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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 16, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY, COOLER Wht ^failme l^eporter "'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH VOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES Byron MDRNING VOL. LXXIII, No. 304 Associated Press (AP) TbÏLËNËTtEXAS. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL iTj954-TWENTY-S1X PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c PRIVATE EASTER PARADE—Mr. and Mrs. James Castiglia pose in Washington with their seven daughters and one son, all dressed for a preview of their Easter parade attire. Castiglia, a one-time catcher with the Philadelphia Athletics and a former fullback with the Washington Redskins before he retired in 1948 to head a Wa.shington trucking firm, holds three-months-old Marian. Left to right are Mrs. Castiglia; Kathleen, 11; Susan, 10; Claire, 8; Mary Christine, 6; Frances, 4; Eileen, 3, and Jim Jr., 2.__ Quick Congressional Action Expected in Housing Frauds Oppenheimer Talked Fellow Scientist Says WASHINGTON. AprU 15 (if)—Legislation to permit the prosecution of alleged housing frauds dating back to 1949 was ticketed for quick action today as 1,149 corporations xvere reported to have received government-insured building loans that exceeded construction costs. The Internal Revenue Service, which reported finding this total In a search that started nearly a vear ago. said the surplus funds Were distributed to corporation owners. Housing and Home Finance Administrator Albert M. Cole has ■aid, however, that few criminal actions can be expected unless ••collusion” is proved apartment buifders and the Federal Home Administration. Cole said he didn’t believe it was a criminal offense if it was a case of “outguessing the ap- Sen^^^Wlllams <R-DcD announced he and 10 other senators were sponsoring a move to extend the three-year statute of limitations to five years. This is the law that requires prosecutions to be started within a specified time after the commission of the alleged crime. < President Eisenhower was reported ready to order income tax files opened to the Senate Banking Committee to help it run down any abuse of loans insured by the Federal Home Administration. _ Sen. Capehart (R-lnd), Banking Committee chairman, announced his group will start public hearings Monday and he said it will be •'very lucky and fortunate if tne many-sided investigation Is completed by the end of this year. Another congressional g r o u p planned to move openly into the field Tuesday. This is the .Senate-House Committee on Reduction of Nonessential Expenditures headed bv Sen. Byrd (D-Va), who said he has been looking into the situation for nearly a year and who declined to step aside for Capehart’s committee.    .    .    . In addition, separate inquiries were under way by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Internal Revenue Service, and the Housing and Home Finance Agency headed by Cole. The FHA, target of all these investigations, is under the jurisdiction of Cole’s agency. There are two main lines of inquiry: 1 That apartment house promoters and builders pocketed up to 75 million dollars in "windfall profits by getUng FHA-guaranteed loans far in excess of the actual cost of their projects. 2, That homeowners were bilked by high pressure repair and modernization salesmen who induced the owners to get FHA-insured loans and then gave them short-.shrift of shoddy work for the money. Sen. Maybank (D-SC), senior Democrat on the Banking Committee. said he had learned the FBI “has some information” on the home repair fleecings and that he planned to ask FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover for all the facts he has. It was in connection with these activities that President Eisenhower last Monday abruptly accepted the resignation of Guy T. O. Holly-riay as federal housing administrator. Cole said at the time that Holly-day was a “good Christian gentleman” but “did not act’’ against home loan racketeers. Today the Washington Evening Star said Cole wrote Hollyday a letter on Jan. 6 complimenting him on “the straightforward way you have gone after this problem.” Dulles Believes 10-Nalion Unily Group Taking Shape SYRACUSE. N. Y.. April 15 Secretary of State Dulles said today that unity among the 10 nations proposed as an alliance to combat communism in Southeast I Asia is “taking definite form.” * He said he believed loss of Southeast Asia and the Pacific islands to the Communists could be prevented “without extending the Indochina War. if the free nations having vital interests in the area are united. . . .” “Out of this unity . . . will come free world strength which 1 believe will lead the Communists to re-, nounce their extravagant ambi-l tions to dominate yet another major portion of the globe,” Dulles said as he stopped here bri.efly on his flight from Paris to his island retreat in Lake Ontario. Dulles said he was “well-satisfied” with his talks in London and Paris this week regarding the possibility of a unified front against Communist forces in Indochina. The secretary, smiling and apparently in excellent spirits, issued a formal statement to newsmen and then took off with Mrs.; Dulles for a few days rest in hisj one-rooni log cabin on Main Duckj Island and some fishing. He ex-1 pects to flv to Augusta. Ga., Sun-! day to report to President Elsenhower, and from there to Washington to work on plans for the Geneva conference, opening April 26. He will return to Paris Wednesday to attend a North Atlantic Shivers to Help Drought Areas AUSTIN. April 15 UP)-Gov. Rhiv-| rs promised officials ol 28 rought-hit West Texas counties to-ay he would do all he could to et more help for them in Wash-| igton.    I He said he expected the gover-ors of New Mexico. Kansas. Okla-oma and Colorado will join him n the subject at a conference with •resident Elsenhower April 26-28. County Judge James McMorries 1 f Stanton In Martin County, had; sked Shivers to use his influence ,ith the President to help get asier credit for small business nd farmers and a public works irogram in the 28 counties for hose officials he was speaking, fe said he thought some laws ould have to be changed, and hould be before Congress ad-, ourns.    j McMorries said recent rains ave helped, but that the long ears of drought have piled up, rouble for West Texas that can t p remedied by one good rain or I'lthoiit long term credit aid. ] He said many farmers would tttd 10 year loans to help them get back on their feet. Many small businesses that have carried farmers along, counting on a crop this year, are now up against it. Shivers said he would name a non-official advisory committee including representatives of the West Texas County Judges Assn., Mate officials, and others to work further on the drought region’s troubles. McMorries said unemployment, is rising in the 28 county area because many businesses have gone broke. He asserted the only way to offset this Is by some kind of public works program. The state has set up a surplus food program in many West Texas counties, and highway improvement jobs have been concentrated; in the area to help relieve the^ strain, Shivers said. Counties represented at the meeting were Motley. Midland. Hansford. Gaines, Andrews, Yoakum, Cochran, Martin, Cottle, Childress, Wheeler Dickens. Kent. Scuri-v, Stonewall Fisher, Hall, Lipscomb, Lubbock, Dawson. Ochiltree, Terry, Garza, Mitchell Roberts, Glasscock, CoUingsyirth, Howard. Pact meeting before meeting with British, French and Russian leaders in Geneva to take up the Far East problems. Dulles said the Geneva conference would be a test of the unity of purpose and addedt “I am more than ever persuaded that, If the free world stands firm, the Geneva conference will advance the cause of freedom in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, and safeguard that freedom in peace and justice.” The proposed alliance, similar to NATO and approved by both Eden and Bidault in joint statements with Dulles, would include the Western Big Three, the Associated States of Indochina (Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos) and Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and the Philippines. Ranger Shot In Gun Fight Near Ranger EASTLAND. AprU 15 — A. C. Yaeger. about 48. Texas Ranger with the Cattlemen Association here, was wounded about 10 p.m. Thursday in a gun battle about three miles east of Ranger, Peace officers from Eastland, Ranger and Abilene immediately began a search for the assailant. Yaeger received a flesh wound in hl.s left side between his ribs and the hip, Billy Jack Johnson, Eastland night patrolman, said. Yaeger drove to Eastland Memorial Hospital where he w’as treated, Johnson said. Johnson quoted Yaeger as saying he shot six times and heard “the fellow holler.” Johnson said it was believed the assailent fired four or five times and was using a .22 caliber weapon. Rebels Split French Fortress Defenses H.^NOI, Indochina, April 15 J**— Red-led Vietminh troops smashed \A within 2,400 feet of the heart of Dien Bien Phu today and split the battered bastion’s ^east-west defenses. The mo\e was seen as a prelude to another mass rebel assault on the northwest Indochina fortress. A French l^nlon spokesman said the rebels had managed to dig in along the north part of the fortress’ main airstrip after blowing up part of the runway under cover o£ darkness.    ^ Army Lists 29 Counts Against Joe McCarthy WASHINGTON, April 15 (¿B—The Army’s “bill of particulars” against Sen. McCarthy (R-W'is) was made public today, after parts of it leaked out, and brought from the senator’s camp a charge of “one-sided smear.” It appeared that the new row could delay the start of public hearings. 29 Allegations In 29 specific allegations, the Army said McCarthy and his aides sought by “improper means”—including threats—to get special treatment for draftee G. David Schlne. And the document asserted: “These requests and threats are believed to have been made with the knowledge and consent of Sen. McCarthy.” McCarthy’s chief counsel, Roy M. Cohn, himself a principal target of the Army’s formal complaint, promptly protested its publication and declared the McCarthy forces won’t supply any further information until (1) the “leak” has been investigated and (2) assurance is given there will be no repetition. So there may be another delay in the Senate Investigations subcommittee’s public hearings, set to start next Thursday, into the Army’s charges and McCarthy’s countercomplaint—that the Army tried to “blackmail” him out of investigating alleged subversives. McCarthy has turned the chairmanship of the subcommittee over to Sen. Mundt (R-SD) for purposes of these hearings. Army Airs Threats The document says Cohn threatened to “expose the Army in its worst light” if the wealthy young Schine, former subcommittee consultant. did not get a New Y’ork area assignment. Cohn, who said he had consulted McCarthy, sent a telegram to Mundt today charging the subcommittee rule against “premature publication of parts or all of the specifications for the forthcoming hearing” had been violated. It added the Army specifications contain “many false, mi.s-leading and distorted statements” and omit “highly relevant events.” Cohn said the .subcommittee adopted the rule against release of specifications — until those from both sides had been received — io order to prevent “another onesided smear such as this.” The Army document was a series of charges of pressure on behalf of Schine. It was given to the Senate investigating group yesterday. Copies were sent to McCarthy, Cohn and Francis P. Carr, the subcommittee chief of staff. They have been asked to file replies to the charges and also supply their ow-n” bill of particulars” on their “blackmail” accusation. TEARS OF JOY—Mrs. Pauline Karney sheds tears of joy as her son Jules, 8, is brought to her in Culver City, Calif. He had been missing for several hours. Police and Sheriffs officers with the help of the Boy Scouts had launched a search for the boy. He was found sitting on a curb about a mile from his home. He told police he had gone exploring and got lost.___ Dorsey's Orchestra Plays to Full House A full house of about 250 couples danced to the music of Tommy Dorsey’.s orchestra at the VFW Ballroom Thur.sday night. The orchestra which now features Tommy’s brother, Jimmy on the saxophone, is currenUy making a coasMo-coast tour and stopped in Abilene for the one-night stand. Sponsors of the dance were Elbert Hall, C. E. (Sonny) Bentley Jr., and J. D. Perry Jr. THE WEATHER V. s. ui:partmknt o »commerce WEATHER BlRKAl! ABILENE AND VICINITY — Conilder-abie rlnuctinfM and* cooler. Poulbly eomt duit with rather etrong northerly wlnde Friday morning. Fair to partly cloudy and raihiT cool Friday night and Saturday. High temperature Friday dO to S3 dfareea. Low Friday night 43. High Saturday «5 to 70 EAST Tt-'XAS. Scattered thunderahow-era near coast early Friday, otherwiae partly cloudy and cooler Friday. Saturday narlly cloudy and mild. Frcah northerly winds on coast, dimlnUhlng by Saturday and becoiumg northea'<t to cast. TEMPEKATIKtS Thura. A M    Thura. P M. 6A    1    30 ..... ... 78 M....... 3:30 ...... 7« M  ....... 3 30  ......... 73 08 ........... 4 !0  ........ 72 «4    ....... 5 30 . .. ....... 71 04      ..    6:30 . ......... fii «5  ........... 7 30 .........  «7 «7 ............ » 30 ........... 08 70 ............ 8 30 ............ 04 71 ...... ..    10:30  ....... 72 ...... 11:30 . .....- 73    1230 High and low temperatures for 84 houri ended at «30 pm : 77 and 63. High and low temperatures aam# date la«t year" 09 and 41 Sunset last night 7 08 p m. SunrUe today i ll » «n Sunset tonight 7:0« p m. Barometer reading at 9 30 p m. 8«.l« Relfttlve humidity ot t:30 p.m. f7',e. Estep Mail Fraud Case Nears Jury Dr. Condon Letters Of 1949 Published WASHINGTON, April 15 (/P)—The strange case of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, who directed the building of the first atomic bomb and is now cut off from all atomic secrets, developed a strange new angle today. Another high-ranking scientist, Dr. Edward U. Condon— who likewise has been under fire on security grounds—was quoted as saying in 1949 that it looked as if Oppenheimer was “turning informer” in the hope of shielding himself from Red charges,    _ Several newspapers today pub- The case of William Estep will be put in the hands of the jury Friday morning. Half of the arguments of attorneys closed the fourth day of the trial in U. S. District Court Thur.s-day. One address by each side remains before the case will go to the jury. Defense testimony opened at 1 p.m. After putting five witnesses on the stand Defense Attorney Maury Hughes unexpectedly announced the defense rested at 3:55 p.m. Both sides closed immediately without any rebuttal. Attorney Become« III Judge T. Whitfield Davidson called a 10 - minute recess of court in the afternoon when Hughes became ill. He was questioning a witness and suddenly released the witness to cross - examination, saying he was dizzy. After a brief rest Hughes continued active in the trial of the case. Estep is on trial on charge« of using U. S. mails to defraud and violations of the Securities Act of 1933. Assistant U. S. District Attorney Warren C. Logan opened arguments for the government and Howard Dailey spoke’for the defense. Hughes and U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Floore are expected to close the arguments Friday morning. Government testimony consumed three days, from noon Monday until Thursday noon. Joe Burkett Testifies Joe Burkett. San Antonio lawyer, was the first defense witness to take the stand. He identified hirn-self as a former resident of Clyde and Eastland and stated he had been district clerk of Eastland County, judge of the 42nd Judicial District and a state representative and senator for West Texas. Burkett testified he prepared the Qharter application for Atomotor Manufacturing Co., Inc.. at Estep’s request. He said a fir.st application provided for capitalization of $40,000 but that when Estep reported to him the stockholders were scattered and he could not contact them all a ijecond application was prepared. This one, Burkett stated, provided for $20,000 and it was on this application the corporation was granted a charter. On cross examination Burkett said he gave Estep $10 for stock in the corporation “merely for a matter of convenience” until after the charter was granted, naming him as one of the incorporators. After the charter was granted, he said, Estep returned the $10 and Burkett withdrew from the corporation. Burkett denied that he had advised Mrs. Leta Paetznick and newspapers .    . lished letters they said Condon y^rrote—one to Oppenheimer himself—after the noted physicist testified before the House Committee i on Un-Am#*rican Activities in 1949. | Two Senate committees were rt-j liably reported to have copies of; these letters. Oppenheimer’s testimony was given In executive session, but a portion of it “leaked” and the Rochester. N.Y., Times-Union reported Oppenheimer had named a protege of his, German-born Dr. Bernard Peters, as a onetime Communist. Today the New York Journal Ar.ieriean and the Daily News said Dr. Condon, head or the U. S, Bureau of Standards at that time, told Oppenheimer in a letter soon afterwards; : “One is tempted to feel that you are foolish as (sic) to think you can buy immunity for yourself by turning Informer ... You know \'cn’ well th'»t once these oeonle decide to go into your own dossier and make it public that It will make the revelations that have been made so far look pretty tame.” Another published letter represented Condon as teiling bis wife he was greatly concerned about Oppenbeltner’a state of mind. Oppenheimer has been barred from access to atomic secrets pending an Investigation by a special three-member panel of various security charges, one of them accusing him of obstructing development of the hydrogen bomb. He says he dropped his opposition to an all-out H-bomb project as soon as ex-president Truman ordered Miss Muriel Merrit to Invest money in the corporation. He said he told them when they both came to his office that “the whole thing was speculative.”    ,    ’ i, ♦ t i Mis, Merrit. first witness of the    „ director trial, hart rteniert emphat eally ^at,    Glass Co., sho ever went to Burkett s office, i    rtescrlhert    by a conyres- Met At E,tep Home    i    committee    as    the    "weakest I. V. Daniel of 1641 North 17th    country’s atomic sc- St., Mrs. Alpha Allen of 410 Vic- ^.„rify chain. He repeatedly dc-toria St.. Mrs, Ruby Morris Moore    accusation, and C. M. Gillis of 1482 Merchant    Corning today Condon said St.. all told of attpuding a meeting    ^^-rote    Oppenheimer a April 5. 1952, at Estep’s home. At.jp^jgj. about the Peters testimony, that time he was living at 625 Am-,||p declined to discuss it further, arlllo St.    I    but said he has “complete confi- AIl four of these witnesses de-jdence in the integrity and loyal-nied that E.step induced them to ty” of Oppenheimer. invest money in the atomotor. Records of the Un-American Ac-Thev all said Samuel    G.    House ad-    tivltles    Committee show    Condon dressed the meeting    to    tell    them    testified    in 1950 he wrote    Oppen- about the atomotor,    heimer    a “very critical    letter’ They related that    House    told    which “may have said something them of his many other inventions about Oppenheimer’s trying to in-and described the atomotor as a form on others to save himself. 'self - energizing” mechanism. Amounts of their inve.stments were $1,000 by Daniel. Mrs, Allen, $250; Mrs. Moore, $500: and Gillis, $300. Oppenheimer te.stlfied in June, j94g_.-«;hortlv before a controversy over building the hydrogen bomb developed. Peters was teaching at the Uni- Daniel said House told the meet- versity of Rochester at that time, ing that he had passed up a $17 He now is a re.search physicist in million offer for the atomotor be- Bombay, India, cause he would rather deal with Efforts to learn exactly what people he could trust. He quoted Oppenheimer told the Un-Anieri-IIouse as saying that he had been can Activities Committee ahoui “beat out” of the patent rights on Peters were unsuccessful, for the many of his inventions.    record of that hearing is still se- Each of the four expressed the cret. belief that House was the cause of The Washington Star said Uon- See ESTEP. Pg. 14-A, Col. 1-2 See SCIENTIST, Pg. 14-A, Col. 3 Dusty Winds Due to Skid Temperature A windy, dustv secondary cold front was moving down on Abilene from the northward Thursday night. It was due to arrive sometime after midnight, a U. S. Weather Bureau forecaster said. There will po.ssibly be some dust here with rather .strong northerly winds Friday morning. The secondary front 'Thursday night had passed through Amarillo and Lubbock, Dust at Amarillo Light rain showers and blowing dust were reported at Amarillo. Visibility there was cut to four miles. The temperature dropped to 45 degrees at 9.30 p.m. Winds were clocked at SO mllea an hour wUb gusts up to 42. Lubbock has light rain and dust, too. VlsibiJity there went dawn to three miles and winds were reported at 30 miles an hour with gusts up to 35. The first front came through Abilene from the northward gradually Thursday morning. Winds had been out of the south all night They began to shift to the west at 8 o’clock and by 10 o’clock w'ert out of the northwest. The first front didn't bring the thunderstorms that were expected here, but held the high temperature Thur.sday afternoon to 77 degrees. A high of 85 had been forecast. Rain.s fell farther to the south, however. An unofficial .93 of an inch fell between 5 and 6 p.m. at the Department of Public Safety radio transmitter about a mile north of San Angelo on the Ballinger highway. Rain at Rowena, Miles Good rains were also reported to be falling towards Ballinger in tbt Rowena and Miles area. San Angelo got spotted rains over the city, but at the airport just south of town, rone was reported. A forecaster said it wa.s doubtful if the secondary coid front would bring any rain to Abilene. If any does fall, it won’t amount to much, he said. The .secondary front will bring s more noticeable drop in temperature than the first. High Friday w ill be 60 to 65 and the low Fri-ray night 45 to 50. A high of 65 to 70 is expected Saturday. Wind, Rain Storms Keep East, South Texas in Uneasv State NEWS INDEX SECTION A Womon't nowf ..... Oil newt ....... FooiJ newi SECTION B Sport«    ...... Editori«!« Comic« ........... Radio il TV Log . . .. farm nsw« 4-S 6-7 15 2-3 . 4 . 5 . 8 . 9 .By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS . Marauding wind and rain storms kept South and East Texas uneasy Thur.sday night. The HiPhway Patrol reported a tornado cloud was seen near San Marcos. A similar cloud passed over Seguin a few hours earlier. At both South Tcxa.s communities. rain fell heavily and hall rattled on rooftops as the massive, black thunderhead moved overhead. A small tornado moved across northwest Harris County (Houston) damaging an industrial plant and a barn. There were no Injuries. The twister touched at and near Fairbanks, damaged the roof of a carbon black plant Houston got 2.92 inches of rain between 2:30 and 10:30 a. m., bringing the eity’.s total for the month to 5.33 Inches. Baytown reported 2.71 inches, La Porte 2.5 and Humble 2.5. A strong wind toppled several trees at La Porte. In Hardin County, Kountxe received 4.5 inches ana Santiago and Thicket 2 to 2.5 inches. High winds at Longview blew a-way two lumber shed.« and several stacks of lumber from the Walker Brothers Co. plant. Power line« were knocked out, roofs were damaged, plate glass windows broken aod roadway sigD« knocked down. Rain fell In a deluge during the wind. At Seguin, Sheriff Phil Medlin said “I think we had a tornado up above us, but It didn’t tourh down.’’ Wind> reached 70 miles an hour. At Marshall in East Texas, .61 of an inch of rain fell In less than an hour. Rainfall at Beaumont since Wednesday totaled 1 25 but was slacking off. A twister did some damage north of Oran.ge. The Rio Grande Volley had its troubles. Floo<l waters from six days of off and on rain.s stood in stagnant pools with no drainage outlet. More thundershowers were forecast for the Valley. The Red Cross cared for 117 persons in shelters Mrs. Bernice Reeves said her pupils flattened themselves on the floor as the cloud passed over the building “We all prayed.” Mrs. Reeves said. A small twister blew down a lot of timber and damaged two home« at Bleakwood in New'ton County, some 50 miles north of Orani'e. Sheet.« of rain fell. The .storm was reported to have rut a path about 100 yards wide for a distance of one-half to one mile. Two heavy rains in Houston before noon Thiiisday flooded '‘ome streets temporarily and knocked some 400 telephones out of service. The Red Cross sent some disa»- at Alamo and Pharr Wednesday | night. Sehool.s were closed in the |    ^    of Pharr. San Juan. Alamo district, i    distribute    food,    di- Typhoid innoculations continued. The Panhandle. North and West Texas started clearing. Scattered showers still were forecast. Cooler weather slipped into North Texas behind a Pacific front. A tornado cloud traipsed through a farm area northwest of Houston during a thundershower but dissipated shortly after it formed. The roof was ripped off one barn. At the Recreation Acrta i^hool« rect traftic around flood areas and haul cots and beds to shelters. Some 150 square miles are involved in the VaUey danger area. It Is bounded by Edinburg, Elsa, Weslaco, McAllen and back to Edinburg. Some 50.000 acres of land wti under water. The loss to vegetable and cotton crops was estimated at 5 million dollar« by the Sute Agriculture Departmeal, i ;