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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - August 18, 1945, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION g ss VOL. rises 6.21. sets 20.42. Moon rises 1732. sets 1.09. AUGUST 1945 rises 6.12. acts Moon rises 18.32. tcU 1.51. WARM KEEPS DETAILS SECRET Jap Kwantung Army Surrender mmn No in Burma Up Yet Fight Aug. 18. Japanese surrender envoy was on tlie way to the Red army headquarters in Siberia today and the capitulation of Japan's defiant Kwantung army appeared The official Russian Khabarovsk radio announced the Kwantung army's peace move this 10 days after Soviets sent their three Far Eastern armies ing across the Siberian frontier into Manchuria and Marshal Alexander M. Soviet army commander in the Far was revealed to have sent Russian planes to to bring back the Japanese army's chief ot staff for a personal interview at his The Khabarovsk announcement said envoys landed on the at 7.30 p.m. day Ordered at Headquarters It said had ordered the Japanese to have their chief of Lieutenant General at Soviet headquarters later than the morning of Aug. 19." have given orders to Soviet forces to cease military operations immediately on all sectors of the front after all operations have stopped on your Vasilevsky informed the The announcement came on the heels of the Russian disclosure that Soviet amphibious forces were storming ashore at a number of new points on the Korean coast in a drive to envelop the Kwantung Seize Coastal Ports Russian amphibious units already had seized the Korean coastal ports of Rashin and 90, 100 and 140 miles south of The new seaborne drives apparently were aimed at expanding that hold and thrusting inland to seal off the base of the Korean Almost 500 miles to the other Soviet forces struck hard toward the Yellow sea coast in a bid to complete the envelopment from that The southern wing of Marshal Rodion Y army captured the province city of 150 miles west of the after a 120- RUSSIANS Continued on Page 8, Column 4 Aug. 18. ese troops in Burma are unlikely to surrender until the Japanese envoys meet with Gen. MacArthur in official sources said It was reported that British forces have received no orders concerning their procedure when the enemy and presumably these orders were dependent upon details of MacArthur's conference with the The British 4th covering the Sittang river is dropping surrender High officers re- ported their surrender appeal to the Japs was so touching thai Japanese translators wept while transcribing There have been no casualties since the emperor's acceptance of Allied and at present there is no contact with the Japanese United Kingdom and Indian troops wre under orders to undertake only defensive During the three weeks following Jap attempts to break out to the which began July 20. British regulars and Burmese of the newly formed 12th army killed Japanese troops while rillas eliminated During the 11 weeks existence of the 12th army its troops killed a total of more than 20.000, and took The guerrillas counted for of the total killed while patriotic Burmese forces killed Third Anniversary Of Dieppe Battle The Canadian Three ago tomorrow the beaches of Dieppe ran red with the blood of Canadian Aug. 10, is the third of the battle in which men of the 2ru. Canadian division tested the strength of the German defences at French Channel port. The in force costly for the men of the sion who In all 608 were wounded and were listed as or taken MANCHURIA IS Halifax Rioting Probe Puts Blame On Navy Aug. 18. Japan officially informed General MacArthur tonight that surrender emissaries would leave Japan on Sunday morning weather a headquarters spokesman said they would be flown straight from le off to official Japanese said the emissaries would ar- rive at le about 1.20 p.m. day preparations con- under unusual secrecy for holding the momentous preliminary peace conference in army Headquarters con- to decline to reveal where Gen. MacArthur would meet the emissaries or give any other ad- vance An American plane will pick up the emissaries from two crossed white Japanese transports at le and is expected to reach Manila at or 8 o'clock that night or 7 a.m. A spokesman said the Japanese credentials would be examined that but that the conference with MacArthur would not start until The flight to Manila will require 5% to six hours after whatever de- lay is involved in the le transfer and Two Planes Tokyo said the envoys would de- part in two planes from Kisarazu southeast of at 7 a.m. p.m. Gen. MacArthur had specified that one plane be that it should depart from Sata Misaki on the southern tip of Kyushu The new Japanese message said the two planes twin single winged land attack aircraft would fly over Sata Misaki and gave a detailed schedule for the flight from that point to le It said the planes would bear designated by crosses on a white Permission For Chance The Japanese apparently also were using different type planes than the one Gen. de- 22- The general however had said they could make such a By CHESTER BLOOM Aug. 18. rioting and looting of liquor warehouses retail stores in during the V-B day celebrations of Mav 7 and 8, opinion of Mr. Justice L. royal it the Allied high com- learned valuable which were applied in subsequent landings on the coasts of May Be Liberated Aug. 18. Jonathan Wainwright who Gen. Douglas MacArthur on Corregidor in 1942 and negotiated the American may be liberated by the armies driving into it was re- Special Group to Arrange Repatriation headquarters liaison group lisht tnat a and 15 is leaving here immediately by air for to arrange to repatriate Canadian which fought the defence of Hong Kong before the crown col- ony surrendered to the Japanese Christmas 1941. The repatriation liaison group leaving here will be commanded by M. W. of defence who has sonal knowledge of the Winnipeg Grenadiers and the Royal Rifles of Canada and is a former ing officer of the Sherbrooke Fus Canadian prisoners of war have been scattered throughout camps in There are said to be 376 in or near Hong while in Japan proper there are by the A statement said Canadian of- will visit the Japanese tention camps when it is possible and send full details to Ot- tawa Next-of-kin in Canada will be provided with all information available by the speediest As soon as the men will be moved to camps in or near Manila and given medical care where required and comforts and other amenities essentially such as cigarettes books and They will be brought up to date on developments from Most of the Canadians held oner by the Japanese are men of Winnipeg Grenadiers and the i f t n Roval Rifles of the units mostly in camps PRISONERS Jb were due to these principal on the part of the naval j command in Halifax to plan quate programmes to occupy the minds and time of the service to keep them off the streets instead of wandering about and continuance of the disorders were due to failure of the naval command to put down the initial disorders on May 7 and B. insufficiency of the police service and ilian their faulty direction on both days the passive of the command in allowing naval to continue unchecked on the afternoon of May 8, without taking any said Judge lock deal with the situation a very late hour when the disorders had begun to play themselves explain the length of time during which the disturbance REPORT EXHAUSTIVE AND DETAILED The royal report is most exhaustive and occupying 61 printed pages with extracts from evidence from various Judge Kellock dismisses as quite insufficient reason suggestions that the rioting was due to discontent of service personnel with Halifax or that the damage was premeditated and in the nature 01 Evidence produced on this point was tendered as U what had been done in Halifax in the way of recrea tion and welfare of service per stationed in the mainly by voluntary work which large says the commissioner who then no satisfactory evidence of the existence of anv state of dis on the part of service per toward the citizens of Hall Government Will Pay Riot And Blast Damages Aug. 18. government has released findings of official investigations into two major blows that befell the area within 10 1. Mr. Justice R. L. Kellock had reported his belief that the that accompanied brations May 7-8 originated in the on the part of the naval command at to for keeping their personnel off the streets of the A naval board of inquiry found it was impossible to determine the exact cause of the initial fire and explosion at the naval magazine in Dartmouth July 18-19. and that it was to attribute direct and those under his com- mand in the The navy in releasing the explosion 1. He and Hon. C. D. munitions have appointed an independent committee of ex- plosive experts to examine the tory of the magazine in Dartmouth its the suitability of ings and the safety pre- cautions and methods of disposal blame to any person or P< In both cases Hon. J. L. fax has been I it necessary to did hear not the t j I evidence the citizens voluntary It merely go one step further ir establishing lack of basis for dis- i have no doubt that nave had trying experiences in Crowded continued other people lave experienced discomfort during the war in crowded of If there were in fact I any underlying feeling of ment on the part of service in May 7th or 8th he evidence failed to establish it. or that it had anything to do with finance announced that the government had decided .to pay compensation on an ex gratia basis tor the damage to property directly resulting from either and said of stock in trade will be regarded as damage to The or actually ex- rocked the twin time after time and forced ands to flee their homes in fear of a repetition of the disastrous blast of 1917. In a 61-page report on the dis- Mr. Justice Kellock of the supreme appointed a royal blamed their and on the of the command to put down initial disorders on each of the two Hon. Douglas navy in a statement said nary action has been taken within the He urged that the dis- orders not be allowed to obscure the great of Rear Admiral L- W. naval chief in northwest Atlantic until the of 2. Rear-Admiral V. commanding he Lays Blame on Naval Ratings The report lays the blame for thF on naval ratines and force army The air personnel is given a clean HALIFAX PROBE Continued on Page 11. Column U.S. Casualties Hit j Aug. 18. casualties reported by the i1 United Slates army and navy reach 1.070.138 a rise of last week's The navy casualty report ac for 1.304 of the increase nd the army for the remainder The war said the 1 army as received Washington through Aug. 14, totalled The navy total is G. officer on the Pacific has been pointed acting of naval ordnance charged with in- quiring further into the condition at the magazine and to review the condition of all naval magazines in Japs Surrendering In Bougainville Aug. 18. army reports said that Japanese carrying white waded river in southern Bougainville at to meet Australian officers who had been waiting there for several The officers were ex- to recross the river later returning to their quarters with surrender tions from Stanley G Australian U.S. Meat Plans Worrying Ottawa By CHESTER BLOOM Aug. 18. Associated Press despatch from Washington crediting U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Anderson with having said he believed it might be possible mura as saying his forces were to terminate meat rationing in in that part of the has caused deep misgivings in to the United Ottawa government Kingdom up to last when Tch asked also that the Japanese Though the government nas no intention at the moment of doning its plans to go ahead witb rationing to householders in the abandonment ot meat rationing by the United States would make the black market situation in Canada There is a great difference be- tween the situation in the United States and Canada at the moment for readily explainable according to officials of the federal meat In the first the United States had almost fifteen million men in the armed forces and an- forces associated with the navy and air The main export of meat from was me case wmi jn the meat commitments Gen. Chiang release the abroad were made direct to the Chang United and out of those under detention since he and our army forces abroad 1t, Communists held Gen. Chinng the for States to the millions of Europe was U.S. armed 1UI LUC men there and in ever surplus was above the U.S. shipments under v sun f lease were cut down to the The reverse was the case with Jn the Our abroad were our army were The American army in the fic had been complaining bitterly that the U.S. forces there short of that the meat to the were suit that the supply is now presumed from the U.S. to the Pacific MEAT RATIONING Continued on Page 8, Column 2 Japs To Reach Sunday While Gen. flanked by newly arrived 4-Australi'an and Chinese military had awaited Japan's reply to his further matum for the envoy the Japanese many hours earlier had reported that its representatives would leave without de- any hour for Then the official channel fell edly silent for a long The Japanese said the envoy after passing over Sata would proceed via Takara and Tori islands to They will fly at to feet The message also gave their call signs and radio and asked for le's call sign and The Japanese message giving the envoy schedule was interpreted by some as indicating the Japanese had abandoned hope of further stalling peace Pamphlet Campaign From Okinawa today Associated Press correspondent Richard Cush ing disclosed a campaign with quoting the emperor is anderway to induce Japanese on Ryukyu islands to surrender Pamphlets were dropped by plane yesterday for 250 Japanese garrisoned on Aka Shima in the Kerama group due west of southern MACARTHUR Continued on Page 8, Column 4 Communists Defying Chiang Aug. 18. munist defiance of Gen. Chiang continued bul was believed here that his troops would regain control of Nan king and despite the re- ported Communist bid for those vital Communist Gen. Chu Teh issued to Yasuji Commander-in-chief of the ese expeditionary forces in General Douglas MacArthur is shown with his favorite cob pipe The general is facing a busy week-end in for the formal conference with the Japanese surrender Declares Jap Surrender Caught Big 4 Unprepared Aug. 18. official utterances clearly indicated that the suddenness of the Japanese surrender caught the Big Four nations only partially prepared to cope with the innumerable complex concerning the future pattern of which officials agreed would be more important than Europe in maintaining Mercury Hits 96 on Friday TEMPERATURE READINGS Low during the night 130 Aug. 18th 9.30 Aug. 11.30 Aug. 18th This day last year Temperature comparisons may not be any consolation after a sizzling day like But at Winnipeggers can have the satisfaction of ng that they have lived through Jie second of the hottest days in over nine years and the hottest in Canada for the The thermometer climbed up to a 96-degree maximum on the same climax that it reached in July of this year at one Pavements had that soft squashy feeling on sun had that same burning citizens will remember from the hot July days of 1936. In that the maximum officially was over 100 degrees between July fifth and It is not often that August sets the record for the did happen in 1942 and away back in 1931. For three hours on from 3 o'clock till well after 6. the quivered at the 96 degree And the forecast does not bode much cooler weather for Fair and decidedly with probably a few tered is the Sunday it will be slightly Aug. 18. The Chinese 1st of the Burma entered Canton today and will accept formal surrender of Japanese forces in south China and plans were under way for overall surrender of Japanese troops in the surrender to the Communists of all Japanese forces except those troops of your com mand surrounded by the tang This was in conflict with the in- issued by Gen. Chiang's war zone commanders to Japanese to cease military activities immediately and to await further Tokyo broadcast recorded by Press quoted ces were cessation of pan of the 1 Ul I surrender their planes and warships Jn the de- the Communists hostage 12 in 1936. Demands Showdown Aug. 18. Chinese internal Mao made known his stand in a is now maae Known ms m a LUH or almost full since the U.S. to Chiang as the cast recorded by the had been counting on another underground took over con- Commission sought w year of war with the trol of the former Communist solten the harshness of reality and In other meat shipments strOnghold of Peiping and stressed a statement by Shigemitsu om the U.S. to the Pacific for to march into that Japan must win the world s kinc troops Canton tomorrow anese to disarm sympathy the In Asia are the world's centres of the of ana the greatest untapped which selves constitute the greatest dangers to The is now is di- vided two vast competing spheres of and the Emphasis on this aspect of the Asiatic lineup is currently observed in Chinese Premier T. V. rapid transit from Chungking to thence to with a secret visit to London in be- The ultimate outcome diplomatic activity thus fur is a matter mere but competent in London not discount the possibility of linked with the Chinese becoming the most influence throughout At the same time the United would bo more likely to align with the Overlapping of While the problems of northern Asia principally concern RUSSIA China and Uio United the equally important cal and strategic problems of trn Asia will be predominantly matters for tralia and and to a certain extent to Far Eastern observers see an in- evitability of an overlapping of in- in latest advices in- India is demanding Strategy alone will help to assist in the disposition of some islands off. the Asiatic which responsible sources London believe must come under some lorm of tional Winston Churchill once fleetingly mentioned an atic equalling the Euro- pean to deal with such but as far as it can be in London not even the nucleus of such a body has been A Beaten Japs Told Bluntly San Aug. 13. Japanese treated heretofore to a series of evasive tions of their were told flatly today by one ot their top leaders they are a beaten people and must pay the price for an imperialistic dream bubble that burst in the blast of Japan's invasion jitters were giving way in atomic At the same Tokyo radio reported that an extraordinary had sion of the Japanese cabinet been culled by Premier F After four days of ing statements to the effect defeat but and still think our way of thinking is Foreign Minister Mamoru who held the same post in i denying as rumors that ei naa American troops and 8 had on Domei said an unidentified Tokyo newspaper reported rumors the Americans had landed at Shimoda in the Izo peninsula southwest of Tokyo and that a Chungking army had entered the city of The newspaper urged the not to credit such a reported by the by authoritative the radio Domei have and to face the fact that we have and and Save been landing of occupation armies on fact should be Admitted as is. and any view Despite the flatness of the foreign minister's broad sought to and Domei indicated that Japan's mainland will done iti an orderly fashion the con- of the truce Japan also gave thought today to post-war period and to the preservation of peace and under 'the of The Tokyo warned earlier that should the anese people to preserve peace and the occupation forces would be to step in and interfere in every branch of the central and
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