Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 30, 1944, Abilene, Texas
BOND BOX SCORE
^Since Pearl Harbor $16,786,668.00 April Quota $ 231,700.00
the Abilene Reporter SUNDAY
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE'FCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES -Byron
VOL. LXIII, NO. 318.
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE,'TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 30, 1944-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS
United Preu (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
Hirohito Given Birthday Present, - - Heavy Losses
Won't Accept Nomination
: • .; v f
GERMAN PRISONERS REMOVED FROM ANZIO AREA—German prisoners, captured ^luring stalemate battling in the Anzio-Nettuno area of Italy, are loaded on landing craft at Anzio harbor. They are en route to a prison camp
(AP Wirephoto from Navy).
•Berlin's Jitters Stepped UP
ADVANCED ALLIED H E AD-1 Republican Nebraska congressman QUARTERS, New Guinea, Sunday,I had urged the general to be a sil-April 30—(/P)—Gen. Douglas Mac- I ent candidate and MacArthur had Arthur, back from an invasion1 expressed appreciation of the in
•Massive Raid hovers City
LONDON, April 29 —UP)— Two thousand U. S. warplanes smashing through box-like stacks of hundreds of German fighters in the greatest daylight battle of the war cast a 2,500-tcn torrent of exploding steel and incendiaries on invasion-jittery Berlin today at a cost ft 63 bombers and 14 fighters.
A U. S. communique tonight said that 88 German planes were destroyed In combat, 72 by the guns of the Flying Fortress and Libera tor crews, and 16 by a powerful es Wort of American Thunderbolt, Lightning and Mustang fighters which also wrecked parked Nazi aircraft and shot up 21 locomotives
At midnight the German ra-f din indicated that BAF night raiders were carrying the unprecedented assaults into the 16th straight day by warning that Allied planes were over the Rhenish-Westphalian industrial area of Germany.
Great fires were kindled in the heart of the German capital which was bombed visually through holes in a cloud cover. The communique ternfed enemy fighter opposition i‘determined” and declared there were many heavy air battles between our aircraft and the enemy’s.” The German-controlled Vichy radio in one of its most outspoken broadcasts said flatly that “vast ..fires broke out in Berlin.” The VNazi-controlled Oslo radio, said ‘‘heavy damage and fires” were spread in the heart of the German
capital. . . ,
The German fighter force encaged in what returning fliers de-f-cribed as the greatest mass sky battles of the war.
Despite the severity of the fighting. the loss of 63 American bomber* was not quite as costly as two
New Flight Manual Contains Words, Pictures for Fliers
It was five less
than fell in the first mass assault ion Berlin March 6.
A separate official announcement laid Thunderbolt fighter-bombers flnd fighters attacked an enemy air field near Rennes in northern France witout loss.
The Berlin assault was declared to be not only the fiercest air battle ever fought at the Nazi capital: It was the fiercest ever fought in the whole course
of the war. r The Germans threw up their new twin-engined plane, the Cooke Wulf 189, among others, and Nazi airmen unhesitatingly flew their planes into their own flak — making suicides of whole
Simultaneously another force of un to 500 Flying Fortresses and Liberators from Italy beat against the southern rim of Hitlers imperilled continental fortress, hurl-4L a great weight of explosives on the port and submarine pens of
T™°entwo American daylight blows followed a night plunge «««»“« star-lit north sea by big RAF Wtoasters which attacked a ma Sr German air base repair depot
J «« —IU* Ahiclrffi the
FORT WORTH. April 29—IP)— The Army Air Forces training command (AAFTC) displayed today a series of manuals for flight instructors and student pilots reducing to words and pictures the business of flying combat airplanes.
Describing them as the first of their sort in militarv history, A AFTC said the manuals presented the command’s standardized Instruction technique which was “based on aggregate experience of millions of hours of flight Instruction, and hours flown in combat since Pear! Harbor.”
There are eight of the loose-leaf, graphically illustrated books, one for students and one for instructors, covering the four phases of pilot training—primary, basic, advanced single engine, and advanced two engine. Illustrations Include more than 1.000 cartoons.
A AFTC and the Air Forces office of flying safety collaborated to publish them. Even the little things are covered.
The student’s manual In primary says, for example: “Don’t wear heavy shoes. Thin soles will make it easier for you to get a better ‘feel’ of the rudder." The corresponding instructors manual directs: “Discourage the wearing of heavy-soled shoes. A beginner will Ret a better ‘feel’ of the rudder if the soles of his shoes are thin and flexible."
The manuals are another step in standardization of instruction which the command found necessary as flying training expanded. First it discovered it must teach its instructors so that they would teach the execution of fundamentals alike. Ultimately the central instructors school was established at Randolph field.
It became a clearing house for combat experience and new training; the evaluation center for training aids, devices, and techniques.
In a foreword to each instructors manual. Lt. Gen. Barton K Yount, AAFTC commanding general, says: These manuals have been tested, compiled, and recorded over the period of more than a quarter of a century that the Army pilot train
ing program has been developing. They represent the accumulated experience of thousands of instructors with hundreds of thousands of student pilots and millions of hours of flying instruction. Combat has given the final, acid test to the program."
which carried him 500 miles nearer his cherished goal of returning to the Philippines, stated unequivocally today he neither desired nor would accept nomination for president of the United States.
Noting "a widespread public opinion that it is detrimental to our war effort” for an active military leader to be considered for the office, he said “I request that no action be taken that would link my name in any way with the nomination."
“I do not covet it nor would I accept it,” read his brief statement concerning movements in the United States to make him the Republican pre sldential nominee.
It was his first unequivocal and positive reply to individuals and groups who long have been urging the general to either come out into the open or to be a silent but draftable candidate.
The flat statement capped a series of developments in which a
terest manifested but did not make clear whether he would accept if drafted.
‘Since my return from the Hol-landia operations, I have had brought to my attention a widespread public opinion that it is detrimental to our war effort to have an officer in high position on active service at the front considered for the nomination for the office of president.
(The Hollandia operation referred to was the invasion and conquest within less than a week of a Dutch New Guinea sector which has three vital airdromes, within bombing range of the Philippines. American warplanes now are using those fields).
“I have on several occasions announced I was not a candidate for the position. Nevertheless, in view of these circumstances in order to make my position unequivocal I request that no artion be taken that would link my name in any way with the nomination.
“I do not covet it nor would I accept it.”
Neither General MacArthur nor his spokesman had any comment to make on the statement but the war correspondents at his advanced headquarters did not fail to note the significant contrast between today’s unequivocal statement and the wording of his recent letters to the Republican congressman, A. L. Miller of Nebraska.
In one of his letters to Miller he had said "I have not sought the office nor do I seek it.”
Today he said “I do not covet it nor would I accept it,”
MacArthurs statement today backed up a previous one he had made some time ago when mention of his presidential possibilities in the United States was in the early discussion stages. At that time he stated he was a military man who had started his career as a soldier and hoped to finish as one.
Today’s statement implied an agreement with that section of public opinion that believed it detrimental to the war effort for an officer in high position on active service to be considered for presidential office.
JAPS THROWN BACK ON THREE ASIATIC FRONTS
By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor
Allied commanders celebrated Emperor Hirohito’s 43rd birthday vesterdav by announcing his crack troops had been thrown back in China, his jungle forces pinned down in India, and his Pacific air bases pockmarked by bombs.
Tokyo broadcast that the) *
emperor himself was ‘ deeply concerned with intensified
BONEHEAD CLUB GROWS FEARFUL
at Kheller, Oslo.
ll miles outside
yrnes Subpoenaing sked by Defendant
WASHINGTON. April 28—(Pi James J. Laughlin, a defense attorney in the trial of 30 alleged seditionists, today asked that James F jfcrnes, Director of Economic Stabilization be subpoenaed as a de-lense witness.
Byrnes’ testimony is desired, the affidavit said, to show he visited Oermany in 1936 and “made cer-statements complimentary to Hitler regime" and “In Nuremberg gave the Nasi salute.'
Berlin Declares Invasion Starts With Air Force
DALLAS, April 29 — OF! -The Bonehead club of Dallas, fearing that U. S. Attorney General Fran-cis Biddle mlgh’c have his eyes on Air Force is now actually in the
LONDON. April 29—c^)—Tile Al lied war of nerves today kept Germany tensely expectant of momentary landings on the continent, and Berlin itself said "the lnvarion
PENICILLIN AIDING GIRL IN STAMFORD SANITARIUM
STAMFORD, April 29—(Spl.)—I has been used for the first time at Penicillin, the rare new drug used I the Stamford sanitarium in treat-
m treatment of certain diseases,
that organization, went to court today to enjoin Biddle and others from interfering with the club.
A permanent injunction was issued by Justice of the Peace W. L. Sterrett, without a hearing, to prevent Biddle, the National War Labor Board and Sewell Avery, chairman of Montgomery Ward, from molesting the club.
The club, in another action, obtain'd mandatory injunction that it. Gen. George S. Patton Jr., file his application to become a member, “because he has been qualified by his actions "
Missouri River Rise No Record
By the Associated Press
The turbulent Missouri river reached the peak of its flood crest at St. Charles, Mo., yesterday and Its torrents sent the Mississippi river rising slowly toward one of the highest stages in weather bureau history.
The Missouri halted its surge at 36.5 feet, one-tenth of a foot under its 99-year record established last May. However, rain was forecast and there was danger the river would swell again to a new and higher crest.
Two towns, Portage des Sioux mnd West Alton, Mo., both of 250 population, were isolated Iqy the Missouri’s flood waters and another town, East Carondelet, IU., was inundated by the Mississippi. Its 450 residents were evacuated.
The United States engineers said five levees on the Illinois side In the vicinity of Cape Girardeau, Mo., wrere critical points an dall families
Thus, for all practical purposes, Berlin said, the invasion began n week ago, when the Americans and British hurled grea‘c numbers of reserve air crews and planes into the bombing of the continent.
Perhaps illustrative of the shattered state of Europe's nerves —
More Rain May Visit Abilene
Saturday morning showers that brought some relief to this drouth-stricken part of the state may be , are
ment of osteomyelitis, an inflama-tion of the bone and marrow. The penicillin for the patient was sa-cured from Boston.
The patient is Dorothy Dunn, 14-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mr*. J. R. Dunn of Rule and a freshman in Rule high school. She has been in the hospital for the past six weeks. The treatment with penicillin was begun April 9 and continued for IO days. Both the hos pital staff and the girl's parents delighted with Dorothy'a re
followed by additional precipitation today and Monday, according
in neutral countries as w'ell as oc- official weather bureau forecosts cupied and Germany itself - was . . ..
one rumor out of Finland that ’the ’tv_ A Kn
land assault was already in progress.
The Helsinki newspaper Sanomat said “landings probably are^ in progress at several places now." It did not say where it obtained its information which many hours afterwards was without the slightest substantiation.
Berlin quoted Allied airmen, now prisoners, as saying they had trained years for the invasion, had been held in reserve, and until a week ago had never taken part in ordinary raids over Europe.
FOR HEROES—Newest U.S. award to military, naval or civilian personnel for heroic or meritorious achievement against the enemy is the
the necessary $100 fee John Lee Smith, the Incumbent, has also formally announced, but said that he would make no statewide campaign.
Another political development of the day was announcement by Sen. Houghton Brownlee of Austin that in danger of being stranded by a I he would not be a candidate for break-through were ordered to re-election.
Two Enter Fight On John Lee Smith
AUSTIN, April 29—OD—Entry of Mat Davis of Gilmer into the race for lieutenant governor today brought to three the number of contestants seeking Democratic nomination to the post.
Davis and Lee Satterwhite, former speaker of the House, both formally filed with the state Democratic
For Abilene and vicinity the forecast was for mostly cloudy Sunday, and Monday cloudy with showers and thundershowers.
Sufficient rain fell in som** counties of this area Saturday to save grain crops and to provide
needed moisture for planting of a row* crops.
Heavier rainfall was reported In the Throckmorton and Haskell sectors, with Throckmorton reporting I pain
1.65 inches and Haskell 1.35 inches.
Abilene had .42 of an Inch. Clyde reported one inch, as did Buffalo Gap, with more than half an inch falling in the Lake Abilene vicinity, and an inch at Tuscola.
Reported rainfall in this sector Included: Snvder. .69; Hamlin, one inch; Colorado City, .32; Coleman, heavy showers; Baird, .08 and 15 miles south, one inch; Stamford,
The rain extended over the north-
sponse to the treatment.
“We could tell a difference a1 most at once,” Mr Dunn said. "She not able to turn herself in bed had been so listless and pale and she had high fever. In three days the fever was gone and there was a big difference in her. Now she is rosy and feels good and does not look like the same person,"
Doctors at the hospital say they believe the penicillin has aided materially in the recovery from the disease which usually requires many weary months in bed and
Proposes Executive Sessions Be Open
AUSTIN. April 29-MV-'University of Texas Regent H H. Weiner of Seguin today proposed that the board abolish the executive ses-. _. .stoas that have preceded regular
em half of the state, but the Rio monthlv meetings which have re-Grande valley was still suffering cently thrown open to the
from a severe drouth. Precipitation press
extended from Oklahoma to Waco, weinert told the regents he bland at Waco the rain was accom- tended to offer a resolution next t panted by hail. I month banning private sessions.
Rains in the Lubbock area were | ..j would be p]ease(j to do away
Soviets Kill 800 Germans, Sink 4 Ships
LONDON. Sunday, April 30—(P’l-. The Soviet high command announced earlv todav that the Red army had killed a battalion of 800 to 1.000 Axis troops in repulsing counter-attacks southeast of Stanls-lawow in former Poland yesterday, and Berlin said steadily arriving Russian reinforcements and increasing assaults on that front indicated the imminence of another big Red army push toward th® Carpathian mountain passes.
A Hungarian army communiqu® told of violent Soviet attacks in the area of Kolomyja. southeast of Ftanlslawow and northeast of the Tatar pass leading into Hungarian-held Czechoslovakia.
Berlin broadcast the Hungarian bulletin and quoted military men of that country as saving the Russians were massing men sod material* for rn renewed fU'.v* toward Hungarian-held territory.
A midnight Soviet bulletin sate the Red air force had destroyed IOO supply-laden Axis trucks and shot down 23 German planes in combat and destroyed another It
ported driven from Hub* pass in on £• another threat toward Loyang To continuing attacks on German air the west a southward drive of the fields, troop concentrations invaders was halted, Chungking : communications. sald i The regular communique Issued
Further Improvement of the Al- earlier told of the sinking of four lied situation in India was report- more Axis ships, three of them od by the southeast Asia romniuni- transports trying to save tile Ger-que. “Liquidation of remaining man-Romanian garrison from be-enemy strong points continued” sieged Sevastopol in the Crimea, around the British base of Kohtma "No essential changes" occurred on while 60 miles to the south Allied the land front, that announcement spearheads spread through the said.
jungles like a fan around Imphal The guns of the Soviet Black These are movement* to locate and sea fleet sank the three transports
aircraft production” presumably to replace Japan’s dis-proportinate air losses from incessant American attacks.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced the seizure of the fourth Japanese airfield in the Hollandia area of Dutch New Guinea. It wa* the Taml field, the seventh on New Guinea taken by Allied troops within a week.
American bombers hit airfields the enemy still holds the length of the Southwest and South Pacific front and lashed at three aerial bases In the Central Pacific Carolines.
Far beyond Hollandia four Nipponese planp* were destroyed at the Wadke airdrome. Other American bombers struck at Wewak’s four by-passed airfields on Hollandia’s opposite flank. Three Japanese aircraft retaliated by raiding the captured Aitape field, between We-wak and Hollandia.
One big Solomons-based bomber was lost striking at the central Caroline fortress of Truk. But no losses were reported in an attack on nearby Woleal or on Ponape. eastern outpost of Truk.
OftttngkHtsf• announced that segment* of the Kwantum: army. Nippon’s finest, were halted on three thrust* in China’s norths™ Honan province. Chinese counterattacked in the outskirts of Mihslen, to lessen the threat to Loyang. 80 miles to the northwest. Japanese were re
pin down the invaders.
“Later we Intend lo attack and destroy the enemy." Adm.
Lord Louis iVlountbatten’s headquarters said in answer to a series of questions from the Associated Press.
The statement said uneasiness felt in America over the southeast Asia situation was unjustified, that the Japanese offensive has not dislocated the Allied schedule nor
hampered construction ct the Udo I Ktualul »t-
aupply road to China, and even lower Dneatr river
enemy success would not force , Tiuhina area 120
withdrawal Iron! north Burma nor northBurt or the Galati sap
hamper air-supplied forces opeiat- . ., nrot«-tine the Ploestl
ing behind Nipponese lines in cen- ^ ^ ^ 0prman troop*
See PACIFIC, Pg. 2. Col. I “scored a full defensive success.”
totalling morp than 11,000 tons, and a patrol launch, the bulletin said, making a total of 21 enemy vessel* sunk in a week of combined surface and air attacks,
An unspecified number of other ship* were damaged, said the broad-cast-communique. recorded by the Soviet monitor. In engagements in the area of Khersonnes lighthouse. Just west of Sevastopol, and at Kazachya bay to the south Germany’s daily communique
executive committee today and paid reported from .15 Inch at Lamesa wjtp executive session,” com-
to 1.25 at Littlefield with Lubbock Mrs. I. D. Fairchild, re
getting .71 inch. Vernon reported gent fmm Lufkln 1.17 inch but at Midland only .04 Establishment of a University of inch wa* recorded. Texas press was voted unanimously
and a budget of $4,000 given for the balance of this fiscal year.
evacuate their homes.
Flames, Explosions Spread From Italy
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NAPLES, April 29—IT)—American Flying Fortresses and Liberators spread flames and explosions through shipping, harbor installations ana Nazi submarine pens at the great French naval base of Toulon today in a sharp, concentrated bombing from Italian bases.
Striking suddenly at a target 1,-000 miles west of the Balkan objec-
Bolivian Plotters All Under Arrest
Brownlee, who has served for eight years In the Senate, said that;
he felt he could make a more Im- j la PAZ, Bolivia, April 29-(P'l— portant contribution to the war et- Enrique Baldivieso, Bolivian foreign fort by devoting all of his time to minister, said tonight all principals
running his ranch.
Knox Funeral Set Monday Afternoon
WASHINGTON, April 29 -(P)-Funeral services for Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, who died of a heart attack yesterday, will be at Mount Pleasant Congregational
tives they battered last week. the church at 2 p rn. Monday, airmen poured many tons of explo-1 Burial will be In Arlington na-sives on the shipping base, which is tional cemetery with full military helping supply German troops in1 honors.
Italy. Between 250 and 500 bomb- - ,
ers were engaged In the attack. LOCO I CnirOprOCfOr Luftwaffe interceptors battled tho r. c bombers and their escorting Lightn- VJIV6I1 MO*C UT DCC
Bronze atar, leu, recently j jngs and Mustangs, and an unspeci-
authorized by the President, fled number were destroyed. TAYLOR, April 29—(Pi—Dr. L
Decoration consists of acid- The stalemate continued on the K. Griffin of Fort Worth wax
toned bronzeTar Pendant KaUwi ground front, although both elected president of the Texas
toned bronze star penaa , and German patrols were ac- Chiropractic Research society at the
from a ribbon, with small tlve fjrst session of a two-da/ meeting
modeled star in center of — —
larger one. Ribbon, worn on Wins Promotion
service uniform instead of
medal, is red, piped in white. Promotion of Jack O' ley of Big
in an abortive revolutionary coup were under arrest but that the number was “not large." He gave no figures.
Detection of the plot was announced last night.
What occurred, said Baldivieso, was not a revolution but a "revolutionary plot," of which the authorities had been aware for some time.
Earlier a broadcast statement by the Bolivian government said that “interests who want to sell Bolivia'* national wealth” were responsible for the plot.
The statement gave no names or details but presumably referred to supporters of Enrique Penaranda, whose government was overthrown last December.
Promotion Catches Up with Officer
TEMPLE, April 29—(ZP)—His promotion to first lieutenant finally caught up with Cecil E Kinerd of Sweetwater, pilot of the bomber "W'ise Virgin,” today at McClos-key General hospital. Lieutenant Kinerd was hospitalized here this week.
Fifth Loan Drive Slogan Announced
U. 8 DEPARTMENT OI COMMERCE WEATHER Bt BEAU ABILENE ANH VK INUV — Mostly cloud. Sunday Munday cloudy with shower* and ihundfrshowcri. Krc»b to .tron* Windy diminuhln* Sunday.
EAST TEXAS — Moiilly cloudy Sun-dai Monday cloudy with showers and thundershower* In north and west portion* Ere»h to Wrong wind* dlminWh-ing Sunday.
WINT TEXAS — Tartly cloudy Sunday and Monday.
TEMPI RATI RIS AM I ti. HOI R Erl. PM Sat.
_ ,y* .... I......ti* _ 78
_ 52 5 T* — 7«
_ so ; :t Ii -
DALLAS, April 29—r/Pi— “Back Three-year directors named are j the Attack-Buy More Than Be-
Dr. Brooke Stephens, Lubbock, and fore" will be the official slogan of
Dr. Jim Wolfe, Abilene. Two-year the Fifth War Loan, State Chair-
Spring to first lieutenant in the , directors are Dr. Roy L. Emond, man Nathan Adams of the War Fi-
with vertical blue stripe, also alr corps was announced last night Austin, and Dr. W. B. Halstead, nance Committee of Texas said to-
‘ Cleburne. * -day.
tit . 05 OK 71
,.75 . .7* *1
white-piped, iii center.
, by the War department.
High and low' temperftturti to ll p. rn SS and 54.
High and low ye»r: WO »nd OO
lame dill Int
Sunset Int night: * ll. Sunrise th lo morning. ISI. Sunset tonight I ll.
WITH 36th IN ITALY — These three West Texans are on duty with the 36th Division in Italy. The above photograph was made at a rest camp somewhere in Italy. Left to right, the men are: Sgt. Prine Moore, son of Mr. and Mrs. Newt
Moore, Old Glory; Sgt. Clarence (Cotton) Teichelman, son of Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Teichelman of Stamford, Route 2, and Sgt. John Elvin Carlton, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Carlton, Tuxedo. The three men have been overseas one year. ^