Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIII, NO. 316.
A TEXAS £«*<? NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 28, 1944 -SIXTEEN PAGES
Associated Pres* (AP) United Ptcts (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
NAZIS CLAIM D-DAY SHIPS RAIDED
Yanks Batter Airfields in France
-Britons Dump 3,500 Ions in flight Attacks
LONDON, April 28.—(AP) *—American heavy and medium bombers blasted Nazi air bases over a wide area in France today on the heels of a 3,500-ton RAF bomb assault £9by night on Friedrichshafen and railyards in France and Belgium.
The blows carried Into the ' 14th straight day the grind-^ ing pre-invasion air offensive "■“* that has hurled 65,000 tons of explosives on Europe since April 15.
Up to 250 Flying Fortresses— winging out after a record daylight pounding of continental targets Thursday—bombed the Avoid airdrome 130 miles south of Paris, while medium marauders hit another field in northern France and ♦Lightning fighters shot up a third, In 24 hours alone, more than 6.000 planes have hit the Natl war machine with some lv500 Ions of explosives—including a double-header punch by 1,500 U. S. heavy bombers Thursday.
^ Thirty-six RAF bombers were lost in the assaults “in very great strength” upon FiietJrichshafen. home of the Zeppelin works and radio-location equipment plants, and on railyards at Montzen in ^Belgium and Aulnoye in France, bomber gunners knocked down at least four German fighters.
Mosquito bombers meanwhile raided Stuttgart, and other planes laid mines.
• • *
V The RAF hit into Germany again ^just 24 hours after its 4.500-ton assault early Thursday upon Essen, Schweinfurt and railyards near Paris—operations that opened a day of tremendous raids spearheaded by 1,500 U. S. Flying Fortresses ^»nd Liberators which poured 2.000 “Tons of bombs on military targets in northern France. Before dusk another fleet 750 strong attacked Nazi airdromes at Nancy and Toul, and railyards at Bainville and _ Chalon-Sur-Marne. ft-
Soldier from Rule Killed in Action
RULE, April 28—Cpl. Loyd Webb, <*l7, has been killed in action while serving with a heavy artillery battery of the 36th Division in Italy, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Buck Webb, have been notified.
Corporal Webb is the first soldier from Rule to be reported killed in action.
Survivors, besides his parents, are his wife and daughter, Nadine, N. M.; two brothers, Pvt. Weldon, Ft. Bliss, Lee, Rule: three sisters, Louden Webb. Wichita, Ran., Mrs. 4 Jewell Rogers, Rule, and Mrs. W. W. Frazier, Aspermont.
NAVY FLATLY OPPOSES SPEEDY UNIFICATION
WASHINGTON, April 28—The Navy flatly opposed today immediate action to consolidate the Army, Navy and Air Forces into a single Department of War and urged congress to give careful study to postwar consolidation.
Its views, given to the house committee on postwar military policy, were stated by Undersecretary James Forrestal in these words: “The position of the Navy is that the whole question of military organization deserves and should receive a most objective and thorough study. It believes the question should be approached by detailed examination with the conclusion to be
reached at the end of such an examination rather than acting upon the assumption that the case is already established. I don’t believe this.”
Earlier this week, War Secretary Stimson endorsed the creation of a single department for the armed forces—the actual consolidation to be put off until after the war—and recommended prompt congressional approval of the principle of consolidation.
♦ * •
Forrestal is acting head of the Navy department in the absence of Secretary Frank Knox, who is confined to his home with a stomach and intestinal ailment.
He emphasized that the mili
tary necessities of the United States cannot be compared to those of Russian or Germany. Those countries, he pointed out, are dependent largely on the use of military pow er on land. ^ “Ours is a problem which is a composite of that of Japan, Great Britain, Germany and Russia, and it should be viewed and studied accordingly,” he said.
The problem, he went on, should be approached with special reference to the geographical situation of this country, taking into consideration how American forces have operated in this war; how the Joint chiefs of staff have functioned; and how the individual procurement services of the Army and Navy have operated.
Knox Succumbs to Heart Attack
TANKS KNOCK NIPS BACK Secretary III IN INDIA; SINOS ADVANCE
ALLIED SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUARTERS, Randy, Ceylon, April 28.—(UP)—British armored forces rocked the Japanese invaders of India with a smashing counter-attack into the mountain surrounding Kohima, a communique leported today, while Chinese troops in Burma battered down stubborn enemy resistance along the Mo-gaung valley ;jad to Kamaing.
Sallying out of Kohima after nightfall Wednesday behind a spearhead of tanks, a battalion of British troops—possibly 1,000 or more men—broke into the
Sinos Hurl Back Loyang Assault
CHUNGKING, April 28—<£>)— Considerable improvement in the Chinese situation in northern Honan province was announced today by a Chinese army spokesman, who said Japanese forces driving on Loyang from the southeast had been hurled back about IO miles.
Another enemy column which for a time menaced Loyang from the east has been halted in strategic Hulao pass, the spokesman said, and a Japanese drive down the Peipine-Hankow railway has been blunted 40 miles south of Chenghsien, a strategic junction, now in Japanese hands. Chinese military authorities announced earlier in the day that enemy troops entered Chenghsien the morning of April 22, confirming front dispatches that had indicated several days ago the city had fallen .
Japanese lines around the city and captured a number of enemy strongpoints.
Simultaneously, Allied warplanes hammered the enemy siege arc with bombs and machine-gun fire and strafed the Japanese supply lines leading eastward co the Burma frontier.
Other Allied units “continue to make progress” in supporting attacks in the Kohima area, the communique said, presumably referring to operations in the mountains northwest of the city, where Japanese units still held positions overlooking the Dimapur-Kohima highway.
The communique did not indicate whether the Allied attacks represented the start of the big push to clear the Japanese from east India, but front reports suggested that a major battle was imminent, if it had not begun already.
• * •
On the north-central Burma front, Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell^ Chinese troops were battling with the Japanese on the east bank of the Mogaung river, 20 miles north of Kaimaing.
A second Chinese column, meanwhile, looped around the Japanese from the east and captured the village of Manpin,
IO miles south of Stilwell’s main force.
The capture of Manpin placed the Chinese advanced column on the edge of a barren plain extending IO miles southward »o Kamaing and threatened to collapse the enemy resistance in the Mogaung valley.
For 6 Days
WASHINGTON, April 28—(UP) Secretary of Navy Frank Knox, a former soldier who helped build the U. S. fleet into the greatest floating force the world has ever known, died today as the time of his country’s greatest battles approached. He was 70.
Knox, Boston - born Republican publisher serving in a Democratic administration, died of a heart
Neutrals Set Hop Between May 2 and 17
Bv the Associated Press
LONDON, April 28.—(AP) —Masses of Allied invasion vessels, assembling in the har-bors of western England, were attacked by German bombers last night, Berlin dispatches by way of Stockholm said today.
Nazis and neutrals, continuing a guessing game that began several weeks ago, said the invasion might be less than two weeks away, and Berlin dispatches to Stockholm said great quantities of Allied shipping were gathered In the channel ports of southeastern England as well as western England.
Anta, Dut^h news agency, said German authorities in Holland were reported to be preparing to blast open the great dykes which guard the entrance to the Zuider Zee and flood a huge area containing the populous cities of Rotterdam and Amsterdam.
Two Swedes, the first to reach Sweden from Denmark since the Germans clamped tight control on travel between the two countries last Monday, said the Danes at first thought the Germans were invading Sweden when the drastic measures were taken.
The restrictions were being gradually relaxed, however, and postal service between Sweden and Denmark was resumed.
California here we come (1944 style)—when gas
rationing crimped the California trip of Henry Strickland, Oklahoma rancher, he decided to leave Oklahoma as he came in 22 years ago—in a covered wagon. So, hiring a neighbor to harvest his crops, Strickland and his family set out on a Journey that he estimates wiU take 55 days. They are shown here in Oklahoma £ity. (AE WIREPHOTO)
IOO Pounds of Debts' Given in Paper Drive
Uncle Sam got a $15,000-120,000 contribution to the paper salvage drive yesterday, but it is doubtful he will realize that much from the gift.
Not only was Uncle Sam gainer— a good many residents and former residents of Abilene can relax. They no longer owe Justice of Peace W. A. Ward any money, for he has cancelled all debts owed him by the simple procedure of giving all old account books and ledgers to the drive.
Unpaid accounts dated back as far as 1906 and were owed to two stores Ward formerly owned, the Misfit Clothing company which he operated 13 years and the Ward Clothing company, also operated 13 years.
These 26 years of debts weighed an esimated IOO pounds.
Anson Radioman on Japs' Prisoner List
WASHINGTON, April 28.-iUP) —The Navy department today announced the names of 21 personnel of the naval services held as prisoners of war by Japan, including:
Poss, Edgar Louis, radioman 1-C, USNR. Father, George William Poss, Anson.
Shaw, Lee Clifford, motor machinist’s mate 2-C, USN. Sister, Mrs. C. A. Pepper, Jr., San Antonio. Brother, T-Sgt. John D. Shaw, 515th flexible gunnery training squadron, Harlingen.
malady which struck him on Sunday in Manchester, N. H., where he had gone to attend the funeral of a former business partner, J. A. Muhellng.
On his return to Washington, his physician ordered him to bed at his home here. On Tuesday he suffered another and worse heart attack.
The secretary’s death occurred at 1:08 p. rn. The announcement was made by Acting Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal.
It was the third time in Knox’s adult life that he had suffered an illness which forced him to bed. The gravity of his condition was not. however, immediately made public by the Navy. The Navy yesterday said merely that he was suffering from a gastro-intestinal upset complicated by dizziness.
President Roosevelt nominated Knox as secretary of Navy on June 20. 1940, just before the Republican national convention. At the same time that he named another Republican, Henry L. Stimson, as secretary of war. Knox took office on July ll, 1940.
COLEMAN, April 28— < Spl)— Eleven cars of a Santa Fe freight train headed West were derailed near Goldsboro around 9:30 o’clock this morning. No one was injured according to reports received here.
Britain’s shores were closed tightly today to all except the most urgent outbound civilian travel under new regulations designed to keep invasion plans secret.
The new travel restrictions, effective last midnight, supplemented others previously in force. One earlier decree had banned travel between Britain and Ireland. Another keeps diplomats of all countries except the United States, Russia and the British commonwealth within Britain for the time being.
Joining the Germans In the invasion-guessing game, Capt. Karl Henrik Falkman, a Swedish naval commentator expressed the view this morning that the assault may rome in broad daylight some time between May 2 and May 17.
The Berlin correspondent of the Swiss newspaper Die Tat said foreign newspapermen in the German capital were betting on the attack to take place between May 6 and June 7. In Ankara a Turkish commentator put in his word, declaring: “We can take it for granted the next few days or weeks will witness the most important developments of the war.”
A Moscow dispatch said the Russian Newspaper Pravda observed that “conditions are favorable now for powerful blows not only from
the east but the south and west.”
• • *
In a Swedish broadcast recorded by the Ministry of Information, Falkman said it appeared that the exact date of the invasion may be set to hit the time when there is the least difference between high and low tide.
“The smallest difference occurs about 48 hours after the quarter of the moon,” he said “The moon's first quarter will be April 30 and the last quarter on May 15.”
Falkman, who ii not known In in London naval circles, declared that because of the supremacy the Allies possess both at sea and In the air It would not be necessary for them to strike at night. Along with an amphibious attack, he said, great numbers of parachute troops may drop behind the German lines.
Bombay Records Quake in Guinea
BOMBAY, April 28.—I ZP) An earthquake shock of great intensity was record at the Bombay observatory shortly after 9 o’clock last night, it was announced today.
Observatory officials said the epicenter was approximately 4,290 miles from Bombay and estimated it to be in the vicinity of New Guinea, where Gen. MacArthur* forces now engaging the Japanese.
JAPS GET READY FOR BOMBS; GUARDS FORMED IN 13 CITIES
LONDON, April 28—(UP)—The Rome radio reported today that Allied planes flew over Rome and dropped bcmhs. The time of the purported attack was not given.
NEW YORK, April 28.—(ZP)—The Tokyo government has organized home guard corps in 13 key centers of Japan in preparation for Allied air raids, It was announced in Japanese domestic broadcasts heard today by U. S. government monitors.
The broadcasts said the corps would be assigned to guard and alarm duties during emergencies and would be subject to periodical Inspections by officials of the Japanese home ministry in Tokyo.
A training program for communications workers will lit Japanese
working in post offices, telegraph offices and similar centers for special duties during air raids, the broadcasts said, enabling them “to maintain their services ♦ * *
LONDON, April 28.-i/P)-A Japanese communique, broadcast by the Tokyo radio, declared today that Japanese submarines had attacked a force of Allied aircraft carriers east of the Marshall islands Wednesday and had scored two hits on one carrier.
There was no Allied confirmation of the reported action.
AVERY CARRIED FROM WARD PLANT—Sewell Avery, chairman of the hoard of Mont* If ornery Ward & Co., is carried from the firms offices iii Chicago by two unidentified sol* (lier* of the Army detail which seized the plant the preceding day. Attorney General Francis Biddle said Avery refused to cooperate with government officials who have taken over the firm. (AP Wirephoto),
Ward Seizure Quiz Speeded to House
WASHINGTON, April 28.—(ZP)—A resolution proposing an investigation of the government's seizure of Montgomery Ward and company’s plant at Chicago was pushed through the powerful rules committee ol the house today and sent to the floor for consideration.
Bi-partisan support put the resolution offered by Rep. Dewey (R-Illl, through the committee after it had been amended by the rules group to rail for a general investigation “with respect to Hie seizure.”
The committee eliminated from the original resolution the words “with a view to determining, among other things, the authority in law for such seizure and whether the opinion of Hie attorney general
Patrols Active On Halo Front
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, April 28—</h Aggressive patrolling, with exploratory thrusts to feel out enemy strength, marked activity along the whole Italian front yesterday, Allied headquarters announced today.
No changes were reported aground.
Weather limited the Allied air force to 180 .sorties during the day, and fighter-bombers attacked an ammunition dump at Magliana. No planes were lost.
Coastal air force Spitfires attacked a radio .station south of Durazzo in Albania, scoring direct hits on the main building.
Allied patrols were active on the Anzio beachhead, and two raids by enemy platoons were broken up south of ( (sterna and in the Carano area.
Allied artillery chased two tanks to cover in Cassino, and started fires and explosions southwest of that town.
rendered in connection with such seizure discloses adequate grounds for reaching the conclusion that such seizure was authorized by law.
The resolution would authorize a select commute# to conduct the inquiry.
Rules Committee Chairman Sa-bath <D-I11) said after the action “I don’t know when the resolution will come up in the house. I’ll have to consult with the speaker and by that time I think everything will be settled and adjusted."
Ward Starts Battle Against Court Writ
CHICAGO, April 28—.I1)—The big Montgomery Ward and company began a legal fight today against government control of its Chicago facilities shortly after two of the firm's top executives—board Chairman Sewell Avery and President Clement D. Ryan—were barred from their offices.
Wayne C. Taylor, undersecretary of commerce and federal operating manager of the properties, reported soldiers patrolling the buildings had been instructed to keep the two men out on grounds that they “have refused to cooperate with the government.”
Company counsel then asked Federal Judge William H. Holly to dismiss an injunction obtained late last night by Attorney General Francis Biddle restraining Ward executives from interfering with
See WARDS, Pg. 15, Col. 8.
School Leaders Resign in Body
Three remaining numbers of th* North Park school board of trus* tees and the superintendent, W. P, Palm, resigned in a body last night at a special session of the board.
Floyd Smith. Ben Ware and Hoyt McBride were the trustees with unexpired terms who resigned. Ed i Francis, chair-t man of the ooard | for the last three I years, and J. W. I Compton ara retiring members whose terms expire April 20. The other two trustees, L. W. Lindsey and R. W. R a s c o e, havg moved from the district and replacements have not been named by the county board.
Only reason for the resignation given by Smith, the only one of the resigned quartet who could he reached this morning for a statement, was lack of time to continue with the school work.
“There are no hard feelings”, Smith declared. "I think we have
had a good school this year and an excellent corps of teachers. I just
See Si HOOL, Pg. 15, Col. 8
Selective Service Violation Charged
William B Martin of Abilene was charged with violation of the Selective Service Act in a complaint filed by an agent of the FBI Thursday before.U. S. Commissioner Ida M James.
The complaint state Martin failed to report to the local draft board on April 3. He has been delinquent sine? 1941.
Martin is in custody at Jeffersonville, Ind., and will be returned here for trial, *
War Bond Chairman Pleads for Action
The county has purchased $131,964 of the monthly war bond quota of $231,700 and County Chairman C. M. Caldwell is making a final plea for action on the home front in an open letter to the citizens of the county.
Tile letter said, in part, “Abilene and Taylor county have the greatest buying power within a radius of 125 miles. Surely we don’t want to let our men in the service down in a time like this.
"Apili 13 statements of our banks show that their customers have nearly one million dollars in savings accounts drawing I percent interest. Why don t you invest a part of this in government bonds? It will be just as safe; It will bear you more interest, and you will be doing a patriotic duty, as I see it.
“Get busy friends. Lets put the quota over,”
AUSTIN, April 28-< UP)—Noting 1,895 new cases of tuberculosis as an accumulation of tabulations in Texas, the State Health department in its weekly morbidity report warned of the prevalence of the disease.
I .8. Dtr VUTMK \ I OI I OM ME El E HEA I HI It Bl Kl XI
ABILENE AND VICINITY Increasing cloudiness today; mostly cloudy with scattered showers and freeh to occasional strong winds tonight and Saturday,
I KAST TEXAS-Increasing cloudiness, sea lie red light showers in southw est ana extreme south poitions. warmer in northwest portion this afternoon. Cloudy W'ith showers tonight and Saturday, slightly warmer in east and extreme south portions tonight Fresh to strong winds in the west portion, fresh wind* in east portion, becoming occasionally strong tonight and Saturday.
WEST TEXAS -Mostly cloudv with scattered showers warmer except In ! the El Paso area and Big Bend (wintry this afternoon Mostly cloudy- and cooler tonight and Saturda' w I in the El Paso nrea and Rig Bend coun-, trv\ Fresh to strong winds __
Minimum temperature past 24 hours,
50. maximum 70. TEMPI RATI U
Kri-Thu Thu-Wed A M Hour PM. 52 57— 1—62 7* 52 54— 2— KB 78 50 ,52— 3— 67 81
52 4!* — 4— 68 81 54 48— 5— 70 7#
Vt •»«— 6— HS 79
53 46— 7— 67 7f
SB 55— 8 63 70
ti! 5.1 - 9— 59 86
A3 55—th— 37 63 68 SS—ll— SS 81 71 60—12— 54 5#
Sunrise this morning .......... 8:56
Sunset tonight .....................Cit