Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas
MEH ®he Abilene Reporter SUNDAY
fOL. LX1V, NO. 57
A TEXAS 2—U, NEWSPAPERWITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETO I YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES/’-BvronABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING. AUGUST 13, 1944 FORTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Pm (An___turned p,n> iv.P.,PRICE FIVE CENTSAllies Hurl Air Might at Southern France; Invasion Falk Rises
U. S. Leaders Go to Rome to Join Churchill
ROME, Aug. 12—(AP)—Allied air might was thrown against the southern ap-^'oaches to Hitler’s crumbling j European fortress today for the second time within 24 hours, with 750 U. S. heavy | bombers scouring German military defenses along the ^cithern coast of France.
There was a feeling among the public that momentous developments in the Mediterranean were Impending as high American military figures arrived to join Prime Minister Churchill, who already is in Rome. The arrival of Church- ( ill alone was interpreted by Pope to, organ of the Christian Democrat party, as a sign of the importance of the Italian ^theater of war "may assume in the near future.” I
It, was announced that Robert P Patterson, undersecretary of war, and Lt. Gen. Brehon B Somervell, commander of U. S. Army j i^rvice Forces, had arrived to in-1 gpecfc military installations in the Mediterranean theater.
Secrecy Veils Yank Surge
90TH CARRIED TEXAS FLAG INTO BATTLE OF FRANCE, VET TELLS Reds Widen italic Halt Rot mat
TEMPLE, Aug. 12—(TP)—The 90th I Kuhl was in two planeloads of Division proudly carried Governor wounded flown to McCloskey here Coke Stevenson's Texas flag into after being carried by air across the battle of France, a stocky. 30- the Atlantic. He fought in Fiance
year-old rifleman Tex., Pvt. Frank
from Taylor, 30 days before being demobilized awarded the Silver Star A. Kuhl, said by machinegun fire at St. Lo July 5
when he arrived at McCloskey gen-; oral hospital.
“And he won’t be ashamed of the division either,” added Kuhl.
The 90th, which trained at Camp Berkeley, Abilene, Tex., received the flag from the Texas governor while the division was stationed at Camp Dix.
On July 4 twenty of his bud dies were killed in the worst artillery barrage he ever saw, Kuhl said. He described his commanding officer, Caph Henry Boshausen of Marlin, Tex., as an officer “who couldn't be beat."
For crawling under a sheet of machinegun fire to give first aid
to two of hi? buddies and drag first.” he said. “When I killed
Pf.- him* nine others came out hoi-
them to safety In Normandy. Pie. .Kamrral,....
Vincent Gonzales, son of Ernesto Ray was shot through the shoul-
Gonzales of Rio Hondo. Tex., was dpr June 14 when his unit was attempting to take a hill from the
An 8" German shell which killed Germans,
two other men broke his left arm Other casualties included: Sgt
June 17. and Gonzales came back In yesterday's convoy.
Pvt. Ovid M. Ray, a Second Division casualty from Littlefield, Tex., told of capturing nine Germans while on a patrol in Normandy^
“A German was taking a bead on me and I got him
Ernest C. Hamm. Ferris, Tex., of the 82d Airborne Division, who after three days at Carentan was knocked out by malaria contracted in North Africa: Doil Moore. Glen Rose. Tex, hit by a sniper; and Staff Sgt. Gerald Davis, 90th Division. Sweetwater, Tex., hit July 5 near St. Georges.
Reds Widen Big Bulge in Nazis' Flank
Nazis Halt Retreat, Throw in Reserves
Allied concentration on such en-
FEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 12— (4*) President Roosevelt’s Pacific war
emv coastal targets as pin j t0ur a glance
and gun emplace-
July 13: Left Washington ac
companied by White House military advisors.
July 19: Arrived at Marine base.
San Diego, Calif.
July 20: Accepted fourth term
nomination in speech broadcast
merits s*Ions Hip French coast and the Italian Riviera coincided with a plastering of the southern French transportation nerve center of Toulouse by U. S. bombers
shuttling from Russian bases via _................
<BT.lv on the way home to Britain train In base!
Yesterday’s big attack along the j. M; Boardfd
coast by tactical units struck a section of France whose communications with the Rhone valley already were badly damaged b;. re- ■
-sated air raids.
** I or the first time medium Mitchell and Marauder bombers, Thunderbolts and RAF Spitfires blazed away over a long stretch of touthern France and for 40 miles of the neighboring Italian Riviera, singling out targets of Gorman defends.
The American Fortresses, homebound from Italian bases after shuttling from Britain to Russia, struck an air field five miles southwest cf Toulouse, London advices md.
FDR for Permanent Jap Defense
FDR CALENDAR ll NIPPON WORD NOT TO BE
TRUSTED, HE TELLS U. S.
cruiser for Pearl Harbor.
July 26: Arrived at Pearl Har
bor for military conferences and inspections.
Aug. 3: Visited a military base
Aug. 12: Makes radio address
from Bremerton Navy yard near Seattle. Wash.
Airmen Wreck TI Jap Planes
Airmen Strike to Block Reserves
G ENER A.L HEA DQU ARTERS. Southwest Pacific. Sunday, Aug. 13_(^»)_Porty-one Japanese planes were destroyed or damaged in an-, mw riA„rfc other vicious American attack on
CONDON. Aug. 12—^ Cjouds Halmahera island, southern guarder Allied ta ct ic a1 w a rpl®nes plu^8ed ian o[ the philippines, headquar-
into the K ° ‘U1!1 , todav ters announced today.
many s arms ^ Normandy today Thig fourth iarRe-scale attack on
?’hil*_P.0SS\^VuJ,? fir ruin! ond the important island resulted in the
heaviest aircraft bag yet at Halma-
bombers lashed at airfields and communication targets in northern
prince in an attempt to block off any enemy
forces coming relief.
Late in the day RAF Lancasters swooped upon the Bay of Biscay U-boat shelters at Boreaux—last good enemy base on the Atlantic b st—and La Pallice in a continuation of the anti-submarine offensive and Halifaxes bombed a fuel dump in the forest de Mont-Rich-ard, 60 miles from Le Mans.
Relentlessly hunting down Nazi shipping in the Bay of •liiscay. RAF coastal command bombers destroyed or damaged six vessels fleeing from Brittany ports where the Americans are closing in.
The enemy’s much hammered r Alway yards at Metz were pounded during the morning by Fortresses and Liberators.
hera, brought under comprehensive attack in late July.
Night patrols bombed the waterfront at Davao on Mindanao island, in the Philippines, during the night of August 10-11. The first raids on the Philippines since April, 1942, were made in three sucres*,ive night attacks on Davao airdromes, ending two days earlier.
During the raid on Halmahera and attacks on Vogelkop peninsula, Dutch New Guinea. Friday, four
1.000-ton freighter were sunk, a
3.000-ton freighter severely damaged and coastal shipping was hit
A week's bombing has cost the Japanese ten freighters sunk and ll freighters and ll coastal vessels damaged.
BREMERTON, Wash., Aug. 12—(AP)—President Roosevelt came home from a 15-day inspection of the Pacific war zone tonight to declare the United Nations must prepare permanent defenses against any future aggressions by the Japanese.
“The word and the honor of Japan cannot be trusted,
The President came into dock at this huge Navy yard about 4 p.m. (Pacific War Time), ending a war tour that began when he left the Marine base at San Diego, Calif.* on July 21—a day after his fourth-term nomixwUoa by
During his absence he visited Pearl Harbor, where hr conferred with the war chiefs of the Pacific, and inspected
military bases in the Aleutians,
Dc brought a laugh when he said he played honkey near Juneau. Alaska. long enough to sneak in three hours of fishing. I he result: one halibut and one flounder.
Permanent Pacific defenses must be obtained, Mr. Roosevelt said. to protect this hemisphere^ from Alaska to Chile. It Is Important, he added, that we have permanent bases nearer to Japan.
“We have no desire to ask for any possessions of the United Nations, he said, “but the United Nations who are working so well with us In the winning of the war will, I am confident, be glade to join with us in protection against aggression and in machinery to prevent aggression.
“With them and with their help, I am sure that wf can agree
completely so that Central and South American will be as -ate against attack from the South Pacific as North America is going to be from the North Pacific itself.’’
As for J a pail the President said:
“It is an unfortunate fart that years of proof must pass before we can trust Japan and before we can classify Japan as a member of the society of nations which seek permanent peace and whose
* The'president said that during his absence—he left Washington July
io_hp kept in close touch with developments in the capital on ail
war fronts. But he didn’U offer a
PLAYED DEAD TO STAY ALIVE — Wounded in the shoulder by a Jap hand grenade thrown into his foxhole during fighting on Guam, Cpl. Fred Hofmann Jr., 21, Hoboken. N. J., (above) feigned death from midnight to dawn.
MOSCOW. Aug. 12-(AP)
—The Russians’ big wedge into Hitler’s left flank developed into a serious breakthrough tonight northeast of Warsaw and Red army troops, exploiting their success, captured 350 settlements, drove within 27 miles of the East Prussian frontier and edged close to the communication centers of Lomza and Ostrow.
The victorious Red s r my crossed both the upper Bu* and Biehrza rivers—last two major obstacles before the southern border of East Prussia.
Swarms of infantry supported by waves of fighters, Stormoviks and medium bombers poured through the big opening toward the frontier.
Crossing the Bug river north of
Riedlce the Soviets liberated Mat-koventa, IO miles south of Ostrow.
West of Bialvstok across the Bie-brza the Russians captured Sokole,
27 miles from the East Prussian frontier and about nine miles southeast of Lomza In this area Marshal Konstantin K Rokossavsky’s right wing w’as in contact with Gen G. F. Zakharovs left wing forming a double force striking into the Germans flank.
* • •
In the north three other powerful Soviet armies tightened their trap, on possibly 300.000 German troops TRY BATTALION NEAR M
pinned against the Baltic sea. and one of these Red armies suddenly lashed out westward toward Liepaja. west Latvian port, and toward Memel, German seaport at the
... , , . . northern tip of German East Prus-
When a Jap jabbed him in the sia
leg with a rifle, Hofmann said
he “just lay there with my
eyes staring wide open.” He
is in a Navy hospital at Pearl
Harbor. (AP Wirephoto from
Torpedo Sinks Escort Vessel
Nazi Iron Hand Grips Slovakia
Britons Open Up On Robot Salvo
^LONDON, Aug. 12— — The
Germans fired a salvo of robots across the channel late tonight provoking a fierce coastal anti-air-1 craft barrage.
Base on Baker
7TH A AF HEADQUARTERS,
Central Pacific, Aug. IO—(Delayed)— (ZP) —Brig. Gen. Robert W. Douglas Jr.. commander of the 7th U. S. Army Air Force, disclosed today that Baker island, some 2,000 miles souhwest of Honolulu, has been an important American air base for almost a year.
* «• w
. f&S.' •
tv i ’'v" i
HITCHHIKER AHOY!—Astonished crewmen of a U. S. sub marine saw this hitchhiking seal when they opened the con ning tower after surfacing while on patrol in the Pacific. Wirephoto from Navy).
WASHINGTON. Aug. 12—UP— The destroyer escort Fiske was sunk by an enemy torpedo recently in the Atlantic, the Navy announced today.
The brief announcement gave no indication of where the Fiske was hit by the torpedo launched from a German U-boat.
Next of kin of all casualties aboard the vessel which was under command of Lt. John A.
( omit. 27, have been notified, the Navy said. Comly is listed as a survivor.
The Navy gave no indication of the number of casualties among the approximately 150 men aboard the Fiske.
The Fiske was built by the Consolidated Steel corporation at Orange, and was commissioned August 25, 1943. _
Five Alarm Fire At Coney Island
NEW YORK, Aug. 12— —A spectacular five-alarm fire broke out this afternoon in Luna park, storied and pictured amusement center at Coney island where some 800,000 persons had gone for relief from one of the hottest days of the year.
One person was reported injured. Morp than 40 pieces of fire apparatus, responding to two five-alarms, were sent to fight the flames, which fire officials said spread throughout the park.
LONDON, Aug. 12—UP) —German broadcasts today said Allied warships had tried to invade the harbor of Lorient, German submarine base on the south coast of Brittany which is under American siege.
The Germans declared the sea thrust was turned back.
guess on the war s end.
No word of politics entered his lojjjx>N, Aug. 12 —— Slova-speech, delivered from the fcase on kia partitioned victim of Adolf Hit-a gun mount of the destroy^ which ier s dream of empire, was placed brought him into the heard of this under martial law today in an ef-bustling Navy yard. His' visible f0rt to quell a rising revolt while
audience consisted of sallow. Navy Germany s Balkan wall showed arinouncement that 71 German officers and workers who liked the sigils cf cracking under Red army dockside to hear the chief1 execu- pressure and the prospect of being tive’s first speech since he Accepted deserted by the Nazis, the Democratic renomination on
Berlin broadcasts said the German situation west of the Vistula river, IOO miles south of Warsaw where the Russians have established a great bridgehead pointed toward German Silesia 75 miles beyond, “still was grave." Moscow’s bulletin did not mention anv gains in that vital sector but said Soviet troops successfully repulsed German counterattacks by large Infantry and lank forces.
The Germans, threatened with a splitting of their front between Warsaw and Krakow in southern Poland, were putting up a furious fight on the sun-baked plains, realizing that a Soviet breakthrough here would find the Russians soon spilling Into Germany itself. The intensity of the fighting on all fronts was Indicated bv Moscow's
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sunday. Aug. 13—(AP)—The Allies, with official mystery cloaking the American swing around the left flank of lite half-encircled German Seventh army in northwestern France, pounded forward slowly at five points in the bulge between Mortain and Caon yesterday and American armor pushed toward southern France well below the Loire to the portentous accompaniment of bomb bursts on the Mediterranean roast.
One German salient six miles wide and four miles deep was rubhcd out by coordinated Rritish-Canadian drives below Caen.
The Germans, reversing their previous withdrawal tactics, hurled all available reinforcements into the Normandy bulge which American, British and Canadian troops were battering from the three sides.
The vast regions of France below the broad Loire river already had been penetrated by American ground forces which stabbed more than IO IL lies southward after liberating Nantes.
But lack of news concerning that front and on activity beyond Le Mans on the Paris road—a place which the Americans had passed four days previously—reached the proportions of a complete blackout. Dispatches from the front
were heavily censored, and at the late ni^ht headquarters
press conference there was no word of developments.
The speed, extent and objectives of the American drives
so befuddled the Germans that the Allies rigidly continued the four-day clampdown on fword of progress,
I announcing, “the situation must remain obscure purely for security reasons.”
It asked public patience “because on secrecy depends the success of the Allied plan and thr lives of American, British, Canadian and oother Allied soldiers-.”
On the remainder of the active front, the British driving four miles east of Thurv-Harcourt, reached Fresney - Le- V I e u x and linked up with Canadians who pushed down from Bretteville-sur-Laize. This gave the British control of the Caen-Thury highway.
The Canadians took the road Junction town of Barbery and ad-
Attack Rescues Lost Battalion'
Vt'ITH AN AMERICAN INFAN-
TAIN. France. Aug 12 (JP>—’This battalion was rescued this afternoon after being cut off by the Germans for five and one-half day? on an ear-shaped hill Just east of Mortain.
The Germans repeatedly had demanded that the battalion sui render, but at the blackest hour, on
Wednesday night, the captain in ...........................
command sent this message back to V;(nce(j a mije and a h’aif south-
tanks had Friday.
been wrecked during
He appeared tanned from jhis long sea voyages of recent days.I
Sailors and workers jatnmed the area before his ship to listen to his words. As he stood to speak, a cheer and apflause went up from the audient. He waved a return greeting.!
In his speech, Mr. Roosevelt went into detailed description pf the military installations he vfited in the Pacific.
He told of his military [confer ences in Honolulu with 'my old friend General Dougla pfacAr-
Transocean, German news agency, announced that martial law, the iron rule which the Germans used without avail in Yugoslavia, Poland and France, had been imposed on the doorstep country of Slovakia. It carries the death penalty for “revolutionary activities,” murder, robbery and sabotage.
The development there coincided with significant reports from various parts of the Balkans
A report from Belgrade, Yugo-thur,” and said he had participated clivia, relayed via Switzerland, said in “interesting and usefullconfer- that Flci Marshal Gen. Max ences accompanied by jdmiral Hail von Welchs, German command-Nimitz and my own chief if staff, er in chief in the Balkans, had been Admiral Leahy, and Genera Rich- wounded by a young Nazi lieuten-ardson, the commanding general of ant in 311 assassination attempt Army forces in the Hawaiian area, presumably part of the chaos expand Admiral Halsey, comm&der of * mg between the Nazi party and the
Robert Lee Dam Report Delayed
WASHINGTON, Aug 12 —(/Ti— Personnel problems and other factors probably will delay a final report on the Robert Leo dam project in Texas, for at least 30 days, the Bureau of Reclamation said today.
Further study by bureau engin
the crack SS troops surrounding
“I will surrender when every one of our bullets has bern fired and everv one of our bayonets is sticking in a German belly.”
The captain was R A. Kerley
He told about it tonight after a
relief regiment had cut its way to
the battalion's isolated position.
• • *
The captain stood gaunt and blackbearded against the wall of an old stable that now is the battalion command post and related his reply as calmly as lf he were repeating some casual street-corner con-• venation from his home town of I Houston. Texas.
An officer standing nearb said “You had a hell of a nerve to tell
"They had a hell of a nerve to put a proposition like that up to me,” replied Kerley with a grin
He and the survivors of the lost
ward to Bois Halbout.
These drives eliminated the German salient between the Laize and Orne river. Whether any sizable German forces were trapped iii the
area was not disclosed.
• • •
South of Vire the Americans recaptured Mortain. thus adding to the pressure on the Germans’ Vire salient, but progress beyond that bitterly contested point was slowed
See FRANCE, fg. II* Cot. 6
Firemen on Guard At Hotel to Seek Cause of Blazes
A fireman was on guard last night at the Hotel Hilton in an effort to determine causes of small fires
____ ... which broke out on the lith floor
battalion came down the hill this of the building three nights in a
afternoon after being relieved by the counterattack of two other infantry battalions, one of them com-
eers will be made a department of- manded by the colonel of this regi-ficial said, adding that "the situa- J ment, who since Monday morning
tion is still in too formative a state to rven indicate which way the wind is blowing” He said no recommendations have reached the office here.
had sweated in silent agony to free his trapped men.
Now thev are free and are holding another hill which is quiet, and they can rest.
the Third fleet.”
lf. S. DEPARTMENT OF C W HAT HER Bl REAP ABILENE ANH VK IMH (Generally fair Sunday and Mnnda'
WEST IEX AS <.e ne rail ftir Sun
day and Monday, exrept a lea widely Mattered late afternoon and] evening tliunderahoyy era from the Pe enstu ard.
FAST TEXAS: f,enera'lv f
terior, ronsiderable i Inudiney* coati Sunday and Monday.
In Intone the
Sat. - Frl. AM sn - 82
High and low temperatures US and 75. High and low I la‘t year. 102 and ll.
Sunset i**.t nieht: 8:26.
Sunrise this mornl <; 1,o2.i
Sunset tcntfht: 8:23.
97 96 96 91 88 8 t 82 81
From Istanbul came an apparently well-founded report that a group of Romanian party leaders under Puliu Maniu, peasant party chief, had formed a provisional government, seeking a way out of war.
This peace movement was being solidified, it was said, with the full knowledge of Premier-Marsha I Ion Antonesou, He was represented as unable to interfere. iThe British radio broadcast Friday night an unconfirmed Bern a:.-patch that An-tonescu had resigned)..
BRITISH CARRIER PLANES DRUB NORWEGIAN COAST
Lewis to Mexico
MEXICO CITY, Aug. 12 —(ZP)— Unicoi Leader John L. Lewis is expected to come to Mexico next month. He has been invited by the Confederation de Trabajadores de 1 Mexico, to strengthen ties between ! workers of the two countries.
LONDON, Aug. 12—(/PW In a lightning stab at Hitler’s dwindling Atlantic ports, carrier-borne planes of the British navy yesterday attacked shore installation* on a 75-mile stretch of the Norwegian coast southwest of Trondheim, the Admiralty disclosed today.
Submarine havens along this
allied aircraft July 16. 70 planes also smashing the quay* and barracks. The big warship, damaged seriously by British bombs April 3 but later reported repaired, was mooted under a cliff-side in Alton fjord and suffered only light damage
row, D, C. Musick, fire chief, said late Saturday.
The first fire. which caused damage in a storage room where two doors was burned off, occurred Thursday.
The second fire was Friday when a cushion in a chair was ignited, with possible cause given as a spark from the air conditioner, Chief Musick said.
And Saturday, a calendar on the wall caught fire, reason for which remains a complete mystery.
The fires, Musick said, were seemingly unrelated, and with reference to the wall fire, said it could not have been caused by wire because no electric wires were near.
The fireman on guard will re-i main throughout today, if neces-' sary, Musick said. So far no evi-; dence leads to a solution, unless I another fire occurs.
Two Ultimatums To Brest Troops
LONDON. Aile 12 ,T>—The Gar-
Yesterday's raid by planes Iron. j man <£££»*»
“German garrison at Brest now has
carrier flee, commanded bv Rear supply problem of Nazi U-boats Arirmra^Mc (^igo. ^^e^Alesun I received two ultimatums to sur
The admiralty I render.”
of I said aircraft
which were forced to flee from bases , ed on
at st. Nazaire and Lorient as the,and KrLsUansund—| The broadcast also said
result of the swift onslaught American forces in Brittany.
Simultaneously, the Norwegian government information nervier announced that the much-battered Nazi battleship Tirpitz was again attacked by
store-houses on an airtield at Gas- , warships have tried to enter the sen were heavily bombed and set haibor of Lorient. . .
.lire, and .six Measenchmltt 110-8 American .dvanc* were destroyed on the ground and Brest last C5atuida\ out na e a seventh damaged in the surprise countered stilf resistance from th* ralcj( v ' German garrison.