Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 13, 1954, Abilene, Texas
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'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 55
AnotiaUsA Prm§ (AF)
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1954—TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c. SUNDAY 10c
SOUTH BE.ND, Ind.. Aug. 12 —Studebaker workers decided loday, by an overwhelming vote of better than eight to one. to take a pay cut rather than face a possible shutdown of the 102-year-old firm's huge plant.
The final, official count showed that members of the CIO United Automobile Workers Local voted 5.371 to 626 in favor of accepting the w'age reduction, estimated to average 14 per cent of the payroll Today’s vote, by secret ballot, reversed last week’s election when the workers rejected the pay cut proposal. The vote then, by show of hands, was termed “very close.
Two days later the company gave notice that it would end its contract with the union in 60 days and indicated the plant would close down.
The pay cut plan was worked out by union officials in long negotiations with the company.
As the vote meeting got under way today on a high school football field there was scattered evidence
Senalor Owes Income Tax, Paper Says
WASHINGTON. Aug. 12 (¿P—The Washington Evening Star reported today that the Internal Revenue Service will soon present Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) with a claim for about $25,000 in income taxes and interest.
McCarthy called the newspaper story “a complete and vicious libel.”
In a statement recorded later for television, the Wisconsin senator added: “There is no indication from any one in Internal Revenue that I owe them one cent. There is the indication that they owe me a rebate for what I was overcharged by the old Truman administration.”
In Madison, W’is., Herbert D. Kuentz, director of the Income Tax Division of the State Tax Department, said appropriate action would be taken on the state level if it were found that McCarthy owed additional federal income taxes.
The Star said the claim resulted from an W months investigation and that revenue agents would place their evidence before McCarthy and ask him to explain data they do not understand.
It added that at least part of the money involved represented contributions “ranging from thousands of dollars down to pennies.” Asked to comment on the report, the Internal Revenue Service declined.
“The tax agents do not contend that Sen, McCarthy acted with fraudulent intent.” the Star said.
“Instead, they assert the Wisconsin legislator erroneously classified as nontaxable some of the money he received and on which he should have paid taxes."
of opposition to the pay cut proposal.
All the speeches made before the voting approved the proposal.
It even received a cautious endorsement from William Ogden, former vice president of the local who led the opposition when it was previously rejected.
Union officials who watched the opening of the voting machines on which the members balloted expressed extreme satisfaction with the result.
A firm of certified public accountants checked the machines.
Some of the workers carried placards bearing the slogan “We Want No Package Deals.” Opponents of the pay cut plan contended it included too much; that, in addition to the wage reductions, the company sought changes in work rules which would be detrimental to the workers.
A group seated in the bleachers shouted impatiently: “Let’s get this giveaway show started,”
An official of the Studebaker local opened the meeting with an explanation of negotiations that led to it.
He said Studebaker officials told the union three months ago it could not remain in bu.siness unless production costs were cut.
Part of these costs, he said, were attributed by the firm to its wage scales. Company officials have said the pay rate* are more than 30 cents an hour above the pattern for the automotive industry.
The union official said meetings then were held with Walter P. Reuther, president of the CIO-UAW and other national officers. Out of these came the recommendations to accept reductions in hourly pay.
METEORS PUT ON FREE SHOW OVER ABILENE
Abilenian’s who happen outside their home between the hours of 12:30 and 2 Friday, Saturday or Sunday mornings will have a chance to witness the premier of “Falling Meteors” on the wide screen of the sky.
During that time the Earth will be passing through a belt of meteors somewhere in outer space. Abilenian’s can watch falling meteors dip earthward at the rate of about one per minute.
This event takes place every year and can be seen in the galaxy family of Tegasus, or in plain laymen’s language, in the northeastern portion of the sky.
Best results can be obtained with high-powered field glasses. And admission is free.
Senate Approves Bill To Outlaw Red Party
Primary Vole Recount Set In El Paso
EL PASO, Aug. 12 i,4V-Dist. Judge D. E. Mulcahy today ordered a complete recount of El Paso County’s July 24 primary vote after a partial recount showed an 80-vote error in one precinct.
The Precinct 9 tally sheet had given Gov, Allan Shivers 29 votes, but a recheck gave him 109.
The retabulation that resulted in the gain for Shivers had been started at the request of supporters of U.S. Rep. Ken Regan. Official totals had given J. E. Rutherford, Regan’s opponent, a 149-vote majority in the primary. Rutherford polled 25,213 and Regan 25,064.
Pair Held in Knox Jail After Trying to Escape Patrolman
BENJAMIN. Aug. 12 — Two men who escaped from a highway patrolman 'Thursday and were ’.ater captured by law officers from four Central West Texas counties are being held in the Knox County jail at Benjamin for investigation.
A highway patrol spokesman said Thursday evening that one of the men, Luther Boulton, is wanted on felony swindle charges in Shamrock and San Antonio. He said that a check is being made on the pair with California authorities.
Officers are also investigating to see if they are the men who forced a Cooke County woman to prepare a meal for them Tuesday afternoon.
Boulton and Robert J. Welk, both about 35, escaped from Highway Patrolman B. G. Jones of Seymour after he had stopped their car about six and a half miles east of Benjamin for speeding early Thursday morning. The car carried Ohio tags.
Rum lot« Break*
Jones took a gun from one of the men and ordered them to return to Benjamin, Jones said they attempted to escape by turning at
the Gilliland Highway and then abandoning their car about a mile down the read. The men ran to the Wichita River breaks.
The patrolman radioed for help and 11 officers from Haskell, Baylor, King and Knox Counties rushed to the scene to assist Jones.
The pair was captured about 10 a.m. by the law officers.
California tags were found in the abandoned auto, a late model Cadillac, and papers in the car showed it belonged to a rental car firm in California.
Mrs. Lawrence Sicking, who lives three miles north of Valley View on the Spring Creek Road in Cooke County, said she returned to her home Tuesday afternoon and found two men in her house.
She was held at gun point and forced to cook a meal for the men. She said they left in a car bearing California tags and warned her not to notify officers.
Her husband was working in a field, out of sight of the house, at the time of the incident.
She said she was not harmed by the men.
Vote Overrides Administration .
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12 (AP)—The Senate broke away from the administration’s anit-Red program tonight and passed, 85-0, a bill outlawing the Communist party.
It approved and sent to the House legislation making persons who wilfully join or remain members of the Communist party and commit any act designed to carry out Communist party purposes subject to penalties of up to five years in jail and a $10,000 fine.
Both Atty. Gen. Brownell and FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover have opposed outlawing the Communist party at this time. Brownell argued it would undermine present internal security laws. Hoover said it would serve to drive the Reds underground.
The measure also would make it illegal for any Communist party member to hold office in a labor union.
It was put forward by Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) and 18 other Democratic senators as a substitute for an administration-backed measure of Sen. Butler (R-Md) aimed at denying government sanction to Communist-dominated labor unions.
Substitute Used Butler’s bill, in a modified form, w'as hooked on to Humphrey’s substitute as an amendment before the legislation was passed.
About a dozen anti-Communi.st bills have been recommended to Congress by Brownell, with President Eisenhower’s backing, but legisla-
TOO CLOSE FOR CO.MFORT—J. B. Barrett, 66, of 317 Beech St., escaped from this stalled auto without serious injury Thursday afternoon just before it was struck by a west-bound Texas & Pacific freight train. The accident occurred at the Shelton St. crossing. Barrett was treated at Hendrick Memorial Hospital for shock and attendants Thursday night said he was “doing just fine.” Standing off to the side is Patrolman Martin C. Farris who helped investigate the mishap. (Staff Photo)
Panel Laujds Governor; Foe Hits-Man’ Rule
Economic Cheeks of Notion Glow Heolthfully, Ike Soys
WASHINGTON. Aug. 12 m-President Eisenhower, in an unusual summer report on the economic health of the nation, said today that “the over-all performance of the American economy during this administration has been better than during any earlier time,”
“The paramount fact about the economy at midyear is that the recent decline in economic activity has come to a halt.” he said.
Eisenhower’s report was rosy except for noting that some industries, groups and communities had been hurt by the decline which began last summer. It was an obvious reply to Democratic critics in this election year who have been saying the Republicans are leading the country into depression.
'The report, unusual for t|iis time of year, took the form of a statement to the public. The President’s annual economic report was sent to Congress early this year.
Today’s statement amounted to adopting the Democratic slogan of two years ago: “You never had it §0 good.”
Sen. Kennedy <D-Mass) whose state has a high rate of unemployment. didn’t agree. He said: "Over-all statistics, no matter how favorably interpreted, do not reveal the difficulties which certain sections of the country have suffered from the decline of economic activity.”
Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich>, whose ear-making constituency has also been hit by unemployment, said ht thoughL “The President'a eeti-
mate is true.”
“Of course," Ferguson added. “There still are sore spots, but they are limited in size. This report is evidence to me that even these spots are on the upturn and in the near future will disappear.” Sen. Payne (R-Me) said: “I concur wholeheartedly in the assessment and statement of the situation made by the President.”
Sen. Douglas (D-III) remarked, "Let the real facts speak for themselves.”
The White House said the ma-
Killed in Wreck
Maye Bell Taylor of Haskell, sister of Dr. Floyd Taylor, 818 Legett Dr., was injured in an automobile accident Thursday morning near Somerset, Ky. It was reported the auto overturiMd on wet pavement.
A Mrs. Hill, a passenger in Miss Taylor’s car. was killed.
Miss Taylor suffered a brdken vertebra in her back.
The pair was on their way to I.K)uisvil»e, Ky. from North Carolina to visit friends.
Miss Taylor, a graduate of Har* din-Simmons University, had recently returned to the United States from Brazil where ihe was a Baptist mlMioiiary.
terial in the report came from presidential economic and financial advisers throughout the government. Press Secretary James C. Hagerty said the main contributors were the Commerce, Labor and Treasury departments and the President’s Council of Economic Advisers.
Eisenhower also tossed a bouquet to Congress, saying;
"The economic program being enacted by the present Congress marks a milestone in constructive legislation.
"It will help to reduce unemployment and to stimulate enterprise and developments in all directions.”
Noting that unemployment "is now greater than during the time of the Korean War,” the President said that In recent months it has not been any larger than during comparable months in 1949 and 1950.
His figures showed that 5.1 per cent of the civilian labor force was unemployed last month, as compared with 2.4 per cent in July, 1953, per cent in July. 1952, 2.9 per cent in 1951, 5 i^r cent in 1^ and 6.4 per cent in 1949.
Moreover, he added, the rate of unemployment has shown "some tendency to diminish of late." He called this "one of numerous signs of economic improvement” and listed these others:
"Retail sales have recently been rising again.
"Business expenditures on capita! expansion and improvement art continuing at a high rate.
DALLAS, Aug. 12 (Jh—Gov. Allan Shivers was praised tonight by a panel made up mainly of school experts for his contributions to Texas education.
The panel discussion took place at a Dallas television station (WFAAl, where Shivers* opponent, Ralph Yarborough, completed a vote appeal of the same type only an hour before. The last of the Yarborough supporters were just leaving as the vanguard of the Shivers aides arrived.
The two candidates did not meet.
Appearing with Shivers in a setting grouped around a coffee table in a home-like atmosphere were Sen. A. M. Aikin Jr., Paris, one of the authors of the Gilmer-Aikin school laws; Dr. Edwin L. Rippy, president of the Dallas school board; Ruel Walker, Cleburne, lawyer and chairman of the state Commission on Higher Education; W. T. Hanes, Cameron school superintendent; and Mrs. Leon Price, president of the Texas P-TA.
All threw away previously prepared statements and the campaign discussion dropped into informality.
Shivers guided the talk and stressed his belief local school boards should run the schools. This he tied in with the recent U.S. Supreme Court ruling banning segregation in public schools. He said the Supreme Court ruled, in effect, that Texas no longer could control local schools on the local level.
Said the governor, “Personally I don’t even want them (the schools) run from Austin, much less Washington.”
He said a main reason the state participated in financing schools was to provide equal facilities for poor areas.
All those w’ho spoke up struck at the Supreme Court ruling desegregating the public schools. Most said Negroes preferred segregated schools.
"Personally, I don’t believe it is going to work to mix Negro and white children in public schools,” Shivers said.
Yarborough said tonight re-election of Ciov. Allan Shivers would result in "one-man rule such as we’ve never had in our history.”
A new governor, he said, customarily fills about a third of the appointive positions in state government. A governw named to his second term thus will have named two-thirds of the appointees, he declared, "and one elected to an unprecedented third term will be naming them all.”
In a television - WFAA-TY) panel discussion with five state senators. Yarborough illustrated his points with charts, one of which depicted a third-term governor as an octopus whose tentacle* clasped the
whole government machinery.
The Austin attorney brought his runoff campaign against Shivers to Dellas tonight after winding up a rigorous campaign through West Texas and the Panhandle. This afternoon he paid a brief visit to his father, Dick Yarborough, 89. ill at Tyler.
On the panel with him tonight were Senators Wayne Wagonseller, Bowie; Warren McDonald, Tyler; Doyle Willis. Fort Worth; A. J, Rogers, Childress, and Kilmer Corbin, Lubbock. "We are all supporting you. Judge.” said Willis. Yar
borough is a former district judge.
Yarborough said the so-called "insurance mess” is “one of the worst examples of abuse of power in the history of this state” and attributed it to Shivers’ “long tenure in office.”
In a conciliatory gesture to conservative Democrats and those who backed Eisenhower in 1952, the candidate said:
“There are thousands of Democrats who voted for Eisenhower in 1952 but that doesn’t mean they have quit the Democratic party. I welcome them back.
ENDS WESTEX TOUR
tion to outlaw the Communist party was not amon^ them.
On the contrary, Sen. Margaret Chase Smith (R-Maine) old the Senate today that irownell had used stalling tactics to bottle up in committee a bill she had introduced to outlaw the Communist party.
In a confused parliamentary situation, n u m e r ous language change* were made in the hill originally offered by Butler before and after it wa* written into the Humphrey measure as an amendment.
Similarly, Humphrey accepted several last-minute changes in his own bill just before final passage.
One change, proposed by Sen. Co<H)er <R-Ky), was to the section of Humphrey’s bill under which any one who became or remained a member of the Communist party would be subject to fine and im prisonment.
To this. Cooper added "and commit any act designed to carry into effect the purposes of such Communist party or organization."
Merger of the Humphrey and Butler bills was advocated ny Majority Leader Knowland of California.
The time has come to "face up”
Yarborough Soys Shivers Spurns Debate Invitation
Ralph Yarborough concluded his barn-storming tour of West Texas Thursday with speeches at Ballinger, Coleman and Brownwood.
The Austin attorney was about 45 minutes late in arriving at his first stop. Ballinger. He got to the Runnels county seat at 10 a.m. by plane from Odessa.
In his speech on the courthouse lawn Yarborough listed four occasions where he and Shiver* had been invited to appear on the same platform and each of the four times Shivers had declined to be present.
Yarborough pointed out that he was willing to meet Shivers in a traditional Lincoln-Douglas debate.
Approximately 200 person* turn ed out at Ballinger to hear his speech and shake hands with the Austin judge.
1,080 at Colemaa
Arriving at Coleman at 11 a.m. Yarborough immediately wrat to the courthouse lawn where he spoke to about 1,000 persons.
Here he again attacked Gov. Shivers connections with the Times Publishing Co. in Mission.
The governor should "explain whether or not” he still holds an interest in the printing firm, declared Yarborough.
Yarborough repeated his accusation that the Mission firm has been awarded thousands of dollars in state printing contracts, that Shiv-
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ers has an interest in the firm, and that this is illegal.
Shivers’ supporters have said: 1. Shivers has held no stock in the firm since becoming governor; 2. The firm got only 1.1 per cent of state printing contracts in 1953, and 3. It would have been unlawful not to award those contracts to the Times Publishing Co. because the firm was the lowest bidder.
Testimony Quoted Yarborough said; "In your sworn testimony in the land fraud cases . . . you said, in Sept. 1952, that
Mercury Hovers At 100 in State
. By THE ASSOCUTED PRESS
A weak cool front that was earlier reported heading for the Texas Panhandle failed to materialize Thursday and temperatures stayed just where they had been Wednesday—near 100 degree*.
The front was hanging stationary over northern Oklahoma and eastern Colorado, and the Weather Bureau said that it wasn’t expected to move much farther south.
Seymour had the highest temperature in the state, 108 degrees. Presidio had 107, Cotulla 104, Alice 103, Mineral Wells, Childress, Texarkana, Wichita Falls and Junction, 102. Fort Worth had 101.
Victoria, Austin and Dallas had 100
Marfa and Galveston shared the day’s low reading, 90 degrees.
Skies were clear to partl^ cloudy. El Paso and Marfa reported distant thunderheads.
The Weather Bureau said there was a possibility of isolated showers in West Texas Friday.
Joe Cook was working for you. and Joe Cook, on July 12, 1954 told all the newspapermen of Texas that you were associated with him in the publishing of the Times. That was Joe Cook, secretary-treasurer of the Times Publishing Co.
"You owe it to the people of Texas to explain whether or not Joe Cook told the newspaper publishers of Texas the truth on July 12, 1954."
Yarborough left Brownwood after speaking there and flew to Tyfer where his father, Dick Yarborough. 89. was reported to be seriously ill.
The candidate then flew to Dallas. where he appeared on a panel discussion over WFAA-TV.
AHIee Leaves For Red China
MOSCOW. Aug. 12 (Jt—Former Prime Minister Clement Attlee left for Red China today with his British Laborite group after telling Soviet leaders their definition of freedom differs sharply from the West’s.
to the outlaw issue, he told the Senate.
Butler's biU, as modified, would deny legal privileges to unions found by the Subversive Activities Control Board to be Red-influenced. Such unions would be unable to use the facilities of the National Labor Relations Board which, among other things, holds elections to determine whether a unitm shall b* collective bargaining agent for workers.
Humphrey said hisi outlaw measure would "cieate a firm basis in law for our efforts to curb ‘the cOTispiratorial attempts of the Communist party to undermine and destroy our democratic form oi government.”
Sen. Daniel <D-Tex) offered the substance of the Butler bill as an amendment to Huinphrey‘s measure, adding the terms "Communist-action and Communist-front” to the original “Communist • infiltrated” language.
4-H Club Bucket Brigade Battles Lueders Biaze
LUEDERS, Aug. 13—Youngster* in 4-H Clubs got a chmce to play fireman here 'Thursday aftemooa when the Lueders Baptist Encampment had its ftrst fire in its 32-year history.
The enflamed structure was a temporary hoepital buikling owned by Hendrick Memorial Hospital of Abilene.
The 4-H members formed a bucket brigade from the fire to a creek and carried water in line buckets to the blaze until a fire truck arrived from Lueders and put out the flames.
The Rev. J. Henry Littleton, recently retired as the district Baptist missionary, estimated that damage probably would run around $300 or $400. Most of tba fire was confined to the building's inUN'ior.
Cause of the biaze apparently was from faulty wiring in tha
The Rev. Littleton, now actinf as manager of the camp, recalled that it was the first fire the can^» has ever had.
Roof Worker Suffers Burns
Billy Edwin Barr, 18, of Route 2, Clyde, received burns on his feet and hands Thursday while working with a crew pouring hot asphalt on a roof.
He was admitted at 4:30 p.m. at Hendrick Memorial Hospital. A report on his condition was not available.
Barr is a son of Mr. and Mrs, Lloyd Barr of Clyde. He is em-pl<^ed by C«itral Roofing and Material Co. oi AbUent.
II. s. OErXBTMENT OT «MOtBBOl wEATHEE arasAC
ABILENE AND VICINITY -CmtimH •d fair aad hot rriday and Satordajr. Low tamparaturo Eriday aisht 7T. atgli balil daya naar 100.
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