Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - February 6, 1945, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION Winnipeg Free Press VOL. Sun sun 18.30. Moon moon FEBRUARY 6, 1945 RUSSIAN BRIDGEHEADS SPAN THE ODER Owen Feb. one-time who challenged the dominion government on its conscription yesterday Avon Grey North constituency for the Progressive Conservatives with a by-election Minister Liberal and Result Of Voting Spurs Talk Of General Election By CHESTER BLOOM Feb. 6. over the effect the victory of Garfield Case in Grey North will have on a general election is at white heat in Prime Minister in a made it clear that there will be no session of now before a general as Mr. King the attitude of the opposition parties in the by-election campaign made a question whether they have not made a general election How is But beyond all questions of a parliamentary or when a general election may be is the net effect on all Progressive ments Canada of the tive party comeback in Grey Mr. King emphasized the servative victory was the splitting of the vote of those are op- posed to reactionary another factor was the incendiary article which appeared in the mouthpiece of the hierarchy in Quebec The ridiculous gation that the King government was considering Canadian dence from Britain was published in the French language last day But it was picked up by the Toronto Globe and Mail iii a hurry and rushed into the BLOOM Continued on Page 8. Column 4 King Doubts New Session Feasible Feb. 6. Minister Mackenzie King said last night in a statement that the result of Monday's Grey North immediately the question as to whether or not any useful purpose can be served by having another sion parliament before a general In a 300-word com- GARFIELD CASE Lead to Says Bracken Feb. 6. John Progressive Conservative national said last night in a statement that the result of day's Grey North by-election that on military matters must be determined by military not by political ex- Denting on the election of Garfield Case Progressive and the defeat of Defence Minister Mr. King everyone is I have al. along sought to avoid a general tion while our men are fighting the raised question of by their attitude in the present which have of- the government Less than hours after the polls closed The Canadian Press flashed the victory of the ex-mayor of Owen Sound in a hard-fought contest upon which the political eyes of the entire nation had seen focussed for Final returns showed Mr. Case with more votes than Gen and more than Mr. The final with all 127 polls Case McNaughton 6.099. Godfrey In the 1940 general election liam won with a majority over V. C. National Government and 5.104 over Mr. Case who in that campaign ran as a tional Liberal The complete 1940 vote 2.434. Despite recent heavy snows in the more voters turned ou for the by-election than in the North balloting in the 1940 general Monday's total o' 1G.573 indicated about 70 per cent of the total voting strength of 23.000 made its In 1940 there were ballots and in the 1935. general election there were 17.750 Fight in Beginning First returns last night indicated a see-saw fight between the Conservative and Liberal but gradually Mr. Case culled into a lead that grew slowly as reports from the 127 polling sions came in. Until a trend was tenseness of the was as great as the pitch of the that brought into the riding all federal party leaders directly concerned except Prime Minister Mackenzie who at one time threatened to call off the tion and now must soon make known when a general election will As soon as the Grey North de- cision became attention shifted to Ottawa for some tion of immediate plans for the Liberal whose defence minister is without n seat in the house The by-election was called when the sitting Mr resigned to open a seat Konev's Forces Capture Steinau In Big Sweep Through Silesia Feb. 6. Germans reported today that the Red had thrown three bridgeheads across the Oder 32 to 35 miles from Berlin and had captured the Silesian citadel of Steinau west of the Marshal shock troops stormed across the Oder south of Frankfurt and seen able to build up two rather small while a bird established at miles northwest of a German military spokesman General Douglas looks over the wreckage of Japanese planes on Mabalacat airfield near Bamban on the road to Philippines which was entered by the Yanks At left is Col. Lloyd aide to Gen. Speech From Throne Looks To Peacetime Government health services for Manitoba and the ment of a special board under 1he department of health and public welfare to deal with old age and blind pension problems were highlights of the speech from the at the opening of the legislative Tuesday Commenting on the election of Progressive ative Mr ment lead to the nation on the Now they have given a second one on the manpower Their de- cision today will be a great com- fort to the men who are so ly serving us results indicate three that when a government takes its people into war it must call upon its manpower not that when the nation's sons are called upon to de- fend us in the line of the provision for standing behind them with reinforcements must be quate not that in a matter where the lives of our youth are at there must be an proach to equality cf service and equality of on military matters must be ed by not by tical need not say that I am deeply appreciative of the work of our in Grey North and also for the expression of confidence in our policy and in our Mr. so positively indicated by the electors of that Not Says Case Owen Feb. 6. winner in the Grey North said last night after the results were known that he did not look upon the victory BRACKEN Continued on Page 8. Column 3 in the by-election have not created and fostered the very circumstances which make a general election in- and this at what may well prove to be the most critical of all stages of the this aspect of the the government will give immediate and close Text of Statement Text of Mr. King's statement result of the by-election in Grey North raises immediately the MACKENZIE KING Continued on Page 8. Column 6 for the new Mr King has already snid the call for a general election will come be- CASE Continued on Page 8. Column 4 Party Standing in House of Commons By THE CANADIAN PRESS Party standing in the Canadian house of commons after last night's Progressive Conservative victory in the Grey North Liberals Progressive Conservatives Defeat Johnson And Wood Rinks Two former dominion championship skips were shunted to the Tuesday in the opening draw of the competition in the Curling Social Credit Others Vacant Total 156 40 10 10 18 11 24 A tang of the post-war era the which was read by Hon. R. F. in formally opening the fourth session of the Pivot points in- A rural electrification project in three experimental Province wide veterinarian Co-ordination of all tional schools under the All-inclusive rehabilitation schemes for returned men and Revision of wage schedules for labor and a stepped-up educational Bills which will be introduced to amend and revise statutes were as well as a new act to vide for the appointment of com- missioners to promote a uniformity of legislation in The speech emphasized high production ng that many previous records lave been such as beef and pork production The speech said Manitoba's project had been designed fall in a dominion health plan and was divided into four preventive diagnostic facilities free to t all except in the sense I that they will pay through curative medicine and pital prevent disease it is posed to set up health units which will provide a comprehensive disease prevention programme throughout the whole of diagnostic facilities will cover all of the necessary tic and laboratory incidental to the diagnosis of free of cost to the physician or his The initial capital cost of ment will be provided by the The maintenance cost will be the province paying two- thirds and the municipalities paying For Curative Medicine Local areas will be responsible for the HON. ROBERT HAWKINS Speaker the Manitoba legisla was taken to the hospita Tuesday morning with a seven case of grippe and did not presidi at the opening of the legislativi Hi by the N. B. for session place was taken 57th annual Leo was the first to bowing out to Jim Grain by a slim 11-10 count in a tight battle played at the Fort Rouge Leo won the British trophy in last year's Howard Granite also was out of the running in the bowing to a rink to an extra end before nosing out Pepper of Deloraine by an 8-7 The second contest was played on Fort Rouge where the skipped oy Ab went into extra play be- fore defeating the Lemon rink from Mackenzie 15-13. The Lemon rink scored a ender on the but the boys came right back from Pilot D. Collins and marked up a six ender on the ped the to the and deadlocked the count The unexpected win also puti 13.13 on the Collins rink among the Dr E crossley chaplain somes which will bear watching among the 216 out-of-town Two extra enders were chalked up in the morning The first was reported at where Burnell of was forcea of the also down to defeat when the Wilde foursome from Fort Garry trounced him 10-7 BONSPIEL Continued on Page 8. Column 5 providing curative speech but if and when such areas join the gramme of disease prevention and THRONE SPEECH Continued on Page 4. Column 5 TOO Winnipeg Chilled To The Marrow TEMPERATURE READINGS Low the 7.30 Feb. 6 10.30 Feb. 6 1.30 Feb. fi This day last year A temperature in Winnipeg from 9.30 to 11.30 and a 22-miIe-an-hour northeast wind that swept puffs of over the sidewalks made uncomfortable for weather will continue de- Tuesday night and with strong says the The Pas was the snow things The coldest recorded prairie point The unconfirmed Nazi reports that in smashes through the Oder river line the have been able to grab Second Siegfried Belt Is Pierced Feb. 6 shal Stalin announced tonight that the Red Army had smashed through the Oder river defence line in Silesia on a 50-mile Tradition Marks Session Opening Much of the peacetime color o an opening of the legislature wa Tuesday wher Manitoba's legislators gathered ti begin their deliberations for tin fourth session of the province's 21s wives and guests who filled the followed the ceremony as it proceeded through the traditional practices of a British The full-dress military uniforms and colorful formal gowns of days were but none of those symbolic measures which represent the sovereignty of the people's members over their rulers was When Hon. R. F. had read the speech from the throne in the name of the foreshadowing those bills and acts which his ment proposed to place before the he and his parly The symbol of was then returned to the and the traditional of Defiance was read by Premier Stuart This symbolizes the right of the commons to proceed with any business whatsoever regardless of the requests of the After dealing with the ment of legislative standing com- adjourned for the In attendance on the governor were his two H. G. H. Smith and Major Archie F. The guard of honor was more or less solid footholds if will serve as springboards for a plunge over the last lap of the road to The two new bridgeheads across he Oder on the Berlin one at Kienitz reported between and the military man was quoted by the Berlin They were located as two or three miles south of the last great citadel before which was threatened by any flanking drive Zhukov is able to develop from these reported The Nazi spokesman said the main Soviet masses already were lighting on the ine of the suggesting that Zhukov's major units had moved up to the river and were ready resume the push on checked by the Oder de- Triphammer Blows The entire Oder river defence line through Silesia appeared to be crumbling under the triphammer of Marshal Konev's 1st Ukrainian The fall of key city 139 miles southeast of Berlin and 34 northwest of was reported in a supplement to the German issued from Hitler's It indicated that Konev's forces were well beyond Steinau in reporting that the city's garrison had fought its way through to the German The troops defended Steinan in a heroic struggle for five days against far superior infantry and tank forces of the the ment and when all ammunition was used up did the gallant garrison light its way through to our according to The Nazi command also reported that Konev had deepened his bridgehead in the Brieg area east of which already was about a dozen miles wide and A communique said that west of Brieg the Soviets pressed deeper into the face of tough opposition from our The line on which the Germans were pinning their Feb. 6. of the United States 1st Army slashed into the second concrete belt of German cations today to within yards of and yards of last bastion towns of the Siegfried the Roer Tw have been The 3rd miles deep in moved back inti the 3rd Army had through the Siegfried South of divisions am Army widened to cut-off corridor wl mar pocket betw and the Vosses German in a death caving in the up to five miles in a the 78th A dozen or more the west towns were hin 1.500 was no word of important 3f the along Field Marshal headwaters 21st Army A field despatch from of the Canadian Press war cor- said men of an Ontario fighting seven battalion found capers on a dead German officer which village of the Germans are offeree of for successful defence tions centre positions against Canadian The paper showed that the in i driven a patrol had brought him a re- ed of 100 cigarettes and two for French 1st ive miles their split the the 111 river where were hemmed he Allies were t with gains of Rain on Canadian Front With the 1st Canadian Army in Feb. G. CCP Cold driving rain swept the Canadian army area yesterday after three days that cleared the fields of snow and began to wash the ice from rivers and The storm followed a clear night which patrols continued one probing of opposing f the road both Canadian and and the Nijmegen salient patrols cap- 5e was cut four prisoners and killed two boxed while west of the south enemy patrols crossed the s and boats Jap Remnants In Manila Encircled Feb 6. American divisions encircled fanatically resisting Japanese remnants in Manila ally completing the liberation of the Philippines and setting the stage for the next of the march on hopes for Berlin was a successful defence of buckling dangerously along a 70-mile stretch of the Oder direct eastern Gen. Douglas MacArthur ly proclaimed the fall of Manila capital of the Philippines and est city yet liberated in the Pacific and said the motto of his command now to He said another American and Allied war prisoners and Feb. 6. The business district of Manila was in flames Monday as ped Japanese soldiers put the torch to the Escolta ilian internees had been freed with the capture of ancient off the eventual loss of Japanese propagandists heard by the FCC said that the ming of the Americans to Manila what pur side waited and our bleeding tactics will now enter the positive to the Enemy spokesmen indicated the battle was moving swiftly toward a Moscow remained silent on the German reports as well as on another enemy announcement that Red army forces had launched powerful supporting offensives against the upper and lower reaches of the Oder in a double-barrelled attempt to roll up the flanks of the Berlin Into City From South The airborne division completed the stranglehold on the battered Japanese garrison in Manila by smashing into the city from the south yesterday after an overnight dash of 35 The 37th infantry pouring into the capital from the and the first cavalry from the linked up in the heart of Manila and cleared all of the city Thinks Stan Confidence that the co-operative movement in Manitoba would still be able to go ahead although at a slower rate if taxed to the same extent as other was expressed Tuesday morning by E. B. manager of the Manitoba Co-operative He was the third witness to appear before the royal commission on taxation of co-operatives in the course of its Winnipeg G S. president of the Income Tax Payers suggested to Mr. Chown that d Taxation garded as fundamental to the cooperative way of doing When the taxation position of British co-operatives was mentioned during he noted that those organizations are assessed a tax only on their not on patronage In this he co-operatives are on terms of equality with private business as no corporation income lax is applied in Tabular Statement Presented A tabular statement was pre- The guard or to Mr. Chown that if made up of the senior officers of business enjoyed similar tax the three armed services and the Royal Canadian Mounted Air Vice-Marshal K. M. dier R. O. G. Commander G F. and dent J. A. of the IN WINTER'S SILENCE Old Man Talks Of Real Canada This is one of n scries of articles dealing with the attitude of the in By CLIFFORD M. SIFTON Quebec Feb. 6. old man drew his chair UD to the hearth of the fine Norman place where the embers glowed The great hotel slept Outside heavy snowflakes drifted down on the ancient roofs as it had every winter since Champlain first raised his habitation here three centuries and some years It was a in that for It was talk came from the old Not talk of Quebec nor of Quebec economics nor of social had covered all those over a The old man talked of Canada in terms of men and in terms soil and lakes and land The old man talked the real voune he have seen our province in these You have written stories us and about the Quebec But now I like to write a for last Don't take it don t think vou will have much trouble remembering it. have heard much talk of disunity in this land nf ours these past We have your people and on things which we think arc im- portant We have disagreed on conscription for m- We also disagree about the system of tion and provincial autonomy and a dozen or two other But are these things They are They are no more the real Canada than those clothes of yours are the real The old man rose from his chair and led me to the great window leaning out over Quebec's We stood looking for a Levis Prepares For Rest Across the St. Lawrence a few dim lights marked where the folk of Levis were preparing for The last was busily bunting its way through the moving upriver with the said the old man waving his hand across the is the national tragedy of these past weeks is that we have forgotten that this is are the bitterest of all quarrels can afford to be for the mystic inner unity of a family can withstand almost any If love ot the shared reality of is great enough need never rend it. it is with this land of You liave seen Quebec from horse and from motor car and from The hills you tHs Lower St. Lawrence there below us is as much Canada as the Red Lake St. John is Canada too and so are the long narrow farms that run Back from the river with their houses close together for comfort and safety on lust such nights as These too are Canada as much as the great tracts of prairie on Page 7, Col. 2. The first bombs from Flying Fortresses head for the heart of Berlin during the United Slates army eighth air force assault on the German capital February 3. airdrome lower left Templehof rail yards are at right is seen al Macdonald of the firm of Miller able to de- Macdonald and chartered auditors for many operatives in the This covering operating re- al a faster rale could lower was his had done during the present objected to any of patronage re- the Mr. as other co-operative during CO-OPERATIVES Continued on Page 8. Column 2 north of the river with the exception of scattered groups ot The Japanese blew up the Quezon and bridges across the broad as they fell back into the southern half of Manila for a last Two other bridges remained Japanese demolition squads con- their destructive work m louthern working feverishly against their own imminent de- Numerous fires cast a leavy pall of smoke over the Over Prisoners Released The Infantry division cap- tured prison in the northern of Manila releasing more than 800 war prisoners and about 550 additional civilian in- including women ana That brought to more than the number of Allied prisoners rescued in the past including those at the Santo Tomas sity concentration camp in and the prison camp in central Most were but the number also included a scattering of Dutch and ether Allied MacArthur said the names of those rescued at Santo Tomas and would be released as soon as they have been probably a matter of several Bataan where the made a bloody stand in 1912 before retiring to sealed off by a junction of Eighth army's corps and tha Sixth army's 14 corps at 37 miles of With American forces in control ol all roads leading into the way was blocked for any prolonged Japanese stand on the Continuing to prepare the way for an attack on the largest force yet of Liberators struck the island fort in two raids Corregidor must be cap- tured before Manila bay can be opened to American Awarded Feb. 6. force headquarters announced last night the award of the Distinguished Service Order to Lt. J. A. of 367 Scotia for his high degree of lantry and devotion in operations against the POLE HEAD SPEAKS Outlines Liberated Area Policy This in the first a series of despatches covering a trip Leigh White has just completed to Lodz and other forward areas of newly liberated by the Red By LEIGH WHITE Feb. 6. Boleslaw president of the Polish provisional told visiting American correspondents Monday lhat the Teschen area of Upper Silesia will not automatically be returned to Czechoslovakia on its impending liberation but instead will become the subject of Bierut said that although the provisional disapproves of the manner in which the pre- Polish government acquired Teschen from it nevertheless believes that areas Poles are in the majority should remain areas regardless of whether or not they pertained to a friendly or hostile if he considered Teschen such an area he of but added that he was confident he Teschen problem could be satisfactorily solved in conversations between Polish and Czech an industrial area of 410. square miles and a population of Jt was seized by Poland following the Munich conference in 1938. Bierut told us that the provisional government has set up a bureau of western territories to handle problems arising from the liberation not only 9f western Poland but of East Prussia and all of Silesia and Pomerania as far west as the rivers Neisse and is the only town m Germany proper which has so far been handed over to the provisional Bierut but other towns and cities in the aforementioned provinces will be placed under Polish as rapidly as the Poles can organize a suitable government Apparently the Soviet government has no intention of governing any of the areas claimed by Poland except the northern strio of East Prussia including Insterburg and the important Baltic seaport of 4i. Bierut said he saw no reason why any of the three powers should wish to especially since their attitude is already At this premier and foreign Edward interjected that Minister Winston during his visit to Moscow last summer indicated to him ally that Great Britain would consent to the on Page 7, Col. 2.