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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas SAVE THIS PAPER! JVnd all papers and magazines. Monthly Collection Sunday Morning. WOL. LXIV, NO. 50 Ctje Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE    W    PREP    EXAC Ll AS f GOES. artt.itnf TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, AUQUST 6, 1944 -THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS •Byron A TEXAS 2mdJ* NEWSPAPSa Associated Pre*# SUNDAY United Frets (V P.) PRICE FIVE CENTSYANKS SWEEP TO BREST *    - German Reserves Slow Russians • LONDON, Sunday, Aug. 6 —(AP) —Russian troops yesterday captured the key road junction of Stryj in the Carpathian mountains on the invasion routes into Czechoslovakia, while in the north other Soviet forces rolled through 40 villages in a fight swaying close to the German fast Pressian border. “Fires are raging in East Prussian frontier towns which now are objectives of Red army infantry attacks,” said a Pravda front dispatch. Among the towns listed in the daily Moscow communique was ^urgbudzie. nine miles from the irontier and 31 miles west of Kaunas Press dispatches and German broadcasts located the fighting as only three miles from the German border, but It was ob-% vious that the Germans had slowed the Russians on most key sectors by hurling in Thousands of reserves rushed to the east from central Nazi reservoirs.    .    — Strvj., 38 miles south of \wow 41,rd about the same distance from the Czech border, commands the roads through the Wystkow and Beskid passes into Czechoslovakia. It* capture by Marshal Ivan S. Konevs First Ukraine army was ^announced in an order of the da\ Hay Premiere-Marshal Joseph St a. In. Tanks Go 75 Miles in Day; Near Nantes SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sunday, Aug. 6—(AP)—Hard-driving j ,    ,    v    ■.    I    Dallas    polled    an    all-tim"    record    vote    to    resist    the    dry    threat    bv    a    Arn(.r,,,an armftr cmppnincf 7S flounced yesterday while tens whoppine tvvo t0 one majority, Dallas election bureau tabulations tor, XI"*ncan armor, sweeping ta of thousands of imperial sol- n6 out of in precincts showed 47,130 votes against prohibition and 23,551 filles in one day to the end diers were fleeing from out- for outlawing liquor sales.    ...... >f the Brittany peninsula, en- posts of the empire or were Dallas, Fort Worth Plow Under Prohis By The Associated Press Bv tho Associated Tress    Probibitionists    deeisivcly lost a wartime attempt to dry AU Japanese civilians will >'P Dallas and Fort Worth, twin alcohols oases in the Norm be armed to fight in defense of their homeland, Tokyo an- elections showed Saturday night. Texas desert, unofficial returns of countrywide local option TICKING OFF THE MILES TO BERLIN—-Russian troops Saturday stood 322 miles from Berlin, as they battled Nazis in the eastern suburbs of Warsaw. On the Italian front, Allied troops at Senigallia were 605 miles away. British troops at Troarn, 630 miles distant still were the nearest in France. WOMEN IN SHORTS FIND NO PLACE IN MONAHANS MONAHANS, Aug. 5—(Spl.)—Women in shorts are taboo on the streets of Monahans these days, and in case some shapely or otherwise female appears in such garb she s sent home—and quickly. City council passed a "decency ordinance” July 17 as an emergency and, strange to relate, the measure has been popular even with the women. "There’s a place for women's shorts, and bare midriffs, maybe, but that place isn’t on the streets of downtown Monahans.” Councilman J. E. Middleton declared in the early summer. So he launched a fight. It took three council meetings to secure enough support for adoption of the ordinance. Mayor Ed Duffey    was in favor "because    so many    women call every formed by the Vistula and    San    day    to put a stop    to    shorts on the streets.”    He    said    he was sorry    for rivers, Marshal Konev's forces    cap-    the    city police. tured 72 localities of the 243    taken    Thcnt on juiy    21,    the policeman was sick    and    the    mayor had to    act on all fronts during the day. They as jaw enforcement officer. *    "Mother    Nature helped me,” the mayor said. It was cool and cloudy that day and the girls stowed away their shorts and came oat In slacks and sweaters."    u Since then women in shorts on the streets have been told Go home and get !»pme clothes on.” There have been no arrests and no woman has been warned more than once, officers say. Sergeant Killed In B-24 Crackup North of Breck Beyond the enemy’s broken Vistula river defenses, southwest of Sandomierz, the Russians were reported within 30 miles of Krakow Tfnd 75 miles from German Silesia, after crossing the Nida river. But the Soviet communique said of this sector only that the bridgehead had been widened and several more localities seized. The villages were •hot identified. East of this area, in the triangle gleaned out the area east of San-•nomierz and southward along the east bank of the Vistula as far as Rozniaty, 27 miles below the confluence of the two rivers. Konev’s troops now were pushing down both banks of A the Vistula toward Krakow, ^ Poland’s fifth largest city and last big German stronghold short of industrialized German Silesia. Inside besieged Warsaw patriots lost the rail station in the heart the city, a message from the underground said. The Poles were suffering from ammunition and arms shortages. Fifty miles east of Warsaw, Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossovsky’s rat White Russian troops cap Heat Short of Century Mark And relief came. The weatherman took pity on Abilene Saturday and gave lier a sub-tjuccian tmons can-I 1 OO day,    thc Peak beinS    a mcre    97’ I ^ur'ed 70 more towns and villages    Previous    to    ther*J**"    loo I northwest and north of Siedlce. but    days in    which    the highest    was    IOO, the communique did not mention    or morf the progress of the fighting just east of Warsaw. Saturday s Salvage Paper Pickup Gives "Weekend Good Start But today tinued hot. the forecast is con- Showers Tease Parched Areas Temperatures of 100-plus which have blanketed the state for nearly two weeks showed only slight signs of a let-up today as a result of teasing showers in the Panhandle-South Plains area and other parts With the salvage paper pickup of Texas yesterday, scheduled today for Abilene collec- I San Antonio recorded .20 cf an tors from Camp Barkery got away j inch rain and Austin .04 with the ^o a successful start Saturday with mercury at 97 degrees in both Substantial contributions from Ro- places tan, Roby and View. Capt. Norman A. TurAmll, in charge of the work, reported 7,170 pounds were gathered in Rotan and 2,640 pounds in Roby, while View •|lso donated liberally. “We want to thank the Mead Bakery for turning in almost a carload of cardboard.” he added. Pickup trucks will tour Abilene this morning and all residents are isked lo place their salvage paper A light shower and overcast skies brought relief to the Plainview area where temperatures have ranged up to 107 the past few days. The reading was a cool 84 Saturday. Pampa’s slight sprinkle was responsible for its 89 maximum, Lubbock, with .25 inches rain, reported its maximum of 97 reduced to 70 Rationing of Ice Begins for City Saturday was the beginning of ice rationing in Abilene. Abilene Ice houses were dividing with the Army, and allowing just so much per customer to relieve a shortage hovering over the town for the past month j or more due to lack of material, labor shortage and heavy demand. T. T. Harris, manager of Independent Ice, said 25 pounds was allowed each customer when delivered to the residences. At Banner, also, when ice is sold out, the docks are closed. Oscar Williams, manager said. The situation is the same over the state, he said. “All ice companies are doing the best they can.” Abilenians are asked to conserve ice they are able to obtain, using as little as possible. The rationing plan is still In the formative stages and is lo be more completely worked out at the beginning of next week. Some cafes Saturday night ran out of ice long before closing time and ice tea and ice coffee were unobtainable. FORT WORTH. Aug. 5—MV- Fort Worth enlisted man was kill ed and three officers were injured when a B-24 Liberator from Fort Worth Army air field crashed and burned about 23 miles northest of Breckenridge Saturday afternoon. Staff Sgt. Conley J. Cornelius, 30, engineer on the flight, was killed. The Injured are: First Lt. Joseph Kwasnik, Jr, Hackensack, N. J., instructor. Second Lt. Robert C. Craig, Shawnee. Okla. Second Lit. Richard Cozens, Encinitas, Cal. The injured were hospitalized at Breckenridge and then returned to the field hospital Saturday night. Their injuries are not believed serious. Sergeant Cornelius is survived by his widow, Mrs. Jeannette Cornelius. The plane was on a routine combat training flight. A board has been named to Investigate the crash. 15 Injured in Train Crash at Corsicana CORSICANA, Aug. 5—(VP)—Fifteen persons were hurt when the Burlington and Rock Island ephyr, southbound irom Dallas to Houston, crashed into the rear end of a freight train standing on the main line near the Corsicana city limits about 6 p. rn. today. The injured, all of whom were aboard the passenger train, were taken to Corsicana hospitals and some were released following medical treatment. None was from West Texas. After the line was cleared the Zephyr proceeded on to Houston. trapped and facing annihilation. The Japanese decision on total war was contained in a cabinet agreement “to arm the entire people at the earliest possible moment.” The decree reflected Nipponese fears of an imminent invasion of their home islands. Their fears were not lessened by a subsequent American announcement that Lt. Getv Robert ( . Richardson's army command of the Pacific ocean areas has bern extended "westward to the Japanese mainland ard beyond.’’ Simultaneously Tokyo abolished thb liaison council linking the military and the government. In its stead a new supreme war council was created to plan the basic strategy of “the sacred war’’ and establish greater ha •'mony and coordination between the fighting and civil services. Ill Tile reported rout of the Japanese Second army from entire northwestern Dutch New Guinea was the geratest mass flight of Nipponese soldiers in the war. Their uncounted numbers included 15,-000 from the Manokwan garrison alone. Other thousands cornered on northern Guam had no escape. Armor-supported infantrymen attacked from the south. Destroyers patrolled the seas on three sides. Rocket firing U. S. planes controlled the skies. On north central New Guinea U. S. Sixth army troops tightened their pir.eers on 40.000 Japanese trapped in the Aitape sector, killing 441 Nipponese in a new advance. Since the Japanese began an attempt to esrapc July 12, they have lost at least 4,311 men. In Tarrant county,    the    vote, with 110    boxes    complete    out    of    116.    the    torr*ci the groat port of Brest county was 24.937    wet    and    16,730 dry.    vr^terriav while' other unit-* The 70.681 votes counted in Dallas rounty totalled 1.500 more    i    i    t    , than were cast    In the 1940 general    election,    previous    high    for    the    reached ’he Loire river seal ing off the peninsula at its base. At the same time, in a wheeling movement aimed at Paris, other American armored forces drove eastward 27 miles from their previous positions. It was not Immediately known at supreme headquarters which of several columas moving southward had reached the Loire or where. Field dispatches had reported American units racing toward both Nantes, French port 15 miles in from the countv. In both counties there are sizeable dry or partially dry areas which were not affected by the vote. The ( lections climaxed hot campaigns with both sides using all forms of advertising media to plead their cases. It was the second time in two years that Fort Worth had resisted a strong dry threat. In 1942 Tarrant county voted against the prohibitionists bv a count of 14,938 to 10,598. During the past few weeks, Protestant pastors in both cities pounded dry arguments from the pulpits and the prohibitionists wound up their battle with parades and rallys. The United Texas Drys, statewide organization which spearheaded the temperance drive, gave assurance that permanent organizations would he maintained in both Fort Worth and Dallas to further enforcement of liquor laws. Wet forces were led by the State Conference of Alcoholic Beverages; mouth of tile river, and St. Nazaire, the Texas Wholesale Liquor Dealers association and Legal Control coun- another big port 30 miles to the dis in the tw’o cities.    west Still another column had cap- In Texas, 140 counties are totally dry and 36 are completely w et. tured Font ivy 15 miles from Lorient In all or part of 93 counties whisky can be bought, beer may be par- — peninsulas idtirth great port, chased in 19 and in two counties 14 per cent beverages are sold.    As Brest still smoked from a blasting by British heavy bombers, an official announcement said that armored columns had fought into the city limits of the port, at which fresh armies can be unloaded for the showdown battles of Europe. Last unofficial reports had put these forces 75 miles away. Equally momentous was the drive on Paris, which already has paid off a big dividend by crumbling the Nazi targets all the way from Brest L*st of the German defenses rn Heavies Lash at Brest, Germany LONDON, Aug. 5 —OFI— Formidable formations of more than I,* to Germany today in ideal flying Normandy 400 American and British heavy weather. bombers led the aerial asault on Huns Dig in for Florence Fight While more lhan 1.100 American Fly In* Fortresses and Liberator* returned to northwest Germany for a second blow at enemy war industry In Aa many days, more than IOO RAI Isa* casters dumped slx-tou bombs into the front entrances of German submarine pens at the Brittany port of Brest. Twenty-ieven miles cast of their last reported positions, and on tho direct route to the capital of France, American forces forged across the Mayenne river two miles below the city of the same name. These forces were nearly 50 miles east and slightly north cf Rennes, whose formal capture was completed The mlslon was destined to trap vpgterda^ flnd 27 miles due east ne enemy submarines in their pens f m ^    un    wit mn* base of of their communications Fourgeres. ROME, Aug. 5 —(/F— Eighth army    the enemy troops occupied all the southern sub-    and block the seaward    escape    of I urbs of Florence today and brought    nny high German    officers cut    off ...       „    up their forces along a 25-mile front j in Brittany until    the    advancing remnant,    “Se    [or an -ault ecro»toeA^^ld An,.rtcan .round (orc, couU, mc* | ^    Mlbonll lrtl th OM mourn or G-.v.nk nay in Western ,    P"‘    •    •    •    f    ,    ESJST&TSSiA Lancaster* and HaUtaxes also ^ ^    ol( (he whc[c Bl These quick-breaking develop- Dutch New Guinea, were cut off by ,    -    -    . a new yank landing at Kcrlm on the oI    sir    Har#w    Alexander-t north ccoot. PT boats and planes speeded the Nipponese flight from Geelvink bay and adjacent garrisons. Two enemy ships were left In flames in American air raids on Truk and Palau, strongest points of the Caroline islands. Two Ballinger Men Casualties of War Two'mo'ic'Bamnger^mrn hlw bin I the EM.hU, announced by the War department |    ^    no    reporls    0,    ti,hung command declared that the Germans were using florence for military traffic despite their proclamation it was an open city, and had posted parachute troopers along the north bank of the Amo river inside the city limits. A menage from the Florence National Committee of Liberation said the Germans had evacuated Florentines all along the north bank. From commanding heights around Fiesole, leas than three miles north delivered their daily punishment to « * aw.   rivinp.hnmh sources peninsula the Breton the German flying-bomb .--ourcos I with attacks on a depot at St. Leu ; Dessorent, 30 miles north of Pans, I another hidden in a woods near One armored force bearing down on the U-boat base of St. Nazaire was now much less than 18 miles away after .sweeping several miles Wat ten, and launching ramp* near    of    gt    GUdius    deg    Bois the coast. Still another fleet of Lancaster* swooped on the railway bridge at Ftaples on the Germans’ most important supply line from the north to the front, running from Belgium into Amirns. The bridge was damaged in yesterday's raids. The American heavy bombers of Florence, the Germans watched poured new lethal cargoes on war ' industries in Germany, hitting tho oil refinery at Dollbcrgen, an oil storage plant at Nienburg, an aircraft parts factory and freight yard at Fallersleben, an armament works at Maudeburg, and other targets at Brunswick and Magdeburg as well as airfields at Hannover, Langer-hangon and Halberstadt. Fathers Over 30 Not to Be Drafted HELENA, Mont., Aug. a—(/Pi-Barring unforseen developments there is little likelihood that fathers over 30 will be drafted for military service before the war ends, Draft Director Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, said today. aVn?URob“rt A. Borh*rn, son ol    inside Florence. Jut the Mr. and Mrs. Otto Bot ham, near    tore statement said It Is clear_ Ut. Ballinger, aas killed June 6 in ™em> In ™    sWe>    of France. In service two years, the    01 l“e 21-year-old soldier was with a para- I the city.___________________ First    Lt. Joseph    b.    Guynes, 2i, Barkley    Assured son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Guynes,    DAHAminntinn has been missing since July 22,    O' KenominaTIOn over Romania. He Is the younger LOUISVILLE, Ky., Atif.    5—    >    - son of the manager of an Humble Renomination o e . a , boaster    station.    Majority    Uade: .A ben W Bark- ___________ley appeared certain tonight as ne continued to    pile up an overwhelm- AkcpntPP    Bd H    its    majority    over six opponents in MDbeniee doii jis    ,    the Kenturky Democratic pn- Cast by 3 Persons mary. Returns from 1590 of the state's Only three persons cast absentee 4248 precincts gave Barkeley 42,-ballots in the office of the county 639 votes; L Boone Hamilton, clerk Saturday, opening date of ab- Frankfort, 1582; Brooks, L. Har-sentee voting in the second primary, grove, Louisville, 1140; William Vivian Fryar, clerk, said.    O’Connor, Jackson. 1003; John Ballots were mailed to 69 service- Franklin Jones, Mayfield, 918; John men Saturday. Deadline for absentee voting is Aug. 2. J. Thobe, Covington, 799; and Jule W. Appel. Erlanger, 731. Jp ®|t the curbs or other places in front    during    the day. of the homes where it may be seen    Fort    Worth was still in    the    run- easily from the street. Many persons    ning with a 102 and    Wink, in    West having contributions notified the    Texas,    and Midland    writh    101    each, chamber of commerce yesterday as Alice had IOO. to the amount and place of stor-. ——--- e. This information was passed:-.,    .    - kl to the pickup crews    Flier Dismissed Captain Turnbull stressed that HOUSTON, Tex , Aug. 5—(PP)—A salvage paper is needed badly if the fighting on all fronts continues successfully. blarney to Pampa PAMPA. Aug. 5— (ZP) —Doctor Homer Price Ramey, president of the University of Texas, will speak at a chamber of commerce banquet j cadets were killed, said the field I public relations office. General court martial at Ellington field last night convicted Lt. Allen D. Reed, 25, pilot in the field’s advanced navigation school, of violating an air force flying regulation. Reed, whose home is at Brady, Tex., was tried after an air accident in which five Ellington field ^pire Tuesday. The Weather ABILENE ANT* VICINITY—C#»ul**r-able afternoon rloudine** Sunday and Monday, Continued hot. WEST TEXAS:    Partly    cloudy Son day and Monday In Presidential Balloting- BLALOCK CALLS ON ELECTORS TO SHOW HANDS DALLAS, Aug. 5 —’AP)— Myron G. Blalock, national Democratic com- widely faltered mitteeman for Texas, said here to-KtaV'Sln*!” Panh*nd,e *nd South day he had written the 23 Texas fast texas:    cnnxideraMr rioudi- electors named by the regular state fleas Sunday and Monday Soldered rnnVpntlon 111 Austin last Mav that thundershowers in soulheasi and ex- Convention III Alipin last May UMI treme east portion* in the afternoon, j it was his opinion that “a very large Sat. - Fri. A.M. Si • ss st ■Hi 78 Hi sa Hi 80 81 KO !>0 93 8.% KA 82 82 79 HO 82 85 KH 92 90 TEMPLRATl HES HOCH ... I . ,. . 2 . . ... 3 .. ..    4 .. ... 8 .. .. . ti. .. ... 7 .. 8 .. ... 9... ..IO... ll .12 Sat. - I rl. P M. 98 95 95 IT. 9fi 9fi 95 94 90 87 102 102 102 103 IAI 99 94 90 89 HI! 85 High and low temperatures to 9 p m. majority of the people of this state feel that electors should cast their vote for the nominees of the party which elects them.” The national committeeman said the letters were sent to poll the electors on whether they will, if elected in November, vote in the electorial college for Roosevelt and Truman. The regular convention instructed last*year7:'" Ki2'^nd*77. l0W **m*    *    *    i    the    electors    not    to vote for the par ty nominees for president and vicepresident if the national conven- Sunsft last Right:    8:33. Sunrisr this morning:    6:37. Sunset tonight:    8:32. lion seated any delegates from a rump pro-Roosevelt state c nven-tion. The national convention seated the rump delegation as well as delegates from the regular convention. lute therefore, his own judgement and will," the letter continued. “They feel that the Austin resolutions attempting to release the ACE CiUNNER- A companion column pushing on the nearby port of Nantes on the Loire river was believed to be at least as (lase after hammering through Chateaubriant, 30 miles south of Rennes.    _ The Vichy radio early in the day had this force only 18 miles from Nantes. German accounts said these col-See FRANCE, Pf. 14. Col. 3 Nazi Paris Line Vanishes in Air By JAMES M. LONG LONDON. Aug. 5—i/P>—A vaunted German inner defense line guarding the approaches to Paris and inland France has vanished into the air from which it was conjured by the Nazi propaganda mills. The breakthrough from Normandy hay confirmed what Allied aerial reconnaissance had already indicated—that there are no fixed enemy defenses short of the Maginot and Sieg-frirnd lines. For two years the Germans have been filling the air and the press with pictures of a “Hitler.” “Von Rundtstedt” or “Rommel” line supposedly built by Herculean labor to make the European fortress impregnable. By some of these accounts, one of the anchors was the Brittany capital of Rennes, through which Allied armor streamed today in endless procession, but the only resistance had been frcm die-hard rear guards. (Larry Alien, Associated Presa correspondent, said on his release T-Sgl. Lewis from German internment he had line and electors from their moral obliga- L. Coburn of Niagara Falls, seen accounts of this non to support the nominees of the ,    y., gunner on a Flying For- ^.lYthe'r it^'as DroDaganda or fact.) In his letter, which he made pub-    party were outside    the jurisdiction    jress^ holds the    record-break- ...... lie during an interview with the    of the convention and were without    ’    missions com* News, Blalock, a resident of Mar-    support in law or    party practices    mg total ot 107    missions c shall, Tex., said it was his opinion    and customs.”    plated. He is    shown above that a very large majority of the Blalock said he    will comment    before leaving    bort Devens, people of the state do not feel that, later on what course the state con- for home and a fur- ll lUUldC Uir at ate evil- a voter should be required to scratch j vention in Dallas Sept. 12 might    .    .»    •    veteran    of    72 Democratic electors lougn. ne is a vncmu This does not mean that the highway to Paris is open, for there is plenty of room in the Loire-Seine triangle for a strong German stand before the French capital. And with mines, barbed wire. the Democratic ticket in order to take to assure Democratic <"le(l0J‘    (u,,    Philinnines    I and mobile defenses of men. tanks vote for the nominees of the De- on the ticket who will vote for the missions    IP    and guni.( the Germans have airn ocratic party.    nominees. Meanwhile he said he is an(j Southwest t antic and o I ready shown that they need no fix- ‘They do not feel that an eire- I inclined to favor placing the names 35 European missions just j fn fortifications to put up a stout tor should assume the right to    of Roosevelt and I ruman on the bal- comDje|ej with the 8th Air argument, as witness their holding disregard the will of the ma- lot, and leaving off the electors en- _    ,    wirephoto),    actions south of Caen, jority of the voters and substi- \ tirely.    [force.    vvi^f    / ;