Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 14, 1954, Abilene, Texas
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"~Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 302
Auocittted Pr9$t (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 14, 1954—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc
Explosion Over Oppenheimer Biggest of Atomic Era
WASHINGTON, April 13 (if)—The Gray, president of the University most sensational security case of North Carolina and former sec-' since the dawn of the atomic en- retary of the Army, has been ergy age broke today around the
Times published this morning an danger the common defense and exchange of letters in which (1) the AEC told Oppenheimer of the
acted unwisely but “what I have jest.”
learned has, I think, made me Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio), a mem-more fit to serve my country.” ber of the joint committee, told a, named to weigh the charges—most AEC said the charges against reporter he agrees with the Cole- charges against him and notified disclosed,
lean, nervous figure o'f Dr. J. Rob- of which have been aired before- Oppenhelmer raise “considerable Hickenl^pef statement. ■ him of his susPfnsion and (2)
ert Oppenheimer, the man who and decide whether Oppenheimer’s question” whether he is a danger j Sen. Mundt (R-SDi , meanwhile, penheimer replied
directed the building of the first banishment should be permanent, i to national security. Public dis-!said he and McCarthy received tions.
A*bornb cind on6 of the first to ODucnheimer. 49. director of the ■ closure of the case came in the; “some pretty important assur- ^ , • ^ 4 ^
conceive the hydrogen bomb. Institute for Advanced Studies at wake of an earlier charge by Sen. ances” about a year ago that se- said a review of ® where, was not spelled out, though' conventional atomic
.....‘--- • ‘ curity questions relating to Oppen- case was ordered, under the Eisen- indications it con-, weapons.
heimer and the H-bonb would be hower administration’s loyalty-se- Oppenheimer’s H-b o m b He said all the members felt that
.1_______LI--» J_____iJ 4 m 1 o f u aftor . .....
Oppenheimer at the time was security. ’ chairman of the AEC’s General
What this “additional investiga- Advisory Committee. He said in beyond material his reply to the charges that the
... . committee was in "unanimous op-
previously brought out in hearings position” in 1949 to starting a
before the House Committee on “crash program,” or all-out effort. The commission statement today Un-American Activities and else- j to build the H-bomb at the risk of
By personal order of President Princeton, N. J., readily acknowl-, McCarthy (R-Wis) that U. S. de-Eisenhower. Oppenheimer has edged working for Communist velopment of the hydrogen bomb
been barred from all access to causes in the past—he said his wife, wis deliberately stalled for 18 ^horoughly^ investigated^ secret data—and suspended as one , is an ex-Communist—and agreed | months, presumably through Com-of the nation’s foremost atomic de-!that in 1949-50 he opposed making i munist activity.
an all-out effort to build an H-| Long Interest in Case
bomb. j Rep- W. Sterling Cole (R-NY),
Never a Communist ! chairman of the Senate-House
fcnse advisdrs—pending a check of 16 FBI-gathered charges against him.
One Major Charge One major charge: that he
fought, and delayed, development of the H-bomb. Other allegations linked the world-famous scientist with known Communists and Communist activities even after he took charge in 1942 of the A-bomb development program at Los Alamos. N. M.
The Atomic Energy Commission: ries, probably, as much atomic in- tee
Mundt is acting chairman of McCarthy’s Permanent Investiga
curity program, immediately after activities.
Lewis Strauss took over as chair-, received
man last July. Strauss was a* receivea
tions subcommittee. He told a news | leader in the move to develop the; oppen-
conference that committee had oh- H-Bomb.
tained “some information” abouti
heimer "strongly opposed” devel-
"because of our overall situation at that time such a program might weaken rather than strengthen the position of the United States.” Oppenheimer said his opposition
But he said in a 43-page reply Atomic Energy Committee, pd Oppenheimer but decided against
K n Nichok* AEC eSal man- ^he H-bomb; that he ¡"ended once and for all when in
K. D. Nichols. AEC general man to cooperate fully” once'January, 1950, the President an-
the party, and (2) once ex-Presi-i tained a long and continuing interdent Tmman ordered the H-bomb est” in the Oppenheimer case, work started, he dropped all oppo- They said it now is the responsi-sition and helped develop it. bility of the Atomic Energy Corn-
All in all. said Oppenheimer, a mission, and when AEC’s “orderly
tall, chain-smoking man who car- review” is completed the commit-
‘will be in a position to take
announced that a special three-1 formation in his head as any man | whatever action, if any, that may
man panel headed by Gordon i alive, he feels he has sometimes 1 be appropriate in the public inter-
clined to say where the assurance ^ Oppenheimer in a letter dated Dec., hvdroKen bomb ” !
came from. 23. 19.53 — five months after thc|"»rK on the hjdrogen Domn.
McCarthy reportedly plans to'new investigation began: ! It was further reported, the AEC
sav more on the subject in a “As a result of additional invest!-[ continued, that “the opposition to
speech April 21 at San Jacinto, gation as to your character, asso- the hydrogen bomb, of which you ^ tn initiate ther
Tex. ¡ciations and loyalty ... there has are the most experienced, most, fusion« explosions to initiate tner
The Atomic Energy Commission developed considerable question powerful and most effective mem-j m^nuclear J"®®*!;*®"® „
issued its statement on the Oppen- whether your continued employ-; ber, has definitely slowed down »ts;u.sing »"A-bomb to trlgR^^^ heimer case after the New Yorklment on (AEC) work wUl en-' development.” ibomb-at Berkeley, Calif., in 1942.
on the project.
As a matter of fact, Oppenheimer said, he first called attention to “the possibility of using
OPPENHEIMER A-bomb figuro
JESSE CHASE ... moves Tye be incorporated
Water Need Spurs Tye Incorporation
By DON NORRIS Reporter-News Staff Writer
TYE. April 13 — Tye’s community days drew' nearer to a close Tuesday night.
Not one objectionalbc voice was raised from a majority of its citizens at a public meeting Tuesday night dealing with proposed incorporation of the community.
Tye citizens want water. To get the water they propose to join with Abilene, Merkel and other towns in a water project.
The Rev. J. Temple IjCwIs, Tye Baptist pastor, presided at the njeeting in the Tye .School Tuesday night. He told an estimated 200 citizenry “if we fail to incorporate we cannot get the water system needed.” I
Government Need Cited
Earlier Bill Mauldin had list-'
ed four reasons why Tye should call an election and incorporate. His reasons were: !
1. Tye needs a central government to speak authorativeiy for Its citizenry. i
2. Need for water is urgent and It can l>est be secured following Incorporation.
3. Future growth can best be
stimulated and regulated by a city with a governing body.
4. City development and improvement would be bolstered by incorporation.
Mauldin spoke and then the Rev. Lewis added his weight to the argument for Incorporation.
Proposed Limits Outlined After he had outlined the proposed area to be Included in the corporate limits, the Rev. Lewis called for a discussion.
Comments by persons called on included:
Roy Isom; “I think it’s a great move if we can put it over. I’m for it.”
Wesley Rister: "I think it will be a good thing.”
Jesse Chase; :‘T would like to see Tye get water. We need it. I’m for it. If we wait we will see our mistakes to late. I hope it goes though, I would hate for Abilene to step out and circle us.”
Theo Kincaid; :"A11 to gain and nothing to lose.”
James Barley: “I think it is an absolute must. I haul water now.” Pat Moore: “I think it is the
See TYE ASKS, Pg. 5-A, Cols. 3-4
'No Label' GOP Man Leading Illinois Vote
CHICAGO. AprU 13 Lf)-Joseph T. Meek, self-styled “No-label Republican,” pulled ahead for the GOP senatorial nomination tonight in mounting returns from the Illinois primary.
Edward A. Hayes slipped behind in a rlose two-man battle, but far from enough to fall out of the running.
Chairmen of key House committees took expected leads in bids for renomination on the GOP ticket.
The Illinois balloting was the first in the nation this year for picking the Republicans and Democrats who will go to the political mat in November over control of Congress.
With almost a fourth of the 9,805 precincts c o u s t e,d. Meek was ahead 36,651 to 31,651.
And in the first sprinkling of returns from the 19th Congressional District, Republican Chairman Chiperfield of Üie House Foreign Affairs Committee fell a shade behind Atty. Lawrence Stickell in his bid for renomination. Returns from a few additional precincts shifted the lead to Chiperfield.
Equally fragmentary returns in the adjoining 18th District put Harold H. Velde, chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee, ahead of challenger Robert H. Allison.
A third House chairman. Leo E. Allen of the Rules Committee, gathered in a bigger vote than all three of his Republican challengers in first returns in the 16th district.
'The Hayes-Meek duel was the pattern the experts had predicted in a contest that started out with nine contenders.
Hayes, former commander of the American legion, jumped ahead on the strength of support from his Chicago stronghold. Meek set the pace in scattered returns from the rest of the state and then overtook Hayes as the count picked up.
Other candidates strung out behind the tw'o front runners.
Meek is head of the Illinois Federation of Retail Assns., an organization of some 60,000 merchants.
Both Meek and Hayes have said they would support the Eisenhower administration, but with some reservations.
The Republican winner will run in November against the state’s Democratic senator, Paul H. Douglas unopposed in his own primary.
With a tenth of the States precincts reported—987 out of 9,805— Meek led Hayes 12.803-12.730. In Chicago and Cook County, Hayes was ahead 11,135 to 8,916 on the basis of a count in 883 precincts. In 104 downstate precincts, it was Meek, 3887-1,595.
New Rains Threaten Flooded Valley Towns
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Estep's Claims of Inventing Air-Powered Motor Revealed
By GEORGIA NELSON
Claims by William Estep that he Invented a machine powered by the air were Introduced in evidence in U. S. District Court Tuesday.
Estep is on trial for using the U. S. mails to defraud and for violating the Security Act of 1933. These violations are alleged in connection with the sale of stock in the Atomotor Manufacturing Co.
A former resident of 625 Amarillo St., Estep now makes his home In San Antonio.
Nine witnesses testified for the government Tuesday that they bought stock in the Atomotor Mfg. Co., relying on Estep’s claims that the atomotor was a fuel-less engine that would revolutionize industry.
”1 am a scientist and inventor and not a salesman.” Estep stated In one letter the government introduced in evidence. The letter had been mailed to Dr. C. D. Hans, an El Paso chiropractor.
In another letter to Hanes, Estep had written. “I am now perfecting a motor which runs on power taken from the air, and it seems
it may become my greatest invention in time as cheap transportation appeals to everyone. It is running now and operates a 20 horsepower hydraulic engine of standard design.”
E.step himself drives an 8-passenger Cadillac limousine.
In one and one-half days of testimony the government has called 12 witnesses and introduced 61 exhibits in evidence. They plan to call 24 more witnesses.
Defense attorneys Maury Hughes and Howard Dailey of Dallas have indicated they will use about 20 witnesses.
Testifying Tuesday afternoon were B. B. Parks of 170 South Third St.; Genevieve Guthals of San Angelo: H. W. Gebhard of Waco and Dr. Hanes and Glenn A. Deer of El Paso.
$200 Refunded Hanes said Estep later refunded $200 he paid for stock in the company. Deer said he has not received back $100 he Invested.
Deer testified that he asked Estep about becoming the distributor for the atomotor in El Paso “because it looked like a good thing.” He said Estep told him “oil companies would pay 20 or 30 mil
lion dollars for the atomotor because It would save pumping oil out of the ground.”
“Yes, I believed him,” Deer stated under questioning, “I had no reason not to and thought it would be worth risking $100.” Hanes related that Estep had told him he did not want the big companies to ge* the atomotor because he wanted the “little man” to get the benefit of it."
50,000-Mila 041 Hanes quoted Estep as telling him that he had discovered a means of treating lubricating oil atomically so that It could be used in a car for 50,000 miles.
All the witnesses said they would not have invested In the company had they known that Estep would use the money for living expenses, that engineers had told him the atomotor was contrary to scientific principles or that he had oversold the company stock.
24,000 Shares Sold Atomotor Mfg. Co. was authorized to Issue 20,000 shares of stock at $1 per share. Government
See ESTEP, Pg. 5-A, Col. 4
JUST BEFORE BREAK—The Bull Creek diversion dam is nel point shown at lar right. Later a 50-foot section went
shown late Monday afternoon before it broke in two places, out near the north end of the emergency spillway shown
sending flood waters over much of the Diamond M Oil Field, at upper right. The diversion channel to Lake Thomas is
A 100-foot chunk washed out of the dam at the creek chan- shown at left. (Photo courtesy Big Spring Herald)
Dawson County Comes to Life; Workers Needed
LAMESA, AprU 13 (RNS) — Farming business is booming in what used to be dry Dawson County. I
An appeal went out Tuesday. from Dayton Carrell. Texas Em-1 ployment Commission manager here, for 30 to 40 tractor drivers.
Local farm equipment dealers also report a boom in selling and in repairing equipment.
Dawson County this week received an overall average of more than three inches of rain, with the northern part of the county getting as much as nine Inches. It was the first real rain in a number of years.
More Rain Today Oil Field Flooded
McCarthy Declares Action 'Overdue'
PHOENIX, Ariz., AprU 13 üB— Suspension of Dr. J. Robert Op-; penheimer "was long overdue — j it should have been taken years ago," Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis, said today. I
“I think it took considerable courage to suspend the so-called untouchable scientist — Oppenheimer,” McCarthy said In an interview with reporter Wayne Center of radio station KPHO of Phoenix.
"I gave (Atomic Energy Commission Chairman) Strauss credit for that.”
The possibility of more showers Wednesday afternoon and night was forecast for Abilene and vicinity by the U. S. Weather Bureau.
Light rain was falling here Tuesday night and at scattered West Texas points as cloudy weather held on after heavy rains Sunday night and Monday.
Mist began falling at Sweetwater at 7:30 p. rn. Light rain began falling in Abilene at 8;:40.
Rotan got .20 of an inch Monday night and Tuesday afternoon, and San Angelo reported .33 Tuesday. Rotan’s total stood at 3.20, and San Angelo’s at 2.25.
Rains Sunday night and Monday ranged from around 2 inches to an estimated 7 Inches. Southwest of Snyder, piled up rain water burst through an earthen dam and flooded much of the Diamond M Oil Field, an extension of the Kelly-Snyder Field.
The water poured through a 100-foot gap in the Bull Creek diversion dam above Lake Thomas, which furnishes water for Snyder, Big Spring and Odessa.
50 Oil Wells Inundated
At least 50 oil wells were inundated. Some estimates ran as high as 100. I..arge storage tanks that didn’t hold enough oil to anchor them on the ground floated away in the flood. The lake rose about 9H feet.
E. V. Spence, general manager of the Colorado Municipal Water District, which developed the Lake Thomas project, said initial stu
dies had indicated that the trouble may have arisen from a 10-lnch gas line and a 6-inch oil collecting line which were buried underneath the dam.
He theorized that tremendous pressure of the water, as it rose past spillway levels, fingered along the lines until water began to trickle out on the other side of ' the dam. From then on it was j simply a question of time until , the dam went out.
There was such a head of water above the dam. however, that water continued to flow about 8 feet deep through the diversion channel into Lake Thomas while roaring through the l(X)-foot gap and another 56-foot chunk that went out later near the north end of the emergency spillway.
Gaps to Ba Plugged
So far the damage to the dam is not too severe, and Spence said
Woman's Newt ...... . 4
Oil ................ 6
Sports ..........S, 9
Editorioi . 2
Radio A TV logs ........ 5
Comics .......... 5
Ciottified odt........7, t
Form A Markets .....9
that steps will be taken diately to plug the gaps. 1
At noon 'Tuesday Lake Thomas, had risen 9V4 feet, which put thei elevation at 2.226.76 feet and represented a volume of 45.(KX) acre feet of water behind the dam. In-; crease in the lake volume from; the rain is something like 20,(MX) acre feet of water.
1 Spence estimated another 5,000 acre feet may be picked up before the flow ceases, i Snyder will begin to use water ; from the lake in early summer,. and Big Spring will take all its; supply from the lake either in July or August, depending on when its filtration plant addition is com-i pleted. !
The flooded oil wells are on the} southern edge of the Kelley-Snyder field. Joe Pickle, Big Spring newsman and secretary of the water district, reported after flying over ' the area Monday before the dam i went out that water was backed up 15 to 20 miles and a few wells behind the diversion dam were already inundated.
Pickle said the Lake Thomas suffered a major loss because of the break in the Bull Creek diver-: »ion dam. The small dam was built to shift water over into the new lake and the flood water rushed down Bull Creek into the Colorado River below Lake 'rhomaa.
There was no loss of life because people in the area southwest of Snyder could see the break 1 was due and cleared out. j
Help Rushed To Inoculate For Typhoid
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
New heavy rains drenched the waterlogged Rio Grande Valley Tuesday, pouring discomfort on the flooded towns of Donna, Alamo, San Juan and Pharr.
Stagnant flood waters had been standing in this low area of the Valley since a cloudburst Friday oigbt.
A doctor and two nurses from the Texas Public Health Department reached the area to help give typhoid innoculations.
The flood waters have been polluted in much of a 150 - square-mile area by overflowing sewage lines, septic tanks and outhouses.
Elsewhere over much of Texas* drought country drizzles gently caressed land already bathed by four days of good rains.
Rains measuring up to an inch swept south central Hidalgo County shortly after noon Tuesday.
Reports from the area said general flooding conditions prevailed in an area bounded by State Highway 107 on the north between Edinburg and the Edcouch-Elsa communities, Farm 88 between Elsa and Weslaco on the east, U.S. 83 between Weslaco and Pharr on tha south, and U.S. 281 between Pharr and Edinburg on the w'est.
A delayed report from farms south of Pharr said rains totalling six inches fell Monday nighL flooding another rural section between Pharr and the Rio Grande.
Water from a 1-inch rain at McAllen and a 1,5-inch downpour at Pharr about the same time sent another sheet of water crawling slowly eastward along U.S. 83 toward San Juan and Alamo. Both towns are a few feet lower than McAllen and Pharr, and runoff Irom the rams settled m them as if in a bowl.
Drainage was a tremendous problem. Engineers said the only drainage basin available was an 800-acre area between Alamo and Donna, and that already was filed and overflowing.
Conditions were approaching the critical stages faced after the 15-inch cloudbursts following the 1933 hurricane.
Up the Rio Grande at Falcon Dam, engineers reported the lake has risen about 6 feet since Friday. This added some 80,000 acre feet to the lake storage, now' totaling some 310,000 acre leet.
V. ». DKraRT.HCNT O*’ iOMWERCI WE.%THI:B Bl KEAl ABILKNI AND VICINITY - Umlif cloudy »nd mild w«ditesd«r »nd Thursday. PoMibie showtrs Wednesday afternoon and n!*ht. High tcmp-^rature Wednesday rs to W decrees. Law Wednesday night ao High Thursday near 80.
NORTH CENTR.AL TEXAS Partly cloudy with Widely scauered thundershowers; warmer in north Wcdosaiiay. Thursday partly cloudy and warm.
WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy and warmer Wednesday with widely scatiarsd thuitdershowerf. Thurnday pferUy cloudy and not so warm in Panhandle TEMPEBATIRES
Tuet. P Si. 71
75 « •8 •7
» 30 ,
.. 3 3« .. .
...... 8 3« ....
........ « 30 .....
....... 7 38 -------
...... 1:30 . .. .
........ «38 ...... . «•
«4 ..... .. 18:30 ....
8« . . U 38 .
Hlfh and low lamparaturwa for H hours ndad at 8:38 p.m.: 75 and 8«.
High and low temperaturea aams «lata .ait year: 78 and 43.
Sunstl last Bight 7:87 p.w. •uartaa t«-!ay «11 a m. Stuuat toalgbt 7:07 p art. Barometer rsadlng at 0:38 p ». 38 SO. RalaUva humidity at 1.30 p.m. 18%.