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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 9, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor $16,679,681.25 *kpril Quota    $    231,700.00 Apsil Sales    $    36,587.25 ie Abilene Reporter SUNDAY WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKI I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES'-Bvm VOL. LXIII, NO. 298. A TEXAS 2mU, NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 9, 1944 —THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) United Press /U P.)PRICE FIVE CENTS Allies Wonder How Reds Move So Fast in Campaign By WES GALLAGHER LONDON. April 8—(/Pi—American and British1 generals planning the invasion of Western Europe would like to know how the Russians are able to move so fast against the Germans, and would like to be permitted by Moscow to study the problem first hand. The speed of the Russian advance is    as much    a puzzle    to American and British military leaders as to the man in the street, and thus they are lacking information which might aid the forthcoming assault on Hitler’s western wall. The chief problem in western front preparations is supply, and the Allies—and undoubtedly the Germans too—would like to know how the Red army is able to    maintain    its    supply system over hundreds of miles of devastated    land to keep    pace    with the swift advance of its forces. The Russians have been reluctant to pennit Allied military observers or newspapermen to go to the front, and Allied supply generals, who frankly admit they are puzzled, wish Moscow would permit observers free access to the eastern fighting sector so they could study the Russian solution to the problem. “It is a source of constant amazement how the Russians are able to go on week after week,'’ said one American general, who has handled supplies ii) Africa, Italy as well as England. "It is something we would like to be able to study at first hand.” It is significant that the Allies were stymied in the supply race In February 1943, by the mud In Tunisia, and this winter by the mud in Italy, while the Russians have been able to move through the mud of the Ukraine without great difficulty. It is significant, too, that the Germans, whose military efficiency is considered the best in the world, bogged down in Russia’s mud. One answer to Russia’s supply successes is the low military scales the Russians have worked out for their army — hi other words, the number of tons per day needed to supply a division. The German scale is estimated at an average of 250 tons per day. The Russian Seale is believed at least ttiis low, and perhaps lower. "Tilev just don’t wait for the change of underwear,” one three-star general stated. The American supply scale per division Is roughly a third or more ! higher than the Germans. But while the Russians can economize on foodstuffs and comforts, they still face the problem of feeding the insatiable maw of their guns. This is further complicated by the fact the Red army is using not only their own guns, but those received from the British and Americans and captured from the Germans as well. One Allied theory is that the Red army has a brilliant supply genius who concentrated on several key routes leading across the Russian steppes. Every effort w-as made to keep these roads in condition, and trucks which arrived from America and Britain by the tens of thousands were driven 24 hours daily until they were worn out. Nothing is allowed to interfere with supplies and tile men engaged in this work labor around the clock until they can go no more. The American and British supply problem on the continent Is tremendously complicated by the plan to feed and otherwise aid the population in liberated areas as soon as possible. It is believed that Russia concentrates all efforts on the army, leaving the civilian populace to shift for Itself. Order Men 26, Over, Deferred 'Gains at Beachhead ‘Scored by Americans * ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, April 8 —(AP)— An American combat patrol blasting its way forward with hand grenades into an improved position northwest of'Padi-glione on the Anzio beachhead gave the Allied battlefront .forces their first gain today in about two weeks, and provided the first really pleasant news from that shell-swept area in many davs.    |- ;-- FDR lakes Hand In Demo Peace There was no tendency here to place undue significance on this action, which was merely #a local improvement of position, but it w^s the first successfully aggressive Allied ground action since the great attack upon Cassino to the gwest bogged down in failure. *    Allied airmen continued harrmer- lng at Nazi supply lines, flying 1,« 700 sol';its Friday and downing 31 enemy airplanes. Paciiglione is in the center sector of the beachhead. 9    Beyond this encounter, there was Rgt. I.. ( . Bratton Jr., of Clyde, brought down a Nazi plane on the Ploesti raid, it was announced yesterday. Lt. Howell E. Dougiitery of San 4    Angelo got his third plane on his fourth mission, in a raid over Italy. little important activity on the sunbathed Italian front. The Germans showed no signs of moving from {^their defensive positions, anc! patrols moved back and forth between the two lines from the Adriatic to the beachhead. Occasional shells kicked up the dust in Cassino, and there was con-. «iderable shelling along the Garig-wliano river. Guns dueled also on the Anzio beachhead. Headquarters disclosed that the German 7th air force battalion had returned to action on the beachhead. This unit, composed of military offenders given the chance to redeem themselves as ground troops, once was 328 strong, and received 80 replacements, hut now numbers only 200 through a casualties. A British destroyer fired on Nazi beachhead positions last Tuesday, and the next night ti. S. and British light coastal craft sank a German E-boat and damaged a flak «phip which later blew up, between Elba and Leghorn. WASHINGTON, April 8-//P) -President Roosevelt personally has taken a hand in efforts to unite the Democratic party in this yea.**, political campaign by writing Sen. Guy M. Gillette (D-Iowa), a target of the unsuccessful 1938 purge, congratulating the Iowan on his de-ciso ntio seek re-election to the Senate. While Democratic national com. mittee leaders this year have made every effort to heal the wounds caused by the President’s opposition six years ago to party members who did not go along with him, this apparently was the first instance in which Mr. Roosevelt himself has taken the initiative in the movement. Gillette declined to affirm or deny receipt of ttft letter, but some of his colleagues described the missive as a cordial note addressed to "Dear Guy.” In it. the President congratulated Gillette on the latter’s reluctant deci^on to be a candidate again, expressing the conviction that not only Iowa-but the nation needs men of Gillette’s caliber in the Senate. German Troops Hurled Across Czech Borders LONDON, April 8 -(AP) — Two powerful Red armies sweeping ahead of a 230-mile front have hurled Axis troops back across the Hungarian-held Czecho-Slovakia border in the Carpathian mountains, stabbed 40 miles inside Rum-! ania, and captured more than 480 villages in a swift chase I of a broken enemy, Moscow j announced last night, j A third Russian army, surging around all land sides of Odessa, captured 30 more localities, including Gildendoef, only eight miles northeast of the Black sea port, and I completed the liquidation of the • remnants of five or six German divisions trapped near Razdelnaya, 40 miles northwest of Odessa, by wiping out 7,000 enemy troops and capturing 3,200, said the Soviet [daily communique, recorded by the Soviet monitor from a Moscow broadcast. Premier-Marshal Stalin in two | orders of the day announced I the impressive victories, which carried the Red army banner and I Czechoslovak flag to the pre-war Czech border. Late last night Eduard Benes, president of the provisional Czechoslovak government in London, sent congratulations to Stalin and declared that “Czecho-Slovak soldiers are entering the territory of our beloved fatherland” alo: g with the Red army.” Czech broadcasts from here and Moscow radio appeals calling on the occupants of that stricken country to arise against the Germans and their satellite troops, and Benes’ own declaration would Indicate that the Red army Intends to force the mountain passes, if it has not already crossed the frontier. Marshal Gregory K Zhukov’s First Ukraine army reached the Tartar pass at the pre-Munich Czechoslovakian border and sent his tanks and motorized infantry crashing ll miles inside Northern Rumania on a combined 124-mile front, Stalin's first order of the day disclosed. Zhukov’s me:' captured a total of 330 towns and villages, 30 of them inside Rumania, the others in the southwestern corner of the Russian Ukraine which includes Bucovina, and the southeastern corner of former Poland. Among the captured localities was Siret, ll miles inside Rumania and 24 miles south of Czernowitz, Bucovina capital. Red Peace Terms Said Too Severe STOCKHOLM, April 8—wP)—The Russian armistice terms offered to Finland are “such that even those most eater to get peace in Finland consider it impassible to come to an agreement now,” a correspondent for the Stockholm Dagens Nyheter wrote tonight on returning from a trip to Finland. The correspondent, Karl Axel Tunbergt r. said the Russian terms conformed "to a certain degree” to reports that they had been modified from the original demands which the Finns had rejected, but that they included other items "of such price that activists (those active for peace* think that only very great changes in the foreign political situation or in i the Finnish government could bring the peace question out of the dead-I lock.” Tunberger listed the Russian armistice terms as they stand now include: 1. German troops must be interned or driven out of Finland by the end of April. 2. Finnish troops must retreat to the ‘'larch, 1940, bnrdfr by stages, also during April. 3. r&issian and Allied prisoners of war, and interned rivilians must he repatriated. If a peace pact is signed, Finnish civilians will be returned from Russia in the same manner. 4. Finnish military forces must be demobilized 50 percent during May and during July the demobilization must be carried through to a point of only a peacetime standing army. 5. Six hundred million dollars must be paid in the next five years for material damage Finland raused Ru-sia by war and occupation. This should he paid in cellulose, paper, ships and machines. 6. The Petsamn district must he reded to the Soviet. If Finland accepts these terms the Russian government considers the possible free return of the Hangoe district to Finland. Truk Given Heavy Raid 59 Planes Lost APRIL PLAN IS IO DRAFT YOUNGER MEN EN MASSE Construction Work Declines Greotly f AUSTIN, April 8- (ZP) -Texas construction awards for the first quarter of 1944 show a marked decline under the previous three years, the Texas contractor said today. B During this first three months period. 1,937 contracts have been awarded, totaling $41,926,256. This is less than half the 1943 figure of $107,316,135: and about one-fourth of the 1942 figure of $182,654,684. The amount for 1344 thus far, however, compares favorably with "ire-war totals. Million Men WASHINGTON, April 8—GPI— ^enator Reed <R-Kasi suggested TOday that a million men could be made available for the armed services if war plants were organized on a two-shift 10-hour basis rather Kian a three-shift eight-hour basis. AN AMERICAN PILOT MEETS HIS BODYGUARD: Lf. E. R. Filiitt of Detroit, Mich., liaison pilot, who ferries wounded from the lines to base hospitals in Burma, is greeted on his return by three Kachin natives who carry his rifle, an umbrella to shield him from the sun and native weapons to protect against lurking Japs. (AP VVirephonto.) By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor The heaviest night raid on Truk, emphasizing American aerial dominance over one-powerful Japanese bases in the Pacific, was reported today as a sharply contradictory picture of the war in India was drawn Saturday by Allied communiques end the Tokyo radio. Dublon island. In the center of tile heavily fortified Truk atoll, was left blazing and blanketed by smoke Thursday night by Admiral William F. Halsey s raiders from the South Pacific. It was the 14th blow in a little more than a week at the once feared Central Carolines stronghold, by-passed ten days ago in the damaging carrier strike at Palau, Yap and other eastern > Caroline islands. In announcing the raid today General Doughs MacArthur added 13 more Japanese planes to the toll shot down in the heaviest day raid on Truk, 'ast Sunday. That makes the day’.1 toll 38. Southwest Pacific bombers continued thfir westward swing, smashing at the Kai islands, southwest of New Guinea, while the almost useless airdromes at VVcwak, New Guinea, and Ra-baul, New Ireland, were again battered. Five planes were destroyed on the ground In these strikes. Tokyo asserted the Important town of Kohima in Eastern India was captured by Japanese troops Thursday. The Allied communique said no important engagement had ; been fought near Kohima. British commanders conceded the invading column was continuing pressure of a “prowling’’ nature in that area. Japanese capture of Draft-Roascvelt Movement Started DALLAS, April 8    i/PV—A    group of Democrats meeting here today crgirized a "Draft Roosevelt’’ movement for the State of Texas and sent resolutions to every precinct election judge in the state. Joe C. Luther, president of the Young Democrats Club of Dallas county, said the movement will be organized along military lines, with a captain for each precinct in Dallas county. Luther was appointed to organize a statewide meeting. Gaines Goes Dry LUBBOCK, April 8 Opt- Complete returns from 12 of 15 boxe^ in Gaines cohnty’x local option election today showed 901 votes for the drys and 746 for the wets. The county we ne wet in 1940 and wets won in four elections previous to today s balloting. I Kohima would cut off British troops ; defending Imphal, 60 miles to the south, from their railhead. And It would place the invading column within striking distance of the Ben-galassam railway which carries all supplies for China and Allied armies in North Burma Elsewhere in the fighting around the plains of Imphal, the Allied positions improved markedly. Lord Louis Mountb.uton reported the Japanese were driven from “one important feature” in the hills and the Allied positions were otherwise improved. In Southwest Burma the British resumed their slow advance toward the port of Akyab, capturing a village southwest of Buthedaung. Chinese and Burmese drove down on Myitkyina, Nipponese North Burma base, from two directions while a flying column of ( hindwits continued to knife the Japanese in the bark. Associated Press War Correspondent Frank I.. Martin cepe ••led the air commandos have inflicted I,OOO casualties in a month of roving guerilla fighting. Tokyo radio said formations of around 20 American planes raided Hainan island off the South Clima coast and attacked Truk In tile Central Caroline islands Thursday. A U. S. communique from Chungking said two Jaoanese air bases on the South China coast were bombed Thursday while four Japanese planes were shot down and two freighters damaged In a sweep over the Tonkin gulf Fridav. Ponape in the Eastern Carolines was bombed bv Armv Mite hells I Thursday. Only moderate antiaircraft fire was encountered In Raids Over Nazi Territory LONDON, April 8 -(AP) — American aerial fleets totaling about 1,500 plant s surged over Germany today, with U. S. Lieavv bombers ripping two already-battered aircraft plants at Brunswick and five airdromes north of the Ruhr while American fighters shot down 92 German planes and destroyed and damaged many others on the ground. From all tho days operations, which included an attack on the Belgian rail center of Hasselt and sweeps by Thunderbolts and Lightnings against airdromes In the Frankfurt area, 34 U. S. bomber.' and 25 fighters are missing, an Army communique said. No fighter opposition was encountered over the airdromes, as the German air force concentrated its interceptors for a desperate defense of the Brunswick targets, where the war bulletin said the U. 6 Flying Fortresses an* Liberators bombed their objectives "visually with good results.” Bitter air battles raged , over Brunswick and along the return route Escorting American fighters there destroyed RI enemy aircraft. Thirty of the musing bombers were lost In the Brunswick operation. No tabulation yet lias been made on the number of German aircraft to fall befire the guns of the heavy bombers. Nearly 1,0(10 American Flying Fortresses, I iberators and Medium Marauders participated iii the widespread attacks. Fierce battles with German Inter! opt ors were fought by the Fortresses and Liberators spearing to within HO miles of Berlin to rain explosives on Brunswick’s alreadv-damaged factories for fighter aircraft. The German radio asserted the Americans suffered “one of their heaviest defeats,” and that the bombers were trying to attack Berlin. Tile rest of the fleet of 500 to 750 four-en qied bombers belted German fighter fields in Northwest! rn Germany. Some 200 Medium Marauders and Thunderbolt fighter-bombers teamed up for the first time to strike tile Belgian rail center of Hasselt, important junction on tile Antwerp-Maastncht-Aacbcn line, and other Thunderbolts escorted Marauders hitting the Coxyde airfield on the Belgian coast. All the mediums returned. With their Lightning, Mustang, and Thunderbolt escorts, the American attack fleet probably totaled about 1,500 planes. WASHINGTON, April 8 - (AP) — Selective Service headquarters, taking drastic steps to hasten the delivery of young mon to the armed services, today ordered postpone ment of the drafting of all men 26 and over who are in war-important jobs, even those already ordered to report for induction. Draft Director Lewis B. Hershey announced the action after being told by the army and Navy that they want young men so badly they are willing for draft boards to fail to deliver their quotas of older registrants. Apparent 1\ the plan is to send young men Into the Army and Navy i lmost en masse during April. Informed officials said it meant the current government program of endorsing deferments lot- certain key 50 to 60 May Be Cut Back Here Under New Plan Fifty or sixty armed forces-bound Taylor county selectees may be cut back from April induction or -pre-men under 26 nun Ii bt' speeded up if induction examinations, Clint Stewart, clerk of the local board No. 2, revealed yesterday. Although local draft boards had not been advised of Ma,|. Oen. Lewis B Hershey‘s order halting induction of all men more than 26-years-old "who are making a contribution to essential agriculture, war production or va- supporting aitivitg* V Stewart said board No. 2‘s Apr( draft ogllt Included $0 and 6fl men over 26 who are now listed in 2-A or 2-B A clerk for board No I, said that board would not be affected by the order a* it has no additional calls for April. it is to be in til.ie. An official of the Office of War Information said a list will be provided In a day or two to guide draft boards in the (It ferment of young men. He said the list will be substantially that to be provided by the inter-agencx committer beaded by Manpower Chairman Paul V. McNutt. The postponement of older men starts as soon as local boards ran stop their mat him ry and speed up the new system. This may he the middle of next week in some localities, draft officers said. A man scheduled to he inducted Monday or Tuesday, for example, will have no legal recourse if his induction takes place on schedule. Tile delay will last until processing of men under 26 has been "substantially accomplished," Hershey said. How long that will be depends on ; conditions in each state, and officers here said any national estimate was impossible. In one state, Sir DRAFT, Page 4, ( ol. 4 |    -- Brunswick Defense One of Most Bitter A U S, LIBERATOR BOMBER BASE IN ENGLAND. April H -up» •German fighters which have been held iii reserve for the defense of only the most vital of targets tried desperately to break up Liberator formations attacking Brunswick’s war factories today, returning crewmen said. The Germans dived madly at I the Liberators 15 abreast in the brief but furious air battle reminiscent of tile greet American-German clash over Brunswick on Jan. I ll, they said. Although other bombers want on 1 to lay explosives on half a dozen other targets inside Germany, the Nazis put tip the fighters only over Brunswick, Ohioan Becomes First War Ace LONDON, April 8 -/ZP) — Ca Don S. Gentiles claim of five plai destroyed on the ground on Apri was confirmed today while he w blasting three more Nazi planes ( of the sky to run his bag to 30, a the Piqua, O.. Mustang pilot beca the first American see of this v formally recognized as havl broken Sap* Eddie Rickenbacke World War record. The confirmations brought official total to 27 of which sex were destroyed on the ground a I 20 in the air. The three destroy I today are still to be formally cc I firmed. Rlckenb i. ker destroyed 26 encl I aircraft In the last war. all In combat, a mark which was equal by two Marine fliers in the Pad j in this war. Gentile, a 23-year-old Musts pilot, got his five grounded plat on April 5 in a sweep over Berlin The Weather U. 8. BKPARTMENT OI CONMt.RCI WI M HI K 111 111 M AHII HNI: and \ irlniU Putti? iluudv Salida.v and Monday; .ontifnird warm. I rrxli In Mrnng windy BASI TEXAS: Cl«»dy with thawrr* and thnndrrahow . eaO and ynulh nnrtinn, partly cloudy in nurthwMt por-'ion, and frrah to Kiron* wind* Sunday Monday, partly cloddy or.! pot lion, cloudy with aho., era in catrrmr .aal portion Continued warm. MEST TIV AS Parti' cloud' Sunday and Mond.iv. Cnntinard warm Sunday, cooler in panhandle and south plain* Monda\ fresh to alron* winds, TEMPI P MI RI AM ft. in st si Kl Kl KS HS IO HOI R I :< 4 Sal. PM Erl. • "IS •    '4 - sn -    77 •    78 •    7,1 70 .    07 • HA • Al OO Collision Rates Ordered Increased AUSTIN. April 8 tJPi-A 16 per cent increase was ordered today In the general rate level for collision I premiums on private passenger cars and trucks, State Casualty Insurance Commissioner J. P Gibbs an-; nounced. Gibbs said the increase which becomes effective May I, 1944, was due to adverse .experience caused from an increase in accidents and ,the sharp rise in repair costs. Farmers Directed I To See Price Paid DALL AJB, April 8 tJPJ-L. J. Cap-pleman, regional distribution direc-j tor of the War Food administration, today told farmers in the southwest region to get in toucli with authorized egg dealers In their state if they are receiving less than 26 cents a dozen for unguided eggs. All eggs purchased by the dealers will be bought by the WFA at 29 cents a dozen. Iii*!) and low trmpr rattirr* In ll p. in HK and AO, High and low (ami Hair last year. 78 and 17. Kumrt lad night 8:08 SunrlK- (hi* morn'ig: 7 IT, Sunset tonight; 8 ut. BRITISH SEAMAN RESCUED IN ATLANTIC: I , S. Coast guardsmen aboard a cutter petroling the North Atlantic .shipping lanes 1 ift a British seaman over the side in a stretcher alter a life boat crew rescued him and two comrades. Their vessel had radioed tor help after it had been torpedoed by a German submarine. One of the other Britons saved is in life boat (left). (AP Wirephoto From Coast Guard.) Summerish Weather Forecast for Easter The weatherman last night predicted near summer weather for Abilene's Easter Sunday. Partly cloudy and continued warm was forecast for the day. The temperature yesterday hit a seasonal high of 88 degreed. ;