Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 10, 1954, Abilene, Texas
®fje ^Mene 3^cporter
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIII, NO. 298
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 10. 1954 —EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY IQc
RESISTS EVICTION—Althou|h badly outnumbered, Chris Ziegenhardt, 75, resisted eviction to the end and had to be carried from his farm home near Lapeer, Mich., by sheriffs deputies. Chris and his brother, Paul, 73, had been defying Michigan courts for three years in a long fight over insurance assessments following the collapse of an insurance firm.
Subversives Bill Nears Agreement
AUSTIN, AprU 9 (iP—House and Senate conferees on a bill to outlaw Communists and other subversives in Texas were reported near agreement today after the measure had bogged down earlier in the Senate.
The Senate had refused to concur in House changes after an explosive word battle involving several lawmakers. Sen. Rogers Kelley,
Edinburg, sponsor of the Senate bill, heatedly urged acceptance.
The House passed and sent to the Senate a measure appropriating $145,740 to establish a system of paid local parole supervisors.
It is one of the appropriation bills threatened by a Senate committee delay but its sponsors hoped the roadblock on it could be broken Federal Judge Joseph B. Dooley
before the special session ends, -uied Friday against transferring Both houses worked fast on doz- the cases of Abilenians charged ens of measures, trying to beat 1 with frauds from Lubbock to Abi-the deadline as the 30-day special lene.
Thailand Accepts Bid To Join Anti-Red Bloc
FOR FRAUD TRIALS
Aiblenians Denied Change of Venue
Latimer Withdraws Court-at-Law Bill
Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, April 9. — Rep. Truett LaÜmer late Friday “pulled down’’ a bill which would have created a court-at-law in Taylor County.
The Abilene Bar Association had recommended that the second court be created to handle all but probate matters.
Rep. Latimer withdrew’ the bill Friday, after it had been reported
JUDGE ASKS RECALL
favorably from committee, when he received conflicting calls from Taylor County officials on whether the commission has actually approved the court.
He said he would wait about the bill until next session and give the county Commissioners Court time to work out its differences.
“This is a matter for the county to decide, not the Lvgl&latare, since the court w’ould be paid for by the county,” Latimer said.
session neared its Tuesday finale.
Many spending measures authorized by Gov. Shivers’ submission of 17 new legislative topics were stalled after Sen, Jimmy Phillips, Angelton, demanded public hearings on them. Strict session-end
However, he left the door open for further efforts toward a change of venue.
His ruling came in an opinion issued at Fort Worth where, on Wednesday, he heard arguments on a motion submitted by Defense At-
rules threatened to kill these meas ♦ orney Davis Scarborough, ures. Scarborough is representing nine
But a previous threat to bills 22 Abilenians charged with
creating 10 new district courts and another to extend temporary courts for two years faded. Separate j
naking fraudulent statements in ob-aining VA housing loans. The indictments were sent to Lubbock
measures providing the courts have now been passed by the House and Senate in one form or another and Ranees of final approval looked good.
The Senate recessed until Monday but the House locked Its members in to hold a quorum and choped steadily at its calendar.
The special session has finished
See SUBVERSIVES, Pg 2A, Col 4-5
Officials Buck Over Cost of New Couri
U. I. Sends French More Technicians
j and Scarborough is seeking to have their trials moved to Abilene.
Judge Points to Rule
He submitted the motion under Rule 21b of the federal rules of criminal procedure. This provides for a change of venue in criminal cases in the interest of justice and obtaining fair trails for the defendants.
Judge Dooley’s opinion suggested that the motion should have been submitted under Rule 19. This provides for the transfer of criminal cases within a court district if the defendant consents.
Both Abilene and Lubbock are within the northern district of Texas in U. S. Court. But they are in separate divisions of the district, Lubbock being served by Judge Doqley and Abilene by Judge T.
County Judge Reed Ingalsbe Friday night asked Rep. Truett Latimer to withdraw from the House a bill for creation by the Texas Legislature of a court-at-law' for Taylor County.
The request was made after opposition to the creation of the court w'as voiced by county commissioners Friday.
Judge Ingalsbe. who talked with Latimer at Austin by phone about 8 p.m., said he was asking that the bill be recalled “because I’m unwilling to involve Rep. Latimer ■nd Sen. Harley Sadler in a controversy In an election year.” Ingalsbe said commissioners told him they thought the court would cost too much. He said he plans to call a meeting of everyone concerned after the special session of the Legislature to iron out the controversy.
Commissioners Flayed “I’m very unwilling to do it (recall the bill), but if my commissioners are blind to the needs of the community I don’t have any other choice.”
“Frankly, it seems to me that the commissioners are not thinking in a progressive manner. The whole thing of it is, I don’t think the commissioners fully understand the growth of the community. We’re just not in the horse and buggy age any more, and we have just got to think ahead and meet the demands of progress. Either that or die on the vine.
“There Isn’t any question in my mind but what it has to come. It is just a question of when.” Commissioner Rufe Tittle of Merkel said, “If I knew it was really neces.sary I would be for it, but at the present time I’m not for it. One of the reasons is it would fake quite a bit of money to get the thing Into operation and we don’t have the money to do that at the present. I don’t think the demand is great enough for the •xpense on it.”
Against Expent* Commissioner J. 'T. <Jake) Mc-Millon of Lawn, said he was not in favor of the court as it stood with an estimated cost of $10,000. “I don’t think that would be all of the expen.se. 1 don’t see how it could get by with that small expense.”
Commissioner Floyd Tate of Buffalo Gap said the cost was a little bigger than he thought it would be and added that he wanted to look into the matter further.
Commissioner Claude Newberry of Abilene, couldn’t be contacted Friday night, but Ingalsbe said as far as he knew every member of the commission was opposed to the creation of the court.
Ingal^ said, “The commissioners have previously indicated to me their approval of a court - at -law, with the exception of Tittle, who said he wanted to reserve judgment on it pending further •tudy.*’
Ingalsbe said that he had told the commissioners that IIO.IXK)
pense of such a court, but he thought $8,500 would be sufficient.
“This amount would be made up by increased efficiency of the court,” Ingalsbe said. “The only expense connected with the new court would be salaries of the judge, about $5,500, and of the secretary, about $2,000.
Judge Ingalsbe stated that he couldn't continue to set 8 to 10 cases for trial each day and maintain the efficiency of his court.
“The administrative duties have grown to the point where they have become a full-time job itself.”
Women's news .......... 4
Sports ............... 4-7
Oil news ............... ®
Editoriois .............. 2
Comics ......... 3
Radio It TV log..........B
Abilene High Actors Grab Top Honors
Abilene High School took top honors in the Interscholastic League AA District one-act play contest Friday night at Behrens Chapel at Hardin - Simmons University.
Eight of the 10 actors and ac-tre.sses awards also went to Abilene students.
Best actor award* was presented to Don Drennan while Mary Ellen Duke was awarded the best actress award.
Other play rankings were San Angelo High School, second. Brown-wood third, Snyder fourth, and Sweetwater fifth.
Awards to the following AHS stu-dent.s: Gene Engle second, Lynn Todd third, Stanley Wiggins fourth, and Mark Touchstone and Jack Hurt tied for fifth.
In the actress division Jackie Duncan of Abilene was judged secr ond, and Regina Cook also of Abilene was third.
The other two actress awards were won by Charlotte Smith of Brownwood. fourth: and Blair
Drake of San Angelo, fifth.
Abilene’s play was entitled “The Wind Is Ninety” and it was directed by Ernest Sublett, AHS drama teacher.
Judges were Prof. Ronald Sch-ultz of Texas Tech, Mrs. Ann Hart McGraw. director of the Lubbock Little Theatre, and Robert Nail, playwright, and director of Fort
By ROBERT S. ALLEN Post - Hall Syndicate
WASHINGTON. April 9. — The U. S. is sending several hundred additional Air Force technicians to Indo-China.
Approximately half of them are being rushed there from Japan. The remainder will be flown from the U. S.
All are volunteers — as were the mechanics who were sent to the aid of the desperately pressed French several months ago.
President Eisenhower authorized the new reinforcements on the recommendation of Admiral Radford.
The head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff also urged sending the original detail of technicians. Radford favors giving the French combat aid in the form of American Air and Naval units.
The President has not approved doing that as yet.
But this far - reaching step has been privately discussed with Republican and Democratic leaders of Congress. It was first broached to them by Secretary of State Dulles and Admiral Radford at a meeting last Saturday afternoon. Since then, other talks have been held on this matter.
Some of the legislative leaders have voiced strong disapproval of Involving U. S. fighting forces in the eight-year-old Indo - Chinese conflict.
The latest detail of Air Force technicians is being sent in response to a new urgent plea from the French. They have asked for 50 more bombers and the personnel and supplies to maintain them. The French have also asked for U. S. jet pilots and fighter planes. The additional bombers and technicians have been approved, but no action has been taken on the other request.
The French stressed the need for additional air technicians in order to Increase the number of hours that planes can be kept in the air.
Scarborough based his argument for the transfer on the right of the defendants to be tried in the court nearest their homes.
Change Opposed Government attorneys opposed the change of venue on grounds that the alleged offenses occurred in Lubbock. U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Floore said that all of the Abilene transactions Involved in obtaining the loans were purely pritate matters until placed in the hands of government officials at Lubbock,
Another objection by the government was that transferring part of the cases to Abilene would necessitate severance of the indictments. Some of the nine indictments name Scarborough’s clients along with others whom he does not represent.
To meet this objection Scarborough, after conclusion of the hearing in Fort Worth, requested Judge Dooley to withhold his ruling to allow time to contact the Abilene defendants whom he does not represent. He said he would ask them to join with his clients in seeking a t-«nsfer for all of the Abilene residents.
Scarborough said Friday afternoon that the only one of these he has contacted agreed to this action. She is Mrs. Bernice O’Neal who was living in Bellalre (a aub-urb of Houston) when the Indictments were returned.
FOR MIDLAND, ECTOR
Wheels Grind Fast; New Court Created
Dulles Pushing Asia Unity Pact
WASHINGTON, April 9 (/P)—Thailand accepted an American bid to forge a 10-nation “united front” in Southeast Asia today as Secretary of State Dulles arranged to fly to Europe to persuade Britain and France to join.
The State Department formally announced Thailand’s acceptance—the first since Dulles publicly called 12 days ago for “united action” to check Communist aggression in the Indochina region.
The announcement appeared to be an obvious move to strengthen Dulles’ hand before he meets Monday in London With Prime Minister Churchill and with French Premier Joseph Laniel in Paris for a two-day conference beginning Tuesday.
INDICTED — Publisher H. M. Greenspun of the Las Vegas, Nev., Sun commented “we were just performing our duty to our readers,” when informed in Ix>s Angeles that he had been indicted by a Federal Grand Jury in Las Vegas, The Indictment charges he mailed copies of his newspaper containing an article on Sen. McCarthy which tended to “incite arson, murder or assassination.”
jcar would taka caro oí the ox- Griffin Fandanglt tt Albany.
You os 0 foxpaytr ore paying for 70% of the Indo-Chinese war. WHY? What's it oil about? Twelve informative story-stripi present o timely study of Indo-Chino's port in the destinies of Southeost Asio ond what it meons to the U. S Wotch for "INDO-CHINA-the WoHd'e Oldest Wor"-
SUNDAY In The REPORTER-NEWS
By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTLN, April 9. — When the legislative wheels start rolling they can really grind fast.
In less than five hours Friday they ground out a new court for Midland and Ector counties. All that’s needed now is the governor’s signature.
It appears that nine other district courts will be created despite an attempted roadblock by Sen. Dorsey Hardeman of San Angelo.
“Early Friday morning Hardeman "tagged” a package bill creating 10 new district courts in the state. That meant 48-hour notice had to be given of public hearing on the bill, which would have thrown it too late for action in this called session.
Single Shot Bills Drafted
Immediately members from Dallas, Houston, East Texas, the Valley, Rep, W. G. Kirklin of Odessa and Hulon Brown of Midland went to work drafting new “single-shot” bills, each creating a court. They wanted to do in pieces what Hardeman had blocked as a whole.
The senator said he opposed the package deal l>ecause judges who aren’t busy could be assigned to congested courts, because of a mandatory four to six weeks vacation provided in the package bill (this was taken out of the singleshot bills) and because the courts would come into being in Septem her. thus making the judge and district attorney appointive for the full two years each of the “tern porary” courts will exist — unless made permanent.
When the first single-shot bills hit the Senate Judicial District Committee, of which Hardeman is not a member, he was unaware and three of them passed by without his demand for public hearing. Since those three were out of committee, he said he would not tag the others.
The bills sailed through with
More from Austin on Page 3-A
Eastland Singing Meet Opens Tonight
EASTLAND, April 9. (RNS) — The Annual Eastland County Singing Convention will get underway in Eastland Saturday night and will be held all day Sunday. Many outstanding singing groups are expected to attend the event.
The Singing Convention Is held each year on the second Sunday in April. Singing groups from all over the state attend the event. A score of area singing groups are expected to be present.
Tye to Discuss Incorporofion
Residents of the Tye community will meet Tuesday at 8 p. m. in the school there to discuss incorporating the town and extending the city limits of the townsite.
The Rev. Temple Lewis, Tye Bapist pastor, wiU be moderator at tha diacusilon.
only a few scattered “no” votes, including Hardeman’s.
Here’s the Timing
The timing was fast. Here’s tha pace of the Midland-Ector bill.
10:30 a.m. — Reps. Hulon Brown of Midland and W. G. Kirklin of Odessa learned the package bill including their court was blocked. They put stenographers to work copying a single-shot bill they had ready and took the required three copies to Sen. J. T. Rutherford of Odessa.
2:30 p.m. — Rutherford Introduced the court bill. It went to committee, then passed second and third readings on the floor.
4:00 — Senate passed Ector-Midland bill.
(In the meantime, Kirklin and Brown were pushing a twin bill through the cluttered House.)
4:30 — Senate bill went to engrossing room where It was copied and proofed.
6:45 — Sen. Rutherford delivered it in person to the House.
6:48 — Kirklin and Brown got committee approval of Senate bill.
7:05 — House began consideration of bill.
7:07 — Rules suspended requiring reading on three separate days and bill finally passed.
The bill provides that a new district court will serve Midland County, It has a two-year life. The 70th District will serve Ector only during those two years.
Nose-Punch Oiler Topped By Sergeant
BALTIMORE. AprU 9 im — A World War II master sergeant ta-night offered $200 to the first man who would punch the nose of a retired general who got Into the argument over alleged Army coddling of Pvt. G. David Schine.
Maj, Gen. Arthur R. W’ilson (retired) had sent a certified check for $100 to the commanding general at Ft. Dlx, N.J. offering It as a reward to the first noncommissioned officer who would punch Schine’s nose. The offer was rejected by the Army.
After reading the story tonight,
William Pongratz, 61-year-old employe of the Baltimore and Ohio security
V. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BL’REAV ABILENE AND VIClNITy — Partly Cloudy, warm and windy Saturday, turn-in* cooler late Saturday afternoon with thunlerihowera likely. Partly cloudy and cool Sunday. High temperature Saturday »0 degree! Low S«turday night S«. High Sunday In the 70a.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS; ParUy
cloudy through Sunday; a UtUe warmer Saturday, not ao warm Sunday.
WEST TEXAS; Moctly cloudy through Sunday: not ao warm In Panhandle Sunday.
EAST TEXAS. Moetly cloudy and warmer with ecattered ahowera and thunder-Bhowera Saturday; Sunday, partly cloudy and mild: acattered ahowera near the coast in the morning strong coutheasl
and south winds on ths coast.
SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS; Partly
cloudy and warmer Saturday; acattered showers In northwest early Sunday; fresh to TocaUy strong southeast and aouth winds on the coast
TEMrERATURKS rn. AM, Fr. PM
M ............ 1 30 ............ 7«
M ............ a 30 ........... 71
»4 ............ 3 30 81
53 ............ 4 30 ............ tl
84 ............ i 30 ............ 80
58 ............ 8:30 79
88 ............ 7 30 ............ 78
62 ............ 8 30 73
6« ............ 8 30 ............ 70
71 ............ 10 30 ............ ,
78 ............ n 30 .. _________
78 12 30 .........
High and low tempersturve for 34 boura ended at 6:3u pm.; 83 and 53 High and low temperatures aamt date last year; II and 88 Sunset last night 7:08 p m. SunrlM today 8 17 a.m. Sunset tonight 7:08 p.m. Barometer reading at 8:30 p m. 38.8. XaUUva humtditg M •:)<> p m. S7%,
Railroad, phoned The As.sociated Press to make a counter-offer.
“I will give $200 to the first man who will sock the major general on the nose, and it doesn’t have to be a noncom,” Pongratz said.
“This whole thing Is outrageous.” he added. “I saw so much favoritism during two world w'ars, so many cases handled against regulations. Why pick on this one man?”
Schine, a wealthy former Investigator for the subcommittee of Sen, McCarthy (R-Wis), is now stationed at Camp Gordon, Ga.
Army officials have said that Roy Cohn, counsel to the McCarthy committee, demanded special fa-favors for Schine while the latter was undergoing basic training at Ft. Dix, N.J. The charges, denied by Cohn, are to be Investigated by the McCarthy subcommittee.
Wilson, who is in Frankfurt. Germany on a business trip, said of the controversy today: “It is a heU of a note when the Army gets itself into a fix where a private can tell the gencralj In the Pentagon what to do.
There were continuing
hints from some leaders in Con-gres.s, meanwhile, that foreign aid might depend on how nations!
abroad treat the Dulles proposal.;
Sen. Bridges (R-NH), chairman of the S e n a te Appropriations Committee, called for a new look at the foreign aid program in the light of the Indochina crisis and other current problems.
Bridges told reporters at the
White House, after a breakfast with Eisenhower, that he’s In favor of continuing aid to those countries willing to join the United States “in action and not mere words” to halt Communist aggression.
He said he was giving his own ; views, not the President’s, adding that Elsenhower did not discuss Indochina or foreign aid in any detail at their meeting.
Encouraged by the prompt response from 'Thailand, a neighbor to Red-threatened Indochina, the State Department said DuUes ‘‘expressed his gratifiration” to Thai Ambassador Pote Serasin when he pre*ented his government’s anawer late this afternoon.
In reporting this, the State Department for the first time disclosed officially that Dulles has issued “Invitations” to join the 10-nation anti-Communist bloc. A State Department official refused to say when these formal bids went out hut saM thev were mad? “on behalf of the government of the United States.”
Despite Thailand’s acceptance, the success of Dulles’ plan for swift joint action appeared to rest on whether the secretary, by personal diplomacy, could soften British and French reluctance to go along before talks with Russia and Red China at Geneva April 26.
Both governments, according to dispatches from London and Paris, believe any such anti-Ommunist arrangement or warning
WTU Accepts Ripley & Co. Bid on Stock
declaration would jeopardize whatever slim chances remain for china peace at Geneva.
West Texas Utilities Co. has accepted the »id from Harrlman Ripley & Co. and associates of New York for the underwriting of its 60.000-share ($6 million) issue of new preferred stock, $100 par, Price Campbell, WTU president, said Friday night.
Campbell said the Harrlman Ripley group lowest of five bidder« named an offering price of $105 a share for stock with a $4.40 dividend, less an underwriting compensation of $2.25 a share.
A total of 47,370 shares of th« new senior equity issue will be offered on an exchange basis to holders of the utility’s $6 no par preferred stock. The other 12.630 shares will be put on the public market by the underwriters, alsc at $105 a share.
WTU will call for retirement on May 24 of any shares of the present $6 issue unexchanged at the close of the offering period on April 19. The redemption price for this stock is $110 a share and the holders making the exchange will receive a cash adjustment.
The underwriters agreement was signed by Campbell in Chicago Thursday.
Campbell reported that of the 47,-370 shares offered on an exchange basis to holders of the utility’s $9 par preferred stock that 62 per cent of the stock was in Texas and that 65 per cent of the holders were also in Texas.
"We are going to try to keep this stock in Texas,” he said.
SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS
Sunday will be a good day to read—The Abilene Reporter-News!
There’ll be a story about an Abilenian who is a movie producer in Hollywood. Do you know him? There’ll be stories about what church people, college students and businessmen are doing.
There’ll be—even—a story about the boys and men In the Taylor County jail. All these stories can be found ONLY in The Reporter-News.
There’ll be many of these exclusive stories—stories like the feature-and-pictures combination Margaret Bouriand has produced. Her stories and pictures on area librariea started by women’s organizations will be in the Women’s Department Sunday.
So let’s make it a date Sunday, ok?
'Unrealistic' Benson Given More Form FundsThonAsked
WASHINGTON. April 9 (fL_The House Appropriations Committee accused Secretary Benson’s Agriculture Department of a “breach of faith” and "arbitrary and unrealistic” actions today and then voted It more funds than It had requested.
The committee took Issue with the department’s plans to shift spending emphasis from “action programs” to research and extension activities, and declared it is for Congress to determine the scope of the various departmental programs.
It voted the department 1698,-741,813 In cash and $320.500.00 in loan authority for the fiscal year starUng July 1. I’his is the exact amount of cash requested but an increase of 45 million over the amount sought in loan authority.
Appropriations for the current year ran about 36 million more in cash and 64 million more in loan authorizations.
The bill, which was sent to the House Fluor for debate next Moo-
day, cut some of the projects in the over-all farm program and recommended that the savings be added to the school lunch program.
The department had proposed reductions In funds for the Forest Service, the Soil Conservation Rural Electrification Administration, Farmers Home Administration, school lunches, and for disease and pest control work.
The committee said many of the department’s proposed cuts were made on ‘‘an arbitrary and unrealistic basis.”
It also described as “arbitrary” Benson’s freexing of funds for some of the “action programs” last fall, only a few months after the department had pleaded with Congress for even more money than was finally voted.
Labelling this a breach of faith, the committee said the intent of Congress should not be thwarted by freezing appropriated funds.
While approving about 30 per cent of the increase proposed for state experiment stations and over 45 per cent of the increase sought
for the extension service, the committee rejected the department’« proposal to eliminate funds fotr indemnity payments for livestock destroyed in connection with tuberculosis and Bangs disease control programs.
The committee authorized the entire 250 millions requested for the conservation program for the 1955 crop year. ’The money to finance this authorization, Rhich includes soil conservation payments. uiU be provided in next year’s appropriation bill.
The S^Wi-miUioK-dollar loan authority recommended includes 179 million for the Rural Electrification Administration and 145 miUlon for the Farmers Home Administration. The REA authorization consists of 100 miiliOB for electrification loans and 75 miUioa for telephone loans.
The Farmer* Home Adminiatr«-tion makes loans for production and subsistence. land purchase, firm Improvements, water supply improvements and emergency yio*-pose«.