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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 1, 1938, Abilene, Texas a • J WI IT TEXAS’] OWN I I NEWSPAPER! ®f)e Abilene Reporter-iBietos VOL. LYU I, NO. 64. WITHOUT', OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKK I Cl I YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS l l COES," By _ ABILENE,    TEXAS.    MONDAY    EVENING,    AUGUST    I,    1938    -8    PAGES Ton tnm <AP> Chum pmm ut) ★★★ EVENING PRICE 5 CENTS DEFENDING CHANGKUFENG—Japs Shoot Down Soviet Planes Raiding on Border WIFE INHERITS NEGRO CULT HELM FRO M HARLEM SWAMI, KILLED IN PLANE NEW YORK, Aug. I.—(ZP)— The spiritual and earthly legacy of Sufi Abut Hamid, Harlem cult leader, passed today into the hands of his wife, Mme. Fufutam. and leaders of his Universal Holy Temple of Tranquility believed Harlem was about to have its first black prophetess. Sufi Abdul Hamid, believed by his flock to have been born in the shadow of an Egyptian pyramid but known to police only as Eugene Brown, born in Philadelphia, was killed yesterday when his airplane ran out of gas and crashed on Long island. Fred Burkhardt, his white pilot, died and Catherine Price. his white secretary, was seriously injured. Last night Hamid s flock gathered in the temple, and a ceremony resembling the Buddhist was performed while, not far away, hundreds of followers of another Harlem prophet, Father Divine, were shouting, “peace, its wonderful!” Their ejaculations arose over the clamor of 2,500 negro picnickers, the rattle of thousands of dishes and eating utensils, four bands and an orchestra. Hamid was an aggressive spiritual leader. He dabbled at times in the Bible and Koran and several occult faiths. He was not displeased with the title he earned four years ago as “the black Hitler of Harlem.” He and his followers boycotted Jewish shops in Harlem that did not employ negroes. He was sentenced to 20 years in jail for almost creating a riot by his anti-Jewish speeches. IN DAY'S SECOND BATTLE— Two Jawbreakers Shot, Captured Hounds Track Down Another Officers Directed To Pair Fugitives Bound, Gagged GLADEWATER, August I. —(UP)—Kid Willis, fugitive from the Grayson county jail, was tracked down by bloodhounds and captured today after two gun battles with officers. Two companions of Willis'—Jack Beesling and Arthur Whetten—were captured earlier, after being shot by policemen fourth still free A fourth bandit, Bill Umphres. still wa* missing, He last was seen at the southern edge of Gladewater. Willis was caught by bloodhounds brought here from Dan-gerfield bv Shferiff Ben B. Garrett of Morris county. Willis, whom officers expected to put up a fight after the two previous battles, surrendered without why trouble when the Aogs found him. In the party that trapped him were Gladewater police, state officers, Sheriff Garrett, and Gregg county deputy sheriffs. ADMI I HIJACKING Willis, Whetten and Geesling were taken to jail at Longview. Whet ten and Geesling were wounded in a fight with Policeman Earl Laroe and George Duckworth after the robbery of a sandwich stand. Questioned while on operating tables at a Gladewater hospital, the wounded men said that they held up Ben Terry, elderly oil lease watchman, and his wife *t Kilgore, stole their automobile, and left the elderly couple tied up and locked In a building. The couple was rescued. The fugitives escaped from the Grayson county Jail at Sherman last Thursday. Bank Robbed NEW YORK, August I—(AP) —Four gunmen held up rn branch of the Banco di Apoli Trust company at First avenue and Twelfth street early this afternoon. Police said they fled with $50,000 in cash. An armed guard, usually on duty at the bank, was at lunch when the gunmen entered. They cowed 14 customers and nine employes. The cash they seized was to have been transferred later in the day to the banking firm’s main branch on lower Broadway. The branch bank is In the heart of a pushcart district on the lower East side. In Canine Language— SICCUM' UNCULTURED —Lexicographer Told Wilfred J. Funk, who timbre bin    W€»ek    by anno^ncinB that dogs of average in- 2 f I recognition vocabulary" of 60 words, disclosed to- 204    r*^laruh    !iBd enabled    to compile a dictionary    of 204 words understood by dogs in the higher I. Q brackets lexicographer said he compiled    the list after    talking to dogs of all breeds and mixtures. He said    it was easy to    determine a    dog s    Present or past social category    by talking to    it At the s- F-    V; A. shelter In Manhattan Funk said, he could tell for mer family dogs from the hoodlums because the latter had no vocabulary at all. Funk]s list started with "again" and ended with “your.” There were no X or Z ' words The longest was “downstairs." and the orthS! al-Jut ¥ I WOrdi had more than tWo syllables Most of them dealt with food or conduct. funk admitted to get the best understanding out of a dog. "he has to be your dog.” a?!?? Bi\ta the Funk household. Trusty, half German police and half hound .responded most intelligently. Dynamite a small black French poodle, paid no attention to the lexicographer because "he's strictly my wife's dog and I’m scared of him. Mrs. Funk disagreed with her husband’s estimation of Suzanne. a white French poodle which just started when spoken to. “She's dumb." said Funk. “She's not; shes cute," said Mrs. Funk. Many persons have written to Funk since his preliminary announcement last week, suggesting words he failed to include in the original 60. One woman objected to “sireum." She said it was a low word which no dog of culture would respond to. AMERICANS REPORT LOYALISTS CLAIMING REVENGE IN SPAIN Insurgents, Government Deadlocked In Bitter Fighting for City of Gandesa HENDAYE, French-Spanish Frontier, August I—(UP)—The 14th International Loyalist brigade, including Americans, suffered heavy losses and was driven back across the Ebro river today by a violent nationalist counter-attack, according to nationalist reports to the border. By HENRY C CASSIDY AT A SPANISH GOVERNMENT BASE HOSPITAL BEHIND THE EBRO FRONT. August I—(AP)—The first Americans to return from the front after fighting in the government offensive across the Ebro river said today the international brigade was taking “plenty of revenge' on the Insurgents for its previous defeat in the same sector. Volunteers who had been wounded slightly in action said they had won a smashing victory, driving deep into insurgent territory before coming back across the river on stretchers. I found the wounded men on cots in a long, cool ward in a former monastery on a hill overlooking the Mediterranean. They were talking and laughing and the sound of a School Transfer Deadline Tonight County Superintendent Tom McGehee was busy today checking the roll of transfers of pupils between Taylor county schools. “It s a long list and a big job." he said. He could give no estimate of the number of children who will change school districts. August I is the last day for making the transfers. The Weather ABILENE And vicinity:    Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. West Texas; Generally fair tonight and Tuesday. East Texas Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday; probably scattered thundershowers near coast. Highest temperature yesterday ,...9S Lowest temperature this morning . .74 HEM PER ATI! RES CLOUDY Dry thermometer W*t thermometer Relative humility harmonica came from the patio. ‘WE CAN STILL FIGHT Three Americans were there. Leonard Lamb of New York, who had a clean rifle wound through his right side; Saul Wellman oi New York, who had a shrapnel wound in his left leg; and Wilbert Wheeler of Seattle, who had blistered feet. Wellman said the advance “was a demonstration to the world we can still fight. Now we are goinr to take Gandesa.” Wellman spent an hour with James Lardner, son of the late Ring Lardner, in a first aid station, before they were sent by ambulance, boat and train to different hospitals. Lamb told a story about another American, Howard Goddard of Los Angeles. “He was riding up to the division on a motorcycle," he said, "when a party of about 30 fascist behind our lines cut across the road. “He had to stop and they raptured him. But he per suaded them all to surrender.” I Rebels Counterattack To Check Offensive HENDAYE. France — (At the Spanish Frontier)—August I—(A*)— Spanish insurgents launched a counter-offensive today on the southern end of the Catalan front in an attempt to cross the Ebro river near its delta and outflank government forces driving on Ganser WAR IN STAIN, P*. 8, Col. 8. Lamour Gets Scar HOLLYWOOD, Aug. I—(UP) -Dorothy Lamour, tile sarong-wearing sta; of tropic pictures was resting well today after an operation for acute appendicitis. Miss Lamour was stricken yesterday while rehearsing for a radio program. Dr. William Branch said she came through the operation “very well.” Her Husband, Herbie Kay, orchestra leader, was flying to her bedside from San Antonio, Texas. Allred Holds Fate of Boss AUSTIN. Aug. I.—(UP)—Gov. James V. Allred today waited a report from the Huntsville prison psychiatrist before deciding if he will grant a reprieve for Vince Boss, sentenced to be electrocuted after midnight for the murder of R. W. Albert. March 21, 1936. A report adverse to clemency was made by the state pardons and paroles board today. Train Crashes On Wide Front Sixty Lose Lives In Jamaica Wreck, Others Over Nation HOBART. Ind., Aug. I.—(ZP)—An automobile collided with the locomotive of the Pennsylvania railroad's Broadway limited at a crossing here today and five persons in | the car were killed. Dsputy Coroner Lowell T. Dupe.^ sai(f he believed the d?ad included one man. three women and a child. The bodies were mangled and identification was not immediately established. ROCKY RIDGE, O., Aug. I.— (UP)—Wet rails and a crowded schedule were blamed today for a train accident in which 34 persons were injured, several so seriously they may die. Approximately 50 persons were treated at the scene for slight cuts, bruises, and shock. i The Commodore Vanderbilt, de-I luxe passenger train of the New York Central operating between Chicago and New York, crashed into the Mercury, a stream-lined train of the same road, operating between Detroit and Cleveland, from behind. The trains were running only five minutes apart. Both operate at high speeds. The Mercury “grazed” an automobile at a crossing here and stopped to investigate, as required by regulations. It was raining and when the Commodore Vanderbilt came roaring along, her brakes wouldn’t hold. She skidded into the Mercury's observation car, wrecking it. KINGSTON, Jamaica. August I.—(UP)—Experts sought today to fix responsibility for a railroad wreck that killed approximately 60 persons and inured more than 79. It was feared more would die. The wreck occurred late Saturday on the main line from Kingston to Monetgo bay, about 70 miles from here. SHIP NIAGARA' ROTS BY LAKE ON BIRTHDAY ERIE. Pa., Aug. I.—(ZP)—The ‘ Niagara,’’ on whose shot-torn. blood-washed decks Commodore O. H. Perry wrote “we have met the enemy and they are ours,” lay rotting on the shore of Lake Erie today as the 125th anniversary of Perry’s victory over the British approached. A proposal of an Ohio committee to tow the boat from port to port in celebration of the anniversary Sept. IO drew attention to the flight of the historic craft, little larger than a lifeboat of a modern battle cruiser- Pennsylvania authorities refused to permit her removal in her present condition. The “Niagara" served as flagship of the 28-year-old commodore fleet of eight tiny vessels after he boarded her from the sinking “Lawrence". She settled to the bottom of Misery bay a few years after the battle, but was raised in 1912 and towed around the lake in 1913 as part of the centennial observance of Perry s triumph, which gave the United States control of the lakes and forced the British from Detroit. Second Wreck Victim Is Dead Double Funeral For Prominent Coloradoan, Son COLORADO, Aug. I—Funeral for lather and son. victims of an auto-mobile-truck collision Saturday on highway 28, nine miles south of Plainview, will be held at the family home here this aft.-rr.on at 5 o clock. James H. Guitar Jr., 24 was killed instantly and his father, James H. Guitar Sr.. 60, morning about I o'clock in view hospital. Both were prominent citizens of Colorado. The youth's head was crushed. one arm mangled and several bones which P^edcd in his body broken when the car ann°oncement Bulletins Give Impression Big Battle in Offing Moscow Reports Repulse of Japs In Frontier Fight HSINKING, M a n c h oukuo, Aug. I.—(AP)—The Japanese army announced today 50 Soviet warplanes inflicted slight damage on railways in an afternoon raid on Changkufeng and vicinity in the disputed border region. It said four Soviet aircraft were brought down on Korean territory while one was believed down in Manchukuo after the raiders dropped nearly 30 bombs. It added that Japanese used only anti-aircraft fire as they were too near the border to use defensive planes. (A Tokyo announcement of the same incident said Japanese planes were used to repel the reported attack.) Communique Claims Russians Withdraw T0K\0, Aug. I—(ZP)—A Korean army communique reported today Soviet warplanes bombed Japanese positions heavily in the disputed area on the Sibcrian-Manchoukuoan frontier. The communique said Soviet squadrons, flying In formation, including heavy bombers, thundered over Changkufeng at 2 30 p. rn <1:30 am. Abilene time), bombing the contested hill and other points along the Korean boundary' where Japanese were concentrated. NEWS GUARDED Japanese were stated to have been without casualties. The communique, as the others before it which announced a clash Sunday in which Japanese were stated to have wrested Changkufeng hill and other positions from the Russians, were couched in guarded phraseology. Cautious statements, however, appeared to give the impression a major battle was developing in the disputed area. (In Moscow dispatches Japanese The Japanese and the Russians are having another one of ^ those border disputes that keep the alarm gongs sounding. Japan protested when Russian troops marched up a hill in the Changkufeng area, claiming the hill for her own. Russia denied the claim. The question is complicated because the borders of Korea. Man-choukuo and Russia converge near the disputed area. Nearby Possiet bay is one of the few points on the coastline suitable for a submarine base Business Scene Grows Brighter 'Feeling Grows Worst Been Seen/ Optimistic Bank Report Asserts WASHINGTON, August I— <UP) —Labor, banking and government agencies today surveyed the national business scene and discerned increasing indications of an accelerating recovery trend. The American Federation of Labor reported multiplying signs of business improvement, including an estimated employment gain of 7,000 in June and arresting of the unemployment spiral and said trade union reports "forecast still further improvement in employment.” The federation conditioned its predictions, however, with the assertion that although business executives are “more hopeful" and confi- -—    I    dence    is    growing. Publisher Dies At Ballinger * Services Are Said For J. M. Skinner, Veteran Teacher BALLINGER. Aug. I — fSpl)— Funeral for J M. Skinner, 82, for many years a teacher in the public were reported to have teen "strong-1 50110015 of Texas, was held at IO o’-ly rebuffed" in a clash on the Si- clock this morning from the First berian frontier zone. They were said Methodist church here. to have sustained ."great losses both tor. °f men and materials." Only brie! • Pi-Tr! n€wsPaper reports of the incident a Plain- I were published.) JAPS ON DEFENSIVE A Japanese army communique the Korean army' said that Russian in which the    _    _____ crashed into    a truck and    then Into    from Cntngkuftng, on the Manchu another car.    His father    received a    ku°-Sllxri*n border, where a    clash skull fracture and severe    cuts about    described as a "terrible fight"    took Persons in    the other    P1 ace yesterday. Mr. Skinner died at 10:05 o'clock Sunday morning at his home here He had been critically 111 for a week. Mr. Skinner was a native of Mis-1 souri. born near Salisbury. He came to Texas in 1390 to begin his teach- I ins career at Mineola. He was su- we cannot yet say surely that the comer has been turned.” JOBS 8HOW WAY 'Hie commerce department's weekly business survey saw optimism in a m-ide range of report*, including moderate improvement in wholesale markets during the week ended July 27. “Reports of gradually Increasing employment from scattered points brightened the background of the general business picture,” the department said. “Reports also indicated a continued favorable reduction in the stock sales ratio of wholesale firms, although merchants are generally somewhat * curious on fall commitments. “There are indications from widely scattered sections of the country of some slight improvement in the employment situation. Relief rolls in Pennsylvania decreased 8,-653 persons in the week ended July 16. Families on relief in Boston declined by about 1,000 for the week.” MARKET KEEPS PLUGGING ■WO were riding '.'oops mere withdrawing northward J*rtn<wxl«>t of the Ballinger pub- I lnJ“ “ndlUonT'ttfe NaUonafcitv -nrk mn    I    from    Cncneicuf.    nn    tx.    w   lie schools from 1917 to 1925 and *    -    concuuonSi    tJie    rational    City the head automobile and the truck were un injured. James H. Jr. was a June Jaw graduate of Texas university and -    this summer had been Dractioinp idays.    The    train    was    being    drawn    law in the office of Harry Ratliff and pushed    up a    steep    grade    by two | bere. He was a graduate of Colo- The five-coach train was crowded with about 300 persons, many of them bound for the country on hoi locomotives, one at the head and the other at the rear. NEW YORK. August I.—tjpt—An empty elevated train rammed into the rear of a three-car train containing 50 passengers early today and injured IO persons. rado high school and of Kemper military academy at Booneville, Mo. COMPRESS MANAGER James H. Sr. w’as manager of the Guitar compress, an oil mill and the Guitar gins of Colorado. Members of the family surviving are Mrs. Guitar, Don Guitar of lie schools for several years prior to that had bean principal of the high school. He came to Ballinger in 1903 and taught at several schools near here. He was a stockholder of the Bal-I linger Printing company, publisher of the Ballinger Ledger, and had had an interest in the company i I since 1906. eign office declared Japan now wits , ®U™iV°"    h“ wife:    a ready to assume the defensive and    mes The report of the Russian withdrawal followed a Japanese assertion that Soviet forces had been driven from the disputed frontier territory. Both the war oifice and the for- bank of New York said the brisk rise in security values has been an event of outstanding importance, spreading hope and encouragement See RECOVERY, Pg. 8, Col. 3. had no further intention of advancing Colorado's Flood Waters Reach Gulf WHARTON. August I—<UP> — The Colorado river whose flood during ihe past week has caused approximately $5,000,000 damage to fertile farmlands, dumped its burden into Matagorda Bay today, 40 miles south of here. Floods aters which inundated two-thirds of this city and made 500 persons homeless receded slowly from streets here and residents began repairing damaged property. As the flood made Its way into the Gu,f of Mexico, it covered the streets of Matagorda and forced some families to leave their homes, but the situation was not critical. Bandit Takes $50 From Coleman Man COLEMAN. Aug. I—<Spl.)—Local officers today are seeking a masked bandit who shortly before midnight last night held up J. L. Nixon, local filling station operator, and took 850. The man walked into Nixon's station, located near the business district, and said, “I want it.” Nixon handed over the money and replied, “You have it.” It was the second stick up here by a masked man in two weeks. The other one was at a filling station on the north side of town. The crash occurred on the Inter- Colorado. Hunt Guitar of New Or-trough rapid transit line at a place leans, and Sara Guitar of Colon known as "dead man s curve." be- | Mr. Guitar Sr. has two surviv Pioneer Fisher Stockman Is Dead ROTAN. Aug. I—(Sp!)—Funeral * ,pl*ct <““»• *.nd s*ra Guitar of Colorado' for J K. Adair. 91. farmer-,(acta,.,, Of Fisher county for 63 years, will are    Fred    r-iiit-r    w J7----  **    he!u at 4    k at th* commun- e    Tied    Guitar    of Merkel    and itv taoernaiTo son. Skinner, Ballinger; two daughters, Mrs. George McCulley Kingsville. and Mrs. Crawford Limburg, Menard; a sister, Mrs. J. W. Patison, Fort Worth. C P. Shepherd, a local attorney, and T. D. Shepherd. Coleman, are half brothers; Mrs Gus Lehnhoff. a half sister, lives in Dallas. The Rev. Frank Turner Hamilton in Kansas Thaory Discounted KANSAS CITY. Mo., August I— (UP)—State highway patrolmen today discounted a theory that three bandits who kidnaped and robbed in rural Jackson county yesterday were members of the Parker-Bar-row gang. Robert Kaiousek, 17 - year-old Greenwood youth kidnaped by the trio, told patrolmen one of the ban- cause dozens of persons have plung- ing brothers and three sisters The ed to the street, more than IOO feet below, in suicide leaps there. Levee Breaks BROWNSVILLE, August I— I AP)—Workers fought against a flooding Rio Grande here Monday attempting to check with sand bags a widening levee break through which flood waters poured to inundate a section of the military highway nine miles west of Brownsville. O'Doniel, Lee Not To Attend Conclave Other pressing business made it necessary for W. Lee O Daniel, gubernatorial nominee, to decline a speaking date in Abilene at the West Texas Pharmaceutical Associations convention, August 16 17 and 18. Announcement also was made by Program Chairman Frank Myers that Senator Josh Lee of Oklahoma will not attend the convention because oi a previous speaking engagement. “We are attempting to line up anothe, outstanding speaker,’' said Myers, and probably will be ready for an announcement by tomorrow. * ^ ,      and Will Guitar of Abilene. Mary Guitar. Mrs. Virginia Crispin and Mrs. Adele Guitar Lockett, all of Abilene. All will attend the funeral with the exception of Mrs. Crispin Mitchell County Pioneer Is Buried COLORADO. August I—(Sui) — An illness of several weeks claimed the life of Wm. Arthur Dozier. 75. resident of Mitchell county for 4C years, at the home of a son, Boyd Dozier, in Colorado Sunday morn- j ing at 2:30. Funeral services were held Sun- S«e DEATHS, Pg. g, Col. 7. a County Line, 18 miles northwest pl here. The Rev. J C. Parks, BapiLt minister, will officiate. Burial will follow in the Cottonwood Grove cemetery. Born February 6, 1847. Mr. Adair came to Fisher county in 1875. He    LONDON.    Aug    I.—< UP)—Mahat mas one of tile earliest settlers of ma M. K. Gandhi soon may underlie county and often related to a rejuvenation treatment, the niends stories of hunting buffalo    newspaper The    People reported    yes- on the plains when the county was    terday. spared;, settled.    The    newspaper    said    that Gandhi, He died at Ins home near County now 69 years old, would put himself Line early Sunday morning. He had ! under the care of Raj Vaidya Anand , Metho- dits used the name of a Missouri cist pastor, officiated for the fu-1 penitentiary inmate who had, been neral. with burial following in the' transferred from the Boonville re- ; formatoiy to the prison. Eariiei it was believed that two of the three men were Floyd Hamilton and Ted Walters, Texasfugi- Evergreen cemetery. Gandhi to Undergo Rejuvenation Care made his home at County Line since he settled there in 1890. Survivors are his widow, two brothers. Will Adair of County Line and Tom Adair of Rotan, and one sister, Mrs. L. B. Allen of Roby. Swami to take an ancient Hindu yogi treatment as part of which he would live alone for 60 days in an underground cell, living on orange and lemon juice and receiving three doses a day of a secret remedv. tives who are warned in four states. Shirley Still in Bed BOSTON. August I—uPi—Shirley Temple, nine-year-old film star, spent he* third day in bed at a Boston hotel today, recuperating from a slight illness which resulted in postponement of a trip to Montreal planned for today. Shirley’s physician, Dr. Leo Madsen who flew here from Santa Monica, Calif., said the illness “was not serious at all." but he ordered postponement of th? Montreal trip. FANS VETO SHEARER CHOICE FOR BEST SELLER FILM LEAD By HUBBARD KEAVY HOLLYWOOD. August I—(ZP) —The public never will know how many of Its letter writers became indignant over the casting of Norma Shearer as Scarlett O'Hara. Th. number was sufficient, anyway, to cause Miss Shearer to tell Producer David Shellack, as she formally announced yesterday, that she thought har ts self unsuited as the leading lady of his “Gone With The Wind." In making and breaking stars, Hollywood has learned that fan mail must be taken into account. It has been suggested that the naming of Miss Shearer might have been a straw in the wind, lf It was, It got results. Between three and four million letters a year are addressed to Hollywooders, big and little. Miss Shearer obviously took her cue from her fan mail. She indicated two weeks ago she would consider pretty carefully before agreeing to bring Margaret Mitchell's heroine to celluloid life. Yesterday she said she had received “Quite a few letters. Many of them were surprisingly interesting." And so, the public having spoken, the nominations list for Hollywood’s most discussed casting again is open. Your guess as to who will replace Norma in Selznic’s favor is as good as anyone’s. Tallulah Bankhead may be in the running again. Many still like Katharine Hepburn and hundreds once voted for Margaret Sullivan. Miriam Hopkins is another. ;