Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 25, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIII, NO. 313
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 25, 1944-TEN PAGES
Associated Presa (AP)
United Pres (U P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
lr a up I British Stage
navel, Counter Drive
Near lAbove Imphal
LONDON, April 25.-(AP) —Britain halted all but the most urgent travel overseas in another invasion-secrecy %ep today, while the Germans predicted the invasion hour was near and declared their most seasoned troops stood ready to meet the as-*pult.
The travel ban, “except for business of urgent national importance which cannot be postponed,” will run indefinitely and was taken "for military reasons,” a home office announcement said. It followed or-vters restricting movements of diplomats, tightening control over coastal areas, suspending travel to
LONDON, April 25.—A _ London source having close ® connections with the European underground said today that Hitler is now making a secret inspection of the west wall defenses.
REDS RENEW SIEGE FOR SEVASTOPOL SHOWDOWN
MOSCOW, April 25—(UP)—Russian siege armies and assault planes were reported pouring torrents of shells and bombs into Sevastopol today in apparent preparation for the showdown battle of the
Black sea naval base.
—- Powerful squadrons of the Red
Air force and the fleet air arm threw everything they had at Se-I vastopol and the sea lanes of flight 1 for the beleagured German and Ro-j manian garrison, sinking 15 vessels and destroying 36 planes in 24 hours.
(Berlin reported that the Russians were attacking strongly at
With Albert D. Paber, Dallas,
Labor Dispute Hearing Open
chairman and public member, a panel from the Eighth Regional War Labor Board, Dallas, Tues-
i Sevastopol after completing their ire-grouping for the siege. A Nazi ! communique also said German and
. . . I Hungarian troops warded off strong
day morning began hearing of tes-, Red Army counter attacks between timony in a dispute between Yel- Carpathians and upper Dnestr, low Cab and Black & White taxi- indicating that the Russians had cab companies and Local No. 583; reclalmcd the initiative in the of the International Brotherhood ofi southeast corner of pre-war Po-Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehouse- land >
men and Helpers of America. Russian battle planes were re-
T. T. Neal, representative of the ported unprecedently active in two union, and Lester Graham, score- major zones of operation—at Se'
ALLIED SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, April 25—(UP)—Counter-attacking British troops have smashed a Japanese road block on the Manipur valley road above Imphal, while other Allied units are “mopping up” enemy forces in the Ko-hima area 60 miles to the north, a communique said today.
The communique did not reveal the location of the broken Japanese road block, but it indicated that strong British armored forces had gone over to the attack in an effort to clear the highway and re-
SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUARTERS, Handy, Ceylon, April 25— (ZP)—Allied forces have slain more than 4,900 Japanese troops around Imphal since the enemy launcher his offensive against that key town in northern India, a British military spokesman declared today.
The figure, he said, does not include enemy soldiers slain by artillery fire and probably represents less than half the total Japanese losses.
K USA IE
Blitz in lith Day
By AUSTIN BEALMEAR
LONDON, April 2b—(ZP) - Hundreds of Allied planes hammered the Nazi in the lith day of a massive skyway offensive today, reaching in force into southern Germany after RAF night bombers probably 1,000 strong had blasted industrial Munich and Karlsruhe.
In a reconnaissance report on the Munich raid the air ministry said whole blocks of buildings were left
TODAY'S WAR MAP—General MacArthur moves 500-miles closer to his avowed goal as ablate in the city. Smuke rose tour our Yank amphibious forces move into Hollandia, Jap air strength center in the New miles as tattered fires merged into Guinea theater, striking at Hollandia, Tanahmerah, and Aitape. (NEA Telemap).
tary-treasurer and business agent for the local union, are representing union interests in the hearing.
vastopol and over the Lwow-Stan-islawow area where the Nazis persisted in efforts to hamstring Mar-
•iire, and other recent steps to pre vent leakage of information.
Persons now holding exit permits can use them to leave Britain ur-til midnight Thursday. Thereafter only “urgent” permits will be Issued. d*o permit to leave the country will be valid unless issued on or after April 19.
Berlin broadcasts told the German people to expect the invasion at any moment, and boasted cf debase and counter measures.
from the Russian front now are guarding the Atlantic coast, one German commentator declared. and they “are ready for ^ a hard fight.”
V DNB said the Allied air blows had weakened "potential German countering strength but that the Luftwaffe "with many of its plane production factories underground, will not be knocker cd out and is “planning a second front of its own—adding reserves to use only when the curtain raises.”
Here in England, Lf. Gen. H. D. G. Crerar, Canadian commander-jjLn-chief, said the Canadian army ^was finished with its pre-invasion training and eager to settle the debt of Dieppe.
“When the final story is told the price Canada paid at Dieppe will be fepaid over and ever again to the lilied armies of invasion in the not distant future." he declared.
Available information in Madrid indicated this might be the distribution of German forces: Si* divisions in Norway, 12 in Finland, 12 in the Balkans, 175 in Russia, 25 in Italy, five along the Mediterranean coast, and 30 posted on the Atlantic wall with a mobile reserve of 60 divisions at strategic I points in France, Germany, and central Europe.
Representing owners of the two shal Gregory K. Zhukov’s prepara-cab companies are T. J. McMahon tions for a new campaign, and Fred T. Porter of the law firm j The northward advance of spring McMahon, Springer and Smart. was drying out the southern front
Upon conclusion of the hearing, and melting the snows from the expected to continue several days, central and northern front, where the panel will make a report of its German nervousness evidently refindings and recommendations toi fleeted fears that the Red Army the War Labor Board. soon wm be in action again.
At the Tuesday morning session Meanwhile the attempted evacuee major issue was whether the ation 0f Sevastopol continued unlocal union had as members a der a hail of Soviet bombs and majority of the employees of the thrusts by the Black sea fleet, two cab companies. Counsel repre- Nme of the vessels sent to the senting the employers contended : bottom were transports loaded to that the union did not have as capacity with German troops at-members a majority of Yellow Cab’s tempting to escape across the block-
Witnesses heard at it'll opening .session were Carl E. Guin assistant manager of Yellow Cab and auditor for both cab companies, and Mrs. Della Belle Pruitt, a driver for Yellow Cab. The latter denied she had even been a member of the union, and had paid no dues. Her name was included on the list of members presented by the union.
Three Indicted For Burglary
The 42nd district court grand jury Monday indicted three Abilene youths for robbery of a Merkel service station, and their cases were to be set by Judge Milburn S. Long this afternoon.
One of the youths, Charles W. Stayton, w ho earlier confessed holding the gun used in the robbery, was charged in county court last week as a juvenile when he said he was only 16.
The others are John Stroope, owner of the car used In the holdup, and Walter Lee Matthews, who kept the car running while the other two were inside.
The three made their way to Globe. Ariz., before they were arrested.
adet) Black sea to Romania. Three patrol boats, two landing barges and a torpedo boat also were sunk and a number of additional craft were damaged severely.
The attacks brought to 65 the number of enemy ships sunk or damaged severely off the southern Crimea in the past two weeks, including 17 troop transports.
Twenty-two German planes were bhut down in aerial combat and 14, including five tri-motored Junkers 52 transports used to evacuate troops by air, were destroyed on the ground In a raid on one of few airfields remaining in German hands in the Crimea.
The Soviet high command, in its midnight communique, reported for the third consecutive day that there were “no essential changes” along the vast front.
A supplement, however, told of
sume contact with the Kohima garrison.
An English county regiment was credited with driving the Japanese from their commanding position astride the highway.
Thirty miles northeast of Imphal, other British tanks and infantry were reported pressing on toward Ukhrul in full pursuit of an enemy force which last week had penetrated to the edge of the Imphal plain.
The communique did not elaborate on its reference to “mcpping up” operations in the Kohima area, but stated that there has been “no material change” in the situation there.
British Indian troops last week lifted the siege of Kohima after a 46-mile dash down the Kohima-Dimapur highway from the Assam-Bengal railhead, rescuing a beleaguered British unit that had been pinned down in a corner of the city.,
(Japanese broadcasts today re-new'ed their claim that kohima had been captured and quoted the ren
egade Indian nationalist leader i overrunning territory within bomb Subhas Chandra Bose announcing jng range of the Philippines.
for establishing in India.)
Japs Disorganized, Yanks Advance in Guinea Mud
By C. YATES MCDANIEL
MacARTHUR’S ADVANCED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea, April 25,—(AP) — American and Dutch invaders, slowed more by mud and mountain than by disorganized Japanese resistance, closed from two sides today on three air I ic Ids in a 350 squat ('-mile area of Dutch New Guinea around captured Hollandia.
A fourth airfield, seized by another invasion force against sniper opposition 150 miles to the southeast near Aitape, was expected momentarily to be in use by Fifth Airforce planes.
Thousands of invading troops the bulk of them Americans, were landed at three beachheads Saturday, protected by the guns and dive bombers of a naval armada which Adm. Chester W. Nimitz credits with wiping out 101 Nipponese planes, all but 13 on the ground. ,
Reports today by Gen. Douglas mm*mm I
Dutchmen Raise On Hollandia
MacArthur and advices from the ^ roads for transporting (lie sup-
field bv Associated Press war cor-' J . .
• * pl es piling up on the beaches.
respondents told of a steamroller, impeded largely by the terrain,
Graduations Set By City Schools
Graduation dates have been announced for Abilene high school and the three colleges.
Commencement at the high school is slated for May 26 with about 250 students receiving diplo-. _ i mas. At Hardin-Simmons univer
se repulse of continued ^German ( final exercises will be May 29
for about 75 students. Abilene
If the Japanese in the Hollandia area planned a last-ditch fight In defense of the airfields, it remained to be developed against Americans
Nowhere in the Hollandia area, less than 1,200 miles from Mindanao, was there any word of organized pinching from the two bays along a fighting by the 14 000 Japanese es- 34-mile connecting road, timated to comprise the defending Humboldt bay forces, In addition force.
On the west flank, American
J6 TONS OF WASTE PAPER GATHERED FIRST MORNING
Army trucks began today a city-wide collection of waste paper for war salvage.
Approximately 36 tons of scrap paper had been picked up from the area south of South 5th by Tuesday noon, gf'apt. N. A. Turnbull, chief of salvage of Camp Barkeley, reported.
The area was covered during the mftrning and in the afternoon was to be rechecked for bundles placed on the curbs after the trucks had made the first round * “Abilenians are cooperating in a fine way," he said, “and from indications so far, the drive will be a success.”
Most of the paper was bundled and tied correctly and placed on the stirbs, drivers of the 20 Army trucks said. Citizens are urged to have the paper cither tied or placed in boxes to facilitate handling and to keep it from blowing.
Caotain Turnbull expressed appreciation for the 14 trucks furnished by the Fourth Army through Colonel Harry E. Smith, commanding officer of the lith headquarters and ut. Col. John T. Dawson, supply officer of the lith headquarters, and to the Universal Concrete Pipe company for use of the railway siding.
Tomorrow trucks will canvas the area between South
and North 5th and Thursday, all territory north of North 5th, through the North Park addition.
The salvaged paper is being loaded in railway cars furnished by the Eighth Service Command.
counter-attacks northeast and southwest of the railway junction of Lwow in old Poland.
Some 80 miles northeast of Lwow, the Germans recaptured two villages, but were routed in turn by a Soviet counter blow in which more than 400 enemy troops were killed.
A German infantry battalion crossed a water defense line southeast of Stanislawow on the southern approaches to Lwow under cover of darkness. Soon after dawn, the Russians attacked and killed more than 200 of the enemy. The enemy remnants were thrown into the river, where many drowned
Christian college has 45 candidates from the college, not including the summer school graduates, and about 20 from the demonstration school.
•''It! I cr* last reported within five miles of the main Hollandia airfield, told AP correspondent Murlin Spencer that some Japanese “didn’t even have guns.” This invading force, landed at Tanahmerah hay, had moved six miles southeast by Sunday afternoon.
On the east flank, red mud which caked the Yanks from head to foot was tile chief deterring factor In a mile and one-half push from Humboldt bay into the wreckage of Hollandia village Sunday.
AP correspondent Asahel Bush, writing his dispatch amidst the
one glowing core.
American airmen back from Meta said at least 40 planes, mostly fighters, parked on the ground there were plastered with bombs and there was no fighter opposition. The raiders of Nancy also caught German aircraft parked on the ground.
Crewmen generally reported no fighter opposition, moderate flak weather spotty on the way but cleat over the targets and good bombing results.
While the heavies and their escort thundered into eastern France American Marauders and Havocs with British Bostons attacked military objectives in northern France which have been pounded repeatedly in recent days by every type ol daylight raider based in Britain.
Waves of planes of all types riroir forward the campaign that has poured 40.000 to 50,000 tons of explosives on Hitler's war machine since mid-April, and shortly before noon the German radio reported strong bomber formations over the southern, western and southwestern portions of the Reich.
Thirty British planes were lost last night, when the main blows aimed at factories and communications In Karlsiuhe and Munich. Mosquito olan»s hit Dusseldorf and ether raiders pounded the rail depot at Chimbly 20 miles north of Paris, a link in the battered rail network supplying the German Atlantic wall. Mines also were laid in enemy waters. Reconnaissance showed fires spreading over a large area of Munich an hour after the main bomber force had left, the air ministry said, and the attacks there and al Karlsruhe 150 miles to the northwest were "well concentrated.” The raid into Germanv was described
Bv MURLIN SPENCER WITH AMERICAN TROOPS IN HOLLANDIA. Dutch New Guinea, to occupying Hollandia village, took April 22—(Delayed) HP) -Ntne-
the village of Plm four miles to j t.v-three Netherlands civil adminis-
the south, within eight miles of trators and native policemen car-...... , . . ried the Dutch flag ashore at Hoi-
the I ami airfield in Hie Lake ben- jan(i;a tod av in the first recon- , tanl area. The main Hollandia ■ h tmitorv slnce Ger- as "in vory *rcat 8tr*nBtK ’ * u
vjrvrj? sss EHrn suritd - -Mr. “ ss
"SM ZSZASS ASS
S poll esc soldiers between Hollandia I Netherlands indies civil admin! - nVs! ‘.m '’m ! itu^l if cd f en
and bypassed Wewak and Madang tuition N1CA organized to handle ... ... , _____
■ would figure in the fighting re-; the civil affairs of Hollandia and ‘ main to be seen but headquarters re-j all others parts of Dutch New , ,
Indies as fast 5iren*in'
The Monday armadas from
Whether some of the 60.000 Nip-
ported today a supporting 333-ton Guinea and East
Bucharest, Ploestl and Belgrade, which also tore new gaps in Nazi
College exercises will be May 29, and ruins of the community’s 150 build-high school May 30. mgs, said only the sprawling bodies
bombing of the Wewak-Hansa bay area by allied bomber and attack planes. Wewak Is a Japanese air base 250 miles southeast of Hollandia.
To the northwest of Hollandia,
At Mc Mu try 35 students will re- of dead enemy stragglers were found Japanese air bases, at Geelvlnk bay,
ceive degrees May 25.
San Angeleen New AP Vice President
NEWr YORK, April 25.—(^—Robert McLean, publisher of the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, was re-
after naval gun:., dive bombers and from which planes could be sent mountain mortar raked the village, against the invaders, apparently At Aitape, the story was the same, have been reinforced. Headquar-The enemy garrison of between 500 ters said today that Liberator^ had and 1,000 fled, leaving 98 dead and to fight off 30 interceptors, shooting a few prisoners around seized Tadji down from 14 to 17, while dropping airfield. Australian Royal Air force
as they’re liberated.
Nica pronounced knoe-kah—will assist in recruiting native labor and will set up civil courts.
Dutch parties which landed with American troops at Tanahmerah and Humboldt bays included 30 native policemen, scouts, interpreters and guides but no combat troops.
Nice’s head here Is Colonel Gieb-er, former commandant of the Dutch Air Training center at Jackson, Miss., who said “these men
engineers worked at night under
„ ton, or explode, on ..rcfrome. “VT ASR The bombers had met no
More than 7,100 Germans have 'elected president of The Associated arm, to repair the bomber and ; on that secjpr
been killed in the Stanislawow sec- '1-1‘ J 1 "
tor in the past week.
floodlights, disdainful of the enemy enemy air opposition in recent raids wpre recruited in Java and the Ka!
Agreement Seen in Compensation Suit
The plaintiff and defendant in the suit of Rose Mary Needham Mikulancez vs. Car and General general manager
Insurance Corporation Limited, for __
compeasation, had reached a tentative settlement this morning and attorneys were to announce the decision later today.
Heard in 42nd district court,
Letcher King was attorney for Mrs.
Mikulancez, and Frank Smith and Roland Church were representing the insurance corporalcy). Petit I jurors hearing the suit were dis-i missed at mid-morning.
Press by the AP board of directors today.
Houston Harte of the San Angelo, Tex., Standard was named first vice president, and Norman Chandler of the Los Angeles Times was elected second vice president.
Frank B. Noyes continues as honorary president, and Kent Cooper continues as executive director and
fighter strips while American troops moved on Aitape village five miles north.
"Landing craft brought a never ending flow of troops and supplies to j the beachhead from liberty ships i a cd transports," reported AP Cor- ■ respondent Spencer Davis.
At each expanding perimeter from Aitape to Hollandia, bulldozers and tractors tore into the jungle, build-'
Everywhere over the 150-mile invasion front between Aitape and Hollandia, the evidence of enemy surprise was noted. At Humboldt bay, a radio station, two truckloads of ammunition, ll other trucks, tractors, a workshop and gasoline stores were raptured. Freshly killed horses were found near an enemy kitchen.
Britain sent down 103 German planes in air combat and wrecked 49 mote aground for a total of 152, against losses of 38 bombers and 17 fighters.
The Mediterranean air force bagged 29 Nazi planes yesterday against a loss of 4, but headquarters did not specify how many fell in the raids into Romania and Yugoslavia.
Balkans, Northern Italy Given Dose
Naples. Aor 25—</T’> -German bombers struck sharply at Naples last night in die wake of a great co-REPORT ISSUED ordinateri attack by Allied aircraft
NEW YORK. April 25 — i/P-— ' against Nazi communications and
Standard Oil Co, <N. J.) reported ; aircraft plants in the Balkans and
today consolidated net income for northern Italy.
1943 of $121,327,773 or $4 45 a share. i Unofficial estimates placed the
natives of Hollandia area and others
islands. All have had two years of police school training and all are equipped with American uniforms.
nearly 50 percent more than the $81,089,835 or $3 a share shown for 1942.
I S DEPARTMENT OI (ONMEECE ll I ATMI R Iii REAl
ABILENE and Vicinity: Partly cloudy to cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday: scattered showers late tonight and Wednesday; warmer this att-ernoon, fresh to occasionally strong
'' Maximum temperatures past 24 hours
j Minimum temperatures past 12 houri:
43 TEMPERA!! RES
Tue-Mon Mon-Sun A M Hour P M
61 45— I— 7(1 68 63 47— 2— 73 70 «:i 48— 3— 74 71
62 48- 4— 76 62 46— 5- 74 60 44— 6— 74 «) 43— 7— 7.1 52 51— 8— 69 65 59— 9— 67 69 65—10— 64 72 68—11— 64 75 70-12 - 63
Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight ......
72 72 72 69 64 60 55 83 47 6:5o 8 13
size of the Nazi formation which raided Naples at 30 to 40 planes. The attack, although sharp, was not particularly damaging. One of the raiders was shot down by Beaufighters.
The Allies flew 2,000 sorties yesterday, destroying 29 enemy planrs for a loss of 14 in operations that included heavy bomber assaults on the Bucharest and Finest! railyards in Romania and on an aircraft I factory at Belgrade.
House Occupied by Yankees at Anzio
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, April 25— TV-American troops occupied a house I 1-2 miles west of Carano iii the central sector of the Anzio beachhead after a brisk fight yesterday, headquarters announced today.
Another small Allied force also 1 improved its position on the beach*
; head, occupying seme woods miles soutli of Cisterna, importai I German communications hub.
road to ti
PANORAMA OF U. S. NAVY MIGHT IN PAC IFIC-This panorama of ships is part of the powerful U. S. Navy task force which blasted Kwajalcin atoll in the Marshalls of the central Pacific on January 31-February I and then anchored on February ll, when this picture was made, in a Marshalls atoll lagoon. Nine aircraft carriers and 12 battleships are well as points along a shown, along with cruisers, destroyers and supply ships. Left, from foreground back, arc an aircraft carrier, two battle- j >°ArtUlery md mortar duels ships and a carrier converted from a cruiser, in right center are five aircraft carriers and behind fifth (in line dingo- ,inued in cassino. One Allied nally to left) is a battleship. At far right (rectangular outline) is another carrier converted from a cruiser. Navy offi- m the central part of the cials say one million tons of shipping are represented in this picture. (AP Wirephoto). I crossed the Sangro aver.