Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 10, 1944, Abilene, Texas
See Columns 7 ond 8•President Roosevelt Confers in Honolulu With MacArthur and Nimitz
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EVENIIVRWITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES "-Byron
VOL. LXIV, NO. 54
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST IO, 1944-FOURTEEN PAGES
Associated Preu (AP)
United Prems (V P.j PRICE FIVE CENTS
.7,000 Japs Killed
U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Aug. IO.—(AP)—The virtual reconquest of Guam after .19 days’ fighting was announced last night.
* Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, Pacific commander, said in a communique that a final thrust Tuesday brought all of Guam into American hands again, except for a small area inland
from Pati point, the island s northeastern extremity.
__In the mopping . p on Guam the
'Silver Star to •Captain in 45th
Silver Star for gallantry in ac tson has been awarded Capt. James ai Dame C. Donaghey of the 180th infantry,
45th division, his wife, the former Doris Clonts, has been informed.
final pocket of ill-fed, ragged and battered Japanese was under continual aerial, naval and artillery fire. Patrolling warships and vigilant troops guarded against escape either by sea or land. The Nipponese, limited to small arms, had no heights from which to make a fin-
Citation recevied by Mrs. Do-naghev described the action near Aprilia, Italy, May 29. 1944. “When an enemy force of approximately two companies staged a counter-attack during the allied attack to-• w ard Rome. Captain Donaghey I New Guinea, Gen. Douglas Mac-skillfully led his company in driv- Arthur announced, the enemy toll ing 9ti the enemy who had pene- ^reached 7,007 known killed, with rebated friendly lines,’* according to ports ot an additional 1,072 slain the statement issued by the division during the developing American
Al Dopking, Associated .Press frontline correspondent, reported jungle trails wtre st-ewn with enemy dead, in addition to Americans and an unknown to-10,000 alr;ady buried by the tai by the Japanese themselves. On the Aitape battlefront of Brit-
Yanks May Be To Last Paris Defense Zone
SUPR EME HEADQUAR TE RS, Allied Expeditionary Force, Aug. IO.— (AP) — American armor was believed to be driving into the last 50-mile zone of defense for Paris today as Supreme headquarters announced formation of a revolutionary new airborne army—an announcement presaging new blows for victory.
The Germans themselves, confronted by a powerful 175-mile British-Canadian-American arc, called the fight a “battle for Paris/’
They had abandoned without a serious fight the key city of Le
__ Mans, 110 miles from the French
ON THE tt'JAl) TO PAKi^—American troops took Le Mans and Nantes, surrounded An- capital, apparently giving up all
gers and fought within the port of Brest while the Canadians reached the last hump of LeeaMgfm_Toura Une ^ncTtheir next
ground protecting Falaise, frontline dispatches reported today. Arrows indicate directions comparabie system of lateral com
Offensives in Pacific Planned
By HOW ARD FLIEGER HONOLULU. July 29. — (Delaycdf — (AP) — President Roosevelt concluded his first wir-time rcjoference with Gen. Douglas MacArthur today, bringing to a cloke three days of strategy talks that covered every phase of the quickening Pacific conflict.
The Southwest Pacific commander was greeted with a friendly "It’s good to see you, Doug." by the chief executive.
Mr. Roosevelt arrived July 26 at this fortress island, where two and a half years ago Japanese bombs blasted the United States into the war. He came here from the Marine base at San Diego, Calif., where he boarded a cruiser shortly after his July 20 speech accepting renomination for a fourth term.
With MacArthur at the Pearl Harbor conference table were Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Pacific fleet commander, and other topflight war chiefs representing the full scope of the Pacific campaign from pole to pole.
Later Mr. Roosevelt told reporters the meetings planned new offensives against toe Japanese, and he reiterated America's Pacific war goals: to retake and free the Philippines and to drive Japan to unconditional sui J ender.
The chief executive coupled with his conferences detailed visits to Pearl Harbor and other military installations, ronverted from the Japanese-wrought havoc of Dee. 7. 1911, into an island bristling with land, sea and air fighting power. He termed the conversion the "most amating change" he had ever seen.
Admiral Nimitt and General MacArthur—the latter wearing a leather field jacket—went aboard the president's ship to greet the chief executive as soon as he arrived at Pearl Harbor.
As the president and MacArthur came down the gangplank into a navy yard teeming with sailors and workers, the crowd applauded.
w "Advancing with his leading
* elements, Captain Donaghey struck the enemy with such force and aggressiveness that the penetrating forces were temporarily halted. After running ar toss a heavily shelled
0 area to bring tank fire to bear
on enemy strongpoints. Captain Donaghey formed his company and led the men in a vigorous and successful attack to drive back the enemy. Through personal example in
0 close combat and by gallant
leadership, Captain Donaghey inspired his company to inflict heavy casualties and repel a superior enemy force, and enabled friendly units to capture their objectives.
* "Captain Donaghcy's courage and exemplary leadership reflect the high traditions of the Army of the United States.”
The captain, 27, son of Mr. and % Mrs. M. B. Donaghey of Ada, Okla.,
* attended Bacone college in Bacone, Okla., and was graduated from Kalamazoo coll ege, Kalamazoo, Mich. He taught at Bacone college a year before being mobilized with the National Guard in 1940.
He was commissioned while the
* diviison Was at Ft. Sill and came with them to Barkeley. He went overseas last June and took part in invasion action in Sicily and Italy.
A siege of pneumonia put him a in the hospital for two and one half months early this year. He is now hospitalized in Italy for injuries received in a jeep wreck, his wife has been informed.
Mrs. Donaghey, daughter of Mrs. M. L. Clonts, 1034 North 18th, lives Jal 766 Amarillo with their two-year-old daughter, Janice Marie. The captain and his wife were married in Abilene in October 1941.
He has two brothers in service, 1st Lt. M. B. Donaghey who is with an infantry unit last heard
* from in England, and Cpl. Billy Jack Donaghey, with the signal corps in Italy.
The captain was earlier awarded the infantryman's badge for "em-emplary conduct in action.”
push east of Thsdriniumor river. Jungle-trained tanks, driving from the seacoast and inland, hat started a “process of systematic destruction" of the trapped Nipponese, a headquarters spokesman said.
Guam, third^conquest in the Marianas and the first recaptured American soil of the war, was invaded July 20. The promise that succeeding strikes would be swift was indicated after last month’s conference on "future operations” between Admiral Ernest J King, commander-in-chief of the U. S. fleet and Nimitz.
Tokyo had reason to fear ; moves against other Marianas islands, or in any of three directions against already-hammered objectives—the Bonin and Kazan groups, northward of the Marianas; the Falau-l’ap line, southwest, or the Halma-hera region west of New Guinea. McArthur announced a strafing raid against installations on Moro-tai, adjacent to recently-blasted Halmahera, stepladder to the Philippines; and another attack on Yap, recently reported "neutralized”, where no aerial or antiaircraft interception was encountered.
Bombing of a 2,000-ton freighter off Davao, Mindanao, brought the Philippines into his communique for the second time in 27 months.
Nimitz reported attacks on Wake, Nauru island and by-passed islets in the Marshall.
* * *
By The Associated Press
A Japanese propaganda broadcast boasted today that the fall of the Hankow-Canton railway stronghold of Hengyang was a “major disaster” for the American fqrces as well as the Chinese.
A T>omei transmission recorded by The Associated Press said that “Although Die city actually was g rrisoned by Shungking soldiers, its defense and desperate resistance offered during the past few weeks was entirely directed by Ame lean office.s.” This assertion was totally unconfirmed.
Chungking has rot yet officially acknowledged Hengyang's fall, but nothing further has been heard since five Chinese generals sent a farewell message Tuesday night after the enemy broke into the city.
Russians Carve New Chunks Out of Nazis' Baltic Flank
By DANIEL DE LUCE MOSCOW, Aug. 10-(Ab--Soviet tanks, supported by bombers, rumbled forward toward
U.S. DEPORTMENT OF COMMERC E WEATHER BUREAU
ABILENE AND VICINITY—Fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday.
A Maximum temperature last 24 hours. 08
Minimum temperature last 12 hours. 76.
EAST TEXAS Fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday.
WEST TEXAS: Fair this afternoon tonight and Friday, except a few widely scattered thundershowers from the Pe Arcs valley westward late this afternoon rand tonight and again late Friday afternoon. TEMPERATURES
Chapel Rites Friday For William D. Free
Idle in Strikes May Be 74,00
By the Associated Press
Between 58,000 and 74,000 workers were idle today on the nation’s troubled labor front, with President Roosevelt reported ready to act to end an eight-state trucking strike involving an Army-estimated 25,000 drivers.
Washington and industry sources indicated government intervention was probable in the strike, which has halted over-the-road shipments in at least eight midwest states.
The country’s next largest strike was at five plants of the Wright Aeronautical corporation in the Paterson, N. J., area, where company spokesmen estimated the number idle at more than 3,200, while union officials placed the figure at 20,000. Two Alen were injured, one stabbed with a screwdriver. in quarrels outside the plants.
Police Hunt Cow
Along with the usual requests to police to pick up runaway children, wanted criminals and the like came the plea last night to watch for a strayed cow.
The animal, which belongs to T. O. Sanders, 2010 Kirkwood, left home Tuesday night, he told police. She is described as a light colored jersey, wearing a halter with a short piece of rope.
Funeral services for William Dennis Free 57, who died of a heart attack Tuesday night, will be at IO
Horace W. Busby, Fort Worth, nationally-known evangelist of the Church of Christ, visited Wednesday night in the home of his brother, Dr. Joe E. Busby.
Evangelist Busby returned this
a. rn. Friday in Laughter chapel I morning to Sweetwater where he
the Latvian port of Liepaja today In a new drive that carved additional chunks out of the Nazi's Baltic flank.
At the same time Marshal Konstbntin K. Rokossovsky’s forces, despite the bitterest German resistance of the entire summer campaign, extended slowly but inexorably their Vistula river bridgehead below Warsaw, and exploded a troublesome Nazi salient northeast of the Polish capital.
Rokossovsky, held at bay within artillery shot of Warsaw, shoved the Germans back northwest of Siedlce, seeming-ingly in preparation for an offensive to by-pass Warsaw and head for East Prussia.
In the drive toward Liepaja, the Russians seized communications lines around Auee, 70 miles east of the Baltic port. Riga, an even greater prize, was the goal of another Russian column battling farther north.
The Red army seized more than 700 settlements yesterday, a Russian war bulletin said, killing more than 3,800 Nazis and knocking out or destroying more than 120 enemy tanks. It was the ninth straight day the Russians had recorded loss
Abilenians Answer Plea for Donors
Generous spirit of Abilenians was demonstrated today to attendants at Hendrick Memorial hospital as they were swamped with offers of blood donors for J. S. Whisenant, well-known resident who has been seriously ill there.
Telephone calls from locals offering to give transfusions began before 7 a. rn.—-as soc i as early-risers read a piea In the morning edition of The Report^r-News for donors, Ruth Guy, senior technician at the hospital said. The telephone was still busy to noon and many would-be donors called in person offering the Type 2 blood needed.
After transfusion were given hospital attendants said today Mr. WhLenant’s condition was very satisfactory and he would undergo surgery tomorrow.
of more than IOO tanks by the Germans.
The Germans were reported counterattacking savagely as the prospect of Red army invasion of East Prussia mounted hourly. The most frequent German thrusts were made at the advancing Soviet forces coming east of the border town of Schirwindt and northwest of Mariampofe, and along the flank of the widening Latvian corridor.
(German broadcasts said every able-bodied man and woman from 15 to 65 was drafted to dig trenches against the imminent entry of the Red army onto the "Holy” soil of East Prussia.)
Of all the sectors on the eastern front, however, the bulge beyond the Vistula apparently held the greatest terror for the Nazis. It has been eating like acid into the German defenses, and it extends painfully against German lateral roads and rail lines connecting Krakow and Warsaw.
In the fighting at the southern end of the front, the town of Skole was captured. The town is in the narrowing ( ar-pathian valley, where the road and railroad wind up to the beskid pass and the Czechoslovakian border 20 miles away.
munications ran from Or lens* northward through Chartres- approximately 50 miles from Paris.
The new ail-borne organization, consolidating all Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s parachutists, glider troops and necessary flying personnel Into one outfit approximate!* the sire of a full army, is headed by Lt. Gen. Lewis ll. B. Brereton, a veteran of the Pacific, Mediterranean and European theaters who formerly commanded the American Ninth Air force. This force with Its unprecedented striking power, was believed capable of delivering some of the most decisive strokes of the war.
Supreme headquarters wrapped in official mystery the actual whereabouts of the American spearheads which last were reported by the Germans to he probing points 87 miles from Paris, hut one qualified observer declared, “you can be pretty sure they are not just ramping outside Le Mans."
At the northern end of Die arr, however, the Germans were rushing troops southward across th. Seine, and had succeeded in erecting a new, but makeshift anti-tank r re n around the Canadian wedge driven 16 miles south of Caen to within five mil s of Falaise.
Lt. Gen. H. D. G. Crearar’s Canadian First army was finding the going harder, but it lunged out to the east toward Vimont and the road to Paris where Gen. Sir Bernard L Montgomery’s original push stalled tnree weeks ago.
(CBS said there were uneonfirm-ed reports that American troops had driven 50 miles beyond captured Le Mans—to a point 60 miles from
Relief of Italian City's People Aim Of Vatican Action
ROME Aug. IO.(TP)—The Vatican took .stops today to help the Allies relieve the d*esperate plight of the population of Florence while Canadian troops, aided by 250 Italian patriots, mopped up hostile fascist elements in the Allied-held southern portion of the city.
Transportation facilities to send flour and other necessities to the archbishop of Florence, Elia Della Costa, for distribution to a population suffering from food and water shortages was asked by the Vatican.
THE ROAD TO BERLIN
IRussian front; 322 miles measured from eastern suburbs of Warsaw).
2—Italian front: 603 miles (measured from Florence).
3—French front: 626 miles (measured from Soignolles).
with the Rev. J. O. Haymes, pastor of St. Paul Methodist church officiating. Burial will be in Cedar Hill cemetery.
Mr. Free, resident of Abilene since 1914. is survived by Ws wife; two sons, Dwight and Walker Mc-
81 so— I— 91 93
78 78— 2— 94 93
80 78— 3— 94 95
79 78— 4— 96 93 . .... . .
79 78— 5— 95 96 Donald Free of Abilene; a daugh-
77 7kZ 7Z os 94 ter’ Mrs- L. Summers, Hickman,
80 78— 8- 91 91 N. M.; two brothers, J. W. Free of
84 83 9— 84 88 Lancaster and H. J. Free of Tatum;
^7, aft/ll— ho 83 and two sisters, Mrs. A. N. Brown
92 91—12— 79 so 10f Childress and Mrs. Robinson
Sunrise this morning I'”1
Jpunset tonight ................... 8
is conducting a revival meeting. He will preach there each evening through Sunday.
Enlist in Navy
Sent from the local Navy remitting office yesterday to Dallas for
Abilenian's Nephew Now at McCloskey
Mrs. Bill Moore, 1249 Oak, has received word her nephew, Sgt. Leo Hill of Houston, was wounded in action in France July 9 and has
Vinson of Tatum.
formal enlistment into the Navy been brought back to McCloskey were Tommy Lee Stinnett of Gor- General hospital. Temple, man, Edmond Lindy Smith of Mer- , Sergeant Hill, 24, was injured kel and J. Lee Dillingham of Al- In both legs. He has been serving I bany. , with the Army Air Forces.
Four Years Ago
By the Associated Press AUG. IO, 1940—British bomb channel of Guernsey, recently seized by the Germans. Other objectives of British night bombers are seaplane base at Brest, oil tanks near Flushing and munitions factories at Cologne and Logwigshafen; British say Germans dropping "whistling” bombs intended to terrify those not killed.
Paris—and another unofficial and unconfirmed report that the Americans were only 40 miles from the French capital.)
Behind the moving battleline, American infantry and Armor, speeding the one-by-one reduction of Brittany's strategic ports, broke into Nantes, according to unofficial reports. Today’s official announcements only mentioned the reaching of that city 30 miles up the Loire river.
Both Angers, a city 80 miles up the Loire and just north of that river, and Lorient, German U-boat base on the south roast of Brittany were surrounded by American forces.
St. Malo, famous resort and fishing village, was captured, although today’s communique said a few Germans remained to be dealt with.
Brest, Freeh naval base at the western tip of Brittany, and most important prize in the peninsula, was under heavy attack by Americans fighting the remnants of three Nazi divisions who had refused to surrender. The Germans apparently were making desperate, and seemingly foolhardy attempts to evacuate both Brest and Lorient, as unofficial reports said German ships had risked Allied air force to enter the harbors.
COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF REVIEWS TROOPS - President Roosevelt devoted considerable time while in Hawaii to visiting and reviewing American soldiers, sailors and Marines who broke out in smiles as they looked up from their work to see the president of the United States being driven through military installations in a jeep.
With them and Nimitz In later conferences w-ere Admiral William F. Halsey, commander of the Third fleet, Lt. Gen. Robert C. Richardson, Jr., Central Pacific Army commander, and war chiefs representing the north, south and southwest Pantie theaters.
Mr Roosevelt termed his visit to the birthplace of the war a highly successful three days. Sea-tanned and smiling, he swapped almost an hour of questions and answers with Pacific war correspondents and White House reporters
"We are going back to the Philippines,’’ Mr Roosevelt said. "and MacArthur is going to be a part of the operation.” "You can't say," he smiled, "whether the general is going back directly or by way of North Africans he Is going back and we are going to give Die islands their independence.
Our goal still is unconditional surrender for all our enemies, he said. Whatever is required, he continued, we are going right through to clean up the Japanese.
The president visited virtually every military operation on the island—from an advanced training course In jungle fighting to the hospital cots of the wounded from Saipan and Die Marshalls. He reviewed the Seventh division, veterans of Attu, Kiska and Kwa-jalein.
He made seven brief talks in two da vs, frequently delivered to servicemen who looked up from their jobs in surprise to see the president of the United States rolling up in a jeep-escorted open touring car.
Mr. Roosevelt -his Panama hat and seersucker suits made conspicu-out among the military uniforms which surioundtd him—waved and nodded from his open car as he passed rows of soldiers, sailors, marines and service women.
Virtually all scars of the Japanese attack had disappeared from Die island long before the president put into Pearl Harbor, which he last visited IO years ago. In place of the wreckage were acres of fighting planes, tanks and other battle equipment. He saw sugar cane plantations of two years ago now converted Into forests of war equipment, and land reclaimed from the sea to become huge air base. ....
During his stay Mr. Roosevelt and his staff talked with Lt.
Millard F. Harmon who bossed Army operations throughout the Solomons; Vice Admiral < harles A. Lockwood, commander of submarine operations in the Pacific; Rear Admiral Charles A. Pownal!, commander of the Pacific fleet air arm. and many others.
The president appeared tremendously impressed bv the speedy development of all military functions on the island. He made several references to it both in his news conference and in brief talks
he made here and there. . . . __
Mr. Roosevelt said he asked General MacArthur to take gi et g.. from the chief executive to the men on the Pacific fighting fronts and to tell them we are going to bring them back as soon as the safety of
tt>e *d'rn »n= •'accompanied to Hawaii by White House mtlltarj
aides- Admiral William D. Leahy who is chiel of stall “ ‘he pimideriL Ma J. Gen. Edwin M. Watson, his military aide Rear Admiral Wilson Brown, naval aide. and Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, surgeon-general of the Navy and the president’s personal physician. .
Also in the group were Samuel I. Rosenman, special counsel to the esident and one of Mr. Roovevelt’s close personal advisors
piestaeni ana one oi .»ir. ------
Elmer Davis, director of the Office of War Information. Davis said he was not a member of the presidential pariy a°d expIa iiiedhe came to the Pacific to review DVM operations. However, he helped
handle press relations. ... _
Honolulu was alive with rumors—all of them J?*
closely guarded Navy compound where the president stayed would be the site of a medius with Prime Minister ChurehlU « <£££ issimo Chiang Kai Shek. Actually the whole affair was an American
hUMr1CRoosevelt said he will report to the nation on tnp““
his first war journey this year-bui gave no indication of a date.