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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 10, 1962, Abilene, Texas HJbflrw "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron mi- i. 298 OT 6VX3i SVTIVO 81ST YEAR, NO. 297 ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 10, 1962 V 3103 XB 03 S31V6 30IAH3S WIIJOHDIW N TWO SECTIONS Attocitud SOPHIA LOREN voted best actress PAGE ONE PECOS "They're trying to kill the goose that lays the gold- en one Reeves Countian mourned last week over the Bil- lie Sol Estes financial crisis Which has shaken this town. Another Pecos business per- sonality said: "Maybe all this will in' the long run settle our valley down." Pecos, newly enriched the last decade by fabulous irrigated farming, does indeed sound at times like a never-never land. Cotton and truck operations are here big business (or this is three bale to the acre farming. Financial talk lends to run any time into the hundreds of thousands and even the mil- lions of dollars. Talk of lawsuits and mort- gages runs now to those same astounding money figures. The two Pecos banks have formally and publicly announced they would be only slightly af- fected, if affected at all by the crisis. The farm land and the irriga- tion wells are unstirred by the talk. But, even a curlailm.cnl of the Esles operations would be felt in business circles. Pecos had, last census, 728 persons of which an esti- mated 35 lo 50 per cent are Latin American. As estimated no authentic, public report of Ihe exacl num- ber is available 400 persons approximately arc employed by some of the businesses with which Estes is associaled. An estimated 40 farmers in this area are involved in the mortgages for anhydrous am- monia tanks, some of which the federal government charges are not in place on farms for which they were nurchased. Therefore, because of the va- riety of people directly involved in the Estes fortunes, there is fear many others could be af- fected indirectly., such persons as the grocer, (he milkman, Ihe clothing merchant, the landlord. "We might as well laugh as a business woman re- marked. So laugh some Pecos people do at wry jokes they are making, "Come Easter we're not going to hunt Easter eggs. We're go- ing to hunt adhydrous ammonia one said. The oft repeated in the newspapers about Estes' start as a'boy wonder of finance with one ewe lamb inspires wise- cracks: "Billie Sol must have crossed that 'ewe lamb with a jackrab- bit." "One thing you'll have to say. Billie Sol has made us more famous than poor old Judge Roy Bean ever someone remarked. Judge Bean's "Law West of the Pecos" shack has, incidentally, been moved off site to a new one a block MUth of U. S. 80. A new bank building In its old location. Some people, naturally, gloat p bit that they are In no way Involved in the crisis. "I ain't got no farmer was overheard telling other Itrmeri gathered in mo- tel coffofc IfUi't tmki Loren, Schell Top Oscar Winners SANTA MONICA, Calif. Wl Maximilian Schell was named best actor of 1961 by the Motion Picture Academy for his perform- "Judgment at Nurem- ance in berg." Sophia Loren won the best ac-: tress Oscar for her role in "Two Women." The academy chose "West Side Story" as best picture of the year. George Chakiris got the nod for best supporting actor. He played a street gang Side Story." leader in "West The 27-year-old former screen chorus boy accepted his award 'shyly with the comment: "I don't think I'll try to talk loo much. I'll just say thank you very, very much." The best supporting actress award went to Rita Moreno, the sweetheart of the street gangs in "West Side Story." "I can't beleive she gasped, accepting her Oscar. "Good Lord! I think I'll leave you with that." The awards included: Distinctive achievement in doc- umentary production: "Le Ciel et la Boue" (Sky above and inud Ardennes Films and Michael Arthur Film Productions, Rank Film Distribu- tors, Ud Arthur Conn and Rene Lafuite, producers. RITA MORENO, GEORGE CHAKIRlf best supporting actress, actor Short MacManus, John Adams, Inc., Ex-Cell-0 Corp., a Klaeger film production. Frank P. Bibas, pro- ducer. Best achievement in costume design: Black and white "La Dolce Riama Film Production, Astor Pictures, Inc. (Italian) Piero Gherardi. Color Side Mirisch Pictures, Inc. and B and P Enter- prises, Inc. United Artists. Irene Sharaff. Best performance by an actor i a supporting role: George Chakiris, "West Side Mi-; risch Pictures. Inc. and B and P Enterprises, Inc., United Arlists. Live action short subjects: "Seawards the Great Templar Film Studios, Lester A. Schoenfeld Films. Cartoon short subjects: "Ersatz" (The Zagreb Film, Herts-Lion International Corp. Best achievement in cinema- tography: black and white "The Robert Rossen production, 20th Century-Fox. Photographed by Eugen Shuftan. Color Side photographed by Daniel L. Fapp. Best achievement in art di- rection: Black and white films The Harry Horner. Color Side Boris Leven. Set decoration: Black and white Gene Cal- lahan. Color Side Victor Gangelin. Best foreign language film: "Through a Glass A. B. Svensk Filmisdustri Best song: "Moon from: "Breakfast at Jurow-; Shepherd production, Paramount. Music by Henry Mancini. Lyrics by Johnny Mercer. Best on ma- 'terial from another medium: "Judgment at Stan-, ley Kramer production, United Artists. Screenplay by Abby Mann. The cheers were loud and shrill as the film famous strolled up the broad red-carpeted entrance Santa Monica's Civic Auditorium. If intensity of the shrieks was any yardstick, Paul Newman would be the winner. A dozen pickets appeared be- fore the auditorium near sundown, protesting alleged discrimination against Negroes in motion tares. They were arrested on tres- passing charges. MAXIMILIAN SCHELL Oscar for acting Soviets Get Appeal On Nuclear Tests Algerian Attacks Continue Tinstman Favors Combo Elections Cily Manager Robert M. Tinst-jSupreme Court, man said Monday he believed thej The case was the first sewer city and school elections could be leld at the same time at a sav- ngs to taxpayers, provided a change can be made in the city charter. The proposal was discussed in lo a queslion raised at a meeting of the Board of Real- ors of Abilene and West Central Texas at noon Monday in Arthur's Cafeteria. M50 N. 6lh St. In answer lo another question; Tinstman said the cily may have farm case filed against the city as a result of damages caused from the operation of the city's sewage trealment plant. Also during tiie question and answer period, Tinslman .said cily employes should live within the city insofar as possible. He said there might have to be exceptions in the employment of persons with technical knowledge. Tinstman gave a talk on "The Problems of Abilene" at a lunch- NEWS INDEX o purchase more land for instal-jeon attended by aboul 50 mem- ation of secondary facilities atjbers of the real estate group, he sewer farm but that, later, of that land can be resold. He said the W. L. Bailey prop- erty adjacent lo the sewer farm vas purchased at appraisal cost plus legal costs. Tinstman also told realtors lhal :ity officials are giving careful sludy lo the properly tax prob- ems hero. The Bailey land was bought for a price that included the .mount of a damage suit judg- ment recently upheld' by the Stale SECTION A TV Scout 4 Sports 5-7 Obituaries 9 Oil news 11 SECTION B Editorials Women's news Comics Radio-TV log..... Amusements Farm news, markets By MICHAEL GOLDSMITH ALGIERS (AP) Secret army agents slew nine Moslems in the Algiers area Monday. But the ter- rorist campaign against Algerian independence seemed to ebb somewhat. The city's terrorist loll dropped lo less than half the record fig- ures of the past three days, when ,he secret army had stepped up its campaign of slaughter to pro- ,esl the French referendum on Algeria's future. European settlers regarded the i French people's sweeping approv- al Sunday of President Charles do Gaulle's self-determination policy for Algeria with a mixture of re- sentment and indifference. Most of Ihc-m still would like to keep Algeria French at any cost. One secret army source said. "Our fight goes on." But he admitted that Hie cap- lure of ex-Lt. Roger Dcgueldro. a Belgian-born former Nazi offi- cer alleged to have directed ter- rorist activities in the Algiers area, was a heavy blow lo the organization. Degueldre, a deserter from the Foreign Legion, was ar- reslcd in Algiers Saturday and flown to Paris for trial. French authorities in the west- ern Algerian city of Oran sus- pended its tw'o daily newspapers because of pirate editions run off by Ihe secrel army in the news- paper shops. While printers worked at gun- point, the back pages were turned into a sort of poster protesting the referendum in France. Secret army groups of about 40 men each had brought along their own makeup. Police sought to deter- mine whether there was complic- ity on the part of Ihe employes. In Paris, De Gaulle studied the details of the 90 per cent endorse- menl he gol in the Algerian peace referendum and pondered the ad- vantages of calling a new parlia- mentary election or reshuffling the Cabinet. TEST AREA ENLARGED This map, based on one supplied Monday by the Atomic Energy Commission, shows enlar gement of the previously announced pos- sible nuclear weapons test site around Christmas Island, as well as a second area just designated circling Johnston Island. WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU (Weather Map. Pafre 4-B) ABILENE AND VICINITY (Radius 40 miles) Partly cloudy through Wed- nesday with'liltlc change in temperature. LliKh Tuesday 85. Low Tuesday night 55. iRh Wednesday 85. N'ORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Consider- cloudiness Tuesday. Partly cloudy niRht and Wednesday. A little mer north Tuesday. Tuesday AT AMARILLO Court of Inquiry Begins Today in Estes Dealings By FINIS MOTIIERSHEAD AMARILLO Gen. Will Wilson will call his first wit- esses in Amarillo Tuesday in a ourt of inquiry Into the vast rations of Billie Sol Estes. Another such session is schcd- ilod for Wednesday in Plainview. Sightcen persons in Potter and ialc counties have been pocnacd. Wilson is taking the court of nquiry route in an effort to probe wssihlc anti-trust violations financier and his associates sale of anhydroui ammonia liquid and three other mm were ndlctcd by federal grand jury t El Pan for reportedly lending radulent chattel of rtate. TiMiday'i court el Inquiry Related Story, Pg. 9-B be before Judge BUI Adams, op- Judge C.L. Abernathy will pre- side at the Piainvio.w hearing. The attorney general allcyss that anhydrous ammonia has been sold in West Texas at bcloW' sub- cost prices in violation of anti trust laws. In a statement Wilson said: "We have substantial evidence by of violation of the Texas ant! trust laws in the sale by Gstes Enterprises of anhydrous' monia to farmers in West Texas below cost prices, The sale of this fertilizer it closely linked with the Eiles grain storage opera oat lions through the court of in- quiry." The attorney general laid then is a possibility that action will be taken by the state shortly in an effort to "stem financial re- percussions among farmers and other business interests." Among those subpoenaed for Tuesday's hearing are Harold Orr, Ruel Alexander and William H. King, officials of the Superior Manufacturing Co., Amarillo, which has figured prominently in the mortgage probes. Orr and Alexander and Cole- man McSpadden of Lubbcck were indicted with Estcs. Under rules of procedure, a court of inquiry is conducted along lines similar lo those of Houie General Investigations hearings. Wltnenef are tworn In and I. 1M, Cat. 1' SOUTHWEST TEXAS: Farlly dourly ind windy Tuesday throuuh Wedncs lay with widely scattered thundcrshow. _rs east Tuesday. A little eooli'r most sections Tuesday night and Wednesday. "liRh Tuesday 75-fl.l. EXTREME SOUTHWEST TEXAS: Fair o p.irtly cloudy and windy with local blowing dust Tuesday and Tuesday nifiht. Fair Wednesday loeally windy atlernnon. Ixjoally a little cooler north Tuesday and Tuesday niclit not much change in tern- peratnre Wednesday. High Tuesday 80-96. Low Tuesday night TEMFERATUKES 7fl' 50 50 78 48 77 80 47 78 46 74 50 69 54 66 57 Kl fifi Hijjh and low lor 21-hours ending 9 p.m.: 80 and 45, High and low same (late last year: 67 ttnd 38. Sunset last nicht: sunrise today: sunset tonight: Barometer readinjt ab 0 P.m. 27.96. Humidity at 9 p.m. 74 per cent. Joint Space Shot Ready CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) world's first international satellite, devised by the United States and Great Britain, is ready for launching Tuesday before an audience of 80 members of the U.N. Outer Space Committee, In- cluding two Russian delegates. The SB-nation U.N. group is to viow the firing from the central control building. There will be briefings by missile test center and space agency officials it the Project Mercury control center, the Saturn launching pad and the hangar where astronauts prepare lor (light. The United States built the wtt- elllte and provided poww; truck- ing and radio equipment. Unanimous Censures By MILTON of Syrian-Israeli hostilities, UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. calling on both sides to re- -By a vote of 10-0 the U.N. from threats as well as use curity Council Monday force. Israel for a night attack last monlh on a Syrian oulpost appealed to both to coopera.e looking the Sea of Swedish Maj. Gen. Carl C. Only France abstained as Horn, U.N. truce chief, who 11-nation council approved a proposed a U.N. patrol boat lution submitted by the placed in the Sea of Galilee. States and Britain reaffirming area is one of frequent clash- six-year-old directive especially in regard to fishing Israel (or resorting to on both sides. retalialion against her Comay, the Israeli del- denounced Ihe resolution as Armand Berard, the and not calculated to delegate, said the peaceful conditions. JL bolh sides shared for a series of border clashes lhal flared on March 8. The resolulion declared that of 1 Israeli attack the night of 16-17 constituled a flagranl 1 lion of a council resolution of 19, 195B, condemning Israeli dvwiiii tary Soviet Delegate Plalon D. offi- zov said he viewed the see Mohammed Reza Pah- British resolution as an the shah of Iran, as a ruler condemnation of Israel and almost single-handedly, has adoption constituted a a Communist takeover warning to Israel against his country. tions of the Syrian-Israeli official Washington is ready tice extend a full-scale welcome to A U.S. spokesman said outside the council this was going too far, since the council did not vote any-new condemnation but visiting monarch on Wednesday. The shah begins his American visit >n Mew York Tuesday. His three-day state visit begins on Wednesday when he and 'his a previous action. It was obvious that Soviet support of the the empress Farah. fly from New York to Washington to tion came as somewhat of a welcomed by President and prise to the United Kennedy. It will be. the A Syrian resolution asking fourth trip to this country right condemnation was he ascended the Pet- drawn. Mohamcd II Throne In 1MI. council member from the will address Congress Thurs- Arab Republic, objected that tions of the resolution put a country of Jd million Syria and Israel on an equal It an Important Hak to ing as far as aggression was chain of of the aMi- cerned, but In Ihe end he alliance ijnteim. for nwki lor O- The resolution contained graph deploring the lltett wMi KoMtfy. It to M Danger Section Enlarged By LEWIS GULICK WASHINGTON (API-President Kennedy and British Prime Min- ister Harold Macmillan have agreed on a public statement jus- tiiying anew U.S. resumption of nuclear tests in the air, informed sources said Monday night. It is anticipated that the joint declaration will be issued Tues- day and will offer Soviet Premier Khrushchev a last chance to halt the tests by reversing his stand against a cheat-proof nuclear test- ban treaty. Officials here saw virtually no hope that Khrushchev would alter his position but felt the statement would impress the world anew that the West is sincerely anxious to avoid the new tests, if it could be done on a basis compati- ble with national security. The tests are scheduled to start late this month and will be car- ried out in two mid-Pacific test areas. The assistant White House press secretary, Andrew Hatcher, scheduled a briefing for newsmen on an international subject for Tuesday at a.m. Hatcher declined to specify the nature of the announcement but did tell a questioner that "reports originating in London to the effect that such a message is under con- eralion and being weighed by jPrime Minister Macmillan and President Kennedy are true." The London reports spoke of a Kennedy-Macmillan appeal to Khrushchev to help stave, off re- sumption of atmospheric tests. Washington sources said, how- ever, that the Western statement would not be a message sent per- sonally to Khrushchev but. would outline in detail the reasons, for going ahead with the weapons tests. Kennedy and Macmillan h'ave See TESTS, Pg. 10-A, Col. in U.S. expected that the monarek will come up with specific rtqwamfor more aid.. Washington is planning to sist Iran in its next economic de. vclopment program with a re- ported WOO million required In foreign exchanges. Iran has re- ceived from the United Statw economic and military aid in the neighborhood of billion I960. However, the shah is experted to tell Kenitedy some he if five won He military such aid to to quate. He hat comtoiMd he novcr muck (ortncemiac year. Thu hM HOT irrtttt hih eapeciaOr atai Ml ;