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Williamsburg Journal Tribune (Newspaper) - March 17, 1899, Williamsburg, Iowa fOWA MARCH NUMBER 1 TO BE IN KEEP IN STYLE r fci have seen at other such values elsewhere and we know is not a secure SUBSTANTIAL DRESSY at this time when our new purchases us quote remarkably low bargains you cannot consistently pass Kelly Lytles INJURIES TO FRUIT TREES AND r HOW TO REPAIR f Paper reed br Harrington before the County The subject of my remarks before you today is one of interest to a large number for very few of you are land owners but that have i more or less interest in the planting of trees of various kinds and for various and well you know with what sometimes expressed in lang that shall be sometimes not that you contemplate the ravages of the festive who seems to know intuitively that the bark of those beautiful young apple trees and others which you have carefully nour ished for possess tonic prop his stomachs the tender leaves of clover and Brother succulent foods are Then other bane of the farm in these latter that omni bob tailed field While you are rest fancied he is at work as busily as a under cover of a lit tie or a light unseen and but the se quel you will discover some bright sun shinny day ere he vernal equinox us in the newly awakened spring and while you are strolling High the little already par ing of its fruits In you Mil that a little tree flocks peculiar around the base of the Uunk for a few inches in heighth then you will look at and still and then I am afraid you will need to bridle your thoughts a me a verV serious loss of fruit and other these occurs pearly winter throughout a er or less portion of the whole upper it that eternal Is the price not of for m care of or injured bare been glyen JR on horticultural the department pf farm i f wit deal maiMS of soft and L 1 ft and then f ery of better means or of the proper hand ling of such wounds is in proof of will during of the Southeastern Iowa Horticultural Society at December the question of injuries by rabbits and mice came up incident ally at our headquarters in the hotel one and I stated a little of my experience in that line which seem ed a revelation to wideawake practical fruit men though they The same question was sprung in the session of the Society that day by some and I was called upon to vacate the come out upon the floor and explain my methods and the process of growth of the A pruning knife and a section of an apple brought to the rooms something were given me to demonstrate Cion connection to over dead spaces in The Washing ton dally paper commenting on stated that it was the most valuable lesson of the sessions of the Now I will tell you the story after is except as a starting point to after When I was yet a boy at my fathers one spring in March two fine young apple perhaps fyi to 3 inches in as my memory serves were gnawed by and a 7 to 8 inches in width around them entirely stripped of bark i the idea of experimenting any real hope of saving the we made what I will calla connection to bark the denuded part by out ting squarely in with a narrow chisel a below the ragged edge of the to get to sound bark and deep enough to reach the wood removing a narrow leaying a clean channel performed a like directly above and upon the up per edge of the Into this clear ed channel a large straight piece of last years growth from the tree or another at hand was after flattening one side a little the knife and cutting endp square being eft a fraction longer the space might be a little pressure at end where the fell those of the as in it tightly Qf the flattened Hide of the was placed against the the Six put in equidistant around the and qf 18 were carefully coat wax tfi A waj the result of waa at of fte ye ar was new rib was bul I wish to instruct you in a better way to insert the cions than I have describ and which we The wound to be prepared the except that a narrow chisel be driven under the bark at either end a little to separate the bark and lift it slightly from the The is prepared the same except to be left an inch the under side well flattened at ends and the outer side is cut with a long bevel to make wedges of both which are insert ed under the bark at each edge of the where it has been raised by the A narrow cloth or should be tied about each edge of the wound to hold the bark down upon the ends of these inserted Then cover with melted wax and outer After our experience with these two I over the problems in and experimented and as a result will give not a fine spun theory that usually fails in actual but a simple and easily ap plied injuries to the bark of trees which I have used more or leas in most winters for to thirty and may be absolutely relied up and yet it so far as I may almost It seems not to be as generally understood as it ought by our that the upward flow or circulation pf the sap in a tree takes place not through the medium of the bark as many nor yet through the but through the alburnum or soft white com called The returning as it being through medium of the inner tissues of the bark and depositing bet those tiss ues and the the cambium layer which gradually and in due time becomes transformed into the years of new I said the re turning such as it Al me to explain a little more fully on this or some of you will after I have seated myself to do did at ask If i meant a returning circulation tp state was a complete and During like that in the blood veins of pur bodily 1 It well known a plant derives a certain portion of its food from the the shape of held In solution by what we term the This aq J stated through toe cell structures pf alburnum to the and by through the process of or elaboration with or changed in to organised compounds similar f sugar ami and are then growth pf part of the pr tree hy tp and tq their uttermost thus ppn referred i Thus you may see how largely the growth of roots and their increased usefulness not only but the en tire structure is determined by the health and vigor of the leaf system of the trees and its consequent ability to supply this elaborated food in sufficient What a mar velous Alchemist presides over wonderful in which is tilled natures crude materials into the proper pabulum for building up cell upon in leaf and in bark and Bear in as I shall refer to it this dis that after the cambium layer be comes transformed into the years growth of new that no further growth of the tissues of this wood is It will for a time serve as a means of transmission of the sap to the but even that function passes later on to newer and probably its main function as related merely to the is to impart solidity and and by occupying all that portion not actively engaged in exclude the air and the varied contaminating influences it such as and With these facts in view I state this general prop that if the alburnum is not in jured too and before injury by drying takes if the air is excluded from the bared the returning in its elaborated will make deposits and bridge over considerable area denuded of bark so that after two summers sometimes in the main observable deference is that the outer surface of that point looks a little rough and A year ago this winter my fund of experience in this line was very greatly owing to the great number of rabbits and the bobtailed field The very heavy greatly increased their facil for damage to the tree I might count almost hundreds of small orchard trees of my own and pf cherry and during January and near me had ft fine orchard bearing some trees 6 to 8 in gnawed by mice from ground line to 10 inches not being ed were when found along March w dried that the upwood around was cracked They were then treated by the method tf I have Of course there dead wood In foe My pf ly or dried too A suitable wax for this purpose is the common plastic grafting which I usually make it would be of resin 5 parts by beeswax 2 and probably about 1 part of tallow but varied a little to sui the plasticity required for different for using warm the pro portions given would be all The proportions would be varied also by us ing somewhat more of resin and less of but it is not quite so plastic and I think likely to scale The same proportions of resin and beeswax might be calling them and instead of tallow use one pint of linseed must be free from cottonseed with which it is frequently For most purposes I very much prefer the and especially for applying cold by In either melt the resin and beeswax slowly be ing careful not to overheat which would be liable to somewhat injure it then add the tallow or stir then pour into a pail of cold As soon as cool take it pull and work over like molasses candy in a thorough and it becomes and yet and very light Use only the better grades of that which Is dark colored some times being injurious to tender Should you not get proportions just right at first and wax is too add a little more tallow if too a little resin added will temper it 1 usually test a small quantity before HUGHES IOWA LUMBER Dealers in ETC Also Combination Lath and Wire ESTIMATES FURNISHED ON We will furnish good grades at lowest and solicit your patronage Savings OFFICERS cooling and working as it is some trouble to remelt a For con in using cold wax when through pulling make intp rolls inches in diameter and inches long and lay away on a greased dish until CONTINUED NEXT School The average of District 4 York fpr the term comment ing and ending This shows average per cent of scholarship obtained by Those bearing stars were perfect at tendance DIRECTORS xV j Q j Hanson 95 furlong James furlong trees will probably fester ture but are worth few yean pf good Roster Stella Furlong no case did J make
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