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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 6, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR, WARMŒfje Mene Reporter ~i&etitö M0R™WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL. LXXHI, No. 294 Associated Press (4P) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 6, 1954—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES IN FOUR SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c High School Shopping Center Gets Approval PLEVEN LEAVES PARIS ATTACK SCENE—French Defense Minister Rene Pleven, hat-less between uniformed generals in center, is escorted from Paris’ Arch of Triumph after demonstrators slapped his face and pulled his hair in an apparent protest against the European army program. Army generals clearing a path for Pleven are, from left: Gen. Jean Clement Blanc, chief of the general staff; Gen. Fernand Phillipe Besancon, inspector general of artillery, and Gen. Henri Zeller, Paris military governor. The demonstrators, who interrupted a ceremony in honor of French defenders of the besieged Dien Bien Phu in Indochina, also tried to tip over Premier Joseph Laniel’s car. Face Facts, Don't Get Panicky: Ike WASHINGTON, April 5    — President Eisenhower said tonight the Russians would hesitate a long time before starting an atomic war “as long as they know that we are In a position to act strongly and to retaliate” with vasUy superior power. But he said the United States must prepare itself “very coldly and very carefully” against the danger that power-loving men in the Kremlin might attack “in a fit of madness or through miscalculation.’* Won’t Start War In a radio-TV talk designed to calm hydrogen bomb jitters on the part of Americans and some of their allies, the President declared without qualification that, “W® are not going to start a war.” Almost in the same breath he ■aid nothing will do more to keep the Russians in check than “the retaliation that would certainly be visited upon them if they were to attack agy of our nations or any part of our vital interests aggressively and in order to conquer us.” One of his major points was the problem of Communist penetration in this country—and Eisenhower said that while this is a danger the FBI is doing “a magnificent job” of combatting it. The President said “very grave offenses” can be committed “against an innocent individual if he is accused falsely by some one having the immunity of congres-■ional membership." But in the long run. Eisenhower declared, “Public opinion is the most powerful of all forces, and It will straighten this matter out whenever and wherever there is real violence to our people.” Nowhere did the President refer directly to individuals such as Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) or other mem bers of Congress whose methods of hunting Reds have become the subject of controversy. Praises FBI But he stressed that the nation’s bulwark against Red infiltration-— and he said “this fear has been greatly exaggerated as to numbers”—is the FBI. Twice he called attention to a report on this subject which Atty. Gen. Brownell is alated to give on radio and TV Fri day night. Eisenhower touched on other fears which, he said, trouble Americans: 1. Depression and unemployment. All the available figures indicate, he said, that unemployment is leveling off. And he repeated previous statements that the government will do whatever is necessary to head off a depression, but won’t be stampeded into any unnecessary “slambang” emergency program. 2. Possible loss of some free world allies exposed to communism. This country, declared the President, must work in harmony with its friends abroad, must never make the mistake of regarding them as tools rather than friends. Here he did not refer to Indochina specifically, though that’s the nation hardest pressed at the moment by the Reds. But he said that, “In every corner of the world, whether it’s to protect the southwest Pacific or NATO in Europe or wherever it is, we believe that the interested nations should band together and in a cooperative spirit maintain the freedom of those countries against any kind of Communist aggression." There was very little in the President’s talk that he hasn’t said in somewhat different words on other occasions. What it added up to was: Face Lawyers Want Duval Jury Reinstated SAN DIEGO, April 5 Lfl-Law-yers for a Duval County grand jury, which was tossed out for partiality, asked the judge today to take it back. Atty. Gen. John Ben Shepperd said this was “A scurrilous petition.” Shepperd said the dissolved jury was “tied financially, economically and by family relations” with political boss George Parr. An imported judge dismissed the jury last week before it ever got started. Situation Called Unique The attorney general said today: “It is inconceivable to me that another hand-picked instrument of George Parr should be crammed down the throats of the people of Texas.” He called the situation “unique-without parallel in the history of Texas.” Shepperd had accused the preceding grand jury of being hand-picked and dominated by Parr, whose financial affairs are being studied by state and federal agents. The attorney general was here today for the beginning of three taxpayers’ suits against Duval County and school officials. The suits were filed after Shepperd dis-footstool,    closed last winter that finances of “As such it is up to us to lead the county, schools and Parr had the facts and don’t get panicky. Or as he put it himself: “We do not have to be hysterical. We can be vigilant; we can be Americans. We can stand up and hold up our heads and say, America is the greatest force that God has ever allowed to exist on his School Trustees Pledge New Fight Westwood Development Co. Monday night was given City Zoning and Planning Commission approval of its plan to erect a shopping center just west of the new Abilene High School. Approval of the most recent of Arthel Henson and Associates plans came on a motion made by Albert McAlister and seconded by Mrs. John Dressen. Pete Olds joined McAlister and Mrs. Dressen in voting for the measure. Opponents of the move were Dr. W. D. Rich and Mrs. W. Ross Wissler. Nath White, only other board member present, abstained. Jay Jameson, chairman, was not entitled to a vote. Approved after lengthy discussion, the planned shopping center on North Mockingbird Lane is sure to draw fire from school and P-TA officials when.-* this world to a peaceful and secure existence, and I assure you we can do it!” Churchill Reveals Secret Atom Pact With Roosevelt LONDON, April 5 Uf — Prime | whether, constitutionally, such per Minister Churchill disclosed today a secret 1943 agreement with the late President Roosevelt not to use the atom bomb against another country without each other’s consent—an agreement no longer in effect because Churchill implied the Labor government had bungled. In a grim session on the far-reaching implications of recent atomic developments, Churchill told the House of Commons the been under investigation about year. Shepperd was here Wednesday when Dist. Judge A. S. Broad-foot held a court of inquiry and then dissolved the incoming trial jury panel, the grand jury and the jury commissioners who chose them Broadfoot was called out of retirement at Bonham to take over the 79th District when the Supreme Court ousted Judge Woodrow Laughlin as unfit to hold office. The new judge ruled that the PIGGY BACK TO AID STATION—A Vietnamese soldier fighting with the French defenders in the battle for the fortress Dien Bien Phu, carries a wounded buddy piggyback to a first aid station. The French high command said the defenders had beaten off the Vietminh rebels. U. S. TO OPPOSE MOVE Local Trial Asked In Housing Frauds sonal agreements between two individuals are desirable ... is a matter for consideration by his-1 jury commissioners “did not use torlans and constitutional ex- due care and diligence in select-perts."    i    ing    fair and impartial grand and In Washington, the White House petit jurors.” confirmed the secret agreement Beaumont Lawyers Hired had been made at the 1943 Quebec    Tu_    Roaiirnft„*    a(tnr„a„.    u„____ Conference but emphasized it is    Tk0    Beaumont    »«oniey.    Bruce “not in effect at the present time.” The 79-year-old Churchill in    hired them speaking on the secret Quebec un-!    4 derstanding with Roosevelt, said    L.    are 110 Interested in poli- „ Seven Abilenians charged with fraud in connection with obtaining Veterans Administration housing loans are seeking a change of venue of the cases against them to Abilene. pose the application for the eases to be tranferred to Abilene.” A total of 37 persons were named in nine indictments, all of their bonds returnable to Lubbock May 3. In addition to the 22 Abilenians, other defendants are residents of Secret Indictments returned Feb 4 by a federal grand jury in Dallas    Midland, Dallas,    Dublin, and Bel Votaw and W.    J.    Baldwin, said    the    were sent to the U. S. District    laire. jurors    and    commissioners    had    Court at Lubbock because the loans    The    indictments allege that they I were obtained through the VA dis-    made    fraudulent    statements In ob taining VA housing loans with the Bonds of the 37 persons, includ- | intent of having the veteran in Russians are making a closer race | it provided “a detailed arrange- tlcs>” 8aid Baldwin. “We do not    Bond:s    of_ the 37    - - -    -    raent t0 insure full and effective care uho ls involved.”    in8    22    Abilenians,    are    returnable    whose    name    the    loan    was    obtain- NEWS INDEX SECTION A Women*« new« 4 Oil newt ... . . . 6-7 SECTION B Sport* ......... Editorial* ....... 4 Comics......... • • • .....5 Radio * TV jog . . * , • .....6 SECTION C Meed's Bakery . . . • ... 1-« SECTION D Pete* new*...... .. _____ 6 with the United States In hydrogen bomb developments than in the outmoded A-bomb. A Labor motion calling upon the government to take “immediate iniative” to get a meeting of the Big Three heads of governments was passed without a vote. Churchill did not oppose the idea. Socialists were outwardly angry at Churchill for bringing up his secret atomic agreement with Roosevelt, however, and former Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison declared: “It was very personal and consider com- collaboration    between    the    United i    They    handed the judge a 28-page th* dtotrict court at Lubbock    edseU    the    loan    immediately to    an- States,    Britain    and    Canada,    includ-!    petition    asking that he seat the    n ,'Iipv u-ni 'nLn    °    u    purchaser    who    had    no    GI ing the setting up of a committee dissolved grand jury.    thSJt    court    rights. The judge said he had such an The defendants seeking to have over-loaded docket and    the    petition    the cases against them transferr- was so    long he didn’t know when    ed to AbUene are Raymond Thom- he’d be    able to read it and rule on    ason Sr.; Raymond Thomason Jr.; it-    Monty Don Thomason and    his wife, Votaw and Baldwin    said    they’ll    Anetta; Helen McMurry,    sister-in- in Washington to bined policy.” He twitted the Labor government that took power in 1945 for not carrying through with the atomic exchange of information. Churchill said: “That was how things stood b® when the (Attlee) Socialist government came to office. Any changes in the interval are their responsibility or misfortune.” House Rejects Teacher Plans AUSTIN, April 5 WP)—The House rejected today all efforts to change the basic teacher pay plan supported by both Gov. Shivers and the Texas State Teachers Assn. but delayed final action until tomorrow. More than a dozen amendments were pending when backers of the bill decided the House had grown too weary to complete debate tonight. Possible majority support of an amendment to give vocational agriculture teachers a $535 increase because they work a 12-month year was indicated. That proposition will be pending when the House resumes work at 10 a.m. Rejected by an overwhelming majority wos Rep. Charles Murphy \s proposal to allow local school boards discretion to give merit raises. The House killed that, 121-21, after backers of the governor’s program insisted any increase in teacher salaries should be made on an “across the board” basis. Brushed aside by a closer margin was an amendment by Rep. Barefoot Sanders, Dallas, which would hav® eliminated th® proposed changes in school financing and would nave done nothing except give teachers th® $402 booat in court every morning until law of the elder Thomason; W. O. Broadfoot does rule. If the judge Hayter Jr., and R. V. Davis. Ad rules against them, they said, they are represented by the law firm of will go to the Court of Criminal Appeals. Baldwin said the judge should Scarborough, Yates, Scarborough and Black. A hearing on their application for 10 WHERE TO VOTE al have questioned each of the men|    *?.r as to their qualifications. “They are all citizens and good men.” a.m. Wednesday In Fort Worth before Judge Dooley, who is now in Baldwin said aach grand Juror    fil?! S5e,r,*‘ »aid there was no reason why h. ££» {here “ would not return an indictment a- gainst Parr or anybody else. More from Austin, Pg. 3-A in baae pay as recommended by Shivers. Sanders said the proposed 80-20 ratio on state and local financing will mean increasingly heavier taxes. This in turn, he said, will mean increasing pressure on the Legislature to increase the “offset” allowance in the conference bill. The offset is a credit of $100 per teacher designed to ease the initial Impact of the 80-20 ratio on local districts. Under present law, the total of local district contributions to the minimum school program is 45 million dollars per year. The 80-20 ratio would make the districts pay part of the increasing cost of education. Briscoe called the 80-20 provision, when combined with the $100 offset, "one of the best equalizers” he has seen in school financing. A tax bill to foot the $25,600,000 a year cost of pay raises recommended by Shivers for teachers and state employes gained Senate committee approval and will be ready for floor debate tomorrow. It is a modified version of the $30,-000,000 tax measure aaaed by the house. Snyder Jail Pact Awarded SNYDER, April 5. — Jones Construction Co. of Snyder and Big Spring was awarded the contract to build a new jail and office structure by city commissioners here Monday night. Also let was a bid to Southern Steel Co. of San Antonio for jail equipment. The combined bids totaled slightly more than $18,200, said Jack Schiebel, city manager. In other major business Monday night, the commissioners approved the final estimates for a $50,000 water main contract to build 10, 12 and 16-inch water mains to the southwest portion of Snyder, Schiebel said. The Jones Construction Co. bid was low with a figure slightly above $13.000. He said bids ran from the $13,000 figure to around $20,000. The jail is to be built of reinforced concrete; the office section will be of concrete blocks. Roman brick will be used as trim. The building will be adjacent to the present City Hall. Davis Scarborough will represent the defendants in the hearing at Fort Worth Wednesday. He said none of the defendants will attend. U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Floore said in a telephone conversation from Fort Worth late Monday that the government “will op- Precincts 1, 2, 7 and 8 South Junior High School. ‘ Precincts 3, 4, $ and 6 at Woman’s Building. Fair Park. Precincts 9, 10 and 13 at YMCA. Precincts 11, 12, and 14 at North 16th and Orange St., fire station. AI1 qualified voters residing in North Park School District, which was annexed to the city for school purposes only, will vote for school board candidates at the North 16th end Orange Sts. fire station. it is discussed by the City Commission. Mrs. Jack Sparks, president of the city P-TA council, said: "We still fed like we’ve always felt. This hasn’t changed our minds in the least. Plan Fight “We certainly plan to fight it." W. E. Fraley, president of the school board, said the action Monday night will be discussed by the School Board at its meeting next Monday. The center will be 410 feet deep on the west side of North Mockingbird Lane between North Sixth and State Sts. From 260 west on North Mockingbird Lane was approved as Zone B <2-family residences). It will be used as a parking area. The remaining 150 foot portion was approved as Zone F (local retail). In the F zone Henson said he plans to erect a filing station, office buildings and retail stores (shopping center). Approval Restricted Recommendation to the City Commission for its approval was also with the restriction that Henson and associates present to the city attorney a con vena nt restrict ing use of the east 260 feet of the block to parking only Henson’s plans presented to the zoning panel Monday night called for a barrier to be erected along North Mockingbird Lane the entire ! length of the block to serve as a i buffer between the new high school and the shopping area. Entrances into the parking area for the shopping center would be on North Sixth and State Sts. and on the street on the west side of the shopping center. Before passage of the motion to submit the shopping area to the City Commission for its approval a motion by Dr. Rich to have Henson get official school board approval was defeated by Olds, McAlister, and Mrs. Dressen. Rich and Mrs. Wissler voted to table the motion until school board okay was sought. White also abstained on voting on this motion. SPOT OF TEA? Java Jumps, Sales Sag, Looks Bad WASHINGTON. April 5 (it—Coffee prices jumped again today and one roaster said the day may not be far off when housewives will by paying $1.50 a pound for java in the grocery stores. Maxwell House increased its wholesale prices six cents a pound to $1.22. The Great AUantic & Pacific Tea Co., made a five cent increase on its own brands. Its new prices will range from $1.09 to $1.17. Other concerns sro expected to follow suit. Meanwhile, a Senate Banking subcommittee pushed ahead with its hunt for the cause of the increases. Brazilian coffee growers have blamed a heavy frost in that country. John K. Evans, general manager of the Maxwell House division of General Foods Corp., told the senators his company’s sr s are still ahead of sales in previous years but, “There can be no doubt that high prices ultimately will result in consumer resistance.’ " Actually, Evans said, coffee consumption in general was down 12 per cent in February compared to the same month of 1953. Evans and other witnesses assured the senators that American wholesalers and retailers are not making huge profits in coffee. T. Carroll Wilson, vice president of HiUs Bros. Coffee, Inc., San Francisco, said the retail grocer “hasn't been taking advantage of the consumer,” and that his own firm actually is “many cents per pound behind" what it costs to replenish its own stocks. John F. McKeiman, executive The trio granting approval of the vice president of the National Cof-measure, in earlier discussions, fee Assn., New York, said his had indicated they favored a "weU latest reports from Brazil were planned" shopping center near the school rather than the less expensive homes heavy traffic would attract.    • Plans Said Favorable Henson indicated at the meeting that his new plans were favorable to most school board members he had contacted. Following the meeting W. E. Fra-1 ley, president of the school board, came to the Reporter-News and said his position, and as far as he See HIGH SCHOOL, Pg. 2-A, Col. 6 that the 1953 frost damage in that country was much heavier than had been reported earlier. BULLETIN WILMINGTON, Del., April I Uf — Pierre S. duPont, 84, former president and chairman of the board of the huge E. I. du Pont de Nemours Co., died here tonight. THE WEATHER W. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BI KE A I’ ABILENE AND VICINITY: ParUy cloudy and warm Tueaday and Wednesday. High Tueaday near 90. Low Tueaday nl»ht near *5. High Wednesday near 85.    * NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS:    Partly cloudy and warm through Wedneaday; widely scattered thunderahowera Tueaday night. WEST TEXAS Partly oloudy through Wedneaday; no important changea. TEMPERATURES Mon. P M. 1:30 ,,,......... 84 2 30 ............ 84 3 30 ............ 87 4 30 ............ 8» 5.30 .........  88 « 30 ............ 85 7 30  ........... 82 • 30 .....   80 • 30 ............ 78 10 30 ............ 11:30 ............ 80 ............ 13:30    ..... High and low temperature* for 34 hours ended at 8:30 pm.: 89 and 65. High and low temperaturea tame date laat year: 70 and 81. Sunaet laet night 7:01 p m. Sunrise today 8 33 a m. Sunset tonight 7:03 p m. Barometer reading at *30 p m. IS OS RelaUee humidity at t:)0 pm. 80%. Big Turnout Seen In Elections Today ’ Abilene voters today decide which five of thirteen candidates will help direct theti city and school administrations for the approaching terms. Contests for all but one of the three school trusteeships and for both city commission posts are expected to bring out an unusually large vote. Candidate • wise it is the second most competitive election since Abilene adopted its city manager-commission charter in 1948. Balloting at the four polling places for the election start«! at 8 a.m. and the polls close at 7 p. m. Barring those in which there are special issues most city elections usually have a vote turnout of from 2,000 to 3,000. Elections in which there have been special issues have attracted upwards of 8,000. The thirteen candidates for die posts this year has been exceeded only by the 16 who ran In 1951. The vote here could run as high as 8,500, since about that many residents currently bold poll tax receipts, acording to Raymond O. Petree, Taylor County tax-assessor-coUector, Residents must show a poll tax receipt to vote. City Secretary Lila Fern Martin said. Most vigorously sought spot ls City Commission Place No. 2. Among the four candidates for the spot is incumbent J. Floyd Mal-com, an outspoken figure who has frequently criticized features of the city policy in the past year. This will be the first public test of Malcom’s views. The candidate slate: School Board, Place No. 1—Morgan Jones, Jr., incumbent. School Board, Place No. X — W. Lee Byrd, W. A. (Dick) Dickenson and OUie McMinn, incumbent. School Board. Place No, 3 — Jimmy Partin and Mrs. Thomas E. Roberta incumbent. City Commission, Place No. 2— Clell Whetsel. E. A. Hooper, Sr.. Aidrous R. Oglesby and J. Floyd Maicom, incumbent. City Commission, Piace No. 4 — Dr. W. D. Rich, H. A. Reeves and C. T. (Tommy) Conerly, incumbent. Campaigning for the political posts has been through media of newspaper, radio, personal contact, and mailed campaign literature. Oglesby, backed by the VFW. and Conerly have sent literature through the mail One candidate for each of the posts if backed by the Good Government League. They are Hooper, Rich, Jones, Byrd and Mrs. Roberts.Set Your City's Coming Course—Vote Today ;