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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 5, 1944, Abilene, Texas SAVE THIS PAPER! fAnd all papers and magazines. Monthly Collection Sunday Morning. QEfje JHtnlcne Reporter "    WITHOUT    OR WITH    OFFENSE TO    FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETO YOUR WORLD    EXACTLY    AS    GOES.”-Byron EVENING FINAL • VOL. LXIV, NO. 49 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 5, 1944 -EIGHT PAGES Associated Pre** (AP) United Pre*, (UP.) PRICE FIVE CENTSAmericans Nearly to Nantes Russians on German Soil IN FRANCE—Yanks push their way on to Brest, St. Nazaire and Nantes in an effort to •rut off these three important Nazi U-Boat bases. They were believed less than 30 miles from the latter two today. (NEA Telemap). .47 Killed in Train Wreck • STOCKTON, Ga., Aug. 5—(ZP)—A west bound Atlantic Coast Line passenger train crashed into the locomotive of a by-passed freight on a siding near here early today, killing at least 47 persons, mostly ^railway laborers going heme for the week-end to Alabama. H. L. Tomlinson, station agent for the railroad, said at least 47 bodies had been found. Nearly all the dead, he said, were negroes, members of a work gang which had 40been at Doctortown, Ga. Tomlinson said more bodies were in the wreckage, but he could not estimate the number. Sibley said six cars were derailed —a sleeper, one coach with passengers and three unoccupied coaches, ^and a hospital car. None of the passengers in the sleeper were injured. Four persons in ths hospital car were slightly injured. The coach occupied by the track laborers, which crashed into the freight train •md in which all the victims were riding, was of steel construction, Sibley said. MILITIA MOBILIZED FOC DUTY IN PHILADELPHIA .Thundershowers Promised Area • Partly cloudy skies and thundershowers were promised by the local weather bureau for this afternoon and tonight, but Abilenians this morning seemed well on the way to their lith consecutive day of J.00-plus temperatures. ^ friday Abilene, with a high of PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 5.—(IP)— Three regiments of the Pennsylvania State guard, fully armed, were mobilized today as 6,000 Philadelphia transit strikers again < *fied U. S. Army orders to end a five-day work stoppage marked by racial disorders and threats of violence against returning workers. A high source said the guard units would be used "only to maintain order’* in connection with the Army’s efforts to restore bus, trolley, subway and subway-elevated service in the nation's second largest arsenal. The source, who asked not to be quoted directly, said the Army had told him that ‘‘troops brought here will bfe used only to operate the Philadelphia transportation company’s rolling stock.” He did not say whether any troops already had arrived. Meanwhile a showdown appeared imminent between the strikers and the Army, which seized the lines Thursday night by order of President Roosevelt. Arrests were indicated. The Army disclosed that its next step in the dispute, stemming from white workers’ opposition to the upgrading of negro transit employes, would be ic cooperation with the department of justice. The Weather U.S. department of commerce WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND    VICINITY—Partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight with scattered thundershowers. Sunday, partly cloudy. F.AST TEXAS—Partly cloudy except mostly cloudy with showers near upper The reading here at 11:30 today : coafl this afternoon and tonight and scatered thundershowers extreme north portion tonight: Sunday partly cloudy. near upper 104 degrees, ranked third in state, was OO degrees. Feverish temperatures CUt down ! scattered thundershowers their victim with the death in Hous-    in    afte™oon. U. S. Fighters Hit Romania MOSCOW, Aug. 5 — (AV-American fighter pilots strafed the German airdrome at Focsani in Romania, shot up enemy communications and then saved a downed comrade on a shuttle mission from Italy to Russian air bases yester day. In the hair-raising rescue Flight Officer Richard Andrews, 20, Lightning pilot, of Portland, Ore., landed in a Romanian meadow near Focsani and picked up Lt. Richard E. Willsie, 23, of Long Beach, Calif , after the latter had belly-landed with one engine shot out. As Andrews threw away his parachute and took Willsie on his lap, a Messerschmitt formation attacked the Lightnings which were circling overhead. Lt. N. A. Pate of 1009 Taylor Ave., Austin, Tex., shot down one enemy plane and damaged another, forced landing. ‘‘He’s a grand fellow and that’s too far for a fellow to walk home from his 60th mission," laughed Andrews later. Willsie set liis own damaged aircraft afire and was clambering into the cockpit of the rescue plane almost as soon as it braked to a stop in the plowed furrows. ‘‘It was real movie stuff.” commented Lt. William J, Hawthorne of Pensacola, Fla., who covered Pate as the latter went after the Mess-erschmitts. .    _.    ....    • ..    .    .. . i WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy scatter- on Of Felix N. Nemi, 72, who died 1 Cd thundershowers in Panhandle. South at his home from heat exhaustion. ronightaandEsunadSayarea this afternootk Houston’s second death yesterday, its fourth in the current heat spell, was that of Haskell A. Newburn, 36, who died in a hospital after collapsing* in the lobby of a hotel. Fletcher Franklin Todd, 64, was in a Fort Worth hospital after collapsing in the heat. Wichita Falls’ 109 was yesterday’s highest temperature. Clarendon reported 105; Laredo and El Paso had ▼03; reporting 102 were Dallas, Fort Worth, Amarillo, Big Spring, and Del Rio. Waco and Lubbock even 100's. Allies Press Into Florence Maximum temperature last 24 hourf, ^Minimum temperature last 12 hour®, TEMPERATURES Sat-Fri Frl-Thur A.M. Hour P.M. 84 86— I— 96 98 I 81    85—    2—102 102 I 79 80— 3—102 102 78 82— 4—102 103 76 82— .V—103 104 76    79—    ft—101 103 76    80—    7— 99 101 SO 82— 8— 94 96    , __________ 88    so    9o'a 25-mile sector, are pressing the 90 92—11— R6 89 enemy back against the stream on Sunrise this morning"    I    both sides pf the city,    Allied head- Sunset tonight ...................8:33 quarters said today. By NOLAND NORGAARD ROME, Aug. 5.—(/P>—Eighth Army troops have completed occupation of the suburbs of Florence south of the Amo river and, bearing down along Cavalry Hits To 30 Miles From Krakow Bv LEWIS HAWKINS LONDON, Aug. 5.—(AP)— The Russians have carried the ground war to German soil for the first time since the conflict started by penetrating the northeastern part of East Prussia, Berlin reports indicated today, and Moscow dispatches said “fires are raging in East Prussian towns which now are objectives of Red army infantry attacks.” The German high command communique said there was fighting in the “Sudaucn-Schaken district." Sudauen is the old name for the eastern part of East Prussia between the rivers Inster and Anger-app and the Masurian lakes. While the battle for Warsaw to the south raged inside and out of the old Polish capital, the Red Army flung strong cavalry forces across two water barriers in a smashing drive to within 30 miles of Krakow, the last big city stronghold of the German Silesia. A transocean broadcast from Berlin said "heavy fighting is going on against Soviet formations which have broken through on the East Prussian border north of Wirballen (Virbalis).’’ Virbaiis is a frontier post about a mile from the East Prussian frontier. The village itself is two or three miles from the station on the main railway between Kaunas, former capital of Lithuania, and Konigsberg, largest city of East Prussia. It is in this area that the Russians have been reported shelling East Prussian territory for several days. The German high command gave no further description of the “Sudaeun-Schaken district,” but it could refer to the same area as mentioned by Trans-ocean in the report about Virbalis. Actual crossing of the border, however, might have come at any one of a dozen points, since the Russians have been drawn up within artillery range along a front of 70 miles. Moscow dispatches said Gen. Ivan Cherniakhovsky’s troops pushing upon East Prussia met bitter resistance in the vicinity of Eydtkuh-nen, on the Lithuanian border. Farther north along the Nieman river, a spearhead struck straight into the flank of the remaining German Baltic front, seized Stakai, 48 miles east of Tilsit, and overran 200 towns and villages. The Nazi high command brought up troops which had been guarding rail dumps in Tilsit and Konigsberg and threw them into the battle, the Russians said, while heavy forces of Red planes strafed major roads in East Prussia leading to the front. The struggle for Warsaw continued in undiminished fury, but the Russians as yet had made no claim of gaining a foothold in the Polish capital. Inside Warsaw Polish underground forces were believed running low on ammunition. Four bridges across the Vistula as well as rail stations in the city’s center, which have changed hands many times in bitter fighting, were said in a statement from the patriot General Bor to be now in German hands. The German communique acknowledged that the Russians had made new gains below Warsaw, and said that fighting was in progress at Warka, 32 miles south of the capital. Russian forces crossed the Vistula tributaries, the Nida and the W’istoka, gaining strong positions for new attacks from the northeast and the east against Krakow, and were about 75 miles from German Silesia. ON EASTERN FRONT—In the north, as shown on this map, the Russian army has crossed the East Prussian border opposite Suwalki after days of heavy bombardment of towns across the border. The battle raged within and outside of Warsaw and cavalry forces had crossed two water barriers to reach a point 30 miles from Krakow in the south. (NEA Telemap). Japs lake Beatings in India, Burma, Marianias, New Guinea By The Associated Press Japan’s conquest-swollen empire was ripping badly at the seams in India, Burma, the Marianas and New Guinea today as fresh battlefront reverses forced her to set up a new Supreme War council. The Japanese announced that I’. S. P-38 Lightnings raided southern Manchuria Friday, that strong formations of American planes bombed the Bonin and Kazan islands the same day, and that ‘‘powerful enemy task force of at least IO vessels, including cruisers and destroyers, is assembled on the sea in the C hichi Jima (Bonin) area.” The Lightnings reportedly struck the Mudkrn industrial area recently raided by Superfortresses. Chichi Jima was reported raided three times Friday, and Iwo Jima, in the Kazan group, twice. The islands are about halfway between the Marianas and Japan. Allied sources made no mention of the attacks. Tokyo’s radio announced today the Japanese government had abolished its liaison council, present link with imperial headquarters, and had established “with imperial sanction” a Supreme council "to map out a basic policy for directing the war, and to obtain greater harmony and coordination between the fighting and civil services.” "An adjustment leading to greater harmony between the supreme command and governmental affairs is more important than any other matter," explained Japan’s premier. Kuniaki Koiso. All along the Dutch New Guinea north coast the Japanese are "in full retreat," Gen. Douglas Mac- By GLADWIN HILL SUPR EME HEADQUARTERS, Allied Expeditionary Force, Aug. 5.—-(AP)—American troops swarmed over half of the Breton peninsula today, thrusting nearly to the port of Nantes at its base and advancing to within 85 miles ol Brest at its tip. To the north iii Normandy German troops were in a general withdrawal from the w hole Odon - Orne valley southwest of Caen. The thrust by British and Canadian troops there was bringing closer a possible major German retreat to the Seine river, 70 miles to the east and the opening on the way to Paris. Giving up 50 square miles of territory in a five-mile retreat, the Germans below the Canadian sector were declared In a front dispatch to be moving their forces back and forth In great confusion. A Canadian officer at the front said: ' The enemy is now extremely windy. He is trying desperately to provide some kind of a belt hole for himself. These are moves of desperation.’’ After six days of battling, Fritish troops knocked loose Villers-Boeage, the keystone of the German defenses wgst of the Orne river, and took at least 15 towns and villages. Advances on an eight-mi!e front, the Tommies swarmed into evacuated tillers-Bocage and raptured Noyers, Esquay, Evrerv and Hills 112 and 113-all points the Germans had foug tit bitterly for weeks to hold. The fall of Villers-Bocage left tty* Nazis with the choice of either pu’£ ing out or running the risk of having their forces trapped in a V-shaped wedge between the Odon and Orne rivers extending from Evrecy northeastward toward Caen. The Supreme Headquarters communique confirmed that Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley’s unslackening American tank-infantry force driving west on the Breton peninsula had readied Loudeac, 85 miles from the great port of Brest at the pen-; insula's end. v (The Germans told of a penetration to Pontivy, IO miles farther). The American columns driving south of Rennes on two roughly parallel roads to Nantes reached Derval and Chateaubriant, 30 and Chinese relief columns were from three to six i 33 miles above Nantes respectively. Arthur announced today. He said the Japanese Second army, charted with the defense of Dutch New Guinea, yielding a 700-mile sweep of coastal area without a fight was withdrawing toward the south and west "in hope of ultimate evacuation from western New Guinea. The enemy's losses cannot fail to be calamitous.” On Guam, Americans captured ML Barrigado, a new height from which to shell 7,00b or more Japanese pinned into the north end of the island. II. S. carrier planes attacked the trapped garrison with bombs and rockets, but gains were slight. American and Chinese troops celebrated the rapture of Myitkyina In northern Burma—Tokyo said the Japanese garrison there was still fighting —and predicted the early fall to Chinese attackers of Tengchung, main Japanese base In Yunnan province less than 60 miles from Myitkyina. The British announced that a Japanese withdrawal from Manipur state In India had heightened to full retreat, with Imperial troops pursuing the Japanese only seven miles from the Burma-India border. Chinese defenders of Hengyang, In Hunan province, were still holding off Japanese who must tnke that city to complete their conquest of the Canton -Hankow railway. miles southwest, north and west of Hengyang. Another Chinese force was reported to have entered dialing, 60 miles from Hengyang. State General Fund in Black AUSTIN, Aug. 5.—(ZP)—For first time since March 18, the state’s general revenue fund today was out of the red. State Treasurer Jesse James re- BALKAN AIR FORCE FORMED TO SUPPORT TITO'S ARMY BALKAN AIR FORCE HEAD- , Italy, but the force will make use QUARTERS IN THE MEDITER- of a number of landing strips in the RANEAN, July IS—<DelayedPartisan held sections of Yugosla-—A new Allied Air force has been via. The Balkan Air Force is part ported that the net balance in the formed for the express purpose of of Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker’s Mediter- 1933, general fund was $93,179.32. A supporting Marshal Tito’s Yugoslav month ago, the deficit was $2,699,- I Partisans and ether resistance ele-865.    ments in the Balkans, and has be- Drastic economies in govern- gun operations from bases in Yugo-mental operating expenses, transfer slavia, Italy and Africa ranean Allied air force, and functions with the same status as the U. S. 15th and 12th Air Force. It differs from the latter two, however, in that operations will be of surpluses from other funds,    plus    (This dispatch apparently was    generally confined to the    Balkans a general Improvement in tax    col- i delayed by censorship until today    and directed partly by a    policy lections—including a continued gain for security reasoas.)    I committee set up to make sure acta payment of delinquent taxes— Although made up mostly    of    Brit-    tivities are    in    line with governmen- ucre cited as    the    principal factors    ish and American    units, the    new    tai policy. in the state’s improved financial Balkan Air force also includes Ital- Built principally from units which situation.    ian, Polish, and Greek squadrons,    have been flying over the    Balkans There was a net balance of    $51,-    Yugoslav airmen will be brought in    in one capacity or another    for sev- 841,971 in all    the    state’s 116 funds    later.    eral months,    the new    organization as of July 31,    the    treasury’s report The commanding    officer    Is    RAF    has nearly    20    types of    planes, some showed. The general fund—from Air Vice Marshal William Ellirtt, which a large part of departmental former air officer commanding at expenses are paid—has been the Gibraltar. only one in deficit.    The    principal    bases    will    be    in rocket-bearing. The American part of the command Is made up of C-47 troop carrier and Liberator bomber units. These American troops also threatened the U-boat base of St. Nazaire, west of Nantes, from near Derval and Chateaubriant, 38 and 49 miles away. The American thrust through Brittany—opposed so far only by ineffectual isolated German garrison forces— brought invasion troops for the first time into territory of strong Maquis resistance, where front line cooperation with French forces of the interior is possible, h’outh of the area of the British triumph in the Bocage country the Germans still had a salient several miles wide and several miles long jutting up into Allied territory between the contested city of Vire and the Orne river. But this is being rapidly battered in by several parallel Allied spearheads shoving east from the Avranches area. The Americans were driving cast from Brittany as well as up the peninsula. They captured and passed Fougere*. 30 miles northeast of Rennes, and farther northeast struck to within little more than a mile of Barentan, 21 miles east of Avranches. South of Mortaln there was no indie.-1* >o rf •— coordinated German defense line.'Third Monthly Salvage Paper Pickup Early Tomorrow Morning Last reminder for Abilenians on the eve ol the # monthly salvage paper drive is to have all waste paper, magazines, pamphlets and newspapers bundled, tied and placed £ curbs for the; pickup on in residential districts Sunday. If possible, bundles should be placed on curbs this afternoon to be ready for collection on the early morning run. Army trucks, manned by Camp Barkeley soldiers will make three rounds to collect salvage in this third monthly paper pickup. Two of these tours will be before noon, the third immediately after noon Sunday, Under the collection plan sponsored by the Abilene chamber of commerce the Army furnishes men and equipment for a one-day campaign the first Sunday in each month. This one-day drive is preceded by a day of special pickups in the business district. Since most stores are closed on Sunday, merchants can get salvage collected today if they will call the cham ber of commerce. These requests from business establishments were pouring in this morning, chamber of commerce officials said, more rapidly than in anv nf the three previous campaigns. Camp Barkeley’s paper salvage record last month has been held up as an example for Abilene. In the month the camp netted nearly three times asmuch as Abilene with a total collection of 282,842 pounds. Fifty trucks and 180 men will be used in the drive tomorrow, camp of- {trials hiiiP a n mill fired* ;