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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 16, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Since Read Harbor $16,716,486.50 Sprit Quota    $    231,700.00 April S^lct    $    $73,492.50®f)e Abilene Reporter — SUNDAYWITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"-Byron VOL. LXIII, NO. 305. A TEXAS NEWSPAPER MAJOR OBJECTIVES IN SIX-DAY EUROPEAN AIR OFFENSIVE—Stars and bull’s-eyes mark major objectives in the virtually non-stop air offensive waged by the U. S. Army ftir Forces and the RAF over Europe in six days beginning April 8 and including April 13. Targets hit by U. S. bombers are indicated by circled stars; those by the RAF are marked by bull’s-eyes. (AP Wirephoto). Fall of Sevastopol Imminent Reds Say Romanian Oil Center Given Major Attack ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 16, 1944 -THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) United Press syj>.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Raid on Yank Base Fails ROAD IO TOKYO RECEIVES HAMMERING FOR 51H DAY Says Axis Fights to Finish LONDON. April 15- The Axis announced that an important | A German broadcast dispatch dated Tokyo said "opinions were excouncil was held at Premier Tojo’s home in Tokyo today at which the changed on various measures in record to the war jointly waged by Japan, conferees, after discussing the Allied offensive of the past year and the Germany and Italy and their Allied powers against the United States and promised invasion of the west, proclaimed a firm determination to fight Great Britain. The discussions led to complete agreement of opinion.” After reviewing the general war situation, Tojo said that the United States and Britain in the past year had “launched a counterattack from all sides’’ and had concentrated “all their energies and resources in attacking the periphery of the Axis powers’ territories in the east as well as in the west.” “We are determined to foil enemy plans and not to down arms before (victory). Although we are fighting separately in the east, and the west, we will and we shall still further deepen our cooperation and fight the common enemy with united forces. "We shall frustrate every attempt made by the enemy to divide us. I know that this conception Is shared by Germany and Italy.” together to the end. Statements were reported made by both Tojo and German Ambassador Heinrich Stahmer stressing Axis unity in such terms as to suggest that recent Allied progress and the western invasion prospect had spread fears among enemy peoples that the Axis partnership, already darkened by Italy's surrender, might be crumbling further. In particular, the Axis stressed the theme that the European satellites were not wavering. The Berlin and Tokyo radios indicated that top leaders available in Tokyo attended the unusual meeting, with the technical committee of the German-Japanese-puppet Italian three-power pact supplemented by generals and admirals, Foreign Minister Shigemitsu, Naval Minister Shi-mada “and a number of army and naval experts and other official personages.” The Berlin broadcast continued: “The German ambassador then made a statement on the political situation. He declared the firm unit of all states adherne to the three- | reach Eniwetok power pact was a most important preliminary condition to final victory LONDON, Sunday, April 16— (AP) —Russian troops smashing through    Sevastopol’s    outer defenses yesterday captured points    on    a    broad    front    only    three and one-half miles north of that burning Crimean citadel, while in old Poland Another Red army crushed the 16,000-man Axis garrison at Tarnopol on the southern invasion route to Berlin after a three-week siege, Moscow announced early today. The fall of Sevastopol appeared to be near. A    midnight Soviet bulletin said    Soviet warships and planes were sinking evacuation boats; thousands of Germans and Romanians were giving up without a fight; Blast Ploesti, Bucharest Again Ten Airfields Receive Brunt Of U. S. Bombs leukemia Victim Fighting Losing ’Battle for Life Molly Jo Ridens, four-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. P. T. widens of Ovalo, was under ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples. April 15—(ZP)—American Flying Fortresses streaking from Italy to within 150 miles of the Russian-German front heavily attacked the big Romanian oil center of Ploesti and sister Liberators blasted targets in the Romanian capital city of Bucharest today in twin blows directly supporting the Red army. (The Americans presumably flew 570 miles from Foggia to make the and large groups of other en-1 attack.) emy‘troops were trapped in Taking into the second week the ftfl    great Allied    two-way aerial offen- the mountains    along    the    sou-    gjve agajnst    Axis Europe, the 15th them coast.    air force heavies went out “in great The Russians    also    said units    of    strength” to    hit these two strategic the loth German SS tank    division    targets. an how    The    Germans    sent    up    an    unusu- *    6    .6    Vt    V    u    armed from France to aUy strong fighter {orce protect oxygen tent    at    Hendrick    Memorial    shore up sagging Axis    lines in for-    these targets, but the Americans hospital late    last    night    making    a    mer poland. The late    communique    were ready with a three-team relay desperate but losing fight for life. ;    said these had been badly    mauled    system of fighter aid. Large    forma- ,    ;    ^  _..    . .    .    tions of Thunderbolts    and    Light- 3 Ru., an troops attacking in an    njngs were usedi one team escort- area 40 miles south    of captured    ing the bombers in, a second pro- Tarnopol.    tooting them over the    targets and Surging down the Crimean west Is third tsCOTline them back-coast through a fortified area which    The two attacks appeared took the Germans eight months to    designed to heap new difficui- crack in their 1941-42 siege of Sevastopol, the Red army captured Lyubimovka just above the Chornaya estuary between them and the prize city, a Moscow bulletin said. By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Marine night fighters beat off Japan’s attempt to strike at the base of American bombers which have been making frequent raids on Tokyo s island outposts, Adm. Chester Wa Nimitz announced yesterday.    _ The Nipponese dropped    ” 1 t,heir bomb loads harmlessly ii i j ii kl into the sea. Nimitz said, as Ha A I pl IC Mpn the Marine aircraft intercept- I lUlv I VII J I IVII ed before the attackers could atoll in the Western Marshalls, the/most advanced United States air base in the Central Pacific. Two or three bombers were shot down. Simultaneously Aleut!.:. - blued,    ARMy    ^    fobch Army and Navy bombers carn., headquarters, Al>ril WI— their raid on Japan’s Northern Kur- wju not be long before you ar* lie ilsands Into the fifth straight over Tokyo," Maj. Gen. Willis H. day with four new strikes along the Hale told the members of his 7th northern road to Tokyo.    Army Air Force today in bidding A reshuffling of commands in the them farewell. General Hale ha* Central Pacific lent strength to boon named as commander of land-Adm. Ernest J. King’s statement based air forces at forward area* that the Navy would soon create in the Central Pacific, new opportunities to attack the elu- "The objective of our aerial war sive japanese fleet and bases ever in the Pacific is to place our heavy deeper in the empire’s island de- bombers within range of the major They’ll Be Over Tokyo Very Soon fense ring. Only In India was the news favorable to Tokyo. Nipponese troops held their grip around the British Indian bases of Im-phal and Kohlma.. Other Japanese forces were on the move in China for a possible major offensive to he coordinated with the action in India. Chungking suggested Japanese Flying out from British bases U. 9. Lightnings, Thunderbolts and Mustangs of the Eighth and Ninth Air Forces swept over IO German and German-occupied airfields with On three widely-separated fronts; the Russians said, staggering casualties were inflicted on the Germans and Romanians, whom Soviet front war correspondents in recent days have declared were showing increased signs of apathy and demoralization, evident by mass surrenders. ties on harried Axis armies by seriously interrupting their communications. With the spectacular plunge of the Russian armies into the Crimea and into Romania, it appeared certain the Germans must be re-grouping large forces in the Balkans to meet the threat of the advancing Russians. PUPPET AND PUPPET-MASTER—War maps on the table before them evidently give Adolf Hitler and his puppet pal, Marshal Ion Antoesru, .Romania dictator, something to ponder. Photo, from neutral source, shows Hitler and his satellite in conference as the Russians pour into Romania. Merkel Soldier Killed in Italy -Pfc [was an increase in German operations in the Upper Garigliano val-i ley where Allied headquarters reported one area was shelled for The Soviet high command gave m°re tW° h?Ur? a i .    .    6    ottiamnts    tn    npnntrntf1    AliiImps MERKEL, April 15—(Spl.) On the Italian land front there | Homer H. Reynolds, 28, was killed In action in Italy on March 18, according to a message from the Judge Critz, 67, Dies at Coleman LONDON. April 15—GPI^Powerful American aerial forces, possibly totaling as many as 2,000 planes, struck from Britain and Italy today, strafing German airfields and transportation facilities and bombing the Rumanian capital of Bucharest and the oil center of Ploesti in blows directly supporting j forces moving up the Yangtze river the Red army.    i    toward Hankow would attack as soon as their comrades in India sever the Bengal-Assam railway, essential link In the supply route to China. But the British reported _ ,    ...    ,    they    were progressing in their et- some formations penetrating as far ; todM, .raoanese from the east as an airfield in the v,emily of    Koh!mll    >nd Dlam. par, juncture 'of the highway and railroad, The Allied command said small enemy ground forces still clung to the Bishenpur-Silchar trail, southwest Of Imphal. Tokyo radio asserted “the enemy Is throwing in reinforcements recklessly despite heavy losses.’’ Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stillwell’s patrols were reported near Kaimaing In North Burma’s Mogating valley, representing a 20-mile advance from the last reported position of his main body of troops. St ii well's objective is to open a new land route to China, But it is dependent upon holding the Bengal-Assam railway. war production centers of Japan, General Hale said. He pointed out that in flv* months of a sustained air offensive, the 7th AAP has advanced heavy bomber bases nearest Japan Berlin. Thirty American fighters failed to return, the Army announced tonight. This constituted the largest number of losses ever suffered by American fighters in a single day's operation. The lighters which possibly totaled between 500 to 750 planes shot down 18 German planes in aerial rnmhat. In addition they destroyed and damaged “a considerable number of enemy aircraft on the ground,” a communique said. Their low-l«wel strafing attacks also were directed at barges, flak cars a factory and locomotives in Germany. Returning pilots reported that they had damaged 17 locomotives. The assaults today broke a one-day lull In the heavy blows being rained on Hitler’s aerial defenses COLEMAN, April 15-(Spl.)-Eugene Marvin Critz, 67, brother of J and sujyply lines! Texas Supreme Court Justice Rich-' Tile British - based operation? War" department to his wife,' Mrs. | *rd Critz of Austln and who was * I Centod™1*^    * and Northern Germany _ . , _    .. .    ,    .    constituted one of the greatest mass Private Reynolds is a son right, died in the arms of his law fighter attacks ever launched The Molley Reynolds, now living in Gal veston. prominent barrister in his own these totals and summaries of the attemPls ,0 Penetrate Allied lines of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Reynolds partner, Garland Woodward, at the communique did not name the tar- fighting on the three fronts: Tarnopol—A total of 16,000 Germans, the entire garrison, was crushed after a three-week siege of the city 75 miles southeast of Lwow, the next big Soviet objective. The remnants of four divisions and were broken up. Other sectors re mained quiet On the sea. Admiral King said. Japan has levi a third of her merchant Marine and her navy has been so seriously damaged she can never hope to make up losses.” "She cannot stand such a rate of loss for anv length of time and keep her emoire together,” he added, as he promised new powerful blows by the Pacific fleet. GENERAL HALE 1,330 nautical miles westward. Th* most advanced base now is 1,800 nautical miles from Tokyo. "Our operations were in connection with those of ground and naval forces,” he said. “No other air forre has advanced its heavy bomber bases so far in such a short time." “It Is Just seven and a half months since we made our landing on our first Central Pacific island and started to lav an airstrip,’’ the general continued. “As the objective for 7th AAP bombers. Truk tfien looked as far away almost as Tokyo itself. Today It is right in our front yard." Stamford Sergeant Killed in Pacific MOLLY JO RIDENS > She is suffering from the rare and mysterious disease of acute lymphatic leukemia. Attendants held little hope for Ta n 29    i I „ i j    ,____ «„    past deputy governor of Lions In Private Reynolds was born in:K    , other units all were killer. e«ren. I „ SP^°5D>    *&r11 ,5-,sP”- Comanche county on Aits 14. 1915. tematloiml and an ’ion who nun th. fl.h    S,a!t 881 Prl“,’k Warl'<',J’ Rye,J!tn and had lived in Merkel tor the leader ot Coleman, at 1:25 a. rn. ' Odessa—Between March 25 and £ inturn rn L^Ne'grcTtati» !,ast 17 vpars ?e ’"JT.mT1 '°T Mr' Crt“ dled ,rom * hPart at April 12 Gen. Rodion Y. Maolinov- Admiralty islands, according to a e..se,rUC^    itaclc- Although he had been in de sky s third Ukraine army killed telegram from the War department. 26,800 enemy troops and captured He was in the cavalry. 10,680 for a total of 37,480 in ope- Sergeant Rye landed in Australia He said the Japanese appear to- of Merkel.    latter’* home here carlv today    °f    the    fighters.    Reassignment    of    three ranking day to have been defeated in the He is the second Merkel soldier la" 1 home , C* ly ’    The    Budapest    radio    broadcast    to-    officers in the Central Pacific may alr »*> the Central Pacific. The with the 36th division to die in pa I came o ie po    night    that    raiders    wrere    over    Hun-    have been designed to relieve Adm. Japanese recently moved a large Italy. Previously reported was the torney, who had served as an of- gary and warned that, the capital Raymond A Spruance of some of number of fighters to some of their death of Tech. Sgt. J. B. Bunch on fjcjai 0f the Texas bar association, was in danger of attack—an indica- his duties so he can lead the Navy’s bases but 'they’ve not been able tion that the Allied air blows drive toward the China coast. Ef-active civic 1 aKain8t *** Germans' Balkan sup- fective May I, Rear Adm. John H. ply lines were continuing after dark. The German radio reported enemy South- Hoover was made commander of even to slow up our bombing missions.’’ “When the enemy cannot stop rations which liberated Odessa on j in June, 1943, and later was sent ya._£„ the Black sea and sent bedraggled I to New Guinea Axis remnants fleeing across the Dnestr estuary into Lower Bessarabia. Crimea—Another 6,000 Germans raiders were approaching ^ ^.....  east    Germany. trained    at    Camp    Bowie.    Camp    j    v“'    ‘““‘'"T*"    T    "    ,    ”    .    A communique broadcast by the Blanding    and Camp    Edwards    before    ,    health    for    several    mont s,    gwlss rfttiio said    gwwR ^ gpacp sailing for    overseas    duty about a    |    he became critically    ill only    recently    was violated this    evening by an A    diqpctor of    the    state bar asso-    unidentified plane    which caused an her recovery after she failed to and Romanians surrendered Fri-fully from an eighth blood trams- ***» •»«“ a seven-day total to fusion Friday.    [    _’-- Molly Jo became ill in December. Cause of leukemia, a disease in which bone marrow creates an abnormal amount of white blood corpuscles, is unknown. UUUW1I>    Survivors    are    his    wife,    parents.    cIatlon from 1938 ^ 1942 Mr Crltz alarm iii some districts Prior to going overseas. Sergeant ^vo stepchildren, Louie Ann an    the    head    of    the advisory board w.    •    ••    v Rye was stationed a. Ft. Bliss, El ^L'X'f rn and 5^ of that organization in 1940 and *'"9 Chm*.®II X Paso, for nearly three vears.    p    l.    Peterson,    all    of    Merkel,    Mrs    chairman of its presidents, vice Reported Very III J. V. Arnold of Brown county, and ; presidents and secretaries section STOCKHOLM, April 15—(/Pi— Mrs. J. T. Callahan of Delamo,    |    Seventy-four year old King Chris- forces in the area, and Brig. Gen, R. W Douglas was given Hale’s past as head of the 7th Army Air Force. Sunners Candidate A brother. Cpl. James Rye, is stationed at Dodge City, Kansas, and a stepbrother, Donald Linville, has been in England since August, 1942. Judge Critz The Weather TRUK FLY IN PACIFIC WEB OF AERIAL ENCIRCLEMENT * TV S. DEPARTMENT OE COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY. Parllv cloudy and Tooler Sunday. Frc'h wind*. Monday partly cloudy, little chant* I" temperature. : AST TEXAS:    Partly cloudy and cooler Sunday, fresh wind*, occasion- fly strong In Interior. Monday partly nudv. Little change In temperature. WEST TEXAS:    Partly cloudy and cooler Sunday. Warmer in panhandle Sunday night. Monday partly cloudy and warmer. TEMPER VTI RES to them recently. •Calif.: and two brothers, O. J Reynolds of Comanche county and    0^rnor    for'the “uoi Pvt. Lee Mack Reynolds of Drew 1 field, Tampa, Fla. Giraud Tells Men To Be Disciplined NEW YORK, April 15 V, Gen. Henri Giraud, whose post as French commander - in - chief has been abolished, told his troops in a farewell message today to "bedisciplin- DALLAS, April 15——Representative Hatton W. Sumners, chairman of the House judiciary conserved    as    district I    ^an    x of Denmark Is seriously ill    mittee    who is serving his thirty- in_    from    compileations resulting from    second    \ear in Congress, file#    with ternational in 1939 and 1940 and a foot injury suffered tfhen he fell the Dallas County Democratic exe-was    president    of the 35th    judicial i    ^rom    a horse more than a year ago,    cut ive    committee today as a    can- district    bar    association    in    1940-41.    Danish underground reports said    dtdate    for renomination. He    gave Sat AM Fri. HOUR Sat. PM Fri. 58 - est I 79 • 73 / SA - <•57 - «3 2 76 • 75 es 3 74 rn 77 4X - ,v> 4 75 rn 78 53 • 58 5 75 rn 77 54* - 54 8 73 rn 7K 58 - 58 7 72 rn 77 57 - 80 8 58 rn Od 88 111 58 rn 80 72 - HO It rn KO 74 - 74 12 — rn 58 JtHigh and low ID and 47. trmprraturrs B p. m. Kir** md low na 14 \n* se. Htn*cl U*t night; (VOS. Sunrise thl* morning. IS)!, Sunset tonight! 809, dote last year ed. be prepared, br strong ' and said ; Colrman werc married HofWofi “no bitterness for his By RALPH H. HEPPE Associated Press War Editor Truk, Japan's major Central Pa- A surprise blow by United States he harbored cific. supply and naval base, is the    naval task forre planes on February    removal fly in the web of aerial encirclement    16-17 jolted Truk to the realization The 65-year-old grnfr^l    was    re- which the American Air Force Is    that the w'ar finally had reached its    moved as active commander by    the spinning in the Caroline islands    doorstep. Kusaie and Ponape atolls.    French Comniit’ee of    National that block the way to the Philip-    eastern bulwarks of Truk, already    Liberation yesterday. Pines.    I    knew it.    AA*JI J f\Ll' Thereafter American air power Midland UiilCCf cracked the whip with increasing AA    |n Ar finn frequency and force over the Caro. Missing in Action lines. In March, nine more atolls He had also taken an actine part ,0(tay in civic affairs for many years. Bom on Aug. 18, 1876, in Starkville. Miss , Mr. Critz was educated at Emory college. Oxford Ga. He was married to Maud Weaver on Oct. 30. 1907 at Santa Anna who died Nov. 15. 1930. On .June IO 1935, he and Mrs. Winnie Blatherwick of He was admit! ed to the bar in Coleman county in 1904 and had been associated with the late Walter C. Woodward from 1912 to 1939. In Dec. 1943 he and Garland Wood Deposits In Abilene banks at clo,sp . tigure was $2,038,563. of business April 13 totaled $29,*    •    •    ' the worward area in the Central our bombers he is being defeated. Pacific, Maj Gen. Willis H. Hale P«haPf gradually but nevertheless was made commander of all air certainly, he said at a press conference. "The most striking: evidence of waning Japanese air strength in this theater is seen in our naval operations. Our great Pacific fleet has been able to defy Japanese air power to penetrate some 1,000 to 1.500 miles into an area which was fully alerted and which should have been a hornet’s nest of viciously attacking planes." (General Hale obviously was referring to the recent task force attacks on Palau and adjacent islands in the Western Caroline* less than 600 miles from the Philippines. Enemy scout planes detected this huge force while it was far out at sea and warned Japanese warships which fled the Palau naval base) Unless the Japanese can greatly reinforce their air arm. General Hale observed, “our future progress in the Central Pacific air war will be determined entirely in Washington and not to any extent in Tokyo." his age as 68. BOND PURCHASES REDUCE DEPOSITS BUT SLIGHTLY Two months ago, Truk stood un-touched by the war, an untested symbol of power in Japan’s micronesian empire. Today it is caught in the grip of Allied air power, which tightens Its hold by day and night and relentlessly reaches out for more and more of its supporting bases. A review of Central Pacific air operations shows strikingly the rapidity with which modern aerial ...    .    ,    ..    ..    ...    The    War    department last night or island groups felt its sting, cli, official]v rpportf.d 2nd Lt. Robert maxed by the stab into the Palau K WhllP son of James w Whit€> and Yap groups, nearly 1.200 miles j m st Midland, as missing in west of Truk and almost In the aclion in the European theater. shadow of the Philippines, by pow-j_________________— - erful naval task forces.    C Three more atoll targets, two of ^OlCllCr V*OndlaOi€ them having airdromes, have been ODESSA, April 15 <A*) Pfc J. | Rev. Floyd Johnson and the Rev warfare has encompassed Truk. It I added in April. Fifteen in all now Rutherford. 24-year-old Marine, j Lynn Stewart, pastor of the First illustrates vividly the extent of the have been attach'd Some get only veteran if Tarawa todav annotine- Baptist church. “operations to soften up Truk," a*    j    ed his candidacy for state repre-i Burial will be rn a Coleman ceme- Adm. Chester W. Nunita referred See TRUK, Page 6, Col. 6 I sentative for the 8th district. I tery. ward of Houston, .too formerly of 489fJM4' !5™rdin8 ,?° .,tttpmtnU Total of loans and discounts of —    . rol^m.n fnrmpri a nartnVrKhin in issued yesterday on call of the comp-1 the two banks April 13 was $1,770,- AcrP Officers Enter Coleman, formed a partners.^ in ^    <)f    thp    currrncy    »87.65    and    total    resources    $30,267, Coleman. Besides Justice Critz survivor* include h’f wife and one sister, Mrs. George L. Kob of Sherman. Funeral will be held at the First Methodist church in Cob man Sunday afternoon a’ 4 o'ckx k. Tile Rev. A. S. Gafford of Brownwood, district superintendent and former pastor of the Coleman church, will officiate. He will be assisted by the Although people of Taylor coun-j548 0 ty have bought approximately $4,-750,000 in war bonds since January I, the amount of money in the banks here was only $216,024.91 less than on December 31, date of the last bank call. Deposits at the end of th*- J quant i oi this year amount'd to j Trent and Merkel deposits and the $6, >44,188 68 more than six months Abilene deposits totaled $31,479,-earlier at the third quarter call of i 979 25. Total for the county at the 1943.    I end of 1943 was $32,254,257. Government bonds held by th local banks April 13 totaled $16 308,067.23. Pleas of Innocent DANVILLE. 111-. April 15—{Aft— Counsel for the New York Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea company and 30 officer, and subsidiaries, facing charges of conspiracy to control 'prices and to injure and destroy food manufacturers, entered pleas of innocent today in federal district court. Federal Judge Walter C. Lindlev agt. cd to a tentative date of April Abilene bank deposit* on this call 0,1 h toe 1,    1tm    be resumed, subject to completion of Tile Farmers and Merchants National bank at Merkel reported deposits totaling $1,529,529.32 and the Home State bank at Trent $480,803.-45. A report had not been obtained trom tin* other bank in the county, the First State of Tuscola. The Two years earllar this*! See BANK DEPOSITS, Pg. 6, Col. 5 the prosecutions brief. \ I I % ;