Abilene Morning Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 13, 1945, Abilene, Texas
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®f)e Abilene Reporter
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;» VOL. LXIV, NO. 262
A TEXAS NEWSPAPn
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 13, 1945 —TEN PAGES
Associated Press < AP)
United Press (UP)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Kuestrin Falls; First Advances
Six Soviet Divisions Ihrust Toward Berlin
LONDON, March 12.—(AP)—Kuestrin, principal strong-point in tuc Oder river defenses 38 miles northeast of Berlin, fell today to Marshal G. K. Zhukov’s First White Russian |rmy and German broadcasts said six Soviet divisions were trusting toward the capital from bridgeheads west of the river. * |-
Studios Closed In Strike; Each Side Hits Other
Nagoya Aircraft Plant Other Plants Damaged
W recked, by Supers
Announcement of the capture of Kuestrin after a week of bitter street fighting was ifiade by Premier Stalin in an order of the day which was the first Russian confirmation of a smash toward Berlin.
The regular Soviet communique Ip-oadca.st from Moscow repeated annniincrnirnt of the fall of Kuestrin and disclosed advances within nine miles northwest of Danzig, which left only small isolated pockets of Nazis to be mopped up in *||>rthcastern Pomerania.
™The Germans, usually well in advance of the Russians in announce-mon\ of developments on the eastern front, lagged behind Moscow In reporting capture of Kuestrin.
The Nazi defenders had to be Masted out of the citadel city (in mo Oder's east bank where the
HOLLYWOOD. March 12—i.-Pi— Charging film producers with bad faith in labor relations, union pressed strike maneuvers tonight in the face of an ultimatum from the War Labor board after a day that witnessed the shutdown of four major studios and the threat of paralysis of the entire industry.
Advised that the War Labor board in Washington had instructed some 15.000 employes to return to work
By ELMOiVr WAITE
21ST BOMBER COMMAND, Guam, March 12—'7P>—< Via Navy Radkh Fifteen fires still were burning in Nagoya, chief aircraft production center of Japan, 12 hours after a terror-spreading middle of the night incendiary raid by more than 300 B-29 bombers.
Reconnaissance photographs disclosed today the greatest single item in the official list of flame-swept, targets was the Aichi aircraft works’ Eitoku plant. A total of 358,000 square root (nearly 14 per cent, of the roof area) was destroyed. This Included complete gutting of one of the main sub-assembly buildings.
Smoke at the time thè photographs were made at noon yesterday still obscured a large porticn of the city but the 21st Bomber Command does not expect to find “anv extensive damage under the smoke," said Maj.
mission 48 hours earlier, when more than 300 B’29s devastated the heart of the Japanese capital. Neither did the fires spread as rapidly as in Tokyo, he added.
Latest information raised to 16.7 square miles the extent of destruction in Tokyo, Lemay said. Last estimates were 15 square miles.
Among additional targets now disclosed as destroyed in Tokyo were Nisso Steel Mfg. Co.. Fujikura Electric Cable Works, Tokyo Gas Co. (Suranachi branch», Tokyo Kozia Co. and Tsukiji market and warehouse.
Damage to Nagoya “certainly was not inconsiderable," Lemay acknowledged.
He said all but. one of the raiders returned. Only two were lost over Tokyo.
"Nagoya looked looked like the inside of a great, furnace,” said Lt. Clark Koller, McNabb, 111., airplane commander who was on his fifth mission
Gen. Curtis Lemay, commander of the 21st, after viewing the pictures.
Major damage was done in five areas centered about two miles south \ over Japan, of Nagoya castle but the llames evidently were controlled just as they | Col. D. W. Eisenhart. Culbertson, Neb., chief of staff of Tinian-based started to merge. j Superfortresses, said "Nagoya was a sea of flame."
Moderate damage was reported at the Hokoku machinery company: Lt. Col. Ellery Preston, Rockland, Me., group commander, said he plant and minor damage to the Atsuta factory of the Nagoya arsenal; to could see the glare 100 miles away.
harbor facilities, to the Diido electric steel plant. Tsuki.n plant, to the! Sgt. John C. Appel, Rochester, N. Y., said ‘‘We must have hit a muni-Nissan chemical plant and the Sumitomo light metals plant, j tions plant. We saw a big explosion which seemed to light the whole
Fires still were burning at the Daido, at the harbor and at the Nissan ! region.” chemical plant. \ "Mr. O'Leary's cow had nothing on us,” beamed Sgt. Shcrwin Davidson,
Lemay said, however. :he strike was not as successful as the Tokyo Philadelphia.
Furious Iwo Jima Action Nearly Ended
Bridgehead Expands To Five by 11 Area
PARIS, March 12.—(AP)—The U.S. First Army jumped off early today in the first big Allied assault east of the Rhine( scored gains up to two and a half miles, and expanded its bridgehead to nearly five miles deep and 11 miles wide.
Oder and Warthe rivers meet. Much j before it would further act on peti-
of Kuestrin was destroyed, block bv block, by Soviet dive-bombers. atViilery, motars and flamethrowers
'4 Berlin commentators insisted that the Russian attacks south of Kuestrin and west of the Oder were not yet a drive on j Berlin itself but were aimed at j “extension of the Russian bridgeheads and getting the IrOder crossings out of range of German artillery.’’
Moscow did not confirm west- * ward attacks from the Oder bridge- ! heads.
With the fall of Kuestrin. which had a pre-war population of 22,000, j Paukov's forces were arrayed along 120 miles of the Oder's east bank fCrf'scen, 65 miles southeas\ o' Berlin, to the Stettiner Haff, the , la coon into which the river empties nm'h of the besieged port of Stet-
**Meanwhile the Russians pressed their heavy a',tacks on Stettin. Dan- ; rig and Gdynia.
In an earlier order of the day. Stalm announced the capture of T<vew 'Dirschau1, 19 miles south->• of Danzig on the west bank m the Vistula river; Neustadt ¡We.merowo'. 13 miles northeas'i of Gdynia, and Putzig 'Puck*. a coast town 12 miles northwest of Gdynia and 10 northeast of Neustadt.
«fe The communique from Mos-row disclosed that Marshal ^ Konstantin K. Rokossovsky's forces northwest of Danzig actually had sliced that territory Into small sectors and had pushed within eight miles of Gdvnia ^with the capture of Killetschau. southwest of the port, and Reschke, directly west of Gdynia.
These forces also speared northward to topple Karwen on the Baltic coast 16 miles north of Neu-*j|arit, and captured Quaschin, nine miles northwest of Danzig.
South Continuing fight on Floods
MEMPHIS, March 12-'/Pi—River authorities continued their counteroffensives tonight against floodwa-^rs in Arkansas and wes Tennessee. heartened because main levies still were holding.
The swollen Mississippi continued hi pour tons of water through a 300-foot break in southern section ffoi a privately-owned levee in Dyer k <$ninty, Tennessee, where 30,000 ncros already were inundated and 200 families had been driven from their homes.
The Mississippi was more than two feet above the 34-foot flood Ange at Memphis, but was below flood stage on the rest of its course tit the gulf. No danger was anticipated at Memphis nor farther down the stream.
Red Cross Fund Near Half-Way Point in Drive
Contributions during the sixth day of the Taylor County Red Cross War fund drive amounted to $4.-562 90. pushing the grand total to $33,651.63. announced R o s c o e Blankenship, general chairman.
“So far we have averaged a little more than $6,000 a day. To get nation' as''the 'bargaining'"agent' for ! thLs collection over the ton as rapid-
tions by the producers for a review in the three-cornered controversy. Herbert Sorrell, president of the conference of studio unions, responded :
“When the producers comply with the WLB arbitrator's award ... we will go back to work. Until then, there Is no reason for us to go back The producers haven't complied with the WLB award, so we say to hell with them."
No reply was forthcoming immediately from the strong producers association.
Previously, representatives of the producers termed the strike a jurisdictional dispute between two AFL unions, each trying to gain desig-
72 set decorators. The producers, in ; effect, said they would deal with 1
neither union.....The Painters Union.
Local 1421. and the International Alliance of Theatrical and Stage Employes—until the jurisdictional dispute was settled and one or the other determined the barganing agent.
Four major studias shut down during the day—R. K O.. Warner Brothers. 20:h Century Fox and Pathe. while Paramount. Universal, Columbia and Metro - Goldwyn -Mavor continued to operate.
Ballinger Soldier Praised in Letter From Dutch Family
BALLINGER, March 12—A letter from a family in Holland in whose home Sgt, Alfred R. Koenig has been living, has been received by his wife in Ballinger.
The letter regarding Sergeant Koenig, uncle of Laverne Koenig, 342 Amarillo. Abilene reads:
“Of course my family and I are strangers to you, but I believe we are no strangers to your husband. He has already been in our house since three weeks. I think it will be nice for you to hear something of your husband from people in Holland,
"We do for your husband all we can, because we know that he
ly as possible, we must increase our efforts." he declared.
“Contributions are coming in rapidlv over the window at ’he WAC shack. North 3d and Pine." he stated. reminding Taylor counti^ns that donations can be made at tha headquarters.
Three additional groups exceeded their quotas yesterday. Blankenship announced.
Clarifications, directors, quotas and amounts contributed are; druggists and confectioners. Joe Williamson. $525, $564.25; ranchers and capitalists. Homer Scott. $2,675. $3,-195 and osteopath-physicians, Lacy Beckham. $25, $25.
The 100 per cent list yesterday included Selective service boards one and two, Walgreen drug. Pos1 Office pharmacy. West Texas Products co.. Singer Sewing machine co. Abilene boiler works. Abilene candv co.. Dr. C. N. Ray.
Nazi Industries Heavily Bombed
LONDON, March 12—<.-?•—Great fleets of American heavy bombers an., the largest force of British heavies ever used in daylight formed a mighty armaria of more than 2,550 planes which ravaged Germany's communications and indus-js ! tries from the Ruhr to the Baltic
Hl’SSIAN FLAG FLIES OVER GERMAN FORT — The
' Russian llati fhes over a £:;mt German fort, smashed by S'-viet shells and captured by Red Army assault troops, op. tie approaches :<> Berlin, according to the caption on this !R.issian photo. (AP Wirephoto by radio from Moscow).
OT FREED FROM PHILIPPINE PRISON CHEERED, PROMOTED
Major Mindanao Airdrome Taken
By The Associated Press
American capture of the city of Zamboanga and its airdrome on newly-invaded Mindanao island in the southern Philippines, was reported late Monday by Gen. Douglas MacArthur.
Meanwhile the ferocious battle of Iwo Jima apparently neared its end with the Japanese remnant.«; backed into a narrowing sector on the Island's north coast.
General MacArthur said that doughboys of the 41 ^t division suffered only minor losses as thev overran strong Japanese steel and concrete pillboxes and ar'illerv positions to fake Zaboanga and its San Roque airfield. 200 miles from British Borneo. He added tha’ thp surprised Nipponese have not been able to effectively organize
The general reported American fliers smashed Borneo airfields, raided Baklan island. 12 mile.- south of Zamboanga, and hit *he airdrome a* Jolo. in the Sulu archipelago. southernmost of the Philippines chain.
On Luzon island the Yanks scored advances m the water.-heri area east of Manila, in the mmm'am.s far to the northeast, and in Batangas province on the southwest.
On conquered I.avte island. m<o-1 P’.ni: up troops counted 1.002 nddi-| tional* Japanese bodies during the i pa>; week.
| Phfiippine-baseri bombers hit Formosa and acro>.' the China sea. off ; French Inrto-Chir.a. th*'v sank or ; bari.lv damaged two Japanese 'ankers, including a lO.OOn ’onner.
On Iwo tiie small Japane-c-hcld area was further comrre-M-c; bu’ the Nmpone.'e Miff’/. resisted Ma-j rir.e advances. Naw gur..- and Armv ! planes hammered 'he trapped Jap-
American airmen r.tidt d ’he B> n-
WASHINGTON, March 12 — i/P—More than 1,000 battle casualties from Iwo Jima already have been landed in Hawaii by army transport command planes which meet Navy hospital ships in the Marianas.
The War department said today that between 250 and 300 wounded leave the Marianas by plane for Hawaii every 24 hours.
• • •
WITH THE I . S. NINTH ARMY. Germany. March 12 — (•Pi— Reports to the I*. S. Ninth Army today said some tattered remnants of German divisions reaching the east bank of the Rhine near Wescl were having difficulty finding billets because civilians and police were forcing them from small towns, fearing the Allies otherwise would bomb and shell their homes.
* v *
NEW YORK, March 12 — General Brandenmeger, chief of the German Seventh Panzer army, has been dismissed in disgrace. the British radio said tonight in a broadcast monitored by NBC. The broadcast said it had been reported from the U. S. Third Army front that half of the Seventh Panzer army had been destroyed in the Eifel campaign.
* • •
STOCKHOLM, March 12 —[IP)
_ The newspaper Aftontidnin-
gen in a dispatch attributed to German sources said today that riots broke out in Munich, birthplace of Nazism. last night in protest against the continuance of the war.
"Latest reports indicate the Bavarian capital is completely cut off from the rest of the world,” it added.
one of our liberators, and while he is a real good man, we enjoy it when we see how good he can amuse hint-self in a cozy sitting room. There he is writing letters to his wife or he is listening to the radio or he is talking with us. Indeed Mrs. Koenig you really can be proud because you have such a good and correct husband.
"When we are talking about .America, we can hear that he is
sea today—partly in direct support of Russia’s armies.
As the war’s greatest sustained aerial assault raged through its 28th day. the RAF, in the developing campaign to obliterate the Ruhr's industrial cities, sent more than 1,200 big Halifaxes and Lancasters to unload 5,000 tons oi bombs on Dortmund. At the same time 650 American heavies blasted the German naval base ol Swine-
'hinkmg of his wife and his lovelv ! niuende. clogged with seaborne re-
little baby. My sisters called the ^jibv Shirley Temple when they saw ..er nice picture.
"We will also thank you and all the American soldiers for all they did to give us, back our liberation. I cannot tell to you how much we had to suffer during that four and a half years that the Germans were m our country. Especially we thank Alfred for all lie did for us and we all hope that soon the war will be
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Wll.VlllKK IH HI Al Mill.I NI, ANI» VICINITY: Mostly , ...
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"We shall pray for him, God bless him and you. With best regards.”
The message was signed by Nice-lluyten and family.
Railway Man Files In City Election
BIG SPRING, March 12—<HW>
G W Dabney, a Texas and Pacific railroad employee for 39 years and a resident of Big Spring since has made application for his name to be filed on the ballot as a candidate for city commissioner in the municipal election April 3.
He is the third candidate to offer, Others are J. L. LeBleu, now serving, and Dr. J. E. Hogan.
Highest Court Won’t Review Labor Cases
WASHINGTON, March 12 —.V Two cases springing from dispute: orders of the War labor board tailed to get into supreme court toda\
The row over government svv/w.i-of Montgomery Ward A: Co, props’ ties wa;-, m ettcct. handed over ' the circuit court of appeals u!v-the supreme court declined a res.! , at this tunc. This meant the i i t cannot reach the high court ago;, before next tall.
Both sides sought to appeal directly to the supreme court from a Chicago federal district court decision that Army seizure of plan's in seven cities was illegal. It w.s carried out by presidential decree to back up WIJl orders.
In the second case, the 11 niteti States Gypsum Co. asked an injunction and a board judgment to define recjiiiremenof a WLB directive of 1943 concerning its Warren, Ohio, plant.
SAN FRANCISCO. March 12 .......P
- Through clieermg crowds. mau-, f whom removeti ihnr hat.s an. vept una.shamed. tue 272 liberati; u isoners oi Caban:«'. uan motor« > ;p Market Streit am ui a showi: ’! ticker tape and eontetti today u m official eine wehome.
"If tlus is n dream, what r
Cloudy Skies 4re Forecast
Cloudy skie-« were forecast for this -eetion toda1. b\ the weather bureau ollowmg spring s.lowers which doted the area Suiuiav night.
dream!" boomed bark Cpl A1 Jolly of San Francisco. They had marched together in a humiliating parade of defeat through jeering, dancing Japanese in the Philippines capita! three years ago.
That memorv and today's formed the keynote oi the celebration that included surprise promotion of three of their number to full Colonel, pre-.-ontation of gold welcome medal-.lons. pravers for their deliverance ;\v Rangers and guerrilla.' and a hotel banquet that included T-Bone s' eak.
All 272 had been raised a rank.
Typetymg the reverence of the onlookers, Ernest Mas.-ey, a water-front guard, got off a sick bed "jtu<t so I could stand here wi’h my hat o'f when thcx^e wondersul kids rode past, — after all they went through, r was little enough a fellow could
an airmen in islands, nor'h oi ed muiortant bases Striking on the front, a medium abnu; 40 America: flew from Ir.dia t< targets adjacent n
Hearing Today for Ex-Barkeley Soldier
DALLAS, March 12 - ,P— Fred Hurse. scheduled to die on the gallows at Camp Bowie Thursday, will seek to escape the death sentence m a habeas corpus hearing before Federal Judge William H. Atwell t (»morrow.
Hurse con'ends the court martial which sentenced him at Camp Barkeley for the slaying of Pvt. Eugene Pickney. technically acquitted him because the \e:\iict read that two-third.', oi the members ot the court martial concurred, whereas the law required an unanimous verdict where the death penalty is involved. Later ; orrection of the court martial record to show unanimous concurrence, ins petition contends, was illegal.
Private Picknev was killed and three other soldiers were wountieu when shots were ureo. into a dance hall at Camp B.trrii .ey March 22. la.st vear.
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were seized, bringing to 23 the number captured on the east bank since the Americans charged across the Luden-dorff bridge from Remagen Wednesday.
The Ruhr's munitions basin, less than 25 miles north of the attackers, faced its gravest peril of the war, and the Germans said Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges had thrown 40,000 men, including two tank and two infantry divisions, into the push.
A front dispatch said one for?e drove eastward overrunning Gin-sterhahn and Hargarten nearly four miles east of the Rhine, and pressed beyond to within three miles of a super military highway leading into the Ruhr.
Already one laterial highway feeding the German front had been severed in this drive. A southward prong drove into lioenningen, six miles south of Remagen and 11 miles from where the northernmost forces were battling to subjugate Hon-nee.
Associated Press Correspondent Don Whitehead said the attack rolled over the steep, wooded hills of the Westerwald in the blackness of 5 a. m.
At first the Americans were met by small arms, self-propelled guns and a few tanks, but later the Germans threw units into the line and began striking back with small counter-thrusts.
The Germans were Ourled from heights east of the Rhine and to the south. This robbed them of direct observation of their artillery fire, which was cratering the bridgehead and had scored a number of ineffectual hits on the Ludendorff bridge, the Remagen lifeline.
The Germans said Hodges had established "many Rhine crossings” north of the bridge.
Whitehead said that Hodges had so much power massed across the river that onlv a major counter-assault could budge it.
German broadcasts said the Americans also were attacking northeast of Honnef, which lies astride one of the main roads to the Ruhr, and said the furious fighting around Honnef was so fluid that it was not known which side now held the town.
Honnef is five miles north of Re-nn.gen, and is the closest approach to the southern end of the Ruhr.
Enemy broadcasts predicted''that soon Field Marshal Montgomery would lii.'ii out across the Rhine north of We.'el m a grand scale offensive to damp a giant pincers on the Ruhr.
A new*, dimout settled over most of the u l stern front, where for 150 miles along the Rhine General Eis-enh our holds the initiative and has armies ;n position to cross at any number of points.
OiK’ enemy account said the British. Second Army was making "frantic prep.¡rations" for a crossing between the Dutch border and En-merieh. nine miles to the east,
Defense of Every Inch of Italy Asked
R.OMr Marshal dered cl
Rainfall m inch at t tion. e\!( n< south t>: Ah: the Staniic.] sectors,
A two-ho'i ed 1 If) at K Stamford ie Farmers m mated the inch. Noi I li
which measured 17 of die airport weather >t:t-c.ed onlv a few nule^ lit lie but vv as heav 1er in ni Merkel and Rotan
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'he fall was heavy enough to Mar' creeks running. although m the Tu.-cola region, farming was going ahead on schedule.
Total precipitation for March, measured >o Abilene 1-; 38 of an inch, which comparer with .88 for the month last vear and noi ma! of 1.29. For the ve.u', total is 1 8t! against a normal of 2 4ti Bv the same date last vear. the precipitation totaled 3 74 inches.
AH the heroes were di iiiuiorms, their in>t in The dim r> cheered 1: v < r eagle.-, reproent i,^ l 11 colonel. were prnu o! licer," on thè sho,.Idei A.ber! J-ieìds. t'o'iev ! .a ir. ■... R WilL-oi Ark , and Donald W pus Christi. Te\
Bel ('re thc:r return to l.ettermen hospital tor linai checkup and relè. tse thè heroes "dici thè town," m tour.s and hotw visits.
l e Je
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rank of QUARTERS.
bv te ¿low ■Í Lt. Col ie, Kan.- . Rock, Saw telle, Cor-
DAI.I.AS, March 12 —,P — S, Saver, national personnel director for OP A, said here today that release of the agency's tiOUbO palu workers and 20o.000 voluntetis after the war will not cause unemplov ment problems in any section of the nation.
Smith has a-v-urn- d < i the service forces o; nie chic ileet. succeeding William L Caldo !. quaiters reported tod.r
New York First
ALBANY, N V , Marc New York toda', becam state m the union to e making religious or raci. in selecting workers a punish oil en.se.
Gov. Thomas F* Dew*-.. at».* 4á-minutr public ceremony in executive chamber -unco the ves-Qmrm anti-disciimniation
11E A D -
March : Waid laud oi S Pa-
e Alili’, e i d -
Interesting and important .stories in this edition include:
I’agr — Marvin Jones promises probe of I ( (' "scandals" as House approves extension.
I’age 15 — Amendment in legislature is Imended to free/e divisimi of slate motor fuel and registration taxes.
Page ti — Small nations to insist on international Bill of Rights in San Francisco conference.
Pagr 10 — Anti-dosed shop bill amended.
Page 10 — thiropracty bill held void.
Page 10 — Senators offer 39 more bills at deadline.
March 12 - oPField Mbcrt Ktvselnng has ormi, u troops to defend Si" of Italian teritorv as it v were lighting on the '. t many lt.-eif. lt was dis-,i.;v as encmv resi.'!ance greatly along the entire h Army front, i cio not rietend Italy in these ' but Germany ltsol:," said rei' r. which was found on a p: L-o'.ier. "Not one inch of i in;;.' be surrendered to our ■> without a battle. Otticers ien alike must be permeated his thought, x x x"
M'lriug s appeal to his troops iirect contradiction to rumors Ì -¡;ì: the Germans planned thdraw troni northern Italy ,ke up nt vv posi’ions Hi -ditch iorire.s m south-:y ani Austria.
MARCH BOND SALES
Overall Quota . . . $275,200.00
Overall Sales..... 133,135.00
Series E Sales..... 57,110,50
SAIA ACiE COLLEC TIONS
l’aper Pickup ..... April 1
Can C «»llection ____ Aprii 15
L’setl Fats ............ Daily