Abilene Morning Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 10, 1945, Abilene, Texas
SUPPORT YOUR «RED CROSS ....
Taylor County Quota . $69,000.00 Contributions to Date .. 24,671.67
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRfENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.” - Bvwn
• VOL. LXIV, NO. 259
A TEXAS 2-U9 NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 10, 1945—TEN PAGES
Associated Press (AP)
United Press (UP)
PRICE FIVE CENTSBreakout on Berlin Road Near
Supers Make Tokyo Blazing Inferno
By ROBBIN COONS
21 ST BOMBER COMMAND HEADQUARTERS, Guam, Saturday, March 10.—(JP)—America’s mirhtiest land-based air strike of the Pacific war—by a record force of m.rc than 300 B-29 Superfortresses—turned a
great area of Tokyo into an inferno today.
Tokyo fad».. acknowledged Saturday in a broadcast that the fires burned throughout the night and some still were unchecked at dawn.
The huge bombers from this and two other Marianas bases, on Saipan and Tinian, reached the sleeping Japanese capital just after midnight.
For an hour and a half, they poured incendiary bombs upon the sections of the city selected for destruction.
The force was the largest of the Superfortresses ever put into the air.
The raid was the first large night attack on Japan's homeland. There was a previous light raid.
It was the first announced all-incendiary strike at the Japanese capital.
The weather was clear and the bombardiers could see their targets.
They reported fires rapidly spreading in the target area—10 square miles of small industrial plants and other military targets in the center of the
After hearing the initial reports, Maj. Gen. Curtis Le May said at his 21st Bomber Command headquarters: “I can say with conservatism that this looks good from our point of view and grim from the point of view of the enemy.
“There is a conflagration in Tokyo tonight.”
Tokyo radio admitted ‘‘some fires” were burning and in another broadcast quoted a Japanese imperial headquarters spokesman as consoling the people with a reminder that citizens of London, Berlin and other cities had “courageously fought air raids and survived them.”
The bomb load, unofficially estimated here at 1,300 tons, was the largest ever dropped on Tokyo. It was the 12th attack by B-29s from the Marianas on the Japanese capital. The largest previous attack was by
more than 200 of the big bombers Feb. 25.
Le May remained up all night at his heaquarters to follow the progress of the raid and greet the returning crews. He did not attempt to guess the size of the Tokyo conflagration.
“How big and devastating it will turn out to be must be judged later in the day when our crews have returned and have reported their observations in detail. And the final proof, of course, will be the photographs that will come in after that.”
The target assigned and hit by the massive force was an area of 10 square miles in the center of Tokyo. It contains scores of small industries, factories and other military targets and a population of about 1,000,000.
It is considered the most congested area in the capital. In character it varies from sections comparable to a downtown business section in an American city, with administration buildings and many important business houses, to tightly packed residences.
Fire breaks, cut through the section in anticipation of incendiary raids, apparently failed to stop the spread of the flames.
Nazis Seek Futilely To Knock Out Bridge
Japs Announce Yanks Invade Mindanao Island
ENEMY SAYS KEY IN INDO-CHINA
By The Associated Press Tokyo radio last night announced Japanese forces had seized the key defenses of French Indo-China from “resisting" French elements. This apparently was a further move to tighten the Nipponese grip on southeastern Asia against possible Allied landings.
** Tokyo radio in an unconfirmed report said American troops invaded Mindanao island, second largest in the Phil;p-pines, with landings Thursday at the city of Zamboanga on the spigot-like peninsula off the southwest coast. The broadcast said U. S. warships covered the landing with heavy
m\ gunfire. , ' ~ "
Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s Saturday communique report-j rd a 107-ton aerial bombing of j Zamboanga, but ignored the j invasion reports. ^
♦ Mindanao 1* richly productive oi sugar cane. hemp and lumber. Filipino guerrillas have been exceptionally active on the island, and have i cleared part of it of the enemy, j General MacAvthur said recently.
The MacArthur communique re-
* 'ported that Japan's most heavily
defended position on Luzon, the Slumbu line 14 miles east oi down- : town Manila, has begun to crumble alter the Yanks suffocated several ; thousand of the enemy by sea Imp
maze of caves and
American Marines on lwo .lima held all but the northern end of the Volcanic island, Pacific fleet headquarters said yesterday, after a tortuous advance against Japanese defend-ers who fought to the death with mortars, machincguns and rifle*.
With Adm. Chester W Nimitz in Washington, his headquarters did not issue a Saturday communique. «r i'his probably meant theiv was only .!ght activity on lwo Jima. Nimitz's policy has dictated communiques to cover all important events, whether he was present to personally Men them.
Third Division Leathernecks had
* '’most severed the enemy's line niong the northern cliffs of lwo, with 150;) yards to so to reach Kua 10 point at the extreme northern tip of the island. The Marine 4th division on the rocky east coast and the ath division on the north-
* '|.'st shore also made progress.
Twelve more enemy vessels, including an escort aircraft carrier and a • ..»trover, have been sunk by I’nited States submarines operating in far eastern waters, the Navy announced at
* ^ «Vasliington, bringing the total
of enemy ships sunk by American undersea boats in the war to 1.057.
The Navy also said two U. S. ! motor torpedo boats, FT77 and i %PT79, were sunk in the Philippines! by another American vessel as a j rons» quence of mistaken identity. | Commanders of the two small craft j were saved and casualties were light. Iaiss of the PH' boats raised to 272 the number of U, S. naval ''^>vsels lost from all causes in the wtV .
Rntish and Indian troops fought hand to hand with Japanese in the hcrr of Mandalay, Burma city when .^35.000 people lived before the Nipponese sezied it early in the
Davis and Taylor Take Over Duties * %
WASHINGTON, March 9 . op,—A couple ol guys who have been trying to quit public office for months wound up today taking on new and bigger lobs.
o William H. Davi s, chairman of the V»\ir L'bo board since it was established three years ago, took the oath as Economic Stabilization director.
The WLB vice chairman, George W. Taj lor, was sworn in as chair-
Bmh sought to resign last fall and were talked out of it by President Roosevelt. Said Taylor:
“For a couple of guys who were trying to go home; we sure made an awiul mess oi it,”
CAPT. KARL Rt'SSELL
Earl Russell, Stamford, Helps Bombard Tokyo
Capt. Earl Aubrey Russell Jr. of Stamford piloted one of the 300-plus Superfortresses which raided Tokyo yesterday and which 'lit up the whole town after the very first load of bombs." according to a release from Guam last night.
"That sounds good," the captain's father declared in Stamford when informed by the Reporter-News of his son's flight, "but did all the planes get back?”
"We were listening to the radio report of the raid and just betting that I'.arl was in on it.
"He led his squadron over Tokyo in the lug raid Sunday a week ago." Mr. Russell said they j had learned in letters received i from Captain Russell, overseas ! about one month.
Captain Rus.miI was quoted in the | Associated Press story as saying lie saw fires 8,i miles away, until the weather cot too thick. He said it was thickening weather offshore rather than distance that finally obscured the flames.
"Tokyo was blacked out when the first planes arrived," said Co! Carl R, Storrie of Denton, who went along as an observer. "We saw nothing until we turned the fire louse Then the very first load lit up the whole town.
"We !ut the target on the nose.
"It looked as if it was getting pretty hot down there. There was a good hit of smoke, rising as high as 10,000 feet, from the first few l.omh loads,
"I lak was rather light.
"We saw two or three square miles all aflame before we left.
"We saw night fighters taking off, hut the first few planes over the target were not bothered,” Lt. C. B Phelps of Chicago was bombardier of the B-29 in which Storrie flew.
"Hellish flies were spread across tlie whole town, * Saul Lt, James O. Warren, Dunn, N. C.
Warren was precision instrument .specialist in the first plane over the target aim the tirst B-29 to return to Guam from thus greatest Marian-as-based raid.
Fifty-one head of Herefords sold for an average of $313 in the annual spring sale of the West Texas Hereford association here vesterdav, with a top of $1,500.
The top price was paid by Dr. G. T. Hall of Big Spring for a five-year-cow, Dollie 22d, with heifer calf at foot, consigned by J. F. Ross Son of Goodlett, regular consignors of top-selling cattle in the local sale.
li.c second top price also was paid for an animal from the Ross & Son consignment. Dr. H. W. McIntyre of Sweetwater paid $710 for Dollie Mischief 10th, a five-year-old half-sister to the top priced female. Twenty-five females sold for an average of S359. Bert Fineg of Abilene was the heaviest buyer of females, taking five head for Sl.JjO. He bought a total of seven cattle in the sale for $2,-025.
N. W. Lacy of Millersview paid the day’s top price of $585 in the , bull division. That was what he paid for Publican Domino 235th. consign- : ed by Hardy Grissom of Abilene. j Mrs. T. E. Arledce of Rascoe paid j the second price of $450 for Rupert , Tone 117th, consigned by Lee Smith ; of Knox City. George Glass of Mid- ; land paid $360 for another bu!! from ' the Smith consignment, Victory Tone 10th. (
R- P. Kemp of Sylvester paid $360 , for a real promising calf, Gwen Mischief 107th, consigned by the Tur- j ner Hereford farm. Slyvester. W. W\ j Lav of Coahoma gave $375 for Boo j 64th, offered by Walter L. Boothe ; of Sweetwater. j
Fineg paid $325 for Publican Domino 204th. offered bv Grissom. ! Lay and C. A. Walker of Big Spring j paid $300 for Anxiety Domino 7th. 1 offered by J. H. Braswell of Stam- | ford. Fred Hodges of Sterling City j gave $295 for Rupert Tone 107th. offered by the Arledge ranch, Sey- ! mour. j
The 26 bulls sold for an aver- j age of $268. j
Quality considered, animals in j the auction sold for what was gen- j erally considered bargain prices. | There was a large crowd of stockmen, many out-of-town points, on hand and there were numerous buyers as shown by the sales re-
See AITTION. Page 3. Col. 5
NEW YORK, March 9.—Some German troops are ferrying Rhine to the west bank to surrender. Blue Network Correspondent George Hicks said today in a broadcast from Remagen, site of the American-held bridge.
PARIS, March 9- (AP) -The U.S. First Army drove probably more than five miles east of the Rhine today after smashing the first tank-led counter-attack at its Remagen bridgehead, and to the south trapped an estimated 50,000 Germans by linking up with the Third Army.
Men, guns, tanks and supplies poured into the expanding bridgehead 28 miles south of Cologne across the great Luden-dorff bridge, officially disclosed io have been taken intact.
German planes in ones, twos and threes tried repeatedly to knock out the bridge during the day, but were shot down or driven off by alert anti-aircraft gunners guarding what for the moment is the key to the whole battle against Germany on the west.
Supreme headquarters blacked out the scope of the advance, but it was possible that a breakout on the road to Berlin might be disclosed at any hour.
- (A Blue Network correspondent broadcast from the front that the bridgehead had been doubled in size and width since yesterday and that “a number of towns and villages'’ had been captured).
Bonn, Rhineland citv of 101,000 fell to the First Armv north of the middle Rhine bridgehead, and the Third Army to the south battled within four miles of the traffic center of Coblenz after sweeping the enemy from Coblenz plain west of the Rhine.
Bad Gode.sburg. thp resort town
RHINE RIVER BRIDGE AT REMAGEN, GERMANY—This is a pre-war view of a rail road bridge across the Rhine river at Remagen, Germany. Broadcasts by the Luxembourg and Brussels radios said that troops of the U.S. First Army crossed the Rhine at Remagen. (AP Wirephoto).
ANOTHER $4,494 ADDED TO RED CROSS TREASURY
Munday Soldier Killed on Luzon
MONDAY. March 9—iAE> Mr. and Mrs. W T. Cook of Gilliland have received official word tint their ?on, Pfc. Arthur H. Cook, was killed in action on Luzon on Jan :u.
Private Cook, 20, was tlr only s> n of Mr. and Mrs Cook. He was serving with the 2Mh division, 27th infantry and had been overseas for some time.
Otfieial word came to the parents on February 25, almost a month after their son's death.
58 Divisions Gone
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. March 9.—i.-Vi—Allied armies have eliminated 58 German divisions, destroyed more than 4,000 enemy tanks and captured more than 1.* 000,000 prisoners since they stormed the Normandy beaches last Jum o.
Assaying the results ot fight inn from D-Day to February 23, Allied headquarters said today that of the destroyed divisions four consisted of parachute troops completely written off.
Contributions totaling $4.434 70 poured into the Taylor county Red Cross War fund yesterday pushing the over-all amount to $24.671 67. Roscoe Blankenship, general chairman, announced Iasi nigh*
This total, donated during the first four days of the drive, is well over one-third of the $60.000 goal
Yesterday's 100 per cent list included cotton dealers and buyers Presley jewelry store, Crump cleaners, American cleaners. Jones boulevard cleaners, Waldrop furniture co Abilene high school, Fair Pair, school. Quality body works. Members Abilene Typographical union. Farmers gin co., Swift and co. C:ty Water rqpair department, City Electric department.
Nolan Drive Near Campaign Objective
SWEETWATER. March 9 - Sp’. —Contributions were reported "coining in fine" as Nolan county's 194 -Red Cross War Fund drive neared the end of its first week.
Workers were still busy in Sweetwater making contacts for individual contributions. The individual canvass of the town gc underway Tuesday following a kick-off breakfast at the Blue Rou-nett hotel. Jack Choate is chairman for the drive in Sweet\va--r proper.
Larget contributions in Sweetwater were taken care of before mam drive began The Big G:i’• committee, the Fifty-Dollar and Twenty'-Five-Dollar clubs wound up their work last week.
Ed Neinast, county drive chan-
I’. S. DU’ ARTMI NT OK COMMI! Ill i WIWTIII R HI HI A1
ABIIINI AMI V III M1 V V.n,
I r 1 o ml \ Saturday and Sunil at. Vi>( mm ! changr in (r in p* ra t u rr ! I \S r I K \ A S — I •.»i 11 > floudv noil «ioudv south, sea 11<* r <• tl lighl r*m in f ! Irfmf smith portion Saturday. Simd.i j (110*11 \ rlnuilv, not much ihinii- i ! t r imif ra t u rtv
| WIST TKXAS— Partlv rlnudv S.ilu jda\ and Sundav, Not much r h * n | * i If inpei aturn
TK.Mri RATI RKS
li • 41 -41 -41 -41 -40 . 4» -4? -4!» -
li i eli
Ih il r s.
41 4 ■
38 . ;<!•
S3 . 50
in.: 71 and High and and 44.
tempri- j t il rr * to !>ainr datr la»!
Sinnet UM night 7,4'J Sunrnf thi> morning, Kunarl tonl|hl. 7:13,
man, reported Thursday at least \ 10 areas of the county have already | gone "over the top" in their drives. ;
The first to reach us quota was' White Flat, where W. \V. McEl- ; murray is chairman
Other areas over the top. and their chairmen are: Roscoe. the Rev. G. A. Elrod: Blackland, Henry Rayburn; Wastella, Wendell Cleckler: ; Brownlee, Albert Rannefeld: South: Roscoe, Mrs. G. G Price: Cottonwood and Aria, A. H. Hutchins; Pluum Creek and Stamper, Irl Favcr.
Coleman Reaches Its $8,000 Quota
COLEMAN, March 9.— -Spl.i — City of Coleman has reached its quota of $8,000 in its drive to obtain Red Cross war fund contributions, but the county's quota of $15.400 has not been reached, according to Mrs. J. K. Taylor, Coleman county Red Cross chapter chairman.
Total collections thus far amount to $13,523.13 m the county, Mrs. Taylor declared.
There are 20 other communities m the county that have reached; their quotas. They are Anderson, Contenniel. Coleman Rural, Cotton. Elliott, Pick, Gouldbusk. Goldsboro, Hardin, Hill, Independence. Indian Creek, Leeriy. Liberty. L;\e Oak. Red Bank, Rockwood, Turner Ranch. Valera atid Voss.
Shackelford Donates Over $3,000 in Week
ALBANY, March 0 Sp!>--Mill L Rose, Red Cross War Fund chairman for Shackelford county, stated yesterday her committee had received more than $3,(X)0.00 in the drive that started a week ago and w.i! rontinue through March.
Moran reported better than $300 >■! that community'.v quota raised.
Mss, Rose announced no report had been turned m bv the comrmt-■rc canvassing tiie residential section of Albany.
Interesting; and important stories in this edition include: I’age 2 — Nazis intended to blow up bridge in 10 minutes.
l’age z — Yalta conference aiirt't'inrlii popul.ii.
I*age 10 — FDK moves for peace with i)e Gaulle.
l’age 10—WTC’C' asks for West Texan on highway commission.
Page 10 — Legislature adjorns for weekend.
Court-Martial Of 6 Barkeley Men Disclosed
WASHINGTON March 9—— The War department reported today that six Seventh Day Adventi.Ms at Camp Barkeley. I • had been court martialed for re:using to obey an officer's command It made its rep- r' to .Sen Bribes iD-Moi who had asked an inquiry into complaints that Charles O. Eastham. Poplar Bluff. Mo. had been sentenced t.: mx months at hard labor for retu.-utc 'o drill on his sabbath.
An mvestiuation was '.aid by the department to lur.e shown:
Eight Advent i> tend Ruard ir.' i 6:15 p. ir. on :
1944. because .<:■
Sabbath and tn>-v such dtitv pri- r t that date was a'
The command:: ed to the me:; u A ran's policy «a ever'.' op port uni’v day as their S extent that mt were Riven an ship
Those who < !
Sabbath do :-o off duty bu’ h. dutv and kitchen police.
The Advent :'ts were told that a!-
!' iu.'fd to at-;n’ scheduled ior • urday Dec. 23, ituruay was their to:;!« r.o’ perform o .-unset, which on k 4 1 p. m
cenerai explain-; Dec 27 tiiat the ì Rive the men obsene Satur-nliatlì to the same : bserv’.nK Sunday rportunity to wor-
•u-ve Sunday as the c(" a full 24 hour e to perform guard
Soviets Pour More Troops Into Big Push
LONDON, Saturday, March 10.— (AP)—The Germans said j last night that the Russians had captured part of the Oder fortress town of Kuestrin. 38 miles east of Berlin, and were pouring reinforcements by day and night across the river on both sides of that stronghold in a flaming prelude to :he battle for the Nazi capital.
Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's First White Russian army troops were reported in enemy broadcasts to be extending . their west bank Oder bridgeheads and trying to link them up “to create a jumping board , for further operations against Berlin."
While the Soviet high command ignored for the tiiird day these Nazi reports of heavy battles on the Berlin front, the regular Soviet communique announced that Red army forces had rolled within five miles of the docks of Stettin, Pomeranian capital and Berlin's main port, and were only nine miles from Danzig city.
The Pomeranian strongholds of Stolp, Chlawe, Ruegenwalde, and Stolpmuende, all fell to the Russians yesterday, along with 200 other localities as Marshal K. K, Rok-ossovsky's Second White Ru.-sian troops gained up to 17 link'' and hurled the Germans into a shrinking 2.57-square-mile trap along the Baltic coast.
These rapid Soviet strokes in the north and northeast, in which Moscow said that a total of 16,500 Germans had been killed or captured in two riavs, were preliminary steps in the approaching show-down battle for Berlin.
But the Germans said that Zhukov's ccntrai forces had iouc’r their way into the heart o; Kuc-’rui and were engaged in lieire struggles on a 21-mile* iron’ :rom K:< n:t/., west bank village 10 nu;e> northwrst of Kuestrin, down ’o the area west th oi KUcs-
LONDON. March 9.—,P—The German radio announced tonight that Lt. Gen. Rolf Diet-rich Ritter von Xylander, chief of staff of an army ?roup on the eastern front, had been killed in action on the same day he received the Knights Cross.
three miles south of Bonn where Hitler and Prime Minister Chamberlain held their .second meeting in 1938 to arrange “peace m our time”, was captured by the First Army's :un;h infantry division and dough-lx>"5 cleared the west bank of the Rhine a.s far south as Rrniagen.
1 he only bridge at Bonn wai blown today by the Germans after they had shot up some of their own tanks with artillery in a determined effort to prevent an American crossing.
On one of tiie bl.ukes’ ri:vs for Germany since Hitler plunged Eu-iope into the second World War wituin a generation, A1I:<> handed the enemy more bad news by dlMuosmg that the U S. lath army now was on the western front at an
MOSCOW, March 9.— -V — The great hope expressed here tonic;lit was that now that the Americans are across the Rhine, they will move on Berlin and take up the battle there alongside the Russian.
though no otii'i everv Sunday o lari y han been hour period fro to sundown. Si' they were riet a and had to a”i Only two ,! were w ;!hng to ; o! guard mour:’ were court mar While on pat: tists w ere n on their S.
Eastham monti:' at hi- mor.'!’.:, six mon:h"
len'U- could have Advent;s's regu-weri the full 24 ■-undown Friday i.e.' execp. when : 'o guard duty guard mount. c:eht >asd they nd 'he ceremony ::d tiie other six
of Lebus, 11 miles trin.
Adolf Hitler was ited the Oder fn ago on a morale-: parently m the 1 out assault towa minen’, if not ai
d ro have us-se\e ral day: - raising tour, an-•-hef that the all-,i Berlin was im-eadv begun.
the Adven-’ carry arms
:ced to six and $33 of 'orteited for
New Record Set
DALLAS Maul: 9 P — A new world s record tor drilling m search oi o:l was -e' : -dav bv Phillips Pe-tsvl'uim Company No, 3 Fanny Sohoeps, Brazoria county test one mile west of Mdlican. which drilled below 16.251 feet
Far to the northeast five or six Sovie* armies were closing swiltly on surrounded Dan/i.:, haung pierced the uter rietemes of that Punier free citv Albeit Forster. Na/t gauhuter again called on ciulians and sold.ers to fight to the death,
None . f these enemy reports was confirmee bv M - • '-v. but Premier Stahn an: urcoi m an order of the day the :.d: id Soup.
British Using New Rocket Projector
LONlX>N March 9......r A new-
type ground rocket pro;ector described as "one oi th*1 wars nruu devastating weapons now is being used m barrage work as medum
Under It Gen Leonard T. Ge-row. a corps commander on D-Day, the new ir.th gave Con Eisenhower nine armies fi\e »hem American — ior the showdown ba?tles of Germ a uy
The Germans couii’er-a' no ked Lt. Gen. Court nev H ILx:-.,- First Army bridgehead m force tor the first time 'oriav with •.- uu :.t of nn armored d:\rsion. bu' were hurled back It was cs’un.i’e,! »hat the bridgehead now was lo or more miles w ide.
Obviously, the German hirh rommand was marshalling all available forces to attempt to drive the Americans into the Rhine. Allied heaw bombers carried out two obliteration raids on Kassel, a rail citv HO miles east of the bridgehead, to keep enem.v communications snarled, wa.- eonMciereri hkoiv here ’hat ’ Americans were well over five mu- s bevond the rnrr, for fHd dispatches ! old of the Ametican.s boruig .steadily deeper uuo Germarv whhe mountains of 'Unphes. and -Tong reinforcements w>ue built up to tiie rear More than 48 hours after th? cro.ssmg, supreme headquarers took the wraps oif the storv of the bridgehead ...... oi> of th> mo, • dramatic of the war — and disclos'd ’hat daring American tu'o.v • '..a d the Ludendorfi double-tra k road
See GERMANY. I'g. 3. < "I 4
AUSTIN, Man'll 9 .1'— Abilene with 4H convictions led other enforcement districts of the liquor control board in a February statistical report released today.
artillery by Brit; troops on the we, disclosed today.
The barrage groups o; the t each group con.-witli 32 barrels eac rels give a conce
and Canadian ront. u was
is laid down by
'Cke*. p ivo*» (.‘tOt's—
-um« ot 12 guns ¡. These 384 bar-
.v.„ „,,v .......v... trat ed firepower
compara ole with that of more Uian 280 5.5-inch guns of the orthodox type.
MARCH BOND SAI ÌKS
S275,200.00 . 121,372.50 . 18,718.00
Overall Quota Overall Sales Series E Sale.*»
SALVAGE COI Paper Pick up Can Collection Used Fats .....
. .. Apri! 13 ....... Daily