks board and a committee of West Texas Pair association di- rectors, an agreement was reached and unanimously adopted, where- by the parks board agreed to let the fair association use the West Texas fair qrounds free of charge. If a profit is made from the fair, tfic two boards are to meet again to decide what improvements will be made with the money. A motion to that effect WHS made by Ray Crowell, member of the parks board, seconded by E. W. Berry and unanimously approved. There had been some contention that a stipulated amount be paid for use of the fair grounds and plans for the fair had progressed rather slowly due to the fact that no agreement had been reached. There was no great difficulty in reaching the decision, but there was considerable ills- -isslon on both sidos with everyone being in accord on ouc thing: Both the fair associa- tion and the parks board arc oper- ating on a "shoe string" and need more money. Homer Scott, parks board chair- man, presided for the joint session. Acting us chief spokesman for the fair board committee, Tom Ep- Icn told of the history of tlin asso- ciation, giving the ups and downs, financially speaking. He told how ihc legal title passed the ?lty and outlined the revival of the fair one of the oldest In West Texas In 1937. At that time nnd until 1941 the fair association dealt, with the city for use of the grounds. "Through the years there never was any question as to use of the Eplen said. "The old con- tract stipulated that the grounds be set aside 30 days each year for staging of the lair." He said that the fair association didn't feel "like it should be quired to pay rental for use of the grounds it helped acquire, especial- ly since the fair is held only for the betterment of the community and in interest of livestockmcn farmers and 4-H and FFA boys. Eplen told how the city got pos- session of the grounds when the fair association was in r. "bad way" financially as a result of adding a lot of permanent buildings, owe- ing something like W. J. Fulwiier, member of the fair association, told how the West Texas fair had become a featured West Texas attraction and had been in that capacity for nearly half a century. He told of the time and effort put into the fair by outstand- ing Abilenians, mentioning J. M. Radford, George L. Paxlon, Will Minter ami T. C. Campbell. They and many others put in their time because they realized the import- ance of a fair, such as the one held here. In development of the ter- ritory UK an agricultural and live- stock center, Fulwiier said. Ho said the had had its ups and downs snd during the depres- sion had to retrench, but that he hoped the time wa.s near at hand when the people would unite to put the fair back on its former level. Ftilwiler said that since It was a community enterprise and that ev- ery dollar of profit from the fair goes back into the plant, he saw no reason why there shouldn't be close cooperation to curry on for a bet- Sec FAIR, Pg. 3, Col, 6 Nazis Admit Invasion Hits Lengthy Zone LONDON, Aug. The Germans said tonight the Allied invasion of southern France was in full swing along a 125-mile stretch of the Medi- terranean coast between Cannes and a point west of Toulon. At the same time Lt. Gen. Kurt Dittmar, German mili- tary commentator, in-a Ber- lin broadcast gloomily began preparing-the Nazi people for an invasion of the Reich it- self. Dittmar said superior Russian forces had broken across the Vistula river and measures of vast defense building now are in progress not only in East Prussia but everywhere Reich territory is threatened." The Germans said the focal point of the Allied invasion of southern Prance was on a 10-mile stretch between St. Raphael and Cap Dra- mont, southwest of Cannes. The Germans claimed that only !n the bay of St. Torprez, 12 miles west of St. Raphael, were the Allies able to land tank forces. Thf, propaganda a f e n'.e y landings at (1) Bormes, east of Toulon, (2) the St. Raphael area, -and (3) between Cannes and Nice. Transocean declar- ed "German troops launched immediate counter attacks and engaged invading: troops in heavy fighting." DNB said the Bormes landing was "frustrat- ed." In a dispatch to the controlled press outside Germany, DNB said the St. Raphael-Cap Dramont fighting "cannot yet be called a coherent action on a broad front." "There is seems that the enemy wants to occupy first the Gulf of St. Tropez and the airfields of St. Raphael so he will be able to land and concentrate more reinforce- ments from the air and DNB said. "The enemy movements on the sea and his employment of air power are m no way on a Americans Run Over Entire Countryside ROME, Aug. of Al- lied troops, mainly Americans and French, swarmed onto the south coast of France on a broad front between Marseille and Nice to- day, seized and extended firm beachheads against inconsequential German opposition, and drove northward with the avowed inten- tion of joining the Allies in northwestern France. IEQQI To Find Lack of Nazi Resistance By KENNETH I. DIXON WITH ALLIED FORCES AT- TACKING SOUTHERN FRANCE, Aug. a few hours be- fore troops stormed asliore today in southern France, the coastal de- fenses of the underbelly of Hitler's Europea appeared about twice as tough as those encountered in Nor- mandy. But the expected resistance failed to materialize. I watched the landings from a B-25 Mitchell bomber feet above the beaches. As far as 20 miles Inland there was a consistent lack of any sign scale struggle to mark the entire rug- of the operations of June 6." gcd landscape. From my vantage In another dispatch DNB de- pmnt, it appeared that the new scribed the fighting area as a Allied blows to liberate France were coastal stretch 15 miles in length meeting almost no resistance in trie where the breaches are flat only at some points and the foothills of Alpes Provcncales rise more than a mile high. These slopes, the agency said, were heavily for- tified. DNB said later that "the attack- er was met everywhere by concen- trated German defenses and heavy casualties were inflicted on him." An Allied communique at p.m. said American and French troops before dawn took the sentinel islands of Port Cros and Levant, 10 miles off the coast, and seized Cap Negre, on the mainland due north of the islands and 28 miles east of Toulon. Other specific locations were not given, the beaches being placed merely in the 125-mile strip of coast between Marseille and Nice. The Germans said the focal point of the Allied invasion was at St. Raphael, 30 miles northeast up the coast from Cap Negre, and also said there were landings west of Toulon and at Bormes, 25 miles cast of that one-time naval base. American airmen who flew over the beaches late in the day said there was no sign of any concerted enemy opposi- tion and that American, vehicles were "running all over the countryside." The official night statement said, "'On ;the beaches, of the mainland, where landings were successful against light Pfc. E. F. Shipp Dies in Action ROTAN, Aug. Pfc. Willie F. Shipp. 34, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Shipp, has been killed in action in France while figliting with the 30th Division July 12. His last letter, dated June 30. to his sister, Mrs. Mabel Joplin, stat- ed the going was rough and that tie was praying every day for the time to come when he could come home again. Private Shipp was born Aus. 27, 1909, near Rule, later movlr.g to the Harmony community where he attended school. Prior to hii en- listment in October, 1942, he farm- ed. He trained at Fort Sill, Okla., Little Rock, Ark., and Fort Beii- ning, Ga., going overseas to Eng- land In February, 1944. He was married Oct. 2. 1943, to for- mer Ruth Denley, who lives with ncr parents in Horton, Ala. Children of a. former marriage Jlvlnr; with his parents Include two daughters, Georgia Nell. 12, Nina Joe, 6, and one son, Billle, He is also survived by a brothjr, A. R. Shipp, Jayton. first stages. Preliminary reconnaissance indi- cated shore defenses would form a hard shell, not too well supported from behind. Twice during recent days I Have flown over those de- fenses in reconnaissance planes. They were bristling with guns be- hind heavy emplacements. However, I saw few indications of strong de- fenses farther inland. It still seems incredible that we were not fired upon as we flew in with the gliders and parachute troops. It is also strange that the naval ships and landing craft un- loading their cargos of men and equipment should not be showered with enemy fire. Apparently both the air forces and Navy did a powerful Job of neutralizing those shore defenses during the thimdcrlnc three-hour bombardment before the landing as- sault. Along the anti-aircraft entire coastal sector batteries were densely packed a few days ago that planes officially recorded flak us "intense." Yet no one aboard the plane from which I watched the as- sault saw a single shot fired on any sign of activity as the gliders land- opposition, proceeding the operation is adding that, "substantial num- bers of Allied troops, together with guns, munitions and sup- plies, had been landed across the beaches of southern France by dark this evening. "The beachhead has been ex- tended and widened during the day's operation. "Enemy opposition remains spo- radic, and no enemy nir attacks LONDON, Aug. AFI {Independent French Agency) reported from Bern today that French Pa- triots were "advancing toward and ihat hundreds more arc joining them as they pusli ahead. The dispatch said other de- tachments of French forces of the interior were advancing on Boredcaux. It did not say where the Paliols were coming from or how they were armed. have yet been reported." Word from the beaches in- dicated German prisoners taken in sporadic light fighting show- ed almost total demoralization, primarily as result of the Amer- ican breakthrough in north- western France, which they realized meant that the Father- land's downfall was near. One dispatch from a correspond- ent in the field said that by aft- ernoon the invaders were well into LONDON, Aug. 15 (Ft "The supreme hour has the German radio said tonight. "It is the hour wlirn wr. must throw into battle the last ounce of strength." Pilots who carried troops over also reported they en- countered no fire nnri all planes apparently returned safely. Cracking of the outer shell was Impassible until n few hours be- fore the actual landings started. Similarly, although many bomb- See EYE WITNESS, PS. .1, Col. 7 southern France and going ahead fast against Germans who were caught entirely by surprise. Allied casualties were reported to have been slight. Thousands of Allied parachutists and airborne troopers landed well Inland at a.m. Also against scanty opposition, following the Im- portant opening blow r.gainst the offshore islands, a picked force had neutralized the Islands' big guns silently to pave the wny for the parachute, tactlcal surprise of the main sea- Haskell Youth Gets Wings, Commission PECOS, Aus. Dean Fa- gan son of Mrs. R. O. Pagan, Hns- kell, Texas, has received his silver wings and commission as a, flight officer from the Advanced Tno-En- Klne pilot school, al Pecos tray air field. Midland Man Faces Charge of Murder ODESSA, Aug. County O. E. Gerron said charges of murder without malice were filed today against Lee Blnyou, Midland, In connection with an automobile accident Aug. 11 In which Mrs. Beulah Blllesby, Midland, suffered fatal Injuries. Blnyon was driver of the vehi- cle In which Mrs. Blllesby was rld- Ins. he said. The accident occurred 12 miles north of here. borne landings which followed. Backed by more thnu 800 warships ol all greatest naval force ever assembled in the Mediterran- first seaborne troops went See INVASION. PC. 3, Ol. 4 Announce New 12th Armored Commander Announcement that Douglass T. Orecnc, of the 10th Armored MaJ. Gen. commander division at Camp Chaffce, hns been transfer- red to Camp Barkeley to assume command of the 12th Armored, was made Tuesday through the public relations office at Fort Smith, Ark. Also transferred to Camp Bnrkc- ley. the announcement said, was Col. Richard A. Gordon, chief of staff. WHERE ALLIES LAND IN SOUTHERN (A) indicates coastal area between Marseilles and Nice in southern France where dispatches said Allied troops have swarmed ashore. (AP Soviets May Invade Germany This Week CONDON, Wednesday, Aug. field, dis- patches said last night that Red army troops had 'crossed the Biebrza river in northern Poland, striking through a 15 mile belt of Axis defenses guarding imperilled East.Prussia, while Moscow announced that Marshal Ivan S. Konev's fourth Ukraine army had killed or captured Germans. Jap Homeland Flanks Blasted By The Associated Press American air smashes against two flanks of the Japanese home- Kurile islands on the northeast and Formosa on the officially reported yesterday on tile heels of an Allied headquarters announcement that the Nipponese Philippines defense line was seriously threatened. Beset on all sides by fast-striking air raiders, the Japanese acknow- ledged that Yank fliers staged new raids in the Volcano islands, some 100 miles south of is, later raids than those listed in American reports. Adnl. Chester TV. Ts'lmltz's Tuesday press release tolri of widespread aerial pounding: of Japanese pacific, defense posi- tions and airfields over the week end. Land-based planes hit the Klirilrs, blasting Para- mitsiro, Shlimusliu and Araito islands. The lallcr, roirlhwest of Paramushiro, was rnlded for the first time. The U. S. air- men struck on two consecutive days. They strafed and sank a patrol ship, shot down thrrc Japanese planes, probably de- stroyed five otiicrs and dam- aged two. An "aggressive" flight of Nip pon fighters intercepted Sunday at Two in the Volcano Islands. One Liberator was lost. The raiders unloaded more than 35 tons of bombs on the airfield and other targets there. Tokyo radio said 22 Liberators hit Iwo Monday and that two were .shot down by Japanese fighters. There was no confirmation of this reported attack. Meanwhile Ocn. Joseph Slllweli's headquarters said American heavy bombers roared out from China bases to bla.st Formosa, north of tile Philippines. They blasted the port of Takno, hitting the dork nrca. Three Nippon freighters were slink between Formosa nnd the China coast. Slowly but surely aerial warfare Is closing In on the Philippines. The southern end of that archipel- ago already has been attacked from bases in New Guinea. The strike at Formosa, took American bombers to within approximately 300 miles of Apnrrl, northern-most Philip- pines port, The air-raid conscious Japanese, scanning the skies for new B-20 supcrfortriss visitors, decided to abandon use of the nir raid sirens In Korea for twicc-a-day compul- sory emperor worship ceremonies. Hereafter, the populace was told, the undulatlnc sirens will mean an Impending raid. Konev's troops attacking through southern Poland to- ward German Silesia killed Germans between July 13 and Aug. 12, the.spe- cial announcement said. On the basis of Moscow accounts six Soviets armies have killed or captured a total of Germans since the great summer offenMvo began June 3. and when three cr armies presently engaged in shat- tering the Rylch forces are heard the total Is likely to exceed Swarms of armored fighter-bomb- ers covered the Russian surge to- ward east Prussia, spraying Ger- man positions nt Grajewo, only two miles from the frontier in the at- tack along the Bialystok-Lyck rail- way. The Russians already are en- dangering thousands of out- flanked German troops fighting in the Suwalkl triangle a short distance above the Blcbna riv- er sector. The Suwalkl irian- annexed the East Prussia, from Poland in 1939, recently was invaded by Gen. Ivan Cher- nisk-Hovsky's Third White Rus- sian Army. When German reserves, flung into battle in the Suwalki area and along the east Prussian-Lithuanian bor- der farther north, slowed Cherniak- hovsky, the second White Russian army went over to the offensive now rolling dangerously close to the southern border of east Prussia on the fringe of the Marusian lakes- famous battleground in the first world war. The Soviet high command bul- letin remained silent on this senior, where Associated Press Moscow Correspondent Daniel de Luce said an invasion of Ger- many was likely In the neit 72 hours. One hundred miles to the south- west another Bed Army, the First White Russian under Marshal Kon- stnntln K. Rokossovsky, beat down German counterattacks east of 1'raga, Industrial suburb of Warsaw. The Russians last were reported within 11 miles of Polish capital. Soviet troops fighting west of the Vistula river, 100 miles south of Poland, captured several localities rturinR the day in their steady bat- tle against, reinforced. German lines. In Estonia. Russian troops in n three-mile advance west of Antsla ieized the rail station of Anne, only 14 miles from the key Junction of Vnlga, and within II miles of the Tallinn-Riga railway which runs through Valga. The Russians cap- tured 80 localities in their drive to- ward the Baltic sea. The first big objective of the Rus- sians on the threshold of east Prus- i was the mil Junction of Lyck. ly 25 miles beyond the shattered Biebrza river line. "The waters of the Bobr (Biebrza) river ran dark with enemy blood snid a front dispatch to Izvestla telling of the German flight nnd close Russian pursuit. ;