Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 1, 1954, Abilene, Texas
FAIR AND WARMER€i)c Abilene Reporter-Jims"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 289
Associated Preis (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 1, 1954 -TWENTY-SIX PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Windham Jury Retires, Resumes Work Today
By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer
BAIRD, March 31. — The jury Which heard the murder trial of Ernest Windham in 42nd District Court here retired to the dormitory at 10 p. m. Wednesday without having reached a verdict.
Judge J. R. Black dismissed the jury for the night after the panel had deliberated three and one-half hours. He instructed them to con
tinue working toward a verdict Thursday morning.
Testimony in the trial which opened Monday was completed shortly after noon Wednesday. Attorneys’ arguments were completed at 7 p. m. and the jury started deliberating immediately, having eaten a light meal during a recess at 5:30 P- ni.
Windham is accused of murder in connection with the fatal shoot-
INCLUDING PAY HIKES
House Panel Okays Shivers Proposals
AUSTIN. March 31 uV — The House Appropriations Committe, in a surprise move, recommended today passage of a ‘ package bill to take care of all three of Gov. Shivers’ spending proposals.
The single bill would provide a 3402 a year raise for teachers, a $120 increase for state employees and $10,687,500 for an emergency building program.
Also recommended to the House was a separate teacher pay raise plan by Rep. Charles Murphy, Houston, which closely parallels the governor’s but which would let local school boards give the increases strictly on a merit basis. Will Have Choice
The House thus will have a choice of whether it wartts to give teachers a $402 a year across the board increase in base pay as suggested bv Shivers and the Texas State Teachers Assn. or allow raises on merit.
The package appropriation carries a concession to Speaker Reu* ben Sentcrfitt on the formula for
The proposed credit of $100 per teacher against each school district's local fund assignment would be only an “offset" credit as suggested by Senterfitt.
As passed bv the Senate, the bill would have allowed schools to use the $100 credit for any legal purpose. ,,
Uses Shivers Idea
The package bill carries the governor’s recommendation that tne division of state and local financing be placed on an 80-20 ratio, abandoning the present law under which local districts pay a fixed total of 45 million dollars a year.
The tempo of legislative action stepped up today on three major subjects—taxes, teacher pay. and stricter control oi subversives.
Hp. B. H. Dewey Jr.. Bryan, offered the package spending bill as a substitute for the Senate-
ing of his brother, John, Feb. 16 at John’s ranch seven miles north of Clyde. The state did not seek the death penalty and Windham based his defense on a claim of accidental shooting.
Special Prosecutor Dallas Scarborough of Abilene opened arguments for the state and District Attorney Wiley Caffey of Abilene made the state’s closing address. Callahan County Attorney Felix Mitchell gave a factual resume of testimony concerning the way in which the shooting occurred. Davis Scarborough of Abilene was also associated with the prosecution.
Dell and Perry Barber, Colorado City attorneys and brothers, both spoke in Windham’s defense.
Judge J. R. Black charged the jury on the law concerning punishment for murder with malice.
Gun Examined Twenty minutes after receiving the case the jury asked to be al-That was the earliest possible lowed to examine the gun which date it could be set, under legisla- caused John Windham’s death. At tive rules, thus strongly indicating the end of two hours and 15 min-the Senate’s desire to finish the job utes the panel returned to the for which the special session pri- courtroom to report that it had marily was called. not reached a verdict but Judge
Another tax bill came close to Black sent them back to continue
final House decision. j deliberating.
By Rep. George Hinson, Mineola, A second attempt by the state it seeks to tax natural gas entering to put Bob McDaniel of Abilene long lone transmission lines under on the witness stand ended in fail-contracts of more than one year. ure> McDaniel was served a last-Final arguments on the measure minute subpoena Tuesday but had begun when Rep. Douglas ; when he reported to the courthouse Bergman, Dallas, asked the House he was too ill to testify, to recess until 10:30 a.m. tomorrow | prosecution attorneys had an at-so members would have time to tachment issued Wednesday morn-study what he considered “serious ing Texas Hanger Jim Paulk went questions as to the bill’s constitu- McDaniel’s home to take him
tionality.” jnt0 custody but learned that he
Hinson wanted to push for immediate passage, but the House see WINDHAM, Pg. 3-A, Col. 1 voted to quit. I-—-—
Big Spring Hospital Contract Charges to Be Aired Today
By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, March 31. — Senator Dorsey Hardeman has called a meeting Thursday of the Senate’s General Investigating Committee to hear charges brought by Senator Wayne Wagonseller on handling of state hospital construction contracts.
The meeting has been set by Hardeman, chairman of the standing committee, for 2 p.m.
Senator Wagonseller said Wednesday he plans to ask postponement of the hearing because he has not yet had time to prepare his detailed charges.
Rejects Russian Proposals for 'Security
Duval Judge Discharges New Juries
ALICE, March 31 UP»—A new dis trict judge discharged today in coming Duval County grand jury and petit jury panels along with | three jury commissioners who picked them.
District Judge A. S. Broadfoot, who came out of retirement at Bonham in North Texas to replace ousted Judge Woodrow Laughlin in this politically tense South Texas area, threw out the talesmen and commissioners after holding a court of inquiry.
Broadfoot said he did it after Inquiring “into the manner in which , the jury commissioners were selected. the manner in which they had served and the kind and character of grand and petit jurors they attempted to select.”
In one section of his order, Broadfoot said the commissioners “did not use due care and diligence in selecting fair impartial
grand and petit jurors.”
The new grand and petit jurors were to have been impaneled April 5. Broadfoot’s action dissolves the
panel. , ... .
Broadfoot’s action was significant in a series of events in Duval County, the county seat of which is San Diego 10 miles west of here.
Duval County is the bailiwick of political boss George Parr. The county’s affairs have been under federal and state Investigation.
Tne current Duval County grand jury has been conducting its own probe of county affairs. Atty. Gen. John Ben Shepperd has charged that it is dominated by Parr—that many of its members are tied in with Parr.
It was expected the new grand jury would continue checking Duval' County affairs. Shepperd was here today when Broadfoot issued his order. He had no comment.
The ousted jury commissioners are J. A. Tobin of San Diego. Jose Angel Heras of Benavides and Ty-lene is secretary - treasurer and son Summy of Freer. They were
(More from Austin on Pg. 12-B)
tiee of the hearing to J. Rutledge Hill of Dallas, chairman of the Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools.
The West Texas Associated General Contractors of America, meeting in Abilene March 23, went on record as saying they knew of no mishandling of state hospital contracts in 81 counties of West Texas thev serve. Houston Hill of Midland is president of the association of contractors. Ed Baifanz of Abi-
tague County, several months ago charged discrimination and failure
- ----------- .... _ „ , to award contracts to the lowest
passed $402 teacher pay bill. Kep. |n the letting of conrtacts
Dolph Briscoe, Uvalde, explained j jQr at jjjg spring Hospital.
Wagonseller who is from Mon- Hugh Welch of Abilene, formerly I empaneled Jan. 25 by Laughlin. wagonseuer, vvno is irom .vion , Qf ^ Angelo is cxecutive Secre-j Among the court of inquiry’sof
Hardeman said he has sent no- Hardeman
the change on the $100 credit pro-
AsRed whsy¥thend*e.M^edit r, JJJRY TO GET CASE TODAY
limited to being used as an offset against the amount school districts will have to contribute to the minimum foundation program, Briscoe
‘The $100 offset will be more easily understood. That follows the suggestion made by the speaker < Senterfitt i.”
Why were the governor’s spending proposals wrapped into a package bill after three separate bills doing the same thing already had
Pa*ft would^heaaCmatter of better lated on the witness stand in 104th p.m. Wednesday until 9 It would be a man oi Deuer I Djstrk.t Court Wednesday how Thursday morning.
tary. jfieers was Atty. Gen. John Ben
Copy of the contractors’ resolu- Shepperd. who had been making tion on the contract procedure in an investigation of public affairs West Texas was sent to Senator in nearby Duval County ior more
than a year.
powerful that one can “destroy’ the biggest city.
The two new hydrogen weapons tests have added an “enormous” potential to American military strength, he revealed.
Appearing at a White House news conference with President Eisenhower, the AEC chief did two things:
1. Gave an official estimate of the destructive force of the new thermonuclear bomb. He said It is possible to “destroy,” “take out,” even the vast metropolitan area of New York. Later he said ’ he meant “put a city out of com- ( mission, not level it.” Thus he used several descriptive phrases, leaving his listeners a choice.
2. Read a format statement, the object of which appeared to be to allay fears at home and abroad
The state had put on three wit-iner testified, ordered Renner to about the two H-bomb tests con-
STRAUSS ACCOMPANIES PRESIDENT—President Eisenhower is accompanied by Lewis L. Strauss, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, as the chief executive walks from the White House in Washington to talk to reporters at his news conference in the Executive Offices building.
H-Bomb Can Wreck Any City—Strauss
WASHINGTON, March 31 Wl — I time was the testing out of con-Lewis L. Strauss, chairman of the j trol.”
Atomic Energy Commission, said j Questioning converged on the today this nation now can make power of the hydrogen explosive, hydrogen bombs so stupendously How big is the area of destrue
e..i iL.i • Moctrntr’ *
Amarillo Taxi Driver Tells Court of Stabbing, Stomping
tion? Strauss said:
Bid to Join NATO Gets Flat Refusal
WASHINGTON, March 31 (/P)—A surprise Moscow proposal for a “security” stystem drew a flat rejection tonight from the United States, which called it in effect a Trojan Horse trick to ruin the defenses of the Western world.
The Soviet Union offered to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) if the Western Powers would join a Russian-sponsored European security plan from which Germany would be barred.
Moscow dispatches said that as part of the same deal, the Soviet Union also called on the Western Powers to junk their plan for setting up a European Defense Community (EDO) to which a rearmed Germany would contribute troops.
The Russian proposals were contained in a 10-page note handed to the ambassadors of the United States, Britain and France by Russian Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov at Moscow.
A few hours later a State Department spokesman read newsmen a statement, saying:
“The present proposal of the Soviet Union inspires no confidence in the face of the continued iron grip of the Soviet Union on its captive peoples. It is a maneuver to gain admittance within the walls of the
Sedwick Youth Dies in (rash Near Albany
ALBANY. March 31 — One per-
________ ____ son was killed and another injur-
ordinary session, reprimanded 1 ed in an automobile wreck near Marshall Alphonse Juin and 1 here Wednesday afternoon, stripped him of two high posts for j Benny Hurley, 19, of Sedwkck, his criticism of the EDC plan for died in Shackelford County Me-a united European army. j morial Hospital about 45 minutes
after the accident.
Buster McCloud. 26. of Albany, was treated at the hospital for cuts and bruises but /was not admitted as a patient.
The accident happened at 5:30 p. m. about five miles east of Albany on t/. S. Highway 180.
. . . . T i „r i The 1950 model car driven by
The Cabinet stripped Juin¡ofthe Hurley faiIed to make a curve and
posts of official adviser to the gov- overturned at least twice, ernment on defense strategy, and I and jvfcCIoud, a passenger,
vice president of the NstionsI Sti* j traveling west
perior Council for armed fotces. J xhe accident was investigated by The American reaction to the | Highway Patrolman B. J. Daven-
West to undermine its security.”
In Washington there were many who regarded the Russian move as an attempt to deal a death blow to EDC, already bogged down In the French Parliament, and to trade on fears in many lands as a result of the growing potency of atomic and hydrogen weapons.
French Rap Juin The division of opinion in France over EDC was highlighted tonight as the French Cabinet, in extra
In a speech last weekend, Juin said EDC was unwieldy and should be replaced by some substitute measure. He said, however, he recognized the need of strengthening Western defenses with German manpower. Many Frenchmen balk at the idea of rearming Germans.
“W’ell, the nature of an 11-bomb ; Russian proposals was swift, is that, in effect, it can be made The UnUed States. repiy, which as large as you wish, as large as Secretary oi state Dul|es helped
the military requirement demands; that is to say, an H-bomb can be made large enough to take out a city, to destroy a city.”
By HAMILTON WRIGHT ............
An Amarillo taxicab driver re-! nesses before recessing at 5:30 cut out the d-radio as quick
‘ “ o’clock as you can.” He asked for Ren
ner’s money. Wielding a knife.
ducted this month. Reaction is mounting in several nations, including Japan and England. A full-
legislative proceduie, Briscoe re passengers hit him in the Renner testified he was hailed **i got my billfold out and gave scale debate in Britain s Tai^a
Dewey was asked why the pack- head, stabbed and stomped him, by three men on the evening ^ of | n to him. He asked if I had any ment on the subject of ..ydrogen
...kin Ztl Stored at this late* causing him to he unconscious for Dec. 24, 1952, on a downtown Am- m0re and I gave him some coins
;six days and nights in St. Anthony arillo street and directed to go to from my pocket. Robertson held a
Take or Leave ’Em
He said that “gives you all three
on the floor; you can take them or leave them.’’
A 25-30 million dollar tax bill—
bombs is scheduled.
Strauss told newsmen both the
Hospital there. 512 Lincoln St. At the spot only a six-inch hunting knife on me. an(* ^arcl1
'Paul II. Renner was testifying house was on the rear of the lot, “Lucas then said, ‘Let’s kill! sh°ts were successful; that no
him,’ ” Renner testified.
“1 told them to go easy and I’d purpose ot improving muiiary and Jo- give them everything I had. They *•-rcngth and readiness and that with rii 4V.L. “there are no idle or wanton
in the armed robbery case of How- Renner testified ard Wade Copeland, 18-year - old ‘Let’s Kill Him’
Pennsylvania youth, which was Earl George Robertson _________ ___
approved by the "House yesterday— transferred from 47th Disrict scph Paul Lucas, companions with aR three hit me.
was received in the Senate and Court to Abilene on chance of ven- Copeland, have already been sen- “Then Copeland also said, ‘Let’s
swiftlv set for hearing Friday at ue. Renner was also robbed of fenced to life terms in the peniten- ^ill him’. 1 started to get out of
2 p.ni $24.86 in money, he said. tiary in this case. Robertson, Ren- the left door and Copeland caught
--------me by the boot heel and I fell to
the ground. Then all three set upon me. Thes stomped me and hit me with a pipe. I blacked out.” Scars Displayed Renner stood before the jury with his shirt lifted to show numerous knife and other scars about his stomach, breast and shoulders. Renner said he lay six days and nights in the hospital unconscious. He received five blood transfusions and two or three pla.s- j ma treatments. “I remained in the hospital 18 days and even now my condition is bad.”
test is made without a definite of improving military
Of the March 1 blast, which flung fission ashes far outside the then established safety zone around the Marshall Islands proving grounds in the Pacific, Strauss insisted that reports of tnis explosion going out of control were exaggerated and mistaken. He commented:
“I would not wish to minimize it. It was a stupendous blast in the megaton range, but at no
Trading Stamp Tax Protested
Reporter-News Austin Bureau
AUSTIN, March 31. — Protests against a tax on trading stamp companies poured in to state senators Wednesday.
The tax proposal came as a surprise. It was tacked onto the major tax bill passed by the House Tuesday. Rep. W. R. Chambers of May sponsored it.
Chambers’ plan would levy a 10 per cent gross receipts tax on jobbers who handle trading stamps, the “bonuses” given on purchases by many stores. The stamps are in turn redeemed for merchandise.
The tax would not be on the
to draft, labeled the Russian proposal as an effort by Molotov to retrieve “diplomatic failure” at the Berlin Big Four foreign ministers meeting.
The statement recalled that, at Berlin last month, Molotov “adopted two lines of attack”:
U. S. Just Observer
“First, he insisted that NATO was aggressive and should be abandoned.
“Secondly, he proposed, as a substitute, a 32-nation European security pact, from which the United States would be excluded other than as an ‘observer’ along with Red China.”
But these maneuvers, the statement added, were unsuccessful and Molotov “now proposes that instead of doing away with NATO the Soviet Union should Join it.” Further, it said, Molotov now
port, assisted by Shackelford County Sheriff Jack Moberiey.
Funeral arrangements for Hurley are pending the arrival of relatives here Thursday and will be announced by Castleberry Funeral Home.
Woman's naws .......... 4
Editorials ........ 2
Sports ............ 4-5
Comics ....... 8
Farm news ........11
Radio-TV log .......... 12
3 Youths Drown As Boat Capsizes
l\ s. DEPARTMENT OS COMMERCE WEATHER BI'REAV
_ | ABILENE AND VICINITY — Generally
Oil Cross - examination 1)> Cl jalr wlth rtslng temperatures Thursday
Calhoun, defense attorney, Ama- and rrtday. High temperature Thuraday
rillo, Renner argued considerably near 60 degreea. Low Thuraday night near
and had to be reproved several central texas: Generally
times by Judge Owen Thomas, fgir and Bi,ghtiy warmer through Friday, presiding judge. Calhoun was try- west TEXAS: oeneratty ram: warmer
ing to pin him down to the fact Friday and In Panhandle and South
that he didn’t know who held the Anl> south central texas:
knife or wielded the pipe. Finiily cieir to partly cloudy; rather cold Renner answered: Thuraday; .slightlywar»« Friday
‘Never Saw Knife or Pipe’ Wed AM
“I never saw any knife or pipe, 44 .....
in the defendant’s hand. The knife was either with Lucas or Copeland. I can’t swear who stabbed But when I tried to get out
LATEST SINCE 1924
TYLEK. March 31 uH-Three
. i au- youths drowned today when their
would indude the I nited .tdtes as lK)at capsjzed as they fished on
a participant in its all-Europtan Lake Tyler. The bodies were resecurity treaty. covered several hours later.
The statement said “the basic The boys were Dan Florence,
store which gives stamDs but on objections” raised against the So- Jim Gibson and Othel Bynum, all
the stamp company. Chambers ex- vIct prop«Sal ,t HrH,,, .pply alsotof Overton. They ranged in age
plained. Exempt are stores who to a* niw Sovlet ploposal- lfrom 19 to 20
handle their own individual stamps.
Senators found stacks of telegrams protesting the tax on their desks when they came to work Wednesday. Sen. Harley Sadler reported 19 telegrams from Snyder alone. He said they were signed by Snyder merchants and clerks.
The trading stamp tax was put on in the House without a public hearing. Chambers introduced it as an amendment on the floor when the tax bill was under consideration.
No Foolin'—April 1 Freeze Due Here
A U. S. Weather Bureau fore-| The lowest reading ever record-caster Wednesday night reached ed here in April was April 5, 1886 into his bag of tricks and came up when the temperature dropped t* Rep. Joe Kilgore, sponsor of the with a prediction for an April 25 degrees.
Governor’s bill, agreed to take the Fool’s Day freeze in Abilene. Generally fair weather is fore
amendment without protest after j The mercury was to drop to 30 cast for Thursday and Friday Chambers promised that he would degrees just before daylight Thurs- with rising temperatures. High withdraw it if any inequities show-j day, the coldest for April 1 since temperature Thursday will be near ed up when the Senate has public 1924. 60 degrees, the low Thursday night
and fell, all three stomped me until I was unconscious.
“Copeland stomped on me as much as the two other met.” Renner said he didn’t know when
44 41 31
37 35 3«
1 30 3:30 3 30 4:30 3 30
8 30 1030
II 30 IS 30
Wed. P M
..... 50 S3
High and low temperatures lor 34 hours
ARMY MESS IIALL BURNS—The kitchen part of an Army mess hall at Fort Bragg, N. C., burns after a C-119 plane crashed on the reservation. The explosion of gas tanks and the wreckage of the plane, right, causes smoke to rise above rescue workers. Six persons lost their lives in the crash.
he got the wounds as he was ended at 8;30 p.m: 54 and 34 blacked out on the ground. He High and low temperatures earn* date
said he did not see Copeland hit him but knew he did because “I
fee STABBINO, »»9 3-A Col. 4
last year: 78 and »4 Sunset last night 8 51 p.m. lunrlM today 6:38 a m. sunaet tonight 8:88 p m Barometer reading at 8:30 p m. 3* 39. Relatlv* humidity at 8 30 p.m. 44*%.
hearing on the House bill.
BET HE WON'T DO IT AGAIN!
“I used to say guys that do that ought to be shot.”
“That” is waiting until the last minute to buy one’a license plates,
“I” was Grady Parmelly, 1334 Meander St., former Taylor County Tax Assessor-col-lector, as he was waiting about 9 p.m. Wednesday for deputy Tax Collector Mary Bishop to issue him his own license plates for the coming year.
•TO try not to do this next year,” Parmelly said.
The wind Wednesday night had near 40, and the high Friday near settled down to a little more than 70.
a rustle — 5 to 10 miles an hour The early spring cold snap Wed-on the average — and the still nesday threatened a large portion weather was expected to intensify of North Texas with a hard freeze the cold that clung to the city by early Thursday and frost was during the day. expected to extend into south Cen-
Wednesday morning’s low of 34 tral Texas, degrees was the coldest March 31 ( There were some thundershi«w-; since 1931 when 28 degrees was ers in East Texas and some blow-recorded. Coldest temperature for ing dust in West Texas, that day of the month on record The thundershowers developed I was 27 in 1926. after a Pacific front with some
And the mercury only climbed moisture in it went aloft to ride ! to 54 degrees Wednesday after- a mass of cold Canadian air grip-noon. ping the greater portion of the
The last freeze thus far this state. The combination of damp year was 26 degrees on March 15. and cold air caused some rain and The latest freeze last year was 30 scattered light bail in Central and 1 degrees on March 4, and the latest East Texas, freezing temperature since records The heaviest rainfall was .78 of were begun in 1886 was on April an inch at Groesbeck in Lime-17 in 1921 and 1947. It was 30 de- stone County. Waco had amounts greet bo til days. 1 ranging from .07 ol as loch te .44.