Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 5, 1954, Abilene, Texas
WARM©je Abilene Reporter -Bern'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 293
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 5, 1954—TWELVE PAGES
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Demos Want H-Bomb Defenses Explained
RIVER BASIN DELEGATES — These delegates to the Arkansas-White-Red River Inter-Agency Commission meeting in Little Rock c hat during a break in the sessions. They are, from left: Walter L Huber, San Francisco, who was appointed by President Eisenhower as an adviser to the commission; Brig. Gen. Herbert D. Vogel of Dallas, commission chairman, and A. P. Rollins of Austin, member of Texas State Board of Water Engineers._
3 Persons Die In Breck Blaze
BRECKENR1DGE, April 4. (RNS) — A 78 - year - old Negro woman and her two great-granddaughters were burned to death here about 11:30 p.m. Saturday.
The victims were:
MRS. SUSIE COLE. 78. Breck-tnridge.
DEBRA PRICE, 19 months, great-granddaughter of the elderly victim, and daughter of Mary Dell Price.
LINDA BURNETT, 14 months, •Iso a great-granddaughter of Mrs. Cole. Her parents are Mr. and Mrs. Joe Burnett. *
Bodies of the three were recovered from the bedroom of Mrs. Cole’s home by Stephens County Sheriff Tom Offield about 12:30 a.m. Sunday.
Leroy Meador, Brcckenridge taxicab driver, reported the fire to the Breckenridge Fire Department at 11:30 p.m. Saturday. When firemen arrived the three or four-room home was completely engulfed in flames, barring any rescue attempts.
Milburn Nutt, Brcckenridge fireman, said Sunday there is no fire hydrant near the Cole home in the Negro section in southeast Breckenridge. Chemicals were used by the fire department to bring the blaze under control.
A fire department booster truck was employed to keep the roaring fire from spreading to other nearby residences, he said.
When the flames were finally brought under control and the ruins cooled sufficiently to allow recovery of the bodies, all were burned beyond recognition, Sheriff Offield said.
Location of the bodies inside the house led investigators to believe that the elderly Negro woman may have attempted to flee the inferno with the two small children.
Parents of Linda Burnett, who were spending the night with her grandmother, were sleeping at
their home nearby when the fire broke out, Sheriff Offield said. Mothe rof Debra Price, who lived with Mrs. Cole, was away at the time.
The bodies were taken to Kiker Funeral Home.
Joint funeral services for the elderly woman and the two children will be held at 3 p.m. Monday at the Church of God and Christ in Breckenridge. Burial will be in Breckenridge Cemetery.
Survivors of Mrs. Cole are four daughters, Mrs. Omie Byers and Mrs. Etta Mae Henderson, both of Breckenridge, Clara Baker of Crosbyton, and Mrs. Marvalla James of Borger; two sons, Bill Cole of Breckenridge, and Archie Cole of Waco; 24 grandchildren and several great-grandchildren.
Linda Burnett’s survivors are her parents.
Devra Price is survived by her mother.
Mundt Says Committee Will Drop Sears If Army Objects
WASHINGTON. April 4 Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said tonight that the Senate Investigations subcommittee will not keep Samuel P. Sears as counsel during its probe of the Army fight with Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) if the Army objects.
To Be Questioned Sears, a Boston lawyer, will be questioned by subcommittee members tomorrow about statements attributed to him in 1952 as hailing McCarthy’s re-election and praising the Wisconsin senator for
German Smuggling Ring Is Smashed
HEIDELBERG, Germany, April 4 Ufi—A giant international smuggling ring, estimated to have handled at least 24 million dollars worth of goods and currency annually, was smashed today in a coordinated series of raids throughout West Germany and France, U. S. Army headquarters said tonight.
WHERE TO VOTE IN CITY BALLOT
Two city commissioners and three school trustees will be named in the annual election here Tuesday.
Four boxes have been designated for the balloting.
Residents of the Abilene school district living outside the city limits will vote only on the trustees. Voters living within the city limits will cast their ballot for a city commissioner and three school trustees.
Location of voting boxes and precincts which they will serve will be:
South Junior High School— Precincts 1, 2. 7 and 8.
Woman’s Building at Fair Park — Precincts 3, 4, 6 and 6.
YMCA — Precincts 9, 10 and 13.
North 16th and Orange Sts. Fire Station — Precincts 11, 12, 14 and 15 (North Park School district).
Crash Kills City Woman
Mrs. Virginia Lewis Moreland, 26, of 897 Beech St., was killed about 12:30 a.m. Sunday in an automobile accident about 35 miles south of Abilene on U. S. Highway 277.
Another person in the car, Jack Logdon Wayte, 35, of 901 Beech St., escaped with only cuts and bruises.
Highway Patrolman C. A. Cockrell said she was killed when the 1949 Chrysler she was apparently driving failed to make a curve and overturned two or three times.
The car ran off the roadway on the right and apparently overturned as the driver was attempting to right It. The car came to rest in a barrow ditch on the left side of the road. It was demolished.
The pair was believed to have been en route to Abilene from San Angelo when the fatal accident occurred.
A Spill Funeral llome ambulance from Winters brought Mrs. Moreland and Wayte to Hendrick Memorial Hospital here. She was dead on arrival. Wayte was treated for cuts and bruises and released.
Mrs. Moreland was born June 28, 1927 in Abilene and was a 1942 graduate of Abilene High School. She was a secretary and bookkeeper for Triangle Oil Well Supply Co.
She is survived by her parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. R. Lewis, of 897 Beech St.
Funeral services for the accident victim will be held at 4 p.m. Monday in the Kiker-Warren Funeral Home chapel. The Rev. Sidney Cox, pastor of the Immanuel Baptist Church, and Dr. Paul Southern, minister of the North Side Church of Christ will officiate. Burial will be In Elmwood Memorial Park.
“a great job” in driving Communists out of government.
These statements came to light after Sears was appointed last Thursday. He told a news conference, in answer to a question, that he had never taken a stand publicly or privately on McCarthy or “McCarthyism.”
Mundt said he presumed Secretary of the Army Stevens would make the decision on whether there was any objection to Sears serving.
In talking to reporters after being interviewed on NBC’s TV show “Meet the Press,” Mundt also said the Defense Department had opened a “Pandora’s box” in appointing its own counsel and raising the question of whether the counsel would be permitted to cross-examine witnesses at the hearing. The same rules should apply to both sides, he said.
Mundt, who will serve as chairman of the subcommittee while McCarthy steps aside during the inquiry, said he had almost persuaded the Wisconsin senator to give up his own rights to cross-examine.
Welch Upsets Plans
This, Mundt said, was upset by the appointment of Joseph N. Welch, 63, another Boston attorney, as the Army counsel. The only way McCarthy could be prevented from maintaining his right to cross-examine, if he insisted, Mundt said, would be for the Senate itself to overrule him.
The South Dakota senator told reporters he would insist that Welch be sworn in if he actually presents the Army case since the subcommittee cannot accept testimony not given under oath.
Mundt said the subcommittee’s j files would be opened to the Army j counsel and he expected the Army j to open its files to the subcommittee counsel.
On the TV show, Mundt said that if both sides stick to their stories and charges it will be obvious that someone Is lying and the case will be turned over to the Justice Department for possible perjury prosecutions.
Another possible outcome, he said, would be for some of the principals to be fired from the jobs if misconduct is proven. Mundt added, however, that this couldn’t apply to McCarthy, who he said could be removed only by “the people of Wisconsin” or. In an extreme, the Senate itself.
McCarthy has said he and Stevens are not the principals in the dispute but it involves primarily the subcommittee counsel, Roy Cohn, and the Army ’a counsel, John G. Adams.
Rebel Forces Ease Attacks Against Fort
HANOI, Indochina, April 4 (£)— Stung by their heavy losses, the Communist-let Vietminh forces began pulling back slightly from the Dien Bien Phu barricades tonight and a French spokesman said It was doubtful If they would be able to mount another heavy assault within the next 12 hours.
The pullback was from the eastern and southeastern defenses of the dustbowl fort 175 miles west of Hanoi.
A French High Command spokesman emphasized, however, that the withdrawal was only about 400 or 500 yards and that It was “too early” to say that It constituted a retreat in force.
The spokesman said the withdrawal was not a definite indication that the Vietminh intended to abandon its attacks in those sectors. It could be that the enemy was merely regrouping for fresh mass assaults, he added.
Since the Communist-led rebels started their all-out attack March 13, authoritative estimates said they have lost 21,000 in killed and wounded, or about half the attacking force.
But the French were still outnumbered.
The defenders earlier today turned back fresh waves trying to overrun the northwestern defenses where the enemy had advanced to within a mile of the core of the valley.
The French also counterattacked time after time.
Vietminh attackers, moving up behind a curtain of rebel artillery fire tried to smash through the barbed wire barriers only to be cut to ribbons by the fortress’ American-supplied guns.
The roar of big guns echoed across the dusty, hill-circled plain as French and Vietminh artillery waged bitter duels attempting to knock out each other’s firing positions.
The rebels concentrated on trying to strengthen their footholds In the northwest and southeast, where they hold ground barely a mile from the bastion’s core.
But they struck also at the southwest defenses. The French said they pushed back the first rebel attempt at a breakthrough there, inflicting “heavy losses.” At one point the French counted 200 Vietminh dead, their bodies dangling like scarecrows in the barbed wire defenses which still held firm.
French pilots flew more than 100 sorties against the rebels the past 24 hours. There was no let up for the defenders, weary after five days and nights of constant attack by a rebel force which outnumbers them at least six to one.
Apparently the Vietminh commander, Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, has hopes a breakthrough from either side would cause the rest of the French defenses to crumble.
Continuous assaults the past 96 hours have cost the rebels heavy losses. The French said the fighting has been so furious they have not had time to count the dead, but that the Vietminh casualties were staggering. French casualties were believed high, but not comparable to the rebels’.
The French said a bold attempt will be made tomorrow to airlift their own wounded from Dien Bien Phu’s shell-pocked airfield.
LAUGHTER TO TEARS — Frances Mae Fisher, Kentucky’s Cherry Blossom princess, was crowned queen of the annual Washington festival Saturday by Robert Montgomery, actor and producer. Miss Fisher is shown above as she watched the “Wheel of Fortune” Friday night name her the queen. At left, she claps hand to face as she gets the word she is queen; at right she uses Chief Justice Earl Warren’s handkerchief to dab away the tears after he brushed a few away.
Disarmament Talks Center on H-Bomb
WASHINGTON, April 4 W—The United States and Russia will go into new disarmament talks at the United Nations more widely split over control of atomic weapons than they have ever been.
The Western powers' call for an early meeting of the U.N. Disarmament Commission seems to be prompted more by public and political reaction in Europe to the terrific impact of the American hydrogen bomb explosions than to any belief that the time has finally come when something can be accomplished with the Russians.
Ike Asked to Tell People of Plans
WASHINGTON, April 4 fAP) — Democrats called on President Eisenhower today to spell out in his radio-television report to the nation tomorrow night how the United State’s proposes to meet the threat of hydrogen bomb attacks on America.
Republicans generally applauded the President’s decision to speak out to the people about their fears, domestic and international.
Eisenhower will speak from 7:30 to 8 p.m., CST on NBC, CBS and ABC television networks, with Dumont probably joining. The NBC, ABC and Mutual radio networks will carry the speech at the same time, and CBS from 10.30 to 11 p.m.
Princess Mdrtha Dies
OSLO, Norway, Monday, April 5 <fk~down Princess Martha of Norway died early today after a long Ulneii. She was 53.
Winters Youth Injured by Car
WINTERS, April 4 (RNS)—Tommy Broyles, 13-year-old Winters boy, was severely injured here Sunday when struck by a car.
He suffered a compound fracture of the lower left leg. The bones were crushed just above the ankle.
Driver of the car was Charley Chapman, about 65. a farmer who lives near here.
Tommy and four other boys had just got out of a car and were crossing Main St. to attend Sunday School at the First Baptist Church,
The car struck Tommy, knocking him down, and the rear wheel rolled over the boy’s ankle. He was taken to Winters Municipal Hospital for emergency treatment, then rushed to Hendrick Memorial Hospital In Abilene by Spill Ambulance.
Tommy is the son of Mr. and Mrs. O. L. Broyles. His father is an employe of Halliburton Oil Well CemenUng Co. here.
Investigating officers were Chief of Police Bill Whitley and Deputy Sheriff John Wilton. _ ____
Night Guard Beaten, bul Thwarts Thief
W. H. Stevenson, 80-year-old nightwatchman, was severely beaten early Sunday morning while thwarting a burglary of the Abilene Laundry and Dry Cleaning Service, 768 Walnut St.
Stevenson was admitted to Hendrick Memorial Hospital where 45 to 50 stitches were taken in his head, police said. He was reportedly “doing pretty good” Sunday night.
Police said Stevenson was struck seven or eight times about 3 a.m. Sunday by a young Negro man wielding a soft drink bottle.
The elderly man struggled with the burglar and thwarted the burglary, according to police.
The burglar entered the laundry through a window on the north side and probably made his exit the same way, investigators report.
Nothing was reported missing by owners of the laundry following
A 22-year-old Abilene Negro was arrested Sunday in connection with the burglary and beating. He is being held for “Investigation of burglary,” Det. Warren Dodson said Sunday night.
Stevenson’s residence is at 710 Pine St.
Authorities here said they do not plan to present to the Disarmament Commission any report on the hydrogen bomb explosions Nor do they expect to disclose to the group the secret conversations between the United States and Russia which have been under way since January on President Eisenhower’s proposal for an atoms-for-peace pool, i The original incentive for the ' U.N. disarmament talks reported-! Iy was taken by Prime Minister Churchill's British government which is under fire in Parliament because of Churchill’s stout support of the American policy of developing and experimenting with the H-bomb.
Churchill defended it as a deterrent to war. but his Labor opposition forced the scheduling of a debate this week on a call for a top level big power meeting to do something about the bomb.
Presumably the action taken toward assembling the Disarmament Commission will permit the prime minister to assure his critics and supporters alike that such steps as are possible are being taken through the prescribed machinery of the United Nations. In this, he can assert he has the full cooperation and support of the United States.
The government here has not regarded with favor, however, past suggestions of either Churchill or his opponents for a meeting that would include President Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Malenkov.
Sen. Jackson (D-Wash) said he hopes the President will make clear the course this country will take in a situation where Jackson said the H-bomb has become more or less “neutralized” because it belongs to Russia as well as to the United States.
New Statement Due “It seems to me that a new statement of foreign and military policy is necessary to correct the blunder that was made when it was announced that our defense would be based primarily on atomic retaliation.” Jackson said.
“I think it is becoming more apparent every day that such weapons are becoming neutralized because of their awesome destruction power and may never be used by either side.” He added:
Are we going to put all of our defense eggs in that basket at the expense of building up conventional weapons, the kind that must be used to stop aggression short of atomic and hydrogen arms?” Sen. Smathers (D-Fla) said he fears the “new look” military pol icy which the President has de-, fended vigorously threatens **llq-| uidation” of the armed forces re-|serves.
Secretary of State Dulles has said that the policy of “massive retaliation’’ relies more heavily on air power and new weapons than on attempts to match ground forces with the Russians and their satellites.
Smathers said if a reduction In spending is the objective, he knows of no better u’ay to get it than by substituting organized reserves for regular units.
Sen. MeCarran (D-Nev) said In a separate interview that the people generally want some assurances that the hydrogen bomb “isn’t going to be dropped on New York tomorrow.”
Sen. Hill (D-Ala), asserted the President ought to “tell the people what our defenses are against the hydrogen bomb.”
Briton’s Atom Fears Handed To Churchill
BUGS BUNNY CONTEST OPENS
Youngsters, turn to page 5-A right now and get in on the Bugs Bunny Easter Coloring Contest. Today’s sketch is for children 8, 9, 10 and 11 years old. Tuesday a sketch will be printed for children 7 years old and younger.
Cash prizes will be awarded winners in each division.
Cash prizes will be awarded winners in each division.
LONDON, April 4 <*—Britons turned to Winston Churchill tonight with an anxiety felt only in war years. They were hopeful his vast personal prestige can bring an understanding among the big powers on the hydrogen bomb and disarmament generally.
Even some leftwing critics of the prime minister privately felt he alone could ease the tension which followed the latest American H-bomb tests in the Pacific.
Speech Slated Churchill worked all day at Chartwell, hia country residence, on the speech he will deliver in the House oE Commons tomorrow In debate on the H-bomb. The speech was expected to be directed at the Americans and Russians as much as to quiet fears at home.
He has received American aid and cooperation in preparing his stand. Informants in Washington said he had been given information on the H-bomb tests permissible under restrictions of the Atomic Energy Act.
Laborite leaders were hopeful of persuading Churchill to go along with their motion asking him to press anew for a Big Three meeting with President Eisenhower and Premier Malenkov.
There was speculation here that the Big Three call yesterday for new atomic talks in the U. N. Disarmament Commission might take much of the sting out of the debate. Washington sources said that was the intention.
Former Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison, deputy leader of the opposition, told a Labor party meeting:
“We tried to frame the motion in a restrained way that will make it easy for the government to accept, and I hope they will.” Leftwingers Warned Socialist policymakers led by former Prime Minister Clement Attlee have cautioned the leftwingers in the party against an all out attack on Churchill, underscoring the gravity felt her* that crosses political lines.
Chances of Being Killed In Atomic Attack Hiked
WEATHER BUREAU V. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ABILENE AND VICINITY - Partly cloudy and warmer Monday and Tuesday. Hiuti both days near SS. Low Monday nlsht near 65.
NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS: Partly cioudy with no important temperature changes Monday and Tuesday.
FAST TEXAS: Cotulderable cloudlnee* and warm Monday and Tuesday with chance of widely scattered showers near the coast. Moderate to fresh southeast winds on the coast.
74 77 79
PM. . 61
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High and low temperatures for 34 houre ended at 0 30 p m.: 06 and 03.
High and l«nr temperatures same date last yer.r: 70 and 44 Sunset last night 7:01 p m. Sunrisa today 0:23 a. m aunset tonight 7:01 p.m. Barometer reading at 0 30 p m. 20 Í0.
Relativo Humidity at 0:30 p a « per
By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter
WASHINGTON, April 4 IJI — What’s your chance of being killed in an atomic attack?
Obviously, it’s a lot bigger than a year ago, before Russia learned how to set off a hydrogen explosion, and bigger than five years ago, before she produced her first atomic detonation.
But it’s lessened by the increasing U. S. power to strike back, and by the improving rings of defense being set up around the country and its major cities. And even ip an area where a bomb hits, some persons—and you could well be one of them—will escape death or even serious Injury.
Not even the best geopoliticians and strategists can calculate the prospect that Russia would make an atomic attack. But if she does, here are some factors you can consider in figuring your chances: Factors of Chances
1. The prospects that the Soviet Union could maintain an atomic war, once launched, are substantially less than they were two or three years ago. Expanding air power has given this country the ability to strike back swiftly at Russian airdromes and factories. The more enemy installations taken out by retaliatory air strikes, the fewer will be the bombers that can take otf for American targets. 3. A network el early warning
radar stations is growing, and while it is not now' and never will be airtight, the chances of detecting and tracking approaching enemy aircraft are improving. Interceptor forces are expanding with a constant flow of jet fighters from the production lines.
3. Some enemy planes will get through, and each one carrying an A-bomb or H-bomb can do great damage. But then they run into the close-in defenses, including conventional and “skysweepers” antiaircraft guns and guided missiles such as the “Nike.”
4. Against the threat of planes that actually get through with their bombs, there is “passivdefense”— shelter from explosion and heat and radiation, and evacuation of cities after warning.
Even within the area of complete annihilation it might tie possible to survive in a well-built bomb shelter or deep subterranean place.
What will it be like?
This reporter once crouched in a slit trench about one and half miles from an exploding atom bomb. This is the way it was:
There was a white light, mounting swiftly in Intensity in the span of a few' seconds until the unearthly brilliance washed out all shadow and seemed to probe for you. Racing with almost the speed of light was the swift wall of radiant heat, an instant of hotness even in the cool protection of the trench bottom, The light begin dying iwaj
into red. orange, then burned out.
A pause, a waiting, tense stillness In the black pre-dawn . , . then a rumble and an earthquake that twisted the ground and made it writhe and reel and sent dirt spilling down from the walls of the trench . . . and as that subsided, a single, ear-splitting, awful crack as the sound of the explosion touched you—no rumbling, echoing thunder as you heard it recorded from a distance by radio or television. just a mighty bang.
And then the shock front (you have seen it in motion pictures as a swiftly spreading, giant bubbla of air, like a view distorted by light wave refraction over a hot stove) is upon you . . . slashing over your head as you crouch low . . stones and rocks and rubble whistling across the trench top.
In its wake there is the dust, thick and choking and blanketing vision.
Then silence, while you wait a minute or tw'o to be certain. You stand up and look. Yes there is the famous mushroom stem beginning to rise to join the atomic cloud which hovers above. If there is no heavy moisture or rain in the air, the radioactive contamination Is no great danger. A good washing and a change of clothes will do after your walk out of the zone.
If there were people In that flattened, seared ‘‘zero” point over there, they would be deed. But you ire «litre,