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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 26, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY, MILDWit Abilene toirtcr “"”™“'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL. LXIII, No. 313 Auocialed Prea (AP)ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 26, 1954 —TEN PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SDNDAY 10c 22,500 See Dedication By DON NORRIS Reporter-News Staff Writer Abilene Municipal Airport was dedicated Sunday to the continued progress of the aviation industry. Mayor C. E. Gatlin also paid tribute to past city administrations in a brief speech before an estimated 22,500 persons. Mayor Gatlin traced hi.story of the airport from its inception in the Hudson Smart administration through actual start of construction while Ernest Grissom was mayor. He credited the pair’s iores#ghtednc«s with providing Abilene viith the modem outlay. * Smart, former mayor. Air Force and airlines pilot, was chairman of the C-C committee directing the dedication. The day-long dedication was designed by sponsoring city    and Chamber of Commerce officials to BIG DAY EASY DAY FOR POLICE City police and Texas highway patrolmen working traffic • and crowds at Sunday’s airport dedication are somewhat taken aback. They went through the dedication attended by 22,500 persons: Without investigating an automobile accident. Without having to help an injured person. Without any “static” from disgruntled spectators. • ft was wonderful,” city police Sgt. F. M. Pruitt said. “It makes me like my job.” All Aviation Eyes on City For Dedication Eyes of state and national aviation officials were on Abilene Municipal Airport at its dedication Sunday. To show the widespread interest here are some of the top figures attending the dedication: Cliff Green, director of aviation, State of Texas. Col. George A. Brewer Jr.. Texas Wing. Civil Air Patrol, from Dallas. Col. William II. Shockey, commander. Oklahoma Wing, CAP, from Oklahoma City. E. L. Hardy, regional director, U. S. Weather Bureau, from New Orleans, La. H. L. Roberts, regional manager, Air Transport Association of America. Fort Worth. Herbert Hunt, president Texas Flving Farmers. Ed Travis. Civil Aeronautics Association, Fort Worth. Gen. Robert Smith, president Pioneer Airlines. George Haddaway. editor and publisher of Flight Magazine, Dallas. Mayor M. D. Bryant of San Angelo. Paul Kreith Jr., Continental Airlines, Denver, Colo. Jack Story, announcer for the National Air Races at Cleveland. Bill Fuller, director of aviation, Fort Worth. Bill Brown, CAA, Fort W'orlh. Others included representatives of all branches of the service and 6viUan aircraft manufacturers. bring home the full impact of the progress of the 51-year-old aviation industry. It did, with the help of an array of military air weapons and sleek civilian business and pleasure aircraft. Contrast between the jet age and aviation’s precarious start in 1903 was brought home by display of a 1912 pusher type plane. The old “stick and wire” pusher was in perfect condition despite its antiquity. During the day 286 airplanes landed at the base, including military, civilian and commercial. All tokl there were 710 take-offs and landings, a record for the new airport. Tree-Top Level The day really began for many of the thousands at 11 a.m. Major “Chuck” Yeager slipped in from Fort Worth in his F-86, the nation’s latest jet airplane. He “slipped in” by approaching the field from the northeast at tree-top level, catching the crowd unawares and awakening them with a low pass over the runway at near supersonic speed. Maj, Yeager was the first human to crack the speed of sound barrier, Last Dec. 12 he piloted a Bell XIA experimental rocket at a speed of 1,650 miles per hour. The flight was at Muroc AFB. Calif. Interspersed during the flag raising and dedication ceremonies were fly-overs by Air Force B47s, a C54, three F84s, a B-36, and a KC-97, from air base.s over the nation. Others On Display On display on the ground were a B50, a KC-97, C-124 Flying Boxcar, KB-29, F-84, and a C-54, as well as Pioneer Airlines and civilian aircraft of all descriptions. Pioneer Airlines made its 45,000th landing at Abilene din-ing the ceremony. The flights here have been over a period of eight years in which the airlines has carried 88,977 persons to other cities, and brought in 88,812 persons, a total of 177,789. This has all been done without mishap to either a plane or a passenger. The flight Sunday was met by Mayor Gatlin and members of the commission along with Chamber of Commerce officials and other dignataries. The pilot handed Mayor Gatlin a letter from Pioneers President Robert J. Smith. Gen. Smith In Abilene Smith said in the letter “We of Pioneer have always been proud to serve Abilene and we are truly pleased that you have given us the opportunity to celebrate with you the opening of your fine new airport.” Gen. Smith was also in attendance at the ceremony and further congratulated Abilene. “Pilots” of miniature planes also had their part to do Sunday. Starting at 9 a.m. and lasting until about 8 p.m. the Key City Model Club sponsored a model plane contest at its own “airport.’ At 8 a.m. Sunday the C-C sponsored a pilot’s breakfast attended by some 300 persons and at noon over 150 attended a buffet luncheon at the Windsor Hotel. Get Look At ‘Weather* Many of the thousands Sunday saw for the first time what's back of daily weather predictions. Open house was held at the weather bureau. The Abilene High School Band under the diiection of Robert Fielder began afternoon activities with a concert. This was followed by the flag-raising ceremony by the Abilene National Guard. The dedication ceremony took about 30 minutes, after which Set Dedicatioa. Page 10, Col 8 Aussies Wont Give Up Petrov Geneva Meet Opening Faces Solit Over China MAJ. YEAGER AND I9I2 MODEL . . . prefers 1,650 MPH jobs PILOT SAYS 1,650 MPH Like Driving a Car By DON NORRIS “It gets pretty hot” flying at 1,650 miles per hour. Major Charles “Chuck” Yeager is an old hand at supersonic speed, so he should know. He was the first man to break the sound barrier (740 mph at sea level) on Oct. 14. 1947. “Chuck” upped that to 1.650 mph on Dec. 12, 1953 in a Bell Xl-A rocket at Muroc AFB, Calii. Yeager said here Sunday he flew the rocket at about 78,000 feet. “It got pretty hot” from the Hail Smashes Windshields By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Hailstones smashed car and bus windshields south of Amarillo Sunday night as violent thunderstorms swept across the Texas Panhandle, Light to fairly heavy rain.s fell across the Panhandle, which still needs moisture despite rains in recent weeks. High winds, sometimes carrying dust, preceded the Panhandle storms. A woman motorist who made the same trip said hail lay three to four inches deep on the highway, many car windshields and headlights were broken out, and many cars had pulled off the highway during the storm. Her own headlights were smashed but a visor protected her windshield. Better than .«) of an inch of rain fell at Amarillo along with hail which varied in size up to the size of a golf ball. Nearby Canyon caught 138 inches of rain and slight hail. speed and the “airplane took on different characteristics.” Yeager was asked how it felt to fly double the speed of sound. “Aw, heck, it’s just like driving a car. They give us an airplane and we fly it.” The affable major said his test pilot work was to “collect data.” The information from the research planes is used in planning fighters and bombers for combat warfare. “We’re primarily after speed in the research planes,” he said. While at dedication of Abilene Municipal Airport Sunday Maj. Yeager was asked to sit in the seat of an open-air 1912 Curtis pusher-type plane. He did, commenting: “Sure I’ll sit in it, but that’s all I want to do.” Shortly afterward he climbed into the Air Force’s hottest jet. an F-86, for a three hour trip to California to rejoin his wife and four children. That 70 mph “flying Jenny" wasn’t for Chuck, Ex-Haskell Man Killed in Wreck HASKELL, April 25 (RNS)-James Edward Corley, 25, former Haskell resident, was killed early Sunday when the motorcycle he was riding collided with an automobile north of Keller in Denton County. Corley, an oil field worker, moved to Haskell from Hobbs, N. M., the latter part of 1952. He moved from here last June. Survivors include his mother, Mrs. Ruby Corley and a brother Jack Corley, both of Bowie; two sisters, one who lives in Hobbs, N. M., and the other of Olney. t GENEVA, Switzerland, April 25 C#)—The Far Eastern conference opens here tomorrow faced by a wide-open split between Russia and the Western Powers over the role of Red China, The United States was reported by authoritative sources to be extremely pessimistic over the outcome. The Big Three Western foreign ministers were understood to be prepared to pull out within a week or 10 days, leaving behind their deputies to carry on. The conference opens as French Union forces in Indochina are gravely pressed at Dien Bien Phu. France was reported to have asked for military aid, which the United States considered might go beyond the help that can be given without involving the United States in war. This has been refused. The problems faced here and at Dien Bien Phu were so serious that the British Cabinet held an emergency Sunday session before Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden took off by plane for Geneva. A new Russian note insisted, informed sources said, that Red China must have the status of a Big Five power when the conference discusses Korea and Indochina. One informant said U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles would “walk out of the confer-ence’{ if the Russians continue to maintain this stand. Today’s So-iet note responded to a Western declaration that Red China was not one of the inviting powers for the conference and thus did not have equal status with Britain. France, Russia and the Uuitetl States. Many problems of conference procedure remained unsolved. No time of the opening session has been announced, but at least some of the top delegates are planning to show up at 3 p.m. (9 a.m. EST) at the Palace of Nations, European headquarters of the United Nations. The United States is reported so firmly opposed to’any sort of recognition of Red China that it is willing to break up the conference rather than give the Peiping regime equal status. The big powers had reached no agreement even on how they were going to choose a chairman. There have been no top-level talks here between Russia and the Western Powers and apparently none are planned before tomorrow’s meeting. Experts of the United States, Russia, Britain and France continued, however, to work on procedural problems. McCarthy Charges Blasted by Hensel WASHINGTON. April 25 (yPL-Asst. Secretary of Defense H, Struve Hensel today denounced as “false, untrue and malicious” charges by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) that he tried to impede and discredit the Senate Investigations subcommittee in order to block an inquiry into Hensel’s financial affairs. Hensel invited a full public airing of his finances, but not during the McCarthy-Army hearing, and said McCarthy’s own finances should get similar scrutiny. Meanwhile, McCarthy said he will protest to the Investigation subcommittee tomorrow “the wasteful spectacle” of a dozen or more Army officers forced under orders “to cool their heels” as spectators at a hearing involving alleged favors to a private. This was a reference to Pvt. G. David Schine, former McCarthy aide, whose military career is the center of the controversy. These officers are needed for “the vital task of planning the na tion's defense with a war threatening in Indochina," McCarthy said in a statement. Obviously, he said, such officers as Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, Army chief of staff, two deputy chiefs of staff, the chief Army signal officer and “assorted colonels and majors” would not be there by their own choice. Hensel branded as maliciously untrue McCarthy’s accusation that he wanted to block the subcom-mitee’s work in order to head off “an investigation of me by the subcommittee fo! misconduct and possible law violations.” THE WEATHER V. s. DEPARTMEKT OP COMMEKCE WEATHER Bl'REAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly rioucty and rontinuad mild Monday and Tuesday. High temperature Monday and Tuesday high tO'a, low Tuesday morning mid 60*a. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS! Partly cloudy and warm Monday and Tuesdays widely scattered thundershowers In the northwest portion. WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy and warm Monday and Tuesday with widely scaitcr. •d thunderstorms. TE.MreRATl'RES A.M.    P.M. 69 ............. 1 •» ............. t4 •» ............. J.30      »5 67 ............. 3:30      K 65 ............. 4:30      IS 65 ............. 5:30      M 64 ............. 6:30      11 67 ............. 7:30      79 71 ......... ...    g:10      7» 75 ............. 9:30       76 79 ............. 10:30    ............. t2 ............. X1:M    ............. 13 ............. 12:30 ............. High and low temperatures for 34 hours ended at 6:30; M and 63. High and low temperaiures same date UM year: 7« and 54. Sunset last nUht 7:13 p.m. Sunrise today 5:52 a.m. Sunset tonight 7:1« p.m. Barometer reeding at 9:30 p.m. 2S.03. Relative humidity at f:30 p.m. 31 per cent. Rebel Attacks Show New Fury HANOI, Indochina, April 25 (yfi—.attack or counterattack is bound Vietminh artillery pounded Dien to bring on body-to-body struggles Bien Phil with new fury today and .    . a Vielminh broadcast heard inj Hanoi warned that a death blow,Communist-assault on the battered fortress ^ led rebels were concentrating was not far away.    their barrage on the fortress’ The broadcast, naming Brig, crumbling northwest defenses Gen. Christian de Castries, the vvhere the Vietminh now hold three the French commander of the fortress, declared he and Ho Chi Minh’s troops “will be face to face very soon." A qualified French source who gets up • to • the - minute repwls on conditions within the fortress declared the morale of the defenders was "sky high.” He said their situation was “extremely serious but not desper-perate.” Somehow, the defenders feel they can hold out, this informant said, no matter how often the Vietminh attack. But it looked like the French would need a lot of luck to turn back the Red tide if there Is a general assault soon. The fight undoubtedly will be de- key French outposts. 'The rebels have been pounding the northwest comer several days in a dogged attempt to blast a gap big enough to let thousands of Vietminh shock troops pour through to the heart of the fort. The French have been expecting the rebels to try to smash the fortress just about the time the Geneva Conference opens. The East-West talks, aimed in part at settling the Indochina War by negotiation, start tomorrow. The rebels are in a commanding position to try for the kill. They hold the whole northern half <rf the bastion's main airstrip and have squeezed Dien Bien Phu’s defenses to an area less than a mile across. At some points they were cided in hand-to-hand combat. The ¡dug in less than 2,000 feet from defense area is so small that any ¡the bastion's vital core. A Espionage Probes Due CANBERRA. Australia, April 23 lifi—Australia refused tonight to hand fugitive.. diplomat Vladimir Petrov and hi* Tvife over to the Russians. The Soviet Union has severed diplomatic relations with Australia as a result of the case. Petrov, Soviet embassy secretary in Canberra, who abandoned communism and obtained politica asylum here nearly two weeks ago has been branded a “criminal” bj the Russians. They demanded that he and his wife be turned over ta them. Reds Blast Petrov Acting Foreign Secretary Sir Philip McBride handed the Australian reply to Soviet Ambassador Nicolai Generalov. It served notice that neither Petrov nor his wife would be handed over and reminded the Soviets they still have not given any detailed charges against Petrov. The Russians have used the terms “swindler” and “embezzler” in describing Petrov, who brought a bulky sheaf of documents with him when he came over to the West. The data purported to show that a giant spy ring was operating in Australia. As a result of the evidence. Prime Minister Robert G. Menzies announced a sweeping probe would be made into espionage activities in Australia. Today’.s note was delivered as foreign ministry officials held a seiies of urgent meetings after receiving reports that the departure of the Australian embassy staff from Moscow was “conditional on developments in Australia.” Earlier the Russians had told Australian Charge d'Affaires Brien Hill and his staff to get out of the country as soon as possible. Diplomatic sources here said the delay in the staff’s departure might involve an attempted “horse trade" by the Kremlin. They said the Russians may be trying to get Victor Antonov, ’Tass News Agency correspondent out of Australia in a hurry. Antonov, who has no diplomatic immunity, could be called in as a witness in the Petrov case. Speculation Arises Other sources speculated the Russians were enforcing the delay because Generalov and his staff were unable to get quick air passage out of Australia. The Australian note said all efforts would be made to “facilitate the departure of the ambassador and his suite in accordance with the normal practices of international law and practice and assumed Russia would do likewise.” Reports from Mi^ow said the flag was still flying over the Australian embassy and there was no indicatifn when the embassy staff would be permitted to leave. The report from the Soviet capital said the embassy staff burned papers in a bonfire in the back yard and was packed and ready to leave. But Hill has been unable to get the necessary exit permits and travel tickets frtmi Soviet authorities. Thus it appeared Uity would nd; be able to get out ol Moscow tonight—the deadline originally set by the Husaians. I    * ;