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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - August 21, 1948, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION VOL 279 46 PAGES J g Free Press Cloudy this afternoon otherwise clear Saturday and Sunday with little change In temperature winds at 20 mph to light tonight Low tonight and high day 52 and 75 PRICE 5 CENTS WITH COMICS lOc WINNIPEG SATURDAY AUGUST 21 1948 Sun 6.27 Moon Rises 9.39 p.m Sun Sou p.m Moon Sets Clear and Warm MOSCOW NEGOTIATIONS STRIKE SNAG Russians Kidnap More Germans BERLIN Aug 21 BUP Russian military police kidnapped four more German policemen from the western sectors of Berlin Saturday and United States and British military authorities appeared to be preparing to resist any further Russian raids into Bakeries Cut Bread As Ordered Five leading Winnipeg and dis bakeries have announced in the price at their breac to the level in effect July 31 Th live Bread Genera Bakeries Bread Marve Bakery St Vital and Brown Bread that their ac tion is taken to meet the require ments of an order of the prices and trade board issued Aug 19 In a statement issued Saturday the bakery firms state that though they are immediately put ting the reduced price to the con turner into effect costs of bread production have not been in any way by the order The statement also said costs o labor materials and used in the manufacture and distri bution of bread have increased greatly since September 1947 bread prices in effect at July 31 were set These are the prices to which the bakeries are now re- quired to return The bakers statement with an appeal to the dominion government to make a of the situation now ing in the baking industry to the that a policy be put into ieet which would be fair to con- and bakers alike Labor Code Takes Effect September 1 OTTAWA Aug 21 The Canada Gazette Friday carried of- notice that the federal labor code passed at he last session of parliament will become effective Sept 1 The code revising machinery for handling disputes in industry under dominion jurisdiction will control Jabor relations in such industries railways communications ping and other The coile will be ed by a labor relations board bended by Sir Justice G B O'Connor of the Alberta supreme Besides setting up machinery for disputes in controlled industry the code also makes for transferring industries from provincial to federal jurisdiction where the provinces signify they want this done ONE LEG WOODEN ROME Aug 21 AP Rome's municipal lost-and-found office re- ported that somebody could have his wooden leg back if he'd hop and get it MONSTER MIXER This giant mixer being used in construction of a super way at the Rivers Man joint air school pours out one and one- quarter yards of concrete every 40 seconds A is now nearly finished the first of two runways reported to be strong enough to take landings by any heavy aircraft likely to be designed in the future Daily cement consumption on the job is bags Ten inches of concrete is being laid over a prepared gravel and sand base 27 inches thick Calling for landing strips and two taxi strips feet long construction wil cost an estimated their sectors Col Frank Howley U S com- mandant in Berlin ordered three riot squads of American military policemen to duty Saturday in the area of the border between Russian and U S sectors where the kidnappings have curred The squads consist of about 25 men each and all be fully armed plans or entrenching the riot squads in the area especially near the Platz were drawn up at the scene bj top tary police authorities A total of nine German policemen have been ped by Soviet military Police from the American sector Three have escaped but the other six still were held The two abducted Saturday were beaten and one was stabbed before dragged across the boundary Two other German policemen were kidnapped Saturday from the adjoining British zone and they too still are missing British and American authorities sent violent commanders protests to and the Russian British strengthened their military police precautions in line with American moves Russian authorities while charged that the American sector was a gangster haven similar to he old days of Chicago md said it must and will be cleared of its Fascist and criminal clement American authorities said roving of both American and nan police would augment the riot quads along the boundary An air of tension prevailed its high British and American officers made inspections and disposed their while Russian soldiers watched curiously from their side of the line often only a few yards away Hundreds of expectant Germans ined the streets to wait for the next move in the east-west and American and isli police jeeps roamed the area during the waning hours of ight Communist leaders in Berlin called for workers to attack the Fascist gangs on the western borders in street lights The ern German police chief said the Russians were seeking to create disorders as an excuse to march nto the western sectors RANGOON Aug 21 AP Burmese president Sao Shwe haik Saturday declared a state of rave emergency in Burma and a martial law act to com- iat the rebellion The government Friday night that it vill bomb and machine-gun all held by rebels Civilians vere warned to move out The has charged Com- with leading the rebellion Western Powers Unable To Agree Says Report MOSCOW Aug 21 Kremlin Germany have struck a snag by the temporary inability of tho powers on a united front toward Russian ir was Saturday Nothing was scheduled for Saturday and a meeting with V M Soviet mini- ster appeared doubtful leading to belief that the western envoys have boon to instructions from their governments before asking for another Kremlin con Waller Soviet Envoy Bool Passage To Europe WASHINGTON Aug 21 Jakob M Lomakin expelled by the U S slate department has booked passage aboard the Jiner Stockholm sailing Saturday i The New York consul has made for himself his wife and two children the steamship line said It said it could not disclos when the envoy had booked his passage The ship plies between New York and burg Lomakin was not available for comment Saturday but Soviet vice- Zot I said he a couple of months ago that Lomakin planned a trip back to the Soviet union Faced with charges that Lomakin abused Coalition Of Opposing Forces Welcome Declares Coldwell Session On Controls Urged An immediate special session oJ to reconsider adoption price control and subsidy ation to meet inflation in the Canadian cost-of-living was urged Saturday at the 10th annual being held at the Furl Jarry hotel An emergency resolution 1 of price controls on all basic necessities of life food clothing and fuel specifically in- subsidies on milk butter eed grains cotton and wool as wel as bread 2 Renewal of an excess profits ax graded to remove past ies to raise revenues sufficient to say for the price controls ramme 3 Closing of the Winnipeg grain See Page 9 Wage Act Ceiling Stays At OTTAWA Aug 21 eiling at which wage earners may ie insured under act will remain at new amendments to the aei go into effect Oct 4 Arthur deputy labor minister said iere Friday In January this year the wage eiling for employees paid han or an hourly daily piece 01 rate was raised from 00 to per year There is no for other employees STAY OF PROCEEDINGS TO BE ASKED Manitoba Prepares Formal Protest In Freight Case The Manitoba government will ask for a stay of proceedings on the Canadian cation for an additional 20 per cent increase in freight rates until principles and calculations un- the 21 per cent increase of last April have been reviewed Premier Stuart Garson said The premier's statement came following of meetings in Winnipeg this week of counsel and technical advisors from seven western and Maritime provinces opposing freight rate in- creases Following these Mr Garson said steps have been taken to file Manitoba's formal answer to the application by the Canadian railways for an al increase of 20 per cent in freight rates which when added to the increase already in fect would result in a level of rates 45 per cent above the level April this year To Railways The province's answer to the application the premier stated will challenge the soundness of the railways contention that last month's wage in- crease justifies a further freight rate increase Mr Garson noted that the ways had had an increased volume of freight traffic that unduly heavy depreciation charges had been allowed and that the railways were in a very favorable con- dition Manitoba he said was strongly of the view that freight rate in- equalities should not be settled oy any automatic formula without regard to regional differences Unless the formulae used as a for last April's Increase were challenged new in- creases would almost ally follow Four-Point Attack The Manitoba attack Mr son said will be based on the lowing four 1 the railways have in- cluded excessive amounts for de- preciation 2 That expenses allowed by the transport board included ance items which should not be allowed Ideal Not Hot Not Wet If pre- diction comes true it looks ns if the week-end will be outdoor fiends about There will be no heat no sudden showers reports Apart from some cloudiness Saturday afternoon skies will be clear and light winds will waft their way over toll courses tennis courts and halt fields Outlook for Sunday shows some cloudiness with little in Expected high is 70 3 That the board allowed the Canadian Pacific railway to charge against Its railway operations all fixed charges and dividends of the entire corporation when some part of those charges should properly have been borne by operations such as hotels ships and highly profitable ments such as holdings in Consolidated Mining and Smelting corporation 4 That the board allowed the a surplus of more than per year from railway operations over and above the items mentioned in notwith- standing the fact that the had available to it earnings of some from its operations and investments Mr Garson said Manitoba's freight rate counsel had advised him these items might amount to a year for the The whole matter said should be reviewed by a royal commission MILITARY BUENOS AIRES Aug 21 The Argentine senate Friday voted a military construction programme to cost about Although secret arid open political coalition against it has reduced representation in legislatures this is welcomed by the party M J Coldwell leader told delegates to tlie party's 10th biennial convention banquet held in the Fort Garry hotel Friday night welcome it because this is drawing the political line in a realistic fashion between the forces of privilege and reaction and those social justice and progress Mr Coldwell declared Introduced by Mrs Gladys Strum Qu'Appelle Sask only woman member of the eral house Mr Coldwell said victories during the past year merely emphasized the trend towards the representation in ment and in the legislatures hac come mainly from the farms he said and added that it was worthy of note that rural members had fought for the rights of organized labor The is now the official opposition in British Columbia Manitoba Ontario and Nova tia he said Forced Into Coalition More significant still he said was the fact of Liberal and Con- parties forced into open and secret coalition in B.C toba and Saskatchewan Touching on eight federal elections which have been held since 1945 Mr Coldwell inter- total In the same constituencies we Liberal vote was find that down 12 the cent the tive vote down 18 per cent and the 56 per cent The election held in wan recently was the most ant he said There the ment was subjected to its greatest test This election followed ible wins in three held in Saskatchewan May 31 June 8 and in the Ontario provincial tion of June 17 He I say that the combination against the wan government was the strongest that could be organized Every vant of every vested interest was active against the Despite this our candidates See Page 9 Meeting Expected To Approve Of Butter Substitute The is expected to go on record as favoring the importation of oleomargarine into Canada Although David Lewis national secretary refused to be quoted on the subject Friday night resolution No 47 which will face delegates at today's stated that onto at least are in favor of the butter substitute Several other resolutions ask for essentially the same thing and the party's national executive is under- stood to have drafted a compromise motion covering those from the various parts of the dominion The national council's resolution it was learned will advocate re- moval of present restrictions on the importation or manufacture of oleomargarine in Canada Should the pass the re- solution it will be the first major party in Canada to approve im- of a butter substitute The convention is faced with an agenda resolution from British Col- demanding a definition of policy on this question The resolution in addition to the executive's compromise motion is expected to bring the problem to a head at the national meet ARMY WEEK SEPT OTTAWA Aug 21 CP The first army week to be held since the formation of the new active force in 1946 will be held in the veek of Sept 20 army ters announced Friday FOREIGN TRADE HITS HIGH Dominion Reports Gain In U.S Trade Balance OTTAWA Aug 21 the value was ada's adverse trade balance with the dropped sharply during the first six months of this ear when the value of the on's foreign trade hit a new high he bureau of statistics reported Friday The adverse balance for the ear period was com- pared with in the cor- period last year Although there was an able balance with the United States enjoyed a able over-all trade balance of This compared with a favorable balance of in he first half of 1947 and of 000.000 in the first six months of 1946 With moderate guins in both and exports the total trade increased to in the first six months of the year In the corresponding period lait year The half-year aggregate the highest ever recorded for the iod comparing with the wartime peak of jn 1944 Figures released by the bureau showed that the adverse balance with the United States began after import restrictions and excise taxes were imposed by the government last December to con- serve a dwindling supply of United States dollars The taxes were re- moved July 31 The adverse balance in No- last was Tn December it dropped to In the first six months of this year the were with corresponding ures for last year in January February March April May June Douglas Says Taking Middle Path The masks are off the chips are Hon T C Douglas premier of Saskatchewan told delegates to the banquet ol the party's 10th biennial tion Friday Standing in the glare lights which were the signal for the commencement of a national film board record and the cast of his speech by the CBC Mr Douglas said The fight is on between the people and those who live off the people A few moments earlier executives called for a sight of who had attended the Calgary inauguration meeting of the party in 1932 The call was an- swered by S J Farmer formerly Manitoba provincial leader Miss Agnes McPhail for York Ontario Angus nes M.P Vancouver east and tional vice-president of the party Coldwell national er Clarence Fines provincial treasurer Saskatchewan Walter Mentz Edmonton Two ideologies are struggling for supremacy in the world Com- See DOUGLAS Page D his official position by his rule in the the Russians had no choice o remove from his post But it was believed they Smith carried out a series ot in- i tensive consultations with j Roberts envoy and I French ambassador Yves neau Friday which out I cm past midnight j I said I In- negotiation on were to up The Soviet rout rolled news said he western powers could noi reach ment on demands for a in the Berlin officials later denied thai it had tile Moscow talks would be broken might Joff said unlv report accompany the action with a fresh bv the radio was one rom blast against the American stand in the refugee teacher dispute M Speculation in official also takes into two other possible Russian 1 They may take some tory they usually do in such accusing The American official in the Soviet for v Union of improper conduct and dering him out of that country Then They may reject the stale for two block in Mrs Oksana S wrote powers mid representatives Moscow failed tu come off because of a ol opinion ilio western le letters are reported lo explain her decision to remain in the Uni- ted States and possibly may throw further light on her at r bv here In the Mumbling hut ii was bo- wilh rhe position Stales and hands President Truman is expected sign early next week u formal of credentials which the dent originally issued There was a possibility thai call the envoys to him to serve as consul in the States it hem for a new hut this considered unlikely A end lull seemed in prospect new inst ruel ions troni the ern capitals an ive suddenly I western envoys were snid Macken z i e Ki n g Back In Ottawa OTTAWA 21 Minister Mackenzie Kins returned to Ottawa Friday night after a secluded seven-day holiday in the United Slates He said he had a fine lime during the seven days visiting in Seal Harbor Me id to lie that the ill tallis wilh lov is in ty talk in public de- urn hy less palaver and and more discussion of and viewpoints than nny other post-war lional one source snid EXCHANGE U.S Ottawa Wants Return To Unified Arms Plan OTTAWA Aug 21 arc ready making scattered purchases millions of dollars in Canada Ottawa Is seeking lo arrange wilh U S for an integrated system of armaments production similar In that in force during the war This it was learned Friday would allow the dominion to con- on a relatively few lines to sell her surplus to the U.S continued crop jn wake or visit of secretary James to last From and Ottawa and in return to be able to buy observers have reported from that country the things that docs not make That is one fact that emerged from a source the reports BETTY JEAN FERGUSON WINS Halifax Beauty Chosen Miss Canada Of 1948 HAMILTON Aug 21 lean Ferguson Halifax blonde Friday won the Miss Canada crown over 35 other beauties from across Canada An jury five judged the Miss Halifax the winner after watching the contestants go through throe routines in evening gowns giving individual performances un I a re on DIM the U.S will least here jnn thai Canada is pressing for or orders in her arms ion has become immediate joint chiefs of staff Friday to a week-end at thr war at Newport They will a of the sil nation from Hoyl air force who reached here Friday from Germany also will on his talks wilh Canadian do fence singing or other talents and parading in bathing suits The judges evidently preferred i Blondes Two other fair-haired j took the runner-up positions Phyllis Williams of onto and Ethel Valgardson of Taher Alta Miss Williams a nurse placed second and the year-old Miss Valgardson took third With the crown the Miss Ferguson wins a trip to At- antic City to compete in the Miss America pageant Last year's Miss Canada blonde Margaret Marshall of Toronto placed first in the division of the America contest and third in the judging at Atlantic i year ago Wins Other Prizes Miss Ferguson a talented who sang a medley of songs her talent test also gets a scholarship for whatever artistic studies she desires a wardrobe valued at a diamond ring a wrist watch and a Educational scholarships a singing student from to went to the judged the entry in I first nine runners-up the pageant Miss Avers no crop damn The included seven Toronto girls Miss Williams Florence Ferriman Tina Irene Ayers Connie Laidlaw Betty Jane Pike and Jean Rigby Pearle Merrill Fredericton N.B blonde was among the other three along with Miss Ferguson and Miss Valgardson Wilma Eileen Porthouse of BETTY Severe Storms Halt Harvesting Torrential downpours storms struck scattered western Manitoba dis- ii ct: Thursday suspended harvesting but caused no serious lo flattened crops Heavy fields Brandon suffered heads be- iDH down into stockn but damage will permit to resumed Monday farther tree damage hy high winds Dauphin was lowed by as golf balls which lie entire town aKo aced some buildings and dis- power and communications a r v e s operations will shortly as crop was done Farmers at j brunette won a silver trophy as rain the girl wilh the must beautiful Serious disruptions hair the Manitoba Miss Ferguson broke into between and as she mounted the dais were put in order by the golden crown was placed on Friday noon her bead She soon regained composure however and stood ft more than an hour as photograph ers snapped pictures Heaviest during were reported Dauphin 1.84 Rivers 35 inches
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