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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1962, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 9 a 01 82ND YEAR, NO. 59 ABILENE. TEXAS. TUESDAY MORNING. AUGUST 14. sVX3i GES IN TWO SECTIONS PAGE EDITOR'S NOTE Hal Woodward of Coleman is to- day's guest columnist while Katharyn Duff is on vacation. Woodward, an attorney and member of a longtime prom- inent West Texas family, is a member of the Texas High- way Commission. His topic: Highways. By HAL WOODWARD Recently there was called to my attention a map prepared by the Texas Highway Depart- ment in 1918. This .map had been pre- j pared un- Ider a direc- I live of the I L e g i s 1 a- j ture that the [Depart- e n t for- mulate a plan for the highway sys- tern of Tex- WOODWARD glowed with considerable accuracy, the high- way system which today exists in Texas. For example, a pro- posed highway was shown which accurately marks the proximate location of the pres- ent U. S. 80 I.H. 20 Route. Another was shown connecting Abilene with Anson (the pres- ent U. S. 83 and U. S. 277 still another connected Abilene with Albany (accom- plished by the present State Highway 351 and U. S. My home town of Coleman is con- nected to Abilene by U. S. 84 along a somewhat similar route shown on this early map. To the motorist who drives on today's paved all-weather highway network in the region, it is difficult to recall that a generation ago some of these highways were more imaginary than real. To anyone using the safe, smooth divided-lane Interstate Highway passing through Tay- lor County, it is hard to realize that there were days when many farmers had a profitable side business going by keeping a team of mules handy to pull motorists out of the mud at a price of (A few instances are known in which enterpris- ing [armors ol that day, by means of their own ingenuity, kepi sections of the road in a perpetual state of mud month after month. Some found this ac- tivity more profitable than farming.) The change in West Texas highways has been nothing short of amazing, keeping pace with the remarkable growth of the area. In the days of the "road-irrigating" farmers, Abi- lene had only about peo- ple 'according to the census of Now Abilene's population has climbed above the mark. In step with this growth has been the expansion of the highway system. Less than a decade after the Texas Highway Department was formed, there were only 84 miles of surfaced highways on the state-main- tained system in Taylor County. That was in 1926. Today there are some miles about half being U. S. and stale- numbered highways, and half being Farm-to-Markct roads. The records of the Highway De- partment reflect that some million has been spent for con- struction of highways in Taylor County while another mil- lion had gone for maintenance. These expenditures have re- culled in actual accomplishment of a program that was largely a dream when the Texas High- way Department was first formed in 1917. Ten men formed the entire staff of the Depart- ment when it opened offices in a wing of the State Capitol. The new agency was faced with the building of a state-wide organ- ization from the ground up. In the early days of its existence, the Department's most valu- able property was a state ot determination that sta- tistics, slide rule, pick, shovel, sweat, and purpose shouk' join Ihe unending distances of Texas with smooth, safe highways. These highways today are real, hut this was not accom- plished over niRht nor with the it takes lo tell about it. To- day whom great dicscl-driven 9908 XB 03 SJnvs _ jus. Rules Out Quick Tax Cut EN ROUTE TO MAKE BOND Billie Sal Estes, right, enters the second floor of Abilene's Post Office Building Monday, where he made bond on each of three federal indictments. Shown with him are his brother, Word Estes of Pecos left and Abilene attorney Allen Glenn, coming out of the elevator. Bond was posted in U.S. District Court. (Other picture, Pg. 1-B) (Staff Photo by Bob Bruce) Estes Posts Bond Here Billie Sol Estes, as Commodity Credit posted three bonds MondayjCorporation. He had been indicted earlier on federal and state charges WEATHER 3AV 3103 9908 X8 S31VS Auociattd Prut (ff) 2 Spacemen Might Land Ships Today Related stories, picture, Pg. 12-A U. 8. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU MOSCOW (AP) Russia's two newest astronauts slept peace- fully in space early Tuesday while [heir twin ships raced around the earth constantly setting mileage and orbital records, Tass re- ported. Unconfirmed reports said "the Falcon" or "the Golden or both, might land Tuesday. A Soviet informant said some- thing interesting would happen Tuesday afternoon (Moscow time is eight hours ahead of Eastern Standard but he refused to elaborate. About that time, both astronauts might be in posi- tion to descend. (Sir Bernard Lovell, director of Britain's Jodrell Bank radio tele- scope, told reporters "I would not be surprised if both men came down in one craft and left the other craft in orbit. We believe either the spacemen now are both ogether or are extremely close o each "The Maj. Andrian (Weather map, pane 4-A) me i-aicun, ITIQJ. mnniau ABILENE AND VICINITY iRadius 4o Nikolayev, 32, made his 40th orbit iSPLZ 'SSKmS at in n m thp Tass routs) raruy cinuay ana ctmunuen mild with a chance for widely scattered at 10 p.m. Moscow time, .the Tass mild wiln a chance for widely scattered tu lu p.m. musty w imic, .uic IOM showers Tuesday ami Wednesday- High ronnrtpH That wnnir Tuesday 95, low Tuesday nisht 75, high HCWS agCtlCy reported. 1H81 WOUIO in Abilene on a three-count indict ment returned by a special fed n eral grand jury in Dallas Friday.iby grand juries in El Paso, Am- day ss-ioa. The three property bonds, filed Wednesday, the upper 90's. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy to clear Tuesday and Wednesday. Chance of few late thundershowers mainly lar west. High Tuesday 92-99. NORTHEAST TEXAS: Clear to cloudy Tuesday and Wednesday. High Tuesday 93-100. SOUTHWEST TEXAS: Clear to cloudy hot Tuesday anil Wednesday o uesay ai scattered late thundershowers. High Tues in U. S. District Court, were sign ed by Estes' father. John L. Es- tes o'f Clyde, and his uncle, Dr. Sol B. Estes of Abilene. They were not with him. Accompanying the Pecos pro- moter before Court Clerk Gladys Walls were Abilene attorneys Al- len Glenn and Jack Bryant and a Brother, Word Estes of Pecos. Estes arrived at the U. S. Post Office Building at p.m. He went to the U. S. marshal's office, where Marshal Robert Nash of Fort Worth arrested him. served him with the indictments and fin- gerprinted him. Nash was assisted by Deputy Marshal Dick Bagby of Dallas. Estes spent about 10 minutes Nash and Bagby. then went to Ihe court clerk's office to bond. He left about p.m. A grand jury in Dallas voted a three count indictment accusing the Pecos man of making false statements to the Agriculture De. arillo and Pecos. He currently is the subject of investigations in Washington by Senate and House1 committees. Estes made no effort to avoid reporters who awaited him at the single entrance to the local build- ing which is being remodeled. He never smiled, however, as he has on past appearances. Meanwhile, Robert Earl Clem- ents Sr., 67, indicted by the fed- era! grand jury in a related case, surrendered in Dallas and posted Clements was indicted onj charges of interstate transporta- tion of forged securities. Clements once owned Superior Manufacturing Co. of Amarillo, High p.m.: TEMPERATURES a.m. Mon. p m 88 90 89 88 fifi 81 '8 76 9-00 75 and low for 24-hours ending and 73 low date last year: 'High and Sunset last night: sunrise, today: sunset tonigst: Baromtter reading at 9 p.m.: 28.22. Humidity at 9 p.m. 70 per cent. is mortgages some of the which Estes is charged in other cases with man- ipulating fraudulently. Clements was a co-founder of the depression era Townsend plan for old-age pensions. 8 Appointments Okayed by Board Abilene Board of Education Monday night approved eight ad- ministrative appointments to be- come effective for the 1962-63 school year. The appointments will see two cachers elevated to administra- tive duties and the transfer of six administrators to new assign- ments. The new administrators are Harold Wicker, a teacher at Bon- lam Elementary, promoted to the principalship at Milam Elemcn- ary, and Roger Bauornfcind, a teacher at Madison Jr. High, pro- moted to assistant principal at that school. A. G. Craver, principal at Jones Elementary, took a step upward principalship of Jefferson Junior High School. Also promoted was Preston Parker, assistant principal at AI.EX KDWARDS new Creckett principal Parker, assistant principal a Oom who serv Madison Junior High, as princi High during Ed for the pa8' six years, was ap- pointed elementary supervisor for grades 4, 5 and 6. Hix succeeds Maurinc Mays, who resigned. Alex Edwards, assistant princi- pal at Abilene High, who has been on military leave with Ihe 490th Civil Affairs Co. for Ihe past year, is being transferred to wards' absence, will be rctalnc; fM WOODWARD, Ft. II-A, Col. 3Ihe principalship at Crockett be about miles piled up since his Vostok HI blasted off Saturday morning. "The Golden code name for Lt. Col. Pavel Popovich, 31 at about the same time com- jleted his 24th trip around the planet, making about miles covered since his Vostok IV was aunched Sunday. He was be- lieved to be still somewhere the vicinity of Vostok III. Both had far outstripped the GAS GRENADES rises after tear gas grenades were fired by West German police near East German water-throwing truck in this scene near Wilhelmstrasse in Berlin Monday. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Berlin) Berliners Attack Communist Wall By CARL HARTMAN BERLIN Berliners' pent-up hatred of the year-old Communist wall poured out Mon- day night in a scries of violent protest demonstrations. They in- strations in the Bernauerstrasse area There, he said, about people, he said, is too severe, West Berlin demonstrators had economic But, Proposed Budget Given School Board Abilene Public School patrons .'ill pay the same tax rate for the 1962-63 school year as that of the ast year, if the Board of Educa- ion stamps its okay on a tenta- ive budget submitted Monday night by school administrators. Superintendent of Schools A. E. Wells and his budgetary staff did some juggling of the books to give a surplus of some in rev- enues over proposed expenditures or the new fiscal year beginning Sept. 1. Revenues for the proposed 1962- i3 budget total and ex- penditures amount to This compares to in mdgeted revenues and n expenditures for the 1961 62 term. Wells proposed that 3 per cent of the tax rate be transferred rom the debt fund requirements .o the salary and operation fund, leaving the same tax rate. The new division of the tax rate would appropriate 87 cents to sal- ary and operation and 41 cents to interest and sinking fund. Public hearing on the proposed bud get, which represents an in crease of approximately over the 1961-62 budget, will be held at 4 p.m. Monday in the board room at the Public Schools Administration building. Increased revenue from local, state and federal sources will off- set the increase in the hoped would be a quiet observ- ance of the first anniversary of the Red wall turned into near: chaos that lasted until late evening. Screaming, cursing crowds of West Berliners, blocked by West police from approaching the wall, found other outlets for their anger. Hurling stones and beer bottles, --i-i---- plulcsl UCI1JU113L1 aLlull.3. best Soviet space effort and had cluded attacks against Soviet ve covered distances beyond that to hicles and tne barrjcade itself, the moon. The distance to the moon ranges from to miles. The space men had their eve- ning meal and radioed the control center they felt fine. Both reported Monday morning they awoke refreshed from a night's sleep. It was the second night's sleep in space for Niko- layev. They said all controls were functioning, and were determined to carry their mission to a suc- cessful conclusion. Moscow radio said they had breakfast and took setting-up exercises. Neither reported any discom- ort from the peculiar condition of weightlessness encountered on all space flights. Maj. Gherman S. Titov, whose 17-orbital flight a year ago has now been exceeded, complained at times of a sort of seasickness during weightlessness. There was a flurry of excite- ment among correspondents in Moscow Monday when rumors cir- culated that the two space men were about to head for a landing. But the two wheeled on over the Soviet Union and a Russian source He Promises Later Action If Necessary By RAYMOND .1. CROWLEY WASHINGTON Kennedy turned thumbs down Monday night on a quick tax cut and reaffirmed his goal of a mul- tibillion-dollar reduction to be- come effective next Jan. 1. But he pledged to call Congress into special session and ask for immediate action if an economic crisis should develop later this year. There is no sign now of any such crisis, the President told the people via television and radio from the White House. Kennedy said there is an "ab- sence of a clear and present dan- ger" to the economy and thus a quickie tax cut "could neither be justified nor enacted." He recited economic data, and pointed to charts, to show that :he economy is moving "there is every -reason for confi- dence by the American people in the American system." He renewed his pledge to ask Congress next year for a massive reform of the American tax sys- tem with substantial income tax rate reductions as part of the overhaul. This plan, including all-bracket cuts in individual and corporate rates and rooting out of inequities would, he said, place billions of dollars to the hands of consumer) and businessmen. And this, in turn, would create new jobs and expand the American economy, he reasoned. The present bite on the Ameri- tacked his men with stones. ihe said, immediate tax reduction lis a weapon that should be "fired IIS a umi aiivuuj Reporters on the spot said jn emergency." To pro- stones appeared to be aimed one at this time, he said, the demonstrators at the Eastjwould needlessly undercut confi- c e c What West Berlin officials Berlul beyond the wall. Berlin police cars were lined up between the demonstrators and the wall and got some of the stones too, whether they As for the permanent reform measure he proposes for next year, he said leaders of Senate and House, plus Rep. meant for them or not. Nearby, at Wilhelmstrasse, a group of demonstrators attacked the wall with paving blocks. Driv en off by West Berin police, thej marched eastward along Koch Wilbur were; Mills, D-Ark., chairman of the tax writing House Ways and Means Committee, have assured him of speedy action in 1963. made no mention of the at- ill with paving blocks. Driv- Of gen. Harry F. Byrd, D- by West Berin police, theyjVa_ powerful chairman of the they smashed the windows of ajstrasse, parallel to the wall and Russian bus returning soldicrsiabout 100 yards away, the Senate Finance Committee, who See TAXES, Pg. 11-A, Col. I declared: "They are not coming down today." in his post at A1IS. Other transfers announced the board by Supt, A. E. W were B. Q. Smith from princi- pal of Locust Elementary to Jones Elementary, and F. Fitzgornlri from principal nt Milam to Jack- son Elementary, which is opening I this fall for the first time. budget, Wells told the hoard. In other business Monday night to the board amended the 1961 budget, set new school boundaries for Jackson, Bowie. Austin, Jones. Milam and Taylor Elcmen tary schools, hired 20 new teach- ers, and accepted the resignation DM BUIMJKT. Pi. II-A. CM. 1 i' Light Rain Is Recorded Abilene's 100 degree plus tem- peratures appeared to have sub- sided, at least for the next few days, Monday when the mercury went only as high as 91 degrees under cloudy skies. Weathermen forecast more ol the same for Tuesday and Wednesday with the high Tuesday around 95, and the high Wednes day in the upper 90's. Rain measuring .02 inch was re- corded at Municipal Airport Mon day. and Dyess AFB weather sta tion reported a trace. In the area Eastland got a trace of rain about mid-afternoon and .10 was recorded at Hawlcy about the same time. Tuesday's forecast is for partly cloudy and continued mild with a chance (or widely scattered show ers. The rain at Municipal Alrpor brought the year's total to inches, more than two Inches above the normal rom IN SENATE duty at the Soviet War Memorial in West Berlin. Two Soviet sedans were sur- ounded by youthful demon- trators who shouted "Pigs" and Dirty bums" at the Russian oc- upants, then tossed bottles at the chicles. West Berlin police freed the chicles and arrested at least one emonstrator. Other West Berlin crowds used le wall for target practice, scar- ing it with hundreds of paving locks. In the afternoon a protest pa- ade of West Berlin youths ouched off a battle of tear It rejected, 56 to 19. an amend- nd water cannon between East ment by Sen. Albert Gore, D- Satellite Bill Change Beaten WASHINGTON Sen- ate defeated Monday the first at- tempts by opponents to re- write the administration's com- munications satellite bill. us injuries. The car-stoning nd West police across the bar- icade. There were no reports of seri- ___ incidents oc- urred near Checkpoint Charlie. West Berlin police finally suc- eeded in breaking up the crowds s they banged on the Soviet cars nd shouted insults at the soldiers nside. Brig. Gen. Frederick 0. Hartcl, U.S. troop commander in Berlin, went to Checkpoint Charlie for a personal investigation of the at- acks on the Soviet cars. lie alkcd there with Erich Duensing, Vest Berlin police commissioner. Tenn.. to require the State De- partment to conduct or supervise all negotiations with foreign coun- tries and approve all agreements involving the proposed global satellite communications system. The bill would set up a private- ly owned, government-regulated corporation to operate the U.S. part of the system and allow it to conduct business negotiations with foreign countries and agen- cies with the State Department advising on foreign policy. The big issue will be decided Tuesday when the Senate votes bipartisan leadership pro- to invoke debate-limiting 'CSl I1CI lln JMIIII.L- Duensing told reporters he was cloture and end a filibuster that most concerned about the demon- has blocked final action on the NEWS INDEX SCCTION A 10 Oil MWI SICTION Okitmrin 2, 10, 11 WMMII'I Mm 1 4 t 10 10 V v TV fcmrt ht> ttrm MWI, nwriiMf measure. Opponents of the bill, battling for government ownership of the proposed communications corpor- ation, have offered doieiu ol amendments and these could re- quire days to dispose of even if cloture Is adopted. Sen. Robert S. Kerr, in a lengthy argument against the bill. he- State Department permits ft." Kerr said that all leading mem- bers of the Kennedy administra- ion were supporting the bill as it now is written. Kerr cited Russia's latest space feats as a strong argument for ending what he termed "the senseless filibuster now going on in the Senate." A brief flurry of excitement was set off when opponents of the bill demanded an investigation of what one of them called a charge of bribery. The incident subsided when Sen. Russell B. Long, D-La. said he was not offered any bribe by the American Telephone Telegraph Co. to support the administration bill. Texas Senators Split in Voting WASHINGTON (AP) Texai senators split Monday in the vote by which the Senate defeated the amendment by Sen. Albert Gore, D-Tenn.. seeking to specific authority to the State De- Gore amendment, said would the corpoiation to put voted tor the shackles about it so that It couldn't do anything when partment for foreign the communications in Democrat Ralph Republican John Towr TfM It. ;