Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 2, 1954, Abilene, Texas
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"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXiTTno^--"Associated Pro, (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL~27^9M—TWENTY-TWO~PAGES IN TWO~SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c~
Fury Is Revealed
Horrible Force Shown in Photos
Fisherman's Body Taken From Lake
BRECKENR1DGE. April 1 (RNS) — The Iwxly of E. L. Beall of Mineral Wells, was found floating on the waters of Possum Kingdom Lake about noon Thursday- , t
The body of Paul Simpson of Weatherford, who was fishing with Beall, has not been found.
The two men had been missing aince March 21.
“Moon” Mullins, member of a Fort Worth volunteer emergency corps, found the body of Beall 100 yards off shore about a mile and a half east of Dunigan Camp._
Abilene to Intervene In Airline Hearing
WASHINGTON, April 1 W — A number of Texas cities were granted permission by tbe Civil Aeronautics Board tdday to intervene in the proceedings before the board in the proposed merger of Continental and Pioneer airlines.
The permission was granted to *1 Paso, Abilene. Amarillo, Austin, Blf Spring, and Fort Worth.
Dragging for the body of Simpson was begun in the immediate area after the discovery.
Beall and Simpson had not been seen since they set out on a fishing trip March 21. Their overturned boat was found a mile east of Dunigan Camp.
Rescue squads from Mineral Wells, Grayford, Breckenridge, Fort Worth and several other cities took turns in the search that was directed by Ranger Jim Riddle and Highway Patrolman Charles Swygert.
Highway Patrolman B. J. Davenport and Deputy Sheriff Lloyd ; Walters also assisted in the search.
Womtn’i now* . .
Food nows ......
, , . 10-11
Radio * TV log ..
WASHINGTON, April 1 (/P)—Picture a glowing, red-
orange, hot-as-the-sun ball of fire SV2 miles across.
Now imagine, foaming out of this inferno, a radioactive cloud stem surging 25 miles upward, its “mushroom cap” spreading 100 deadly miles wide, the whole formation suggesting a jagged, unholy travesty of a cross.
This is a hydrogen explosion—far and away the most destructive force ever unleashed by man.
You can see it yourself in movie
and still pictures released today by the Federal Civil Defense Administration in accordance with President Eisenhower’s declaration to the United Nations last December:
“Clearly, if the people of the world are to conduct an intelligent search for peace, they must be armed with the significant (atomic) facts of today’s existence.”
First Blast Shown
Shown in these pictures is the world’s first full scale hydrogen explosion—known by the code name “Mike” and set off, in ominous inauguration of an awesome new era, at the Marshall Islands proving ground in the far Pacific in November, 1952.
“Mike” had the destructive power of five million tons of TNT.
Strictly speaking that November 1952 blast was not that of a bomb. It was understood to have been an experimental device so cumbersome that it could be only set up and exploded in place—not carried to a target in a plane. Since then, however, officials have spoken of the actual development of hydrogen “weapons” which imply something which actually can be used against an enemy.
Following up that first big test, American scientists and military men have set off two more H-blasts in those remote Pacific waters. Each was far more powerful than “Mike.” One, touched off March 1, is reported semiofficially to have detonated with almost three times the force of “Mike.”
A 28-minute color movie of the "Mike” explosion, shown to news-men yesterday, didn’t by any means show the whole story. Besides, the presentation of the subject wasn’t too good and the photograph could have been improved.
But the impact of the tremendous blast, coupled with the stark statistics of the destruction it wrought, was sobering to say the least. The film shows:
1. The test island of Elugelab—a half mile long, a quarter-mile wide —blown off the face of the earth. In its place, covered by the placid blue Pacific waters, was a crater one mile across—big enough to hold 14 Pentagon buildings. The crater sloped down to a depth of 175 feet. A 17-story building would be covered completely.
2. Complete annihilation within a 3-mile radius; seve’° to moderate damage as far as 7 miles from the bomb; light damage as far as 10 miles away in each direction.
3. A nuclear explosive fireball wide enough to engulf a quarter of Manhattan island in heat of such incredibly fierce intensity that it would vaporize into radioactive particles anything it touched.
4. A mushroom cloud boiling up to 40,000 feet—the height of 32 Empire State buildings—within two minutes. In 10 more minutes it writhed upward 25 miles—well into the stratosphere.
“Mike” was exploded in a ground laboratory or “cab,” painted black and standing out in sharp relief against the sun-drenched white atoll.
A bomb dropped from the air-on a free world city, for example— would behave a little differently. Its crater would not be so large, the scientists said, but the total damage area could be expected to be greater.
That’s one of the factors Chairman Lewis L. Strauss of the Atomic Energy Commission undoubtedly had in mind yesterday when he said this country now can build an H-bomb capable of knocking out any city on earth.
IT. g. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — Fair and mild Friday and Saturday. High temperature both days near 80 degree*. Low Friday night near 50 NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly
cloudy and warmer Friday: mostly cloudy, turning cooler Friday night or Saturday.
WEST TEXAS: Generally fair and mild Friday: Saturday partly cloudy to cloudy; turning colder Panhandle and south Plains Friday night and east of Pecos Valley Saturday.
Thurs. A M.
1 30 3:30 330
7 30 <30
10 30 11:30 12 30
Thurs. P M.
High and low temperaturss for 24 hours •nded at 6:30 pm.: 72 and 31.
High and low temperatures same date last year: 80 and 30.
Barometer reading at 9 30 p m. 28 22. Relativa humidity at 9:30 p.m.
Youth Gels Five Years For Holdup
Howard Wade Copeland, 18-year-old Pennsylvania youth, received a 5-year term in the state penitentiary Thursday afternoon in 104th District Court.
A jury which heard his trial on a charge of armed robbery found him guilty as charged and recommended the prison term. Copeland had pleaded not guilty.
He was charged along with two other youths with robbing Paul H. Renner, Amarillo cab driver, while armed with a long bladed knife. Renner testified that the trio stabbed and stomped him and robbed him of $24.86 Dec. 24, 1952.
The others charged in the assault. Earl George Robertson and Joseph Paul Lucas, received life sentences in trials in Amarillo. Copeland’s case was moved here on a change of venue because of publicity given to the assault and trials in Amarillo.
The state offered two witnesses Thursday morning before closing its case. They were Amarillo officers, City Policeman Ford and City Detective Simmons. Ford said he iound Renner after he had been beaten and robbed. Simmons examined the taxi in which the robbery occurred.
Copeland did not take the stand and no defense evidence was offered.
AN H-BOMB MUSHROOMS—The cloud spreads into a huge mushroom following a 1952 explosion of a hydrogen bomb —Operation Ivy—in the Marshall Islands of the Pacific. This photo was made 50 miles from the detonation site at about 12,000 feet. The cloud rose to 40,000 feet two minutes
Oil Tank Explodes
ATHENS, Tex., April 1 LTU-Clif-ton Penney, 37, of Cayuga was killed here today when an oil tank which he was welding exploded. The accident happened on the H. P. Barton lease in the Cayuga Oil Field.
HouseOkaysGas Tax Bill, 83-48
By BO BYERS I vote on second reading just before
AUSTIN, April 1 (A1)—Fast ma- noon. It still had to be passed on neuvering sent an experimental third reading on another legisla-natural gas tax bill to the Senate , tive day.
today with an 83-48 blessing from i Hinson's forces moved lor a the House. j quick adjournment, from 12 noon
The bill Is aimed ultimately at to 12:10 p.m., and this succeeded
getting more revenue from longj 66-65.
transmission pipelines. Its imme- The maneuver artificially cre-diate purpose is to secure a court ated a new legislative day. t*st- ... .! The House then voted final pas-
Kep. George Hinson, Mineóla, j sage 0f the bill and quit until who for three years has been seek- Monday
«Id wa*. Slow Hln*on-. bill i„ generally refer-
intentionally 1 red to as a dedication tax because
The bill carries a provision that
after the explosion. Ten minutes later the cloud stem had pushed about 25 miles. The mushroom portion went up to ten miles and spread for 100 miles. This is one of a series of pictures released by the Civil Defense officials, the first on an H-bomb test.
IT'S OFFICIAL NOW; COUNTY NAMED FOR 3 ALAMO HEROES
Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, April 1—It’s all signed and sealed and official.
Taylor County was named for the three Taylor brothers who died in the Alamo.
Be-ribboned copies of House and Senate resolutions to that effect are being mailed home by Rep. Truett Latimer and Senator Harley Sadler.
The resolutions were introduced at the request of the daughters of 1812, the Abilene Chamber of Commerec and the Taylor County Commissioners Court. Research had revealed that no one knew for whom the county was named. So, the Legislature has officially named the Alamo heroes as the ones.
if it is ruled constitutional, the rate will go up. At the same time, the proposed increase in the gas production tax passed earlier this week by the House would be lowered.
Backers of Hinson’s test tax had to use some fast parliamentary footwork to secure final House passage.
They advanced it by an 88-4
Home Builders Spurn AFB Wherry Project
Home Builders Association of Abilene will not take part as such in construction of government-sponsored Wherry housing on the air base.
The group adopted a resolution to that effect Thursday. The action took place at a luncheon at Richard's Restaurant.
In its resolution the association said, “The home builders group in Abilene has been criticized for the position it took in opposing Wherry housing originally."
J. B. Fooshee, president, stated that the association wants to make it clear that it hasn’t been desirous of building the project.
Air Force officials have announc-
ed that the federal government will sponsor construction of about 500 Wherry housing units on the base.
They pointed out that certain personnel is needed on the base at all times, for protection of the property and immediate response in a military emergency.
The Abilene Chamber of Commerce and building industry representatives endorsed the Wherry project. The C-C urged contributors to the Air Base Fund to organize a corporation to build and operate the housing.
Fooshee said Thursday he feels the industry will have its hands full in providing off-base housing for sale and rent.
FOR MONTH AND YEAR
Abilene Business Barometers Rise
Abilene construction, postal receipts, water meter and light meter connections all showed gains during March.
The five business barometers showed gains over February of this year, as well as gains over March of 1953.
Postal receipts for March were $72,423.28, as compared to $61.-191.81 of a year ago. Receipts for February of this year were $55,-452.09.
Construction authorized in city permits in March this year was more than for Feburary. and was above the March. 1953, figure.
Permits this March called for $1,274,560 worth of projects. The February, 1954, total was $1,099,-755, and the March 1953, total was $1.145.870.
Building for the first three months of 1954 totaled $300,000 above the volume for the same period of 1953 — or $2.835.206 compared to $2,519,574.
86 More Water Meters
Water meters served by the city showed a net gain of 86 this March,
bringing the total up to 15,677.
West Texas Xltilities reported a gain of 99 electrical meters this month, bringing the total number of electrical connections here to 18,521.
A total of 17,593 meters were connected here last March The gain has been a total of 928 in the past 12 months.
Lone Star Gas Company officials did not have a complete tabulation on the month’s figures Thursday night, but estimated there would be no loss. In fact, an early estimate showed the number of meter connections about the same as last month with possibly only a slight gain or loss.
Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. did not have ifs monthly report complete, and George Brown, manager here for Southwestern Bell, said it was still a little early to estimate whether the month's business had shown a gain or loss.
However, he said the overall station gain for the first three months of 1954 had been less than for the comparable period in 1953.
it seeks to levy a tax on gas which has been “dedicated” to a specific buyer’s use under long-term contract.
It represents a new effort to tax pipelines which successfully fought a gathering tax enacted in 1951. The gathering levy was struck down by the Supreme Court as a burden on interstate commerce.
The Hinson measure carries a rate of only one-thirtieth of one cent per 1,000 cubic feet of gas and would raise an estimated $1,250,000 a year.
Opponent» questioned its constitutionality. They also were concerned that its language might entitle pipeline firms rather than producers to the 274 per cent depletion allowance which “owners” of minerals are granted in figuring income tax.
The Senate quit until 10:30 a.m. tomorrow after a 20-minute session. It is waiting on Senate committees and the House to send it some business.
West Texans Favor Dedication Tax on Natural Gas, 10-7
Reporter-hlews Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, April 1 — Seven West Texas members voted against and 10 voted for Rep. George Hinson’s bill passed Thursday by the House of Representatives to levy a “token” dedication tax on natural gas.
Hinson described the bill as an effort to test the constitutionality of this tax which would be on the beneficial owner, the person who has natural gas under long lease.
Voting in opposition to the tax were: Mack Allison, Mineral Wells; Joe* Burkett, Kerrville; Oma Burkett, Eastland; Mrs. Dorothy Gurley, Del Rio; John Kimbrough, Haskell; David Ratliff, Stamford and W. A. Stroman, San Angelo.
Voting for the bill, which carried on final vote 83-48, were L. L. Armor, Sweetwater; A. J. Bishop, Winters; Obie Bristow, Big Spring; Dolph Briscoe, Uvalde; Hulon Brown. Midland; Carroll Cobb, Seminole; W. G. Kirklin, Odessa; Truett Latimer, Abilene; C. F. Sentell, Snyder; Richard Slack, Pecos.
TAKE IT OR LEAVE IT
House in Muddle On Teacher Pay
By KATHARYN DUFF
Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, April 1. — The House of Representatives has two teacher pay plans on its hands, one of them a package deal which has wrapped up in it all the governor’s program.
Thursday many members didn’t know whether they like the situation but have a good hunch they aren’t going to. They may have to vote for the whole program or none of it.
It all came about as a surprise in the House Appropriations Committee late Wednesday afternoon. It worked so fast that some members and many spectators didn’t know what had happened until it was over.
The committee had heard
More from Austin on Pg. 12A
testimony and was going down the line voting to send various plans to sub - committee deep - freezes. (Two West Texas members, Omar Burkett and Bill Chambers, voted in favor of most of the proposed plans.)
Two plans were left to the last, one a so-called ‘‘big city” proposal introduced by Rep. Charles Mur-
phy of Houston and backed by some Dallas members. It would give the local district the option of granting teacher pay raises. If the district could put in its share of local contribution, it’d get back the full share. Or it could pay teachers less and get less from the state.
Murphy made one change in his bill. He dropped the share of local contributions to state minimum fund from the 80-20 ratio worked out in compromise to 83-17. That, said Chambers and Burkett, got their votes, i The Murphy bill was approved the foy the committee.
Then, Rep. Dolph Briscoe who was sponsoring the governor’s compromise plan, submitted an •‘amendment.” The amendment is tbe package deal which wraps up the whole spending program — teacher pay, state workers’ pay and building — into a single bilL
See TEACHERS, Pg. 6-A. Col. 4
Your Sunday Want Ad
. . . deadline on space ads — ads requiring one inch or more space — is 12:00 noon Friday. Word ads will be accepted until 12:00 noon Saturday. Call now so you won t forget. 140,000 reoders await your od!
Reporter-News Classified Ad Manager to Columbia Seminar
Marvin C. Veal, Jr., classified advertising manager of The Abilene Reporter-News, will attend a classified advertising seminar at Columbia University in New York City.
Veal was to leave Abilene by train Friday for the week-long , seminar.
The sessions which are sponsored by the American Press Institute j will analyze newspapers in rela-' tion to classified advertising.
Veal and Ashley Vaughn of The Dallas Morning News will be the only two Texans of 26 classified advertising managers from over the United States attending the seminar. He will return to Abilene April 11.
Veal, 28. a 1949 graduate of Texas Christian University at Fort Worth, has been classified advertising manager of The Abilene Reporter-News since December, 1951. Prior to his coming to Abilene he was co-editor of the Lamesa Daily Reporter.
He was borr in Cleburne and graduated from Wichita Falls High School. During World War II he served In the Air Force with the rank of warrant officer.
Veal is married to the former
MARVIN C. VEAL, JR.
. . . one of two from Texas
Dorothy O. Barrington of Duncaa, Okla. They have a daughter, Deborah Kay, 24, and they make Uietv home at 1909 Woodard St.
HYDROGEN FIREBALL RISES—The fireball of the hydrogen explosion set off in the Eniwetok Atoll group of the Pacific in the fall of 1952 rises above the sea shortly after the blast was set off. This photo was made 50 miles from the detonation site at a height of some 12,000 feet.
;ENE OF HYDROGEN EXPLOSION—This is the small cific Island of Elugelab on which the world s first hydro-n explosion was set off in the tall of 1952. The black hiding in the center housed the hydrogen device. There is no explanation of the part the tower played m the blast.