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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas » BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor $16,637,458.50 March quota $    231,700.00 March tales    $    244,627.75 ®he Kbtlene Sporter -jjBtrtus SUNDAY «yOL. LXU!, NO. 291. A TEXAS NEWSPAPER WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIELDS OR FOES WE SKE I CII YOUR W ORLD EXAC fLY AS I f GOES Byron ABILENE. TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING. APRIL 2, 1944 -THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Prats fAPJ United Press fV.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Captain Declares Ethics Creating All Wars „ ...EL-,, , ...vnv    f    nr    that    I    Ait    0    thov    were    "What    virtues    does    war    ha    vp?”, one s country Leadership and (aith,    that would chang- rn' mind.'* By KENNETH L. DIXON WITH THE AEF IN SARDINIA. March 23 — (Delayedi —</P«—'There was a sudden silence in the little room where the airmen sat. For a moment no one looked at the tall, fairhaired captain who had sopken. Finally someone cleared his throat. •Hew is that again ” he asked "I said that as long as we live under our present code of ethics and virtues that there’ll always he war and I said that I am not convinced b u t that war is a pretty good thing ” Again the pilots and bombardiers sat still for a moment. It was hard to believe their ears. Having been s h o eked into -■ stunned speech- Kenneth l Dixon leafiness for that long. they were obviously deriding to hear the guy out before unleashing their wrath. Besides, he was one of them, had been through the mill with them You could almost hear the wheels of their minds turning as the fire crackled in the stillness. 'Just how do you mean that?" one of them asked "I know places where you'd be lynched for a crack likr that." ‘ Probably so.” the captain shrugged. 'But i'm, tired of all thus pointless stuff of how hellish war is while a war is going on. and how we’re going to prevent another war and so on, when all the time war brings out all the characteristics we are taught from childhood are virtues. Without war those "irtuts would die out. so it must follow ■ that either these virtues are wrong or else war is a pretty good thing after all." What virtues someone asked. '’Courage is one," the blond captain replied. “At home in school, In church, we’re taught from kids that courage Is a virtue, a wonderful thing, discounting alt the substitutes for war you find in sports and In a daily competitive struggle for existence war is a final mass est of courage, the only one that gives great numbers of men a chance lo prove their physical courage at least." H* stared In tile fire for a minute then continued: “Unselfishness, or rather self- I I .ss ness, ii another; the willingness | :c lay down ones life for a friend or for a cause Patriotism is another, willingness In the final an- , alvsis to lav down one’s life tor if    i    “R* Our standard of virtues If Once again silence hung re cr the coura^p nn(j chivalry and patriot- room. It was broken by an cbvi- lltrn ai1{j leadership and faith in a ousI' bitter youth who had spent I cause or a country are virtues, are considerable time on the front, worthy o' dung .or, ‘hen war if . ,    ,.    .    .    partially a good thing, for it keeps "I think I could make you change ^ ^ ^    Jf thffU your mind about war being a good ,10t WOrth dying for then war Is thing.” He said harshly. "Not with certainly a terrible thing. But the words, I mean, but I think you’d mtfy bange your mind There is nothing    ‘~"'1 good about dead kids lying beside the road, or guys rut all to pieces." His voice trailed away. "lf you mean it woald bring the war hnmr to me," replied the captain, “I don’t think that s necessary. My brother was kilted in a P-3i the other day. My other brother is oirr ’. ere, too, and bes likely to get tt. I’ve lost most of my best friends out of this £rniip that was, I mas get it t m. No. I don’t think your .standard of virtues. "You're crazy," the bitter youth said slew iv. - You're wrong. I can't tell you exactly where, but your lessoning Is hay wire somehow. War is wrong. That's all I know. I dont know about virtues" • Well, I know there is no virtu© in staying up all night listening to you guys argue when you won t settle anything," another captain said. rising and stretching "Tnt going to hit the sack. We’ve got another damned early mission in the morning " Swiss City Accidentally feds But 20 Miles of Odessa Hit by American Bombers NEUTRAL AREA HIT—Schaffhausen in the northern tip of neutral Switzerland was accidentally bombed by Americans yesterday. This map was made when it was feared Switzerland might become a German path to France. It shows possible Nazi routes and indicates Swiss defense plans.    __________ OVERRUN 200 VILLAGES PURSUING FLEEING NAZIS LONDON, April I -(/TV- The Red army smashed to within 20 miles of Odessa today, swiftly overrunning nearly 200 villages on a great arc •►bove that imperilled Black sea port in pursuit of retreating Axis troops ‘‘suffering tremendous losses." Moscow announced tonight. In the northwest the Russians fought their way into Kliotin to ^>lock the last German escape route but of the Kamenets-Podoisk pocket above the Middle Dnieper, and in B”sarabia advanced up to 17 miles on a 30-miIe front toward the key cities of Gishinev and Tiraspol, through which run the last Nazi ^ail escape route."*- from Odessa into Rumania. A Berlin hrnadcast also said Soviet spearheads had broken through to the Tatar pass lead-^ ing through the < arpathlan mountains into former Czechoslovakia, now Hungary. Poblevo, 20 miles east of Ode.-sa, fell to Russian forces striking along the Black sea coast from •pchakov. fortress city captured Friday. 'That represented a 14-mile gain. On the northeast the Russians were declared to have seized Tash-ino and Blumenfeld, 28 miles from ^>:>ssa and on the north the hardhitting Red army tank crews rolled through Serbka a rail station 28 miles from the Black sea port. Swarms of motorized Russian infantrymen. tanks and Stormovik fighters attacking on the eastern ^nd northern side of Odessa were within 38 and 50 miles of the Black sea, respectively, ripping at long columns of German and Rumanian troops retreating in confusion and possible entrapment because of the southward flow of Russian troops Through Bessarabia in the west. The Russians hitting on the eastern side of the arc captured more Says Nazi Capital ^Should Be Moved than IOO localities, said the dailv bulletin, recorded by the Soviet Monitor. On the northwest they took Troitskava, 80 miles from Odessa and 63 miles northeast of Tiraspol, through which runs the last German escape routes into Rumania. Spirited Vote At North Park North Park, with a spirited election. sparked an otherwise drab election of trustees in Taylor county. At North Park Tommy Grant and Jess Wood, with 47 votes each, won the two places on the ticket. Outgoing Fd Francis and J. W. Compton got 39 and 36 respectively. Other results in the North Park election were Oren Lanford 9. George Walker 7. R. L. Holly 7 and U. L. Hood 2. In the county trustee-at-large election James E Freeman received 93 votes in the North Park box. At Merkel Nathan Wood, George Woodrum and Oren Robertson were named school trustees without on-position. Only ll votes were cast in the slow election. G H. Blackburn was returned as | trustee in the Elmdale election with ll of ^he 29 votes cast. Frank An-tilloy received right and Clarence Hobbs, also formerly In office, got three. James A Freeman led the ticket In Potosi election • m \ 25 votes. Eugene Down polled I’., and Riley Miller 13. In an uncontested ticket ai Pleasant Hill. Lee Baker was returned as trustee and Archie Wilson was chosen as a new trustee. In the Wylie common school district L. A Muston, was elected countv trustee while H G Henderson and W. O. Dawson were reelected without opposition Twenty-four votes were cast In the election. J M Hamilton received six votes. Sam Beam five and Dow Vinson one in the Colony Hill election. Report Abilene Private Missing In Italian Area Mr. and Mrs. C. C Connallv. route 2. residing on the Potosi road, were informed Saturday by the War department that their son, Pfc. Wendell Connally. has been missing in action in Italy since Feb. 9. Private First Class Connally was a member of the 36th division and had been since leaving Abilene in the fall of 1941 as a member of a local National guard infantry detachment. Other members of his family are three brothers. Jim, living at home; Charles, of Sweetwater: Richard, of Anson, and a sister residing in Michigan. Connally was unmarried. OFFICERS CONTINUE SEARCH FOR SEVEN NAZI PRISONERS NEW YORK. April I—(/Pi—Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, president of Columbia university, said today --------—------- in an interview on the eve of bis    . ►2nd birthday that the capital of Ambassador UlCS postwar Germany should be removed from Prussian Berlin and relocated at Dresden or Frankfort. He also recommended that Germany be setup as a “federation of states like the United States " WASHINGTON. *pril I—'/Pi — Manuel de Freyre Y Santander. Peruvian ambassador to the United States and dean of the Washington diplomatic corps, died today. Risky Business Refusing to Buy Bootleg Whisky If a man offers to sell you a pint cf whisky, it might be wise to buy it. A blood' soldier last night told police he had been slashed by a civilian when he refused to buy a pint of whisky from the man. The soldier said the man. who escaped arrest, offered the pint for sale and then grew angry when the soldier thought the price was too high. The soldier was taken to Camp Barkeley ^station ho pittl. Dean Appointed WASHINGTON, April I—(ZP* — Secretary of State Hull announced today that Dean Mildred Thompson of Vassar college has been appointed a member of the American delegation to collaborate with the conference of allied ministers of j eduration in London. Action Completed WASHINGTON. April I—'/Ti — The Senate completed Congressional action today on appropriations for the Treasury and the Post Office Departments for the fiscal year beginning July I, providing $221,136.-897 for the Treasury and SI ,110,-209,272 for the Post Office. Weary peace officers and Army personnel last night continued to comb a wide West Central Texas area but no trace was found of the seven of 12 Camp Barkeley German prisoners of war, who tunneled their way to freedom from the Camp Barkeley stockade Tuesday night. Only five of the 12 escapes had been apprehended 'ast night, Capt. Ed Posey of the Abilene state highway patrol district said. Yesterday Iwq prisoners captured at Winters were erroneously reported t adc© when they were taken to Ballinger. Posey declared. The search last night centered around the Paint Rock area where the state police department had set up a two-way radio to direct officers. Several Texas Rangers. FBI agents and highway patrolmen were continuing to beat the brush south of Camp Barkelev but the Winters area search was slackened a* 9 a m. Saturday after an all nigh' hunt. Two of the prisoners were captured near Winters early Friday night. Hopes of earlv capture were dashed almost after the first airest. The prisoners, who laboriously tunneled under the stockade in several months, were well prepared for their escape from the States. All had finely drawn, tissue paper maps, showing the country in hold relief. Highways, railroads, towns and even names of principal ranches, were lettered on the tracings. Food also wa.'- in quantity, one civilian officer reveals. From the captured men was taken packs containing food for at least ten days, candy, chewing gum and incidentals. One of the Germans aho was carrying a pup tent, the officer said. The tunnel through which the men left the stockade, was about eight feet underground, Steps had been binh from under a hutment in the stockade and one outside the stockade. Bad Weather Officially Blamed for Big Damage 1st Lf. Miller Missing Since March 15 Raid lit. Lt. Bert B Miller. Abilenian who was pilot of a B-24 bomber has bren missing in action over Germany since March 13. his wife. the former Margaret Alexander was informed by the War department Saturday morning. Lieutenant Miller, who was railed Don by most of his friends and famih was a son of Mr. and Mrs. Bert Miller of Portland. Ore. who resided in Abilene until last June. He was a 1940 graduate of Abilene After 57 Days at Front- MERKEL SOLDIER HAS SEEN ENOUGH OF ITALY Sgt Leonard Lewis, veteran doughboy of the 36th Infantry division and son of Mrs, Mardi® Lewis. Merkel.’ is back home from the bloodv battle of Italy and frankly, Boesn’t have any burning desire to return to "Sunny Italy..’ Sergeiyit Lewis and his wife, the former Lillian Estoll of Merkel, and theii son, almost two sears old. are living teni-p porarilv at Lakeside camp, Aniline. The sergeant participated in the landings at Salerno and in all spent 57 days in front line action "I was hit three times by enemy fire but ■, wasn’t wounded not a bullet or Piell fragment broke the skin." the sergeant said. • • • Sergeant Lewis left Ital' in Janu- , ar\ and arrived in Abilene early Thursday on a 15-day furlough. He was sent back to the states because rf recurrent attacks of asthma His part in the war from now on is ex- : peeled to be on a limited service basis, but tile sergeant believes in that, capacity he can still render taluable assistance to the war el-1 N—< \ SGT. LEONARD LEWIS fort. "Don't let anybody kid you that the Germans are not good soldier*," the sergeant said. adding, "but thev’re at least humane on the battlefield.” "No, I didn t kill any Germans, that I know of. but I did toss lots of hand grenades where they were." rn »    • The sergeant had a telescope site on his rifle but never had a chance to use it. he said rather dejectedly- When he left his company, the former Sweetwater National Guard company of the 142d infantry regiment, there had been only, six casualties. Sergeant Lewis is convinced of one thing-—that stories about “Sunny Italy" arr purr propaganda. Except for the first thrrr weeks of the invasion, it rained continuously In Italy," the sergeant said. Sergeant Lewis spent Ii days at the front when the Salerno beachhead was established and the next time up was there 42 days. He has been on active duty since the 36th was mobilized in November. 1940. He has two brothers in service--Melvin, a sergeant on duty with the air corps in India, and Clyde, a rookie at Ft. Sill, Okla. Hamlin Trustees Are Re-Elected HAMLIN, April I — 'Spit— In a listless election here today Fred Carpenter and Holly Toler were returned as trustees of the Hamlin independent school district and Eddie Jay was installed on the board for his first term. A. B. Carlton was elected county trustee. L. H McBride is president of the Hamlin board. Other members are J. Uhben, A. Spencer and Craig Elmore. DFC to Odessan Second Lt James H Haynes of Odessa, in the U. S. Army 12th Air Forcp, has been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, according to an Associated Press di patch from Washington 'The annotine -merit was made bv the War riepai - The Weather In Big Raids By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor In coordinated blows to protect powerful sea forces striking at the fortress of Palau, American bombers have wiped out two thirds of Japan’s air power at Hollands, New Guinea, and made six neutralizing raids on Truk in three days while des lr oyers steamed to within 400 miles of Truk to rake the Kapinga-marangi islands with gunfire. South Pacific Liberator heavy bombers, attacking Truk Thursday in the second consecutive day of raids on the otrong-point bv Solo-tnons-based aircraft, shot down ll intercepting planes. Spventy-one Japanese planes were destroyed in Friday’* raid on the big Hollands base, General MacArthur announced todav. Hollan-riia I* on the southern flank of the sea road to the Palau Islands which block the approaches to the Philippines. Nunakitsu and Nom Islands in the seaplane base of the Ka p toga-Martngi 'Greenwich! Islands were heavily damaged bv American naval guns This was the closest warship approach to vaunted Truk .since a carrier force attacked the ba e Fob. 16-17. The two way bombing attack LONDON, April 2—(AP)—American Liberators bombed industrial and communications targets deco in Southwest Germany today and some of their number accidentally dropped incendiaries on the border city of Schaffhausen in neutral Switzerland, causing 36 to 50 deaths and heavy damage. A U. S. Army communique in reporting on the day s op-erat ions announced that, some bombs had hit Swiss territory* blaming navigational difficulties induced by bad weather. It did not further identify. th* area in which the accidental bombardment occurred nor list the German target! of the tighter-escorted Liber ators. Thornes F Hawkins, Associated Press correspondent, in a dispalch from the Swiss city which is near lake* Constance on the German frontier, definitely declared that Schaffhausen wa* hit and said at least 36 persons were killed and 150 injured A Swiss communique said 30 American planes participated in the accidental bombing of Schaffhausen. Thirteen bombers and four fighters failed lo return from the operations, which Included .strafing attacks on enemy airfields by the escorting American I ic hteri. Latest Swiss broadcasts placed the death toll at 30. with others buried under the debris. Swiss reports also said ihe bombing had caused considerable damage In Ihe cliv. "Due to difficulties of navigation in had weather sonic bombs fell on Swiss territon by mistake," the U. ; Lige Turner, 70, Succumbs Here See PA( II H , Pg. 9. < ol. I I See SWISS BOMBS. Pg. 9, Col. I r, W. tLigei Turner, 70. an Abilene jeweler for 47 sears died yesterday st 4:30 p rn. In a local hospital after being stricken with a heart attack at Ills home earlier rn the day. Mr. Turner's home was at North 4th and Hickory. A native of Kansas, Mr Turner was iKirn at Pie wen ton, Lynn coun-| tv. Sept I. 187.1. He came to Ahi-' Ie ne 47 veals ago to open a jewelry firm and wa still interested in that work at the time of his death. He is survived by his wife. one daughter, Mrs. John B. Griffin of Abilene, two son*. F W Turner Jr, of Wa'O and Pete E Turner of the United Mn'e* Navy and one brothel Ed L. Turner of Pittsburgh, Penn. Funeral arrangement* will be an-I nounced from Elliott a funeral ; home. Modifying Original Demands, Moscow Reported WILLING TO FOREGO TAKING FINNISH AREAS I-. S DE CART MENT OI COMM! WEA1 MIR HI REAI ABILENE and vicinity: Partly c and mild Sunday and Monday. wind* EAST Ii VAS Partly cloudy and -howrr* in extreme youth portion day Monday, partly i lr illy, Sh ic youth and central portion* u linty Sunday and Monday. WEST TEXAS Partly iloudy. < ti anne in temperature **urid*' it»y, partly rlnudy. yhower* ea Prio* and riel R'0-l,a*le Pa** yy armer in youth plain' aud panty TEMPER ATI RIS y*t AM in    HOI R Sal PM HO IS 40 IO to to ♦It IS SI SS so os 'n Kl at Kl Kl High and low temperature* to 9 St and S3. High and low lame date la*t Kl* and SO Sun*et la'l night: *.S» «nnri*e tim mnrnin*; I.IS. Sunset tonight; *.59. RI E loud v I re'h mild, Sun-o aery Ere*h tittle Mon *1 n( area* a ndlr Tri *5 IS *4 OS 04 04 0‘i OI p. rn year BI RT I). MILLER high school and was employed In the circulation department of tile Abilene Reporter-News before volunteering for Army servk e as a private. Dec. 2, 1941, five days behove Pearl Harbor. Mrs Miller is a daughter of the Rev, and Mrs. James Alexander and she resided with them at 2025 Swenson. Her father is city missionary of the First Baptist < I lurch. Lieutenant Miller reached Eng-j land January 20 The last letter re-‘ rived by his wife, written. March ll, indicated he had just been on his first bombing mission or was 1 about to go on i . Mrs. Miller said Saturday she was sure he was on I one of his first, if not his first mus- See LT. MILLER, Pg 9. Col. 7 AOM Ex-Students To Convene Today HOUSTON, April I 4* Tile briard of directors of thf Texas A 'and M college ex-students’ association will meet in College .Station tomorrow to discuss tile controversy between thp college’s board of directer;, and former president T. O Walton, J. P Hamblen, association president, said todav. At a meeting there tonight the board disitosed of routine business of the association. Hamblen refused to speculate on what action the board might take in the dispute touched off by the foiiege board s dismissal of Dr. Walton. STOCK HO! M, Sunday. April 2 i/lv — Rus. ia was understood in reliable quarters today to harp expressed a willingness to allow Pin* 1 land to retain the Hangar peninsula and the city of Viipuri in a modification of the Soviet armistice terms handed to Dr Juho K Paast-I kivi, of Finland. Dr Paasikivi. who has been in Moscow since Wednesday, was re-! ported to have obtained the modifications after Finland rejected the original Russian terms The Finnish parliament will meet Monday to hear what was described as "an important government an noun* ement " While reported to be willing to forego claims on Viipuri and Bangor the Russians were said rehab Iv to have spt a high reparations claim for Finland to pay and several Finns expressed fear that the I Helsinki government might    "re- i gam the price as mo .steep." However, that us for the Finn; h I cabinet and Parliament to decide I in their (Dining meetings. Govern -metit ministers art operating in the greatest secrecy and Finns here are unwilling to express any views on p.* likely attitude because o! thp dsn-*r of hampering the progress of the negotiations. It was not known here what if anvilling, the modification details provided with regard to the problem of German troops in Northern Finland — a problem on which tile earner pearr negotiations were said to have snagged The theory was discussed when the original terms were under consideration several weeks ago that th» Germans might be isolated instead of interned if they refused to leave the country voluntarily. It is ..ate to assume that the prs ct)-cabrie* of this problem were thoroughly outlined in Moscow. I INLAND MAY GAIN — Russia last night was reported reach to modify its demands on Finland by permitting th® Finns to retain Hangoe and Viipuri, points which    al low the Finns to have more important coast points. ' iipuri its directly across from Leningrad. ;