Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 12, 1954, Abilene, Texas
HOT®ije 0WIeneJ^ei)orter-i0etnsí MORiVllVG'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 54
Atêociated Pnm (AF)
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 12, 1954—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10«
JOHN MEETS PRESS
Nazis on Rise, Ex-Chief Says
BERLIN, Aug. 11 Communist East Germany presented Dr. Otto John to the world press today to tell 400 correspondents he defected from West Germany in order to fight revived Nazism and threats of a third world war.
The former West German security chief, healthy and in full command of himself, blasted Chancellor Konrad Adenauer’s government, the European Defense Communist and especially the United States.
Tonight the Bonn regime struck hack at John with a formal statement accusing him of being a traitor. It said he is “disseminating the usual Communist propaganda line and is acting treasonably against the West German Republic.”
West German Version
His dramatic appearance in the Soviet sector press center produced about the same effect a.s if J. Edgar Hoover would hold a similar conference in Red China, The office John headed for four years has been callpd the West German version of the FBI.
John related how he made up his mind finally on July 20, the 10th anniversary of the putsch against Hitler in which he participated, that the only thing for him to do in keeping with his political conscience was to go East and work for German unity there.
Of W’est Germany, he said; “The Nazis are back in power.”
Of the United States, he said:
“It is using the Bonn government, Britain and France as tools in a conspiracy that could lead to war which would be^a catastrophe for Germany.”
Public Deprived Of EDC he said: “It has secret codicils dealing with aggression against the East, and the German public is deprived of this knowledge.”
Of his old boss. Chancellor Adenauer, he said: He is “an old man, living in an ivory tower without any realization of what is going on around him.”
Of Adenauer's and the Bonn government’s insistence that John was lured or kidnaped by the East, he said: “That is a plain lie.”
John declared that on a recent trip to the United States where he conferred with Allen Dulles, head of the Central Intelligence Agency, “I gathered that out of the hysterical fear in the United Stat^ another war is being prepared and that the German people would suffer most from this war.”
In Wa.shington. CIA Chief Dulles said of John’s statement: “It’s the straight Communist party line. It’s sheer propaganda.”
John said of himself and his political views:
“I am not a Communist and I have never been one. The same voice that inspired me to oppose Hitler is inspiring me to oppose the Nazis and the war aims in the W'est now, I shall not engage in intelligence work here but will work only for German unity |md will write a book,”
The East zone regime made every effort to corral all foreign and West German journalists for what was a big propaganda victory. Dr. Wilhelm Girnus, head of the East’s “German Unity League” directed the show.
John answered any and all questions. Early nervousness soon disappeared and he was completely at ease after he read a prepared statement.
Sweelwafer’s Radar Station Bid Dates Set
SWEETWATER, Aug. 11 <RNS) —U. S, Corps of Engineers has announced tentative advertising and opening dates on bids for construction of a government radar station here.
Tentative advertising date for bids has been set for Aug. 27 with tentative opening date for Sept. 28.
Plans call for foundations, utilities and roads for 12 buildings with the buildings to be furnished by other parties.
Construction price will range from $100,000 to $500.000.
The radar station will be located at Sweetwater Municipal Airport on the west and northwest edge of the airport field. This is the former site of Avenger Field which was torn down after the war. Tliis location was first selected in February of this year.
U. S, Engineers have recently completed surveys and core tests at the proposed site.
After construction, the station will employ about 100 skilled persons.
Army Says McCarthy Wrong on FBI Report
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11 fAP)—The Army said today it does not believe Sen. McCarthy’s statement under oath— that an Army intelligence officer gave him extracts from a confidential FBI report on the security situation at Ft.
Monmouth, N.J. . . . -
The statement w^as made in response to inquiries from reporters as to progress of the Army’s investigation of the matter.
A written reply said:
“In answer to your inquiry regarding the progress of the Army’s investigation of the release of 2 1-4 page document to the Senate subcommittee:
“The Army has completed its investigation. The Army does not believe that the release of this document was committed by anyone who is,
or was, an officer of the Army. The Department of Justice has been informed.” McCarthy, after reading a copy of the Army statement, remarked to newsmen:
“I wouldn’t argue the point.” “The important thing,” he said, “is that it is a summary of a 15-page document from the Army’s files. It warned them about Communists and no action was taken on it.”
“The fact it was in the Army files is not questioned,” McCarthy added.
In response to an inquiry about
JUDGE TO TRY AGAIN
3 Kent Officials irn 3rd Call
JAYTON, Aug. 11. tRNS) -Third try at getting the Kent County commissioners together in a meeting in Jayton failed Wednesday afternoon.
Only one commissioner, W. R. Rodgers, Precinct 1, Jayton, showed up at the special meeting set at 4 p.m. by County Judge John H. Montgomery. Lacking a quorum, no business could be transacted. The judge is going to try again. “I'm calling another special meeting of the court at 10 a.m. Saturday in Jayton,” the judge said. “I’m hoping we can work out something by then.” he added. Meanwhile urgent business of the court goes begging. Monday, Aug. i, was the regular meeting date. Three of the commissioners — Mark Cave. Precinct 4; Jim Wyatt, Precinct 2; and A. C. Car-gile. Precinct 3 — met in the empty courthouse in Clairemont. stating that was the only place they could meet since they had never taken official action m the matter of designating a place for the courthouse and jail in the new county seat, Jayton.
Records* Return ‘Ordered’
The three voted Monday that they would designate a place for the courthouse and jail in Jayton when the records were returned to Clairemont so that they could be legally moved back to Jayton. They also ordered the sheriff, Jim Montgomery, to locate the records and return them to the courthouse in Clairemont.
(The sheriff received a copy of the order Wednesday.)
Th« three then recessed the court until the records were returned.
Meanwhile county officials, courthouse records and other equip-meni are housed in Jayton. They were moved there by a group of citizens on July 29, the day the mandate arrived declaring Jay-toB the county seat.
Wednesday’s special session was called by the judge while the court mu still in regular sesskm, Accord
ing to action of the three commissioners Monday.
Judge Montgomery and* County Attorney Dawson Bryant have been conferring with the state attorney general in Austin concerning the commissiwiers court problem.
the Army statement, Atty. Gen. Brownell sent out word to reporters: “We have received a report from the Army and are studying it.” Aides said the attorney general would have nothing further to say at this time.
McCarthy’s receipt of the extracts of the FBI report figured in the censure charges recently levelled against him in the Senate. That chamber has set up a special committee to study the accusations.
One of the charges, made by Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore), is that he “received and made use of confidential information unlawfully obtained” from executive department files. Morse and Sen. Ful-bright (D-Ark) charged that McCarthy openly invited and incited executive branch employes to “violate the law” by revealing to him classified information.
During Senate hearings on McCarthy’s row with Army officials, the Wisconsin senator sought unsuccessfully to put the document into the record.
Questioned about how he got It, McCarthy said from the witness chair that it was given him by an Army intelligence officer who was disturbed by what the officer regarded as failure of his superiors
See ARMY. Pg. 1-A, Col. 1
State ^Army' Sent To Boost Shivers
COLORADO CITV. Aug. 11 !
Ralph Yarborough said today a “vast army of state employes” | has been sent out to campaign over ^ the stale for Gov. Allan Shiveijs, hi.«- opponent in the runoff for governor.
“Most of these state employes are fine people, wlio would prefer lo stay on the job and not waste the taxpayers’ money by traveling over the state campaigning for my opponent,” Yarborough said in a speech for delivery on the steps of the Colorado City Civic House.
“But the political machine in charge of government in Texas is cracking the whip. When 1 am the governor, each state employe will be permitted to stay on the job and do the work we taxpayers are paying them to-do.”
Yarborough said Shivers’ mwe than five years in office as governor have allowed him to pack state boards and commissions and “sotjie of the misuses ... are becoming apparent."
“When the governor is slipping, his appointees and lackeys on boards, bureaus and commissions are rushed into print to scratch each other’s backs and brag on themselves and each other and my opponent,” aaid Yarborough.
•They claim they are all doing a better job any anybody else couW do.”
“Full-time, competent stale employes will not lose Iheir jobs because of this campaigning they are doing because I realize that they are doing it under duress and compulsion and have no desire to waste the taxpayers’ money in support of a political machine.”
Yarborough spoke in Brownfield and Lamesa and visited campaign workers in Big Spring before coming here.
GOP Wrecking Economy At Brownfield, he said the Republican administration in Washington was wrecking the economy of the South Plains and Texas by cutting farm parity prices.
Yarborough said he was in favor of full parity prices.
He also charged the Republican administration intervened in the Democratic primary with the visit to Texas by Sec. of Agriculture Ezra Benson on July 5. Yarborough said Benson supported Shivers in the first primary campaign. He said Shivers has more outside people intervening in the Texas Democratic primary now than ever before in the history of the state. He said that all are Republicans who are supporting the administration's farm program.
Tomofrow, Y a r b o rough will make a radio broadcast from Odessa, fly to Ballinger, Colman. Brownwood and maka another radio UJk tWAorrew ni^t At DaUai.
Injunction to Block Atomic Plant Strikes
Wolkout Stopped, Union Announces
OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Aug. 11 (AP>—U.S. Dist. Judge Robert L. Taylor tonight issued a Taft-Hartley injunction to block strikes scheduled tomorrow against key atomic plants at Oak Ridge and Paducah, Ky.
A union Official said, “That stops the strike”—-over a four-month-old wage dispute.
In an unusual night session of court at nearby Knoxville, Judge Taylor granted the injunction at the request of U.S. Asst. Atty. Gen. Warren E. Burger, who flew in from Washington tonight on orders from President Eisenhower.
MOTHER’S GRIEF — Mrs. Madeline Maurice holds the body of her 3 1-2 year old girl, Jannie, after she saw the tot struck and killed by a car in a parking lot in Los Angeles, Calif. As neighbors looked on in horror, the mother holds the girl while waiting for an ambulance. Jannie was dead on arrival at an emergency hospital. The driver was not held.
NOT ‘POLITICAL VICTORY'
Ike Hails Flexible Farm Plan as Boost to Economy
WASHINGTON. Aug, 11 '.f* -President Eisenhower hailed Senate passage of a flexible price support farm bill today not as a political victory but as another step to promote the welfare of farmers and a stable farm economy.
At a news conference that made a fa.st shift from farm to foreign policy, Eisenhower spoke out against breaking diplomatic relations with Russia and any idea of a “preventive war” against the Soviets.
He said, too, that conditions now are more hopeful in many parts of the world—Korea, Indochina, Iran, Egypt, Central America—so that the free world has “a better chance” to build up “a structure that will really be impervious to the Communist assault” of any kind. If this is done intelligently and effectively, the President said, he believes there will be no war.
On the home front, Eisenhower said figures on the nation’s economy at mid-year mostly are hopeful, too, and the White House will have a report on tliem in a day or so.
He spoke of that report at the start of the news conference, then added it would be strange if he didn’t mention some satisfaction about Senate action on the farm bill. But he said he wanted to make it clear that so far as he is concerned it was not in any way a partisan victory.
Gets System He Wants
The Senate action assured the chief executive of getting the system he wants, one under which farm price supports will be raised or lowered according to the supply of farm products.
There still are some things, Eisenhower said, that he hopes will be ironed out in a Senate-House conference on the bill.
It came out the President is working on what he called a little bit of a talk on the record Congress has made during his administration.
A reporter asked him to discuss the record Congress chalked up but Eisenhower said he was planning hie talk for some lime after Congress quits and didn’t want to plagiarize or cheat on himself.
The time and place lor the little talk was left uncertain.
Questions steered the news conference into the political arena twice.
The result was another plug for Clifford Case, Republican candidate for the Senate in New Jersey, and a crack that Eisenhower doesn’t know why members of the White House staff were saying he wae turning over in his mind a decision on whether to try for a second term in 1956.
Case has been under fire from some Republicans who objMt, among (^her ^ings, to his position on Sen. McCarthy <R-Wis). Case hat said that if he were elcted to the Senate he would support a move to strip McCarthy of bis t
chairmanship of the Senate Investigations subcommittee.
A reporter said that in the past Eisenhower has been criticized for saying he was obligated to support whatever Republicans a state nominated. In view of that, the President was asked, what is his answer to those New Jersey Republicans who have wired him indicating they would not support Case and would like White House help in getting Case out of the race?
Eisenhower said he hadn’t s^ the wire, and that frankly, like everybody else, he has made some generalizations that don’t stand up.
But he said he had stated before that he thought Case had had a very fine and satisfactory record as a House member, that he had found Case an honest and honorable man and therefore thinks he is the kind of candidate we ought to have.
Didn’t Have Any As for a recent statement by Eisenhower’s top assistant, Sherman Adams, that the President still is considering whether to run again in 1956, the chief executive said he wished Adams would give him whatever facts Adams has to go on. He said he didn’t have any Eisenhower chuckled a bit at the second term questiwi but also seemed to be a bit irked on the
subject. He said Adams or anyone else is free to speculate.
The news conference skipped around these additional subjects in question and answer style: Cabinet—This week’s Cabinet meeting will be an outing Friday at Camp David, the pre.sidenfial hideaway in the mountains near Thurmont, Md.
Federal Finances—The general outlook is for reduced incmne and reduced spending but Eisenhower said he couldn’t make any guesses now at what the budget deficit would be at the end of 1956.
Reserva Officers' Insurance Okayed
WASHINGTON —The Senate passed and sent to the White House Wednesday a bill under which reserve officers of the Army, Navy and Air Force would be covered by $10,000 free insurance while on active duty for 14 days or more.
CIO and company officials, ^ present at the court hearing, accepted immediate service of the order. Copies were to he mailed to Louisville for officials there. >
The T-H injunction provides for an 80-day cooling off period, dur-1 ing which an inquiry board con-1 tinues to function but workers are required to stay on the job. Management is barred from staging a lockout.
About 4,500 workers are involved, 3,500 of them in one plant here and nearly 1,000 at another in Paducah.
The strike had been called for 8 a m. by CIO atomic production workers in the two plants which produce this nation’s entire output of uranium-235—key component in hydrogen and atomic weapons.
President Eisenhower told his news conference this morning the atomic field is one in which the Kovemment cannot permit work stoppages. He pledged to use all his legal powers against a strike taking place.
The President invoked the Taft-Hartley law early last month in trying to stop a strike of the same workers. They went back to work voluntarily without an injunction. This left the government tooled up to meet the new strike threat, with the legal preliminaries out of the way and making it a simple step to ask for an 80-day injunc-tion.
The number of workers Is small but their work vitally important. They operate facilities for processing uranium to produce the material needed in making both A-bombs and H-bombs.
Woman, 101, No!’ Sick, Just Crippled
WACO, Tex., Aug. 11 (^The lOl-year-old widow of a Confederate veteran, Mrs. Martha Woodward, is in a hospital today for the first time in her life. She broke her hip yesterday in a fall at her home.
Said Mrs. Woodward: “I’m not sick. Just crippled."
Bloodstained Paddy Fields Finally Quiet
SAIGON, Indochina, Aug. 11 i/ñ— A strange and quiet peace came today to the bloodstained paddy fielcjs of Indochina.
It was strange because for nearly eight years gunfire had come from field and forest mowing down nearly 400,(WO men in an inconclusive war.
It was quiet because the war ended this morning almost without sound.
Quick precautions by Viet Nam police wiped out all vestige of any planned demonstration by partisans of both sides.
French Union and Vletminh commanders told their men in South Viet Nam to lay down their arms at 8 a.m. They did so far as reports received in this refugee jammed city of two million were concerned.
The day passed almost as any other day—a busy moming, a three-hour siesta beginning at nom and a thunderstorm just before dusk.
The last fight of the war took place last night at Pabinh Long, a village miles northwest of •Saigon. There was Vietminh harassing fire and the small garrison called for mortar support which was given.
That just about finished the war except for the paper work that goes along with the Geneva-arranged cease-fire which dividea Viet Nam at about the 17th parallel and causes a major shift in the non-Communists of North Viet Nam who now must find new home in the South.
Pursuing this paper work beyond these borders French Gen. Paul Ely, commander in chief and commissioner general, left by Air France at dusk for Pari* and a week of conferences with Premier Pierre Mendes-France.
Butane Blast Burns Worker
Earl Darby, 24. Rt. I. Abilene, received second and third degree burns of his hands, arms and face and a broken right arm about 4 p.m. Wednesday.
Darby, who is an employe of the Atlas Sand Co., was operating a butane sand-washing and drying machine when it exploded. Darby was burned and jumped into a pit about 25 feet deep to escape further burns. His arm was broken in the fall.
An attending physician laid Wednesday night that Darby’» condition was “fair.”
The accident occurred about 30 miles southwest of Abilene on U. S. Highway 277. An unidentified driver brought Darby to Abilene. Motorcycle Patrolman James E. Seabourn of the Abilene Police Department met the auto at 'North First St. and Mockingbird Lane and escorted it to Hendrick Memorial Hospital.
Communist' Element Favors Yarborough
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PORT ARTHUR, Aug. II Gov. Allan Shivers said tonight that people who have represented Communist dominated unions and who opposed the bill outlawing the Communist party in Texas are supporting his opponent. Ralph Yarborough, in the runoff race for governor.
Shivers said in a radio speech at a public rally that he considers Communism an issue in Texas but that Yarborough “thinks it’s silly to look under the bed,”
“My opponent does not have to look under the bed to find the people who are sponsoring, supporting and symaihizing with this Communist-launched war against Port Arthur.” said Shivers. “Thew people are right in bed with him.” The governor was leferring to a Port Arthur strike initiated last year by the Distributlig. Processing and Office Workers of America, a union later investigated and declared by the SUte IndaHrial Commission to be Communist dominated. Two oteer unions afaR were tagged as being under Red Influence.
I Groups of Lawyers
“In the manv court actions that have been necessary to stop the activities of these three unions, they have been represented by six separate groups of Texas attorney*. I am progd to report to you tonight that each and every one of these group* are now openly supporting my ^ponent for governor,” said Shivers, adding:
*T am not making any inference that these lawyers are Communists or that my opponent is a Commu
nist, I am sure that they are not but I think the people of Texas deserve to know what crowd they are running with.
“I think the people of Texas de-.serve to know that this crowd fought against the enactment by the Texas Legislature of a bill to outlaw the Communist party in Texas.
“I asked the Legislature to pass that bill at the special session last February, and it did so. There were seven dissenting votes in the House of Representatives. All seven members who voted against the Communist control bill are supporting my opponent in this election.”
Loeg Range Program
Shivers said the DPOWA strUie in Port Arthur was part of a l<Hig range program to organize all of the vital port and petroleum centers of Texas,
“Their goal was to tie up the entire Texas Gulf Coast with a strangling network of Red-dominated unions.” he told his listeners. “Had their plot suceeded, by the pushing of a single button In Moscow, the great imI refining and shipping centers of Texas could have been paralyzed.”
Shivers said that if the three unions to which he referred— DPOWA. Fur and Uather Workers, and Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers—had “succeeded in carrying out their master plan, they would have been entrenched clear acroas Texas, Port Arthur to El Paso, in ideal position to move against the crucial iiKliutrial. mineral and agricultural centers of our stati."
Rioting Brazitians Demanding Ouster
RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil, Aug. 11 'jW—Thousands of rioting Brazilians opposed to President Ge-lulio Vargas marched on the Chamber of Deputies today demanding his ouster. Police quelled without casualties the first violence in a six-day-old government crisis over the attempted assas* sination of an anti-Vargas editor.
Ri(Hing flared suddenly after worshippers streamed out of mass services at Candelaria Church for Maj. Ruben Vaz, popular air force officer killed in the murder attempt on editor Carlos Lacerda last Thursday.
Employes of the presidential palace have been implicated in tho assassination bid.
V. B. DErAST.«IKNT OF rOMMKaC'S WEATMKK BIUCAV
AB1LE.NE AND VICINITY — Fartl» cloudy. coBllauMl hot Ttiruaday uW Pri-<Uy. Low lemp»r»tur« Tliimdajr TT. Hlgii both day« near IQQ.
NORTH CKNTRAL TEXAS — Cleaf to partly cloudy Thuraday aad Friday.
WEST TEXAS — Clear to farUy cioudE Thuraday and Friday with widely eeat. tered ihundenUiowers mostly la Faahaa-dle and EJ Paso area
EAST AND SOITH CENTRAL TEX. AS — Ciaar lo pa-.^ 'toudy Thureday and Friday! act much chanfo ia tern-peratara.
Wed -A. M. 82
81 . .
• .-39 9:39 W:39 U;39 13:30
High aad low tamparaOim In- SI hauie e«dd at 9:39 p m.; 199 lai 7«.
High aad ww tempwatitn« mm» data laal yaar: 199 aad 79.
Suaaet laat nüM 7iM P.N. Saanaa today 9:99 a.m. SaawN toi^ T:W ».m, nCuoaietN raadias id 9:19 p.gi. M.U Ralattre huaMRy H 9;30 pot. SI pN