Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 25, 1938, Abilene, Texas
®f)c Allene Reporter ~Jirti)£"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT
VOL LVII. NO. 337
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS. MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 25, 1938-TEN PAGES.
United Press (UP) PRICE 5 CENTS
QUEENLY IF NOT A QUEEN
MARGARET FIFE, SWEETWATER
When West Texas chamber of commerce delegates ballot this evening at Wichita Falls for the Queen of West Texas, to reign during the coming year, a prominent candidate will be Margaret Fife, above, who is
Miss Sweetwater. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. M. W. Fife. She was crowned Miss Sweetwater at the last annual water carnival in that city, and is in her year's reign in that role.
New Municipality Bankruptcy Act Upheld By Supreme Court
By RUSSELL TURNER « United Press Staff ’Con cap:ndeut WASHINGTON, April 25._(UP)-The supreme court today affirmed the constitutionality of the new municipal bankruptcy act, passed by congress to replace a bankruptcy statute invalidated by the court in 1936.
The decision, read by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes, was by a 6-to-2 vote, with Justices James F. McReynolds and Pierce Butler dissenting. Jus-’-——
Abilene Girls State Champs
Chorus, Directed By Ouida Clemons, Takes Blue Ribbon
European Stew Nears Boiling Point Today
Demands Of Nazi Czech Minority Darken Picture
By The Associated Press
A warning to French workers to knuckle down and increase production to avert totalitarian dictatorship, a defense and trade accord between Britain and Ireland and revolutionary demands from two quarters against Czechoslovakia today became new ingredients in the European stew.
Czechoslovakia's powerful Germanic minority demanded autonomy while a land-hungry league of Hungarians called for return of upper Hungary, lost to Czechoslovakia in the World war settlement.
France's ‘‘strong man" premier, Edouard Daladier, warned workers 1 given to frequent strikes they must expect totalitarianism which would force them to work unless they stepped up production willingly.
Daladier announced cabinet approval of a plan for economic and financial rehabilitation to be put into effect by decree next week. He promised continued freedom of foreign exchange and adherence to the monetary accord with Britain and the United States.
The Anglo-Irish agreement skipped over the Irish desire to absorb Northern Ireland but provided for reciprocity in trade and strengthened Britain’s defenses.
Reports from the world’s wars told of a Spanish insurgent air attack on Valencia in which 30 persons were killed and of a change in the Japanese North China command.
Coincidentally with a report that General Count Juichi Terauchi had been recalled to Japan, succeeded by Lieut.-General Jim Ushlromiya, Japanese forces made fresh advances on the central Chinese front.
To season this goulash of discord a powerful military and diplomatic pact between France and Britain seemed in the making, promising somewhat to allay British misgivings over weakness in preparations for aerial warfare.
Political ministers of the Czechoslovak caHtoet, meeting today, were expected to discuss a Sunday address by Konrad HenUnen, "fuehrer” of 3,500,000 sudetan Germans, who
FOR WORK AND PLAY-
West Texas C. Of C. In Session
REALLY, IT'S GREAT FUN-
Cutest Kid Contest Begun
BY MAURINE EASTUS ROE
This might have been an inter- j view with Entry No. I in the "Cu-test Kid" contest Good afternoon, folks.
I've just had my picture made.
Really, it was great fun. The bright lights were all around, and 1; certainly was the center of atten-'
Hon. There were some pretty flow-; ers in the studio too; but I’m a boy j and insisted on my rights No flow-! ers in my picture.
It’s Howard Kunz, Jr. I live at 1182 Palm street with my mother and daddy- I'm 22 months old; Ii weigh 29 pounds; I walk all over the place.
Why was I having my picture made?
The Abilene Reporter-News and Thurman studio are having a contest to select the "cutest kid." My mother just dressed me up and took me right down town. I even happened to be entry No. I, getting to the studio just ahead of a little girl who was plenty cute herself.
First Pictures Made
Photo by Thurman
Don't get the idea that I think I’m cute. If I did, it would not be my place to admit it.
SHOULD HEAR DAD
But you should hear my dad. He just knows I’m the finest boy in the world; he’s even put me up beside the girls too. That’s what comes of being an only child.
My mother thinks I'm a fine boy because I look so much like my daddy- That makes him awfully proud.
What did I enjoy most about having my picture made? if you really want to know, it was that dog they had in the studio. He just barked and barked. I thought once I had found him inside that big camera, but he wouldn’t come out. Maybe they have him locked up. I wanted to take him home with me to play, but about that time that little girl came In and I forgot to ask about the puppy.
Yes, if Howard Kunz Jr.. wer1 a little older, that might have been the interview which he would give a reporter. Aa it is, he merely smiles in a winsome manner an.*
See CUTE KIDS. Pg. 9, Col. I
Resolutions Are Being Prepared
Works Committee Declares Real Estate In Texas Bears Unfair Share Of State Costs
By HOWARD C. MARSHALL WICHITA FALLS, April 25.—(AP)—The important works committee of the West Texas chamber of commerce declared today real estate in Texas was bearing an unfair share of gov-ernmental cost and the ad valorem tax on such property for state purposes should be abolished.
A resolution to this effect was one of a number adopted for submission to directors of the convention which began its 20th annual convention amid a fanfare of blaring, marching bands and with thousands pouring into town for a big pro-gram of work and play.
The first resolution approved by the committee said it was impossible to give relief to the taxpayers through a reduction of local public expenditures —- —
FDR Would Tax All U. S. Salaries, Bond Incomes
All Exemptions Would Be Ended By Legislation
By ALLEN C. DIBBLE United Press Staff Correspondent
WASHINGTON, April 25.—(UP)
—President Roosevelt today congress to enact promptly a “short
and simple statute" to subject all
. . - -.....—, governmental salaries and all fu-
. ca,“*d ^or ^government along ture governmental bond issues to nazi lines for his followers, most income taxation.
tice Benjamin N. Cardozo, long absent from the court because of illness:, did not participate.
Today's opinion did not overrule
the 5-to-4 decision by which the
court invalidated the old bank- |
ruptcjr act. Instead, it held that the !
new statute had been carefully !
drawn to meet objections expressed
by the court to the original statute.
The court denied the plea of the New York rapid transit corporation and the Brooklyn and Queens Transit corporation that it recon- 1 sider Us recent decision approving constitutionality of New York j City's 3 per cent cross income tax on utilities.
The court, in an unanimous decision delivered by Justice Stanley F Reed, last month ruled that the levy does not violate any constitutional provisions nor does it violate the contract between the transit companies and the city providing for the five-cent fare. The transit companies, in petitioning the high court for a rehearing, charged that "politics are at the bottom of this tax."
Other court actions included: Affirmation of the action of lower courts in dismissing a request by the Tennessee Electric Power Co., for an injunction to halt a pro posed $4,000,000 public work grant and loan to the city of Chattanooga for construction of a municipal power system.
Approval of a federal power commission request to speed argument in its fight to investigate the affairs of six Pennsylvania utilities firms. The court set argument of the case for April 28 instead of May 2, as asked by the utilities.
Acceptance for argument of a ease concerning the now-repealed Bankhead cotton aet. The court limited argument to
See COURTS, Pg. 9, Col. 5
ABILENE and vicinity: Mostly cloudy, probably local shower* tonight and Tuts-
'VEST TEXAS: Cloudy to partly cloudy, probably local shower* in east portion tonight and Tuesday KAST TEXAS: Mostly cloudy, probably
Abilene high school choral club. with the state championship blue ribbon of the state interscholastic league choral club contest, returned home yesterday from Denton where It participated In the contest ar North Texas State Teachers tacklng college. 1 weeks.
The all-girl choral club directed by Quida Clemons won the Class A contest. It is the first time an Abilene entry has worn the first place color although the local singers have placed several times.
In second and third place were Paschal and Arlington Heights high schools, both of Fort Worth.
Accompanying the group were Mr. and Mrs. George Murray, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Beam, Mrs J. D.
Keathley, Mrs. A. P. Cowan. Margaret Henderson, and Mrs. James Stowe. The girls spent Friday and Saturday night at the Worth’hotel in Fort Worth, Miss Clemons said.
Those making the trip were Harriet Murray, Geraldine Shaw*, Mar-
of whom live along the Czechoslo-vaxla-German border.
Previously he had conferred in Berlin with Adolf Hitler's first lieu-
wnv!^’ Marshal Hermann
Wilhelm Goering, and it was believed the German government stood behind his sweeping demands, one of which was:
Revision of the (Czechoslovak) foreign policy whereby the state up to now has lined up in the ranks I of German’s enemies.’’
Tile Praha government saw more than a coincidence in a Sunday meeting of the Hungarian revision eague which by resolution "solemnly swears not to rest until tnis sacred aim (return of upper Hungary) has been fulfilled.’
The Henlein nazis have formed 1 a loose federation with other minorities in Czechoslovakia to advance i their causes in the Praha parlia-i men1 Observers pointed out that the Hungarian and Polish as well as the German press had been at-Czechoslovakia in recent
Impending birth of a strong Anglo-
Ser EUROPE. Pg 9, Col. 5
The president's recommendation was one of a series in his recovery
Mr. Roosevelt advised congress that he believed the recent trend of supreme court decisions indi-i rated tax exemption of government , securities and salaries—both federal and state—could be ended by statute and without constitutional amendment.
The statute proposed by Mr. Roosevelt would enable the federal government to tax income derived from federal, state and municipal ; bonds and offices; reciprocally, the i states would be authorized to tax income from federal bonds and offices as well as their own.
The president declared that "men with great means" placed funds in tax-exempt securities and that "a fair and effective progressive income tax and a huge perpetual reserve of tax-exempt bonds cannot exist side by side."
Under present conditions all state, municipal and federal bonds are exempt from both state and federal taxes. Federal salaries are
See INCOME TAXES, Pg. 9; Col. 4
First Outbreak Of Nazi Anti-Jewish Violence Reported
P R AGUE, Czechoslovakia, April 25—(UP)—The first major outbreak of nail anti-Jewish violence in Czechoslovakia was revealed today, simultaneously I with an emergency call by Premier M1L& Hodza for a cabinet meeting to consider demands of the country’s German minority for recognition.
Shortly after the cabinet meeting was called, the German minister conferred with Foreign Minister Kamil Krofta.
The nazi outbreak occurred last night in the town of The-using, near Marienbad, where the town council resigned voluntarily and was joined by 300 Sudeten Germans In a torchlight parade through the streets.
The demonstrators, first dispersed by gendarmes, who threatened to fire on them, subsequently reassembled and smashed windows of the Jewish temple and several Jewish shops.
A truckload of gendarme reinforcements arrived there from Prague today and made several arrests.
Dust Storm At Sea
WASHINGTON, April 25— Ah _
E\er hear of a dust storm at sea? Well, the federal hydrographic office did.
The steamer Telesfora de Lar-nnaga has Just reported she ran into one off the west coast of Africa. It lasted for six days.
BATTLE IN OFFING—
Rain Brightens Crop Prospects
Good Planting Season Also Is Assured W. Texas
Rains In several West Texas counties yesterday brightened crop prospects and assured a good planting season.
Downpour was heaviest in counties south of Abilene with small streams in the six-county area of Runnels, Coleman, Tom Green, Coke. Concho and Sterling going out of banks.
Waters rose in the North, Middle I and Main Conchos and the Colorado rivers. The North Concho was out of its banks for a short time Sunday and water was waist deep in sections of Lake View, immediately north of San Angelo.
Ranchers southeast of San Angelo reported the fall as four to six inches. Coleman had a hard rain amounting to 130 inches, while Winters reported an inch fall. Good rains also were reported at Ballinger, Bronte, Eden and Paint Rock.
Abilene's rainfall for the weekend was .49 inch, with .17 yesterday. Precipitation since the first of the year was boosted to 8.31 inches. nearly three inches above the normal for the same period.
To the east Clyde reported a half inch rain, assuring a fine grain crop. Albany had only .29 for the weekend.
Fisher (county did not receive any additional moisture, it was reported in Roby today.
Additional showers were predicted for Abilene and West Texas tonight.
and the state had many sources of revenue to partially ease the burden on real property.
Property representing only one-third of the wealth of the state is carrying practically 75 per cent of the taxes raised in the state for support of state and local governments," it said.
Another closely related resolution meeting committee approval declared opposition to punitive taxes tending to stagnate oil and business development.
Referring especially to efforts to increase taxes on crude oil, the resolution stated that from time to time proposals calculated unfairly to tax capital and business were offered and the result was to confiscate business for the benefit of government.
Past proposals would have made impassible operation of 20,000 stripper wells in West Texas, it said-Still other resolutions declared for a soil and water conservation contest, apportionment of public school funds on an attendance basis, establishment of the Big Bend park, a campaign to interest capital in West Texas, creation of a government agricultural research laboratory to be located at Texas Technological college in Lubbock and amendment of state laws to place venue of land vacancy suits in counties where the land is situated and give the possessor prior right of purchase.
VACANCY HUNTERS Most discussion centered on the resolution pertaining to activities of vacancy hunters, a vacancy being a strip between faulty surveys. Where it originally disposed of the land, the state claims title to vacancies, and an enormous amount of litigation has developed in efforts to establish titles.
Speakers said vacancy seekers "again" were attempting to “ex ploit" land owners and condition was threatened.
J. S. Bedwell, oil operator and ranch owner, of Wichita Falls, said a "regular racket" was operating and advocated strong language in the resolution to specify the operations headed up in Austin. Others counselled a general declaration.
"If you want to hit something.
See WTCC. Pg. 9. Col. 7
British Economist Lauds U. S. Spending
See CHORAL CLUB. Pg. 9, Col. 5
TORONTO, April 25.—(Canadian Press).—John Wycliffe Lowes Forester, 85. dean of Canadian portrait painters, died today of injuries suffered when knocked down by automobile Thursday night.
Ordered May 14
Sunday Shutdowns Of Texas Oil Fields Ordered Continued
AUSTIN. April 25.—(UP)—The Texas railroad commission today ordered continuation of Sunday shut-downs in Texas oil fields through May and set net daily allowable production for May at 1,-307.914 barrels. Of this it is estimated that 1,218.935 barrels daily will enter domestic market.
Sunday closing of the Texas oil fields has been in effect since Jan. 23. The new order continues it for five more Sundays. Rodessa field is excepted from the Sunday closing order becaue it is a tri-state field and drainage from the Texas portion of the field might result if it were included.
The allowable production on operating days totals 1,543,268 barrels a day. Tile Sunday closings will prevent production of an estimated 7,295.865 barrels or the equivalent of a daily reduction of 235,-354 barrels which gives the announced production totals.
East Texas production, figured on 31 days, is set at 504,835 barrels a day compared with a scheduled 501,M2 for April. Some adjustments in schedules are made for West Texas fields due to decreased demand for oil gathered In those fields. Commission Chairman C. V. Terrell said. Since the April production schedule was issued, he said, 700 wells have been added in the state. The estimated net daily allowable production of 1.307.914
Taylor County Commissioners Order Vote After Petitions Are Presented
nn„.^aVV0tlrS u°f Tayl0r county wil1 onc® “ore Ko to the
tv ho?i h'i T i * °r n0t the 8ale of b<tr within th« county shall be legalized. The election date was set late this morning by the commissioners court after 32 petitions bearing 899 signatures> requesting the election had been presented by John Reed for E. B. Miller, Bill Brown and Kit Carson.
mn J f gjj111011*. •xc*ed«d by more than 30 names the mini-mum of 861 required by law to make an election call mandatory. Brown stated that three more petitions were out, but had not yet been turned in. The legal requirement is that petitions earing signatures of qualified voters numbering ten percent of the number of votes cast in the county for governor in the preceding general election must ‘---
I prs court Saturday morning.
The double elections will be held j in all precincts presenting proper petitions. The requirement is the same as for the county election, that is, IO percent of the number 01 votes cast in the precinct for governor in the last general election. The figures are available in
See BEER VOTE, Pf. 9, Col 7
LONDON, April 25—(UP)-Pres-j ident Roosevelt's "spending-lend-| ing recovery program will save I the world temporarily from "almost I complete economic collapse,” Sir George Paish, Britain's wartime economic adviser, said today.
Paish. who foresaw the 1929 eco-: nomic collapse more than IO years before it started, and predicted bank failures In the United States a year before they occurred, said ■
two weeks ago he ’world breakdown
that until feared a
Announcement of Mr. Roosevelt's plans for renewed spending and release of "frozen" gold postponed the breakdown a year, he said. One of the main causes of the United States depression and subsequent recession was "cessation of Roosevelt’s expenditures,*’ he asserted.
500 Athenians To Attend Meet
Motorcade Will Leave At 6:15 Tuesday Morning
A motorcade of lo buses and about 40 private automobiles is to gather at Hardin-Simmons university at 6:13 tomorrow morning to leave foi Wichita Falls in emphasis of Abilene’s bid for the 1939 convention ol the West Texas chamber of commerce. About 500 advance registrations for tomorrow s session of till convention had been reported to £ H Moore, general chairman of the attendance committee, this morning.
In parade formation and decked out in banners and "howdy neighbor” slogans, the motorcade will leave the university campus at 6:30, Albany, Throckmorton, Olney, and Archer City will be given full benefit of the fanfare as tfie group rrake* it* tr^p to Wichita Falls, General meeting place for paradq unit formation has beer, designated at the state hospital south of Wichita.
From this point, the motorcade, headed by state and Wichita Falls patrolmen will continue to the fed-j era] building where the parade will open. The line of march will be led by Emmagene Hale as Miss Abilene”, accompanied by E. H. Moore, then will follow the Abilene high school band, McMurry drum corps, Abilene Christian college band, Hardin-Simmons Cowboy band and th® Hardin-Simmons Cowgirls.
After the parade the group will Join the convention program celebrations to take part in the pro-
a serious f™™ and sPrfad Abilene’s lnvtta-
At 3 o’clock, the entire group will be in the Memorial auditorium af the general session of the convention to hear Mayor Fiorello H La-Guarlda of New York City make one of the feature addresses of the meet. The band contest for the selection of the official West Texas j chamber of commerce band will claim attention at 5 o'clock, and al 7:30 Miss Hale will take part in the Oil Festival, at which time "Mise West Texas" wUl be presented The day of activity will close * series of dances beginning at 9 o'clock. The Abilene delegation will return Tuesday night.
Abilene chamber of commerce committeemen who have been pushing the drive to secure the largest delegation of any city at the convention seemed well pleased with the results of their efforts today They expressed hope of winning both the 1939 convention and th* prize for largest delegation to register at the convention.
River On Rampage
VICTORIA. April 25—(/IV- Th® Guadalupe river was near flood stage in this area today from five inches of rain in 18 hours. The Cuero highway in the vicinity of Spring creek was impassable and highway traffic at other points was threatened. Crop damage was expected to be light except in lowland areas.
ATTACKED BY PERVERT-
be presented to the commissioners court. In the last fen-
way," said Judge Lee R York, "it will save the county quite a bit of eral election, 8,652 votes were ?]oney in case the flection carries
cast in Taylor county.
The chief question of the election brought before the commissioners this morning was whether or not precinct option elections should be held at the same time as the general county election.
Under this plan, the voters of the
barrels compares with a federal bu- ,
reau of mines estimate that there , °n tW0 dUf**
will be market for demand for I - llSJi,. ♦ . °nf . WOuW **
322 500 barrels ’ or n°t sale of beer should
Z™ barrpls- be legalized in the county, the
Tile new K, M. A. field is allow- j second would be whether or not tile ed an increased production from sale should be legalized within the 9.789 barrels a day to 16,223 bar- | precinct, provided rile county-wide rels. The Panhandle district is in- favored legalization, creased 555 barrels to 75,544; North I Members of the court considered Texas increased 2,527 barrels to 58,- thf double election plan preferable. 324; West Central Texas is upped ^ut refused to call such an elec-
^ __ Bon on their own motion.
OIL ORDER, Pf. 9, UL I I "lf the voter* want it (taos thst
Howevr. I don’t feel free to call it that way by motion of the court.
Some people might get the idea that it was some kind of strategy,
and we want to stay absolutely
neutral on this question."
"However, we would be glad to . 4 . . . . ..
,* (sought to violate his tiny body, am further petitions for j died at the armv base hospital here precinct elections on the question today.
tv-) be held at the same time as the i The child, son cf Timothy Sul-county election ’ livan, a retired army sergeant, died
Four Year Old San Antonio Boy Dies OI Skull Fracture; Sex Maniac Confesses Brutal Attack
SAN ANTONIO. April 25-(UP)-Four-yeat-old William Sullivan, his skull smashed by a wine bottle in i the hands of a degenerate who j
In response to this idea, Saturday morning at IO o'clock was set set by the court as final time for presentation of precinct petitions. Persons wanting the precinct election to be held at the same time as the county election are urged to get their petitions started circulating and have them ready to turn IR IR Ult flOURlX MBU&lMtafe
of a fractured skull and possibly exposure, suffered as rte lay unconscious in a clump of mesquite brush
against him in Justice of Peace Raymond Gerhardt's court shortly after the child died.
That Tuttle’s admitted plan to make an unnatural sexual attack on the child failed was attested to by physicians who treated William in an attempt to save his life. Their examination diaclosed that his body had not been violated. CONFESSION MADE Tuttle confessed, according to
a* the edge of the city from 8 pm. police, when Oretha Dunn, a neigh-Saturday until 6 20 a. rn. Sunday, bor girl who had been aiding in Police already held the boy s at- the search for William, stumbled lacker. 24-year-old Cicero Tuttle, across his lifeless figure in the mes-former mental patient at Ute state quite thicket yesterday morning, school for the feeble-minded at He said that he had given the Austin. A murder charge «•» flied ichild a nickel to buy candy, then
had led him into the thicket where} he attacked him.
Enraged when his efforts failed, he struck William with the wine bottle, from which only a few moments before he had drunk the contents.
“That old wine made me do it— that old wine," he whimpered to officers.
When police arrested Tuttle Saturday night his clothes were blood-clotted and the sleeve of his shirt was torn, revealing a deep scratch believed to have been cuased by his struggle with the child in the brush.
They arrested him at the horn®
See ATTACK, ti, 9, Cd. $