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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOX SCORE Pearl Harbor Quota April VOL. LXIII, NO. 302. A 2-ii, HEWSPAPtt WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH TOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MORNING ABILENE, MORNING, APBlTia. 1944 -FOURTEEN Prou PRICE FIVE CENTS Planes Hammer Scattered Targets n_jiii..ii WHERE BATTLES RAGE-Arrovvs indicate the areas where the most bitter fighting is found in the Burma-India area. British and Indian forces were reported counter-attacking Car Kohima, while the Allies were said to hold a plains erlookmg Imphal, which has been taken by the Japs. JCuriles Again Site Of Bomb Unloading U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Har- bor, April Paramushiro and Shimushu, Japanese in the North Pacific Kurile islands, were bombed on Tuesday by Ventura search planes of fleet airwing 4, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz announced today. L .These raids were the first reported for April, although J30th fog-shrouded bases wi-re raided six times during March. Marauder Force iaves Coimacles In Bitter Fighf Bj- WILLIAM BONI WITH LT. FORCES IN THE UPPER On the same day, Admiral Nimitz said in .his press re- lease, a single nth Air Force Liberator unloaded bombs at a Kuriles'base less than miles from Tokyo which had been a target for a full-sized Liberator strike the day before. In the.Cenlral Faciftc.-a fleet alr- vring search plane bombed Oroluk al011 east of Truk In the Carolines GEN. STILWELL'S another lift Ulul island. 150 miles' northwest of Truk, and a third dropped incendiary bombs on Pon- MO- GATJNG VALLEY, Burma, April 10 Prom the rugged, jingled ranges to the east of Mo- gaung have come thn first detailed reports of what was nearly a "lost unit" of Merrill's Marauders rescued by another force of their American arms. The relieving unit, under com- mand of Lt. Col. Charles Beach of Cincinnati fought a decisive action north of the village of Nhpum, flighty 15 airline miles northeast of Kamatng. It Is probable that a superior Japanese force which had held Brig. Gen. Frank Merrill's unit surrounded under artillery and mortar fire for eight days original- 0 was dispatched from Kamaing. Heath's infantrymen. In u yard by yard advance, successively blast- ed Japanese strong points and then occupied the mwith the help of ar- tillery dropped from troop carrier planes which swooped so low mey drew small arms fire. evastopol, .Moscow announced last nljht. A simultaneous thrust from the east, has cleared the enemy from all ne Keren peninsula, a communique said, and the speed of the Soviet idvance Indicated thjit the German and Romanian forces In the Crimea me withdrawing swiftly towards Sevastopol, perhaps to attempt to du- ilicate the historic defense which the Russians made under siege there On the mainland, the Red army stormed the Ukraine city of Tlras- 53 miles northwest of Odessa, and Immediately hurdled to the west >ank of the Dniester river; pushed deeper towards the north Romanian 1 fields my capturing Faltlcenl. hastened the encirclement maneuver ralnst Chlsinau In Bessarabia; and squeezed the Skala pocket on the Ukraine front around a ragged remnant of Germans. From April 1 to 10 the Germans west of Skala lost dead eapturtd, white Russian booty Included 187 tanks and stlf-propfllfd guns, declared the Soviet night communique, re- corded by the Soviet mlnfor. Gen. Feodor T. Tolbukhln, In charge of both northern drives, freed more than 150 towns today In his rapid strides toward the big Central Crimean city of Stmerfopol. Simultaneously, Gen. Andrei I. Yeremenko's amphibious army an- nounced freeing of the entire Kerch peninsula, the eastern neck of the Crimea, liberating more than HO towns, killing of the enemy, cap- turing more lhan nnd thrusting to within 18 miles of Feodosiya biggest east Crimean port. German-Romanian forces In the Crimea, the one time "pearl of the Soviet were estimated to number The Germans themselves said in a communique that on the Northern Crimean sector "German troops disengaged themselves fn hard fighting toward positions farther south." In plain lang- uage, they miles in a day. On the Kerch side the German command also acknowledged, "in the course of disengaging movements initiated also on the Kerch peninsula, the town and harbor of Kerch were evacuated" and said heavy fighting was In progress with Russians who pressed strongly forward. On the other fronts, the Invasion of Romania raced ahead with cap- ture of Faltlceni, approximately 40 miles east of the northernmost of Romania's rich oil fields. Urges Federal Aid To Pod-War Idle NEW YORK, April Mobilization Direc- tor James P..Byrnes.proposed tonight a system of federal unemployment benefits, supplementary to state benefits, for workers who lose their jobs when war-boomed industrial ac- tivities slacken. Byrnes advanced this idea in an address to the Academy of Political Science in which Gun Wounds Faial To Jones Farmer STAMFORD, April 12 Funeral for J. P. (Pete) Hokanson, mo 67, of the Erictedalil community tllese: who died Tuesday afternoon of self- Tlle Eovernmen inflicted gun wounds, will be held Friday at 4 p. m. at the Bethel Lutheran church in the Ericksdahl community with the Rev. Hugo B. Haterius, pastor, officiating. Bur- ial will be in the church yard cemetery with Klnney Funeral home in charge. Mr. Hokanson placed a 12-guage single barrel shotgun in his mouth and manipulated the trigger with a yardstick, it was determined at the Inquest conducted by Judge J. F. Lindsey, county attorney, Sheriff Bill Dunwody, Justice of the Peace Jack Bates of Stamlord and C. E. Henderson of Lueders. Born in Sweden, Aug. 19, 1816, he was married to Ida Christina Linde- gren there on July 27. 1901. They came to the United Slates in 1502, settling at Pflugervjlle. Two years later they moved to Jones county from Elgin. Hokaiison was a land- owner and farmer and owned some oil properties. Survivors Include his wife; two sons, Harold and Albin of Avoca; three daughters, Mrs. Edity Peter- son, of Chicago, Mrs. Uuth Strand ot Stamford and Otll Hokanson of the Ericksdahl community; 11 grandchildren; and a sister who lives In Copenhagen, Denmark. Hitler Denies He's Called in Quislings LONDON, Apri; 12 A Ber- lin broadcast said tonight the Ger- man foreign office "categorically denies" a Swiss report that Adolf Hitler had summoned Mussolini, Japanese Ambassador Hiroshl Osh- ima and various Quislings to Bor- chtesgaden for a conference. The Bern newspaper Der Bund said in an article reported to Reu- ters yesterday lhat such a meeting had been called ana that Japan was to be asked what -immediate effective assistance she Is abie to o'fer Germany.'1 Insolvent Bank to Moke Final Payment1 A final dividend payment ot one- eighth of one percent from liquida- tion of assets will be made to claim idders against the Central State Bank of Abilene which was declar- ed Insolvent April 4. 1931, accord- ing to an expartc suit filed in 42nd district court Wednesday. Formerly the creditors had re- ceived 22 percent in the petition said. Liquidated funds at present total about a statement by the Bank- ng commission tald. he reviewed preparations al- ready made for the-switch to a peacetime economy. Among his major points were :nt must close plants whenever thej- are no long- er needed In the war effort. "It will be far belter for he Byrnes estimated that enemy casualties ate almost double those of flic allies. "We expect lo keep them In that he said. Vet named that roads to Berlin and Tokyo are not only lone, but aniUal'tl "al- ready our casualliesTmrtudlng killed, wounded, mlssliif and prisoners, number J73.23S; Unit- ed Kinjdom, and the Soviet republics, said, "to have plants closed now when the employes can find other lobs than to continue operating and later close the plants when em- ployes may not be able to find jobs." 2. The recent report by Bernard M. Baruch and John M. Hancock recommending machinery for speedy termination of contracts and disposal of surpluses has "gone far to dispel the fog of controversy" over these subjects. He said legisla- tion Is needed to carry out the rcc- ommendalions but, meantime the executive department should pro- ceed as far as it can under exist- in? law. 3. Steps have been taken "to protect (he farmers from a re- peUlton" of the widespread bankruplries and foreclosures which followed YAirld I The stabilization net, Byrnes noted, authorizes the Cf.mmod- HT Credit corporation to nuke loans on basic crops at SO ptr cent of parity for two full crop years after the formal termina- tion of hostilities Congress already provided mustering out pay for men and wo- men In the armed services and edu- cational and other benefits have been or will be provided. S. With the end of the war. there should be an end of the wartime system of taxation. Saying "we must delay of the six months u usually requires for Congress to enact a general fax bill. Byrnes dis- closed that aa Interdepartmental committee "Is now working iir.der the direction of the Secretary ot the Treasury upon proposals which he will submit to the Congress at lh" proper time." In recommending federal unem- ployment benefits. Bjrr.es noted there have been for dismissal wsge to discharzed war workers. "However, the dismiss! would bear no exact relallon to iht 'needs of the he said. Balkans Get Heavy Attack From Italy ALLIED HEADQUAR- TERS, Naples, April 12 Flying Fort- resses and Liberators, rising from Italy in great strength for the first time since their important and devastating at- tacks last week against key cities in the Balkans, dropped many tons of bombs today on Messerschmitt plane factories at Wiener Neustadt, south of Vienna, and on nearby branch plants at Bad Voslau and Fischamend Market. Preliminary reports Indicated lhat the German air force opposed the attack, but details on the air bat- tle were not Immediately available. It was the first attack on the fac- tories. Trie assembly plant at Wiener Ncustadt, B'hlch turns out the fast, dangerous ME-109, Is regarded as one of the most important aircraft production centers tn Europe, it was heavily damaged by Italy-bas- ed bo.'nbcrs in a previous raid last November 2, Other Liberator formations today attacked an airfield and railroad yards at Zagreb fn Croatia, while Flying Fortress- es hammered a cement plant Split on the Yugoslav coast. Hschamend Markl Is on the south bank ot the Danube about three miles southeast of Vienna, while Bad Voslau Is on the main road between Vienna and Wiener Kcu- stadt. The entire area Is heavily defended by anti-aircraft batteries. The Germans Increased their shelling ot Allied-held Castle Hill just above the rubbla of Cassrno yesterday, drawing sharp return fire from Allied Rapldo valley. The enemy also made a smell attack against Allied troops defending the hills north'of Casstno but, were Utrown back hard. It was discovered through a dud shell that the.Nazis are employing at least one 230-millimeter (11-Inch) .gun to bombard the Anzlo beach- head. The unexplodcd shell stood over four feet tall. The Nazis also are using artillery to shower Allied troops on the beachhead with propaganda leaf The Weafher U. S. DEPARTMENT or COMMERrr JVEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY: Parlly cloudy, EAST TEXAS: rinljp clouiy WEST TEXAS: with shos Fmii it 'en. t.olrt In r.1 faio aria ttJnoi. TEMrERATL'Rr.S J I Vil. AM Tar.. M II 41 I! n (I IK SI IS 61 76 and llljh TM Turl tl md la in IE Sanriie Ibis rnit Sanitl tftnlEhl: R fll. lo 9 p. TT im( dal( Tail ytjj t.at. WEST TEXAN NABS JAP FLAG-Coast Guardsman EatI M. Forrest, coxswain, of Mundny, exhibits a Japanese flag captured in a recent South Pacific Islam! invasion. flags are considered sacred by the Nipponese and they are inscribed with good wishes from friends in the homeland. Forrest is serving aboard a Coasf Guard-manned transport which engaged in the Marshall Islands conquest. He has participated in four invasions. (Official U. S. Coast Guard Finns Again Reject STOCKHOLM, April Finnish parliament was reliably reported lonight to have given thd government a vote of confidence during the day's second secret.session after Premier Edwin Linkomies outlined the cabinet's vieiv of the latest Russian armistice proposals. By all indications the vote lir I i means'that Finland again liad 44 Seamen Lost In lorpedoing SAN FRANCISCO, April 12 -I.T1 Forty-four officers and men were reported missing and 26 rescued when the Standard Oil Tanker H. D. Collier was torpedoed and sunk by an enemy submarine In the Arabian In mid-March, the 12th Navnl District announced today. The missing Inducted 33 men of the tanker's personnel and 11 mem- bers of Ihe Navy's armed guard. Ten officers and of the tank- er and 16 of the armed gunrd were known to hove been rescued. To Buy Wool WASHINGTON. Apri) 12-W) The War Food administration today directed the Commodity Credit cor- poration to proceed with a DOO.OOO purchase program designed to support prices of domestic wool fronv.thc 1W1 clip. The CCC owned pounds of 1913 wool as of March 11. Say Wounded at 'GOLDEN GAIE IN '48' 112IH CAVALRY SLOGAN By BSICCE FRANCIS Reportcr-Vtwj Staff TEMPLE, April 12 "The Gold- en Gate In Is Ihe slogan of the 112lh cavalry unit which has been on duty in the Pacllic theater almost two years. Several enlisted men from the I12th. but. none from Troop G. former Abilene National Guard mill, have been returned to McCloskey General hospital here. According to men. the mol- to of men In the Pacilic- te. -the Golden Gate In 'K' atitt most, of them are convinced It will take that lor.g to beat the Jap5. Cpl Walter Hawkins. Dallas mem- ber of Troop E. served as spokes- man for the half dozen returned cavalrymen. Hawkins participated In the landings at Arawe. 'Sure, (t was rough but our eas- aJtJtw sere comparatively Hawkins said. "Colonel Grant, our squadron commander, U a real soldier and there's one thin? certain, no one can that he's not a real leader and he have plenty of guts. He's iiriialiy to be found out front when there's fighting to be done." the corporal added. ffawkins and others of the 112th veteran.! knew Capt. Jack Minter and Lt. Landon (Jew) Hill, both Trcop G n-.en from Ac- cording to these men. Captain Min- tcr Is commanding the squadron's siipply nnd service troop. Lieuten- ant Hill has been in a hospital at Brisbane, Australia, but was ready to 50 back to duty when llawkir-s left for the st.itcs. t Abilene boys mentioned by these 112th vcteraas included Sgt. Jack Taylor, son of Mr. and Mrs. Arth- ur Taylor: J. T. Bell, home re- cently after being reported mUsIng In action; Sgt. Charles Dralel. son of Mr. and Mrs. R. W. D.inlcl; Jair.es Mnroney, son of Mr. and Mrs. Maroney, and Babe Meeks, son ot Mr. and Mrs. Mer- vtn Meeks. "YcAh, I knew n lot ot the other boys but. not by names. We Just Yin corporal, or by son-.c Corporal Haw- kins salil. In Abilene that Troop G ts tops. It's the comm.ir.rio Iroop of !b? (he Dallss eorpoial add- ed. rejected the Soviet terms, U. S. Disappointed At Action Taken NEW YORK, April sistant Secretary of State Breckeh- ridge Long, recalling American cf- forU to set Finland to withdrAw from the war, said tonight that Finland "seems unfortunately lo bs choosing a course of action vely different from what we desire." Long spoke at a. forum sponsored by the American Federation of Labor on post-war world prospects. U. S. Foreign policy, he said, must be judged both by its effectiveness In winning the war.and its success in helping to lay Ihe for peace and economic well-being. Long added, "the objective Is not achieved. Finland lj a case tn point." "We have repeatedly made clear to her that responsibility for" ths consequences of continuing her "as- sociation with Nazi Germany must rest solely on the Finnish govern- ment, just as In the case of "Ger- many's other satellites, the respon- sibility for remaining In the war on the side of our principal enemy must rest solely on them." Long, appealing to the conquered peoples to ivoid Internal strife and "use all their energies to resist tho pointed to Yugoslavia, which "has fallen Into divided councils." "Our policy has been to endeavor to bring elements talc suffi- cient harmony so that they can make a common front against common he said. A parallel to the bitter split In' Yugoslavia almost occurred In Greece, he said, but was averted by common effort of the Allies. Long said that this government wishes to help the Invaded countries back on their feet, not to meddle In thc.'r internal affairs. Would-Be Assassin Dies of Peritonitis MEXICO CITY, Antonio de La Lama Rojas. Mexi- can army lieutenant, died of a bul- let wound today, <7 after a bullet from his own pun passed harmlessly through the coat of President Manuel Avila Camacho. The lieutenant was shot In suburban street by a guard who said lie sought to escape custody ter failing in his attempt to assas- sinate the president. A bullet from an army rifle pass- ed through his abdcnwy Peritoni- tis set in last night. Six surgeons nl a military "Anyhow, ycu can tell the people tal tulilely to save the 31. year-old officers' life. President Avl- ila Cam.icho personally had order- I ed the medical attention pos- ;