Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 15, 1954, Abilene, Texas
SUBÍDAY'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH TOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—ByronVOL. LXXIV, NO. 57 Auodaud Prm (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1954—SIXTY-FOUR PAGES IN FIVE SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY KM
China Won'i Hit Formosa, Editors Told
Congress to Override
fi. B. HARRIS JR. • • . president
ED WISHCAMPER . . first vice president
GRAHAM MAN AT HELM
C-City Wins '55
MIDLAND, Aug. 14 — Colorado City won the 1955 convention of the West Texas Press Association, which elected Ed B. Harris, Jr. of Graham president for the coming year.
These actions highlighted closing sessions Saturday of the WTPA, which had been in annual convention at the Scharbauer Hotel here since Thursday night.
Colorado City not only copped next year's convention, but one of this year’s top press honors as well The Colorado City Record, with Roy Fox and Joe Bell as co-publishers and editors, won the West Texas Chamber of Commerce Community Service award for 1954.
The award was based on the Record’s promotion of a $200,000 bond election to pay for right of way for the U, S. 80 freeway through Mitchell County.
Runners-up for the award were
German Dirigible 1,86, Dies
FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany, Aug. 14 i^t—Dr, Hugo EUikener, whose dream of popularizing light-er-than-air craft for gid)ai travel vanished in the flaming explosion of the Zeppelin Hindenburg at Lakehurst, N. J. In 1937, died at his lakesida villa here today. He was 86.
The famed German scientist, who in 1929 circled the globe in the Graf Zeppelin in three weeks, succumbed to a heart ailment after a lingering ¡Unes*. His wife was at his bedside.
Dr. Eckener, whose greatest successes were achieved in the 1920s and early 30s, had lived in comparative obscurity since the end of World War II in a modest villa on the north shore of Lake Con-•tance.
At a rec'eption on his 85th birthday last August, the famed aeronautical engineer told reporters “it would be foolish to build new dirigibles—because it would be ver>’ much like a covered wagon trying to compete with a truck.’ *
He said the only future he saw In lighter-than-air craft was a novelty for millionaires “who want the wonderful experience of zeppelin flight.”
Eckener was bom at Fiensburg in Schlesweg-Holstem, the son of a tobacco dealer. He went into aviation after obtaining a doctorate of philtwophy at Leipzig University for studies in psychology. Afterward he worked as a reporter for the Frankfurter Zeitung.
the Stamford American and Tulia Herald.
Harris, W’ho succeeds Editor Bill Collyns of Midland, is a second generatitm president. His father wa.s WTPA president in 1936. The father and son operate the Graham Leader.
Other new officers are Ed Wish-camper, managing editor of The Abilene Reporter-News, first vice president; Fox, second vice president, and Mrs. Ben Oglesby of the Bronte Enterprise, secretary-trea-surer.
Wishcamper moved up from the second vice presidency. Mrs. Oglesby succeeds Mrs. June Jones of Hamlin.
New directors are Nev W’illiams of the Winkler County News. Ker-mit; Eldon Wade, Ja>ton Chronicle, and J. L. Werst, Jr., Big Lake Wildcat. Holdover dirfctors are Jetty Clare, Haskell ^ee-Press, and Dick Reavis, Coleman Demo-crat-Voice. '
Harris called the first meeting of the new board for Sunday, Sept. 12, at the Blue Bonnet Hotel in Sweetwater. The new year’s work will be planned there.
WTCC Hosts Breakfast The West Texas Chamber of Commerce waa host to its annual bre.akfast Saturday morning, when the community service award was made by Paul Marable, editor of West Texas Today.
Another breakfast highlight was a talk by Fred Hqsbapds of Abilene, executive vice president and general manager of the WTCC.
He outlined the history of Texas water laws and declared them inadequate and in need of revision. He pleaded for support of editors i in focusing public opinion of the state’s water problem, and legislative proposals expected to come before the Legislature in January, 1955.
“It has been said,” Husbands observed, “that all Texas needs is a little more water.
“The truth is the water w-e receive normally is enough, if we are smart enough to know how to use it.
“What are the consequences of no action on our water problem? 'Two major industries scheduled for the Dallas-Fort Worth area shelved their plans during Dallas’ water crisis,” he said. The penalty is stalemate if the state fails to inventory, administer and make full use of its water r«w>urces, he declared.
Other Saturday morning speakers were Mrs. Tess Martin Capped, society editor of the Midland Re-porter-Telegram; Roy Craig, publisher, Stamf(»*d American; and Charles Roberts, publisher, Andrews County News, Andrews.
MIDLAND, Aug. 14 - “I don’t think Red China is dumb enough to attack Formosa.”
Bill Barnard, chief of the Texas As.sociated Press Bureau at Dallas, gave that opinion to West Texas editors at the luncheon closing the annual West Texas Press Association convention here Saturday noon,
Barnard returned to Texas in March after four years in Korea and Japan. He was an AP correspondent in the Korean war and ! through the Panmunjom negotiations.
I “Those boys (the Chinese Nationalists on Formosa) are really ready,” Barnard explained. “There are 600,000 soldiers there who have just been doing nothing but training all these years. They are sort of like a football team that trains but never plays a game. They are ready to play.” 13th Air Force Ready Moreover, the 13th Air Force in Manila, and the U. S. Seventh Fleet stand guard over Formosa, Barnard added.
“The U. S. would resist the Chinese Reds in Formosa, because we can’t afford to lose Formosa.” Barnard thinks the big question in the Far East is not whether the Reds will attack Formosa, but whether Syngman Rhee w'ill restart the Korean war by marching north in Korea,
“Rhee has had one great thought for 40 j'ears,” Barnard related. “That’s to get control of the whole country. If there’s any way of getting us to help with it, that’s what he wants.”
Rhee said the U. S, military in the Far East is really worried about the prospect.
“Remember,” Barnard added, “Rhee promised to march. What will we do? We will either help or stand aside.
“And we promised the Chinese Reds at Panmunjom that if Rhee started the fight again, we would stand aside and let him fight. It isn't in the armistice we signed, but we made the promise^ We had to promise something. Rhee had just turned loose 27,000 anti-communist prisoners.”
House Sure To Approve Bill Monday
Eight Nations Plan SE Asia Defense Meef
WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 (ifL-The United States and seven other countries with a stake in Southeast Asia announced agreement today on a foreign ministers conference “to strengthen the fabric of peace” by weaving a united defense in the area.
The announcement came simultaneously in the capitals of all eight nations—the United States, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand. Thailand. Pakistan and the Philippines.
The meeting of foreign ministers was scheduled for Sept. 6 at Baguio, the Philippines’ summer capital. Its aim: “To consider measures to further their common objectives in the area.”
This is the sort of thing Secretary of State Dulles, who will represent the United States, has been suggesting since early this year.
A MIGHTY BIG BRIDGE—Hundreds of Sweetwater citizens and scores from throughout West Texas and from other parts of the state stood in a blazing sun or huddled in the shade of the huge abutments to see Sweetwater’s underpass dedicated Saturday. Small fry spectators got a top view of the ceremonies from the sidewalk
along First St. which also spans the underpass traffic lanes. Beyond railroad cars traffic can be seen flowing on Ave. A, also on the upper level of the structure. In the left background the south approach of the underpass leads into Highway 70. (Staff Photo by David Barros).
Hundreds Throng Underpass Party
To Enroll 3.500
By DAVE BRU.MBEAU j A. B. Lee. registrar at Hardin-Plans to register a tide of more Simmons University, is expecting
than 3.500 students in Abilene col leges have been announced by •chool officials.
The collegiate tide will begin moving into Abilene about Sept, 6 and continue through Sept. 17, when last of the fall classes open.
Increases in enrollment have been predicted by two of the three colleges. Abilene Christian College is expecting a record number of students this year.
approximately 1,400 regularly en rolled students.
“No one knows or can know how many we will have until registration is completed,” said Lee. “If it hadn’t been for the drought we could predict a slight increase over last fall. Four years of drought will probably mean our enrollment will be about what it was last fall.”
“There should be a slight in-
Return home of Korean veterans | crease in the number of Korean vet-
and larger high school graduating classes will be the deciding factor in the enrollment increases, the officials believe.
’Largest Student Body’
Abilene Christian College officials said ACC students this year “can expect to be members of fehf second largest student body in the history of tht college’’—if not the largest student body. The enrollment may reach the 1,700 mark and it appears safe to assume the enrollment will run between 1,630 and 1,700, according lo ACC statistics.
Th§ all-timt high was 1,689 M AfiC ki Hm ftU tf IMI-
erans, due to the policy of the armed services in releasing men three months in advance of the regular time provided they can show acceptance for admission by some school. We have provided such evidence for a number of fellows already,” Lee said.
Prospects a^ McMurry College are go^ for a 10 per cent increase in over-all student enrollment this fail according to Jerome Vannoy, registrar.
“Advance enrollment and aormi-tory reservations indicate that Mc-Murry's student body will number well above 600 this year,” Vannoy
McMurry’s enrollment last fall was 585.
Vannoy predicted college enrollments throughout the country will continue to show a gradual increase for the next several years because of larger high school grad uating classes and more students attending college on the Korean GI Bill of Rights.
Dorms Open Sept. 12
Dormitories for regular ACC students will be open Sept. 12. Freshmen in the lowest quarter of their high school graduating classes will take entrance tests at 9 a.m., Sept. 12. Other registration details will be handled Sept. 14-15.
Dormitories at H-SU will be open Sept, 12. Freshmen psychological and placement tests will be held Sept. 13. Entrance examinations will he held Sept. 13-14. Registration will be Sept. lS-16. H-SU classes will begin on Sept. 17.
McMurry’s schedule for registration begins Sept. 6 with the opening df dormitories. Freshmen orientation and registration will bt Sept. 7-9. Registration of sophomores. junicNTi and aeniora will be Sept. 10.
Claaata wfl bt bald Sept II.
By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer
SWEETWATER. Aug. 14 - A 27-year-dream for Sweetwater is now a reality.
Sweetwater residents turned out by the hundreds Saturday to see the dedication of a giant million-dollar underpass which connects the north and south sides of the town with four spacious traffic lanes.
Well-wishers from all over West Texas and dignitaries from the Texas Highway Department, Texas & Pacific Railway and Santa Fe Railway were on hand to join in the celebration.
E, H. Thornton, chairman of the Texas Highway Commission, kept a promise made three years ago — that he would come to the underpass dedication if he had to walk.
Plane Disabled *
Tb«*nton, main speaker for the occasion, said he didn’t know then how near he would come to having to fulfill that promise to the letter.
Scores <rf mirtorists immediately lined up to drive under the tracks, all blowing their horns and many circling blocks to take second and third turns through.
The immense structure is a monument to the co-operation of the City of Sweetwater, Texas Highway Department and the two railroads involved. The city provided the right-of-way. Highway Department and railroad engineers jointly designed the uiKierpass and di-
See DEDICATE. Pg. 8-A. Cols. 4-5
EasHand Ministsr . . .
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Oil News .........
eock to Coliogs . . . .
Condtd Cemmonf . . .
City Hall Boot.....
Collogo PothioRS . . .
Hollywood Boouty ..
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Sports . . ......
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Church, Rodio, TV ,.
History of Abilono . .
Polio Palienis Climb to 20
As he was about to bo^ a plane I a mulRr airport
in rtouston Friday accident disabled the plane. Thorn ton made fast connections with a Santa Fe train and arrived in Sweetwater at 4 a.m. Saturday.
Sute Highway Engineer. D. C. Greer, introduced by Sweetwater Mayor Don Smith, in turn presented Thornton.
The Sweetwater Mustang band gave a concert before the ceremonies began and after the dedication Sweetwater’s Chuck Wagon Gang served barbecue, beans, potato salad and iced tea to the hundreds of spectators.
Tablet In Underpass The mammoth railroad bridge spans over the underpass provided shade and curbs of the underpass lanes served as picnic tables.
Saturday’s big celebration was only the formal dedication. Sweetwater citizens had already staged an impromptu celebration Wednesday when the big overpass was fUist* thrown open th traffid.
Kent Commissioners Ignore Judge's Call
President to* Sign Tax Slash Monday
WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 W) -President Eisenhower will sign Uit $1,363,000,000 tax cut bill Monday.
The White H(hi8c anuuunced tOr day Republican congressional leaders and top Treasury officials have been iovit^ to witneai the cera-
By OLETA PARKER Reporter-News Correspondent JAYTON, Aug. 14 — Same old story.
The fourth attempt to get the Kent County commissioners together Saturday morning in Jay-ton failed. Only members of the court present were County Judge John H. Montgomery and Commissioner W. R. Rodgers of Precinct 1. '
Still missing were the other three commissioners, Mark Cave, A. C. Cargile and Jim Wyatt.
The court has been split since records and equipment were moved from Clairemont to temporary quarters in Jayton the night of July 29. The move was made without knowledge of the commissioners and without official action on their part. It was made on the same day the mandate arrived from Eastland, declaring Jayton the county seat of Kent County.
The absent commissioners have met only one time since the split— Monday, Aug. 9, the regular meeting date for the court. They met In Clairemont claiming that was the only place they could meet until they had taken official action in moving titt courthouse to Jayton. They issued an order directing Sheriff Jim Montgomery to locate the missing records and return them to Clairemont so they CQuki be legally moved hack to Jayton. The court was recessed by the three commissioners until the record! were returned.
After conferring by telephcme with the state attorney general. Judge Montgomery sUted that the reeords could not legally be re
moved from the county seat, which is Jayton.
Two of the absent commissioners said Friday that their stand in the matter would have to be cleared by higher courts and hinted at possible action next week. “We think we are right, but if we are wrong we want to know it,“ they said. “We think it is a matter for the courts to decide.” the two added.
Judge Montgomery said Saturday that he thought publication of letters he had mailed to the commissioners and the letter the absent commissioners had sent to his office might clear up the issue in the minds of the people—at least those outside of Kent County. “To folks who don't know the background in this case it must teem kinda silly,” he said. He added that although it might sound like that to some people, the issue at stake “was definitely not just a kid's game of you come over here—no you come over here.”
The letter from Judge Montgomery to the Commissioners Court dated Aug. 11 and notifying the court of a called meeting to oe held in temporary office in Jayton at 10 a.m. Saturday Aug. 14 read as follows:
(1) Designate offices for all county officials in the county seat. (We now have six criminal cases filed in county court uid two pending which can he tried only in a designated county ceurt room. I also have an estate case and a guardianship case in probate court that
Bee KXNT, Pg. Cekt. M
Four patients were admitted Saturday to Hendrick Memorial Hospital’s polio ward.
'They raised to 20 the number of patients presently hospitalized in the ward.
Genva Gemstin of Albany, 23, daughter of Alvin B. Bemslin of Albany, admitted at 1:50 p.m.
Bill McDonald, 8, son of W. L. McDonald of Anson, admitted at 2:45 p.m.
Glenn Cluley, 26. of Sweetwater, who entered the ward at 8:50 p. m.
Mrs. Arthur Roddy. 30; of Colorado City, admitted at 9:25 p.m.
Cluley was transferred from Young Medical Center in Sweetwater. Mrs. Roddy came from Root Memorial Hospital in Colorado City.
Of the 20 patients, five are from Snyder. Snyder has had 12 polio cases reported this year, four <rf which were reported in about nine days.
'Two polio patients are in iron lungi at Hendrick. Twelve are convalescents and six are in the isolation ward.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 (3Sen-Knowland (R-Calif) told the Senate tonight he intends to tell President Eisenhower Monday that Congress wants enacted a law outlawing the Communist party.
Knowlzuid’s statement was made after Sen, Humphrey (D-Minn) told the Senate that there were rumors abroad that the House may attempt to “water down” or even kill a bill passed 85-0 by the Senate to outlaw the party.
Earlier House Republican Leader Haileck of Indiana said he will bring before the House Monday a new measure to accomplish the same purpose, redesigned to eliminate some administrati<Hi objections.
House passage is ccwisidered virtually certain.
The Senate passed unanimously Thursday a measure providing strict penalties for Communist party members committing any act to carry out party purposes. Measure Oppos^
President Eisenhower waa pictured today as opposing this bill because it would make “propaganda martyrs” of Reds. He was said to be planning to ask tht House to kill it.
In the light of Halleck’s announcement, iqjparently GOP leaders do not want to be put in the positicm of blocking House consid-eratiiMi of such a i»litically appealing measure, particularly after the Senate had voted unanimously for it. The Senate measure was sponsored by Democrats.
Halieck said in a statement that the Senate bill actually wwild succeed only in letting the party “out from under the law.”
To Amend BUI He said he would propose an amendment to the Senate version that “would in fact outlaw tha
See BILL, Pg. 4-A. Col. •
g. DEPAaTMENT OF COWMEBC« WRATHEB m BEAC ABILENE AND VICINITY -CMiUnu«<l hot Sunday and ttniparatim both daya star 10®. low 8u»-day ni*ht near 70. _
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS — partly cloudy anl hot Sunday and M«*-
^*WEST TEXAS — Claar to pa^ cloudy Sunday and Monday with a tow laolatcd tbundarahowara moaUy in Pa^ handle and Pecoa Vtllay wcatward; not much changa to temporature.
EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS— Clear to partly cloudy and warm Sunday nnd Monday wHh a tow hiolatod thnndor-■howcrs near ooaat.
TEMPERATURES _ „
0:30 ............ ii
10:30 ............ —
»2 ...... 11:30 —
•4 13:3® —
Htoh aad low lemperatitfw tor M honn Mided at ftl® p.m. 9® aad 7S.
High and low tomperaturen »mm data last year; t® mtd 74.
Suaaet laat night 7:1S p.m. Sunrine «»• day g:a3 a.m. Sunaet toaiitod 7s|4 pnk Rarometer readuig at f-.SO p.m. MM. Relatlvn humidity at tiM p.*. SI
Ike's Aid Request Slashed in Senate
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 If^—The j fered the amendiiient, ssid it was Senate passed by voice vote to- ^ designed to turn into a saving for night a foreign aid bill carrying , the American taxpayers a vast $2,790.824,816 or nearly 650 million ' amount of military equipment that dollars less than President Eisen- he said has been produced ftMr In-bower asked. dochina but not delivered becausa
A 200-mUlioo-dolUur cut was ^ the armistice there, made in military aid funds before Cnt FeugM
the bill was passed despite warn ings by administriki(m leaders of a continuing dangerous world lit-uatioa
Rol CaU Vote
Him slash, proposed by Sen. Maybank <D-SC), was approved by a roll call vote of 41-43, but the Senate later rejected an amendment by Sen. Long (D-La) to slice aniXher 200 miUioo dollars off military funds.
The bill passed by the Senate carries $l(ki.n9,184 less than the amount voted by the House in new funds to carry on the program U economic and military aid.
The differences b^ween die bUls passed by the Senate and House will have to be ironed out by a ccMiference committee before the appropriation measure can bt sent to the President.
Sen. MAyhank fl>4C). who tf-
The cut was vigorously opposed by Sen. Dirksen (R-IU), who told the Senate that Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman ef the Joiid Chiefs of Staff, had earnestly entreated the Appropriations Committee not to r^uce the military aid mwiey.
Sen. Long (D-La) jumped into the d^te on the side of Maybank. telling the Senate that “you've iF*t this thing loaded down With n>ore mimey than you can spend in two and a half yaars.”
As the bill was brought before tiie Senate by its AppriH^ristlons Committee, it carried $S,ilOja4.-816 in new funds tor the toreign economic and military tod pre* grams.
This was an increiMM al IB4.IM.* 816 over the amouat voted by Hi* Houee.