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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 13, 1962, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 81ST YEAR, NO. 300 ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 13, J 298 S96I OT H3MVM SVX31 SV11VO 1 3AV 3100 9908 xa oo 631ve s wi i D t w N TWO SECTIONS Auodated Prtm (fl) PAGE This may interest any who's had that sinking feeling which comes, just after you've passed an innocently parked car, as you see up ahead a uniformed patrolman waving his arms in signal for you to stop and chat. County Auditor Herbert Mid- dleton's records show: Last month Merkel's Precinct ft Justice of Peace R. L. Buchan- an had more court "income" than did the two Abilene Jus- tices of Peace put together with the other county JPs thrown in. JP Buchanan turned into the county coffers a total, fines and '.court costs, of JP Silas Clark of Abilene turned in around JP Hen- ry Long of Abilene around JP Rex Reddell of Tus- cola and JP W. C. Mat- thews of Trent. (Taylor JPs get salaries, not fees. All money they collect goes to the county where it's dis- tributed to various funds. Abi- lene JPs, it should be noted, have many more non-traffic cases than do the others.) How come JP Buchanan col- lects so much? A combination of heavy-foot- ed motorists and Department of Public Safety radar seems to be the main reason. How come that combination produces more in JP Buchan- an's court than in the others? Merkel's location about mid- way on Interstate 20's Taylor County route does it. You're eligible for a speed- ing ticket anywhere, but geo- graphical considerations send an unusually large number of Taylor speeders to JP Buchan- an. Since Abilene sits in the northeastern corner of the coun- ty, many adjacent speeding cas- es finS their way into Jones, Shackclford or Callahan justice courts. Trent, too, is near the county's edge. Highways south of Abilene are in such a state to discourage even the most determined speeder. But Mer- kel gets the business. Highway Patrol Capt. George Morahan says he has no ac- curate figures on the percentage of drivers who drive beyond the law but on the average, he re- ports, a radar crew set up on a tempting road for a five-hour shift will haul in some 25 to 50 speeders. Record for local patrol crews is 92 in one five-hour period some years ago on a stretch of U. S. 80 outside Taylor. Very few motorists argue nowadays with the radar and if they do, the debate is for courtroom, not roadside, Capt. Morahan says. The speeding fine is up to the judge from to "Court set by statute, always take a bite. Mid- dleton's records show that for simple, "non-excessive" speed- ing local justices usually stay near the minimum fine, making the total range generally from to But there are on the books some whopper penalties. The JP's levy, however, is just a starter on the punish- ment for speeding. A "convic- tion" sets you up for that much- ly-debated insurance penalty. And there you go. Slow down! Raleigh Brown, a Democratic candidate (along with Don Nor- ris, Pete Johnson, A. C. Kyle and Robert Preston) for Place 2, state representative from Taylor County, was pleased to note his children were out work- ing in his political behalf. Thai's nice, he and wife Mar- garet thought, the children so Interested. A night or two ago they learned something of motives. "Now, one Brown child said, "if you could just he- elected to Place 2 this year maybe next time you could be to Place 1." NEWS INDEX SICTION A 10-U till MWI SICTION I WMMR'I MWI 1, J 4 WVnHVVIW AimMimirtf 10 11 12 PRESIDENT'S SON John F. Kennedy Jr., 1JA, son of President and Mrs. Ken- nedy, poses for his portrait on the White House south grounds Thursday. He was having his airing in his carriage while h is mother conducted the Empress of Iran on a tour of the mansion's grounds. (AP Wirephoto) Three USDA Employes Invited to Estes Inquiry By FINIS MOTHERSHEAD DALLAS (AP) Three men named as Agriculture Department employes received a public invi- .ation from Texas' attorney gen- eral Thursday to tell whether they lad any dealings with Billie Sol Witnesses mentioned the trio at j court of inquiry which probed nto shopping habits of the West Texas grain storage and fertilizer ;ing, obviously in an effort to show Estes courted favor of offi- cials handling the government ;rain program. Testimony identified the men as Dr. James T. Ralph, a former as- sistant secretary of agriculture, and E. E. Jacobs and William E. Morris, both Wash i ri g t o n em >ioyes of the department. "I wish to publicly invite these men and any others named at his hearing to Atty. Gen. Will Wilson said, noting that his office had no authority to subpoe- na them from outside the state. Wilson, who is a candidate in he current Texas governor's race, called attention to testimony .hat Estes visited a Dallas spe- cialty store, Neiman Marcus, last Sept. 8 and again Oct. 25. Sales- men said two men they under- stood were with the Agriculture Department were with him each ime. Hotel records offered at the learing showed Ralph and Morris vere guests here Sept. 8, and that acobs was in Dallas on Oct. 25, he attorney general added. Justice of the Peace Glenn W. Byrd recessed the Dallas hearing indefinitely instead of ordering adjournment. He explained thai bailiffs had been unable to serve a subpoena for James A. Turrifl Jr., identified- as a Dallas em- ploye of the CIT Corp., and Tur- riff would have opportunity to ap- pear later. The CIT Corp. is one of the lending firms from whom Estc: obtained loans for his multi-mil- WEATHER V.3. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU (Weather Map. Page 18-A) ABILENE AND VICINITY (Radius 40 mhes) Clear to partly cloudy anil a little warmer Friday and Saturday. High Friday 75. Low Friday night 50. High Saturday 80. NOR' lay i tTH TEXAS: Clear to partly cloudy and a lit He wanner Fridaj through Saturday. High Friday generally 70s. NORTHWEST TEXAS: Clear to part ly cloudy and a little warmer Fridaj through Saturday. High Friday around 70 north to lower 80s south. SOUTHWEST TEXAS: Fair and a through Friday night TEMPERATURES Thuri a.m. Thiirs. p.m. _ 11.00 HiRh and low for 24-hours ending 9 p.m.: 71 and 41. High and low same date last year; Sunset last night: sunrise today. :12; sunset tonight: Barometer reading at 9 p.m.: 28.38. Humidity at 9 p.m.: 60 per cent. Nurse Minimum Standards Set Texas' largest organized group tif nurses Thursday adopted a set rf minimum employment stand- irds which called for a monthly salary minimum for gen- eral duty nurses. The proposed standards were ]ocaijty_ Mto-TV approved by the board of direc- ors of the Texas Graduate Nurses Assn., which cited figures that some nurses are drawing wages as low as per month in iso iaicd areas of the state. 40-Hour Week Miss Bopnie Ford of Fort Worth, TGNA president, said the standards also include a 40-hour week for nurses with time and a half pay for additional hours worked, a one-day per month sick leave to be accumulated up to 60 days, maternity leaves up to tour months and physical health examinations prior to employ- ment and annually thereafter. The board adopted resolution also seeks to have all hospitals deduct Social Security payments from the nurses' salaries In areas where the practice Is not being (ollaind. Other slortes, Pg. 2-B, 4-B Miss Ford said the respon- sibility for getting employers to adopt the standards will be left in the hands of the nurses in each "If the nurses want to use the standards and organize, then the state association will give them the president said. "But they will have to ask for it." Sectional Discussion Association directors okayed the standards late Thursday aft- ernoon following sectional meet- ings of nurses who discussed the proposal as the first order of business of the three-day TGNA state convention at the Windsor Hotel. Opening meetings of the 54th annual convention had been de- voted to discussion of the stand- trds. Individual vocational nursing groups which approved the stand- ards some with heated floor debate were the nursing serv- NUMR8, Pg. t-A, Cd. I lion-dollar anterprises, now in re ceivership. Wilson has called a series a courts of inquiry under state laws permitting him to probe foi anti-trust law violations. Aides of the attorney general used legal letters of visitation he said, to examine files of Neiman-Marcus and dig out a maze of sales slips introduced at the hearing. He said two men spent a week doing the job. The inquiry Thursday also brought testimony that fertilizer cost the manufacturer, Commer- cial Solvents of New York, to a ton at the plant and was sold to Estes for or more. And one agriculture department employe summoned to the hear- ing was quickly dismissed when he said he was involved in the peanut program of the Commod- ity Credit, Corp. and never met Estes, Texas' top grain storage operator. The USDA employe, Eston E. Dennarti, 5fi, of Dallas, declared he never received gifts from Es- tes. Esles, the Superior Manufactur- ing Co. of Amarillo and three of Superior's officers have been in- dicted on charges of using mort- gages listing anhydrous ammonia fertilizer tanks as security when, says the government, the tanks do not exist. A Neiman Marcus salesman, Bob Watson, testified that on one occasion Estes brought two men into the store. Watsor could say only that he jnderstood Ihe men were agricul- ture department officials, but he could not verify their names or that they were department em- ployes. The salesman was asked if Es- .es paid for the purchases. The witness replied, "No, I don't be- lieve he did. Mr. Estes and Ihe sig man went into one of the fit- ling rooms and when they came out a little bit later the. big man paid me in cash and the amount was Watson said he understood the big man with Estes was named Tacobs or Jacobson and the "oth- er man's name sounded like Den- fian." Recalled later to the stand, Wat- son said Jacobs or Jacobson pur- chased two suits, a sports jacket and two pairs of trousers. The hearing did not bring out the discrepency in the sales totals about which Watson testified. Watson said a second time that he man paid for the clothing in iash after he and Estes were alone in n fitting room, The witness said the store was .old to mail the clothing to Mrs. Ann Campbell, 4500 Con- necticut Ave., Apt. 401, Washing- ton, D. C. nnd the store did. He KflTES, Pg. t-A, Col. U.S. Steel Head Sticks With Hike Whittenburg Says National Issues Vital Any governor who neglects or ignores national issues is derelict, in his duty, Republican guberna- :orial candidate Roy Whittenburgi said here Thursday. "There are state issues which are not national issues, but there are no national issues that are not state issues, and there is much ;hat a governor can do if he's dedicated and alert." Whittenburg, campaigning in Abilene for the third time in recent weeks, made these re- marks in response to criticism by several candidates that he dwelt on nothing but national issues in iis stumping around the state. The Amarillo publisher talked with newsmen after his arrival at Abilene Municipal Airport Thursday afternoon and spoke to he Taylor County Young Republi- cans Club at night. He had cam- paigned earlier in the day at Mid- and. Big Spring and Sweetwater. Friday he flies to Lubbock. Whittenburg said he was confi- dent about his prospects of de- feating Jack Cox of, Breckenridge in the GOP primary election. "I would win the Republican nomination today, but the vote will be more favorable May he old a reporter in the Woolen Mel coffee shop. Whiltenburg called for complete elimination of foreign oil imports, said there would be no re- prisals from the nations from which the U. S. is getting oil, since those nations generally have :ailed to back U. S. foreign policy n the past. But the greatest issue facing America and Texas, said the conservative aspirant, is "dictat- orship and slavery versus states ights and self government." Whittenburg said that the U. S. Sec CANDIDATE, Pg. 2-A, Col. 1 Blough Defends Boost in Price (AT ROGER M. BLOUGH answers President By ARTHUR EVERETT NEW YORK (AP) Chairman Roger M. Blough of the U.S. Steel Corp. refused Thursday to back down on the raise in steel prices, despite its sharp denuncia- tion by President Kennedy. The top executive of the steel industry stood firm, even in the face of a pending federal grand jury investigation of the increase. In Washington, Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy confirmed Blough's report that a grand jury in New i York will look into steel pricing. Blough defended the price boost as noninflationary and as essen- Atty. Gen. Orders Grand Jury Probe WASHINGTON (AP) Atty Gen. Robert F. Kennedy said Thursday night he has ordered a grand jury investigation into the new round of steel price increases Kennedy made the disclosure in response to questions about statement by U.S. Steel Corp Chairman Roger M. Blough that his firm had been subpoenaed be fore a grand jury. A spokesman for the Justice Department issued Kennedy's statement to newsmen several hours after Blough defended U.S. Steel's action in a televised New York news conference. The attorney general's state- ment said the grand jury probing the price rise will be convenec in New York. He did not say attorney general hac when. The watched the first few minutes of Blough's television rebuttal to ad- ministration criticism and had re- fused to comment at that time. His confirmaion that the Jus- ON SCHOOL FUNDS NY Governor, Mayor Agree NEW YORK Nelson Rockefeller and Mayor Robert Wagner agreed Thursday night n a distribution of state school mds to permit settlement of a eachors strike halted earlier in ic day by a court order, Rockefeller said disputed school aid payment be made available, plus an ddilional million the city had ot counted on. Charles Cogen, president of the :nited Federation of Teachers, aid he felt there was now enough mney for a basis of negotiation. The teachers struck the city's 00 public schools Wednesday for ay raises totaling million a ear. The city had offered mil- on and said that was all it could crape up. Involved in the dispute was dis- greement between the Hepubli- an governor and the Democratic nayor about a change in method f paying slate school funds to ic city. This concerned the lillion installment payment. In a joint statement issued aft- r their first known meeting on he issue, Rockefeller nnd Wagner aid they had found "n common iterprctation" of state iiid legis- ation. Cogen declared that whatever ic outcome of a court hearing on ic injunction stopping 'ho strike teachers would not resume The union iclr picketing. "Injunclion or no injunction, this Is gcting 119 into movement" for settlement, Cogcn said. The teachers asked that salar- ies now ranging from to a year be increased to a range of to a yenr. The governor and mayor said their Interpretation of the raw aid- lo-education legislation would million. suit in million due to the city during the 1962-63 school year and the city the right to borrow million and apply it to the current year's school needs. Classrooms returned to normal Thursday when the teachers union bowed to the court order. There was resentment on the port of some of the city's one- million public school children over having to submit anew to the normal educational routine. About boys demonstrated for 10 minutes before entering Stuyvc- sant High School in lower Man- hattan, and there were similar displays of foot-dragging at other schools. However, there was no repeti tion of Wednesday's unrulincss, when thousands of youngsters, relieved of the yoke of discipline, ran wild inside school buildings and rampaged outside on the streets. At the height of the strike Wednesday, half the city's teachers were out, and more than 20 schools were completely closed. Scores of others were unable to hold regular classes for lark of teachers, and had to improvise programs for the students. Republican Gov. Rockefeller's move to enter the school deadlock came as leaders of the striking United Federation of Teachers vented their ire on Democratic Mayor Robert F. Wagner, blam- ing him for failure to meet their wage demands. that a year be increased to a range of to year package. The city claimed t could wrapt up no more than lice Deparment would seek grand jury action in the steel price boosts came after day-long re- ports and speculation that Justice Department lawyers were study- ing possible court action. M antitrust action against "Big Steel" was described as one of several possible moves under re- view as a result of the sudden wave of price increases in the steel industry. President Kennedy's top aides gathered at the White House to survey the possibilities of action in the courts and in Congress. Kennedy, who denounced the price rise initiated by U.S. Steel as "wholly unjustifiable and ir sat in during the last quarter-hour of the 45-minute meeting. The emphasis afterward was on orderly deliberation. Andrew T. Hatcher, assistant White House press secretary, replied in the negative when asked if any direct action can be expected shortly. "These things take Hat- cher said. Hatcher left unanswered a ques- tion as to whether there are any solid reasons for the White House to believe there might yet be a cancellation or rollback of the a-ton rise in steel prices. But in a low-key statement of Kennedy's views, Hatcher told newsmen he thought it safe to say the President would like steel prices to remain as they were when the recent new labor con- tract was signed. Shortly after Hatcher spoke, the National Steel Corp. announced in Pittsburgh it was joining the par- ade to higher prices. The firm announced a increase starting Friday. tial to a healthy national econ- omy. President Kennedy denounced the steel price raise Wednesday as "unjustifiable and irresponsible defiance of the public interest." But Blough told a nationally televised news conference: "There was nothing irresponsible about the action we have taken." Asked if he was surprised by the bitter White House reaction, Blough replied: "I was." U.S. Steel's action in raising steel prices to a ton was fol- lowed by other major producers. Blough's statement and his an- swer to newsmen's questions came as President Kennedy's top aides gathered at the White House to survey possibilities of action in the courts and in the Congress against the S6 steel boost pattern. Kennedy sat in during the last quarter-hour of the 45-minute White House meeting. An aide said the President would like to see a rollback or cancellation of the price increase. But Blough made it plain that any such hope was forlorn. The White House had no com- ment for the time being on U.S. Steel's defense of its price in- rease. Blough revealed that a federal grand jury is looking into the price rise and has subpoened rec- ords of U.S. Steel. He said he him- self has not been summoned by the grand jury. It was the first indication that the government already has moved against Big Steel on the pricing issue. Washington reports had indicated the intended to put executive and con- gressional pressure on the steel companies in the hope of dis- couraging price increases by oth- er firms and industries. Blough defended U.S. Steel's pricing action as overdue, and so modest in scope that it would have little dollars-and-cents effect on the nation's economy. He offered figures to indicate the steel boost would add only to the price of a standard size automobile, 70 cents to a gas range, 35 cents to a washing machine, 65 cents to a refrigerator and only three cents to an electric toaster. The executive declared that stsel prices have remained stable for four years, while industry costs have risen. "Machinery and equipment must be kept up to date or no sales will be made, no work pro- vided, no taxes available and our international competitive position, our balance of payments, our gold reserve and our national growth will seriously suffer." he added. Speaking of international eco- nomic competition, Blough said, See BLOUGH, Pg. 2-A, Col. 3 Newsmen Queried About Interviews The object of the FBI inquiry was a story quoting Martin as saying there should not be an in- crease in steel prices. He de- cu'ned to predict, however, what would happen to steel pricetaifter July 1, when the new labor pact goes into effect. About six hours after talked with the three the only ones to interview him after the stockholders' meeting- United States Steel Corp. in- creased prices about 16 a ton. Bethlehem followed suit Wednes- day, as did most of. the nation's other, major steel President Kennedy, denouncing the steel price increase in anfry terms at his news 'i told them I had nothing to Wednesday, said natal IB- PHILADELPHIA (API-Federal Bureau of Investigation agents roused two newsmen from their sleep early Thursday to question them about their interviews on steel prices with Edmund F. Mar- tin, Bethlehem Steel Corp. presi dent. Associated Press newsman Lee Under was awakened at his home a telephone call at 3 a.m. An hour later, two FBI agents ar- rived, arousing him again with knocks on the door. John Lawrence, a reporter for he Wall Street Journal who was -rc-sc-iit with Linder at Beth- ehem's annual stockholders meet- ng in Wilmington, Del., on Tues- day also was awakened by a .clephohe call from the FBI at said Lawrence, "so they up." A third newsman, James L. Parks Jr. of the Wilmington Eve- were waiting in his office te arrived at a.m. "The FBI rehashed the entire procedure o( gttUaf Uw MM, terview with Martin wMdt stated-though now to miaquoted-Uut then (hwU ba no we totrtttt- Liadw Mid that awakentd ht had ft ;