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Abilene Morning Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 5, 1945, Abilene, Texas w=æ Œbe Abilene Reporter -iBtrtité MORNING ,J_ VOL. LXIV, NO. 254 “WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES." - Bvron A TEXAS NEWSPAPfll ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 5, 1945-EIGHT PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (UP) PRICE FIVE CENTS Reds All to Rh ine on Breakthrough Front . Key Cities East •Of River Struck BY EDWARD KENNEDY I PARIS, Monday, March 5-(AP)-The U. S. First army was closing on Cologne from less than two miles away today and other Allied armies were grinding up remaining German • opposition along a 75-mile front of the Rhine river, which the Nazis said the Americans already had tried to cross with strong tank and infantry forces. $ Heavy, pointblank American artillery fire was being hurled in* constant streams across to the east bank of the river, and the Germans broadcast that the U. S. Ninth Army already had attempted to send tanks across Düsseldorfs “south bridge” and in the area of Krefeld but had been re* t pulsed. There was nothing to confirm at supreme headquarters here the German assertions, but Gen. Eisenhower has announced his intention to miss no opportunity to get across the great river, and the Allied command certainly will do its, Tokyo in Superforts, In Force, Hit Tokyo Again Bv VERN HAUGLAND TWENTY-FIRST BOMBER COMMAND HEADQUARTERS, Guam, March 4—Superfortresses flying .in force bombed Tokyo heavily today and all returned safely except one which was forced to ditch en route home. The crew was picked up. Another sky giant returned after landing on embattled Iwo Jima to repair its gasoline lines. Extreme c«>ld over the target caused at le^st one plane to report that one of its engines were “frozen.” This may have accounted for the ditched plane's trouble. The planes (Tokyo radio said there were 150) were guided to the target by precision instruments through snow and overcast described by returning pilots as worse thhn the pea soup encountered on the last previous strike on the enemy capital. The big planes, making their first night takeoff in order to reach the early morning, en-i ALLIED OFFENSIVES ON TWO FRONTS—-Shaded arrows indicate main Allied drives on utmost to take advantage of the enemy’s confusion growing! countered visual bombing weather j the western and eastern fronts (heavy lines) in Europe. Small black arrows indicate other out of the gigantic defeat inflicted upon the Germans west I    ,r^rimtrH0imarpa i drives. In the west Americans fought along the Rhine in the Duesseldorf area. In the east -    when solid clouds j Russians drove through Pomerania to the Baltic coast of Germany. (AP Wirephoto Map). of the Rhine The Duesseldorf bridge which the Germans mentioned is known already to have been blown up. and all others In that tone are impassable, while in the Krefeld area early Sunday the Germans dynamited the SEVELEX. Germany. March 4—(AP)—The V. S. Ninth *rn»y’a Mth divisidn fought to the Rhine today north of Homberg, opposite the great port of Duisbrrg. It was the third Rhine stand for the First and Ninth Armies. The 84th was fighting on the approaches to the railroad bridge near Homberg. The other Rhine stands are at Neuss, opposite Duesseldorf, and Cologne. li ii- Adolf Hitler super-highway bridge at Verdingen. Associated Press Correspondent Hal Boyle reported that American patrols got across the l,4(H)-foot I erdingen bridge and then returned 20 minutes before the enemy touched off thousands of pounds of explosives and blasted the structure into the Rhine. This could be the source of the German reports of an American crossing. The first army sent tanks plunging to the Rhino a tew miles north of Cologne, splitting the defenders. Those south of the armored column were falling back into the city, so choked with rubble that enemy columns had trouble reaching the only bridge still intact across the Rhine. One American force was but a few hundred yards from Cologne’s suberb of Venich. which a mile and a half from the city proper. One American force was but a few hundred yards from Cologne’s suburb of Loevenuh. which is a mile and a half from the city proper. As one division after another drew up to the city's approaches, a dispatch from that front declared that Cologne "is ours when we want it." Hitler’s "peoples’ armv," on whom he had relied for an epic stand comparable to Stalingrad, was surrendering with hardly a shot being fired as infantry crept closer, and tanks and bulldozers crunched through debris-strewn villages near the outskirts. The I'. S. Ninth and Canadian First Army were crushing the mauled remnants of three German armies fleeing across the Rhine. The enemy’s hold on the west bank of the Rhine there had shrunk to an area only ten miles long and six miles wide. The Ninth Army, bat!line nine miles northward in a bid to smash thousands of crack parachute troops, stormed into Duisbergs cross-Rhine suburb of Homberg in an attempt to seize its bridge and break into that great Ruhr basin port. Other forces swung around Homberg. a manufacturing ci?v of .15.000 population, and reached the Rhine in an effort to capture the railroad bridce vast to the north. The Americans held almost unbroken control of 20 miles of the Rhine's west bank along its winding course form Duesseldorf to Homberg. and German broadcasts declared that Duisberg. Duesseldorf and Cologne had become “front line cities” with all three under artillery fire. The Ninth Army’s 84th division has fought a half mile into Homberg and to the south was close to the Rhine directly opposite Duisberg. Antitank guns were wheeled up along the Rhine and were blasting German pillboxes on the east bank, while heavy guns farther back kept up a relentless cannonading. The magnitude of the German collapse and the disorder of tlie retreating troops was sue!) that the next few days were expected to determine whether the enemy can rally on the east bank of the Rhine and prevent an Allied swejp across the river. The Canadians and Americans were driving in rapidlv from the west The Canadians al>o reached the Rhine by capturing Vynrm north of tlie German anchor eitv^of Xanten and were nressing southward along the river only eight miles from the Ruhr crossings at Wesel. Among towns captured on the west was Issum, seven miles from a highway bridge at Rheinber™. Rheinberg also was imperiled by Americans fighting only five miles away on the south. Rheinberg’s bridge was one of six still standing in the area where the Germans were being pinned against the river. The others are one battered highway bridge at Wesel, one railway bridge decked for highway traffic at Homberg, which the Americans now are trying to capture, and one railway, one highway and one temporary bridge at Duisberg. The Germans were getting no rest nnvwhere along the western front. While iaying siege t<* Coloune. the First Army also was striking for Bonn, forging across the Erft river at two points 10 and !I miles west of that communications citv hing If» miles southeast of Cologne on the Rhine The I'. S. Third Armv to the south drove across the KvII river, last big water hurdle before the Rhine, and established a bridgehead at Ilosten, 45 miles from the Rhineland citv of Coblenz, where Americans of another generation stood watch on the Rhine in World War I. Other Third Army troops battering northeast of Pruem were 40 miles from the Rhine. The U S. Seventh Arm' seized ground two to three miles' south of Sanrbrueoken and was raining shells on that capital of the Saar basin of the city-closed in. Some pilots reported they could see snowcapped Mount Fuji and the eaast of Honshu »* they roared inland, but almost immediately heavy layers of clouds forced the pilots to resort to instruments. If they had been over the target 15 minutes sooner, one pilot said, they could have bombed visually. The Superforts battled ice and sleet through sub.’ero temperature but there was no lighter opposition and little antiaircraft fire. Religious Emphasis Week Opens at HSU Religious Emphasis week at Har-dm-Simmons opened yesterday with a plea from the Rev. Vernon Year* by, speaker of the week, for greater fellowship with God through establishment of a kinship with Him The Reverend Yearby. 1938 graduate of Hardin-Snnmons and pastor of the First Baptist church of Midland, cited illustrations from the Bible in contending that redemption is passible only when there is kinship and when the redeemer has the cast of redemption. He declared the only way to salvation is through establishment of kinship to Christ m surrendering to His will and in permitting Christ to redeem because of his death on the ero>s. The opening sermon of the week was preached at the Fi.'st Baptist church, where Reverend Yearby surrendered to preach in 1933 Last night the sermon was deliv< § d at the evening service of the Lniver-sitv Baptist church.    i Services will be at 9:40 a. nv and | 7:30 p. m . Monday through Friday, ; with the public invited to all serv- ' ices.    | Italians Help 8th In Battle of Italy By NOI.ASD NORGAARI) ROME, March 4---V- — Italian troops attached to the British Eighth armv have driven the enemy from the entire coastal area south of the Fo Di Prunaro river and have taken nearly 200 prisoners, Allied headquarters announced today. Official reports did not specify whether the prisoners captured were Germans or members of Italian Fascist divisions which have been bolstering Na.d delenses in Italy, Near Casagha, lt> miles south-soutInvest of Bologna, II S. Filth army units drove otf party attempting to mliltrate their lines and then moscd forward several hundred yards Additional hilltops were seized bv Fifth army troops in the rough country north of Monte D'FHa Tor-raccia and Monte Cast el lo, both of | which were captured in recent at-ontro] of a five-mile stretch of high ! tacks by the V S 10th Mountain Japs Cut Iwo Progress FILIPINO GUERRILLAS HIT Advances by ENEMY'S REAR ON LUZON Yanks Local By JAMES HUTCHESON    Norte province. Gen. Douglas Mac- U. S PACIFIC FLEET HEAD- M A NILA, Monday, March 5.—.?>'Arthur announced today.    QUARTERS. Guam. M o n d a >. •—While three Yank divisions push- The campaign to clean the Jap- March 5—r -—St if toned Japanese ed steadily against Japanese troops at.ese off Luzon, principal island of resistance held American gams to in mountainous northern Luzon, ihe Philippines, also was imple- ' local advances of ;>o to 100 yards or. Filipino guerrillas have struck a! mented by the America 1 division's iwo Jima yesterdav bu: several heavy blow in the enemy's rear, seizure Saturday of Ticao and Bur- hundred more e tie my t roops were \ clearing the Nipponese from I locos las islands in the Sibuyan sea. killed in a fanatical counterattack j ---------------------------— The occupation of Ticao and Bur- ; Adm. Chester \\\ Nimit*. an- i -    ! ias will resul 301 Animals Enter Westex Stock Show m the evacuation or | destruction of the Nipponese on j r.earby Bicol peninsula of Luzon is-I land, Mac Arthur said . ' Possession of Bicol peninsula would give the Americans the key port of Legaspi. on the east side, aiid additional air bases. In Manila units of the 37th division cleaned out the last of Japanese resistance in the downtown, c..strict with capture of the finance building, one of the structures where the Nipponese made suicide stands after the fall of the old died citv to the Yanks. O’Brien Man Escapes In Ship’s Sinking Total of 301 animals from right counties are entered in the annual West Texas Boys Livestock show which opens here today at the West Texas Fair grounds Expected to be except tonally strong are the calf and sheep shows with 98 head of beef and If»7 head of fat lambs entered. . a sale will be held in connection ' 0f -he USS Extractor,’’naval with the show for the first time m r.lv >ff. i n d at TREASURE March 4 I S L A N D, -Sixty-live a number of years. Heretofore, champions have been auctioned Tins year, the sale was revived, the prize animals will be offere auction. Prize monev, tofahnc S 1.500 being provided by the Ah. chamber of commerce, sponsor the event. is The Weather Allied Prisoners Freed in Germany NEW YORK, March 4 -(-Vi—Three thousand Allied prisoners of war, including a number of Americans, were freed when Krefeld, Germany, was captured, the NBC said tonight, ^ quoting a BBC report. Two Fire Alarms Two calls, one a false alarm, were aii.vweiod last night by the local fire department. At 7:07 o'clock firemen extinguished a grease lire in the kitchen of the Hickory Grill, 1080 North 2nd. and at 7:47 p. m. n false alarm to South 8th and Poplar was answered. division and Brazilian troop.' I S. DEPARTMENT OK ( OMMUÌl l WKATHKB m IU AI MSII.KM; ANI) VICINI T\ Mondi umili and «arm»r. m fpl mudi roìdf lunday night. Tuf*d»y ilnuti» in ni (Ir r. I IST TliXAS: Cloudv. «.hourrv in cj’ GermaU , | hOuii: »irnifr in norlhra*!; i nlilrr > !■’ Hfiiif nnrlhwrtl Mondi«; litui h i olt r1 in norcti and «(si i-rnlril MiiiuUv mshl with rain or »Ieri in r\ ifmc north. Tursda' rimiri« uich tu ii r.t*.t and MHlth purOmi- rnld'r in ir tfiior I rr vii lo strimi »indv I n r l'I .V.AS: l’artlx i lmidv r\< r ilotidv uiitv lishi »li«« ami i nlilf r Ci rimiri!«1 and Snulh l'Utns Monda' , Ynnria> night*; intuii i nldtr M«n nishl. Turtdiv rloud', rain and rol pmciii in P»nhandie anri South I’U Mtong \»ind». Ti.MPrnA rt hi :s Calif., ors rescue and salvage ship which w.-.s torpedoed and sunk mistaken:.', by an American .submarine m the Pacific, have arrived here for re-’'Ut fitting pending the start of 30-day survivor leaves, 12th naval district headquarters announced today. :’r Survivors said the torpedo struck °f the forward hold of the converted cargo ship just as day was breaking 'Jm\. 24. The vessel was onroute to | the Philippines, they said. ; Officials reports listed s!\ men as I missing. Survivors were pieced up and taken aboard the Mibmarme which surfaced and scoured the area after learning the Extractor was an American ship. Richard W. Flippen. Motor Machinist Mate Second Class, Houston, Tex l.r^ter A. Heeklry, Fleet rie-ian’s Mate Second I Box 164. O'Brien, Tex. Ted H Eaton. Boat    s Mate Second Class, Houston, Ti x nounrins “small local advances" in his communique today, reported that 12,8ti4 Japanese dead had b<>on counted up to G P- ni. Saturday—13 days of the fiercest fight of the Pacific war. This toll was 8.0K0 higher than his count up to ti p. m. last Monday, thr eighth day of the battle. The Japanese cc; thrown again.'? M;< • Roekey's Fifth d;'. northwest end of line across the uppr: This was •'repul.-ee of several hundred r munique said, add:: to-hand fiphung w. on rough ground "n to defensive opera?». Mu;. Gen Clift Four til Ma nr.es, on overcame a strong <• l'Mck was Keller E. ; rn 'he •>ked ha''le d of Ivvn, :: 'he loss •he coin- ;:.i' hand-ess suited pro R, Cates' t flank, resist-rd over (\ kv ground. Nimit/ made no mention of the progress of Mai. Gen. Graves B. Erskine*. Ihird division. holding down the center of the American line and shoving tlie Japanese toward cliff* fringing the little island s north and northeast shoreline. In rear areas the Marine« continued sealing raves in which some fanatical defenders were taking refuge and from which they refused to emerge. Nevertheless an increasing number were surrendering, and the prisoner list now numbers 45 Koreans and 36 Japanese Reached, 200,000 Caught BY ROMNEY WHEELER LONDON, Monday, March 5- (AP) -The Red army in a sensational new 62-mile breakthrough reached the Baltic coast near Kolberg yesterday, slicing eastern Pomerania into three vulnerable segments and trapping perhaps 200,000 German troops in one of the war's greatest double encirclement operations. Attacking simultaneously on an arc south and cast of [Stettin, Berlin’s main port, other Soviet forces drove to j within 14 miles of Stettin, to within two miles of its eastern bastion of Stargard, and also smashed up to the lower Oder river on a 10-mile front on both sides of the crossing town of Schwodt. The lower wing of this drive reached to within 35 miles northeast of Berlin. As these armored formations virtually destroyed Germany's Pomeranian flank front, other units far to the east drove to within 30 miles south of the former free city of Danzig, while in East Prussia the remnants of 20 Nazi divisions were hurled into a 275-square-mile Balt ic pocket southwest of Koenigsberg and were being wiped out in hand-to-hand fighting and by powerful broadsides from Soviet ar* tillery. Overwhelming 600 localities, including: 10 major German strongholds. Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov’s first White Russian army in a four-dav advance reached the Pomeranian coast in the area of Kolberg, 55 miles east of the heavUy-iortiiied German port of Swinemuende, while Marshal K. K. Rokossovsky's Sccond White Russian rrmy als«< reached the coast and capturcd Koejdin, 24 ro.les east of Kolberg') Premier-Marshal Stalin announced these triumphs in two orders of ; the day as Moscow's victory cannon touched off another celebration last night in the Soviet capital. The twin thrusts to the Baltic coast ripped through staggering German lines and doomed the chance of a Nazi flanking attack against the central forces of the Berlin-bound Red army. Locking and double-bolting the door to an 8,280-square-miie area to the east, including Danzig territory, the Russians had isolated the elements of 20 or more Nazi divisions in a sector larger than the state of Connecticut. Moscow dispatches said the bag of German troops was expected to be as large as in East Prussia. A total i>! mere than 700 towns and villages were swept up by the two Russian armies in their latest Pomeranian advances, Moscow's communique said The Germans previo;,>ly had reported Rokossovsky's break-through to the Baltic .it Ko.-slm. but the powertur surge of Zhukov's army, which raced to the sea west vt the other So\iet force, had been masked even by Berlin, suggest ms an almost complete break-down in Na.u communications. Lancing 62 miles north from Reetz, 41 miles southeast of Stettin, the big port at the mouth of the Oder river. Zhukov’s crack army overran four great military superhighways connecting western and eastern Pomerania and also cut the Stettin-Danzig and Swinemuende-Danziff trunk railways feeding German garrisons based around Stolp, in eastern Pomerania; Gdynia, naval base in the Polish "corridor"; and Danzig, another valuable Nazi naval base. The two ^ reat strokes came as both Berlin and Mo scow dispatches said the restless cast« rn front was astir all the way from the Baltic to the approaches ft; Vienna. Austrian capital. Major Red army assaults toward Berlin, Dresden, and Vienna were believed to be imminent, German reports said. In East Prussia another Soviet army was slowly crushing the fanatical remnants of 2o Na/.i dr. ision> lona pinned against the Baltic near Koenutsbers- Remnants of 30 other en. my divisions were isolated in western L.tf.ia fartia-r alonn the Baltic coast. The base of Zr.uko’. drive to the Baltic in the sector adjoining Rokossovsky's break;hr- u»:h was a 4n-nn!e sector extending from Reel/ northeastward to Tempelburu. The latt*'r i> 22 miles sou*nwest ot Neustettin, which was raptured las; Wednesday by Rokossovsky's men. In their great suree northward Zhukov’s troops toppled the great strongholds of Dramhurg. Labes. Regenwalde, I reienwalde, Wanger-in. Schivelbrin, Koerlin. Falkenburg. and Tempelburg. Caught between the two Russian armies were thousands of German shock troops and members of the Volkssturm, home army recruits, which Mdmoii dispatches said were easy victims since they included youngsters of 14 to old men of 8i>. Streaming across the flat lands of Pomerania, source of much of German.' s dwindling food supply, the Russians overran a great maze of broad military highways and railways which will aid them in the strikes deeper into central Germany. coming Beil:: ward l:.-! 78 ni.lt > for a nr-: In tr Zhuk. \ defence b T'ac:; direct : a.: miles a'A: the ls'.an-. dom. on the s a’ sa US K <-e >ps nan !.inr.ee; Dan W it ! 1 :>'v n A' Ha^en • ne same ! h S\>, me’! l..nd bav 1 23 miles east->ki of Sehlawe, whose Na/i garrison was digging in ' sauglit m a double trap. R ret/-Falkenburg-Tempelburg line miles northeast of Stargard, outer apt tire of Freienvalde :t seized Regomvahie, connected by .en .'ii the road to Swinemuende, 47 -s the Dieven«nv rner to Wollin, on land and the adjoining one of Useed. torm the top of Stettiner Haff, irci to Stettin. r.,i Charles W. Bryan Of Nebraska Dies LINCOLN. Former Gum Neb. March 4. harlox W Hrv: Democratic party m 1!)24, died his home here early today. He 1 been ill for several months. Bryan was a brother ol William .Jennings Bryan ‘the Great Commoner'' and was three tunes gover- ! Si1 n S4l. HOIR Sun s 41 I 1 M - .Ml , . , ! ....... I’M it % • 1'. :,o • M j 1 1 - ! Ml •11 ii *.{ • t i ! *•> ......* ......... 11 - "K i - 48 . . . ...... ,v......... '!) ■ ' S 1 -.1 - 4M ....... <i......... IM - * 1 - 4 ; T , 1 .*> 1 t: ..... K ....... iu: . i an, 1 ! « .... (.1 » he j - «fi . Ill 1 at 1 (III • I -, 1 II lad III th .t»d 1 low irmpf r*tm r » i n ') )■ m i ml 4K, Mich »nd low same d»lr U»l t.d s ii ii »e t list night siinrur this, morning H.01, !>un»rl tonight 140. Germany Hit 20th Day by RAF, AAF LONDON, March 4..... V American and British heavy bombers, guarded by hundreds of fighter planes, delivered a double punch at transportation facilities and a variety of targets throughout southwest Germany. It was the 2uih coiv.-ccu::ve day o! attacks on Germany, At the same tune lull air force Fortresses and Liberators from Italy attacked Nazi rail lines 111 Austria and Hungary serving Ger- Naval guns co\ereu aii’i ances. American hospital : tinned to u>e the bomber field although der enemy artillery fm dav Cartier planes bon •Jima in the Bonin :.-l.« ntelv north of Iwo v. lighters and mednu swept Ponape m the w lines and N.nv sr.irrh ; ed encmv targets in t islands e ground :es concili Iwo u i.S UIÌ- • :mg the *. Chichi nnmedi-' Marine bombers m Caro-es bomb-Marshall Chrysler Strike To Be Terminated DKFROIT. M. Ch: ’ ion. L.ano '.'•'ted dav ' priHh. mot e then ,K1 ; 1 >0 'A Ol* K Negro Councilmen Ask Representation CHICAGO. March 4—,P'—A resolution urging President Roosevelt ■o place a negro among representa-■ ;\es ot the United States to the nieitiae of Allied Nations in Sail Fr.t.ncisco was adopted today by 1 't’d nemors at a meeting sponsored by the National Nemo council, h’dgar G. Brown, director, announced. Speech Broadcast Training Plane Hunted in Idaho Millionth German Prisoner About Due | SAN FRANCISCO. M The NBC' t.ni tv bio.uic I inot tier, ¡long»as Ma I dress at For' Curie. I Bay, Friday, when : SUPREME HKAI QUARTERS flag w as rd hr ” ALLIED EXPK1 >i UONARY * .-¿ncr the FORCF. Paris. March 4 o'P> -The ' Ma\ (i. 194-’. 1.000,000th German pri-oner to be; Wh. n th.e St a:- d taken on the western iiont may fair holstetl to 'he ti •rd- m'o Allied hands sometime within ; Arth.ur saui 1< man troops on the Hungarian front.'the next, few hours.    ! puli tnem dowr. MOUNTAIN HOME, Idaho. March A; tn:;r's ad- , 4—Army crews continued with-;,ior. Manila J out success today a widespread < American | search tor a Mountain Home air ;e tirst tune I base bomber which is overdue from .ilrd it down ; a combat training ilight. ! Ba*f public i'i la)ons ojjjrers said S'ripes were an air search is spreading ovi-r a ,e st a if Mac- . 200-nule area around the field, but enemy ever 1 that no trace of the plane has been found. ;