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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 18, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor $16,726,255.25 ^fpril Quota    $    231,700.00 April Sales $    83,261.25 the Abilene Reporter™B WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE'] CH YOUR    EXACTLY    AS    IT    GOES"-Bvron rOL. LXIII, NO. 307. A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 18, 1944 -TEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTSKNOX PLEDGES KU RI LE INVASION In Strength' 0 See Photo at Right WASHINGTON, April 18.— (UP)—The whereabouts of defendant No. 30 remained a mystery today, threatening to •day the sedition trial of 29 other persons accused of conspiring to undermine the morale of the armed forces and to establish Nazism in the «nited States. Defendant No. 30 — Edward James Smythe of New A ork City—failed to appear in federal district court yesterday when Judge Edward E. Etcher • called the defendants up to enter their pleas in the biggest sedition trial of the war. Smythe’s attorney, James J. Laughlin, said all he knew of his client’s whereabouts was that "his address is a box number in New T’ork." The court revoked Smythe’s Shoot) bond and issued a warrant for his arrest. Government Prosecutor O. John Rogge may decide formally todRV whether to wait i ■■'*    ,    .    •    «•    ,    • Antu Smythe is found or to separ-    with    conspiracy    to    aid    in    setting    up    a    national    socialistic ate his trial from that of the other    form    of    government,    in    violation    of    the    peace-time    sedition WAR AI A GLANCE RED NETWORK’ AUTHOR ARRIVES FOR TRIAL—Mrs. Elizabeth Dining (left) of Chicago, author of “The Red Network.” arrives at federal district court at Washington, where with 28 men and one other woman she goes on trial, charged 29 defendants and proceed in the task of selecting a jury. * * * Twenty-four of the defendants entered pleas of “not guilty”. The ^ourt ordered similar pleas entered for five others who remained mute on advice of counsel. Laughlin argued that since the defendants were linked in a plot with Adolf Hitler, Joseph m Goebbels, Hermann Goering 9 and other Nazi leaders, the trial should be delayed until after the war so they could be called as witnesses. The court disagreed. Brunette Mrs. Elizabeth Dilling, X1 hic ago author of "The Reft Network,” made a face at Federal act. With her are her daughter, Jane, and her husband and attorney, Albert Dilling. She made a face at the judge when she pleaded innocent. (AP Wirephoto). Red Armies Close Gap at Sevastopol , MOSCOW, April 18-—(AP)—Two big Russian armies were reported Judge Ocher when she responded nearing a juncture in the outskirts of Sevastopol today for a final on-“not guilty.’’ Her ex-husband is siaught against a frenzied Axis garrison barricated in the streets after here to defend her. Her pert, darkhaired daughter sits on the sidelines. 0 Throneberry {owid Guilty STEAMBOAT SPRINGS, Colo., April 18.—(AP)—O. B. Throneberry, a hard-talking Texan who once broke ^iail to evade trial, faces a possible prison term of lo years to life for his conviction last night of second degree murder. Throneberry, 28, was found guilty by a district court jury which required less than two hours of deliberation following a one-day trial. Throneberry did not testify. He was charged with his brother, Randel, 26, now a fugitive, with robbing and trussing Ethelbert Purdy, recluse • sheepherder, last August. Purdy was found dead in his sheep wagon the day after the robbery. The ingeniously tied knots had tightened with his struggles. Throneberry and his younger ^brother escaped Rout! county jail last October, clouting Sheriff Ernest Todd with a table leg and using his car for their get-away. O. B was subsequently captured at West, Tex., and returned to the •Steamboat Springs jail. Earlier this month he slashed his arms, telling cellmates “this time when they take me out, they'll put me six under. He was impassive as the verdict was read. The court ordered him to reappear after five days for sentence. failing to effect a large scale evacuation from the burning city. (The Vichy radio, quoting a German report, said "the battle for Sevastopol has now commenced,” with very heavy fighting taking place In the fortified region of the town.) Front dispatches said that Gen. Andrei I. Yeremenko's independent maritime army was moving downhill on the city from the southeast after cracking a 2,200-foot mountain position known as Baidar gate in a drive that yesterday swept up a road junction 12 miles from Sevastopol and five miles from Balakava, scene of the famed “Charge of the Light Brigade.” This force, movmg through dense minefields, was expected to link up at any hour with Gen. Feodor I. Tol-bukhin’s Fourth Ukraine army, a1- j ready filtering through Sevastopol's j barricades from the north, the dispatches said. OPA Injunction Actions Lauded All reports from the front indicated that the German command has not been able to accomplish a Dunkerque scale evacuation, although in the last few days the trapped Axis troops tried to get out of the battered port on any kind of craft they could find, throwing caution to the wind as cannonading Russian guns echoed over the city and bombers raked the docks. The dispatches estimated thousands of Germans and Approval of handling of cases charging OPA violations by filing of motions by OPA attorneys for orders restraining offenders from further violation instead of seeking punishment was expressed by Judge T. Whitfield Davidson in United States I district court here today in remarks ; addressed to Frank Taylor, OPA j counsel. j "The court approves the method now being used in handling these OPA cases," said Judge Davidson. He drew a comparison between that rules and regulations issued by OPA Ro-, and traffic rules of a city. Those By the Associated Press An American air fleet “in great strength” of probably more than 2,000 planes attacked Berlin and other German cities today, touching off what the Nazis said were violent and prolonged sky battles. More than 750 of the invading aircraft were Fortresses and Liberators; the rest were Thunderbolt, Mustang and Lightning fighters seeking out the German air force for destruction before D-Day. With air power to spare, other Liberators blasted the Calais invasion coast of France. The renewed offensive from British bases broke a three-day lull during which Allied craft have carried on the fight in southeast Europe from Italian -fields. "When the American bombers approached the Berlin area their losses increased and a great many parachute landings were seen,” Berlin said. It asserted German fighter planes took off from dozens of airdromes along the route to engage the American formations “despite bad weather conditions, • * * RAF Mosquito bombers blasted Cologne last night. The Air ministry announced that one plane was lost during the night operations which also Included mine laying operations. Allies Continue Balkan Blasting ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples. April 8.—(AP)—Italy-based heavy and medium bombers continued the Allied pounding of German communications in the Balkans last night by attacking the railyard at Plovdiv, 85 miles southeast of the Bulgarian capital of Sofia, it was announced today. A communique said the night foray followed yesterday’s daylight blows by escorted heavy bombers against railway targets in Sofia and the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade, and against airdromes and aircraft factories in the Belgrade area. , Twenty-six German aircraft were destroyed during the day’s operations, the bulletin said. The Allied losses were two heavy bombers and eight fighters. Other air operations yesterday included medium and fighter-bomber sorties against rail lines and bridges northeast of Rome and similar targets Just beyond the battle lines across Italy. By The Associated Press INDIA—Allied forces score advances. ENGLAND— 2,000 American bombers hit Berlin, other objectives in Hitler's Europe. RUSSIA—Soviet armies near juncture in outskirts of Sevastopol. U. S.—Secretary of Navy Knox forecasts invasion of Japan's Kurile islands. Allies Score Fresh Gains Near Imphal Secretary Buttons Lip on Attack Date Bv the Associated Press Background story on page 3    N    Secretary Frank Knox frankly warned Japan to KANOY, Cey'o", April 18. wa(ch fQr an American invasion of the Kurile islands in the -(AP)-Alied forces carry N h p jfic bu( added in today's news conference that mg the fight to tho Japanese ,nobo(Jy knQWS when," Japanese bases in the Kuriles, including Matsuwa island less than 500 miles from the Nipponese mainland, have been bombed repeatedly during the last few weeks. Naval forces also have shelled the Kuriles.    t Knox’s contribution to the war of nerves countered Tokyo’s totally unconfirmed claim that Japan's oftensive into India has carried within one Allies Re-Gain Strongpoint on Front af Anzio ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, April 18—(ZP)—Allied    troops fought their way back yesterday into an outpost on the western flank of the Anzio beachhead and threw back a strong German raid north of Cassino after fierce hand-to-hand fighting, headquarters announced today. The beachhead troops took six prisoners in regaining the lost position about four miles from the coast. The Allies suffered some casualties in repulsing the raid on one of their forward positions in the Te-relle area, about four miles north of Cassino. Some of the German artillery harassing Allied troops In Cassino is located behind Terelle and the opposing armies watch each other warily in that rugged mountain sector. It was disclosed, meanwhile, that some Allied patrols had made deep penetrations west of Sangro river in the central sector of the front without contacting Germans. Showing intense suspicion of Allied activities in the lower Garig-liano river sector of the main front, the Germans laid more than 400 rounds of artillery fire and additional mortar fire on the Minturno area. On Sunday night they had thrown up flares to illuminate the landscape every 15 minutes. In devastated Cassino itself there was a normal exchange of fire and grenades. invaders northeast of the plain of Imphal have scored advances and still are ‘‘making satisfactory progress,” an Allied communique announced today. Presumably this offensive was directed against one of the three original strong columns of Japanese which invaded India last month, although the communique did not specifically give the location of the fighting. On the southern sector of the Imphal front Allied forces drove the Japanese out of one position near the track to Silohar. but the enemy counter-attacked and fighting still is going on, the communique added. In this area the infiltrating Japanese are striving for possession of the Bishenpur-Sil-char track, an alternative land route connecting with the Ameri-rcad, Allied lifeline to Burma-Chi-na operations. SOVIIT RUSSIA c Sea of ^j] Okhotsk Nsromushiro /if Pacific Ocean JAPAN ^-Atokyo Milt* 400 Sharp fighting broke out on the Kohima-Dimapur road northwest of Imphal where Allied troops, holding positions which the Japanese formerly had occupied, repulsed enemy counter-attacks, the communique declared. Here Allied forces are fighting to break up Japanese infiltrations along the main land route to the Bengal-Assam railroad. a •    • There was "no material damage" in the bitterly contested Kohima defense area. 60 miles due north of Imphal, the communique said. Chinese troops in north Burma ROCKY ROAD TO TOKYO —Japan s Kurile islands, within bombing range of Attn and the Marshalls, form a rocky, narrow path to Tokyo. Para-mushi ro is at northern end of chain. Grant on Filter Plant Accepted Offer of Federal Works agency for financial assistance in the ex and one-half miles of the vital Bengal-Assam railroad. Instead, Adm. Lord Louis Mountbatten’s headquarters reported successes in the Allies’ own offensive into Burma, told of Japanese defeats along the northern Burma supply system and disclosed that Allied troops nave scored advances and still are “making satisfactory progress.” t #    • Asked at a news conference in Washington whether it was likelj that the United States would attempt to take that island group in the north Pacific, he replied “sometime, sure, but nobody knowi when.” The discussion was prompted bj the increasing regularity of American bombing raids on Islands in the chain which extends from th! Japanese mainland north to th! Russian Kamchatka peninsular. Among the bases which have been struck frequently there there, particularly in the last five days, is Matsuwa, less than 500 miles from the mainland of Japan. Other bases frequently bombed from the air are Chimusu, Para-mushiro, northernmost of th* I group, and Onekotan. Ill Knox, discussing the war In th# continued their advance down the panbj0n 0f the city water filter pacific, said that the development! _    ^eir    jjj.4...    .... Myitkyina, main Japanese Mogaung valley in their driv^^ piant was unanimously accepted by have been confined to bombard- Myiwyma, maul    thp    dtv    commission    in    called    sea-    ment    of    the    KurUc.s    and contenu- torcln* an entry toto the Japanese the el connn.vuon    ra>lls    m    mmy po,,. strong point of Warazup, 25 miles northwest of Mogaung. Yanks Blast Port In Andaman Isles KANDY, Ceylon. April 18—(ZP)— Heavy bombers of the American 10th air force have pressed an attack against Japanese shipping at ion this morning Contract calls for an expenditure of $235,000. with government ald amounting to $155,617 and the city putting in the balance of $79,383. Motion to accept was made by Tom Bacon and seconded by W. E. Beasley. The proposed project is to be divided into two contracts, one manians were still stranded on the t that are good will be accepted and docks of Sevastopol while others,    those that are not eventually will be fighting a determined rearguard    dropped, he observed, action in the suburbs, were pouring    He did not approve drastic actions    morning,    marking    a    drop    of    45 de- machinegun fire on Red army en-    attempted in the early stages of    grees    from    the    high    reading    rec Temperature Drops 45 Degrees in Day Romania Reported In State of Chaos By United Press The British radio reported today that Romania "is in chaos with trains running only under cover of German machine guns or when manned by German crews and with sabotage, demonstrations and clashes between various armed forces occurring frequently The broadcast, recorded at the CBS short wave listening station said “SS troops shoot indiscriminately at rioters and at the troops of Premier Ion Antonescu.” Port Blair in the Andaman islands    care    of    pumps,    increasing off the coa4 of Burma, scoring near capacity of the present pump and misses on three motor vessels, Allied headquarters announced today. The attack was made April 15 and one enemy fighter was destroyed and two damaged in attempts at interception, a Southeast Asia communique said. Yesterday U. S. long-range fighters for the second time in three days attacked Heho airfield in central Burma in Daylight, destroying nine aircraft and damaging five. Although temperatures dropped to j a low of 40 degrees at 7 o’clock this Nazis Pin Hope' On FDR's Defeat adding a booster, enclosed in a , pump house; and the second in- j eluding additional improvements, j A resolution approving plans and , specifications for contract was. passed by the commission on a motion by Beasley, seconded by Tom I McWhirter. Templars Meet DALLAS, April 18.—((Pi—Knights ^Templars of Texas went into the "-econd of their two-day grand commandery conclave today. The Weather gineers clearing barbed wire and OPA against individuals and firms stone barricades as well as felled unless deceit was evident upon their trees and deep mined trenches part, he court added, barring the way into the city proper. Motions for injunctions restrain-Inside the city, the Axis troops mg several alleged violators of OPA were said to have thrown every- price regulations have been filed totting they could find into the day and yesterday by Counsel Tay- streets. U. S DEPT, or COMMERCE WEATHER BIRK At ABILENE AND VICINITY -Parttj cloudy and cooler today; slightly warmer Wednesday    I EAST TEXAS—Partly cloudy in north ! portion, mostly cloudy with scattered •hewers in extreme south portion this fternoon, partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday. Cooler today and in south and extreme east portions tonight Slightly warmer in west portion Wednesday. WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight, cooler in Del Rio-Eagle Pass area this afternoon. Not Wjuite so cool In Panhandle tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy and warmer. Toes-Mon Mon-Tues A. M. Hour P. M 51—63    I    78—63 48—62    2    78—66 46— 81    3    82—72 44-61    4    84 -74 44—60    5    84 -75 43—60    6    82 -74 42—59    7    79—72 41—63    8    72—60 43—65    9    55—CT 48-70    IO    60-66 49- 73    11    56—65 53—76    12    54—65 Suntise this morning; 7.07 Sunset tonight. 8:10 lor. Action on these wits passed to IO a. rn. Wednesday. Japs Attack Sinos CHUNGKING, April 18—(UP) — Heavy-reinforced Japanese troops crossed inundated regions along three routes to attack Chinese forces in the Chungmow sector of an eastern Honan province today in what may be the beginning of j the long-anticipated Japanese offensive in central China. orbed Monday afternoon, no freeze is predicted tonight, according to a report from the weather bureau. Cooler weather was forecast for tonight following rising temperatures during Tuesday. A year ago today the low read 17 Posts in New Badoglio Cabinet NAPLES, April 18.—(UP)—The new cabinet under Marshal Pietio Badoglio will consist of I” ministries, it was learned today, including three without portfolios which probably will be filled by Liberalist ing was 42, coldest recorded during Benedetto Croce, Count Carlo fcfor-last April.    I    za    and    Enrico    Dinicola,    president Cold air hit this vicinity around sundown last night with gradually falling temperatures during the night, remaining at the low a short time, weather bureau officials reported. High for yesterday was 85 around interior, probably with a Socialist the middle of the afternoon. I under-secretary. of the pre-Fascist chamber of deputies. While the ministerial list Is only partially settled, it was confirmed that Guilio Rodino, a Christian Democrat, will become minister O' LONDON, April 18—</P>—The London News Chronicle declared today that the Germans “are pinning their faith on the defeat of Mr. Roosevelt in tile November elections.” “If they can only hold the invaders and stave off a decisive defeat until Mr. Roosevelt has been turned out (which they seem to regard as a certainty),” the paper said, "then they calculate that his Republican successor will be less interested in prosecuting the war in Europe and so will be ready to talk peace. “Incidentally, Mr. Roosevelt might send Hitler a cable of gratitude for giving him the best election boost of the campaign," the News-Chronicle said, referring to this German belief. ThLs enlarged pumping system    rnnntn will enable the city to pump four | in the country million additional gallons of water daily from Fort Phantom hill lake to the city, it was pointed out by Mayor Will W. Hair. Approved also by the commission was a resolution fixing minimum wage scale on the project. McWhirter was authorized to begin work tomorrow on cleaning tile TAP drainage ditch which takes water from the underpass Bids on the filter project are ing lions cut off from supplies in th! eastern Marshalls, and the regulai bombings of the enemy bases in the Caroline island group including Truk and Ponape. Meanwhile, Rear Adm. Gen. F. Hussey Jr., chief of the bureau of ordnance, who was present at the secretary's conference, said that there were a number of secret weapons “in process" but he declined to discuss them in any way or say whether they would be used in the forthcoming second front invasion of Europe. Hussey said that the Navy ll now using rocket guns, especially on landing craft. He added that the Navy is pursuing further the use of rocket weapons with the help of the best scientific brain! 4-F Labor Draft Plan Abandoned WASHINGTON, April 18.—(AP'— The house military committee today to be opened May 5, Mayor Hair abandoned plans for special legis announced. Plans and preparations i lation to force 4-F’s into essential will be on file in the city engineers office in the City hall. Sherman Editor to Oppose Stevenson work through the threat of Induction into Army and Navy labor battalions. Chairman May (D-y) announced following an executive meeting that the committee had decided that government agencies such as Selective meeting that the committee AUSTIN, April 18-* UP) - Gov. had decided that government agen-Coke R. Stevenson of Texas had des such as Selective Service and an opponent for re-election today, the War Manpower commission ai-Numerous prospective candidacies ready had ample authority to re-have been announced but W. J. quire physically disqualified men to Minton, Sherman editor, was the move into essential jobs, first opponent to place the HOO The decision at least temporarily filing fee with Secretary Chas. E. throws into discard legislation which Simons of the state Democratic ex- was being prepared to put the 1.-ecutive committee to assume a place OOO,OOO 4-F’s now in nonessential on the Democratic party primary activities into war work. ballot. Divorce Granted Washington, Moscow Consulted— BRITAIN BOTTLES UP DIPLOMATS TO SHIELD INVASION FORT WORTH, April 18.—(ZP)— Mrs. Ruth Googins Roosevelt was LONDON, April 18—(^-Brit-granted a divorce here yesterday j ain today banned trips outside this from Col. Elliott Roosevelt, second country by diplomats of all neu- son of the President. WHERE REDS GAIN—Arrows locate latest Red army gains, with Russian forces in Crimea within two miles of Sevastopol after taking the stronghold of Yalta while other Soviet forces made new gains in the Tiraspol sector on the mainland. The Tiraspol action was aimed at breaking Chisinau-lasi defense line guarding approaches to Ga-lati. (AP Wirephoto). Subscribers will confer a favor on The Circulation Department by reporting missing any issues .... Please call before 9:30 in the mornings, and before 8 p. rn. in the evenings. Circulation office closes at 8 p. rn. Your call will be appreciated. The Number Is 7271 tral and Allied nations except the United States. Russia and the British commonwealth and made all their communications subject to full censorship. The action, latest in a series of steps taken to safeguard invasion information, was without precedent, but the foreign office announced that “military operations impending in the present year" made it imperative. Washington and Moscow were consulted in the move. The order in effect Immobilized the diplomats and their staffs, including air, military and naval attaches, within Britain's shores for the time being. None may go home. , “These restrictions will, of course, Diplomatic pouches, heretofore be removed at the earliest taxable inviolate, now will be opened and moment consistent with the re-alJ their contents put through the quiroments of security xxx. censorship mill. Not even in the A spokesman explained that First World war was such action such Allies as I hina, Brazil and taken. Coded telegrams ar'- banned. The regulations went into effect at midnight and will remain in force until further notice. others were made subject to the order because they are not immediately concerned with establishment of the western front. Previous Allied steps to keep ain and neutral countries. ; A Kern broadcast recorded last night by CBS quoted Germany military circles as saying the invasion "will not be long delayed." A German transmission heard by the U. ti. broadcast intellegience service suggested a leeway of six weeks. Maj, Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, national director of selective service, has recommended that the Army induct 4-F’s into labor battalions for assignment to essential industries. Secretary of War Stinson, however, has made clear that he does not want to do this without further specific legislation. _ Farm Labor Supply Dips Three Percent WASHINGTON, April 18—(AP> —Farmers will be straining at the seams even more than last year to produce the 1944 food crop—with less farm labor available to meet government requests for increased The British press applauded the ■ pr°du< 'ion government's action while empha- The Agriculture department re- rreviuua nmcu    j,      “T”\“        ;TI    nnrifd    today    that    the number of “Any inadvertent disclosure of | invasion information from leaking | siring that;Jt J^^no^r^^tgon lip-    worldng    pn    farms April 1 information which resulted in help- to the enemy included banning vis. on Hie diplomats themselves. 9.080.000 or about 3 percent ing the enemy or in unnecessary j Hoi s from an area IO miles deep \\e cannot af lord to urn > ie^e    —    fQr    tfae    samp    rfate    last loss of British or Allied lives might and 700 miles long on Englands the smallest risk, the Yorkshire, have such serious effects, not only! southern and eastern coasts, sus- Post declared. The london News.. .. upon the course of these (invasion) I pension of all except the most vital Chronicle said that while the u -operation* x x x that the govern- travel between England and Ire- ing might cause some hardship this ment has reluctantly felt bound to ! land, prohibition of all news con-j fact could not be avowed to adopt this unusual security mea- cerning convoy arrivals, and sus- weigh against the needs of Allied sure,” the foreign office said. I pension of air mail between Brit-1 security. Game Postponed AMERICAN; Cleveland at Chica* go; postponed, cold. ;