Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 2, 1954, Abilene, Texas
CLOUDYtihe libilene 3^i)0rter Mumm'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES'*—Byron
VOL. LXXÎV, NO. 44
Aâtociôted Preâs (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS. MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2. 1954—TWELVE PAGES
"price DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10«
Shivers Delegate Claim Disputed by Yarborough
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
It appeared Sunday from incomplete reports that a majority of delegates to the Texas Democratic state convention Sept. 14 are in the conservative—or Gov. Allan Shivers’—camp.
Ralph Yarborough, champion of the loyalist faction and the governor’s opponent in the Aug. 28 runoff election for governor, disputed this.
See ‘Demo’ Control
“It looks like the Democrats will control the next Democratic state
convention,” said the Austin attorney after getting reports on Saturday’s county conventions.
Yarborough has claimed the governor was able to top the July 24 first primary balloting only because of the support of Republicans.
The latest report from State Democratic Chairman George Sandlin, made Saturday night, was that the conservatives had won 2,272 delegates to 907 for the loyal-i.sts. Sandlin’s report was from 66 counties.
U.S. Seeks Unit For Atom Warfare
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1 (4^ An administration decision to halt the cutback in Army strength has spurred an intensive search for the right sized division to fight and survive in an atomic war.
Pentagon planners last year figured that the Army could drop about one-third of its post-World War II strength of 1,600.000 after a military armistice in Korea, The planners, backed by the administration in preparing the current military budget, told the Army that it would have to cut its manpower to 1,100,000 by June. 195.S, and thereafter take further cuts.
To Avoid Cuts But the Army now expects to avoid the future cuts and keep its forces at least up to the 1,100,000-man level on the basis of a decision by the National Security Council that the total strength of the armed forces 11 months from now should stay at just over three million instead of dropping down to about 2.800,000.
That decision was discl«>ed during the weekend by John A. Hannah ai he left the post of assistant secretary of defense to resume the presidency of Michigan State Col-
leg«. ^ ^
A* a result, the Army has been encouraged to busy itself working out the best ways to use this strength, with the administration’s assurance that the military manpower levels will not be cut further for some years to come.
Hard Pat f5eo. Matthew B. Ridgway, Army chief of staff, said at the outset that the Army would be hard put to meet the commitments around the world with reduced forces. In halting the cutbacks in Army strength the administration has in effect gone part of the way toward accepting Ridgway's contentions. Hannah said the change was made primarily because of the necessity to keep strong in the Far East, Army planners, meanwhile, are working overtime to devise the best sizes of units to take and hold the battlefield under atomic warfare conditions.
Officers are now busy working out alternative schemes on paper. The next step will be to turn these paper plans over to field experts to be torn apart, remade or modified in map exercizes. From the planning and map rooms various sizes of divisions will be organized for testing purposes and the Army field forces will put them through
Temperatures Mild As Rains Dwindle
B.V THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The rains that followed a Gulf •iorm into Texas dwindled to a few sprinkles Sunday but temperature* in most areas remained relatively mild for the first day of August.
Skies were clear to partly cloudy over the state.
The hot spots were Presidio and Salt Flat, which had maximums of 101, and El Paso, which had 101. The oool ones were Marfa with 85, Galveston with 88 and Corpus Christi with 89.
The rainfall report for the 24 hours ending at 6:30 p.m. included Dallas .0^ of an inch, Del Rio .42, Fort Worth .01, Wichita Falls .04. Presidio .02. Marfa .03. and a trace at Texarkana.
their paces under simulated atomic warfare conditions.
Size Varies The full-strength size of an Army division has varied over the years from 15,000 to 20,000 men, and is now about 18,000. Nobody is now prepared to state positively what the eventual size will be.
The Army is convinced that the divisions will be smaller than they are today and that atomic weapons, with their capabilities for mass destruction, will force divisions to spread out in the field, both sideways and in depth.
But experts say it may be necessary also to plan on replacing entire units, such as regiments, at a time. By keeping a reserve of such replacement units una.ssigned, the Army may end up with no more than the 17 or 18 divisions that it expects to be nble to organize with its authorized strength next year.
In the meantime the Army plans to take most of its manpower cut, from the current strength
See MANPOWER, Pf. 7-A, CM. S
Ik« Prolongs Sfoy At Mountain Lodge
THURMONT, Md.. Aug. 1 Prssidsnt Eisenhowsr decided today to prMong his stay in the cool CaCoctin Mountain* until tomorrow morning.
Tha Pracideot. taking it easy with hit family at his Camp David lodga here, plans to start back by ear to the White House about 9 a.m. twnorrow, instead of returning tonight Tha camp is located 68 miles nM'th of Ws^ington.
With Washington stiU sweltering In tsmperatures ranging hi the hi«! the Bitenhowert were enjofi^ ttte somewhat eoolar vaatber d tiw CatoctlD
Sweetwater Man Drowns
SWEETWATER, Aug. 1 (RNS)— H. B. Taylor, 25, drowned Sunday afternoon at the south enJ of Lake Sweetwater where Taylor and several others were swimming.
Taylor, a service station employe, was given artificial respiration by Don Salyer, manager of the Sweetwater Municipal Swimming Pool, but was pronounced dead upon arrival at a hospital.
Salyer continued to give Taylor artificial respiration in the ambulance after working over the victim at the lake. Taylor had been pulled from the lake by Bobby Richardson of Sweetwater.
Other swimmers said Taylor appeared to just go under.
Richardson, who pulled Taylor out, was in a boat with Salyer and were attracted to the scene.
Taylor, a Negro, is survived by his wife.
An unoflicial tabulation by The As.sociated Press, covering 106 of the state’s 254 counties and most of the populous counties with big delegations, showed 87 counties for the conservatives and 19 for the loyalists.
The Associated Press’ unofficial tally was not on the basis of delegates.
Whatever the outcome of Saturday’s county conventions, there was one factor which could change the picture considerably: The outcome of the Aug. 28 runoff between Shivers and Yarborough.
The party’s final endorsement at the polls presumably could sway some delegates to the winner’s side.
Meanwhile it appeared Rep. Sam Rayburn of Bonham, an important figure in the national party, may be on hand for the state convention.
Rayburn was elected chairman of the Fannin County delegation to the state convention. The delegation is controlled by the loyalists.
The House minority leader, dean of Texas’ congressional delegation, was asked in Washington Sunday it he planned to take part in the state convention.
May Attend "In all probability 1 will attend the state Democratic convention if I am in Texas at that time.”
Rayburn has been named a delegate from Fannin County previously but he said Sunday he hadn’t been able to attend many conventions. He declined to comment on the Shivers-Yarborough race.
Yarborough said he had received many telephone calls about county convention results but had not compiled a list. He said the Harris (Houston'. Jefferson (Beaumont), and Bexar (San Antonio) county delegations were the biggest he knew of in his camp.
Vote-heavy delegations captured by the conservatives included those from Dallas County and Tarrant County (Fort Worth).
In almost every county convention the is sue -was clear-cut; whether delegates were for Shivers or Yarborough.
Counties claimed by the con-
See DEMOS. Pg. 7-A, Col. 1
Pilots Vote to Strike Against 2 More Lines
5 Injured In Two-Car Anson (rash
ANSON. Aug. 1. (RNS)—Five persons were injured — two seriously — in a two-car crash .2 of a mile north of here on U. S. Highway 277 about 11 p.m. Saturday.
Seriously injured and confined to the Anson General Hospital were Horace Boring. 36. of Anson, and his wife. Sarah, 34. Boring was driving and sustained a broken rib, head lacerations, a cut leg, and bruises while Mrs. Boring suffered a pulled ligament and bruises. They were reported as “doing all right” bv hospital attendants Sunday night.
AKso injured were William Lester Byrd, 18, of Rt. 2. Stamford, driver of the other auto; and the B'ring children, Janice, 15; Martha Jo, about 13.
Byrd, who was by himself in the car. sustained three broken ribs, cuts on his knee and chin, and bruises. He also was confined to Anson General Hospital.
Martha Jo and Janice were treated for bruises.
Another occupant of the Boring auto, a year old baby named Riddle, was not injured.
Investigating officers said the accident occurred as the Boring auto was crossing the highway from a drive-in theater north of here. Byrd’* auto was headed north.
Both cars were heavily damaged. officers said.
Investigating the accident were Highway Patrolmen Arthur Dyson and Billy Davis, both of Stamford, and Jones County Sheriff Dave Reves of Anson.
Date Not Set, Union Man Says
CHICAGO, Aug. 1 (APV-The AFL Air Une Pilots Assn.—already on strike against American Airlines, the nation’s largest air carrier—said tonight its members also have voted to strike against Trans-World Airlines and United Air Lines.
But a union spokesman said no strike date has been . set and no strike action is contemplated in the near future against the two air lines.
He said United and TWA pilots voted three weeks ago to walk out when and if union officers call a strike. The union’s dispute with TWA and United is over scheduling nonstop transcontinental flights of more than eight hours— the same dispute which has grounded American Airlines planes.
The spokesman said the union takes about 50 strike votes a year and usually does not announce results “unless w^e actually intend to take strike action.”
He indicated the union takes the position that TWA and Unifed will accept whatever settlement is made with American Airlines so that strike action against the other
Debate Slated Today On Atomic Power Bill
WASHINGTON. Aug. 1 (44—Con-, production of atomic power. The gressional Democrats, raising the i House voted a definite ban on it.
threat of a new marathqn debate, start a last-ditch battle tomorrow for authority to put the government into the atomic power business.
This will be the key issue when five senators and five House members start closed door conferences to adjust differences between Senate and House versions of a broad new atomic energy bill.
Banned By Houne The Senate wrote into the bill specific authority for government
CISCO MAN ELECTED
Jackson Named To Head Legion
FORT WORTH. Aug. 1 uB-1. L. (Stonewall) Jackson of Cisco, a Navy veteran of World War IL was elected commander of Um American Legion’s Texas department today.
Jackson’s election came at the close of the department and auxiliary’s 36th annual convention.
He succeeds L. E. Page of Carthage.
Mias Anderson Named
Other officers for the year ars Albert D. Brown of Austin, national executive committeeman; Milton Stewart of Cleburne, alternate committeeman; W. F. Spiegel of Port Arthur, treasurer: Adolph
Hohertz of Austin, sergeant-at-arms; Rev. Mark A. Valenta of El Campo, chaplain; and Chester T, Blodgett of Edinburg, judge advocate.
Miss Doris Anderson of Austin was chosen president of the tuxil-i«ry.
She succeeds Mrs. Fred White of Sao Angelo. Other auxiliary officers are Mrs. J. C. Tittle of Austin, historian, and Mrs. W. H. Le-may of San Antonio, chaplain.
Department members voted to table motions asking for congressional redistrictlng of the state and a pr(H>oeed change in the department’s constitution and by-la tvs that would give the Negro legion district a voting strength of 90 instead of the pre^nt six. No action wa* taken on adfdtng a Negfro viee eommandor.
E. L, (STONEWALL) JACKSON •. . sncceeds L. B. Page
asking the Legislature to amend the Texas Veterans Land Bill so ex-servicemen could buy land with surface rights only under the provisions of the law.
They also voted a res(^ution asking for more appraisers tor the Veterans Land Board so loan processing might be speeded.
The legionnaires went on record as opposing moving the federal narcotics office from Fort Worth to Dallas.
Members also decided to bold their X9I8 eooveoliOQ li S«b Aa-
The measure permits private industry to go into the atomic field and authorizes the President to disclose some nuclear secrets to Allied nations.
It has been referred to a subcommittee of the Senate - House Atomic Energy Committee, which wrote the original bill, to iron out three major differences. A compromise measure then will go back to both houses for final action, probably in a few days.
The Senate amendment, by Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo), would authorize the Atomic Energy Commission and federal power agencies to operate nuclear plants, if they can get funds from Congress. Preference in the sale of this power would be given to cooperatives, publicly-owned utilities and to high-cost areas.
The House adopted instead an amendment by Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R-NY) to bar the AEC from large-scale civilian power production.
Cole, chairman of the Atomic Committee, said today he would insist that this amendment stay in the bill and added “1 have the votes to back it up.”
Cole’s amendment carried by a 161-118 House vote, while Johnson’s won in the Senate by six votes. 46-40.
Republicans have a 6-4 majority on the conference committee, and Rep. Durham (D-NC) also has said he will support Cole on this issue.
Opposition Democrats, it is known, are planning to counter this lineup with the threat of another extended debate, if the Johnson amendment is dropped.
The Senate stormed through 189 hours of ddsate, including four all-night aes8i(ms, before pasting its bill.
Sen. Anderson (D-NM), an opposition leader, told a reporter there probably will be “more speech-making” in the Senate, if key Senate proposals are eliminated.
But Cole and Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa), floor manager for the bilL aaid in separata tnterriews they thought oppoeHion foroaa had
two carriers probably not be necessary. |
The last American Airlines planes were grounded today! as pilots returned to their home bases.
Spokesmen for both the company and the union said there was no prwipect for further meetings to try to settle their dispute “at least until Monday.”
Some flights were made Saturday under an arrangement permitting crewmen to return to their home cities.
C. N. Sayen, president of the union, called the strike in an effort to force American and two other airli.nes with nonstop transcontinental flights to work their pilots no mure Umn eight hours continWMis fUght time.
New York to Los Angeles flights are scheduled for eight hours 35 minutes, but. says Sayen, some times run more than nine hours in actual flying time. Eastbound flights fall within the eight-hour limit, he added. The Westbound trips take longer because speed of planes is reduced by the prevailing westerly headwinds.
The pilots’ union struck at 11:59 p.m. local standard time Friday. American, the nation’s largest domestic air carrier, normally has 970 daily flights on its 12,000 miles of routes. It employs 1,200 pilots.
Similar strike action has been threatened against United Air Lines and Trans World Airlines, but the union has not announced results of a poll of members mi those lines.
Other American «rnployes wer* not included in the strike action. Reservation clerks in the 91 affected cities have helped arrange passage on other airlines or on railroads for persons having American reservations. Other airlines have added flights to accommodate the additional numbers.
The airline said none of its nonstriking employes have been laid off.
Democrats Claim Ike, Meek Differ On Eighf Quesfions
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1 (^President Eisenhower’s endorsement of Joseph T. Meek, Illinois Republican candidate for senator, brought a rejoinder today from the Democrats, who cited published views which they said showed the two differed on at lea&t eight questions including foreign aid.
Meek, whc opposes the re-elet-tion of Democratic Sen. Paul Douglas, won the President’s support in a July 27 letter after writing Eisen-ing his “loyalties and support.**
Meek is generally regarded as of the conservative faction and his pledge and Eisenhower’s pat on the back were obviously an effort to unite the Republicans in one of the hottest Senate races of 1954.
Forget Atom Fear, Rhee Tells Nation
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 1 m -South Korean President Syngman Rhee said tonight the United States should overcome its fear of
the A-bomb and prepare now to roll back the Communist tide* from the free world.
In m gnt»ch oreoAred tor delivery at Convention Hall the Korean leader said country after country is “going down the black pit dug by the Soviets and the loss of each one weakens us and our cause.’* “We can not lose much more and remain strong,” he declared. “I need not tell you what will happen the moment our weakness reaches a point where we can not defend ourselves adequately.” Rhee followed Francis Cardinal Spellman who told delegates to the memorial service of the 55th National Encampment of the Veterans of Foreign Wars that America’s mightiest defense against atheistic communism is faith—not the A or H bomb.
Cardinal Spellman said America must stand firm against the Communist menace and not betray its dead soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines. He declared:
“If atheistic communism continues victorious in other lands subjugating and enslaving peoples, conquering and dividing countries, we can not hope to survive Communist conquest of our free nation except by united strength, resolute vigilance and by prayer, daily and devout.
Rhee, a devout Methodist who spoke from a Washington pulpit earlier in the day, told the VFW its most important task was to persuade the people of the United States “that we must fight the Communist* now or later and that the longer we wait, the greater the odds against us.”
He said the reason final victory was not won in Korea was because “we were afraid of World War III.”
“The atomic bomb is a powerful weapon, but we can not permit its existence and possible use to make slaves of us all without a struggle,” Rhee said.
Stay of Execution Given Utah Convict
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1 (iB-Su-preme Court Justice Tom C. Clark has granted a stay of execution to Don Jesse Neal of Salt Lake City, Utah, who was to have gone to his death Tuesday for the slaying of a policeman.
$27,000 IN BONDS POSTED
Ex-Judge Surrenders, Faces 6 More Chorges
STANTON, T«x., Aug. 1 m-For-mer Martin County judge James McMorries walked into the office of Sheriff Dan Saunders about 2:50 a m. today and surrendered himself to face six additional grand jury indictments.
Tha S4-year-old judge, who ra-signed a few weeks ago stuxrtly after the grand jmors began an invastlgation of eoimty flnuieM. was wiaaaad tinrn JeD la a law
hours after new bonds totaling $27,000 were posted for him.
McMorries had been free (xi $9,000 bond posted after three previous indictments were returned against him July 15. The six additional indictment! wer* returned last week.
Five of the indictmeiits charge theft of school funds from the Grady CoosoUdated Sdiod Dis* trict The sixth charges theft of $400 hi eoanty lai|^
CRITICS GET TOGETHER —.Two senators who havt been critical of the conduct of Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.) get together in Washington and pat each other on the shoulder. They are H. Alexander Smith (R-NJX left, and Ralph Flanders (R-Vt).
McCarthy Issue Going to Panel
WASHINGTON. Aug. 1 (f)—Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP leader, said tonight he expects the question of censuring Sen. McCarthy <R-Wis) to be turnad gver to a committee, with only 1 day or two more of debate on the Senate floor.
Earlier, Sen. Flanders (R-Vt), author of the resolution to censure McCarthy’s conduct as a senator, conceded that the Senate may decide to order a committee to investigate McCarthy’s conduct and thus avoid any action now on his resolution.
But the Vermonter said he still believes the only way senators can pass squarely on whether McCarthy has behaved badly in his Communist-hunting and other activities is to vote up or down the censure proposal he has offered.
knowland, talking to reporters after appearing on NBC5s TV-radio show, “Meet the Press,’* did not indicate which committes he thought would be handed the McCarthy question.
Against Censure He said that after debate resumes tomorrow, he expects the Senate to dispose of the matter, for the present, by some time Tuesday. The Californian has said he opposed Flanders’ resolution and would vote against it.
Knowland also shoved back his prediction that Congress would be able to adjourn Aug. 7. He said he now hopes for adjournment by Aug. 10 or 15.
Asked on the TV-radio show on what question he thought the first vote dealing with Flanders’ resolution would come, Knowland^ replied be didn’t believe “any* living person could predict that.” He said it might come on proposed amendments to the resolution or on a motion to send the question to « committee
Five ProiKMiak Sen. Dirksen (R-Ill) predicted that at least five alternative proposals will be offered to Flanders’ resolution. Dirksen. who heads the Senate Republican Senatorial Campaign C(Hnmittee and is close to McCarthy, said he will oppose them all.
Of all the proposals, Flanders said in an interview, he regards a substitute by Sen. H, Alexander Smith (R-NJ) as the most serious challenge to hi* own unadorned resolution to condemn MiiCarthy for allegedly bringing the Senate into “disrepute.”
Joint Panel Asked Smith has asked the Senate to set up a bipartisan committee headed by Vice President Nixon to investigate inquiry procedures. He said it would not “try” McCarthy but would consult with him.
Meanwhile Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) announced he would seek to amend the Flanders resolution to make seven specific charges against McCarthy. including one that the Wisconsin senator attempted to invade President Eisenhower’s constitutional power to conduct foreign relations.
Morse said he introduced Ms amendment fcnmally last night FUnden speculated that **tt ti
possible” the course Smith proposes will be followed but he said it and a propostl by Sen. Bush (R-Conn) to amend the Senate rules don’t go to the heart of the isaue.
“They leave out the questioo of McCarthy’s conduct,” Flanders said. “If the Senate wants to do that, it can do it. but I want it made clear just whst action it is taking.”
Bush said that while his substitute doesn’t mention the Wisconsin senator “it carries its message to
See McCarthy, Pg. 7-A, Col. 4
FCC Takes Exception In TV Case
WASHINGTON. Aug. 1 Ul — A lawyer for the Federal Confmuni* cation’s broadcast bureau said today the bureau will file exceptions to an examiner’s recommendation in the Corpus Christi, Texas., Channel 6 television case.
Examiner H. Giffwd Irion recommended some time ago that a construction permit for the channrt be awarded to the Gulf Coa^ Broadcasting Co. (KRIS) in preference to a rival applicant, th« Baptist General Convention of Texas (KWBU).
The Baptist group is expected to appeal the recommendation to the commission which will mako the final ruling.
Pat W. Valicenti. attorney for tha broadcast bureau, which represents the public in such matters, got the deadline for filing exception* extended from July 29 to Aug. 6.
Valicenti told a reporter he plan* to fils “comments in the nature of exceptions to some findings” ot the examiner. However, he declined to say whether he will re^ ommend reversing the examiner’s recommendation.
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