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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 10, 1974, Abilene, Texas rn mmSporter"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES''—Byron »4TH YEAR, NO. 54 PHONE 673-4271 ABILENE, TEXAS, 79604, SATURDAY MORNING, AUG. IO, 1974—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES IN FOUR SECTIONS Price 15 Cents Associated Pm* Ut) 'National Nightmare' Over. Ford Declares By FRANK CORMIER Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Gerald R. Ford took office as 38th President of the United States Friday, pronounced an end to •our long national nightmare,” then set about the business of shaping his administration. In swift succession he met with congressional leaders, with senior aides to the resigned Richard M. Nixon, with economic advisers, diplomats, and a group of personal associates who will counsel him on selecting a White House staff. A spokesman said Ford has asked Nixon’s key aides to remain on the job during the time of transition. Ford concluded his oath of office — “so help me God” — Nixon's Farewell Address, Pg. 2 Ford's Acceptance Speech, Pg. ID at 12:03 p.m. EDT. It was administered by Chief Justice Warren E. Burger in the East Room of the White House, before an audience of the leaders of American governmeni. Actually, Ford assumed the powers of the presidency 28 minutes earlier, when Nixon’s formal resignation was handed to secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. After repeating the oath. Ford stepped to the rostrum and. with simple but moving eloquence, addressed the American people with “just a little straight talk among friends.” He promised a government of openness and of candor, and a continuing quest for peace. He noted that he was not elected President and the American people “to confirm me as your President with your prayers.” Fords voice was firm. but broke for an instant as he spoke of Nixon, forced to resignation by the Watergate scandals: “May oui* former president, See FORD, Pg. IM, Cal. I Historian Feels Some Sadness Elicited by 2 Assassinations The torch passed Gerald R. Ford takes the oath of office as the 38th President of the United States in the East Room of the White House Friday. Mrs. Betty Ford looks on as Chief Justice Warren Burger administers the oath in the same room that only hours before Richard M. Nixon bid farewell to members of his staff. (AP Wirephoto) Nixon Pledges to Continue Peace Work Receives Rousing Cheer in California Bv STEPHEN FOX Associated Press Writer SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. I AP) — Richard M. Nixon was given a rousing welcome by about 4,000 persons when he returned home from Wallington Friday as a private citizen. He vowed to continue working for world peace. “Having completed one task does not mean that I am going to sit in this marvelous California sunshine and do nothing,” the former president told the enthusiastic crowd at El Toro Marine Corps Air Station. where In* and his family landed iii the presidential jet. Nixon was smiling broadly as he talked to the placard-waving, cheering crowd before getting in a .Marine helicopter arid flying to his San Clemente estate. “Over the next two years.” Nixon said, “I can assure you that in all the time that I have that can be useful I am going to continue to work for peace on all bases” and for “the opportunity for understanding among all people in Anteri- Some in the crowd sang “God Bless America.” while others shouted, “hip. hip hooray” and “we want Nixon.” The radiant homecoming was in contrast to a tearful farewell to his stuff earlier in the morning as Nixon left the White House. Then. Nixon said greatness comes not in hours of triumph but in times of knocks, disappointment, sadness. "Only if you’ve been in the deepest valley can you ever know how magnificent it is to be on the highest mountain,” Nixon said as the clock ran out on his b{2 years in the White House. Nixon was over rn id-America — central Missouri — at 12:03 p.m. EDT when PreM-dent Ford raised his hand for the oath. The formal side of relinquishing the position was a one-sentence letter to Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. “Dear Mr. Secretary,” it said. “I hereby resign the office of President of the United stater Sincerely, Richard M. Nixon.” The letter was officially received at 11:33 p.m. EDT and at that moment Richard Nixon was, in Harry T r u rn a n’s words, just “Mr. Citizen.” At Kl Toro, Nixon stressed his hope for peace. “The greatest privilege Pat and I have had is to have visited nearly every country in the world and you know the people there aren’t much different than you or I — they all have the same dream, the dream of peace.” he said. About 200 friends greeted Nixon, his wife and then-daughter and son-in-law Tri-cia and Edward Cox, at the helipad outside his villa here — which no longer will be called the Western White House. The Nixons went to then-home alone. The final trip was made in Air Force One. the official presidential plane that Nixon renamed “The Spirit of 76.” To his co-workers at the White House, Nixon said that when things go wrong, when a man suffers deteat, some think that all is ended. A distinguished Abilene historian said Friday morning that he views Richard Nixon's resignation from the presidency with the same sadness as that elicited by two presidential assassinations in his lifetime. Dr. Rupert Richardson, president-emeritus of Hardin-Simmons University, emphasized that he is in no way comparing the resignation to an assassination, but that the two actions are in the same class as “rn o rn e n t u o u s events.” Dr. Richardson remembers President William McKinley's death as a small boy. He said that Kennedy’s death “seems like yesterday.” THE SCHOLAR .also said that the resignation has probably provided the strongest test of the Constitution of any event in the document’s history. “And it’s been very successful.” Dr. Richardson said. “There has been no evidence of any violence (in the procedure). There has been acceptance of the law and the constitutional procedure.” Dr. Richardson said that “we can not tell” how Richard Nixon will be judged by history. ‘•I do think there will be a division of sentiments — there won t be a unity of opinion.” he said. “There’s not now and there won’t be in the years ahead.” Of new President Gerald Ford, Dr. Richardson said that even though he is assuming the office without election and through extraordinary circumstances, his support by the people will be not hull. “I DON'T think it will prove any serious handicap for Mr. Ford.” he said. “Of course, he does not have the prestige he would have had if elected, but I think people now want to judge him objectively .” President Ford will probably not exercise as much power as Nixon did, Dr. Richard sun said, partly because the resignation may temporarily lessen the power of the office. HE SAID. however, that the President will remain the strongest executive in the world. Dr. John Stevens, another noted historian and the president of Abilene Christian College. said he believes people See RICHARDSON, Pg. 12A. Cel. * Inside Todoy Connelly Pleads Innocent Former Treasury Secretary John Connally pleads innocent to charges of bribery, conspiracy and perjury in the milk money affair. Pg. 6A. General Motors, citing rising material and labor costs, announces price hikes averaging $480, or nearly IO per cent, on 1975 model cars and trucks. Pg. 7C Amusements IO, UA Astrograph . .....SB Bridie ........ ...... SB Church News .......2D Classified . 3-fD Comics......... .....4,7B Editorials...... .......4 A Farm........... ..... . BD Markets........ . .....4, 7C Obituaries........ ........BA Oil............ .......IBA Starts . ....... LSC Today in History ...... SB TV let...... . 10A TV Scout....... .....IBA Woman Newt 2, SB Presley Concert Sold Out Tickets to Elvis Presley’s Abilene concert scheduled for Od. 9 in Taylor County Coliseum sold out at noon Friday, Joe Cooley, coliseum manager, announced. A total of 8.536 tickets had been ordered at prices of $5. ST.50 and $10. Elvis is scheduled to give one concert at 8:30 p.m. on the mid-week date. Nolan County Gets Heavy Rains By School Board Tax Hike Tentatively Okayed A low pressure trough aloft in the upper atmosphere and some 36 to 40 miles northwest of Abilene was “pretty well played out” by nightfall Friday, the National Weather Service reported. Nolan, Fisher, Scurry, Jones and Mitchell counties were placed under a severe thunderstorm warning about 5:25 p.m. Friday because of the trough and heavy rains were reported in the Sweetwater-Roscue vicinity. However, by 8:30 p.m. the warning was cancelled and the hope for rain during the weekend stayed at 20 per cent for Abilene residents. Some marble-size hail was also reported in parts of Scurry county around Snyder. Rain seemed barely measurable in the area, however, as Abilene refolded a trace, Colorado City had .15 inch, Hermleigh received half an inch and Sweetwater reported .10 inch. The scattered showers combined with temperatures in the 80s and 90s to give most of the state a sultry atmosphere. During the afternoon, a line of thundershowers moved northward from Southeast Texas accompanied by gusty winds and small hail. The thunderstorm and showers were expected to continue along the upper Texas coast and between Houston and San Antonio, and west of the Pecos River. The eastern half of Texas remained cloudy to partly cloudy while most of the western half of the state enjoyed clear skies. By ANN FLORES Reporter-New s Staff Writer Tentatively endorsing a $16 million budget for the upcoming school veal* ,the Abilene School Board gave preliminary approval Friday to a five-cent tax increase. In their eighth summer budget work session, trustees also adopted an administrative pav scale which will put all of the district’s 70 administrators on a formal pay schedule and provide them with an average raise of about IO per cent. While approval of the administrative pay scale and tax increase wound up the board's item-by-item review of the budget proposed by Supt. Harold Brinson, formal approval cannot come until after a public hearing at 5:30 p.m. Thurs-da yin the administration building. Final approval of the budget. to take effect Sept. I, must come by Thursday under state law. THE TAX increase, it formally approved Thursday, will put the district’s tax rate at $1.55 per $100 valuation based on 55 per cent. School taxpayers are currently taxed at $1.50 per $100 valuation. Broken down, the five-cent tax increase incdludes a two- ^ * tent hike in the interest and sinking fund tax and a three-cent hike in the operations and maintenance fund rate. The tvvo-cent hike, built into the budget with which the board has been working all summer, is necessary for the district to keep up its payment on past bond issues, Brinson explained. That increase was recommended bv superintendent-emeritus A.E. Wells in July in one of his last presentations to the board. The remaining three-cent hike was approved by trustees Friday to offset an expected $85,023 deficit in the operations and maintenance lund out of which almost all school bills are paid. Preliminary approval of the administrative pay schedule will put all of the district's administrators on a formal pay scale for the first time. Only principals have been governed by a pay schedule in the past, while the salaries of central office administrators have been negotiable. BECAUSE MOST of the past salaries were negotiated and differ from individual to individual, the exact amount of raise per administrator will differ in going to the scale. Brinson pointed out. though, that the scale will provide an overall average raise of 9.78 per cent. Under the scale, the salary for each administrative job such as principal, coordinator, supervisor, etc. is a certain amount over the salary minimum required by the state. “They (salaries) are all above the state base,” Brinson said. “We’ll be paying everv-one at least five per cent above state but nobody abo va 12 per cent.” Brinson said adoption of the schedule will eliminate inequities in the salaries paid and will boost employe morale. The new superintendent said he would seek board approval See SCHOOL, Pg. ISA, Cal. I Brinson: Tax Hike Shouldn't Be Surprise By ANN FLORES Reporter-News Staff Writer The five-cent tax increase tentatively approved by the Abilene School Board should come as no surprise to taxpayers, Supt. Broid Brinson said Friday. “I feel like most people were prepared for some small increase, and we spent a lot of time trying to keep it low,” he said. TAXPAYERS ARE currently taxed at $1.50 per $100 valuation based on 55 per cent. It the increase receives final approval at a special session Thrusday night, the rate will go up to $1.55 per $100 valuation The five-cent increase is divided into a tvvo-cent raise in the interest and sinking fund tax and a three-cent hike rn the operations and maintenance fund rate Brinson explained that the twjjortmt hike is necessary for the district to meet its payments on past bond issues. He said voters were told before last October’s $6 million bond issue for new construction and air conditioning to expect a 10-cent increase in the interest and sinking fund tax. He‘indicated that another increase of about eight cents in the interest and sinking fund rate probably will be necessary next veur. Brinson said the additional three-cent increase, made necessary by Inflation. was in a sense anticipated by voters in April when a 30’eent increase in the maintenance tax ceiling had been 51.20. Voters authorized raising it to $1.50, and the three-cent hike approved F'riday will bring the maintnenace fund rate to $1.23. In the absence of emergency aid from % KT the stale, a five-cent increase is meager compared to what school officials had anticipated just weeks ago. Then, a tax hike of up to 20 cents was being considered when the apparent deficit in the upcoming year’s budget wa* $585,000. Trustees avoided the need for such a large tax hike bv transferring into next year’s budget $300,000 of unbudgeted federal funds due this school year and bv budgeting an additional $200,000 in federal impacted aid funds expected in the 1974-75 fiscal year. - We’ve managed to keep the tax increase low although we’ve had to transfer some out of our unappropriated balance (surplus) and we’re taking more of a risk on our 874 (impacted aid) funds,” Brinson said. 4    *A • x ;

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