Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 19, 1954, Abilene, Texas
FAIR AND WARMWift 0liilnte"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 307
Associati Prest (AP)
ABILENE TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 19. 1954—TWELVE PAGES
PRICE DAILY 5c. SUNDAY lOc
HEAVY HANGS THE CROWN—This king business is no joke—at least not to Billy Boltz, king of a baby show in Victoria, Tex., who is sobbing at the attention and trouble. He doesn’t mind letting his feelings be known. Like many women, Donna Fox, the queen, finds that a male in distress is funny. The chortling queen appears to like the attention and fancy clothes. ___
Move May Kill Revision of T-H
WASHINGTON, April 18 (I^A move to return to committee a Senate bill to revise the Taft-Hart-ley Labor law reportedly was winning support today among Senate Democratic leaders.
The move, which if successful would all but kUl the bill’s chances at th»< session, is being pushed by Democratic members of the Senate Labor Committee.
They are preparing a minority report describing the mea.sure as “superficial” in all but one or two respects and asking that it be sent back for further study. The report also criticizes the committee’s handling of the bill, which closely follows President Eisenhower’s recommendations. __
Sen. Knowland (R-CalifL GOP floor leader, has scheduled start of debate on Taft-Hartley revision for April 26. „ r.. *
The minority report, still subject to possible change, was made available to a reporter. It assails Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ), committee chairman, and the six other committee Republicans for adopting a “rubber stamp” revision bill which “ruled out of order all ... . amendments” not
specifically asked by Eisenhower.
The report charged that Smith refused to risk the outcome of a committee vote on an amendment which would compel a strike ballot of employes whenever a labor dispute enters the strike stage. At least two Republican committee members were known to be opposed to this provision, asked by Eisenhower.
The minority report charged that instead of allowing the strike-bal-lot recommendation to come to a vote. Smith “elected to resort to the highly undesirable practice of urging the adoption of his unconsidered amendment after the bill comes to the Senate floor.”
Senate Democratic leaders, headed by Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas, were reported about ready to give all out support to the attempt to send the bill back to committee.
Even if the Senate did adopt a revision bill, the likelihood for final congressional action was considered remote at this time. A companion revision bill has been stalled two weeks in the House Labor Committee with reports It may die there.
West Texas Jersey Show Opens Today
Fifty-two head of some of the best Jerseys in West Texas and New Mexico were bedded dowm in the barns at Fair Park Sunday night.
More were expected to ai.ive before the official opening of the West Texas Spring Jersey Show at 9 a.m. Monday.
Among the earlier out-of-towm arrivals were 10 head from the Halo Jersey Farms. Elida, N. M.. owned by Harding Burris; 10 head from the Sellers Brothers Jersey Farms, Ralls.
Abilene Christian College had 10 head from its herd at the College Farm.
Marlin Jersey Farm, Trickham, has three entries in the stalls.
Early arriving junior exhibitors included Clifford Eoff, Hamlin, three head; Murl Don Smith, Hamlin. two; Dell Rogers, Stamford, one; Jimmy Rose, Abilene, Taylor County 4-H Club, one; Douglas Pyrburn. Roby, two; Ronald Townsend, Blanket, one; and Joy and Son, Abilene, seven.
There are 16 4-H and FFA judging teams entered In the dairy cattle judging contests, which begin at 9 a.m. Monday.
Evans Reese, Waco .Jersey breeder, was one of the early arriving officials of the Texas Jersey Cattle Club who wull be here Monday for a meeting of directors of the club. Reese is treasurer of the Texas Jersey organization.
The Jersey show banquet will be held Monday night at 7:45 at the Chicken Shack banquet room. It was previously reported that the banquet was to be held Sunday.
Senator Demands Ike Clarify Nixon Speech
Wiretap Bill Faces Senate Opposition
WASHINGTON, April 18 (^Administration efforts to win Senate approval of legislation permitting the use of evidence obtained by wiretapping in the prosecution of spies and saboteurs will collide this week with a counter-proposal by Sen. McCarran (D-Nev).
McCarran, top ranking Democrat on the Senate -iudiciai-y Com-mittee. has offered a bill laying down a general prohibition against wiretapping, with certain limited exceptions in Internal security
This bill, which McCarran calls *‘a new approach to the wiretap problem.” will be among measures considered by a judiciary subcommittee when it .starts public hearings Tuesday.
Atty. Gen. Brownell, the lead-off witness, w’as rebuffed by the House in his plea for authority to present wiretapped evidence obtained at hi.s direction in the trial of national security cases.
Instead, the House passed a bill which would require the attorney general to obtain a federal court order before he could permit wires to be tapped for gathering formal evidence against suspected spies, •aboteurs or other subversives.
Brownell opposed this on the ■round it might cost valuable time in some Investigations, but sponsors argued it was a necessary aafeguard against abuses.
The. House did agree, however, to a retroactive feature urged by Brownell under which wiretap evidence already In FBI files, even though obtainc'd without court approval, could be used in future
prosecutions, . , , j
These conceivably could include the case of Judith Coplin. ex-gov-ernment girl accused of passing U. S. secrets to a Russian agent. She was convicted twice but the government was unable to make the convictions stick on appeal because, among other things. It was brought out that her telephone had been tapped.
Brownell has refused to say whether he planned to move for a rttrlal of the Coplin case if the
wiretap bill goes through.
No bill embodying Brownell’s recommendations has been introduced In the Senate, where strong opposition to wiretap legislation has been evident In the past.
Sweetwater Junior High Teacher Dies
SWEETWATER, April 18. (RNS) —Herman D. Reed, 56, Sweetwater Junior High School teacher, died of a heart attack at 1:30 a. m. Sunday in Sanger.
Mr. Reed was in Sanger visiting his mother. Mrs. George W. Reed.
He was bom Jan. 23. 1898, in Sanger and was married at Abilene in 1935 to the former Edna Gordon.
Survivors besides the widow and mother are five sisters, Mrs. Fred Cobb of Denton, Mrs. Raymond Thompson of Jacksboro, llrs. M. H. Rose of Fort Worth. Mrs. Seth Garrison of Odessa, and Mrs. Jimmy Lockett of Waco; and a brother, Ben Reed of St. Petersburg. Fla.
Funeral will be held at 2 p.m. Monday In the First Methodist Church. The Rev. W. E. Peterson, pastor, will officiate. Burial in Sweetwater Cemetery will be under direction of Patterson Funeral Home.
Pallbearers will be Fred W’il-liams, Alex Edwards, E. F. Nei-nest, Preston Lee, Leo Nunn, John Majors, Lee Dalby, and Bill Jamison.
AFRICAN ROUNDUP—Dwarfed by his impressively armed captors, a native of British Kenya squats on the ground as British Patrol Leader Norman Hewitson looks over the homemade rubber band gun taken from the captive. Native members of the home guard, armed with guns and knives, keep an eye on proceedings. The incident occurred during a roundup of Mau Mau suspects following breakdown of peace negotiations between the British authorities in the African colony and the native terrorists.
'Oppenheimer No Security Risk/ Former Boss Soys
Indochina Policy Answers Sought
WASHINGTON, April 18 (API—Sen. Gore (D-Tenn.) demanded today President Eisenhower say publicly whether Vice President Nixon was laying down administration policy in envisioning the possible use of American ground troops in Indochina.
Gore’s demand was made in the midst of a rising congressional controversy over the possibility of direct United States involvement in the struggle of French and Indochinese anticommunist forces against the Vietminh Reds.
The state Department called this
ISTANBUL. Turkey, April 18 m —Dr. Arthur H. Compton, the scientist who hired .T. Robert Oppenheimer to direct the making of the first atomic bomb, said today he believed one of Oppenheimer’s qualifications for the job was the
persons who will give It fair and competent judgment.”
It was announced in W’ashington April 13 that, by order of President Elsenhower, Oppenheimer has been barred from all access to secret data—and suspended as one
fact he was so “innocent” about ¡of the nation’s foremost atomic de
Labor Department Group Designated
WASHINGTON Lfl — Secretary James P. Mitchell yesterday announced a five-man group to help him reorganize the Labor Department “to Improve the operation and coordination of department ac-Uvltles.”
Compton told a reporter. *T considered his acquaintance with communism, and his rejection of it as a result of that acquaintance, was a factor in favor of his reliability.”
Compton said he made a careful personal Investigation of Oppenheimer before engaging him to head the A-bomb’s development program in April, 1942.
“I satisfied myself completely that Oppenheimer was reliable and no security risk and have had no reason since to change my views,” he said.
Compton said Oppenheimer’s team of scientists uncovered the theoretical possibilities of the hydrogen bomb only four months after he took up the atomic task “and Oppenheimer advised me of it immediately.”
Compton was interviewed at Istanbul’s Park Hotel.
He is on a world lecture tour for the Ford Foundation.
Compton said he believes Oppenheimer’s case, under consideration of the Atomic Energy Commission Board, “Is in the hands of
fense advisers—pending a check of 16 FBI-gathered charges against him.
Compton said Oppenheimer’s postw’ar arguments against H-bomb development w'ere based on moral grounds.
-He did not want the United States to make such a vastly destructive weapon because * of the death and suffering to many people, nor did he want people to suspect the United States contemplated Its u.se,” he said.
“It’s an argument that any persons sensitive to human reaction must respect.”
He said today tlie major reason he selected Oppenheimer for the A-bomb work was because of his “outstanding qualifications for the job.”
South Korea Joins Geneva Conference
Pope Pius Appeals for World Bon on Atom, H-Weopons
VATICAN CITY. April 18 Pope Pius XII appealed in an Easter broadcast today for an international ban on using atom and hydrogen bombs except for self-defense.
The head of the Roman Catholic Church said he w'ould try tirelessly to bring about such a ban by international agreement.
He pleaded for the nations to return to the Christian rule of universal charity to aKaIn peace.
Broadcasting from the privacy of his Vatican apartment, the Pope told the world in a 10-minute speech that new “destructive arms of unprecedented violence” had brought “the fear of a third world conflict and a dreadful future” to the people.
Urges Peace Purposes He urged the lulers of nations to turn their new knowledge of atomic energy “exclusively to the purposes of peace.”
The Pope lumped with A-bombs and H-bombs other mass destruction threats such as germ and chemical warfare.
After his broadcast. Pope Pius appeared on the glassed-in central gallery of St. Peter’s basilica and pronounced upon a throng of more than 300.000 pilgrims and tourists his “Urbl et Orbi” blessing—to the city of Rome and to the world.
'The Pope referred briefly to the abdominal ailment which had curbed his activity since Jan. 25.
“I give thanks to divine providence to be with you again this
POPE PIUS XII . .. makes peace plea
Easter”, the pontiff said.
He recalled that as long ago as 1943 be had said atomic weapons were capable of bringing about “a dangerous catastrophe for our entire planet.”
Renewing his statement of fears that atomic destruction could pollute areas distant from the actual nuclear explo.sions and result in total extermination of all life, the pppt said:
“Thus before the eyes of a terrified world there Is presented a preview of gigantic destruction, of extensive territories rendered uninhabitable or unfit for human use, over and above the biological consequences that can result, either by the changes brought about by germs and microorganisms, or trough the uncertain effect which a prolonged radioactive stimulus can have upon greater organisms, including man and upon their future offspring.”
Humans Could Suffer He said human genes could suffer changes that would alter man’s course and result in deviations that caused “transmittable diseases and monstrosities.”
“For our part, we will tirelessly endeavor to bring about by international agreements — always in ' subordination to the principle of legitimate self-defense ... — the I efficacious proscription and ban-’ ishment of atomic, biological and * chemical warfare.” he said.
“At the same time we ask: For how long will men insist on turiv ing their backs on the salutary light of The Resurrection, seeking security instead in the deadly blasts of new- weapons of war? . . .
“When will the rulers of the nations realize that j>eace cannot consist in an exasperating and costly relationship of reciprocal terror, but in the Christian rule of unl-versai charity? . . .
“When will It come about that
St# POPE, Pagt 9, Col 1
NEW YORK, April 18 OPU-The Republic of South Korea, which previously had balked at joining in the Geneva conference beginning next Monday, decided today to go along with the talks.
You Chan Yang, the Korean ambassador to the United States, told The Associated Press his nation would take part in the conference “with many misgivings” after being assured that:
Easter Turns Out Quiet, Safe Day
As a whole Abilenians and area residents were pretty well behaved on Easter Sunday.
The usual run of drunks, and a not unusual number of minor wrecks were reported in Abilene.
About the only thing marring the day’s tranquility was reported theft of a car belonging to J. G. Johns, 4233 Grape St. That occurred Saturday night, however.
Activity on area highways was brisk but uneventful, the HIghw'ay Patrol reported. No major accidents had been investigated by the patrol through 9 p.m. Sunday.
V. 8. DEPARTME.NT OE CO.MMERCE WEATHER Bl'REAlJ ABILENE; AND VICTNirY — E»lr to partly cloudy today and Tuesday. Continued warm. Hifh both day» 85-80. The low Monday night near 00.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Generally fair and warm Monday and Tuesday, WEST TEXAS: Generally fair Monday and Tuesday, turning cooler In the north portion of the Panhandle Monday; Wiarnty-er In the north portion Tuesday.
TEMPKRATrKES Sun A M. Sun, P M
«3 ............ 1 30 ,.. 82
63 .............3 30 ............ 85
61 ............ 3:30 ............ 87
81 ............ 4 30 ............ 87
60 ............ 6:30 ....... 17
60 ............ 6 30 ............ 85
«3 ............ 7.30 ............ 78
64 ............ 8:30 ............ 73
68 ............ • 30 ...... 73
71 ............ 10 30 ............
T5 ............ 11:30 ............
78 ......... 13:30 .......
High and low temperaturea for 34 hours ended at 6 30 p m ; 86 and 6«.
High and low temperatures aams date last year: 57 and 38 Sunset last night 7:10 P m. Sunrise today 6:06 a m. Sunaet tonight 7 11 p.m. Barometer reading at 8:30 p.m. 38.IM. Relative bumtdlty at 1:30 p.m. 41%.
1. The United States will aid in greatly increasing the Republic of Korea’s army.
2. A prime objective of the conference will be to reunite all of Korea and eliminate all Red Chinese troops from that countr>'.
Yang said the misgivings were based on unsuccessful past attempts to negotiate with Commu-ni.sts.
The assurance of U. S. aid in increasing the ROK army. Yang said, was contained in a message from President Ei.senhower which was delivered to President Syng-man Rhee in Korea yesterday.
The South Korean delegation, headed by Foreign Minister Dr. Y. T. Pyun, will start leaving tomorrow for Geneva, Yang said.
Ambassador Yang and Col. Ben Limb, South Korea’s ambassador to the U.N., will join the group In Geneva later.
Ambassador Yang said his government had been assured that a prime objective of the conference would be to reunite Korea and eliminate all Red Chinese troops from that country.
Before agreeing to go along with the talks, he said. South Korea had wanted to “clear away all ml.sunderstandings.’’
He said the “many misgivings” are still held because “We’ve had many, many talks with Communists and none of them has ever come to any good.”
There had been indications earlier that the announcement would be made shortly in Seoul.
possibility “highly unlikely” but supported Nixon’s statement that Southeast Asia must be saved from Communist rule.
Nixon Tells Editors
Nixon told the American Society of Newspaper Editors last Friday he doesn’t believe American combat units will ever be needed, hut In the unlikely event that the French should withdraw this country would have to .send in troops.
Although Nixon sits in with the National Security Council and was sent to the editors’ meeting as a substitute for Elsenhower, vacationing in Augu.sta. Ga., Gore said he doesn’t know with what authority the vice president spoke.
“The President is golfing in Georgia and the secretary of state is fishing at Duck Lsland while the vice president .speaks," Gore said. “The vice president has no constitutional responsibility in this matter and neither does he have the authority to speak on policy unless It is delegated to him.
“It Is Imperatively incumbent on the President to make his policies clear with respect to our possible further involvement in Indochina. The country desperately needs clarification and the Pre.sident Is the only one who can give It.”
James C. Hagerty, presidential press secretairy. declined comment on whether Nixon’s views expressed admlnlatration policy or whether the vice president spoke with prior White House approval.
The State Department said in a statement that Nixon was simply sketching a course of possible action he was “personally prepared to support” in the “highly unlikely” event the French should withdraw. It said he had “enunciated no new U.S. policy toward Indochina,”
Gore Not Satisfied
Gore said that did not satisfy him.
However. Gore said he wants to reserve judgment on the issue and would not necessarily oppo.se use of American troops in a last-ditch effort to save Indochina from the Communists.
“I am Inclined to support the President and the policies of the administration in this critical, tragic and dangerous situation,” he said. "But I want the constitutionally responsible officials to be forthright with Congress and the people before any such decision is made.”
Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) said in a separate Interview he favors sending U.S. combat forces into Indochina if this is found to be the only way of halting Communist expansion in Southeast Asia.
Conceding this to be an unpopular view at present, Flanders, a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said he is confident the public and the Congress will eventually reach the same opinion.
The Vermont .senator speculated that the administration had sent
Savage French Attack Drives Rebels Back
Se* SENATOR, Pg. 9, Col. 4
HANOI. Indochina, April 18 IB-French foot troops charged from Dlen Bien Phu with drawn bayonets today and drove Red-led Vietminh forces from trenches along the main airstrip barely 800 yards from the heart of the fortress.
The savage attack was aimed at easing pressure on the embattled garrison, which has been braced for another all-out Vietminh assault. Rebel units had been entrenched on the shell-pocked air strip nearly a week.
A French spokesman said the bayonet charge was preceded by a withering barrage of artillery and tank fire.
At the same time it was announced the rebels had gained a new foothold In the northwest corner of the bastion, but the spokesman said this was not regarded MS serious.
The rebels already hold an important French outpost to the northwest and have used it as a launching point for previous mass assaults.
To the northeast, French patrols, shielded by tanks, plugged new gaps created by Vietminh pressure against the barbed wire barricades.
The French war effort received another boost with disclosure today of the arrival of a batch of U. S. Corsair flghter-bombers in Indochina. It was the first time since the United States has undertaken large scale military aid to the French and Vietnamese that Corsairs have been delivered.
The Navy planes were delivered by U. S. Navy pilots to a French air base.
Meanwhile, the French opened a mass “psychological attack” on the Vietminh encamped in the hills surrounding the oval plain of Dien Bien Phu.
Squadrons of planes showered down nearly a million leaflets. They called on the Vietminh to surrender and “stop spilling your blood for Red China.”
In an Easter message to the tens of thousand.5 of Vietminh poised for a third attempt to overrun the fortress, the French told the rebels they could not win.
The documents, printed In Vietnamese, asserted that the “barbarous human wave tactics employed In attacking our position already has cost the Vietminh 25,000 killed, wounded or cap-'tured.”
New Unrest Stirs Egypt
Downtown Traffic Lights Go Berserk
Several downtown Abilene traffic .signals went berserk about 7:30 p.m. Sunday night. Their action puzzled motorists, police and city electricians alike, and caused the lights to be shut off at 9:20 p.m.
Trouble was that the traffic lights were remaining on green, amber and red at the same time one-half of the time.
A Fire Department spokesman said police decided the lights would be less hazardous not operating then flashing all colors at once.
The lights were on Pine, Cypress. Walnut, Hickory, Chestnut and Cedar Sts. on ttit North Sidt.
CAIRO. Egypt, AprU 18 (B-A British soldier and an Egyptian workman were killed today in scattered Incidents as new unrest stirred in the British - occupied Suez Canal zone. The violence followed an Egyptian Cabinet shake-up and emergence of Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser as Egypt’s strong man premier,
A British army spokesman said three Egyptians held up a British army vehicle at Port Said, killing the escort and making away with the driver and vehicle.
The spokesman said that later Egyptian police reported they had found a trace of the kidnaped driver and steps were being taken for his return.
Today’s attack was the second in two days against British servicemen In the usually quiet Port Said area. A British sergeant was stabbed in the chest and wounded Friday night in Port Fuad when a knife was thrown at him.
The spokesman ..Iso reported that earlier today a British sentry in the customs area at Port Said opened fire on an Egyptian workman who was trying to steal from ■ barge. Later the body of «n EgypUan waa found in the water
near the scene of the shooting.
Meantime, President Mohamed Naguib, who stepped out as premier but kept his presidential oost. swore in a new Cabinet. He joked happily with Nasser. Nasser was premier briefly once before and later vice premier.
A new Cabinet post was created —a minister of presidential affairs apparently empowered to keep a thumb on Naguib and prevent him from using his presidential office to threaten Nasser’s rule again.
The 35-year-old lieutenant colonel held the premiership a little more than 48 hours seven week* ago when the ruling Revolution Council suddenly deposed Naguib, charging he wanted to become a dictator.
But the array threatened to revolt. Naguib was reinstated to all his posts.
This tíme it looked as though Nasser, the real leader of the young army officers who dethroned Farouk in 19M. will have no trouble in holding on.
It was plainer than ever that the 53-year-old general was now little more than a figurehead and that the young, hard driving Nasser was undisputed host Egypt’s military regime.