Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 7, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIII, NO. 296.
A TEXAS 2mU, NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 7, 1944 -FOURTEEN PAGES
Associated Press (AP)
United Press (U.P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
American Heavies Batter New larget in Balkans
Nazis Bolster Odessa, Tarnopol
Bag 16 Nazi |'BIG' INVASION LOSSES TOMMYR0T--GENERAL BRADLEY iOrder Issued Planes Over
ANOTHER YORK SETS SIGHTS FOR ENEMY—Whetting his sights for the Axis is Pvt. Woodrow Wilson York, 18, son of the famed Sgt. Alvin C. York of world war I. Young York fcis just started his training at Camp Wolters, Tex., Infantry Replacement Training Center. (AP Wirephoto).
•Line Held on Prices -FDR
WASHINGTON. April 7—(ZP)—President Roosevelt released a report today on the stabilization program, which maintained that living costs had been held substantially unchanged for a year and that “wages have been stabilized."
m The report, taking note of the fact that tomorrow marks the first wmiversary of his “hold-the-hne" order on the cost of living, was submitted by Fred M. Vinson, economic stabilization director; Chester Bowles, price administrator; Marvin Jones, war food administrator, and William H. Davis, National War Labor board chairman.
Mr. Roosevelt described it as important because it showed how the government was trying to keep prices from going up through the roof and \ itimately bankrupting everybody I-
Ti the country
“On this first anniversary of the Issuance of the “hold-the-line' order." the document said, we can report that the task of stopping the rise in prices has thus far been ^ rried out xxx As a result the cost of living, which before the 'hold-the-line' order was rising three-quarters percent a month, has for a solid year been held without change of any consequence."
• As a matter of fact, the re-6port said, the cost of living as a whole is lightly below the levels of a year ago.
The quarter of government officials declared that “stabilization has
Stettinus Hails Unity of Allies
LONDON, April 7—<UPt—Edward R, Stetting Jr., United States under secretary of state, said today that the "last desperate hope" of the Axis to avert defeat by creating suspicion and distrust among the United Nations had "signally failed."
Stettinius issued his statement on brought tangible—indeed bankable Allied unity to the press soon after —benefits to ai! groups." They heired stabilization had paid off on every hand in lasting rather than illusory benefits, and had been of j benefit particularly to some 20,000,-000 persons whose incomes cannot be boosted to keep pace with rising prices.
£ "The need for continued restraint and continued cooperation with every’ phase of the stabilization program is evident," the report concluded.
"Obviously, too, we should cling A* the policies and machinery which *ave served us so effectively so far."
Japan Expects Attack by July
By The Associated Press
Berlin's DNB agency today quot-d Japanese imperial headquarters as expecting that “the so-called enemy general offensive will still take place during the first half of this year."
A Tokyo-datelined dispatch 0 roadcast from Berlin said it was now clear that the Allies had given up, their “former isle-to-isle strategy and in its place are applying jumping tactics."
Another report said Tokyo newspapers will publish special editions tomorrow to test a new plan for distribution of "easily printable” newspapers in the event of air attacks.
♦cgg Prices Settle On 26 Cent Level
The price of eggs jumped two j and three cents per dozen Thurs- I
«ay. settling on 26 cents, the same s offered under the government's ! price .support plan. The advance is from a low of 21 cents per dozen which prevailed here several days.1
The new price will mean thous- I ands of dollars to farmers and Commercial poultrymen but is still Thy of the price producers say is , necessary to offset high feed costs.' eggs were selling for 31 cents per | dozen before hitting the landslide. | The relief came just as most; dealers were preparing contracts itll the War Food administration to buy eggs for the government at the 26 cent price support level.
Only a shortage of egg crates has held up the government's purchase program this week and egg process-
«rs say that lack of storage facings and crates kept them from building larger surpluses
HDB AKI) K. STETTINIUS
hrs arrival for exploratory discussions with British leaders of a wide range of topics probably including diplomatic matters connected with the forthcoming invasion of Europe.
“The United Nations are nearer victory now because we have learned to plan and fight together." he said. “We of the United Nations will not relinquish the cooperation and unity which has brought us so far along the road to victory." Stettinius conferred at length this afternoon with United States Ambassador John G. Winant, but had no other appointments immediately.
He said his trip was on behalf of Secretary of State Cordell Hull, who found It impossible to come to London now to repay the visits of Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and other British officials.
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, April 7. (AP)—Heavy bombers of the U. S. 15th Air force again attacked a Balkan target yesterday, hammering this time at a German airfield in the Croatian capital of Zagreb as ground action on all Italian fronts remained at a Virtual standstill.
Zagreb was vigoriously defended by some 120 German planes. Sixteen were shot down in battles over northern Yugoslavia, headquarters announced, and three heavy bombers were lost.
Fortresses and Liberators, escorted by Thunderbolts and Lightnings, took a part in the attack. Returning crewmen reported that the fight was hot and heavy, but there was nothing here to substantiate German reports last night describing the battle as "one of the greatest strategical defeats suffered so far ’ by the 15th air force.
On the contrary, the Allied communique listed the raid as small.
a * a
An announcement from headquarters said that on the Anzio beachhead a strong German patrol attacked an Allied position a mile and a half south of Carroeeto last night but was driven back by grenades and small arms fire. Fifth army artillery and tank destroyers blasted enemy gun positions there during the day.
A dispatch sent from the beachhead last night by Associated Press Dixon said the Germans had ringed the Allied defenses with several hugje guns capable of combing the entire beachhead from the front line to the coast.
"These include some railroad guns with a potential range up to 54,000 yards (more than 30 miles), which means that the Germans could literally sit in Rome and shell shipping in Anzio bay," Dixon wrote. “How many of these guns are operating against the beachhead either has not been ascertained or is not being divulged."
In all air operations yesterday 28 enemy aircraft were reported destroyed and the communique listed three medium bombers and four fighters as missing in addition to
the three heavy craft.
• « •
In Cassino, the Germans made a tentative push out of the Continental hotel but their infantry was immediately brought under the fire of Allied artillery. Northwest of Cassino enemy patrols constantly are probing Allied lines to keep themselves informed.
While the big bombers were over Zagreb a formation of Spitfires some carrying bombs, swooped down on the German airfield at Banja Luka, about 80 miles northeast of Sarajevo, and destroyed a large number of planes on the ground.
Bv TAMES F. KING
WITH AN AMERICAN INFANTRY DIVISION SOMEWHERE IN ENGLAND. April 7—</P>—Ll.-Gen. Omar N Bradley told American officers preparing for the invasion of Europe today that “this stuff about tremendous losses is tommyrot."
“The success of the whole war depends on this operation and I have no fear of its outcome," the commander of American ground forces in the United Kingdom assured officers who will lead the doughboys into action.
“When the time comes you will be surprised by the naval gunfire and air power we have.
"Some of you won’t come back, but will be very few.
“In the Tunisian campaign we lost only an average of three or four men to 1,000 and certainly seeing a show like this ought to be worth that chance.
“They say Barnum and Bailey had the greatest show on car’ll, but
that will be only a sideshow compared to the one you will be in. When your men get up to fight you will be scared, but it will be up to you to get up and lead your men in attack.
."Put your men in the right frame of mind. You can’t surrender In warfare. Fight it out to the last ammunition. The enemy might be as bad off as you are. It is much better to do that than to be madej prisoner.
“I have heard rumors that 90 percent of us wouldn't come back," he continued.
"That is tormmrot. I think you arc lucky to have this opportunity and I am happy to be with you. We have the best soldiers and best equipment and more of it than the German! ever dreamed of. After a few days of it you won’t have anything to worry about."
He urged them not to "condemn your men too quickly if they show fear in the early stages" but to "exert your leaderslup and lead them forward."
Japs' Hollandia Blown Out of War
IHE WAR TODAY
By the Associated Press
ITALY—Allied planes attack German airfield In Zagreb.
RUSSIA — Germans counterattack from Odessa.
BIRMA—Allies repulse Japanese attacks in Imphal arca.
EUROPEAN AERIAL—Allied planes over northern Germany.
PACIFIC—Two hundred and fifty Allied bombers deliver knockout blow at Hollandia, New Guinea.
9 Zeroes Downed
CHUNGKING. April 7—(/Pl—NiH« Zeros were shot down, three probably were downed and three others damaged from a 32-plane Japanese fightcr-bomber force which attacked an Allied airdrome at Nanning in Kwangsi province April 5, Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell! headquarters disclosed today.
Goebbels Awarded Berlin's Remains
LONDON, April 7—^—Adolf Hitler has appointed Joseph Paul Goebbels "president of the Reich capital" with final authority over direction of battered Berlin’s war effort, a German broadcast said today.
The broadcast added that Goebbels’ present posts as propaganda minister and gauleiter would not be affected.
German Factory Centers Blasted
LONDON. April 7—(ZP)—Striking anew at targets previously flattened by British heavy bombers, RAF Mosquitos attacked oft-battered Hamburg and other objectives in the Ruhr and Rhineland last night in the resumption of a campaign designed to thwart German efforts to reconstruct much-needed war industries.
The stab into the heavy-defended industrial area of the Reich was made at the cost of one plane, the Air ministry said.
Apparently it was the only blow aimed last night at the continent from the west, but shortly before noon today thr German radio warned that “single enemy planes" were over northern Germany, indicating the Allied offensive was being continued by daylight.
The overnight activity followed a heavy daylight attack by American Liberators on the Pas-de-Calais area on the French invasion coast, during which 600 tons of cx-plosives were unloaded on German military installations.
The Liberator raid—the second on the Pas-de-Calais area in two days—was earned out without the loss of a single plane. Returning crewmen said they did not sight any German fighters and that anti-aircraft fire was negligible.
Thunderbolt fighter-borate!* of the U. S. Ninth ail force also bombed and strafed targets in northern France without loss yesterday.
Red Press Plays Up Allied Raids
MOSCOW. April 7.—uPi—lucent heavy Allied raids against targe s on the European continent were given prominence tod.*y in the Russian press in six stories telling of the feats of British and American pilots.
Negroes Into Action
BOUGAINVILLE, Solomon Islands, April 2—(Delayed)—Negro troops of the 93d division went into combat for the first time today.
Officers said the negroes were calm under fire and drew the praise of veteran white soldiers who had been through the Munda campaign.
EMPLOYE DISPUTE CLOSES BIG STEEL PLANT AT KANSAS CITY
:inn Port Raided
LONDON, April 7—(A1!—Thirty Russian bombers with fighter es-brt attacked the Finnish port of [otka, east of Helsinki, today and a used damage and casualties, the merman radio said, quoting a Finnish communique.
KANSAS CITY. Mo. April 7 — (UP>—The big plant of the Sheffield Steel corporation was closed today by a strike of its 3 000 employes, members of the CIO United Steel Workers union, in protest over the replacement of a veteran employe with a three-year man.
A picket line was formed shortly before midnight, halting workers heading toward the plant for the midnight shift. Two police cars were on duty at the scene but no difficulty was reported.
The strike began yesterday rn
; the open hearth department. Union ; spokesmen said It was not author -1 ized by the organization. Some de-I partments continued to operate throughout the day but the strike gradually spread to halt all phases of the work.
Union and company officials met most of yesterday in an effort to iron out the difficulty and agreed tentatively to continue their discussions today.
A wage case involving the plant personnel now is pending before the labor board rn Washington.
Nippons Near Vital Railway
NEW DELHI, April 7—. TV-Japanese jungle detachments striking deep into Allied defenses guarding the Bengal-Assam railway have reached positions some 40 miles from that lifeline supporting Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell’! north Burma offensive and the air-borne supply route for China, it was disclosed today.
By associated press
The Japanese were running into some difficulty in their invasion of India today as Hollandia, their one remaining base of consequence in the Bismarck sea area, was silent and smoking, blown smack out of the Pacific war picture by 720 tons of bombs delivered in two installments.
Several isolated Japanese attacks have been repulsed In the Iinphal sector of northern India. Adm. Lord Louis Mount* batten announced, while lith army troops in northern Burma were said to have strengthened their hold on main roads and railways.
However. Japanese troops which had established load blocks between Imphal and Kohima were reported to have driven west of the road where they engaged Allied troops.
Gurkhas of the 17th Indian division which killed or wounded 1,800 Japanese in their drive into Imphal defeated an enemy tank force some 22 miles from Tiddim with such effect the Japanese took to mass hara kiri.
Despite continued pressure, the Allied supply lines still were operative.
American heavy bombers in a low-level attack caused considerable damage to the new Japanese-built Burma-Siam railway on Wednesday.
Hollandia, a staging base on the north coast of New Guinea, wa* ripe for the kill after lust Sunday's planes. On Wednesday, 250 Fifth army bombers packing 320 tons of explosives came back for the second and knockout blow and found the enemy helpless. Hollandia as an effective bas* was wiped out.
Not an enemy plane took to the air in interception, and anti-aircraft fire dwindled quickly as the big force completed its destruction without loss in a 50-minute attack.
Anny Liberators hit Truk for the 13th time in a week at the cost of two bombers.
VILLAGE ROCKED BY BLAST—Groceries in the O. C. His singer store at Glenvil Village. Nebr., were toppled from their shelve! by a blast that killed eight depot employes and shook the countryside for miles around the Hastings Naval Ammunition depot early April 8. Glenvil village is on the outskirts of the depot. (Al* Telemat).
L. W. Hilgenburg Dies in Accident
W I L L KIL WITHDRAWS— Wendell Willkic is shown as he paused in an address in Omaha Wednesda> night to say he wanted to make an announcement. That announcement was that he was withdrawing from the race for the Republican presidential nomination. (AP Wirephoto).
I S. DEPAIINIM OI COMMENCE *\ KA I III K Kl.run I
ABILENE and Vicimt.v Partly cloudy today, tonight and Saturday; cooler this afternoon and tonight, fresh winds on the coast aud fresh to strong winds today,
EAST TEAS—Cloudy tim afternoon, tonight and Saturn;,* Scattered thun dershowers this afternoon and in cast and south portions tonight and Saturday Cooler in northwest and extreme north portions tonight Fresh to strong winds.
WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon. tonight and Saturday Scatter cd shower* east of the Pecos river and Del Rio- Eagle Pass area Cooler rn Panhandle and South P'atm and east of Pecos river tome) • Fresh winds Maxmuni temperature for the past 21 hours 81.
Minimum temperature for the past 12 hours 61 rri-Thu Thu.Wed A M Hour P M 68 5»_ I — 74 82
67 5fi— 2— 78 66
64 58— 3— 73 83
62 57— 4— 81 72
62 57— 5—81 73
62 56— 8— HO 73
61 58— 7— 79 71
61 58— 6— 75 66
64 60— 9— 72 61
68 65—IO— 72 61)
68 68- 11—70 T>8
70 71—12—69 59
Surise this morning Sunset tonight
Funeral for L, VV Hilgenburg, 52, who was killed accidently Thursday when crushed beneath a bulldozer on the Alton Willingham farm 12 miles south of town, will be conducted at Kiker-Knight funeral chapel Saturday at 2 p. rn.
The Rev E B Surface will officiate and burial will be In the Cedar Hill cemetery. Time for the service had previously been set at 4 p. rn.
Pallbearers will be H J. Moreland, T. T. Harris, E N. Compere, E A. Sheppard, Ed Traweek, Homer Bible of Cisco and Lawrence Wall. Honorary pallbearers will be C W. Dudley, Gene Caldwell, T. E. Hayden, Joe Smith, J A Ponder, Phil Ford, Grady Bailey, Frank Smith, J. D. Miracle. R. E. Bible and Robert E. Grantham and Judge Eugene Lankford, both of Cisco,
Mr. Hilgemxfg was directing the operation of the bulldozer in clearing ground on the farm when the accident occurred shortly before noon. He had stopped behind the bulldozer to pi* k up a .stick. Operator of the machine did not see him, reversed the bulldozer and caught him bv the heels. He was pinned beneath the machine and killed instantly.
Survivors include his wife, the former Eva Katherine Johnson; Im mother, Mrs. H. W. Hilgenberg. Elk City; and five brothers, Ralph Hilgenberg, Breckenridge; R. ©.and Orville, Oklahoma City; Charles, Dumas, and B. C. Denver, Colo.
Former Iraq Chief Returned for Trial
LONDON, April 7 —(jf*>—A Reuters dispatch from Baghdad today said that former Premier Rashid All a1 Gailani of Iraq, who led a brief fight against the British in the spring of 1941 and later fled to Germany, has been brought back a prisoner to Baghdad with 19 of his colleagues.
(The ex-premier, who was sentenced to death in absentia by an Jraqui military court in January, 1942, was last reported iii Italy, where he presumably fell into Allied hands.)
Army, C-C Plan Drive for Paper
On orders of the Eighth Service command which said the Army j must re-claim urgently needed i waste paper, Camp Barkery officers and the chamber of commerce salvage committee, met this morning to formulate plans for an all-out drive this month.
( apt. Norman Turnbull, chief of the salvage branch, pledged a minimum of 20 trucks and Army personnel, while I. L. Pinkston, chamber of commerce salvage committee chairman, promised full cooperation, j Charles Rutledge, area scout ex-! ecutivc, said Abilene Boy Scouts ! would visit homes to instruct per-| sons how to bundle or box paper I before delivery to thr Army.
Salvage officials will meet again I April 19 to zone the town before trucks pick up the paper on April 25, 26 and 27. A zone will be worked each day by the collecting trucks.
At the completion of the drive the Eighth Service command will ; supply box cars and the paper will be loaded and shipped immediately.
Mother Asks Visit
PITTSBURGH, April 7.—t.-P)— j “Commando" Kelly's mother, deaf and her sight fast failing has appealed to President Roosevelt to allow her son to come home to visit her for a few days.
To Hold Port Al Any Cost'
MOSCOW, April 7. (AP) — The Germans have rushed special units into line with orders to defend Odessa at “any cost” and are battling on the close approaches to that Black sea port from favorable positions behind the many lagoons and lakes protecting the stronghold, Red Star dispatches reported today.
While the Germans struck out in strong counterattacks from the almost beleaguered base, Russian Stormovik planes and bombers pounded at the city’s defenses and escape lines of communications.
Three hundred miles to the northwest of the Russians engaged in stiff battles against large groups of enemy tanks, infantry and self-propelled guns sent to rescue another besieged German garrison at Tarnopol.
The attack was launched from German-held territory southwest of Tarnopol, the Russian bulletin said, and came after Marshal Gregory K. Zhukovs First Ukrainian army had captured more than half of the area within the city, Street fighting has been reported going on since Monday.
The Germans, it appeared, were attempting to rescue both the Tarnopol garrison and the remnants of 15 divisions encircled in the Skala sector northeast of (zeraowtts and have thrown formidable forces into the drive to crack the Red army cordons.
Zhukov’s troops, however, were reported to have tightened their ring of encirclement near Skala by capturing important defense strongpoints, including the fortified town of Skala itself.
Three hudred miles 501111103.'' of Tarnopol, Gen, Rodion Y Malinovsky’s Third Ukrainian army struck toward Odessa in a 15-mile drive from captured Razdelnaya, which brought it to a point 23 miles northwest of the Blink sin port, posing a new threat to that Nazi-held Bastion.
Malinovsky's drive, a brilliant flanking movement that apparently caught the enemy by surprise, drew closer the Red army ring being forged around the beleaguered port, already threatened from the north and northeast.
For the fourth straight day, the Moscow communique made no mention of the progress of Marshal Ivan S Konev's Second Ukrainian army, last reported across the Prut river nine miles above the Rumanian city of Iasi.
County 14 Percent Over Bond Quota
March purchases in Taylor county of series E, F and G war bonds totaled $258,068.75, the Federal Reserve bank reported today to C. M. Caldwell, county war bond chairman.
This volume of sales was $26.-368.75 over the county’s March quota of $231,700 or 14 percent above the quota.
Judge Caldwell was informed that the county's April quota is the same as that for March.
George Gafford Is German Prisoner
S-Sgt. George M. Gafford, 20, is a prisoner of the German government, his mother, Mrs. J. W. Weems, 1942 N. 5th, has been notified.
He was reported as missing in ; action over Austria since Feb. 24 when he was serving as a radio operator on a Liberator based in ! Italy.
RED ARMY NOW CAN 60 MORE PLACES, REPORTS ROOSEVELT
' WASHINGTON April 7— .V -President Roosevelt told a prcw-radio conference today that the Ru Man military dove had been j going extremely well and, by reach-I mg the w estern end of the Black 1 sea, had placed a great deal more I German-held territory in Jeopardy.
He indicated that he believed j Germany would find it lncreas-1 i ingly difficult to decide where to make a stand and where to dispose her manpower, since the Russians now are in a position to ex-Ipand their campaign to the West, I
j to the South, or to the Southwest.
The Red arni* nu" ha' more places to go, Mr. Roo'cvelt remarked; by a 'light turn to the south Soviet forces could launch an attack in the Balkans.
The president repeated that things on the Russian front were going extremely well, adding that I he could not prognosticate.
He said he knew nothing more about rumors that Rumania might make peace than was filtering through London.