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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - November 3, 1949, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION VOL 31 Sunny and milder erly 20 mph during the day decreasing to light at night Low tonight and high Friday 35 and 55 PRICE 5 CENTS WITH COMICS lOc WINNIPEG THURSDAY NOVEMBER 3 1949 Sun 7.21 Moon p.m Sun Set 5.03 p.m Moon Set 4.59 p.m FAIR AND MILD Acheson Pledges U.S Battle To Revive Trade 6 Ways To Boost Imports BY MAX NEW YORK Nov 3 Launching a new campaign for the revival oE world trade U.S of state Dean Acheson pledged the United States Wednesday night to use -all its powers to stimulate a er flow of imports from Great Britain and Europe into this try He urged congress and the American business community to take similar action to help cure the dollar shortage Moreover he issued an emphatic warning that the administration would not consent to tariff in- creases or administrative barriers In order to shut out goods now entering the country under the ipur of devaluation Instead be sketched a point programme to increase American purchases from abroad still further This gramme related to tariff re- reform of customs procedures simplification of various rules the problem of agricultural amendment of the protectionist devices embodied In the Buy American and changes in the shipping laws to let other countries carry American goods in their own vessels If the United States he said spent only five or six per cent of Its national income on imports that would mean imports of about annually This would be almost a doubling of pur present imports and a tion oE our problems The actual figures for last year as given by the Associated Press are as U.S imports exports The gap was In 1937 he continued the shall Plan countries and their de- sold the United States goods and services amounting to two per cent of the U.S gross tional product In 1948 they sold only 1.2 per cent The difference In that of one point Is about It is this gap which ha's to be closed im- mediately Refused Discussion Throughout his speech to the convention of the national foreign trade council at the Asforia hotel Acheson refused to discuss the trading problem in terms of Europe's balance oC ments difficulties He said the United States had its own balance ot payments problem that it could rot make loans to Europe in- and that American CONTRACT CUTS ALARM OTTAWA What a day to be out of Indian summer in full These boys how-to their holidays Their were at a convention so the lads and their dogs were free to imaginary to be avoided The opening of chases from abroad had to be greatly increased if a sharp con- traction in American exports was this campaign for more imports was regarded by foreign diplomats as comparable in Importance to the educational campaign which persuaded the American people to support the Marshall Plan and the North At- Pact Mr Acheson As you read the hearings before con- gress on the legislation ns you read the which come to the about the tion of the trade agreements programme the motif that runs consistently through a large part of them is fear Fear that Sol Smiles City Simmers Snow Stymied No denying it and who would want Summer arrived in Manitoba Thursday There was no doubt of its identity after the seven new record high tures for Nov 2 it had left as souvenirs further west Its arrival here grave the weatherman such a lift that predicted a high of 55 de- grees in Winnipeg for Friday That wouldn't record for in 1899 and would be balmy local rejoicing The this time is expected Indians and shoot imaginary big game along the banks of Sturgeon creek There was ice on the creek to remind them of weather past and future but they couldn't care less REPLIES TO FURIOUS ATTACK Eight Testify In Sadova Case Eight witnesses took the stand in city police court Thursday morning as the preliminary hearing opened into a charge of murder against a printing house employee William appeared before Magistrate M H Carton charged with the murder of Mrs Dora Sadova whose body was found Sept 13 in her back lane shack at 266 avenue Dressed in a white shirt open at the throat and grey trousers appeared unconcerned as the first eight of 30 witnesses took the stand First witnesses old Donald Kelly of 264 ferin avenue and his chum Henry Brandt 11 of 268 ferin avenue testified that they discovered the body of Mrs Sadova lying on the floor of her home She was spotted through the open door of her shack by the boys as they were carrying in Both boys notified their mothers they said Third witness Constable A P Ives on duty in the Dufferin street area time said he reached Mrs shack about 4.10 p.m the afternoon of the discovery She was lying on her bedroom floor on her right side with her taped behind he de- clared Constable Ives reported he re- mained there until the arrival of the provincial coroner Dr I O Fryer Mrs Susan Brandt mother who identified the body at an autopsy performed that ning at Kerr's funeral home fied she had seen no one enter or leave Mrs from Sunday till the time the body was dis covered I saw Mrs Sadova alive was Sunday afternoon Sept Garson E si z e s Need To Strengthen Combines Act enough for warm spell to last for several days Out in Saskatchewan and berta Tuesday winter woollies were to the cedar chest again as warm Pacific air set new to bring into temperature highs British See Page 10 See WEATHER Page 10 NEW RATES READY All WEC Workers To Get Retroactive Bodst In Pay All employees of the Electric company except the ex oC the firm will receiv the five per cent increase in retroactive to April 1 1949 ac cording to a company official The payroll of the company in eludes about employees o which about are organized in the Winnipeg Electric Employee council Total retroactive pay for all em ployees up to the end of to about Union officials of the Electric Employees council received Jap Atomic Expert Wins Nobel Prize STOCKHOLM Sweden Nov 3 Hideki Yukawa f Japanese atomic scientist who now Is on the staff of Columbia uni- versity in New York Thursday won the 1949 Nobel prize for physics He was the first Japanese and the first Oriental to be named a Nobel winner The prize amounts to Yukawa 47 who has been in the United States for about a year gained world-wide scientific fame lor his that a particle known as a meson was a ent of the elements and that it was a contributing factor to the binding forces of nature Science long has attempted to determine what is the force that holds the nucleus of the atom the and the together a letter Thursday from C H manager of tion stating the company bus accepted the recommendations of the Dysart hoard of con- ciliation involving a five cent increase in pay plus a contributory pension plan Mr Dahl's letter to Ed strong secretary of the union The arrangements have been made with the accounting depart ment to try to get for back pay as recommended by the board oE conciliation in the hands of the employees by Nov 15 The new rates of pay in the various departments covered by the agreements have been worked out and statements of them will be forwarded to the union in the next day or so They are effective from April 1 1949 and include special adjustments in a few cases as agreed to As to the pension Mr Dahl's letter to the union further said this is a matter which will require quite a bit of study and actuarial sistance It should be worked out by a Joint of representatives of the union and the Mr Dahl further informed the union that as soon as it has pointed its committee joint committee can get busy on this subject of this letter was also to Hon C E Greenlay minister of labor x company has already set up committee to act in conjunction vith a similar committee the employees to work mt the details and costs of a able pension if that is an official of the company the BY CHESTER BLOOM OTTAWA Nov 3 Special An imminent government proposal amend the combines act to give it more teeth took a new turn Wednesday after- icon when Fred McGregor com- bines act commissioner resigned A lengthy statement was made wa in the house by Hon Stuart Garson the minister of justice explaining the government had not proceeded further with prosecutions of dental and optical combines nor initiated a probe of oil and gasoline price rises Mr Garson replied to a furious attack on the ment by R R Knight of atoon for these alleged failures He implied that Mr McGregor had quit because of the refusal to probe oil price situation Mr Garson said he would make a statement Thursday on Mr Gregor's resignation On the subject of oil price in- creases Mr Garson made these Devaluation of the dollar has affected oil since 871 per cent of Canada's oil ments are still imported for the most part from countries 2 The import price establishes the market price for Alberta 3 Recent Alberta legislation authorized the Alberta con- servation board to restrict oil duction to the amount for which there is demand to make certain the price of Alberta oil is affected if in their files had not been to have been authorized writ ten by someone having authority ti deal in the matter Mr Garson said if this stood it would be almost impos sible to administer the combines investigation act The government was preparing a new section to ct to deal with the situation After this adverse decision counsel had advised against going further with the optical goods case beyond the cancellation of- for much the same reasons In the optical foods case it was necessary respecting of conspiracy to prove the boards of directors sat together and authorized the alleged actions said Mr Garson To acquire proof or Resignation Of McGregor Is Accepted OTTAWA Nov 3 CP Hon Stuart Garson justice minister confirmed Thursday in the com- mons that F A McGregor 61 combines commissioner has re- signed Mr Carson said that a I M MacKeigan had resigned He did indicate when the resignations will become effective not established By the import price of crude Dental Probe The prosecution of the alleged dental combine was knocked out in the Ontario court of appeal by a judgment chiefly holding that alleged incriminating documents seized on company premises or that Mr McGregor's resignation will become effective Jan 1 He gave no reasons for the resignations said he will table Friday an exchange of correspondence with Mr McGregor and the deputy commissioner A report on alleged combine would be tabled Monday HOARDING Dealers See Boost In are laying 10 cents a pound more for heir beverage now than they were nvo weeks ago and it looks as though they will soon be paying still more Local wholesalers said Thursday they could not even guess when or where the present price rise would end Some housewives are revert -ing- to the wartime dodge of hoarding retailers report So far however the women have not to have much effect on coffee in Still Higher Coffee Prices happens on the New York green coffee market Exchange rules there limit daily price advances to cents a The market's futures prices have been snapping up the full cent arid a half limit every day report A world shortage of coffee is the main reason they say In Brazil in particular two years of partial drouth have wiped out coffee reserves Worst of all the dealers say the shortage made itself felt just when North America's heaviest of the year WM evidence of was very cult It is has been considerable discussion back and forth over legal technicalities in the oil price situation but in the ID walking by my she stated Under cross-examination by the See HEARING Page 9 ero tu re J Unions Hit Overlapping OTTAWA Nov 3 lines that parallel adequate way service should be removed from the highways the royal com- mission on transportation was Thursday A T Kelly of Ottawa spokesman for 20 rail unions advanced this contention as ho continued evidence in the general inquiry into Canada's transportation lems Mr Kelly under sharp cross-examination from Alberta counsel J J Frawley who gested unions proposal amounted to socialization as opposed to free enterprise Mr Kelly said he would cate wiping out for hire truck services altogether where operate between points where a Temperature readings 24 hour period ending at 6.30 Thursday Mln Vancouver 37 Calgary 35 Edition I pn 34 Swift Current Saskatoon Regina Brandon WINNIPEG Churchill Port Arthur Toronto Max 68 71 62 38 30 14 31 Prec See RAIL Page 9 City Merchants Expect Jump In Butter Price An increase one cent a pound in the retail price of butter will go into effect in Winnipeg Monday city wholesale dealers predicted Thursday The prediction followed an- by the de- of agriculture of new ceilings on hulter with the new ceiling for Manitoba set at 58 cents a pound The celling varies in the provinces according to tion costs Announce Increase OTTAWA Nov 3 HUP The government set a new wholesale ceiling price on butler Wednesday and wholesalers estimated the re- tail price soon will jump by two cents per pound The department of agriculture See TRADE CRISIS Page 9 Gloom Gathers In Capital OTTAWA Nov 3 ish proposals to slash food chases from Canada on a even greater than recent ings from London had indicated was the subject of discussion by the federal cabinet Thursday Graham Towers governor of the Bank of Canada Max MacKenzie deputy minister of trade and com- merce and Gordon Taggart deputy minister of agriculture re- turned recently from the United Kingdom and the gist of their re- port to the cabinet presented a grim picture The three men who went to England on a combined policy mission have told the cabinet that Britain is planning her food purchases in terms of the funds she hus available rather than in terms of the units of food which she con- siders desirable it was ed British policy the three men learned while in London is to cure the maximum amount of food for the minimum expenditure of money With western European devalued proportionately to the British the ex- tent of about 30 per the Canadian dollar was devalued only 10 per this situation is said to exclude purchases of stuffs in Canada where able goods can be secured from western European countries Products Hit The countries from which chases might be made include Denmark Holland Norway and Sweden The products chiefly would be Canadian print certain lumber products bacon and eggs the cabinet was told Informed sources here said that cheese was virtually the only com- that Britain was willing to contract for during 1950 out some cut in quantity Wheat was unaffected since next year's crop was governed by the inter- national wheat agreement to the United Kingdom was a party Federal agricultural circles here w e r o deeply concerned the merely from the standpoint of a- re- flow of food exports which was almost a certainty but because he con- tracts havo served as a floor Waste Amid Want Shortages And Crime Widespread in This is the second of a series reports on the Soviet are ten by Joseph Newman who for months has kept Free Press readers up-to-date on happenings in Russia Mr Newman New York Herald Tribune correspondent has been prevented from staying in the BY JOSEPH NEWMAN PARIS In July 1947 the Moscow Peoples Court citizen S Burlakov a to ten years prison at hard for stealing eighteen babies diapers The same court sentenced citizen M to eight years for running off with citizen dress vhile she was taking a public nath A man and a woman stole vegetables from a garden were condemned to six and eight years respectively Most of these and numerous stories all matters of public record in Moscow were not allowed to be transmitted abroad to foreign readers The official censor by his revealed that we ad touched one of the most in the Soviet em Reports about de- goods shortages cracy maladministration and crime were taboo But over a period of time we had press reports from all over the Soviet Union that these were more widespread than we had believed It was clear why these reports had to be suppressed and why the foreigner could not be permitted to wander freely about the country to run into these conditions M Molotov then for- eign minister announced in ber 1947 that the Soviet Union had recovered the level of industrial duction The press and radio began the lost Of Living Index May Show if feet Of- Devaluation OTTAWA Nov 3 The cost f living index for September will e issued Friday Since devaluation swept almost 11 parts of the world in the week of September its rst effects on living costs may be in the index The index is calculated on the asia that equals 100 and ow stands at a drop in August first decline n a half-year upward climb j claiming to world that Russian worker was not only much better off than before the Bolshevik tion but he was Newman better off than the exploited worker in capitalist countries That being the case press reports even they were Soviet could not be allowed to con- this picture The Soviet Union frequently an- that workers in the World Federation of Trade Unions support its policies It not wittingly permit any reports especially if they are of Soviet origin to disrupt their faith and that of millions of more foreign workers it seeks to draw to its side Free normal communications between the Soviet Union and the outside world might sweep away the dream of the worker's heaven on which a great deal of the strength of Soviet foreign rests But the flaws no matter how hard they are suppressed remain There are countless reports waste of Soviet labor and materials Their cumulative impact and suggest that the waste in the planned Soviet system may be greater than in the unplanned cap- country N Tikhomirov chief of the Moscow trade department publicly announced but not for transmission abroad that one would bp ashamed to show a tomer much of what the Moscow city light industry produces Comrade A director of the Moscow store announced that rubles worth of goods he had just received were unfit for public sale eighty out of an order for 200 ladies coats met specifications At Sverdlovsk the heavy See NEWMAN Page 9 POLICE HOLD HUSBAND Woman 56 Near Death After Fracas In Home A woman lay near death in Winnipeg General pital Thursday following a fracas n her home late Wednesday ice are holding her on a charge of assault bodily harm Unconscious and in poor is Mrs Eva 307 avenue Hospital authorities she has brain lacerations say severe shock possible fracture of the skull and lacerations to the ace and scalp Early Thursday they believed it doubtful that she would survive William husband of the injured woman appeared in city police court Thursday and was remanded without plea until Friday Nick an elderly roomer In the same house being held a material witness appeared In court Thursday and was remanded 2t hours by Magistrate M H Garton Police were first called to in- at the Home at about 10.45 p.m Shortly Rybak afterward 598 Wednesday Dr F A ave called police to report having treated See INJURED WOMAN Page 9 d Radio news page 4 Movies pane 5 Bridge column page 8 Women's news pages 16 IT Sports panes 20 21 22 Crossword puzzle page 14 page 27 Editorials page 19 Finance page 28 Canasta Series 24 ADVERTISING COPY New Deadlines Due to the increasing of advertising tating larger newspapers and to facilitate our obligation to render the best possible service to subscribers and advertisers alike we find it imperative to advance the Deadline for acceptance of all advertising Commencing M o n da y Nov 7 all DISPLAY AD- must be in our office at least 24 hours be- fore publication date and no changes from original copy will be allowed after 5 p.m the day preceding insertion date except correction of typographical errors The closing time for CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING will be advanced every day to 10 p.m the vious to publication except Death Notices which will remain as formerly The management appeals to advertisers for their est possible co-operation so that late delivery of your newspaper may be avoided The Winnipeg Free Press Co Ltd
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