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Times Recorder, The (Newspaper) - November 12, 1948, Zanesville, Ohio The Times Recorder Charter Member OHIO FRIDAY NOVEMBER WARM FIVE CENTS f I I I TOJO HELD GUILTY IN DEATHS Bloody Struggle For Nanking May Decide Destiny Of China Court Verdict President's New House More Than Million Men In Battle Communists Hurl Huge Armies At Nationalists NANKING Nov 11 ff than men were committed to battle day on Nanking's Suchow defense lines in fighting on a scale unprecedented in China even during the Japanese invasion a Chinese government military spokesman announced The spokesman Lt Gen Teng furnished no details on the exact locations and progress of the crucial which may determine China's fate He said however that the scene was north oi the Yangtze river and south of the railway a stretch of about 200 miles Last previous reports had placed the oncoming Communists about 100 miles northwest of Nanking in the Pengpu area and within ten miles east of Suchow major base 200 miles northwest of Nanking General Teng said the Reds using more than troops had a slight numerical superiority He said government defenders had outfought the Communists in the opening phases but edged several Nationalist to shorten their lines Scantiness of details on this climactic battle apparently ed from the government tion of censorship on a cation basis While a gigantic battle on approaches to Nanking was a logical development both sides throughout China's three-year civil war have habitually exaggerated numbers involved and enemy tonight with the arrival of tor J Howard McGrath cratic national chairman McGrath flew southward to this southern White House with liam Boyle a special tional committee assistant They joined Senator Alben W Barkley vice president-elect and Leslie L Biffle director of the senate Democratic policy tee for top level discussions with Mr Truman about prospective ad- ministration changes as the after- math of the presidential campaign Guard houses are set up in front of Blair house in Washington where President Truman will reside while the White House just across the street is being repaired The executive mansion has been declared unsafe Blair house is the nation's official diplomatic guest house AP Wirephoto Truman Steps Up No Softening Search For New American casualties The spokesman said Communist generals Chen Yi Chen Keng and Liu already were ing all their available manpower 15 entire armies against the last defenses north of the Yangtze The Yangtze itself remains a formidable barrier more than two miles wide with Nanking near the south bank He said the government was hurrying up reinforcements Some from the railway area 200 to 300 miles south and southwest up already have moved Cabinet Members KEY WEST Fla Nov Truman stepped up his search for cabinet replacements Foreign Policy PHILADELPHIA Nov UN Works Urgently On Berlin Problem May Be Taken Over By Full Assembly PARIS Nov 11 United Nations officials were reported working urgently night on a new effort to break the Berlin deadlock Australia's external affairs ister Dr Herbert V Evatt was said to have offered his help to the four big powers in any effort bo end their dispute over Berlin Evatt is president of the assembly Sources close to Juan lia of Argentina security council president said however that ern power delegates had advised him they believed the case should stay in the security council Any decision by the assembly would be free from a big power veto The assembly however has no power other than aroused world opinion to back up its decisions officials moved for a new try on the Berlin case before sia's announcement yesterday that American and British airlift planes would be forced down if they ed outside their assigned corridors or were found without national identifications The Russian announcement was said however to have speeded ef- forts here to get a settlement Evatt may invoke a Mexican appealing to the United States Russia Britain and France to resolve their differences That resolution was adopted ly by the assembly recently Evidence So Shocking Spectators Leave Room Before Verdict Given Countless Atrocities Listed As Justice Reads Horrible Account Of Japanese Wartime Brutality TOKYO Nov chill swept over the today as the international war crimes tribunal fixed on Hideki Tojo and his 24 comrades the responsibility for an estimated one million atrocity deaths The monumental accumulation of evidence was so shocking that many spectators quietly left the room i midway in the tribunal's ment The president Sir William Hideki Tojo right walks past guard as he leaves courtroom ter hearing international military tribunal charge Japan with re- sponsibility for more than a million deaths through wartime atrocities Judgment of the court was read yesterday and Tojo along with 24 other defendants may learn his fate today AP Wirephoto A source high in the November 2 in favor of the confidence said he is looking for i policy in thunders which should Senator Vandenberg ed Russia tonight not to fool self into the belief that President Truman's election victory means any softening in American foreign policy The Michigan s e n a t p turns over the chairmanship of the senate foreign relations committee in January to Senator Connally the election re- sults as 47 to 1 in favor of the existing bipartisan foreign policy Vandenberg said in a speech be- fore the Reserve Officers tion that the American people had There were no morning meetings ican communities But talks by World Celebrates Armistice Day With Prayers For Peace By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A world living in ah uneasy armistice celebrated Armistice Day yesterday by praying for a permanent peace that two world wars have failed to bring America England France and a few other countries remembered the end of World War I 30 years ago with quiet ceremonies honoring their war heroes Taps and graveside prayers were heard in thousands of I successors to Secretary of Defense Teng said the Communists had j Forrestal and Secretary of the Air suffered casualties around Symington in the defense Suchow three times as many as the government Admits Wrecking Train NORRISTOWN Pa Nov Negro admitted penetrate even the iron curtain The final tally in the free will be about sessions were resumed this afternoon Russia once again charged the United States and Britain had wrecked attempts here to end the Berlin deadlock Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Y shinsky also blamed the United States and Britain for what he called the fiasco of the atomic energy commission He spoke before the political committee That group is ing a Soviet proposal for a one- third reduction of arms by Russia featured speakers were heavy with hints of preparedness as events elsewhere cast ominous The greatest battle in Chinese history raged near Nanking sia threatened new interference with the Berlin airlift Jews and Arabs were at war in the Holy Land and the U S navy checked On reports of a mystery submarine near Pearl Harbor Secretary of Air W Stuart ington sounded the keynote in a speech at Rochester N Y when he said an armistice is only a temporary device and that only by adequate military preparedness can we hope to have a free world Traditional center of the nation's observances was the tomb of the nua of atomic weapons this policy plus This man who would not be this policy 000 plus j quoted by name saui that a re- In an obvious reference to Henry i Til Robert A Wallace's Progressive party 1 18116 the United States Britain France Unknown Soldier at Arlington i and China within a year and undersecretary of state had not been decided upon but that Lovett Vandenberg said the votes j that might be favorable to Tn is expected to step out soon change in were polled by tionai cemetery near Washington Military aides of President man placed the presidential wreath on the white marble tomb at ex- 11 a m the hour guns were silenced 30 years ago Scores of other wreaths lowed and flowers were placed on the thousands of graves Reds Clash With Police As France Observes Holiday PARIS Nov 11 W Several demonstrators and a police captain were injured in an Armistice day clash between Communists and lice at a street barricade in Paris today Shots were fired paving stones hurled and 16 persons ar- rested including two Communist members of the national assembly Communist youths seized the riers meant to hold back Armistice day crowds and erected a barricade across the broad Champs Elysees when police blocked their attempt to parade beyond limits The youths ran up the Red flag Secretary of State Marshall the which h e o graves wants to retire at the close of the and with aww LIVERPOOL England Nov out the cemetery graves of the twin-engined plane with nine dead of both world wars Moscow's blessing and with year The president apparently ed Communist support wants him to slay on the job i Vandenberg who received the UJ amy un juu who received thp t loo review Reserve Offers I tending to wot tne w international picture with for his efforts toward victims District Attorney W Ar- Mr Truman when hP nold Forrest reported today Mr Truman when he returns j Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov j apparently had miscalculated the from Paris plunged into the tidal basin tonight and sank The only known vivor swam ashore Later members of several erans organizations filed to the resting place of Gen John J Pershing leader of American Webb read this part of the sion in his clearest most precise tones The defendants grim Even former Gen Itagaki who has worn a sardonic grin throughout two and a half years of trial was stony-faced The tribunal listed cases in- deaths of persons by brutality and neglect It more than 150 other places where atrocities occurred without giving the number of dead Unofficial estimates based on testimony during the trial placed the total atrocity deaths at one million as a direct result of pan's aggressions from 1931 to 1945 After three years of tion and peace under the tion the whole of Japan suddenly jerked back into the medievalism of wartime brutality as Webb read on calmly and ly in his It was a chapter so dark that many Japanese have apologized repeatedly to Americans for it but none ever has dared try to ex- plain it Only one conclusion is the judgment stated The were either secretly dered or wilfully permitted by the Japanese government or ual members thereof and by the leaders of the armed forces The tribunal found from the beginning to the end the tomary and conventional rules of war designed to prevent manity were flagrantly by the Japanese It found the atrocities coincided with Japanese policy to humble Occidental prisoners or to break their spirits It found the Japanese had cannibalism even when they had plenty of food It found extermination of ship crews and the studied of the military police were parts of a general plan In 1936 pages the tribunal con- the slaughter of hundreds of thousands and the heartaches and fears of millions who fell under Japanese rule Each page covered hundreds of nameless individuals Massacres were so frequent they could be Turn to Page 19 Please sang the Internationale and flung j nf J L I To Greet Lausche First reports said the plane was forces in the first war A wreath the man James M Meanwhile there was no further j impact of last week's on to Speke a laid on his and Johnson of City Md from the resident's foreign Smali town seven rniles the afternoon a guard of V f T nnl will be charged with murder tion The district attorney said that Johnson admitted in a signed ment he tore up a section of rail hoping to get money by searching the pockets of the dead and injured But Forrest added Johnson fled immediately after the wreck be- at blockaded Berlin The dent's aides yesterday threw down reports a prospective Stalin meeting Whether Mr Truman sends a to I Outraged of Liverpool The plane carried seven passengers and a crew of two j John Matthew Connor of las Isle of Man swam ashore j wife Joan was among the j ing honor held memorial services there to Nov n a Berlin Airlift Johnson was brought here from Edgefield S C where he had been picked up for walking along a highway against traffic IT A check of fingerprints showed Ul he was an ex-convict wanted by The plane belonged to the nin Airways of the Isle of Man It was trying to reach Speke airport BERLIN Nov for an emergency landing due rator surmounted by i fog nK a rolled out of an office j All passengers on the plane were j building and started across the street against a red traffic light from the Isle of Man Shortly be- fore the crash the plane sent a v i ui iw iv i When officers rushed to the message saying it was out of fuel scene the downtown crowd was land was going down I startled to hear protests j being seized coming I from the box A charge of j CLEARFIELD Pa Nov traffic safety rules followed searching party this afternoon i It finally was explained that the i located the bodies of two men and j refrigerator was operated by re- Q Jr SlUC wilt the wreckage of a private plane control by its owners and missing since Tuesday near j contained a concealed microphone paving blocks and chunks of iron at the police The Paris gendarmes quickly donned their helmets brandished their pistols and threw a cordon around the area Several thousand police were called out They did not use bullets but some sort of riot shot possibly rock salt ers said After two hours of ing and fighting police the young Communists broke up their own barricade when a party leader told Don't let your Armistice parade end in a bloody fight This is just a provocation by the police The parade was reorganized and I wreaths laid at the Arc de Tri- lomphe But later ss the celebration Iwas breaking up a police car en- the Champs Elysees and the demonstrators broke its windows fjv police occupants fired several one man was American airlift today and stalled i off a possible showdown on a viet threat to force down planes straying from the air Hanged Pennsylvania police in connection j with the wreck of a Reading Co i passenger train at historic Valley The Weather ten miles north of here land speaker nmn cloudiness The were C Buzz Sponsors of the stunt said the car dealer and Clair E thing cost to construct followed bv occasional light rain both did not explain how it came at night and on Cooler f- The wreckage was sighted to be in the street after noon by one of a half COLUMBUS 0 Nov Frank J Lausche will greet an old friend when he re- turns to the governor's mansion on E Broad St next January after a two-year absence Butler County a ful Llewellyn setter to whom state administration changes thus far have made little difference will in his garage home after Gov and Mrs Thomas J Herbert depart The dog was a gift to Gov from Judge Robert M Sohngen but in January 1947 when the governor left the mansion to move into a Cleveland apartment Bob had to be left behind The Herberts a family the chance to keep the setter The will find some come changes in the big brick mansion when they return The major change was the remodeling of two downstairs dens and the guest bathroom made necessary when antiquated plumbing gave Commission Urges Government Make Sweeping Changes Would Overhaul Vital Farts Of Organization WASHINGTON Nov Hoover commission urged a sweeping overhaul of important parts of the executive branch today and predicted it would save a good many billion dollars Headed by former President Herbert Hoover the commission made these salient 1 An end to political ments in selecting the nation's 000 or more postmasters 2 A bigger stronger labor de- 3 Higher salaries for ment officials 4 Unification of the ment's many housekeeping cies into a single administrative staff under the president to handle bookkeeping buying and the like Hoover disclosed the program in making public the first batch of tentative findings of the ber two-party commission on of the executive branch He is chairman of the body He based the estimate of ing billions on operation of the posed new system for say five years The proposed changes will be submitted to the new controlled congress in uary Abolishing politics in the pointment of postmasters as urged by the commission would strip more than political plums from the reigning party's patronage list These postmasters are now pointed by the President subject to senate confirmation The commission also ed a housecleaning of the post office department to cut its deficit by an estimated a year Hoover said the government should build up a reer service in the government by boosting the pay of executives letting each agency hire its own help and reducing the dous turnover among federal workers to blockaded Berlin All airlift pilots were on the AlltO lookout for Soviet patrol I but spotted none j KENT Nov His head I way and flooded the floors and The pilots were alerted by a j caught inside an automobile damaged downstairs ceilings Russian announcement made four-year-old Thomas He by the Americans last night son of Mr and Mrs James Finch that the Soviet airforce intends today The child was S lass Nov anv without when a university fair identification or found out- noticed him hanging outside the v the three wide window of a narked car I around h i ts or the wide area Found In Field Thursday's JO 6 p m 4 12 Midnight private planes hunting i missing craft I It was several hours before jj could reach the 43 spot in a heavily wooded The plane took off from Akron O i Tuesday afternoon It crashed a few miles of its a m j nearby Bigler airfield Cause of the p m j crash was undetermined A Moonset Sat a m fog shrouded this area Tuesday I Full Moon Nov PROMINENT STARS below j FARM INCOME UP i VISIBLE sets Mnv P Jupiter low In Mov p Venus Ohio's farm income is running j Mch in southeast ahead of tne agriculture Mercury reports I Eisenhower The Giraud Mystery What happened to French General Henri For the real story of eral Giraud read today's in- stallment of Crusade in Eur- ope by General Eisenhower You'll learn why Eisenhower called his interview with aud one of the most ing of the war Be sure to get today's Zanesville Signal Harvard university officials said it is not rising early enough i ahead of the sun for people to get a good look at it i locations i Reports reaching here indicate comet has been widely in all parts of the world ex- i just a too far north i Charles Federer of Harvard said best Coroner John R Turner of j age county said the little boy HERSHEY Pa Nov 11 flying climbed up on the body of a man found in a cow the car pushed his head through j pasture with two bullet wounds in line partly opened windew back today was identified by Both the Americans and British j lost his balance j racehorse owner Daniel Lamont as ould hold the Russians of two men who robbed him for any damage or around Berlin Commercial planes Berlin do not carry from the new Soviet The Americans have had from Dr Robert fighters sig i director of Rensselaer observatory them to land i Troy N Y I Dr picked up the I TRAFFIC VICTIM comet in the early dawn with CINCINNATI O Nov announced purchase of Hawthorn home of the late Orville Wright Col E A Deeds chairman of i pair of binoculars He automobile fatality in board and S C Allyn NCR It is moving west and I Hamilton county this year president announced the purchase now of magnitude 2.5 or 3 and the red today with the death of price at covering the home and grounds and with few tions the furnishings Cash Register Firm Buys Wright Home DAYTON O Nov State Police National Cash Register Co today Alfred Verbecken said Lamont owner of El Mono came here from his home in Altoona Pa to view the body and make the visible is about twice the size of the moon's diameter as Miller 63 He was injured last Saturday Two men one with a mask over his face forced Lamont early morning to enter his and open his safe at gunpoint The body of the man found on a lonely road near this central sylvania community was ly identified by state police as I James Longden i WHAT DO THEY MEAN TO YOU? Read A unique and ing fiction serial by ETHEL HUESTON Begins Today in The Times Recorder
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