Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 27, 1954, Abilene, Texas
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
cv VOL. LXXIII, NO. 314
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 27, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Red Premier Says Atomic Reprisal Set
MOSCOW, April 26 Cfl*»—Any aggressor who attacks the Soviet Union with atomic weapons will be crushed by the same weapon, Premier Georgi Malenkov said today. He predicted “any such adventure will inevitably lead to the downfall of the capitalist system.” Malenkov addressed the Supreme Soviet <Parliament). Both lie and Nikita S. Khrushchev, first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist party, attacked U.S. policies. Khrushchev said:
“If anyone thinks, as Hitler thought, that we are weak, we will show them, as we showed Hitler, just how weak we are.” Malenkov charged “aggressive circles” in the United States with “artifically maintaining an atmosphere of war hysteria” and “threatening the world with the hydrogen bomb.”
While accusing America of “resorting to methods of threat and intimidation” and boasting of Soviet atomic progress, Malenkov at the same time pleaded over and over for a “further easing of international tension.”
Malenkov and Khrushchev demanded that the United States abandon its policy of non-recognition of Communist China and claimed that this was one of the major hindrances to the solution of world problems.
Urges Atomic Ban Malenkov demanded the outlaw'-ing of atomic weapons and said this was necessary for a solution of world problems.
He urged once more the adoption of the Soviet-sponsored project for a European security system ahd condemned Western plans based on the European Defense Community as a threat to peace.
The last time Malenkov spoke before the Russian Parliament-last August—he announced Russian possession of the hydrogen bomb. Today though he told ot Russian atomic advances he made no sensational announcements or claims in the field.
“If aggressive circles banking on the atomic weapon should resort to madness and should want to test the strength and the might of the Soviet Union, there can be no doubt that the aggressor would be crushed by the same weapon and that any such adventure would inevitably lead to the ruin of the capitalist social system.”
This warning was received by cheers from the deputies.
Delegates to Geneva Study Korea Issue
REWARD FROM HUBBY — Mrs. W?nda Jennings of St. Louis, Mo., is rewarded with breakfast in bed by her husband, Madison, after she won the Mrs. America title in Ormond Beach, Fla. Their son, Michael, 8, admires his mother’s tiara.
Big Air Strikes Bombard Rebels
Texas (rime Rate Rises
WACO, April 26 (A*» — Texas’ attorney general said today this state is about to become known as the biggest, best place for criminals to work.
He spoke to about 350 sheriffs, police chiefs, judges, district attorneys and other officers at his fourth annual Law Enforcement Conference.
Shepperd said Texas’ crime rate is rising faster than the national average. The rate for the nation rose 6 per cent last year. Texas’ crime rate climbed 8.3 per cent.
Atty. Gen. John Ben Shepperd said the way to prevent this from happening is to hire more officers at higher pay, give them better equipment and rewrite the Texas criminal code.
HANOI, Indochina, April 26 (#>— Corsair fighter bombers supplied by the United States went into action over Indochina for the first time today. The French-piloted planes took part in the heaviest air strike of the seven-year war.
The war planes rained hundreds of tons of bombs on rebel concentrations in the hills surrounding the fortified plain.
The French high command did not disclose the actual number of sorties, but said they far exceeded the previous one-day record of 136 set earlier this year.
Other French war planes ranged low over the fortress to protect transports flying fresh paratroops to the outnumbered French garrison.
A Union spokesman said a steady stream of men and supplies was being dropped—as rebel mortar and artillery subjected the bastion’s shrinking defenses to a re; lentless pounding.
Determined to stop the airlift, the rebels moved their antiaircraft batteries down from the surrounding hills and set them up on the rim of the fortress. They were pinned down, however, by a rain of rockets and machine gun fire from the Freneh escort planes.
The Corsairs—first batch to arrive in Indochina—were flown off a U.S. carrier on Easter Sunday and landed in a big French air-base between Saigon and Hanoi.
The planes roared over Dien Bien Phu today, each carrying four 500-pound bombs.
The French also pounded rebel supply columns rumbling over routes from Red China in Russian-made Molotov trucks, as sunny skies replaced rain clouds for the first time in several days.
Everywhere in the region the intensive bombings touched off roaring fires among Vietminh encampments. Flames shot high in the sky as rebel ammunition depots caught fire.
On the muddy plain below French tanks shunted from one point to another blasting at Vietminh shadow patrols who tried to
slip through the barbed wire barriers protecting the garrison’s vital nerve center.
In the northwest corner — weak spot in the Union defense—French mortars and machine guns smashed at the rebels dug into newly constructed trenches barely 300 feet away.
The Vietminh returned the fire, showering the new French defense line skirling the northwest barrier.
Latest reports said the rebels had not tried any fresh thrust on the northwest where their thousands of shock troops are poised.
They concentrated, instead, on raking the French entrenchments with heavy fire in an effort to soften up remaining defense posts blocking their way for a lunge towards the heart of the bastion only 600 yards away.
Oil news 6
Editorials .............. 2
Rodio & TV log ........ 6
Stevens Hints f At 'Buy Oil'
WASHINGTON, April 26 W—An open hint that Secretary of the Army Stevens might have tried to “buy off” an investigation by Sen. McCarthy (R - Wis) brought a shouted denial by McCarthy today that he ever has been “bought off” by anybody or ever will be.
It came after Secretary Stevens, on the witness stand, acknowledged asking McCarthy to “suspend” hearings on alleged espionage at Ft. Monmouth, N.J., but branded as “an unequivocal lie” McCarthy’s charge that he tried to switch the investigation to the Air Force and the Navy.
McClellan, cross-examining Stevens, said the Army secretary could have granted a direct commission to McCarthy aide G. David Schine but refused to do so.
“The implication is here,” said the stern-voiced McClellan, “that you were trying to buy off this committee (the Senate Investigations subcommittee) from investigating the Army.”
Before Stevens could reply, McCarthy heatedly contended McClellan was making a “completely improper and unfair” suggestion that he—McCarthy—“could be bought off.”
McClellan snapped back at McCarthy: “You can think anything you want.”
“This chairman,” said McCarthy, the subcommittee’s regular chairman though he’s Stepped down for these hearings, “has never been bought off any hearing and never will be bought off any hearing.”
Acting Chairman Mundt <R-SD) banged his gavel, forbade any more demonstrations and told cap-itol police to remove any spectator who disobeyed.
Earlier, McCarthy injected a note of mystery into the proceed ings.
He left the hearing room for 20 minutes and, when he returned, told Mundt he had been interviewing a witness of “tremendous importance” to the investigation. He promised the chairman a full report tomorrow.
POLIO TEST BEGINS—Six-year-old Randall Kerr gets an injection of a new polio vaccine at McLean, Va., near Washington, as a test gets underway in selected areas across the nation. Dr. Richard Mulvaney injects the serum, first developed by Dr. Jonas Salk of the University of Pittsburgh, into Randall’s arm. Randall was the first of some 100 children to be inoculated at McLean, and perhaps the first in the country.
GETS FIRST SHOT
6-year-old Polio. Pioneer Worries About Poison Ivy
Fraud Cases Move To Be Asked Again
Efforts to get the cases of Abi-lenians charged with fraud in connection with VA housing loans moved from Lubbock to Abilene are expected to be renewed next Monday.
Bonds of 22 Abilenians indicted are returnable to the U. S. District Court at Lubbock Monday, May 3, when a new term of court will open there.
Judge Joseph B. Dooley, who serves the Lubbock court, has overruled a motion offered for nine
City Schools on Year-Around Basis Slated to Be Studied
By DON NORRIS Reporter-New* Staff Writer
The Abilene School Board Monday night authorized Supt. A. E. \\ ells to make a study of the possibility of operating schools here on a year-round basis as a means of relieving crowded conditions.
No change in length of yearly attendance would be made should the plan be adopted. Wells is to study possibility of staggering the annual three - months vacations over the entire year. This would also mean starting a new school term each three months.
Motion to have Wells make the study was made by Roy Skaggs, who suggested it might be a possible solution to impending halfday sessions.
Another suggestion was that half-hour lunch sessions be instituted at junior high schools. Wells told the board this could mean that capacity of the two Junior high schools might be increased by 150 students each.
The trustees also rehired all but two of 170 teachers whose terms
expire June 1. Not rehired were Emma lone Darnell, 21, music teacher at Woodson High School: and Huberta Nicholson, 27, science and physical education teacher at Woodson High.
Supt. Wells declined to recommend to the board that they be rehired.
All but one of the teachers having taught three years in the school system were given three-year contracts. W’ells asked the board to approve a one-year term for Bobby Duncan, 28, English teacher at Abilene High School, until he had conferred with her.
After the board voted to rehire the 168 teachers, resignations of seven were accepted by the trustees. Wells had asked that they be rehired as a courtesy as all were leaving of their own accord.
Resignations approved included A. P. Coston, 49, science teacher at NJH; Clifford Maddox, 36, mathematics teacher at NJH; Jamie Jameson, 27, coach at Bonham Elementary; Mrs. Barbara
Lanterman, 23, first grade teacher at Bonham; Faye Hamilton, 21, fourth grade teacher at Fannin Elementary School; Mrs. Dorothy Alcorn, 23, third grade teacher at North Park Elementary School; and Mrs. Frances Louise Todd, 27, fifth grade teacher at Woodson Elementary School.
The board was notified of three teachers planning to retire after this year. They are Myrtle Trantb* am, Abilene High School; Mrs. Marjorie Fry, North Junior High School and Zelma Kay, Central Elementary School.
Low bid of $1,697 by Ruth Ainsworth Co. of Fort Worth on window draperies and stage equipment for Anson Jones Elementary School was accepted.
Also approved was purchase of $5,486.57 worth of furniture for Anson Jones school.
The trustees studied preliminary plans of band rooms ior North and South Junior High Schools. Approval was delayed until completed plans will be submitted at a called meeting Monday.
of the defendants seeking transfer of their cases to Abilene.
Davis Scarborough, who represents these defendants, said Monday he would re-urge this motion when their cases are called at Lubbock next Monday.
Bryan Bradbury, attorney for seven other defendants, said he is considering offering a similar motion for his clients but that he had not definitely determined whether he would.
Defendants represented by Bradbury in the cases are Taylor W. Long, Jr., Ocie S. Leveridge, Raymond Elliott, T. J. Wilson, V. J. Jones, Mrs. Dallas O’Neal and Mrs. Oliue Burns.
Scarborough's clients are Raymond Thomason, Sr., Raymond Thomason, Jr., Monty Don and Anetta Thomason, Helen McMur-ry, Mrs. Dillie Coats, W. O. Hay-ter, Jr., Richard Vance Davis Curtis B. Richardson.
The 22 Abilenians are among 37 persons who have been indicted on charges of making fraudulent statements to the government in obtaining VA housing loans. The indictments allege that the defendants got veterans to obtain loans with the intent of selling the loans immediately to other persons not eligible for VA loans.
Panel Okays Defense Funds of $28 Billion
WASHINGTON, April 26 l*-The House Appropriations Committee recommended today that more than 28*4 billion dollars in new money be appropriated for the defense of the country in the next fiscal year.
House debate on the bill is scheduled to start Wednesday.
McLEAN. La., April 26 ifr—A sandy-haired boy of six, described as “pioneer” in the countrywide test of the new polio vaccine, had only one worry today when he stepped up to get his shot—-and that was whether the needle would cause a reblooming of his poison ivy.
But Randall “Randy” Kerr of Falls Church, Va., was quickly assured he had nothing to worry about on that score.
Randy Asks Questions Randy raised his cowlicked head to a nurse before a doctor gave him the vaccine shot and said:
“If you stuck it in a bump where I had had poison ivy, it might let the juice out and give me poison ivy again!”
But Dr. Harold Kennedy, health officer for Fairfax County—described by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis as the “first” community in the country scheduled to begin the vaccine tests—said Randy had no obvious signs of poison ivy now. Only a serious rash at the site of the injection, he added, would have prevented the boy from being the lead-off “man” for the greatest mass vaccine test in medical history.
And that would have been a sorry blow for Randy who, his second grade teacher said, “has been begging all week to be the first.” Wearing a multi-colored seersucker blouse and long grey trousers held up by red and gray suspenders, Randy blinked just a bit when the vaccine “shot”—containing 10 billion inactiviated polio viruses—wfas injected into his left arm, pre-painted with a little antiseptic.
Then he raised his head, grinned, and said to Dr. Richard Mulvaney of McLean who had jabbed him: “It didn’t hurt; I could hardly feel it. It hurt less than a penicillin shot!”
Lollypop and Button
Then he was given a lollypop. Later, after he gets two additional shots, he, like all the other kids, will be given a “polio pioneer” button.
Thus Randy, an only child and
Indochina War Splits Meeting
GENEVA, Switzerland, April 26 iAPV-The 19 nations called together by the Big Four to try to guide Asia to peace met today and decided to turn at once to the problem of Korea. But the urgent question of war torn Indochina’s fate overshadowed the Korean issue in many minds.
French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault issued a statement as the conference opened accusing the Vietminh of violating the rules of war in Indochina in refusing to let the French fly out their “hundreds and hundreds” of wounded from Dien Bien Phu.
Bidault did not Issue the state
ment at the conference, but it obviously was meant for the ears of the delegates. He asked for some action to allow the beleaguered garrison a temporary truce to send out its wounded.
He added that it was inconceivable for a conference taking place in the birthplace of the Red Cross to refrain from taking some action towards a humitarian truce.
At today’s session, the delegates organized their procedure in 31 minutes. But they faced a long, rocky road to the goal set for them.
Settling the question of the conference chairmanship swiftly, the delegates decided to plunge into debate tomorrow on the long-smouldering Korean issue.
Pyun Yung Tai, foreign minister of South Korea, is expected to deliver a bitter denunciation of Communist aggression in his country, coupled with demands for unifica-
son of ietor Kerr, a civilian em- tion of the nation.
U. 8. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE W FATHER PI REAC
ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloud', continued warm Tueaday and Wednesday. High temperature Tueaday In hlfh 80a. low Tueaday nifht «5.
NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS: Parily cloudy Tueaday and Wednesday; no important temperature changes.
EAST AND SOCTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy and warm Tueaday nad Wednesday; moderate to fresh southerly winds on the coast.
TEMPERATURES Mon. A. M. Mon. P. M.
71 ............ 1 30 ............ 78
70 ............ 2:30 82
69 ...... 3 30 ............ M
68 ........ 4:30 **
68 ......... 8 30 ............ »5
87 ........... 6 30 82
69 .....7:30 78
71 8 30 77
73 ............ 9 » ............ 78
73 ...... 18:30 —
74 ............ 11:10 —
75 ............ 11:30 —
High and low temperature« for 24 hours
ended at 6:30: 87 and 18.
High and low temperatures earns date last year: 82 and 47.
Sunaet last night 7:16 ». ni. Scnrisa today 8:5« a m. Sunset tonight 7:17 p. m.
Barometer reading st 8:30 p. m. 28.00.
Relative humidity at 9:30 p. u. 6« par
ploye of the Air Force, was the first of an estimated half-million or more children who will even tually receive vaccine “shots” in some 170 communities of 45 states. An additional 400.000 will receive a non-vaccine solution which has no possible chance of preventing polio and is being used only for controlled comparison purposes. Additional thousands of children will also be observed as comparison “controls” but they will receive neither the vaccine nor the nonvaccine solution.
While the go-ahead signal for the countrywide tests has been given, one of the important restrictions on the use of the vaccine prohibits a start of any polio vaccination program “in any area where a paralytic case of polio has been officially reported within the previous two w’eeks.” President Basil O’Connor of the polio foundation said yesterday certain communities in the South where polio already has been reported would therefore miss out, but he did not name any of them.
San Antonio Drops Polio Vaccine Test
AUSTIN, April 26 (*>—San Antonio dropped out of the polio vaccine test temporarily today but the historic tests apparently will take place as scheduled elsewhere in Texas.
Corpus Christi, which had announced yesterday it was postponing its tests, today re-scheduled them after clarification of a regulation.
Dallas gave the go-ahead after talk during the day of possible postponement.
After an emergency meeting, Houston reaffirmed that tests will begin there May 11 as scheduled.
Cause of the flurry of activity was a ruling by the National ’Foundation for Infantile Paralysis that the tests should not be given in any school where a paralytic polio case had developed in the preceding two weeks.
The polio case which resulted in the premature postponement at Corpus Christi was discovered to be in adjoining Kleberg County and not in one of the Nueces County schools where the tests are to begin Wednesday.
The Dallas County polio case involved an eight-month-old infant, and not a second-grader. Only second-graders are involved.
At Dallas, where tests are set to begin May 5, and at Houston where the starting date is May U, it was possible some schools will be disqualified — that is, that paralytic polio among second - graders will develop within the two weeks before the target date.
A Soviet spokesman said the North Korean foreign minister will present the North Korean viewpoint.
The conference thus would be handed at its second session the problem which has harassed the United Nations for four years.
The perilous problems which confront the West seemed personified in the short, impassive man who sat in front of Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov during today’s session. He was Chou En-lai, Red China’s foreign minister.
The Soviet Union is determined to bring Chou and China into the world’s councils on an equal footing with the Big Four. The United States is just as firmly opposed to such recognition of a nation which fought United Nations troops in Korea and which now aids the Communist forces fighting French troops in Indochina.
Prince Narathip Pongpraphan Wan Waithhayakon of Thailand, who presided at today’s session in the council chamber of the old League of Nations building—the Palace of Nations—told delegates the task before them was a noble one “to which we must devote ourselves with all our hearts.” Similar sentiments were expressed in the same chamber by diplomats of another generation between the two wars. This was the chamber which condemned and expelled the Soviet Union for the attack on Finland.
Today’s meeting was the first high level diplomatic conference in
See Geneva, Page 7-A, Col. 3
War Futile, Ike Says as Talks Begin
WASHINGTON, April 26 (*—
President Eisenhower solemnly expressed hope today that the great powers meeting in Geneva will “see the futility of depending upon war, or the threat of war” as a means of settling international disputes.
Eisenhower appeared to be directing his words to Soviet Russia and Red China as he spoke of “some antagonistic powers” attending the Geneva conference.
Addressing the 42nd annual conclave of the U. S. Chamber of Commerce. Eisenhower declared this is “a time of great decisions,” with the outcome of the Indochina War freighted with “the greatest significance” for the United States.
Earlier. Secretary of Defense Wilson told the chamber that events in Europe and Asia may require a full-scale new look at U.S. military plans, policies and spending.
“The next few months are obviously critical in world affairs,” Wilson said, “and what happens in Europe and Asia may force a soul-searching review of our specific policies, plans, objectives and expenditures.”
Approximately 3,000 delegates to the Chamber of Commerce session greeted Eisenhower with a standing ovation and applauded him again as he was introduced.
The President said Indochina is 'the cork in the bottle” whose loss to the Communists would affect the fate of hundreds of millions “in the surrounding areas of Asia.”
In this connection, he specifically mentioned Indonesia, Burma and Thailand.
“No matter how the struggle may have started, it has long since become one of the testing places between a free form of government and dictatorship,” he said.
“Its outcome is going to have the greatest significance for us, and possibly for a long time into the future.”
Eisenhower also declared that survival of the newly formed government of Japan may hinge on events in Southeast Asia, because Japan must trade there.
Indochina Help Still Possible
WASHINGTON, April 26 (tf -Highly placed officials said today the Eisenhower administration has not abandoned the idea of sending American fighting forces to Indochina as a last resort.
But they emphasized that certain cuiiuiticuis would have to prevail before the United States joined in the war against the Communist-led Vietminh. One primary condition, they said, is that there be “united action” in Indochina by the free nations who have a stake in the conflict.
These officials, who asked to remain unidentified, denied published reports from Geneva that the administration has decided not to intervene actively in Indochina no matter how bad the situation gets there.
In Congress, Rep. Cannon <D-Mo>, senior Democratic member of the House Appropriations Committee, called on the administration to state clearly "whether we will defend Indochina or not.”
I Cannon said it is important that
the House know before it starts debating the 28*4 billion dollar defense budget Wednesday.
On the other side of the Capitol, Sen. Edwin C. Johnson <D-Colo) declared, "This present crusade to send troops to Indochina with its uncalculated cost for an uncalcu-lated result is the most foolhardy venture in all American history.”
Johnson told the Senate that armed intervention would cost the United States at least 500,000 casualties and 100 million dollars. He also said America's allies are showing no heart for a fight in Indochina.
“Why should they not rally with us in a war to stop Communist aggression?” he asked. “Simply because they know that Indochina is not a war of Communist aggression. They know that the forces opposing France’s colonial rule in Indochina are just.
“They know that if these forces are getting help from Communist China it is because the true friends of freedom in the West i hav* forsaken them.”