Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 22, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIII, NO. 311.
A TEXAS 2mUf NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 22, 1944 -EIGHT PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Pm fyj>.) PRICE FIVE CENTS
JI. S. Carriers in Indian Ocean Join
Assault on Sumatra
•Yank Planes J.ay Waste to Nippon Bases
% SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUARTERS, KANDY, Ceylon, April 22.-(AP)—A strong United States navy carrier force has joined with
f ritish, French and Dutch na-al units in the Indian ocean and participated in the blow which caught Japanese napping at Sumatra and Sabang, Allied headquarters announced today.
Speedy navy planes, 80 percent of them American-made, hopped off from American and British carriers at dawn last Wednesday and smashed nearly a every installation in sight at ™ Sabang on the island of We, just off the northern tip of Sumatra, and at Lhong airfield on Sumatra itself.
The air-sea attack was the first strong assault delivered at the
fipanese from the direction of eylon, British naval headquarters in this area, and indicated that at long last Admiral Sir James Somerville, commander of the British Eastern fleet, had the strength for other smashes of at least a hit-run •alure.
(There was no indication whether the American carrier force had permanently Joined the British for operations in the Southeast Asia theater. Presumably the movement #f the large carrier force into the Indian ocean was a costly and elaborate operation, however, which would not be performed for the purpose of making this one attack which was first announced on
(Dispatches from Associated Press Correspondent Eugene Burns from “aboard an American carrier off Sabang’’ indicated the carrier force had come from the Pacific. Burns has
* been with the Pacific naval ™ forces.) * f
Before the airmen hit the Sumatra targets India-based American liberators struck Port Blair in the Andaman islands some 300 miles to the northwest in a diversionary at- ; Jack to draw off the Japanese planes from Sabang.
The ruse was perfect. At Sabang all the planes on the ground were destroyed. The Japanese were so unprepared that their anti-aircraft I batteries were unmanned. Only Might guns were used at first.
^ a a *
In a devastating 15-minute attack, the Allied aircraft wrecked Japanese planes, ships, docks, oil tanks and other installations. A British submarine in the vicinity Pe ported that huge fires still were burning 12 hours later.
Two cargo ships of 4,000 to 5,000 tons each, three corvettes, three huge oil tanks, docks, warehouses, barracks, a radio ^ station and power plant all re-
• ceived the personal attention of the fliers, to say nothing of the Japanese commander’s personal quarters, which were riddled by four early rising Hellcats. “Immeasurably better than the
burning of Sabang is that we have "tarted to kick the Jap from behind and we have let 70,000,000 Netherlands natives know that the white man is coming back with power to break the evil Japs’ hold on their necks” declared an Allied ftaval observer.
AIR INVASION INTO 6TH DAY
STAMFORD FLIER GIVES COVER FOR SEA RESCUE
By EUGENE BURNS
ABOARD AN AMERICAN CARRIER OFF SABANG, Sumatra, April
19 (delayed)—(ZP)—Under the smoking guns of Japanese coastal batteries,
a British submarine made one of the most dramatic rescues of the war today, picking up an American pilot, Lt. (j g.) Dale Christian (Klondyke) Klahn, shot down in the task force blow against Sabang and Lhonga.
Klahn’s plane—the flier’s home is Laramie, Wyo— was the only one downed by the Japanese during the raid.
Twelve Hellcats meanwhile spread a Star-Spangled umbrella over the little yellow life raft and the rescuing submarine, nailing down the Japanese air force.
A Japanese destroyer which tried to close with the surfaced and comparatively slow-moving and un-maneuverable submarine was stopped “dead in its tracks” by these Hellcats supervised by their fight-er-skipper, Lt.-Comdr. Robert G.
^Bob) Dose, 29, of Coronado, Calif.
The Japanese, who reckon life as cheap, must have been amazed at the rescue show. For one solitary pilot, the submarine risked its entire personnel, dossing within point-blank range of a coastal gun, while 12 fighter pilots risked their necks for 90 minutes to dive upon the Japanese and strafe the Japanese destroyer. When our fighters ran out of ammunition they simply made threatening runs.
Air Group Commander Joseph C. (Jumping Joe) Clifton, Paducah, Ky„ said, "the entire fighter squadron offered to remain and protect their fighter pilot. I took a big gamble in holding 12 because they were needed for coverage of the carrier and battleship task force.
The fighters remained, said Pilot Lt. (J. g.) Earl B. Crawford, Stamford, Texas, "until Klondike waved his hands and disappeared into the crash-diving submarine.”
LT. KARL B. CRAWFORD
Allies Advancing On Front in India
, ***&» Wornmm - . .
aT " *r rn rn ■ rn
THE PRICE OF WAR—Pie. Earl H. Brantail of Fort Alkin-son. Wise., covers two of his buddies who were killed by (*er-
LONDON, April 22.—(UP)
—Moscow dispatches and Berlin broadcasts hinted broadly today that the invasion of western Europe might be coordinated with a full scale Russian offensive in line with the pattern of concentric assault on Germany as laid out at the Teheran conference.
toited Press (orrespondent Il-rrison Salisbury reported a ‘Riling of anticipation of great events” in Moscow iii iAnnection with an expected Red arni) siring offensive Ilia dispatch dealing with German rounter-altacks in pre-war Poland said:
“With millioas of Allied troops, - , , , .... ,
poised in the West and the Allied man machinegun fire during an attack by the Allied tilth
air offensive on the crescendo, Gel- Army infantrymen on enemy positions in the Anzio beachman invasion jitters over the pros- hea(i area jn jta|y (AI. Wirephoto from Signal Corps).
pects of a coordinated attack as promised at Teheran reached a point where the commanders in such sectors as Stanislawow are pouring in men and machines In an effort to reduce two and three-way pressure.”
The German radio broadcast a dispatch of the Voelkischer Bea-bachter, Nazi party organ, which said:
“Should an invasion be attempted this spring or summer, and should it come possibly at the same time the Soviets rener their attacks, then forces would meet armed as never before in history and battles would rage with a fury never known in history.’’
Four Waves of U. S. Planes Pelt Europe
LONDON, April 22.—(UP)—Four big waves of American heavy, medium and light bombers swarmed over Europe today for the sixth straight day of a record assault by an estimated total of 15,000 planes in what is described as the first phase of the opening of the western front.
Heavy bombers of the United States Eighth air force, idle yesterday because of bad weather, went back into action in substantial force. Marauder mediums and Havoc assault bombers also were out in strength, hammering northern France.
Hundreds of planes formed a virtually unbroken procession across the channel beginning at dawn, and all signs indicated that the daylight operations were on a large scale.
Coastal observers said the roar over the Straits of Dover was almost constant as bombers and fighters shuttled through the skies. Among them were heavyweights flying so,-
Patton to Lead Invasion Force
Russians Mass for Sevastopol Assault
SOUTHEAST ASIA H E A D-QURTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, April 22 —(ZP)—Allied headquarters today declared Its forces were prepared to meet any Japanese threat in the Imphal and Kohima areas of eastern India where infantry and tanks continued to push outward from the Manipur plain and that the “situation continues to develop favorably.”
There was no further report of Japanese activities in the Kohima area, where enemy reinforcements were reported yes-
Young Man’s War
A sailor with two major battles to his credit was up against a brick wall this morning. He couldn't get a marriage license because he was only 18 years old.
Now he must write his parents in another town for their consent—while h i s furlough wastes away—or wait until he is 21.
(A Domei broadcast from Tokyo declared Japanese forces had stormed and taken Moirang, 24 miles south of Imphal on the west shore of Loktak lake, on April 18, describing the village as a “strategic enemy bastion which guarded the southern gateway into the Imphal basin.”
Dive bombers aiding the Allied cleanup campaign northeast of Imphal where the British, at last report, had pushed enemy back to a point 30 or 35 miles from the town, were reporting inflicting heavy losses on the Japanese.
At Bishenpur, on the road lead-
Other possible signs of a concerted offensive were the reported inspection of Black sea naval facilities by German Admiral Karl
Doenitz and Nazi hints that they
feared Italy would be used ai a corre5pondent wrote, and are
base for a major arm of the Allied I |„.p pMe .....
MOSCOW, April 22—i/P)—Russia's Crimean armies and the Red fleet have massed ai Sevastopol "to fling *jv evirmy into the sea," Red Fleet Correspondent Lt. Dimitri Nikolaev reported today as Soviet forces tightened their siege of the great naval base.
The Russians have captured hills dominating the city’s approaches.
The spurt of invasion rumors and propaganda feelers included speculation by the Madrid newspaper Arriba that the Allies would land on the continent "between IO p. rn. of the 22d and 8 a. rn. of the 30th,” pointing out that Allied landings heretofore have been made “during the phase of the new moon.’
Salisbury said the feeling of anticipation of “great events” in Moscow was not communicated to the Russian people by the press and to the average Russian the western invasion "is going to come as a thunderous surprise.”
“The Allied air offensive is re-
after another despite German long-range guns and strafing and bombing attacks by the enemy’s air forces which
ins westward from the plain to ported routinely,” his dispatch said Silchar, Imph&l’s nearest rail head, further Japanese attacks were repulsed, the communique said. This railroad runs from Calcutta northeast to Assam and pumps the lifeblood into Lt. Gen Joseph W. Stilwell^ North Burma offensive and the 14th air force activities of Maj.
Gen. Claire L. Chennault in China.
Stilwell* Chinese were still advancing slowly southward toward the rail town of Mogaung in an effort to cut off Myit-k.villa, chief Japanese base in northern Burma and a control point on the projected I.edo road to China.
Road Planting Plan Endorsed
AUSTIN. April 22—(UP) — The state highway commission today endorsed a plan by the advisory committee of the Texas Roadside Development program to beautify
the state with flowers and plants
, , . . i to honor men lost in service and
••The populate Is not engaged In retarninE after the war.
studying charts of the channel tides j ,ni(, pl>n wai explained recently
nor phases of the moon.
a a *
Fuehrer Warns Of Bloody Fight
STOCKHOLM, April 22.-(flV Adolf Hitler’s newspaper, Voelkisch-. , ,
er Bechatter, bluntly warned the Uke.
to the commission by Mrs. Jud Collier of Mumford and Mrs. Frank W. Sorrell of San Antonio, both officials of the program.
It calls for selection of a hardy tree or shrub by each county, with the aim of every citizen planting that selection by his home.
Mrs. Collier explained that one county might select a redbud. It would be planted in every yard—
have put down a “screen of fire” In the mountains.
In thi southeastern section vt old Poland, today’s communique said Red army artillerymen, pouring a hurricane of fire into charging masses of German tanks and infantry, again threw bark powerful German thrusts as the battle raging east of Stanislawow spread through the Carpathian foothills.
In fierce fighting that also repeatedly took the shape of hand-to-hand enounters, the Germans lost 1,500 In killed alone on the third day of the battle yesterday and anti-tank gunners destroyed 68 tanks In beating back panzer assaults, the bulletin declared.
• a a
A front dispatch said the Germans, using the flooded Prut and Dnestr rivers to guaid their flanks, had thrown a great weight of men and machines down the intervening valley in a drive apparently aimed at relieving Soviet pressure on Lwow.
(A Berlin broadcast, possibly providing a clue to the current German attacks, asserted that huge Red army reserves were flowing through the Ukraine Into a 250-mile sector of the Polish front between the upper Dnestr and the Pripyat marshes in prelude to fresh Russian assaults along the most direct invasion route to Berlin.
<A Berlin dispatch to a Swedish newspaper said Marshal Fritz Erie von Mannitein had been replaced as commander In the Carpathian .sector by Gen. Modi, comparative-
German homefront today that it
will be confronted this summer or The Chinese 38th division was even this spring by the hardest
operating east of the Mogaung riv- and bloodiest battles of history,
er and the Chinese 22nd division; Picturing the probability of a
to the west of tne river.
western invasion launched simulta neouslv with a new Russian of fen
magonlia, azalea, dogwood, live oak wisteria or “any of the hundred other beautiful indignous plants or trees that Texas has to offer," Mrs. Collier said.
Counties were urged to make se-
high they were not visible and could be Identified only by the throb of their motors.
“Everywhere one looked It was planes, planes, planes,”
one southeast coast reporter
Swarms of fighters performed escort duty, flying above, below and around the bombers.
Twin-engined RAF Mosquitos
struck at Cologne, Germany’s third city and one of the main railway bottlenecks east of the channel coast, before dawn today, bringing the tonnage dropped in the first five days of the greatest air offensive in history to well over the 17,-000 mark.
The Air ministry announced that the Thunderbolt attack lasted only IO minutes between 4 and 5 a. rn. (9 and IO p. m Friday CWT) with many two-ton block-busters among the bombs dropped on the Rhineland city.
Returning crews reported a “huge explosion” in the target area, indicating “something really big" had been hit.
The speedy plywood bombers were guided to their targets by the glow of fires still burning in Cologne’s railway yards from a 1,770-ton British attack the previous night, when the RAF dropped a record total of 5,040 tons of explosives on four of the principal railway centers supplying the invasion coast.
Otlier RAF planes laid “many mines’ in enemy waters, the air ministry announced; all planes returned safely from the night's operations.
While British-based air Armadas intensified their campaign to soften western Europe for Invasion, American heavy bo'Jibers front Italy continued to support the Russian army with attacks on railway yards in Bucharest and Turnu Severed in Romania.
The Liberators attacked through clouds, aetting rolling stock afire and ripping up tracks at two of the main junctions serving the Germans on the northern Romanian front The raid was the second within a week on Turnu-Severin, which lies 20 miles southeast of the Iron Gate in southwestern Romania.
Nearly IOO German planes intercepted the raiders, but they and their escort shot down 35 of them at a total loss of eight bombers and five fighters.
The official German DNB news agency said the raid devastated ‘densely populated
LONDON. April 22—-(UP)—Lt. Gen. George S. (Blood and Guts) Patton, whose main aim is to whip Adolf Hitler and kill a lot of Germans, was in the fighting zonea again today, this time the European theater where the Allies were massing for the final blow at Nasi Germany.
The swashbuckling, pistol-packing general, who almost ruined his military career by slapping a sick soldier, was in this theater because Allied leaders know he is a dashing combat soldier,
While it was not determined if Patton had he*n given romano of an invasion farce, the Daily Express carried a headline: “Patton Here for Second Front,"
Arrival of Patton in the European zone was the first word of his whereabouts since March when It WRI announced he had left the Seventh army to take over command of “another Army.” lr the new field. Patton may get the opportunity to fulfill another ambition—-to show millions of Americans who condemned him last f,*»l that he is big enough to live down his mistake.
There was one unknown factor in the situation, however, and that was how willing the troops will be to accept his leadership after the controversy that followed his slapping of a sick, bed-ridden soldier of his Seventh Army in Sicily.
Russians Pleased By Supply Volume
MOSCOW. April 22—(ZP)—U. S. Ambassador W. Averell Harriman, back in Moscow after his first tour of the Soviet union, said that everywhere "everyone expressed appreciation for the direct assistance of the United fatales and for the volume of supplies xx”
He said that in Murmansk British and American ships were unloading 24 hours daily and that “the records show the speed of discharge has constantly improved.”
Showers, Wind Bring Lower Temperatures
Charges of Robbery Filed Against Youth
sive, the newspaper indrectly hinted ;pctions nOW 80 ,hat Planting may I charges 0f robbery with firearms
... . .... rr/lf HW ti AV* ... . . . ...
that new territorial losses might be expected with this answer as to how the German command will meet another Soviet offensive: “There are territories which can be given up even if it should hurt, A trace of rain and shifting winds ! but there are others which must be brought dropping temperatures to held at any price."
Abilene Saturday morning, after “This summer may be the last the Vear’s high of 95 degrees was j bloody war summer," It said, registered Friday.
get under way Other advisory board members nre W. R. Ely of Abilene, Mrs. I. B. McFarland of Houston and Dean Gibb Gilchrist of Texas A. & M. college. Jac L. Gubbels of the highway department is consultant.
Temperatures were not expected to exceed 85 today, according to a report from the local weather bureau. Partly cloudy with little change in temperatures Sunday.
Yesterday, mercury reading came within four degrees of a 13-year high for the first four months of the year. Temperatures climbed to 99 degrees April 25, 1943.
(Bjorn Bjornson, NBG reporter in Stockholm, br adcast a prediction today that the Allied invasion will come some time before the fin of May. This prediction, he said, is being widely circulated in the Swedish capital on the basis of these factors:
(I That the period of the greatest tides will occur within the next IO days, and these tide would facilitate Allied landing operations.
Texas Pair Killed In Bomber Crash
SANTA MARIA, Cal,, April 22 UP'—Two Texans were dead to-do v as a result of a crash of an Army bomber in tile Los Padies notional forest between Santa Maria and Santa Barbara on January 29, Santa Maria army air field officials, announced.
The Texans were among the ten officers and enlisted men killed In the crash. The Texas victims were
ly unknown. The dispatch gave no t The bombers
indication as to where von Maim- trices in Bucnwesu
stein had been shifted. also dropped «Jn« *
__■■ I on which traffic already hat! oeen
halted because of the danger to shipping, the clandestine radio Atlantic reported. ■>
3 Westexans Given Navigators' Wings
SAN MARCOS, April 22— (UP) — jfu Texans were commissioned as .second lieutenants in the Army Air Forces and two were appointed flight officers here today when San Marcos army air field graduated its sixth class of aerial navigators of the year.
Among those receiving their wings 42d | were: 2nd Lt. Wallace, Big Spring; 2nd Lt. Joe F. Tarpley, Merkel; and
Voice of Anzio On Air Sunday
were filed against Charles W Stay ton, 16. In county court today after he had signed a statement admitting his participation in the robbery of a Merkel service station, April ll.
His trial in juvenile court is scheduled for Thursday.
Two other boys, John Monroe Stroope, 20, and Walter Lep Matthews, 19, who signed confessions yesterday, will appear before district court grand jury next week
ON THE ANZIO BEACHHEAD IN ITALY, April 22—(VP)—Anay radio station JJRP, voice of th* beachhead, will go on the air tomorrow 18 a. rn. Abilene war time! with a full-fledged special program to carn the v< ices of some of the troops he re to the folks back home.
The broadcast will include soldier interviews and spot news reports. All major American networks will participate.
All three are from Abilene, were arrested in Globe, Ariz.
Robert N. Faver, Sweet-
yet. Clarence Jones, AAA executive officer, declared yesterday.
WHERE JAPS OPEN NEW DRIVE IN CHINA-Arrows indicate Japanese drives at Chenghsien4 a junction on the Peip-Ang-Hankow rail route linking northern and central China.
Japanese, based at Kaifeng and Chungmow, are attempting Pocfnnnorl
to wrest control of the route from the Chinese, who hold a Vjame rosrponea
The grain crop, County Agent Elmo Cook said, would live only a "‘‘^There"has""'been’~ a" liuT in 12nd Lt- che,t ter L. Harvey, whose few days without moisture. Al j ground fighting, while the Russians ! ^ Selma, lives at Wichita Falls, though pasture grass is not suffer- |mass their forces along the eastern ind 2nd Lt. Harold I Owen, whose ing badly, a heavy rain now would front^ and the Allles> reportedly, | father, Clyde, lives at Graham, Tex. bring on new spring shoots, he rnove reinforcements onto the Anzio said. ; beachhead.
Stock tanks are badly in need of j-
water but there Is no real shortage
Turkey Crop Frozen
'Stand With Allies'
DALLAS, April 22-0’) - Tile marketing of the spring turkey hen crop in Texas, Oklahoma and several other states has been frozen
section of it from Chenghsien southward toward Sinyang, a japanese base.(AP Wirephoto)
St. Louis at Chicago (National) postponed, wet grounds.
GOLDSBORO. N. C., April 22 -,/p,_~Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn, terming criticism of any; by the War Food administration of country’s Allies at this time j in til the Army obtains 8.800,000 as disloyalty, says “we’ve got to pounds, says L. J. Cappleman, regi-stand with them to assure victory.” j onal WFA distribution director.
ALLIED ARTILLERY GIVES HITLER PROPER SALUTE'
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, April 22—(ZP)—'The Germans •«' stepped up their shelling of the Anzio beachhead yesterday and also threw 37 planes into four raids against the harbor area as Allied partols made j forays on all fronts in Italy.
Beachhead anti-aircraft batteries downed five of the raiders and three more wer** sent crashing by Spitfi»es on patrol.
The Nazis introduced a short-lived new wrinkle on the Adriatic front, erecting a large notice board with a sign: "Britons, salute our
fuehrer.” An Allied artillery “salute" demolished the sign.
In rubbled Cassino a German patrol attempting to occupy Hie ruins Su„ of a house was driven back by Allied troops.
I S. DKPARTMt X •' Or < OWMERCB \\ I VI HIK HI Kl VI ABILENE arid Vomit) Partly cloudy and cooler today and tonight cloudy with little change in tempeiature
eyasT TENAS Cloudy with thundershowers this afternoon arui in cast ppr-tonight Cooler west portion this afternoon Cooler tonight Considerably in the interior Sunday partly cmud. Cooler in the east and central
^WRST ^ TEX AS Partly cloudy and cooler this anc moon and tonight. Sun-day parti) cloudy and continued cool.
Fresh to strong winda this afternoon
^Maximum temperature* pa*t 24 houri: ^Minimum temperature* past 12 hour*:
Sal Sri Frt-Sat A M Hour P.M.
72 SO— I— 86 66
71 87— a— 'ai n
73 66— 3— 91 76
72 63— 4— LH 74
71 64— 5— DI 72
71 SS— 6— 66 69
72 62 — 7— 84 64
73 66— 8 - 79 RS
76 72 — 9— 77 63
71 7fi—IO— 75 65
73 80—11— 74 m — S3 12— 73
............... 8 13