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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 3, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND WARMER ftye Abilene Importer -Jims; "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron MORNING Associated Press ( AP) VOL. LXXIII, No. 291 Duval County Jury Backs Own Officials SAN DIEGO, Tex., April 2 W— The Duval County grand jury reported today it had heard no evidence that could ‘‘support any indictment against a public official of Duval County.” Shepperd ‘Not Surprised' Attorney General John Ben Shepperd said he was ‘‘not surprised” at the report. “1 feel sorry for members of the grand jury,” he said, ‘‘because they are so tied in with the political machine in Duval County and with George Parr they couldn’t do anything else.” Parr is the political boss of Duval. State and federal agencies hav^ been probing his stomping grounds for months. The grand jury made an investigation, too. The jury recommended an independent audit of the county’s books and blasted Shepperd. It accused the attorney general of putting “stumbling blocks’’ before its probe. ‘‘That’s ridiculous,” Shepperd said in Austin. “They did exactly what I predicted Feb. 9:    Whitewash the situation. They not only wouldn't but because of business, political, family and economic conditions couldn’t do anything about conditions. “At least five members of the jury were so connected with matters under investigation that they were in the position of investigating themselves.” The grand jury report was signed by foreman J.C. King and all other members of the jury. Violation Charged Shepperd has charged there was widespread law violations in the county, including apparent misuse of public funds. A S. Broadfoot, acting judge of the 79th District, received the report and dismissed the grand jury. Broadfoot r e p 1 a c e d Woodrow .      ,    .    , Laughlin, ousted by the Supreme State Affairs Committee killed to- each year. Court as “unfit” by certain actions day a House-approved tax^on traa-1 Four gas tax opponents were to hold office. “We realize there has been much suggestion in the press that numerous officials of Duval County are guilty of law- violations,” the grand jury said. “However, wre have not been disposed to base indictments on heresay evidence based on news stories.” The report said the grand jury had invited Shepperd to assist it and that he had refused. It said the onlv time he appeared before it he said he was going to try and have the body dismissed. Shepperd tried in vain to do this. He told Laughlin he didn’t want to give evidence before the grand jury and have it take it and do a “whitewash”. “We subpoenaed numerous witnesses and collected all the evidence we could,” the report said. But it added the evidence wasn’t sufficient to indict anybody. Shepperd said the grand jury never met more than 30 minutes at a time. ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 3, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c Revised Housing Clears House 211-176 Vole Kills Ike’s Big Measure Adlai Says Ike Must Choose Between His Party or Nation NEW CATCLAW CREEK CHANNEL — Citv of Abilene workmen operating a power shovel and bulldozer dig a new channel for Catclaw Creek to straighten out a curve between South Ninth and 11th Sts. The work above is just south of South 11th St. and is a part of the flood control work on the creek channel from South First St. to the south city limits. (Staff Photo by Don Hutcheson)    _ State Senate Kills Trading Stamp Bill AUSTIN. April 2 OP)—The Senate \ about the same number of dollars ing stamps and post^ned further hegrd They included Rex Baker> action until }lon(lay and Gov. vJce rcsident of Humble Oil. Hous- Shivers’ 25 million dollar tax plan    , ,Vfl_h rnrnns christi. Shivers- ¿5 minion auuav »    «    tQ    -John    Lynch>    Corpus    Christi, for increasing salaries of teachers &mJ {ormer* Sen> CUnt Small, Austin, representing 90-Degree Heal Due To Continue Today More 90 - degree weather was forecast for Saturday by the U. S. Weather Bureau here, but Sunday is to be slightly cooler with a reading of 85.    .... Friday, with a high of 90. was the second day this year that the mercury has climbed to 90 degrees or above. The first was on March 10 when a 91 was recorded. Sktes will be fair Saturday and Sunday. The low Saturday night will be 55. NEWS INDEX SECTION A Woman's news ......... 4 Oil news ............... 4 Sports ................ SECTION B Editorials .............*    2 Comics.............  3 Form nows .       7 Radio It TV log..........« and state employes. The bill would increase taxes on gas production, franchise and beer. The trading stamps were struck from the bill at a hearing after the House sponsor of the tax. Hep. Bill Chambers of May, said he did not desire to speak for the measure. The committee then on voice vote struck the stamps from the measure. ‘Go Fill Your Book’ “You ladies can go home now and fill your books and leave us to our troubles,” Committee Chairman R.A. Weinert of Seguin told some opponents. The stamps are used by stores to promote business. Given to customers with their purchases, they are redeemed for premiums. The House added the tax to the governor’s tax plan with an amendment from the floor just beioie the bill was passed and sent to the Senate. Two amendments were submitted on the proposed tax on gas production. As sent from the House, it would increase the tax from .72 per cent of market value to 9.06 per cent. It was estimated to bring about 14 million dollars a year. Sen. Wardlow Lane, Center, called the levy “rank discrimination against the gas Industry” and proposed instead a direct tax of two-fifths of one cent per 1.000 cubic feet on gas after the liquid hydrocarbons have been removed. “That puts the tax where it will be picked up by the long pipelines —at least, a good part of it,” he said. He estimated 75 per cent would be passed on to the lines. Lane said his proposal would raise more than 16 million dollars a year. Sen. A.M. Aikin Jr., PaTis. proposed an amendment to graduate the proposed 9.06 per cent rate downward to 8.06 per cent at the end ot one year and to 7.06 at the end of the second year. “Production of gas is going up and price is going up,” he said, “if that continues, you’ll raise La Gloria Corp.; and' Andrew Howsley, Albany, representing Mid Continent Oil and Gas Assn. “I don’t know why I’m appearing before you because I seem to sense a situation I can’t do anything about,” Howsley told the committee. “I don’t know what the limit will finally be when the Legis lature will tell our industry we’re doing our part.” Baker told the committee the proposed tax was “so high as to be in a sense confiscatory.” Homer Leonard and Bob Smith, representing Texas breweries and beer wholesalers, testified the proposed hike in th<* beer tax would have to be passed on to the consumer and would hurt business. “You can call it anything you like,” Leonard said, “it is another sales tax on beer.” The bill would increase the beer levy from $1.37 to $2 a barrel to raise 3 million dollars a year. 11 COUNTER ATTACKS French Fortress Faces Grave Danger as Rebels Drive Hard State Civil War Vet Dies in Austin Home AUSTIN, April 2 (Jt-Thomas Evans Riddle, a little white-haired man with a shy, childish smile, died tonight and the ranks of the men who fought in the Civil War dwindled to four. He was 107. The Confederate soldier died at 10:10 p.m., the loser in a long fight againsV pneumonia and old ige. Dr. Herman Wing, medical director for the Texas Confederate Home for men. said death was caused by the “accumulative infirmities of old age.’’ Riddle had been ill since January. first with pneumonia, then with a failing heart. He astounded doctors by his grim will to live. It was a battle like one he used to fondly recall. “Five times I thought my life was not worth a minute, ’ he would muse when he remembered his days as a private in the Army of Tennessee. “Snipers were shooting at »• from the tops of trees. I didn t know I was hit. but my general says to me, ‘Thomas, you’re full of bullets.* And I looked end had been »hot five times in my side.’ only surviving Civil War veteran. He’s the oldtst of the fbur now left. One fought for the Union. Williams and the other two for the South. Death came to the aged soldier In his private hospital room at the home. A picture of his general, Robert E. Lee, hung near his bed. Riddle had nurtured two recent desires. He wanted to live to be 110 and to be at his home in Wichita Falls when he died. Tentative plans call foi him to be buried there. He would have been 108 April 16. He had moved to tljo home in January, 1950. The biggest events in his recent years were his birthday parties in his big, sunny first floor room. Each year he would dress up with a clean shave, a Confederate tie and polished slippers and sit on the side of his bed to receive his gll€$tS. For 23 years riddle lived in Grayson county, working as a stone mason and farmer. He moved to Wichita Falls in 1940, remaining there until he came to the home. Riddle’s other survivors include a daughter, Mrs. Cora Thomas, HANOI, Indochina, April 2 if— The stout French fortress of Dien Bien Phu was in grave danger tonight of being swallowed up in a massive riptide of Communist-led Vietminh soldiers. They smashed to within a mile of the heart of the defenses from two directions. Heavy French counterattacks, aided by tanks, for a brief time removed one of the immediate threats to the heart of the fortress by driving the Vietminh out of one captured outpost in the northwestern section of the dust bowl. But the fortifications had been wrecked and the position was virtually impossible to defend under the storm of Vietminh artillery fire, and the French withdrew after inflicting what officers described as “extremely heavy losses ’ on the enemy. The French still faced the job of plugging a hole in that direction if they were to remove the great threat to the fortress. , In the southeast, the Vietminh also advanced to within a mile of the fortress’ heart. There the French counterattacked 11 times and were continuing to hold off the rampaging mass attacks of the Vietminh infantry which kept throwing itself against bared wire barricades. While the Dien Bien Phu defenders, weary and outnumbered six or eight to one, fought the biggest battle of the seven-year Indochina War 175 miles west of Hanoi, Vietminh guerrillas mined and blew up a freight train on the lifeline railway between Hanoi and its seaport, Haiphong. Frendi News Agency dispatches reported the first “important” Viet minh invasion of the Indochina Kingdom of Cambodia in the south. The agency said the rebel forces crossed the Se-Khong River from southern Laos, jumping off yesterday from tho areas of Muongsay and Attopeu, and reached the town of Voeun Sai, about 30 miles inside Cambodia. Early reports the Vietminh had taken Voeun Sai were denied. The latest French agency dispatch said the Vietminh had entered the tow n but that the French were still holding the fort there and that French and Cambodian reinforcements had arrived. CHARLOTTE. N. C., April 2 W— /\dlai Stevenson, charging “We have been cheaply distracted long enough.” declared tonight that President Eisenhower “will have to make his choice between uniting his party and uniting his nation.” Referring to the Republican fight over Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-Wist, Stevenson added that, “So long as his party is constituted as it is at present, he (the President) cannot do both.” The 1952 Democratic presidential candidate, in a .speech prepared for delivery at 8:30 p.m. (EST) before a North Carolina Democratic party rally, was highly critical of the administration’s economic policy and accused the administration of “calculated use for political effect of misbanding, misstatement, misrepresentation on great issues-like foreign policy, defense and the loyalty of our servants . . ‘ When our President bestirs himself, ignores the expedient counsel of smallbore politicians, and clears the high-pressure salesmen out of his house, 1 confidently predict that the American people will be enthusiastically and gratefully behind him.” Referring to the administration’s economic program, the former Illinois governor said, “We have had I occasion to see another aspect of misbranding and misrepresentation at work in the recent fight over tax legislation. You all read the pronouncements from high places describing the attitude of the Democrats in Congress on the tax bill as unsound and demogogic. Many of you were probably surprised to read that such fine and public spirited Democrats as Sen. Walter George oi Georgia, Rep. Jere Cooper of Tennessee were irere-sponsible demogogues.” The Democratic party “remains the party of our seeuilty and our salvation,” the former Illinois governor declared, “as more and more Southern Democrats who deserted their party in 1952 are coming to realize, after a taste of government by men whose chief qualification for office seems to be the accumulation of large fortunes during times of Democratic prosperity. ... for my part, the lost sheep are welcome back to the Democratic fold . . .” Noting the hydrogen bomb tests, Stevenson declared that, “The ghastly explosions . . . have pointed up the imperative necessity for new and desperate international efforts to control the unknown demons that lurk in the atom. And yet for weeks and weeks our national life it preoccupied with Republicans quarreling over the discharge of a dentist by the Army.” Asserting that the country has not “been getting straight talk from our leaders,” Stevenson declared, “I fear that we have been treated as targets of a sales campaign, and I for one resent it.” The administration, he continued, “has used this merchandising technique from the very start.” He charged that nothing had come of the administration's announced withdrawal of the 7th Fleet from Formosa nor of its “bold, new dynamic policy of ‘liberation’ for the peoples of Eastern Europe.” Stevenson declared he won’t be surprised if the administration cannot wage a resolute fight against Sen. McCarthy “for McCarthy makes a full time occupa- tion out of the same politics of misbranding and misrepresentation. ’ McCarthy, he charged, is apparently regarded by Republicans as “a scoundrel if he attacks Republicans, but a patriot when he attacks ordinary people or calls men like Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman the patrons of traitors. In short, politics first and principle second.” $1 Million Low Bid On Hanqar at AFB Rex D. Kitchens, Austin, was apparent low bidder Friday in Fort Worth at $1,000.762 on the base bid for a maintenance hangar to be constructed at the Abilene Air Force Base. A J. Rife Construction Co.. Dallas, was apparent low bidder at $1,188,171 on the alternate bid for the hangar. This was reported by Col. II. R. Ilallock, head of the Fort Worth district of the Corps of Engineers. Bids will be examined and a contract will be awarded as soon as possible, he said. The base bid includes built-in fire fighting equipment. The alternate bid does not include the fire fighting equipment. The two apparent low bids were among a total of 15 bids received The highest base bid w'as $1,612,000. The highest alternate bid was $1,-580,000. The engineer’s estimate of the cost of the work was $1,207,079 for the base bid, and $1,166,290 for the alternate bid. The hangar contract will specify 270 days for completion. The hangar will be located just east of the apron now under construction. The structure will lie about 250 feet wide, about 268 feet long, and about 60 feet high. It will contain 61,250 square feet of space. The hangar contract, when WASHINGTON. April 2 UP—'The House tonight voted to kill President Eisenhower's public housing proposals md then passed a bill carrying out many other parts of his overall housing program. Week-Long Battle In a final, show'down roll call, capping a week-long battle, Southern Democrats and many Republicans teamed up to run up a count of 211 to 176 against Eisenhower’s plan for public housing. The President had asked for authority to build 35.000 units each yertr for the next four years—a total of 140,000. The units are rented below costs to low-income families, with a government subsidy making up the loss. Then the House passed a bill aimed at lower down payments and monthly payments for new or old homes or for home improvements, and a stepped up slum clearance program. The measure now goes to the Senate. Both Democrats and Republican leaders in the House fought in vain to add authority for new public housing to the legislation. Southerners led the fight against the program, denouncing it as “socialistic.” They said it “made the people wards of a bureaucratic state.” Final passage of the housing bill came on a roll call vote of 352-36. THE WEATHER MMuu death left Walter WU-1 Glendale, Aria., and one »on, H.Y. u.rn. lll. ot Franklin, •• T.x„-1 Kiddlr, BanU Paula, Calif. II. 8. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Hi KI M ABILENE AND VICINITY - Fair and warm Saturday »nd Sunday. High temperature Saturday 90 degree*. Low Saturday night 55. High Sunday S5. WEST TEXAS: Generally fair and mtld Saturday; turning colder in Panhandle late Saturday; Sunday parUy cloudy, cool* er In Panhandle and South Plain*. temprratcrrs Frl AM. 55 ........... I    30    ...... 56 ............ 2:30    ...... 55 ............ 3    3b    ...... 54 ............ 4    30 53 ..........  6    30    ...... 53 ............ 0    30    ...... 55 ............ 1    :»o    ...... 60 ............ «    30    ...... 68  ......... »30    ...... 14.....   10:30    ............ 80    11    30    ............ 83 ............ 13    36    ........... Htgh and low temperature» (or 34 hours ended at 6:30 p.m.: 90 and 51. High and low temperatures same date last ysar: 82 and 53. Sunset laat night 6:5» pm. Sunrise today 6:33 a m. Sunset tonight 7:00 p.m. Barometer reading at 9:30 p.m. 3*33. Relative humidHy at » 30 p.m. 15%. Fri. P M. ... 86  88  86  88  87  84  79  69  62 SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS This Sunday’s Reporter-News will contain a special section on Abilene’s industry — its importance and growth—as a tribute to civic leaders who have named the first week in April as Industrial Week. Another important event to local readers will be given full coverage—it’s the city and school election. Earit Walker, Reporter-News expert on city and school politics, working in cooperation with the League of Women voters, will bring you the full story of the coming election. Besides these extras, there will be the regular full coverage of local, state and national spot and feature news. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg Dies Of Cancer After Long Illness WASHINGTON April 2 (API—Gen. I less leader. He has left a lasting HnvtS Vandenberg, the hand- imprint on the service he loved some. youthful looking flying gen- so well and 011 the nation he served sri us ïtfOT iss -SMLhot xsir,wlay ,fter !fcr...T5. zA'SJi were as Air Force chief of staff. By WILMOT HERCHER WASHINGTON, April 2 UR — Sen. Monroney <D-Okla), a foe of Sen. McCarthy, disclosed today that he had put in a plug for the appointment of Samuel P. Sears as special counsel to handle the Senate inquiry into the row between McCarthy and top Army officials. Sears Gets Job Sears, a Boston lawyer, got the job yesterday by unanimous vote of the Senate Investigations subcommittee. Later It became known (1) that he had lauded McCarthy in the past and <2> that he had actively interested himself in getting the special counsel’s post. Monroney said today that he didn’t know how Sears stood on McCarthy at the time he recommended him to Democratic members of the investigation subcommittee. He added that he thought a man. of Sears’ reputation and standing at the bar could be expected to conduct a fair investigation. Meantime, some members of the investigations subcommittee indicated that Sears* first job will be to convince them he can be impartial. Sen. Jackson (D-Wash), a subcommittee member, said that when Sears was appointed “we had no knowledge” that he had praised McCarthy or had put in a bid for the counsel’s job. Most subcommittee members seemed to be reserving judgment on Sears in the light of the latest developments, preferring to wait until he meets with them Monday and can answer questions and make a statement. Sears himself has said he feels he has “not done anything that would disqualify me.” He promised to tackle the job “as dispassionately as I can” and without “partisanship.” Whitewash Charged The Americans for Democratic Action quickly charged, however, that the appointment of the Bostonian was an “obvious first step to whitewash Sen. McCarthy.” ADA is an organization which generally supports the policies of the New Deal” and “Fair Deal.” Its charge brought an angry de-nHv-u.M .Vt to Ilial from Sen- Mundt (H-SD), who p g    is taking McCarthy’s place as aub- ....    committee    chairman    during    the Vandenberg, who fought quietly    prob6 of    McCarthy’s    fight    with and earnestly for his    conviction    (,)e Army    officials. ,.--- - .    ,    ,    h    |    that this country’s survival de- ^ do not believe a single niem- President Eisenhower saut tne pends on a strong and far-striking ^er of our groups has the slightest ..    ......    in    A.r Forcf was stricken with his ,hought or de5lre eith#r to whJte- final illness a few- months, alter j wash, pillory, punish or protect full honors last any individual in either side of the June.    |    controversy    we    are    endeavoring    to ______.    , Since last October he    had lain in    \ adjudicate,” Mundt said in    a    state* ago, of our tactical air force in    Widtei* Reed Hospital,    too ill dur-    ment. northwest Europe; unswerving ad- ing the flnal months to receive “It is regrettable that there now vocate of the precepts and cause m vjsltors. while the Air Force seems to be a concerted effort-of the United States Air Force; a i declined to state the nature of his perhaps led by the ADA--to dls- Sen. Monroney Discloses Plug For Sears as Senate Counsel The last roll call on public housing was on a Democratic motion awartied"* likely wlU bV’the third \to    the President just what ha m —»—r-------- i highest-priced Abilene AFB pro- \ originally asked f°r* Hallock pointed out that the base \ ject to date, being exceeded in cost 1 .    , 0 bidder’s offer was lower than tbe \ only by • recent dormitory eon- \ ^    1I?,? alternate bidder’s even though the tract of nearly $2 million, and the j a proposal carrying out the base bid included built-in fire fight- prime contrac t (runway, Uxiways Presidenf s program for the first ing equipment for the hangar. land apron> of nearly $5 million. I years. I hey said this would 1 have been satisfactory to the President.    *    • The decision left on the books authority to complete only 35,000 units on which contracts already have been made. These could be built in the fiscal year starting July 1. A vote of 141 to 68 also stripped from the wide-ranging housing bill a provision which would have permitted the President to raise interest rates on GI home loans. This vote keeps the maximum rate at the present 4Mi per cent. Maneuvering Complex The maneuvering on public housing was complex. The overall bill would permit Eisenhower to drop down payments on loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration even more than the President had proposed. The power is merely permissive, however, and it’s up to th« President as to how far he will go- The minimum down payment on a house valued by FHA at $12,000 could be reduced under the bill from $2,400 now to $1,000; at $15,-000, from $3,000 to $1,750; and at $20.000. from $4.000 to $3,000. TTie bill also permits the Presl- were criticizing our subcommittee by allegations that we were ‘stalling’ and that we were “trying to whitewash the whole affair through private negotiations.’ “These same sources, I am sure, would immediately start smearing any attorney we selected who was not specifically recommended by them. That is ono reason it has been so difficult to secure competent counsel who would be willing to stand up against such vicious smears and attacks.” Hope to Start April 12 The subcommittee hopes to begin by April 12, televised hearings on the Army’s charges tJiat McCarthy and Roy Cohn, the subcommittee’s regular counsel, tried to get favored treatment for draftee G. David Schine. Schine, a wealthy young New Yorker, is a close friend of Cohn’s and served for a while as an unpaid consultant on the subcommittee staff. See HOUSING, Pg. 2-A, Col. 3 as Ik* Gives Tribute said tl .nation will hold Vandenberg “in grateful remembrance’’ as a de- ^ _______ _ voted and able military leader. ke retired with The President’s tribute added: “Gallant commander, a decade forceful fighter for a strong na* mnes8 Untu the end, orivate physi tlonal defense—General Vandenberg waa a courageous and, tire-1 So^VANDENBERG, Pg. 2-A, Col, 1 credit Mr. Sears before he even starts his difficult duties, “The same sources two days ago >FFER RAID EVIDENCE—Fragments of a bomb are held by the mayor’s wife in the village of Nahalin where nine Arabs were killed in an incident between Israel and neighboring Jordan. A Jordan official has called on the United Nations for “drastic and immediate action” to prevent Israel from making any more raids, Israel lodged a counter-complaint, alleging violations of the Jordan-Israel general armistice agreement. ;