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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY, COOLAbilene importer"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron MDRNING VOL. LXXIÍI, NO. 296 AssocitUed Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 8 , 1954—TWENTY FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10« HITS DEMOS Humphrey Urges Okay Of Tax Bill WASHINGTON, April 7 (^1—Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey defended an administration tax revision bill today as one which would “help make more and better jobs, bigger payrolls and better living for everyone.” He told both a Senate committee and a Republican women’s group that although the measure would cut taxes about $1,400,000,000 its prime purpose is to bring up to date tax laws which the country long sine# has outgrown. The last general revision was in 1876, he said. Humphrey was the first witness as the Senate Finance Committee ooered three weeks of hearings on the 875-page bill already passed by the House. A short time earlier, he addressed the Republican Women’s Centennial Conference. Hits Exemption Hike He struck out at two major changes which Democrats have proposed. He attacked a plan to increase per.sonal income tax 9k-emptions, and to strike a provision reducing taxes on dividend income. He said the Eisenhower administration is strongly opposed to increasing exemptions, both because! Probe Counsel Named Date Set for Hearing THERE'S NOTHING SINISTER' WASHINGTON, April 7    —    A congressional leader asserted tonight that high officials debated for four months in 1949 whether to push an allout effort to develop the hydrogen bomb. But he asserted that this is “not of itself sinister.” The statement was made by Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R-NY-, chairman of the Senate - House Atomic Energy Committee. Cole was himself opposed to the H-bomb effort five years ago. He said those who opposed H-"w%"“«Anor;Va7d"TAylurth7riorsil>omb development at that time in revenue” and because the pro- affiued that it would detract from Cole Clears H-Bomb Furor: Start Was Delayed 4 Months FOOD OVER SHIPYARD WALL—A package of food is hoisted over wall of New York Shipbuilding Corp, in Camden, N. J., by unidentified woman friend of workers staging a sit-down strike in the huge plant., PRAISES MURROW Ike's Never Heard Of H-Bomb Delays WASHINGTON. April (jfV-Pres-Ident Eisenhower said today it’s news to him if—as Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) charges—there was an 18-month “deliberate delay” in this country’s development of the hydrogen bomb. McCarthy made the charge last night in a filmed talk on the CBS television program of Edward R. Murrow'. He also blasted Murrow as “the cleverest of the jackal pack ... at the throat of anyone who dares to expose Communists and traitors.” Questioned at his news conference today. Eisenhower said; 1. He’s never heard of any H-bomb delay and the chairman (Lewis L. Strauss) of the Atomic Energy Commission has never mentioned such a thing to him. 2. He has known Murrow for years, especially in London during World War II, and has always regarded him as a friend—though he’s never engaged in any philos-phical discussions with the commentator. The President said with some emphasis he didn’t watch the McCarthy address—didn’t know there was one, in fact. 'Deliberate Stall’ McCarthy, at Murrow’s Invitat-tlon, took over the “See It Now” »how to answer criticisms of him which the commentator had broadcast on a previous program. The Senator, in a talk filmed in advance, said America’s H-bomb research was deliberately stalled W'hlle Russia was “feverishly” working on it.s own hydrogen weapon, and he asked: “If there were no Communists in our government, why did we delay?” In Kansas City former President Truman, who ordered work on a H-bomb started Jan. 31, 1950 said today there was no delay on the project. AEC itself declined comment. P^i.scnhower, wearing a brown suit with a matching striped tie, was in a brisk let’s-get-to-the-polnt mood at today’s meeting with 197 correspondents. He had no prepared statements of his own and called for questions immediately. He made these main points in answering them: INDOCHINA — Asia already has lost 450 million of its people to communism and the free world simply can't afford greater losses. This country is urgently consulting with its Allies on united action posal “would entirely remove millions of taxpayers from the tax rolls.” Sen. George (D-Ga) is leading a move to increase exemptions by $200 a year this year and $400 a year after that. The move would cost an estimated 4Vi billions the first year and 8 billions in later yeans. 25 Million Cut Marion B. Folsom, undersecretary of the Treasury, presented figures to show that the larger cut would remove 25 million taxpayers from the rolls. the atomic buildup, that it might not be feasible technically and that it was “morally repugnant.” The Cole statement topped off a day of comments from high places on the status of the H-bomb. Started by McCarthy It all started last night W'hen Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) said in a television speech that there was an 18-month “deliberate delay” in U. S. development of the H-bomb. McCarthy said the Russians meanwhile were feverishly at work developing their own H-bomb. And, ne asked: ”If there were no Communists in our government, why did we delay?” Cole’s statement made no refer- Sen. Frear (D-Del), a co-sponsor of the George proposal, said that if it is adopted he will propose an-    ^    _________________ other amendment to put a $5 to $10    McCarthy. He said the H head tax on all persons thus dropped, to make them conscious of their responsibilities as citizens. Humphrev suoported a reduced tax on dividend income, a provision which Democrats have attacked as favoring the rich. Humphrey said it would “encourage the Investment of savings so that business^ can expand and create more jobs.” Sen. Long (D-La) interrupted to say he understood that six-tenths of 1 per cent of American families own 80 per cent of the stock in the country.    , ,    . As to Democrats claims that more relief for low-income taxpayers is needed to offset a de- cline in business, Humphrey said mud.” bomb discussions in this country lasted from September, 1949, to January, 1950, when former President Truman announced his decision to go ahead. That is a four-month period. President Eisenhower said it was news to him if there had been imy delay in getting the H-bomb program under way. Truman said there had been no delay. Throwing Mud' Sumner T. Pike, a member of the Atomic Energy Commission at the time, said McCarthy didn’t know what he was talking about and that all he was doing was “throwing elude categorically the possibility that a person or persons in our program might have been motivated by Interests other than those of the United States.” Cole said interest in any major development of hydrogen power flagged between the end of the war and Sept. 23, 1949, when “The Soviets exploded an atomic bomb years ahead of the date estimated by our experts.” This, he said, brought a review of the situation and “vigorous debate at the highest levels of the government” until former President Truman decided on Jan. 31, 1950 to order the Atomic Energy Commission “to proceed with development of the hydrogen bomb.” ‘While it is true,” Cole added, “that there was considerable dis cussion between September 1949 and January 1950, concerning the need of developing the hydrogen bomb, this fact is not of itself sinister, nor does it imply that those who opposed the President’s final decision were motivated by a desire to lessen our military strength.” Cole himself was one of those who opposed the Truman decision. He said at the time: “For my part, I do not approve the decision, both because it is usurpation of congressional authority and because the decision itself is contrary to the recommendations of our country’s most competent authorities. This epochal decision goes beyond the security of the United States; the security of mankind is also at stake.” TOUCH OF SPRING—Secretary of Welfare Oveta Culp Hobby is smartly turned out as a witness bt'fore House committee. The dark suit is topped by a coloi-ful scarf and lapel pin fashioned after a maple leaf. DECISION TODAY Loan Fraud Trials Asked Here; More Bills Hinted “we can be misled about how bad business is.” Although unemployment has increased somewhat, he said more Americans had jobs in January In halt the Red threat He can't I^ 10 nait me uea mreai. iie can    February    than    in    any    year    in See DELAY, Pg. 2-A, Col. Î history except 1953. Time Running Out On Dedication Tax By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News Austin Bureau AUSTIN, April 7. — The experimental dedication tax on natural gas will have a race with the clock as the special 30-day session of the Texas Legislature draws to a close. The bill, which passed the House, is set for hearing before the Senate State Affairs Committee Thursday afternoon. If passed out favorably by the committee and if it must be printed, it couldn’t be ready for Senate floor action House Halts Red Debate AUSTIN, April 7 uP-Debate of an anti-subversives bill was halted when the House split almost evenly tonight on an amendment described as “a safeguard for the reputation of an iinocent man or woman." A motion by Rep. Fred Meridith. Terrell, sponsor of the bill, to kill the amendment failed by one vole, 60-61. That left the amendment by Rep. pointed at them by a neighbor who just doesn’t happen to like them,” said Zivley. Supporting the amendment, Rep. Bill Kugle, Galveston, said “too many people in this country are using the term Communism to descrilie anything they don’t agree with.” Against Zivley’s proposal, Rep. Pearee Johnson, Austin, warned it would be “taking away the right Lamar Zivley, Temple, ready for; of a jury to deeid<‘ guilt or inno-a direct vote, but the liouse de-icence and giving it to the Depart-cided to quit until 10;30 a.m. to- ment of Public Safety. morrow. Zivley’s amendment, which will be pending when the House meets tomorrow, was offered after back- Members .seeking to amend the tiill said they were in accord with the idea of ridding Texas of Communists, but they thought the pro- ers of the bill had beat down all posal before them had many ol>- amendments considered undesirable by Meridith during the first three hours of debate. The 25ivley amendment would require a “complete and detailed investigation” by the Department of Public Safety of any complaint charging a jH’rson under the proposed anti-subversives law. Th* department would have to flla a report with the state Supreme Court attesting to the substantial accuracy of the complaint before the complaint could be publicized or prosecuted, Zivley explained. "Thta ii merely a safeguard for the reputation of an innocent man •r woman who might have a finger jectionable features. The Senate passed a tax bill to raise 25 million dollars a year for higher teacher and state employe The closest vote on efforts to amend the anti-subversives bill came when Rep, Charles Murphy, Houston, sought to place prosecution exclusively in the hands of the state attorney general. The bill proposes to leave prosecution up to district, criminal district, and county attorneys. “I think you’re setting a dangerous precedent in putting an axe like this in the hands of county Sm HOUSE, Pg. S-A, Col. 2 before Saturday. Saturday sessions are rare. The session is due to close next Tuesday. Rep. George Hinson of Mineóla sponsored the bill in the House. Hardeman Loses Fight Sen. Dorsey Hardeman of San Angelo took up the battle for the dedication tax on the floor of the Senate 'Tuesday as the tax bill was under consideration. He predicted time will run out on the Hinson bill. Hardeman tried, without success, to tack the dedication tax onto the major tax bill. He lost by a vote of 22-9. Hardeman’s amendment differed in detail, but was the same in principle as the Hinson bUl. “This would be a test amendment, an attempt to get some revenue from the long lines exporting Texas gas,” Hardeman told the Senate. "It would set a pattern for future taxation and would relieve producers and royalty owmers from their tax load. “I anticipate and hope it would be contested to determine if we can tax the long lines. It would be a tax on gas in reservoirs, on gas dedicated by contract to pipelines, and would be a levy on the privilege of withdrawing that gas.” Major Income Source? Hinson set his token levy at l-30lh of a cent. Hardeman set his at l-20th. The Senator estimated his would bring in $1.5 to $2 million in revenue. If held legal, it would open an avenue for major income. The House amended Hinson’s bill so that, if held legal, the rate would go up. Hardeman’s amendment didn’t provide tor this increase. It stayed at the l-20th rate. The senator’s amendment would have given the man who paid the dedication tax credit for that much on his production tax. Senator A. M. Aikin, sponsor of the big tax bill, objected to the Hardeman amendment on the ground it "would invite a lawsuit.” Hardeman denied that it would, saying attack on his amendment would not affect other portions of the tax bill. Voting in favor of HardemalYa amendment were three other West Texas Senators, C»eorge Moffett of Chillicothe, J. T. Rutherford of Odessa and Harley Sadler of Abilene. Cole said tonight that there had been “considerable discussion” as to the need for developing the H-bomb. He himself opposed Truman’s decision on the ground that it was “contrary to the recommendations of our country’s most competent authorities.” Meanwhile, Adm. Lewis Strauss, chairman of the Atomic Energy Committee, went before a Senate committee to assert that the government plans to spend nearly a half billion dollars more in the next fiscal year to push ahead with thermonuclear weapons.” Rumors Begin That is the scientific name usually employed for hydrogen devices. Immediately afterwards, rumors began floating around Washington that there had been some development which could surpass the mass killing power of the fantastically destructive H-bomb. One bit of speculation was that a means of converting the H-bomb into a “cobalt” or “C-bomb” had been perfected. Cobalt, which has long been considered a potential ingredient of destructive bombs, it was said would absorb the poisonous radioactivity of a nuclear explosion and then spread residual contamination for various lengths of time. Cole said that since no security system is 100 per cent effective against traitors “We cannot ex- By GEORGIA NELSON i Reporter-News Staff Writer FORT WORTH, Aprü 7. — U. S. District Judge Joseph B. Dooley Wednesday heard arguments on a proposed change of venue for defendants charged at Lubbock with defrauding the government. At the close of the hearing he told government and defense attorneys he would let them know his decision Thursday. Davis Scarborough of Abilene, defending nine persons named in federal indictments, offered a motion for removal of their cases from Lubbock to Abilene. The defendants are charged with making fraudulent statements in obtaining Veterans Administration housing loans. All nine defendants represented by Scarborough are Abilene residents. Indictments returned against them by a federal grand jury in Dallas were sent to Lubbock because the housing loans were approved by the VA district office there. U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Floore and Asst. Dist. Atty, F. L. Hartman argued against the motion. Hartman stated during the hearing that another grand jury to be empaneled Monday may return additional indictments against some of those named in the first Indict-1 ments and other individuals who have not yet been indicted. Scarborough based his argument for the change on these points: 1. The defendants’ right to be tried in the court division nearest their homes. 2. Economy for the government in bringing a few witnesses from Rain, Hail Hit North Texas; It's Dust Here Policemen Elect WASHINGTON The National Conference of Police Associations today elected Bruce Finney of the Detroit police department as president and selected Houston, Tex., for the next convention In April, 1955, U. 8. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl'REAC ABIUCNE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy and cool Thursday and Friday. High temparature both day« 75 degrtes. Low Thursday night 65. NORTH CENTRAL TEXA8-Oenerally ialr; cooler ea«t and south Thursday f Friday partly cloudy and warmer. WEST TEXAS—Qenerally fair through Friday, warmer Friday. EAST TEXAS-Partly cloudy and cooler. «caWered thundershowera aouth Thursday. temperatiìre:s Tae«. A. M We«. A. M. 78 ...... 73 ...... 71 ...... 69 .... 89 ...... 6t ...... 70 ...... 7* ...... 71 ------ 81 ...... M ...... •3 l 30 3 30 3 30 4 30 5:30 8:30 7 30 5 30 9 30 10:30 11:30 13:30 Tue«. P. M. We«. P. M.   81   S3 ......... 83  81  80 ......... 78 ......... 75 ......... 72 High and low temparaturea for 14 hour« ended at 8:30 p. m.; 87 and 08. High and low umperaturea same data last year: 88 and 5«. Sunset last night 7 03 p. m SunH«« today 0:17 a. m. Sunaet tonight 7:03 p m. Barometer reading at 8:30 p. m. 38.39. Relatlv humidity at 8 30 p. m. 35%. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Hail and rain spotted Texas’ north half Wednesday night as a line of towering thunderheads moved eastward. The rain was mostly local, the cloud cover was not thick, and there was no promise of general rains. Skies were expected to clear off generally long before dawn. Flashing lightning, the leading edge of a norther produced hall at scattered points, including Weatherford and Bonham, and rain at several points including Weatherford, Bouhani. Dallas, Granbury and near Fort Worth. Hail damaged cars and homes in Weatherford, and wind unroofed a ranch home between Cresson and Weatherford.    „    . Dust Instead of ram prevailed In drought-plagued West Texas which got no rain. Visibility Wednesday night w»» „0*^^ [W® mUes at Wichita FaUs, Wink, Abilene and San Angelo, Salt Flat had only two miles vislbUlty with blowing dust and Marfa three miles and blowing dust. Among heavy rains was an unofficial 1.28 Inches at Bonham. The Weather Bureau said thunderstorms and hail were expectable during the evening in Dallas and Tarrant counties. The bureau said thunderstorms also might develop In East Texas. Hailstones as big as hen eggs Cooler Weather To Follow Dus! Blowing dust that hit AbUene along with a cold front Wednesday will clear away by Thursday, a U. S. Weather Bureau forecaster said. Coo» weather is due Thursday and Friday, with a high temperature both days of 75 degrees. The low Thursday night will be 55. Visibility dropped to one mile Wednesday at 12:30 p.m., about a half an hour after the front moved through from the north. Winds swung from south to north as the front passed and averaged 25 miles an hour all day. By 9:30 p.m. Wednesday vialbil-ity had climbed back up to seven miles. No dust Is expected 'Thursday, a forecaster said. Winds ’Thursday are to be out of the northeast at about 15 to 20 miles an hour. fell during a 15-minute storm at Weatherford along with .43 of an inch of rain. Car windshields and hoods and house roofs were damaged. A resident at Cresson near Fort Worth said he saw a tornado-like cloud between there and Weatherford. Hood County Sheriff Oran Baker said wind unroofed a house on the Leggett Ranch between Cresson and Weatherford but that nobody was hurt. Baker said the storm struck about 6:30 p.m. The line of a cool front at about 7:30 p.m. ran from Paris to the Dallas-Fort Worth area and on southward to south of San Angelo. The leading edge of the front was moving about 15 to 20 miles an hour. Lubbock to AbUene instead of re quiring a large number of witnesses to go from AbUene to Lubbock. 3. Most of the transactions on which the charges are based occurred In AbUene, rather than Lubbock. Government attorneys contended that moving part of the defendants cases to Abilene would not be an economy move for the government, i (A total of 37 persons were named in nine Indictments. Twenty-two are Abilcnlans. Others live at MJd-[land, Dublin, Dallas, Bellaire and Hobbs. N. M.) Hartman said that out of approximately 150 witnesses the government plan.s to use only 48 who live in Abilene. Floore pointed out that the defendants are entitled to a speedy trial. Their bonds are returnable to Lubbock May 3 when Judge Dooley will open a term of court there. Floore said that because of heavy civil and criminal dockets Judge T. Whitfield Davidson could not schedule their trials during a current term of court in Abilene and that he would be unable to return to AbUene before next October. (Judge Davidson opened court in AbUene Monday in an effort to dear his dockets.) On legal aspects of the requested change Scarborough argued that only the final culmination of the loan transactions occurred in Lubbock, that most of the matters were in AbUene. Floore asserted that the only transactions the government al-eges to be fradulent occurred in Lubbock, that the transactions in Abilene preparatory to obtaining the loans were private matters until placed in the hands of government officials at Lubbock. He stated that subpoenas have already been issuea for some of the witnesses to appear in Lubbock May 3. He said the government will announce ready for trial in all its cases when court convenes there. KING SIZE HANDOUT—Judy, one of the elephants in the Prospect Park Zoo, Brooklyn, reaches her trunk around a wall to get a handout of peanuts. Mundt Sell 1st Inquiries On April 21 WASHINGTON. April 7 (iP-Ray H. Jenkins, a Tennessee lawyer and gentleman farmer, was chosen today as the man to get to the bottom of the bitter row between Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and high Army officials. Hi.s appointment as special counsel for the Senate Investigations subcommittee was announced by Acting Chairman Mundt (R-SD), who also said hearings in the controversial case will begin AprU 21. Jenkins, 57, is one of the leading trial lawyers of Knoxville, Tenn. He is a Republican, an Episcopalian, and farms as a hobby. Interviewed by reporters on Capitol Hill. Jenkins stated he is “quite positive” that he is not prejudiced one way or the other regarding McCarthy. Asked if he would care to state his opinion of the Wisconsin senator, the lawyer replied: No Public Record "My opinion of Sen. McCarthy would not constitute any news. It would be improper for me to express an opinion. “I have no record publicly or otherwise as to Sen. McCarthy or what has come to be known as McCarthylsm,” he continued. Jenkins, a heavy-set. sandy-haired man with a calm demeanor, pledged himself to handle the big investigation with “no prejudice, no bias.” He succeeds Samuel B. Sears as the subcommittee’s special counsel and will be In charge of the machinery of the probe. Sears, a prominent Boston attorney, withdrew as counsel yesterday, after his Impartiality had been challenged. He acknowledged that he had praised McCarthy s work In the past, but insisted that he could have conducted a fair In-I vestigation. ’    To    Probs    Prassure He bowed out “in the public in terest.” he said, so there would be no question about the impartiality of the proceedings. The subcommittee intends to probe under Jenkins' guidance: 1. Charges by the Army secretariat that McCarthy and Roy Cohn, the subcommittee’s regular counsel, exerted pressure to get favored treatment for draftee u. David Schine, a friend of Cohns and a former consultant on the subcommittee staff. 2. Countercharges that Secretary of the Army Stevens and John G. Adams, Army ««»«f were holding Schine in hostage while they tried to dWert M<^ai> thy’s investlgaUons of •.¡If«®; “Communist coddling m the Army to other branches of the mu-itary service.    __ Snake's Bites Kill Girl, 3 BRECKENRIDGE, April 7 --(RNS) — A 3-year-old girl, who was following her father as he walked to a chicken house near their ranch home Tuesday evening, was bitten twice by a ratUesnake and died six hours later. Beckie Marie Holland, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lee Holland, died In a Breckenridge hospital at 12:30 a.m. Wednesday after doctors attempted to save her life with antisnake bite venom. She was bitten at 6:30 p.m. Tuesday at the Holland ranch near Crystal Falls, located about 11 miles north of Breckenridge. Holland didn’t see or hear the snake. The girl screamed as th* rattler struck, but she was bitten twice before he could kill the snake. Her parents administered first aid as they rushed her to the hospital. Beckie Marie was born March 5, 1951. at Breckenridge. Besides her parents, she is survived by a brother, Joe David, and a sister, Irli Lee, both at home: and her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. .\rthur Warren of DeLeon. Funeral services will be conducted at 11 a.m. Thursday at the First Methodist Church at DeLeon. The Rev. James Holdridge, pastor of St. Paul Methodist Church at Breckenridge. will officiate. Burial will be In the DeLeon Cem-eteiy under the direction of Higginbotham Funeral Home of DeLeon. The body was taken to DeLeon in a Satterwhlte Funeral Home coach 'Tuesday afternoon. It will lie in state at the home of her grandparents until service time. Victim Saves Pair FORT WORTH, AprU 7 Harry Scoggins, 27, of Aile crawled out of hli burninf. wrecked ear today with his arm broken. He saw fire enveloping the car he hit and pulled Mr. and Mrs. Marry Drain to safety from the flames- ;