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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas SAVE THIS PAPER! And all papers and magazines. Let's send it to war! MORNING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT .VOL. LXIV, NO. 47 A TEXAS NSWSPATEtt ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 3, 1944 PAGES Xssociafed Proa (AP) Vnlted Prat IV.P.i PRICE FIVE CENTS Yanks Pouring Across Brittany "Prussia Invasion Hearing 'REDS PIERCE DEFENSES, 1AUNCH KRAKOW DRIVE LONDON, Thursday, Aug. Third Russian jrmy plunged at the pre-1939 border of East Prussia today "rom newly-captured positions eight miles distant, exploiting a breakthrough against spotty opposition that made invasion of the Junkers homeland a matter of hours or minutes. Other Russian" armies on miles of thundering front tightened their violent siege of Warsaw, pushed a 9 quadruple annihilation drive against possibly Germans isolated in Estonia and Latvia, and launched a new offensive towards Krakow in south Poland that the Nazis conceded had already driven well across the Vis- tula river at several localities. The Russians did not confirm the .Vistula crossings, but by their own account were within 10 miles of (he river and advancing speedily on a 50-mile front 80 miles east of Krakow. The closest announced approach to East Prussia came with the capture of Dydvizhe, eight miles east of the frontier city Schirwindt, and Moscow dispatches this morning said the Russians wore pressing ahead on a broad front and hurling shells into what the Nazis call "holy German soil." funnels Sarge Sent Grenades "Back at Enemy TEMPLE, Alls- story of how American infantrymen Jrance tossed back German gren- ades before they could explode and inflicted heavy casualties on the Nazis In'Normandy .TOS brought back to McCloskey general hospital today by a former Runnels county farmer, Set. Ernest A. Poehls of Tex. Poehls was one of an airplane convoy of 17 men, predominant- ly Texans, flown to Temple to- day from field, >Tcw York. A machinefiun squad lender. Ser- geant Poehls went Into France on D-Dsy plus one and was wounded Jun.n 10 when a shell exploded over R slit trench. Poehls was wounded in both legs, arm. back, stomach. It was the day before that Poehls' ftutfit had Its most trying experience and the battle of grenades. "Our battalion was behind a lie said, "The Ger- mans started throwing 88 and mortar fire and everything at f us. About 4 o'clock we had to withdraw, and somehow they had us backed into a corner. "My squad happened to be out In front. The Germans across the hedgerow started throwing gren- ades at us. We threw them back. killed a lot of them. One land- ed on top of me :n my foxhole and I got it back." Texans of the 3Gth division moved into hotels in Rome and slept there Germans still had control of IB city, pro Gordon P. Roman of Longview, Texas, reported on his return to AfcCloske.v. Roman came in with another di- vision the day after the 36th march- ed into Rome. He was wounded days later at Montcrosn, Italy, nbove Rome. It was seven miles south of Rome that Set. William M. Alsworth, a 36th division veteran from Brccken- ridBe. was wounded. "We could see Rome from the he said. An iJ5s-mm shell burst hit him in the shoulder, arm and both legs. Fall of Dydvizhe was con- firmed by the Soviet radio monitor's reception of the Moscow midnight communi- que. The Broadcast as heard earlier in London had listed the town of Vystitis, which is directly'on the East Prussian border. This was not con- firmed in subsequent broad- casts. An early-morning supplement to (he communique said the Germans were tumbling west- ward so fast they failed to blow up. bridges' and abandon- ed guns, and trucks on the roads in full working order. "The enemy is trying to stop the offensive of the Soviet troops by all means at his this bul- letin said. "He flung into battle lour divisions fresh from central Germany." Eddy Oilmore, Associated Press correspondent in Moscow, said that while the Germans were fighting back savagely in spots, there seem- ed to be no large-scale massing cast of the border, although the Nazis might try to make a stand on some defense line deeper inside East Prussia. Konigsberg, East Prussia's prin- cipal city, lay less than 96 miles due west of the slugging Rus- lians. On a single sector of the East Prussian border front Germans were slain in a day, (he Soviet communique said. The communique also reported Red army spearhead driving 40 See RUSSIANS, Tg. 12, Col. 1 ANXIETY ETCHED ON EVERY Are they coming back? You can sense the nerve-wracking tenseness in every face. This group of fliers, who have returned to their aircraft carrier after engaging Jap fighters over Saipan, wait anxiously for their bud- dies to come back. Drawn, lined faces and nervously smoked cigarettes mark this scene of vigil as pilots and Capt. Stuart H. Ingersoll, left, squadron skipper, "sweat out" a mis- sion in the carrier's ready room. Guam Airfield, Villages Seized LEADS IN souri Attorney General Roy McKittrick (above) held a jiearly vote lend over "en. Bennett C. Clark in (lie Missouri primary race for nomination ns Democratic can- didate for U. S. Senator. Clark, n veteran of 12 years in the fcn.itc, WAS seeking n (liinl term nomination, tn poge (Sec story Mate Hospital Head Resigns AUSTIN, Aug. 2 Resigna- tion of Dr. M. A. Beckman fls su- perintendent of the Abilene State hospital and acceptance of his re- signation was announced today by board of control sources. Dr. Bruce Allison, senior psy- chiatrist nt the Wichita Falls State hospital has been appointed .super- intendent of the Abilene institu- tion. Dr. Beckman said la.st night his resignation was submitted July 27 and would be effective Aug. 17, He said he would take an extended rest and then return to private prac- tice. Dr. Beckman has been su- perintendent here for three years, coming Sept. l, 1941, succeeding Dr. T. B. Bass. Rota Attack By The Associated Press American soldiers and Marines fighting on Guam have captured Tiyan airfield, seventh aidrome to be taken in the Marianas islands, and have gained a mile against stiffened Japanese resistance. This newest American suc- cess within Superfortress range, of thr. Japanese homeland was last night by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, .without comment on a Tokyo radio re- port that American troops had landed on Rota island, between Guam and Tinian. Nmiitz said the Yanks in cap- turing tiie fighter strip Tuesday also took three villages, compress- ing an estimated 10.000 Japanese ever deeper into northern Guam. American casualties on Guam through Aug. 1 were kill- ed, wounded ant] .105 missing, compared ivilh. counted, enemy On newly-won Tinian island Ma-j rines rooted isolated surviving Jnp-j anese out of ravines and caves, and reported that they had buried more enemy dead with many more: bodies yet to be disposed of.' American casualties on Tinian, through Aug. 1 were 208 dead, wounded and 32 missing. The Japanese troops on fled northward under a furious j bomb and rocket buinbardmcnt by carrier planes. Confident Marines and doughboys pursued them into what looked like an inescapable! trap. On Tinian, too, Marinrs were mopping up. Nippon civilians were surrendering by thr. hun- dreds. dispatches said the final summing up may show Tinian's garrison ivas nearly 100 percent wiped out. Marine, casualties were listed as "very light." PHILLY TROL1EYS STALL' AGAIN; DISPUIE10 FDR PHILADELPHIA, Aug. Complete paralysis gripped Phila- delphia's transportation syst em again tonight after subway trains had operated on a curtailed basis for two hours. A spokesman for the Philadel- phia Transportation company, op- erators of all of the city's subways, street cars and buses, said that sub- way crewmen who had returned tn work ''just walked out on us again." He added that he did not "know Anybody had said any- thing to them or not." The two-day lie -up. back where it sisrtcrt, has precipitat- ed clashes between whiles and negroes, Inconvenienced 000 daily riders and curtailed war production. PTC officials said their drivers had walked out in protest the upgrading of negroes to motormon. Abilene Cooler Than Year Ago The highest temperature In Abl-' tone yesterday was live degrees less than the, same date a year ago. But local residents would have piven morft margin than that if (hey could a.s (lie ther- mometer climbed to 104 de- grees about p.m. :md hung there, for well over ioiir hours. On Aug. 2, 1913, the high was 100, Some colurfy weather is In nros- pect today. I "turn tomorrow. Local temperatures were In keep-1 He addcd that fnf> onl-v hollp ing with the rest of the state Texans took their ninth consccu-! Tidal Wave Rolls on Rennes as British Advance East From Vire SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Thursday, Aug. 3 American tidal wave pouring across Brittany today threatened to lop off the entire Breton peninsula as Lt. Gen. Omar N, Bradlcy's armor raced toward Rennes, com- munications hub almost halfway across. All along: (he British-American front out-flanked German defenses were crumbling in withdrawals ranging from retreat tn near rout. Lt. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dcmpscy's British Smashed through the Nazis' sagging center in a mid-peninsula drive, thrusting a seven-mile salient eastward from the old Norman capital of Vire for a total gain of 17 miles south from Caumont, springboard of their four-day-old offensive. A latp dispatch from British headquarters at the front described this as the begin- ning of "the great and spoke flatly of a word much avoided since the offensive across the Orne bogged down, Thousands of Germans were penned in traps behind the British and American lines. About prisoners have been taken on the entire front, more than by the Amer- icans in their ten-day drive.- British troops were fighting in the streets of Vire and to the oast, three miles north of their spearhead on the Vire-Vassy road, they raptured Estry. Farther north, five miles below Villers-Bocage, key to the Nazi defense perimeter in the Caumont sector, the town of Aunay was threatened with encirclement. Two miles below it the British stormed Onde- fnntaine and fierce fighting raged there. Bradley's men in the west swept in two directions from captured Brecey, advancing on St. Pols, five miles northeast, and also striking some miles southeast. Villedicu-lcs I'oelcs, 10 miles north, by-passed In the southward surge, fell to the Ynnks, and American columns stabbed eastward In the direction of Paris. They were within a mile of .luvigny le Tertre, 15 miles east of Avranches, widening their coastal corridor along which rolled columns of armor and supplies toward Brittany and paving the way for new snares for the Germans In Xormandy, The Americans stabbed more miles beyond captured Pontorson in Brittany, toward Brest, an importtmt Atlantic port at the tip of the Breton peninsula. The port was threatened with isolation, and there were strong: indications that another American force was near to Rennes. Headquarters remained secretive about the exact position of this force, which, if captured Bonnes, would chalk up a 45-mile gain since the taking of Avranchcs two days ago. On the eastern hinge of the French front, in the British Caen area, bitter fighting continued against enemy armor in the Ttlly-la-Campagne sector, but the wheeling movement of the British in the Caumont sector to tlie west threatened at last to crush German resistance below Caen. Stabbing spearheads were splitting into pockets the chopped line ot Heavies Batter Robot Roosts, Fuel Facilities The return of the situation to complete paralysis came, shortly after the War production board had appealed to President Roo.se halt the work stopjinne. An international oiJicer of (he Transport Workers union iCIOi declined use of his name said lie did not think there was "a ghost of a. chance" (hat toe workers would LONDON, Thursday, Aug. -American and 'British heavy bombers blasted bases of the Nazis' flying bombs In northern France just before dark Wednesday wltli multiple attacks and another fleet of U. S. bombers struck from Italy at German oil resources thus main- taining (ho nace of Allied aerial warfare despite bad weather. Three separate assaults were made on robot targets. A force nt 300 S. hearjirclffhts first lilt a sunnly depot for the fly- ing bombs, along with other fuel and transport objectives in northern France, then the KIAF sent and Sterlings against the launching ramns across the channel ami finally another anna da of For- tresses and Liberators delivered another heavy bombardment 111 the same area. RAF heavies Rlss marie their sec- ond attack fn two days enemy naval craft off Le Havre and American medium and liijht lombers ranted behind the Ger- man battle lines, The U. S. Eighth air force an- louncod seven heavy bombers and line fighters were missing. Tn ad- dition the Ninth nir force lost one marauder. Allied craft based In Normandy struck rt the Germans' front lines in limited actions, ns the weather cleared late in the day. and also hit lrn.nsnort to the German rear. But throughout most of the dismal day, weather grounded the airmen. Ballinger 5eabee Killed in Pacific BALLINGER, Aup. Marshal Krwln Uommel. The Allied war of movement rapidly was fashioning three huge pockets and one small one for the :nemy. nnd today liquidated another. Triumphantly heralding Gen. Dempscy's breakthrough, a Brit- ish staff officer declared: "Rommel must stand and fight on the high ground be- tween Villrrs-Rocagc and Caen. and I think we shall destroy him there." in the American sector a Bradlry lancehrari striking into I he defensr- sapprd peninsula of Brittany ad- vanced almost, unopposed toward the biR French port of Brest, nti (ho Brittany tip, reaching a point! some miles beyond Pont01 son. 13 miles .southwest of Avranctirs. This column was said lo be in some Hill Dominafing Florence Falls "that something bij; will break in Another column was on the 100- mile march in Hie direction of the mouth of the Loire river, and was List officially reported only about 30 miles from Rennes, provincial cn'pital almost in the crr.lrr of the base of the puninsula. Southeast and east of Avrnnches, twin Aineiican .sppnrlirHd.s curled Iron claws around the rteht end of what had bron the Nazi Idt flank. One drove up (he fir-lime riuvr to Le Buat, milr.s from other .sina.siicd up fine river through Brecey to 13 ROME. Aug. 2 New Zea- land veterans of the North African campaign have bludgeoned their way to within loss than five miles of Florence from Hie southwest, capturing a commanding ridge from, which they looker! down today upon the spires and towers of the an- j cient city. A field dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent Lynn Hoin- zcrling, reporting the dogged ad- vance in she Now icalunders on a live-mite front, made it plain, how- ever, that the Eighth army still faced mueh hard fighting before it could force tiie Germans to retire into their "Gothic line" defenses north ot Florence. "Thr Germans still are de- fending lltrir positions furi- hr said. "The Xew Zea- are nearest the arc pushing forward against infantry backed up by hiifro Tigpr dinks." BriuMi guardsmen, probing to- ward Florence directly from the .south, were reported to have gain- Lucky Beaumont was the only spot to get relief. A thiintlersliowrr there brought the mercury down lo 71. j Else-.vhere, I Of) decree were as common as ants at ;i pic-J nic. The pin for slow burn- ing went to Quannli with 114 do-] grees. Also in North Texiis, in j nearby Montague county. Nocona B. Seldcn. 31, machinist mate third; mjiM .'roni" Avrandir.i. Tlif.s forcr. ffl two unidentified mountain posl clfuss, in the Scaljeos, was killed v-n.s reported 15 miles Avr.in- tioas without opposition. A column July 29 in the South Pacific, his I mother. Mrs. Bertha Selden, was! ThP.sn armored tips, witli iheir notified yesterday by the govern- flood Of motorized mfaiury bfhincl them, were pointed toward i :Rram a pre-, the Gcnnan.s in headlong re- mortar .shell; treat. j ment. j According to the i i mature explosion of n Jronj thr southeast was la.st reported within eight miles of Ihn city. instanres whites had attacked negroes, nnd in others a fast- moving group of nrgrofs had beaten while mon ami women, .smashed iiimlmvs and looted stores. Police said ihe madr up mostly of 'teen anr yo'iths, carried suns, knives, boiilr.s. Ft ones or this oblong nrpa the Germans' caused death. Seldrn had been in in service 17 months. He was born'were falling back so fa.st IJrarilry's and rcnred in Ballhstjor. i doughboys were unable to Im-atr Surviving are the mother; flic j their front. Tin1 Amcncrms drove father, J. S. Seldcn Fort Worth.-the enemy completely out vilif- a, sister. Mrs. UJma I'ructt of dim and took Percy and in veil. Wyo.; and his wife and son this pocket, driving cneniy Houston Sprinkling HOUSTON. AUK. strln- KPIU measure further restricting the of lawns was passed on first today by the city council in a desperate effort to came up with 111. bricks, and thry nrre.nod 300 on Wichita Falls folded up with 110. charges varying from ir.alidous In West Texas. Pyoto rrgistored. mischief to assault and 108; Big Spring 107; Wink. 107; battery and 'carrying concealed Midland, 10G. deadly weapons. BEAUMONT ICE FIRM CLOSES 5 PLANTS, AWAITS OPA'VERDICT BEAUMONT. Aug. 2 Dc- flnltfi nctloii for relief of an ice shortage in the Beaumont nrra brought on by the closing lo public consumption of five Morgan Ice company plants in an OPA con- troversy was promised tonight by the War Foods administration through L. i. Cnpplcman, regional director at Dallas. Cnplilcman's assurance that he would have investigators on the tomorrow morning WOK the first definite brenk In n mnxc of activity generated here lodny by city and federal authorities, the of commerce and indus- ,rlnl agencies. Two Ice plants operated by.oth- Inlnre.ils were left to sorve Beau- noil t. Twn of the Morgan rlo.wl dfMvn, exrepf for irir fur- nishorl linspllals, milk and some fooi) handlers, ;irr in nraumont: twn are in Tort Arthur and one in Oranjjr. The action by Morgan, who op crates n string of some 54 ice plants, climaxed charges filed by the OPA all against Morgan plants which OPA said were selling; above cell- ing prices. S. P. Morgan, president of the concern, announced this morning he was curtailing lil.q operations In Beaumont, Orange ami Port Arth- ur pending court fiction on the OPA application fer n restraining ord- >r, piohlbltlnc: the Morgan plnnis Irom selling above the celling pi-Ice. BOH Kill, Boy JedW.Srygley ug. 2 L.. '31 Killed in Crash FARWET.L, Aug Calaway, Jr., 13, kilJed by n holt of lightning while operating a tractor on a farm near his home 20 miles- northeast of Fanvell to- day. The Weather or rn.vMrrc UT.AI AND rdtndv Thiirsrfay i't fnnlfthl: Ing Pfc. Tod W. Srynlcy. 23, pranel- son of JDP C. Sryxlcy. CJinton. and son of Harry W. of Fort. Worth, formerly nf wjis nniniiK tliosr Ijrlirvrd killotl in n of planr.s in ihr ruKurci PnnaininL mountains nvorlonkiim Dcntli Valley in Ciilifornia, the Army announrrfl nislit. Hopr of finrllnn alivf tin.v of thn 17 orc'iipnnf.s nf pliinrs collided anrl crnf-hfxl v-'as nbniifloncrl names of (lie. flierp u-ore rc- Irnseri, Privntf? had Leon In ser- vice nboul. and fi hnlf ye-nrK, tnilnfjiK .San Anfonio. In iana, at She.ppfird field, fvtillwntnr. OJtJn., YtoTifl, M-'rs... fjn- IIIK to Miirrvo Army All1 IWR In California, The pjnncs from thn and lii.s v ife nre en- r.apcrl in wnr work In Fort Worth and plan to return here, after fight- GERMANS MINE YANK buried by French, grnvcs of Yank sol- dim on ihc rnnil (o La Hayc Puils were found mined by Obionn, Pvf. James Scrnb kneels, pointing nt a'sign warning that (he graves have been mined. (NKA Tele- ;