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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 30, 1974, Abilene, Texas t&Jje &trilene Reporter -Befog"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron 83RD YEAR, NO. 317 PHONE 673-4271ABILENE, TEXAS, 79604, TUESDAY MORNING. APRIL 30, 1974—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES IN FOUR SECTIONS Associated PronTape Disclosures Will 'Tell All/ Nixon Says By GAYLORD SHAW Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (A P) -President Nixon announced Monday night he is releasing to Congress and to the nation more than 1,200 pages of White House transcripts that he said “will tell it all” about Watergate and prove his innocence. Nixon said the edited transcripts cover all relevant portions of tape recordings subpoenaed by the House Judiciary Committee for its inquiry into his possible impeachment. And he said the senior Democrat and Republican on that panel will be permitted to listen to the tape recordings in full, to verify that what he is releasing is the entire story. The President said in a nationally broadcast address that for the House committee and for all Americans who read the massive set of documents, the evidence of his innocence will be persuasive — “and I hope conclusive.” The major networks said they gave Nixon free time for the speech because they re- Gurney Indicted Over Election Law Violation TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) — Sen. Edward J. Gurney, R-Fla., a member of the Senate Watergate committee, has been indicted by a county grand jury here on charges of violating state election laws, his office announced Monday. Gurney immediately declared his innocence, and termed the indictment a “political Pearl Harbor attack” by Democrats seeking his Senate seat. John G a r d n e r, Gurney’s Washington press aide, said Gurney had been indicted on a law' against accepting campaign funds without designating a campaign treasurer or setting up a campaign bank account. Gurney’s office said the indictment involved only one count and was for a misdemeanor that carries a maximum penalty of a $1,000 fine and one year in jail. The grand jury had been told on Friday by Circuit Judge John Rudd that it could indict a federal official for a violation of that state law. The Leon County grand jury reportedly ordered the indictment drawn up last Friday, before it recessed until Wednesday. The grand jury began its investigation of Gur- EDWARD GURNEY . . . Watergate panel member ney at the urging of Marshall Harris, a Democratic state legislator from Miami. There was no confirmation from prosecutors on Gurney s statement that he had been indicted. “This is an unfortunate result of a vicious and unwarranted attack,” Gurney said in a statement. “I am confident that the process of justice and courts will operate swiftly to See GURNEY, Pg. 14A, Col. I PAGE ONE Some weeks ago, during the pre-Easter spring holiday for Abilene schools. Abilene architect Richard Buzard lost his wallet. Now, Buzard is not the soil ut fellow who goes around losing billfolds. In fact, he does not recall ever losing his before. And he suspects that in this instance it was not lost in tile literal sense. Whatever the facts —- and Buzard is uninformed on details — he has his wallet back. And with its return came a new realization that there are some fine people in the world, among them one Georges Pachkoff of 2$ Rue de La Sabliere, Pans, France. 0 * * Mr. and Mrs. Buzard were among the dozen or so Abilene parents and students who flew to Paris for a week's stay during the spring break. And in Paris Buzard and his billfold parted company. He discovered it missing when he stalled to pay his bill at a restaurant. Thinking back over the day he decided he had been victimized by an expert Paris pickpocket. He thought he could guess when and where. That morning the Abilenens had been in the Montmartre quarters. Buzard remembered he had been particularly interested in watching this one artist at work.. .had stood there a long time.. .studying the artist s work.. .paying no attention lo the crowd around him. That must have been it. An expert must have lifted his wallet out of an inside pocket — under his topcoat and jacket. in ¥    * However it happened, the wal- BY KATHARYN DUFF lei was gone. In it were all his credit cards, two tickets to Hie Westw'ood Theater, about $10 American money, a wad of francs worth about $50 U.S. And tucked among the cards was his “good luck” $2 bill, one Buzard has carried for years. All this was gone — but, thank goodness, he had followed the rule of the wary traveler and had his passport and traveler s checks in another holder in another pocket. They were intact. * * * Buzard chalked his loss up to experience, lie and the others went on and enjoyed the rest of the Paris visit. On return he had his credit cards cancelled and new ones issued. And he had put the incident out of his mind until late last week when a surprise call came to him from an office at Dyess Air Force Base. “We have your wallet. Sir.” the Dyess caller announced. “It was sent to us from Paris,” When Buzard got out to Dyess to pick up his possession he learned the name. George T’aeh* koff, and address of tile Parisian who had found the billfold. He learned little else except that Pachkoff had somehow got it ta authorities who got it to Dyess. He found the $10 American money and $50 worth of French money missing. But the credit cards, the lucky $2 bill and two passes to the Westwood Theater were still in place. Way Buzard figures it, the pickpocket grabbed the cash and tossed the billfold with tile other contents away. M. Pachkoff picked it up and did an act of kindness. garded it as a newsworthy event. Several top Democrats, including National Chairman Robert S. Strauss and Speaker of the House Carl Albert of Oklahoma, questioned the networks’ action. In a 34-minute speech to the nation, Nixon announced what is essentially a compromise, on his terms, with the House committee’s demand for tape recordings of 42 White House conversations. —The transcripts, which he said have been edited to elimi nate material that has no bearing on possible knowledge cf Watergate or the cover-up. will be delivered to the House committee before the subpoena deadline at 9 a.rn. CDT Tuesday. —The White House will : Ss make these documents public after they are delivered to the committee. —Rep. Peter J. Rodino, D-N.J., the committee chairman, and Rep. Edward Hutchinson. R-Mich., the senior COP member, may listen to the tapes at the White House to cheek the accuracy of the transcripts, and to satisi> themselves that no relevant portions have been eliminated from the written record. Hutchinson said this arrangement seemed to him to be adequate, but Democrats un the committee were not immediately willing to go along Nixon said that never before “have records that are so private been made so public.” He said they contain “uninhibited discussion ... brutal candor ... confusions and con tradictions." He acknowledged that their release will be embarrassing not only to him but to others involved in the conversations “In giving you these blemishes and all — I ain placing my trust in the basic fairness of the American people.’’ Nixon said. “I know in my own heart that through the long, painful and difficult process revealed in these transcripts, I was trying to discover what was right and to do u hat was right. • I hope and trust that when you have seen the evidence iii its entirety, you will see the truth of that statements.” As Nixon spoke from the Oval Office, the two stacks of notebooks contanmg transfix NIXON, Pg. MA. Col f Guerrillas Free U.S. Oil Executive Exchange of smiles Roland Close, an employe of the Abilene Animal Shelter, exchanges smiles with a turtle which he captured on Butternut Monday. Where the turtle came from is unknown. Staff photographer Don Blakley was at the animal shelter taking a picture of the Pet of the Week when Close and his turtle arrived. The turtle is not the pet of the week. 2 Networks Say Antitrust Suit Was for 'Refusing to Play Ball' Bv LINDA DEUTSCH LOS ANGELES (AP) - The CBS and ABC television networks accused the Nixon administration Monday of bringing an antitrust suit against them in retaliation for the networks’ refusal to “play ball” with the administration. Jn legal documents filed here, the two networks said some of their representatives, including CBS White House correspondent Dan Rather, were “quietly and privately threatened” by administration spokesmen. Among those named as having issued threats were Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler, former domestic affairs adviser John D. Ehrlichman and former special counsel Charles W. Colson. Rather, in a sworn affadav-it. said Ziegler told him in February 1971 tiiat “the telev ision networks were ‘anti-N’ix-cn' and that ‘they are going to have to pay for that sooner or later, one way or another.”’ Bather's statement added, “On at least one and perhaps two occasions, John Ehrlichman, then assistant to the President for domestic affairs stated to me, in words or substance. that ‘the networks will get theirs, of that you can be sure.’ I believe that the first occasion on which Mr. Ehrlichman made such a remark to me was in 1970 or 1971.” The affidavits were filed in response to a suit the Justice Department filed against ABC. CBS and NBG on April 14. 1972. The suit asks that the three networks be prohibited f r o rn syndication activities and acquisition of interests in programs obtained from independent producers. One portion of the suit alleged that CBS excluded from prime time any entertainment programs in which it had no ownership. and claimed this violated the Sherman Act. The affidavits were filed in U.S. District Court. In’ one of them, former CBS President Frank Stanton said Colson complained about CBS devoting too much time to Watergate and threatened the network with financial ruin. “In early November, 1972,” said Stanton, “Mr. Colson called me on the telephone and said in substance that unless CBS substantially changed its news treatment of the Nixon administration. ’things will get much worse for CBS.’ He also said, in sub stance, ‘you didn't play ball during the campaign ... we ll bring you to your knees in Wall Street and on Madison Avenue.’” Bv HENRY S. ACKERMAN Associated Press Writer BUENOS AIRES, Argentina ( Ap) — American oil executive Victor E. Samuelson, looking pale and tired, was released Monday 49 days after the Exxon Corp. paid a record ransom of $14.2 million, informed sources said. Ile had been held bv guerrilla kidnapers nearly five months. The sources said the 36-\ ear-old executive was released by the Marxist guerrillas of the People's Revolutionary Army — FRP — at the home of a family doctor in the suburbs of Buenos Aires. The friends served him tea. took him to a downtown hotel and later he boarded a plane for the United States, the sources said. He was reported traveling under an assumed name Esso Argentina, the Exxon subsidiary that employed Samuelson as a refinery manager until guerrillas seized him from the refinery's dining room Dec. 6, confirmed the release. Company spokesmen said the firm withheld confirmation until Samuelson was safely out of the country. The ERP announced the release in a communique re ceived bv the Buenos Airts newspaper (Tonica, and gave Samuelson’s location as the home of Dr. Frederico Wister Pfister. a pediatrician, took care of Samuelson’* three children belore the children were evacuated from the country along with Samuelson’ ■ wife in January. The doctor’s home is in Aeassuso. about 15 miles north of Buenos Aire*. Pfister’s ^on Martin, a medical student, said he and his father had tea with Samuelson, who appeared well and was dressed in conventional business clothing. Martin said Samuelson “was tranquil and did not speak much about his experience.” “When Samuelson apijeared. we all drank tea wnth nu family and then I took him in im- car to the Abear Palace hotel in Buenos Aires, where I let him out.” Martin said. A company source said Samuelson eventually appeared at the apartment of a high-ranking Esso executive, Peter Kinnear. Ile talked with Esso officials for about eight hours before he vias taken to Ezciza airport, the source added. Forecaster Encourages Area Residents to 'Hang On' for Rain With a 90 per cent chance of ram predicted Tuesday, U.S. Weather Service forecaster Jerry O’Bryant urged area residents to “hang on' until the rains begin to fall. Abilene had received univ a trace of rain by IO p.m. Mon- WHERE ll RAINED 2-Dav GOREE ...1.48 Monday Total HASKELL .....97 ABILENE HERMLEIGH •• 2 o Municiapl Airport , .TR KNOX CITY . ..2.10 Total for Year .3.68 MERKEL . MUNDAY ... TR ...1.41 Normal for Year . .5.32 OLD GLORY .. ..180 BAIRD _________ TR ROTAN ...LIO .30 I JO BALLINGER ..TR RULE _________ CLYDE ............ ..TR SEYMOUR ... . ... 1.24 COLEMAN . .. ..TR SNYDER . .1.40 COLORADO CITY .10 .52 STAMFORD . .. .25 DUBLIN .......... . 03 SWEETWATER 40 EASTLAND .. .. TR WINTERS . TR Soviets Pledge Mideast Impasse Help day. but O’Bryant said a lute of thunderstorms was moving into the area from the west and .should arrive about midnight. Ile said the front is still in the Panhandle, and may sit there for a while and just pump thunderstorms in this direction. In the Abilene area, Hermleigh reported two inches of tam by IO p.m. Monday; Old Glory 1.80 inches; Munday 1.41; Snyder 1.40; and Goree 1.41). Rotan reported LIO. Haskell 97 and Colorado City .52. Inside Today Chrysler Says Earnings Fell 98 Per Cent ALGIERS (API - Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger received Soviet assurances Monday of help in soh mg the Syrian-Israeli deadlock, then flew to Algiers on the second leg of his Middle East peace mission. The Soviet pledge was outlined in a joint communique after more than nine hours of talks in Geneva between Kissinger and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko. But American officials said the pledge vvas essentially an expression of attitude and its more precise meaning would not become clear until Kissinger reaches Damascus at the end of the week. A senior American official said the pledge should not be taken to mean that Washington and Moscow have decided on a common disengagement plan. In fact, he insisted Kis singer had none precisely in mind himself, except possibly the eventual stationing of United Nations forces between the Syrian and Israeli armies. The Kissinger entourage permitted speculation to continue that Gromyko would join Kissinger in Damascus, possibly playing a very active role in the disengagement diplomacy. So far, the Soviets have been counseling the Syrians to insist on a massive Israeli withdrawal, and to watch out for “piecemeal” and “ersatz” settlements. Kissinger was to go on to Cairo Tuesday for talks with President Anwar Sadat of Egypt. Officials said the point of the Algiers stop was President Houari Boumediennes “special relationship” with Syria. In bnef arrival comments at the Munson Blanche airport outside Algiers, Kissinger said the United States was making a “major effort” to stop the fighting in the Golan Heights, now in its 49th consecutive day, “as rapidly as possible” on a basis both sides can .accept. A joint statement issued bv Kissinger and Gromkvo after their Geneva talks said tile two statesmen conducted a "lull review of questions of mutual interest.” including the Middle East and Strategic Arms Limitation Talks— SALT. They added that “a number of agreements designed to broaden cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union, to further reduce the danger of war and strengthen international peace’’ will lie prepared for conclusion when President Nixon makes his planned trip to Europe and the Sov let Union. Sources said Kissinger and Gromyko spent the entire morning on the Middle East The communique said the two men “agreed to exercise then influence toward a positive outcome and to remain in close touch w ith each other so as to strive to coordinate them efforts for a peaceful settlement in the area.” “Both sides expressed themselves in favor of the resumption of the work of the Geneva peace conference on the Middle East at an early date,” the statement added. After lunch, the ministers turned to the SALT issue, currently one of the toughest questions in LTS,-Soviet relations. Tho joint statement said “the two sides agreed to pursue their efforts towards agreement" Chrysler Corp. says world gasoline shortages, mfla- Hon and tea r of a reces- sion contributed to a drop of 98 per cent in its first-quarter earnings. Pg. 12A The Supreme Court rules that prison officials may censor inmates' mail only to preserve order, secur- ity or rehabilitation Pa IOA. 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