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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 24, 1954, Abilene, Texas SCATTERED SHOWERSWt)t ^Wiene 3l^porter-^3BUtnsi"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron MORNING VOL. LXIII, No. 312 Associatotd Pre$i (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 24, 1954 --SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DiULY 5c, SUNDAY 10c Reds Break Aussie Ties MOSCOW, April 23 (/P)—Soviet Russia tonight broke off diplomatic relations with Australia over the Vladimir Petrov case. The Soviet government charged Australia was protecting Petrov, whom it described as a swindler and embezzler and demanded his arrest. It accused the Australian government of kidnaping Mrs. Petrov and of manhandling Soviet personnel. Petrov, third secretary of the Soviet Embassy in Canberra, abandoned communism and obtained asylum with the Australian government. He brought with him a batch of documents announced as exposing a Soviet-led spy ring. Mrs Petrov also received asylum after a More Showers Due; (oleniaii, Brown Soaked More widely scattered showers will fall in the Abilene area Saturday afternoon or evening, the U. S, Weather Bureau said Friday night. Good rains fell "niursday night in Coleman and Brown Counties southeast of Abilene and showers were reported in Coke County to the southwest. Abilene got .18 of an inch of rain Thursday, bringing the total for April to 2.18 Inches—just .29 of an inch below normal for the full month. But rainfall for the year to date here now stands at 3.29—or 2.09 Inches below normal for the first four months. 1.80 at Santa Anna Heaviest rainfall Thursday night was 1.80 inches at Santa Anna in Coleman County. Coleman got 1.50, bringing the total there for the month to 6 Inches. Hords Creek Lake near Coleman had 1.66 inches overnight. Some parts of Brown County had up to 2 inches. A little over .50 fell at Brown wood bringing the total there for the month to 1.15 and the year’s mark to 3.12. Some parts of the county have received more than 5 Inches of rain for the month. Thursday night showers fell in Coke County at Robert Lee and Bronte. Normal rainfall by months for Abilene and the 1954 totals in parenthesis follow: January, ,88 (.93); Feburary, .91 (.13); March 1.12 (.05); and April 2.47 (2.18 thus far). Partly cloudy and mild weather will continue Saturday and Sunday, a weather forecaster said. U.S. Militory Down WASHINGTON, April 23 (f)—The Defense Department said today that military manpower decreased 16,222 during March. On March 31 the total strength of the armed forces was 3,343,037. tumultous incident involving Soviet agents trying to take her back to Moscow. The break in relations came on the eve of the Geneva conference in which both Russia and Australia will participate. Moscow recalled its ambassador to Australia, Nikolai E. Generalov. It demanded that Australia recall her envoy in Moscow, and under diplomatic protocol this must be done immediately. The Soviet demand was for “all the embassy" to be recalled. The Soviet government declared “in the present situation, it is impossible for the Australian ambassador to continue in Moscow." Actually there is no Australian ambassador in Moscow at present. Australia is represented by a charge d’affaires, Brian Hill. The recall was demanded in a note given Hill by a Soviet deputy foreign minister, Andrei Gromyko. The same note asked that the Australians arrest Petrov as a swindler and embezzler. This was a request made earlier by the Russian Embassy in Canberra. The request has already been rejected. Red 'Murder' Case Brings U.S. Charges BE RUN, AprU 23 Oft — The United States brought the Khokhlov case to the diplomatic level today by charging Russia with “deliberately outrageous and uncivilized conduct” in ordering the murder of a Soviet emigrant leader In Western Germany. Acting U. S. High Commissioner Walter Dowling, the top U. S, administrator In Germany, fired off a sharp letter of protest to V. S. Semyenov, the Soviet high commissioner. Dowling cited the cases of Nikolai E. Khokhlov, the Soviet Secret Police captain who said he was sent into West Germany to murder a leading member of the anti-Soviet NTS organization. Instead of carrying out the mission Khokhlov turned himself over to American Intelligence authorities. Dowling also took up the case of Dr. Alexander Truchnovich, West Berlin head of the NTS group who disappeared from his home there on April 13. Dowling asserted Truchnovich was "brutally kidnapped." SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS Splllt! Whish! Sissz! Rrrrrrrr! The sound of jet engines, the “whish” of streamlined airplanes and the roar of heavy engines will be heard in West Central Texas skies as aircraft converge on Abilene Sunday. They’ll come to helo dedicate the new Municipal Airport. And the Sunday Reporter News will tell you about the fascinating things that will happen.—If it doesn’t rain. Also, the mush in the political pot is beginning to thicken. Katharyn Duff, state editor, will tell you how and what politicians are doing. Sunday’s Reporter-News will have the usual coverage of interest to women, oil men, sportsmen—and EVERYBODY! Ike Says Indo Battle Is Test Of World Peace LEXINGTON, Ky., April 23 l/fl— President Eisenhower declared today the battle for the French fortress of Dien Bien Phu in Indochina is "an agony of conflict—a testing ground between dictatorship and freedom.” The President made the statement in an Informal speech at Transylvania College, beginning observance of its 175th anniversary. He spoke before a police-estimated crowd of six to eight thousand persons, winding up a seven-hour visit to Kentucky which also embraced trips to the Army’s armored center at Ft. Knox and to Hodgenville, birthplace of Abraham Lincoln. Power Hungry Group The President spoke of "the machinations of a power-hungry group in the Kremlin and in China," and added that "an understanding of the facts, coupled with faith in America," will help to see the free world through in the struggle for an enduring peace. Eisenhower declared he wasn’t calling for unity behind any “special labels" but “the basic Ideals of America.’’ On the speaker’s stand with Elsenhower. as he talked of the battle the French forces are putting up for Dien Bien Phu and the rest of Indochina, was France’s ambassador to the United States, Henri Bonnet. Also on the stand was former Vice President Alben W. Barkley of the Truman administration. Eisenhower elaborated: "We begin to understand that in a far-off corner of the globe is an agony of conflict where, no matter how it started, has become again a testing ground between dictatorship and freedom, a desire on the one side to give a people the right to live as they shall choose, and on the other to dominate them and make them mere additional pawns in the machinations of a power-hungry group in the Kremlin and in China.” Importance Stressed Once we understand those facts, the President added, "then we begin to understand why the special conflict is of such importance to us." ’he continued; "When we begin to picture the possibility of more hundreds and millions, starting with this neck in the bottle in Indochina, spread over all Southeast Asia and through the great Islands of the Pacific, then we begin to get an understanding of what your representatives in international conferences are striving to preserve for you; basically the same freedom that your founders brought to thftt spot." Paratroops Arrive As Rebels Seize French Outpost HANOI, Indochina, AprU 23 Red-led Vietmlnh — striving to launch a death thrust at Dien Bien Phu — today seized another French defense post in the bastion’s crumbling northwest defenses. Rebel legions smashed to w'ithin 700 yards of the Union garrison’s nerve center. The French fought back desperately as wave after rebel wave surged forward In a furious attempt to blast a gap big enough to send thousands of Vietminh troops stabbing towards the heart of the northwest Indochina fortress. As the see-saw battle raged, the first contingent of American airlifted French paratroops from Paris began pouring into Indochina. The first of five huge U. S. Air Force Globemasters touched dowm in Saigon with 220 beret-wearing jump troops who left Paris’ Orly Field Wednesday. After a brief stop they pushed onto an undisclosed field in the combat area. H-SU Cowpokes Take Lead As First Go-Around Ends First go-around of the Hardin-Slmmons University collegiate rodeo ended Friday night with the home-standing Cowpokes leading the 16-team field in the race. The H-SU team took two first places and placed third in three events to take the lead with 140 points. Trailing is Sul Ross College with 130. Oklahoma A&M with 120; and Sam Houston State Teachers College with 110. A Sul Ross cowboy. Buck McGon-agUl, and Sam Houston State’s Clyde Martin each with 70 points are leading the all-around champion cowboy race. Trailing them are David Rushing of H-SU and Dick Barrett of Oklahoma A&M, a former H-SU team member. Drops Steer in 3.2 Highlight of both the afternoon and evening performances Friday w'as Texas A&M’s Bobby Rankin’s dropping his bulldogging steer in the spectacular time of 3.2 seconds. An esUmated 2,600 persons fUled the grandstands Friday night. Next performance is at 2:30 p.m. Saturday. foUowed by the final show at t p.m. Saturday. The H-SU Cowboy Band Is playing for the rodeo. The first go-around ended and second one started mid-way of DAVID RUSHING . . . top bull rider the Friday night rodeo. First go-around results were: BAREBACK BRONC RIDING; (1) Clyde Martin, SHSTC; (2) Tex Martin. Sul Ross; (3) David Rushing, H-SU; (4) BUI Johnson SHSTC. JOE CHASE . . . saddle bronc artist CALF ROPING — l^e Cockrell, H-SU, 11.7 seconds; Dick Barrett, Okla. AAM. 12 6 seconds; BUI Teague, H-SU, 12.7 seconds; Mel Set RODEO, Pg. 2^, Cot. 2^ Probers to Hear Joe s Phone Calls to Army Senator Charges Tapping 'Indecent' JENKINS QUESTIONS WITNESS — Ray Jenkins, left, special counsel for the Senate Investigations subcommittee’s probe of Sen. McCarthy’s difference with top Army officials, questions a witness as he sits beside Sen. Karl Mundt (R-SD), acting chairman. Gen. Miles Reber was the witness. CAMERAMEN NOT NERVOUS SCHINE ARRIVES — Pvt. G. David Schlne. former consultant to Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wisc). arrives in Washington by plane from New York while senators conduct a hearing on Army charges that McCarthy and his aides Improperly tried to get preferential treatment for Schine. Nervous Stenographer Lucas Adds Comedy Touch to Probe WASHINGTON, April 23 (Æ*)—After an hours-long argument before a national TV audience, investigating senators today decided to subpoena all records of telephone calls in the McCarthy - Pentagon row, and make public those deemed pertinent to the hot dispute. But Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) blocked for the time being the reading of an almost word-for-word transcript of one call in which McCarthy allegedly suggested weekend leaves for Pvt. G. David Schine “for the purpose of taking care of Dave’s girl friends.” WASHINGTON, April 23 (3n~Thc Army-McCarthy hearing had Its moments of comedy today, supplied by a nervous stenographer and some non-nervous photograph-ers. The stenographer was John J, Lucas Jr. He works for Secretary of the Army Stevens, and has the job of listening in on his boss’ phone calls and taking down w-hat is said. When Sen. Mundt (R-SD), chair- ,man of the committee looking into the dispute between Army officials and Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis), heard what Lucas’ Job is, he said; Stevens Gets Calls "I know a lot of my colleagues are going to be interested in this,” And Mundt was right. Many sen-'ators called Stevens. 1 Lucas was there because be had taken down a call from McCarthy I to Stevens, and Stevens W’anted to I put it in the record. McCarthy said AUSTIN BOUND AHS Players Take Region 2-AA Crown STEPHENVILLE, April 23. (RNS) — Abilene High School jumped into the lead here Friday night in the Region 2-AA Texas Interscholastic League Contest as they won first place in the one-act play division. The win enables the Abilene group to participate in the state meet at Austin May 7 and 8, All other regional literary events will be held here at Tarleton State College Saturday beginning at 8 a.m. Second place honors went to Breckenridge for its play entitled, “The Family Portrait.” Best actress was Nancy Cren-shaw of Breckenridge, while Gene Engel of Abilene was judged best actor. Second best actress was Marlene Hamilton of Breckenridge and third was Mary Ellen Duke of Abilene. Second best actor was Don Dren-nan of Abilene, third best Jimmy Blair of Breckenridge, and fourth was Lynn Todd of Abilene. The Abilene play, "The Wind la Ninety” was directed by Ernest Sublett, AHS drama teacher. Approximately 500 students from 15 schools are here competing in the literary, track and field events. Dr. R. V. Holland, chairman of the speech and drama department Rita Hayworth's Two Girls Under Court's Custody WHITE PLAINS. N-Y-. April 23 (iTL-Movie queen Rita Hayworth’s two little girl.s—one of them born Into fabulous wealth—were pictured as neglected children today and taken under the protective custody of a court. A hearing was set for Tuesday. Miss Hayworth left the children here with a governess during a two week Florida vacation with her fourth husband, singer Dick Haymes. The neglect charge was the latest in a series of misfortunes that have dogged their marriage. The little girls, it was reported, were seized for a time by a sheriff, then returned to the goveraess. Rita’s lawyer, Bartley Crum, issued a statement blaming some publicity seeking individual for the neglect complaint and terming it "not only ridiculous but cruel.” at North Texas State College at Denton, w as judge and critic of the one-act plays. Contest director is Dr. O. A. Grant of Tarleton State College. (lass A Won By lake View BROWNWOOD, April 23. (RNS) —Competition in the class A one-act play division got the Texas In-terscholastlc League contests for Region II underway here Friday. Lake View of San Angelo won first place In the one-act play. Title of their production was “Mooncalf Mugford" directed by Clara Hutch-ins. Second place was won by Hamilton with a play entitled, “Fog on The Valley.” Both the best actor and best actress aw'ards were presented to students from Lake View. They were Robert Griggs and Barbara ■Terrill. Judged as second best actor was Freddie Gromatzky of Hamilton while second best actress was Carolyn Groves, also of Hamilton. Remaining literary events are declamation, extemporaneous speech, journalism, number sense, ready writers, shorthand, slide rule, typing, debate, and Class B one-act plays. They will get under way Saturday mprnlng. A total of 78 sehools, 24 Class A and 54 Class B. are participating here in the literary, track and field contests. THE WEATHER U. S. DrrARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl'REAU ABILENE AND VICINITY cloudy and mild Saturday and Sunday. Widely icattered atternoon or evemn* •howere Saturday. Hlih urday 15 degreei. Low Saturday nlgnt N. High Sunday near «5. TEMPERATI RES rn A. M. •1 ..... •a ------ M ..... so ..... 60 ..... «I ..... «1 ..... 0S ..... «S ..... 7i...... n...... 71 Erl. P M. 7t .    1:30 ....------- 3:30 ............ W 3:30 ............ W ,,    4:30 ............ II ..    * 30  ....... ..    « 30 ............ .    7:30 ............ 73 ..    S:30      71 ,.    * 30 ............ W , 10:30............ , n:30............ (• ........... 13:30    ........... ^ High and low temperature» for 34 noura ended at « 30 p. m.: SI and 58 High and low temperatue» »ame date last year: 7S and S3 Buniet last n'ght 7:14 p. m. Sunrise today f:00 a. m. Sunset tonight 7:1S ^ Barometer reading at t 30 p. m. ^le-RelaUte humidity at 1:30 p. m. 10 per e«Bt. he thought it was “Indecent” to monitor a phone talk without letting the party on the other end of the line know. The senators seemed as interested in the way Lucas did his work as in this particular conversation. Did he take down every call? Well, No, Lucas said. Sometimes there were calls the secretary didn’t want him to take down, and he didn't. Was it customary to take down calls from Congress members? Well, yes. lAicas said, shifting uneasily, like a man who would much rather be taking down a conversation than making one. He took down aU calls, he said, including tho.se from congressmen. Then be had an afterthought. "I don't.” he said, "take down calls from the secretary’s family.” After awhile, Lucas remembered that he doesn’t take down the social part of phone calls, either. He explained that the conversations begin about having dinner some time, that sort of thing, "but you usually can tell when the business part comes. They say, *I hate to bother you. but—.* ” That’s when, he indicated, he started his shorthand. McCarthy turned to the document in question. He said he wasn’t blaming Lucas. “You were only doing your job,” McCarthy said. "Now, how long was the conversation?” Notes Checked Lucas looked at his shorthand notes. *17160 he said It would be better if he looked at his transcribed notes, which he did. He held up a typewritten paper to show it was fairly short, only about 500 words long. And while he held the paper up. photographers took pictures busily. Here McCarthy Interposed. He said pictures were being taken of a document not yet admitted as evidence, and that he thought the Him should be withheld. Mundt asked who took that picture. and Hank Walker of Life Magazine held uo his hand. McCarthy said he didn’t blame this young man, that he thought he was merely doing his Job, but that he thought the film should be taken from him. W'alker pointed out that he didn’t see that it mattered since nobody could read the document anyway. But he gave up his film. About this time someone else tossed a photographic plate on to the table. “Anyone else want to make sure his conscience is clear?” Mundt asked. As it turned out, the plate given the committee was a blank, and several photographers, who aren’t nervous, had taken the picture, too, but had kept quiet about it. And why not? For throughout the entire proceedings the television cameras, and presumably several million viewers, had been looking at the document, too. Secretary of the Army Stevens testified under oath at the first of the day's two televised sessions that McCarthy made this suggestion to him in a telephone conversation monitored and taken down in shorthand by a Stevens aide last Nov. 7. Angrily, McCarthy cried it was “Indecent and dishonest" for Stevens to record a conversation without the knowledge of the person at the other end of the line. Big, Long Argument Then the subcommittee, McCarthy and the Pentagon officials* lawyer argued all afternoon whether the record of the Stevens-Mc-Carthy talk, and other conversations relating to tho dispute, should be admitted in evidence, Stevens touched on another major point before yielding the witness stand temporarily to his office assistant, Jack Lucas, a wor-rled-looklng man who said his transcript of the McCarthy-Stevens call was complete except for a few words—maybe five, maybe 15 — that he didn’t catch. The Army secretary said he met with McCarthy Nov. 6—the day before the alleged call about Schine's affairs—and told the senator he wanted the Army to "carry out” an investigation started by the McCarthy subcommittee at Ft. Monmouth, N.J. McCarthy has charged that Stevens. Army Cqunsel John G. Adams and other “Pentagon politicians,’’ as he termed them, tried to block his investigation of alleged Communist spying at the Army’s Ft. Monmouth radar laboratories. Stevens said he told McCarthy and aides he felt their investigation "had served Its purpose—that we were on top of everything that they had given us, and were following up, and we had iuforma-tlon on every name that had been turned up anyway, and that I wanted to have the Army carry out (the investigation) . . He accused McCarthy of whipping up headlines giving a false impression of widespread espionage at Ft. Monmouth. And he said he told McCarthy and the senator’s aides "if they kept on with St« SENATE, Pg. 2-A, CoU 1-2 PROBE RECEIVES LOW HOOPER RATE NEW VORK, April Z3 {Jf — Interest in the televised McCarthy - Army hearings remained at a relatively low ebb again today. The Hooper ratings, based on samplings by telephone, gave the afternoon session a 12 point rating — which indicates 12 out of every 1(X) New York homes with TV sets wera looking in. Yesterday’s figure was 10 and that slipped to nine this morning. Three Men Escape Parker County Jail WEATHERFORD, April 23 UTh-North Texas officers were alerted today for three men who broke out of the Parker County jail and escaped with a deputy sheriff’s pistol and car. The three—identified as Johnny Moore. 25. Charles Fant and Billy Bob Clark, all of Dallas—were last seen headed toward Fort Worth and Dallas in a blue Ford two-door sedan. They were known to be armed with at least a .32 caliber pistol and officers expressed belief that they also had a rifle and a shotgun. NATO Warns Soviet About Mililaiy Hike PARIS, April 23 W)—The foreign ministers of the NATO nation* warned their peoples tonight that Soviet communism sUll aims at world domination and It continuing to build up military atrength. In a rapid one-day turvey of tha world situation on the eve of tha Geneva conference on Korea and Indochina, the ministers of tha North Atlantic Treaty Organization called for maintaining vlgUanca and unity in the face of the Soviet threat. They expressed hope that soma positive result would come out of the conference opening Monday. A joint ministerial communique issued late tonight as the NATO session ended said: “After discussing international developments since it* last meeting, the (NATO) Council found no evidence that the ultimate aim of the Siovlet Union had altered, and noted that the military strength of the Soviet Union and it* satellite* continues to increase. The Council therefore once more agreed upon the need for continuing efforts, vigilance and unity.’* Condemned Negro Asks Witnesses to Proy HUNTSVILLE. April 23 — A con-vlcted Negro rapist died in the electric chair today declaring, **1 love Jesus." “You men pray for me,” WlUle Lee Gage. 42, Fort Worth, told death chamber witnesses. Gage was convicted of raping a 21-year-old white houaewlfa Nov. 15, 1952, He proteated his innocence. Haskell School Bond Vote Set NEWS INDEX SICTION A Waman's newt . . . Sport* .......  . SICTION • Ediforiai* ......... Comie* ........... Radia A TV La* ... Farm aaws ........ OR a a • u • • . 4 i-7 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 7 • HASKELU AprU 23. (RNS) — Trustees of the Haskell Independent School DUtrlct Friday night called a $350,000 bond election for May 15. liie proposed bond issue wUl be used to expand HaskeU school faculties to meet the steadily increasing enrollment In the elementary grades. The trustees* action came at a meeting attended by approximately 80 HaskeU business man and property ownera favoring the bond lasue. The meeting was held in the elementary school building. A petition hearing about 50 names was presented the board asking that the election be caUed. The $350,000 bond isaue would be used to buUd an elght-clasaroom addition to the preaent elementary school buUding, a large gymnaai-um for the high achuol, and a three classroom • administrative office buUdlng connecting the high school and junior high school buUdings. The bonds would mature over a period of 35 years and would be redeemable at the option ol the board la 15 yeaira. Present enroUment in the elementary grades here (one through five) is 534. Supt. of Schods C. D. AUen reported to the board that two additional classrooms wiU be needed at the beginning of the 1854 term, and at least one additional room each year for the following four years. He estimated enrollment would reach 728 in the elementary grades by 1958. The HaskeU Independent School District has in it approximately 43 per cent of the county’s scholastics. The district’s assessed valuation at present is $8,319,(XX) with a bonded indebtedness oif $225,000. Present district Ux rat* is $1.25 per $100 valuation. Truateet propose to raise this to the $1.50 maximum if the planned bond issue is approved. Indebtedness then would be about 7 per cent of the aasetse’i district valuation. Ed Hester is president ol the board and Dr. WUliam J. Kemp is secretary. Members are Caii Wheatley, J. B. Gipson, BIU Bolden. Fred GiUiam, end Gastm Hattox.    I ;